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The North-Eaft of Scntland, 


Hijlorical, Biographical, Genealogical, and Antiquarian Notes, 









[All Rigkis Reserved.] 

' Study their monuments, their gravestones, their epitaphs, on the spots where 
they lie : study, if possible, the scenes of the events, their aspect, their architecture, 
their geography ; the tradition which has survived the histoiy ; the legend which has 
survived the tradition ; the mountain, the stream, the shapeless stone, which has 
survived even history and tradition and legend.' — Dean Stanley. 

[250 copies printed. No. ^2,^^] 








Sculptured Stone at Edzell. 




Introductory Remarks, . 


Epitaphs and Inscriptions, 

. • 1-376 

Aberdour (Aberdeenshire), 


Aberlemno (Angus), 




Aldbar ,, 


Alford (Aberdeenshire), 

. 1x6-21,339 


206-9, 339 

Banchory-Ternan (Mearns), 

• 1-7, 379 

Bellie (Morayshire), 


Benvie (Angus), 

192-3, 340 

Bervie (Mearns), 

23-7, 341 

Bog Well,, 

. 51 

Boyndie (Banffshire), 

. 199-201 

Braemar (Aberdeenshire), 


Broughty-Ferry (Angus), . 

1 15-16, 370, 3S0 

Careston (Angus), . 

. 259-60 

Carmyllie ,, . . . 

246-9, 341 

Caterline (Mearns), 


Chapel House (Aberdeenshire), 

. . . 264 

Chapel Yard (Angus), . 

. • 159-61, 383 

Clova (Aberdeenshire), . 


Coldstone ,, . 

283-5, 342 

CovviE (Mearns), 

53-5, 343 

Crathie ,, 

. 214-17 


. 312-18 

Cuikstoun (Angus), 



72-4, 343 

Cushnie (Aberdeenshire), 

. 187-90 

Uownan (Banffshire), 

. 146 

Drumblade (Aberdeenshire), . 

• 257-9 

Dun (Angus), 

220-6, 344, 388 

Dunottar (Mearns), 

4S-53, 345 


104-6, 346 

i^UTHiL (Morayshire), 


Dysart (Angus), 

• 237 

EcHT (Aberdeenshire), . 


Edzell (Angus), 

• 307-11 

Elchies (Morayshire), 


Ellon (Aberdeenshire), . 

59-62, 347, 376 

Elsick (Mearns), . 

• 55 

Enzie or St. Ninian (Banffshire), 


Essie (Angus), 

67-8, 371 

Ethie ,, ... 

• . 318-19 

Earn ELL (Angus), . 

89-95, 350 

Fasque (Mearns^ . 

• 254-s 

Fearn (Angus), 

268-70, 354 

Fettercairn (Mearns), . 

250-6, 352 

Fetteresso ,, 

75-S5, 352 

Finhaven (Angus), 


Fochabers. Scd Bellie. 

Fordoun (Mearns), 

62-5, 356 

Foyers (Inverness-shire), 

. . 67 

Gamrie (Banffshire), 

85-9, 244 

Gartly (Aberdeenshire), 

43-5, 359 

Glamis (Angus), 

180-6, 386 

Glenmoriston (Inverness-shire), 


Grange (Banffshire), 


Insch (Aberdeenshire), . 


Inveravon (Banffshire), . 

143-9, 359 

Invergowrie (Angus), . 


Inverkeilor ,, 

. 318-26 

Inverurie (Aberdeenshire), . 

178-80, 359 

Keith (Banffshire), . 

164-9, 360 

Keith-hall (Aberdeenshire), . 


Kildrummy ,, 


Kinnaird. See Cuikstoun. 
KiNNEFF (Mearns), . 



Kincardine O'Neil (Aberdeenshire), 


KiNKELL (Aberdeenshire), 


KiRKDEN (AngT-is), . 
KiRK-MlCHAEL (Banffshire), 
Knockando (Morayshire), 

Laurencekirk (Mearns), 
Leochel (Aberdeenshire), 
Lethnot (Angus), . 
LhaNBRYDE (Morayshire), 
LiFF (Angus), . 
Lintrathen (Angus), 


Logie-Buchan (Aberdeenshire 
LOGIE (Dundee), Angus, . 
LoGiE (Montrose), ,, 
Logie-Mar (Aberdeenshire), 

Lunan (Angus), 

Macduff (Banffshire), 
Mains (Angus), 
Marnoch (Banffshire), 
Marykirk (Mearns), 
Maryton (Angus), . 


MONQUHITTER (Aberdeenshire 
MoRTLACH (Banffshire), . 
Murroes (Angus), . 


63-4, 385 


• 304 


69-71, 360 


2S8-94, 361 


^^9-8 1, 364 

, 382, 390 

[96-7, 364 



95-100, 364 

241-4, 366 




132-8, 383 

235-8, 367 

106-15, 369, 380 

175-8, 371, 386 

• 326-34 

121-6, 381 


Navar (Angus), 

296-7, 389 

Nevay (Angus), 
Newdosk ,, . . 

Newhills (Aberdeenshire), 
Newtyle (Angus), . 

Oathlaw (Angus), . 
Ordiquhill (Banffshire), 

Pert (Angus), . 

Peter Culter (Aberdeensl 

Rathven (Banffshire), 
Rescobie (Angus), . 

St. Andrews (Morayshire), 
St. Cyrus (Mearns), 
St. Ninian. See Enzie. 
St. Pol'nar's Chapel (Aberdeensh 
Skene ,, 

Southesk Howff (Angus), . 
Stoneywood (Aberdeenshire), 
Strachan (Mearns), 
Strathdon (Aberdeenshire). 
Strath MARTIN (Angus), . 

Tannadice (Angus), 
TowiE (Aberdeenshire), . 

Ury Howff (Mearns), 

I Supplement, 
Appendix, . 
General Index, 


68-9, 371 

• 311-12 

• 285-7 
138-41, 373 

335-8, 374 

210-14, 374 

155-61, 384 

36-43, 376 

• 359 











To the more import a tit errors in t/iis volume. 

Pg. Col. 




Pg. Col. Line 






. drained portion of the. 


I 29 







. hisulcB. 


I 25 

P- 75. • 

P- 352. 




. Edinburgh, afterwards 
the celebrated banker, 


2 36 

2 34 

Regi, . 

Garvock, senr. 

and grandson of Pro- 


2 last 

45. • 


vost Coutts of Mon- 


I 46 

1777. • 




2 37 

Landaue, . 





. uncle. 


2 last 

nth. . 




George IV., 

. Queen Victoria. 


2 23 

delete and Co. 



. striving with heart and 


I 28 

p. 112, 

p. in! 



I 9 

imcertain, . 

tho' certain. 



Anne Grahame, Anna Graham. 


I 20 

80, . 




in infancy, . 

. infants. 


I 44 






. Drumthwacket. 


I 33 

Mr. Lunan \_v. p. 375]. 



. a poem prefixed to a. 


2 37 

by desire of. 



1781, . 

• 1731- 


I 37-8 

wished, etc.. 

neither would decline 




G. B. E. M., 

. G. B. M. M. 

death, nor could in- 




79 anno, 

. 70 annis. 

flect fate. 





. cheerful, in prosperity 


I 25 

P- 157. 

p. 151. 



2 6 

p. 89, . 

p. 245. 




man, . 

. in an. 


2 4t 

pp. 21, 121, 

p. 4. 




libel, . 

. label. 


I 26 

P- 93. 

p. 94. 




bum of Powrie, . and. 


I 35 

antas, . 





1857, . 

• 1837. 


2 23 


. eloquio. 




1660, . 

. 1680. 


2 44 

Kenneth IIL, 

Kenneth IL 




P- 45. • 

• P- 145- 


2 34 

et concidit. 





. Her husband's father. 


I 31 

delete line. 

who once owned a 


2 13 

p. 78, . 

P- 53- 

farm in Strathdon, 


2 7 

more southern 

south aisle. 

retired to Aberdeen, 


where he became a 


2 41-3 


[w. p. 12, col. r, 2d par.]. 



I 2, 10 

S. Mary, . 

S. Gregory. 




p. 122, 

. p. 120. 


2 12 

p. 79, . 






. Margaret. 


2 delete foot and top lines 

[•'• P- 362 »ote\ 




M. V. G., . 

. M.'V. M. 


I 36 

p. 48, . 

P- 358. 




p. 134, 

• P- 133- 


2 26,4 

I . 

\_v. p. 351, col. 2]. 




son, . 

. grandson. 


I 30,2 

,4 I- M?T) 

T. [Thomas]. 




eldest daughter of the Rev. 


2 9 

1831, died Dec. 

1821, died Dec. 17. 

fm' Clerical and typographical errors are not noticed in the above list, neither certain references to parishes and 
pages. The reader will kindly correct these misprints in course of perusal. The latter were caused by a change in 
the plan of the volume. 


TH E Author of this volume having occupied much of his leisure during 
a great part of his lifetime in copying Epitaphs and Inscriptions 
from Burial Grounds and Old Buildings, has necessarily formed a large 
collection. Of these transcriptions the present volume contains upwards 
of two thousand, or considerably less than a fourth part of the whole. 

The limited impression (250 copies) arises from the fact that this por- 
tion of the work was originally intended for private distribution only. But 
owing to circumstances which have happened since the Author began to 
print the papers which formed the nucleus of the volume, he has yielded 
to the wishes of personal and literary friends in offering it to the public. 
Had this been intended at first, not only would the number of copies have 
been doubled, but the arrangement of the book would have been different, 
and various other particulars would have received greater attention. 

In addition to epitaphs and inscriptions from burial grounds,, this 
volume not only contains inscriptions and dates from kirk bells and 
communion vessels, from bridges, old buildings, obelisks, and other 
memorials, all personally collected by the Author, but it also comprises 
so much that is new in genealogical, biographical, historical, and anti- 
quarian literature, that he thinks it can scarcely fail to be locally if not 
generally interesting. It also contains a number of hitherto unpublished 


historical and family papers, extracts from kirk-session records, notices 
from chartularies and other authentic sources. 

Although the unpublished portion of the collection has a wide range, 
and is pretty general in its character, it has reference mainly to the North- 
East of Scotland, or the counties of Fife, Forfar, Kincardine, Aberdeen, 
Banff, and Eloin. Besides inscriptions from most of the private and 
landward burial grounds in these shires, it includes collections from the 
towns of Dundee, Forfar, Montrose, and Kirriemuir; Aberdeen, Peter- 
head, Fraserburgh, Huntly, and Turriff; Banff, Cullen, Fordyce, and 
Portsoy ; from the Cathedrals and Abbeys of St. Andrews, Dunfermline, 
Brechin, Arbroath, Old Machar, Elgin, Pluscardine, and Kinloss ; and 
also from a number of churchyards in Perthshire, including those of 
Alyth, Bendochy, and Meigle. 

But whether the remainder of this collection, or any part of it, will 
ever appear, or in what form, will altogether depend upon circumstances. 
Now that the inscriptions are collected, it would be an easy matter to give 
them alone ; but to many, indeed to most readers, the absence of illustra- 
tive notes would render them less interesting. On the other hand, the 
addition of such notes as appear in this volume, however trifling and 
imperfect these may be considered, entails an amount of labour and 
research of which no idea can be formed unless by those who have been 
engaged on books of a similar kind, and in searching out new information 
regarding persons and places. Mere book-makers and plagiarists — the 
most contemptible of all scribblers— know nothing of ' the toil and 
trouble ' of such works ; although, unfortunately, as the Writer can testify 
from experience, it but too often turns out to be more for their benefit 
than for that of the authors of the books. 

In regard to this volume, the Author has further to remark, that he 
has been careful to preserve as many of the really old inscriptions as 


possible, and has been at considerable trouble and expense in disinterring 
'long-lost' monuments. The orthographical peculiarities of these, which 
constitute their value to philologists, and impart a certain charm to 
general readers, have been as closely adhered to as moveable type will 
admit of. 

Some of the modern inscriptions have been abridged, but the more 
important and curious, particularly those which relate to ' men of mark ' 
and to ' good and faithful servants,' are given in full. 

In every instance the utmost care has been taken to secure accuracy ; 
and the Author hopes that few ' vital errors ' will be found that are not 
noticed either in the list of Errata {supra, p. vii.), or in the body of the 

As it was impossible for the Author personally to compare all the 
proof-sheets with the original inscriptions, he has pleasure in stating that 
ministers, schoolmasters, and others have afforded ready assistance. To 
these (some of whose names are mentioned in the work), and to all others 
who have kindly aided him in what he may call his inagnimi opus, the 
Author begs to return grateful thanks. 

He cannot deny himself the honour of stating how deeply he feels 
indebted to the late Right Hon. Fox, Earl of Dalhousie, who, as on 
former occasions, so kindly allowed the use of hitherto unpublished docu- 
ments. These documents, which throw much light both upon personal 
and proprietary history, have been selected from the family papers at 
Panmure, and will be found printed in various parts of the volume. 

To John Stuart, Esq., LL.D., author of The Sctilptiired Stones of 
Scotland, and other works of great value and interest, the Author is 
indebted for the revision of many of the proof-sheets of the volume. And 


to the courtesy of James Anderson, Esq., M.A., lately schoolmaster of 
Foveran, he is indebted for the excellent translations with which the 
book is enriched, and for much valuable and friendly assistance. 

The Author has also to acknowledge the kind liberality of his friend 
Patrick Allan-Fraser of Hospitalfield, Esq., ZT.R.S.A., for the engraved 
portrait which adorns the volume. It was executed by Mr. T. O. Barlow, 
A.R.A., after the painting by Mr. Allan-Fraser. The Author is likewise 
indebted to the Trustees of the late Earl of Dalhousie for the use of the 
woodcut of the Sculptured Stone at Edzell, and to the Society of Anti- 
quaries of Scotland for those at Monifieth. The cross which forms a 
portion of the ornament on the cover of the volume is from the slab at 
Coldstone, see infra, p. 283. 

To facilitate ready reference, a Table of Contents has been prefixed, 
containing a list of Burial-places ; and subjoined is an Index to the names 
of Persons and the more important of the Places and Subjects mentioned 
in the volume, and also to the first words of Poetical Epitaphs. 


Brechin, May 1875. 


IN introducing this volume, upon Fmieral and other Monume?tts in 
the North-East of Scotland, the Author cannot help remarking that, 
whatever may be its reception, its preparation, imperfect as it is, has 
afforded him much pleasure, and enabled him to spend his leisure in 
such a manner as, he hopes, may be of some advantage to others, long 
after the ravages of Time have destroyed the monuments and their 
inscriptions which the work is intended to preserve. 

It must have appeared to many as well as to the Author a remark- 
able circumstance, that, while monumental inscriptions are admitted as 
evidence in Courts of Law, no legal step, so far as Scotland is concerned, 
should ever have been taken to secure their preservation. The Author 
is inclined to believe that the Legislature owes a duty to the country in 
this respect, and that an Act of Parliament ought to be passed, not only 
to provide, as far as possible, against the decay of Funeral Monuments 
by time, but also to prohibit their destruction and removal in any and 
every way, whether by relatives or others. These ends could be attained 
with no great difficulty, and at small cost to the country compared with 
the outlay which is frequently incurred by individuals in cases of succes- 
sion, by the employment of qualified persons to make faithful copies of 
all existing inscriptions, from the earliest date down at least to the 
introduction of the compulsory Registration Acts. 

But whether viewed in this or in a less utilitarian light, the subject 


of Funeral Inscriptions is one of the deepest interest, and highly sug- 
gestive to all, whether as regards the past, the present, or the future of 
ourselves and of our country. 

In all ao-es and nations — in barbarous as well as in the most civilised 


times — men have held it a duty to honour the dead by erecting such 
memorials over their remains as opportunity and circumstances would 
allow : — 

' To honor ye sepvltor ve may be bald — 
Ve lerne of Abraham ovr father avid.' 

Since the time that the Patriarch raised ' the pillar of Rachel's grave ' 
in the wilderness of Ephrath, unembellished boulders, cairns of stones, 
and mounds of earth have been employed to mark the graves of pilgrims 
and others, who have died in lonely and uncultivated wilds, far from the 
site of any known burial-place. 

Many of those humble but sincere tokens of gratitude still remain 
throughout the glens and among the mountains of Scotland. In the 
course of agricultural and other improvements, cinerary urns and stone 
cists, often containing articles of personal ornament and dress, are found 
in places which, from the removal of the original cairns, were never 
supposed to contain such 'treasures.' 

As dry gravel hillocks were generally selected as places of sepulture 
in early times, the same spots have been frequently chosen as the 
sites of places of worship. This probably not only accounts for the 
elevated situation of many of our old churches, but also for the custom of 
burying within them, — a practice which continued to be pretty general in 
Scotland, in the case of heritors and ministers, down to a late date. 

Since monoliths and boulders of great size and weight are so often 
found upon knolls, hillocks, and in dells, as guardians of ' precious dust,' 
it seems probable that natives as well as strangers had taken advantage 
of these as places of interment. Many of these stones — the removal of 
which from one place to another appears to be next to impossible, even 


with modern appliances — had probably been borne by ice or some similar 
agency, and deposited in their present situations, at remote periods of 
the world's existence. 

But as it is intended in this volume to deal solely with inscribed 
slabs and monuments, the Author will not enter either upon the ancient 
modes of burial, or upon a history of the funeral monuments which im- 
mediately preceded the introduction of inscribed slabs. The latter are 
commonly called Sculptured Stones ; and these, as well as the subject of 
ancient burial, have been so exhaustively treated by Dr. Stuart, in his 
work upon the Sculptured Stones of Scotland, as to leave nothing to be 

It may, however, be mentioned, that three examples of early inscribed 
monuments, of the class referred to, are to be met with in the north- 
east of Scotland. One lies in the churchyard of Knockando, in Moray- 
shire ; another stands at Newton of Culsalmond, in the Garioch ; and the 
third is within the Kirk of St. Vigeans, in Angus.^ 

The first-named of these (which is the only one mentioned in this 
volume) exhibits the single word 'SIKNIK,' which is believed to be the 
name of a man. It is cut in Scandinavian runes, and is supposed to 
belong to the eighth or ninth century (301). No monument can be more 
briefly inscribed ; and although in this respect it is possibly unique in 
Scotland, many similar instances occur in Ireland.'' 

The Newton stone, which contains six lines of an inscription, is within 
two miles of the church of Insch, where there is a slab to the memory 
of a priest named Radulph. Although the latter belongs to a more 
modern class of funeral monuments than the former, it is of considerable 
interest, and supposed to date as far back as the close of the twelfth 
century (20). 

1 See The Sculptured Stones of Scotla?td, and Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scot/and {vols, i., v., vii., x.). 

2 Christian hiscriptions in the Irish Language. Chiefly collected and drawn by George Petrie. 
Edited by Miss Stokes, for Members only of the Royal Hist, and Archa;ol. Assoc, of Ireland. 
4to. Dublin, 1872. 


The present volume contains no other inscription that can be referred 
to the same or the following age. 

The fragments of the monuments of the Hays and Montifixes at Cupar- 
Angus probably belong to the fourteenth century (72). But the most 
interesting inscription that the Author has met with is within the parish 
church of Tealing, near Dundee. It is in the vernacular of the period, 
and commemorates the death of Ingram of Kethenys, priest of the church 
of Tealing, archdeacon of Dunkeld, and a contemporary of Barbour, the 
more celebrated archdeacon of Aberdeen, who wrote the poem of The 
Brus. Although there is nothing regarding Tealing in this volume, the 
inscription is one of so much interest, that the Author may be pardoned 
for reprinting it here, from his own paper upon the subject, in the Pro- 
ceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (vol. x. p. 290). It is 
cut upon a freestone slab, is in fine preservation, and reads thus : — 

•^ \v^x : lyis : Ingram : 0f : futljcngs : pri'* 
masln' : i : arlt : a'tb^nc : of : bululbir : mab^ : \ \ bgs 
e^ii : iiljea : prints ; for : bum : iiat : bcut : Ijafa 
nb : k : : nbcrns : of : i^ulb : nt : tlje : ^vc 

o o " 

x)f : trnst : m : m : Irri'. 

The inscriptions in this volume next in order of antiquity and 
interest are those from the fragments of a monk's tomb at Cupar- 
Angus. The surname unfortunately is lost, but the remaining traces of 
a date show it to have been a fifteenth century work. Of the same age 
are the tombs of the Lyons of Glamis (181) ; Graham of Fintray and his 
wife, at Mains (201); Richard, vicar of Finhaven (338); Gilbert Green- 
law, a supposed hero of Harlaw, at Kinkell, in the Garioch (305) ; and 
those of the Leslies of Kininvie, the Constable of Balvenie Castle, and 
Farquharson of Lochterlandich, at Mortlach (327-30). 

Probably the most interesting monuments of the sixteenth century 
are those relating to Abbot Schanwel (74), and to the Provost of the 


collegiate church of Kilmun (72), both at Cupar-Angus. The aisle of 
the founder of Marischal College and his father, at Dunottar (49) ; the 
fragment which indicates that the Lords of Innermeath (ancestors of 
the Marquis of Lome), had their burial-place at Inverkeilor (322) ; 
the monument to the Barclays of Towie, at Gamrie (86) ; to Forbes of 
Brux, at Kildrummy (262) ; to the Bairds of Auchmedden, and to the 
father of Abbot Whyte, of the Scots College of Ratisbone, at Aberdour, 
Deer (57); also the interesting fragments to Wood of Bonnington, at 
Maryton (367), and to the Erasers, at Durris (140), all belong to the 
same age. The beautifully-executed inscription to Forbes of Ardmurdo, 
with a text in Greek capitals, which is cut upon the reverse of Greenlaw's 
tomb at Kinkell (305), shows how soon the work of spoliation com- 
menced among tombstones, which, as already hinted, has been so ruinous 
to the interests of many families, who have had occasion to trace their 
descent for pecuniary or less selfish purposes. 

Perhaps the most interesting monuments of the seventeenth century 
are those of the Lords Elphinstone, at Kildrummy (261); the Earls of 
Southesk, at Kinnaird (93) ; the Hays (75), and Barclays of Ury (80), 
and the Fothringhams of Powrie, at Murroes (122). Although relating 
to less conspicuous families, the tombs of the Gordons of Park, at Ordi- 
quhill (28) ; the Irvines of Monboddo, at Fordoun (62); the Strachans of 
Thornton, at Marykirk (133) and at Keith (165); the Durhams of 
Grange, at Monifieth (109); the Inneses of Edingight, at Grange (loi), 
of Mathie Mill, at St. Andrews, and of Coxton, at Lhanbryde (270-1) ; 
the Stratons of Kirkside, at St. Cyrus (376), are all noteworthy examples 
of the period ; as are those of the Grahams of Largie, the Ogilvys of 
Barras, and that of Mr. Grainger, minister of Kinneff (172), on whom the 
voice of his country has conferred the honourable title of the Preserver of 
its Regalia. The Martyrs' Monument at Dunottar Church is another 
object of national interest (50). It bears the names of many who suffered 
for a conscientious belief in the Protestant religion ; and its site is further 
remarkable as being the place where Sir Walter Scott met with Robert 



Paterson, while engaged in retouching the inscription — a circumstance 
which suggested to the great novehst the idea of Old Moj^tality. The 
tombs of the founders of the Duffs, Earls Fife, at Mortlach (328), as 
well as those of young Gordon of Glastirim, and that of Bishop Nicolson, 
the first Vicar-Apostolic of Scotland, both at Enzie (278), must be of 
general interest. 

But probably the most peculiar monuments of the above era are those 
of the Rev. Mr. Malcolm, and Roger and Euphan Rolok, at Airlie (-162). 
The former presents the Passion of Our Lord, carefully carved upon the 
copestone of the enclosure, and similar, in some respects, to the emblems 
upon the aumbry at Airlie Church {infra, p. 378); while the latter, 
with ornamental top, and vertically cut inscription, in raised characters, 
exhibits more of the Celtic type than any other noticed in this volume, 
although there are many and better examples of the same style in other 
parts of the country. 

Eighteenth-century tombstones are to be met with in every variety of 
form. Many of these are adorned, in the style of the preceding century, 
with armorial bearings, ingeniously constructed monograms, merchants' 
marks, mortuary emblems, and representations of instruments or tools 
Indicative of the occupations of the deceased. 

Some of the last-mentioned articles are singularly interesting, and 
now that many have been superseded by new Inventions, they are 
becoming of value to the antiquary, and to such as are fond of tracing the 
rise and progress of the useful arts. 

The Author has adverted to the peculiarities of some of these in his 
Memorials of Angus and tJic JMcarns (p. 195), as well as in several parts of 
this volume. In briefly referring here to a few of the most singular 
examples, it may be observed, that instead of the chalice, which was 
sculptured upon the earlier tombs of clergymen, open books became the 
fashion (265). That of a mill-stone picker (whose surname of ' Plckle- 
man ' had probably been assumed from his occupation) exhibits a mill- 
rind and a mill-stone pick (9). A cheese-press is upon the gravestone 


of a farmer's wife at Tannadice ; and the less appropriate figures of an 
inkstand and two penknives are carved upon that of a schoolmaster's 
wife at the same place (46). A shield upon the tomb of a ' moss-grieve,' 
or peat-moss superintendent, is charged with the appropriate emblems of 
a coil of rope and a pin or short stake for laying off the moss (251). 
The Author has never met with any other example of the last-mentioned 
articles; and the two spirit-measures and a bicker or drinking quaich, 
which are well represented upon the tomb of the infant son of a roadside 
merchant at Cupar-Angus (344), are new to him. 

In the more common cases of farmers and sailors, also of blacksmiths, 
weavers, and other artisans, the carvings indicative of their respective 
occupations are often accompanied by laudatory and uncouth rhymes, such 
as the following couplet from a headstone (350) at Farnell : — 

' The weaver's art, it is renowned so. 
That rich nor poor without it cannot go.' 

Although the writers of the epitaphs which adorn the tombs of the 
higher classes of society are pretty generally known, it is otherwise with 
the epitaphs in the north-east of Scotland relating to people in the middle 
and humbler walks of life, if we except such as were composed by the 
authors of ' The Minstrel,' ' Helenore,' ' Tullochgorm,' and a few other 

Although anonymous epitaphs are often as fantastic in conception as 
they are rude in execution, and although the same lines are found in 
different and distant parts of the country, still they frequently possess 
a vigour and individuality that in some measure compensate for their 
want both of polish and rhythm. At Monifieth, for example, in an inscrip- 
tion dated as far back as i 7 1 1, we have the germ, certainly in a rude enough 
form, of Lover's beautiful song of the ' Angel's Whisper' (i 12). 

A great many of our older epitaphs were probably written by 
parochial schoolmasters, many of whom not only possessed a considerable 
amount of poetical feeling, but did very much to foster and encourage 


healthy thought among their pupils. But besides schoolmasters, there 
were in Scotland, as in other countries, many other ' hobblers round the 
base of the Parnassus,' as the minor poets have been quaintly described, 
who had doubtless composed numbers of these rhymes, and possibly 
the most curious of the whole. 

By selecting examples of these, we have given in this volume a 
mixture of the grave and gay. Some of the epitaphs possess unquestion- 
able merit ; and although others are utterly worthless, still, as they serve to 
show the taste of the times in different districts, and in various classes 
of society, a collection like the present would have been incomplete 
without them. 

Those in the acrostic style (159, 183) are poor specimens ; and there 
are only two of a punning nature, one of which refers to the surname 
(319) and the other to the profession (224) of the persons commemorated. 
In the former, it is said of Mr. Joshua Durie, that, although he could 
no loncrer Qxxdure to live in this world, he Qwdjires and flourishes in 


the next ; and in the latter, we are assured that although the deceased 
was a learned grammarian, he neither would decline death nor could 
inflect fate ! 

One noticeable peculiarity in epitaphs is the oddly expressed oral 
warnings which the dead give to the living, and of which the following, 
from the tomb of a clergyman, is not the least peculiar : 

' This dormitory which thou sees 
Was once the object of my eyes ; 
But now my body is in dust, 
Thine also death will hither thrust' (57). 

Another feature is the confidence which epitaphs exhibit in the en- 
joyment of future happiness by the dead, and the means by which this 
felicity is represented as being attained are often very singular : — 

' He while on Earth mankind did aid 
And genarously befriend, 
For which we hope Almighty God 
Has bless'd his latter end. 


' He by God's blessing often did 
Lame people safe restore 
To wonted health, altho' their bones 
Were bruised very sore' (373). 

Some of the epitaphs contain quaint alkisions to accidental deaths. 
One, by Skinner of Longside, refers to an ancestor of Dr. Tait, the present 
Archbishop of Canterbury, who 'was killed by the fall of a stack of 
timber' (97). Another, at Kirkden, tells us that — 

' An old clay chimney that down fell, 
Kill'd both his servant and himsell ' (34). 

The death of a child by ' being drowned in a well ' is referred to at 
Maryton (236). We have also the drowning of two brothers, while in 
search of their father's sheep, recorded in a Latin inscription at Lochlee 
(130). The death of two other brothers by drowning also forms the 
theme of an epitaph by Dr. Beattie (295). But probably the most curious 
is one by Ross of Lochlee, which has reference to a youth who was 
accidentally burned to death among a quantity of heather : — 

' From what befalls us here below, 

Let none from thence conclude 

Our fate shall after time be so, — 

The young man's life was good' (12S). 

Of the enigmatical inscriptions given in the present work is one upon 
the tombstone of a blacksmith at Fearn : — ■ 

' Full seventy years he livd upon this earth, 
He livd to dye — the end of life is death — 
Here he was smith six lustres and three more, 
The third three wanted, it had but two before' (355). 

But it is not the Author's intention, in the meantime at least, to write 
an essay upon the peculiarities of the inscriptions which he has collected, 
although many odd instances could be enlarged upon, such as the submis- 
sive husband who 'died with the concurrence of his spouse' (145); the 


grateful woman who erected a monument to the memory of her ' first and 
beloved' husband 'with concent of his successor' (371), and the conside- 
rate son, 

' Who hindered not his father dear 
To sleep into his bed' (137)- 

These, and many similar points, as well as the still more interesting 
question of longevity, may be entered upon should the Author be spared 
to complete his work. But with respect to the question of longevity, he 
may state that, besides the casual notices of Peter Garden (209) and Lizzie 
Wilkin (365), who are said to have died respectively at the ages of 131 
and 103, the deaths of four other centenarians are recorded in this 
volume. Of the lives of two of these (147, 370) little has been told. 
The others have been more fortunate. One, who died at the age of 
no, was a sergeant-major in the rebel army at Culloden, and enjoyed a 
pension from George IV. (219); while the other was twice married, 
and had twenty-six children by his two wives, as he himself quaintly 
tells us, in thus speaking from his tomb ! — 

' In Wedlock's Band ue Procreat 
Lauffully us Betuix, 
Loues Pledges, whos Right number wer, 
Euen tuo tymes tenne and Six.' 

Notices of nonagenarians and octogenarians occur in all parts of 
the volume. But the most remarkable instances are given from eight 
tombstones which stand within the area of the picturesque ruins of the 
Kirk of Cowie (53-4). It appears from these that the united ages of ten 
persons — five males and five females — amount to the long period of 877 

Among the octogenarians at Cowie are the father and paternal aunt 
of the late Cosmo Innes, the celebrated literary antiquary, whose name 
must ever be dear to the lovers of Scottish history, and doubly so to 
those who had the pleasure of enjoying his acquaintance. 


Little did the Author think, when Mr. Innes was urging the pub- 
lication of this volume, for which he kindly supplied some particulars, 
that he so soon should have to speak of him as 'one of the past.' 
Although Mr, Innes, who died on 31st July 1874, had attained his 
75th year, he possessed much of the buoyancy of youth, both in 
feeling and sentiment ; and down to the very last he continued to com- 
municate information to kindred spirits, with the geniality and exactness 
which are so characteristic of the true gentleman and the profound 

Mr. Innes, who was born in the old mansion-house of Durris, in 
Kincardineshire, was Professor of History in the University of Edinburo-h. 
He was also a Principal Clerk of Session ; and on opening the Second 
Division of that Court on 15th October 1874, the Lord Justice-General 
Inglis concluded some feeling remarks on the death of Lord Benholm 
with this tribute to the memory of Mr. Innes : — ' Nor do the calamities 
which have befallen us end here. We shall see no more at our table the 
pleasant and friendly face of Mr. Cosmo Innes, a man whose varied 
accomplishments added lustre to the body to which he belono-ed, and 
distinction to the office which he held. His loss will be long deplored by 
a much wider circle than that which frequents these halls ; and having 
enjoyed his friendship and intimacy for more than forty years, I cannot 
refrain from paying this imperfect tribute to his memory.' 

Apart from the portion of this volume which deals with Epitaphs 
and Inscriptions, the most valuable and interesting will probably be 
the hitherto unpublished documents so kindly lent by the late Earl of 
Dalhousie and others. But for these, the interesting notices concerning 
the life of Mr. Edward of Murroes would still have been matter for 
conjecture. Neither would it have come so clearly to our knowledge 
that, in 1701, the Earl of Panmure, and certain others of the nobility 
and gentry of Scotland, with a view to the improvement of the useful 
and ornamental arts of their country, proposed to send a son of Mr. 


Edward's to the Continent, to study, sketch, and report upon the more 
important works in architecture, mining, planting, etc. (122-3). 

Besides the interesting facts connected with Mr. Edward and his 
family. Churchmen will find in this volume many particulars respecting 
others of their old brethren, such as Mr. Dempster of Monifieth, father of 
the first Dempster of Dunnichen (108) ; and also a letter from the parson 
of Fettercairn, who took the wise precaution to have his vestments 
and ' ye silver chalice ' returned to him by his cousin, the Laird of Car- 
myllie, in 1523, for 'feir' of an uptaking of the thirds of the benefices 

(352). . 

And now that the presentation to Scotch parish churches by heritors 

and others is numbered among the things that were, the quaint phraseo- 
logy used in the presentation to the Kirk of Carmyllie by the laird and 
his curators in 1609 will be looked upon with interest {343). Nor can 
Lord Strathnairn's great-grandfather's own account of how he was ' sup- 
ported' during his incumbency as Episcopal minister at Lochlee (382) 
be perused without a feeling that this worthy man had not only been 
strong in faith, but that, like the Israelites of old, he and his family must 
have been fed upon manna. 

The curious letter from Erskine of Dun to his uncle, the Laird of 
Panmure, in which he pleads for a marriage between his neighbour, the 
young laird of Bonnington, and a daughter of Mr. Maule's, will please even 
those who have little or no turn for antiquarian lore, and may supply 
hints to such as take a delight in the generally thankless task of 
'match-making' (389). 

The letter in which Earl Marischal promises rather to break 'his 
necke and fortun,' than to fail in his agreement with those who became 
security for his ' good behaviour,' presents many points worthy of being 
laid to heart both by peers and commercial men in our own day (353). 
It shows, at the same time, how much the education of this grandson of 
the founder of Marischal College had been neglected, as compared with 
that of his friend and contemporary, the Earl of Kinghorn. 


The inventories of the outfit of the latter, when he went to study 
at St. Andrews, and of his winter's clothing, in 1655, are most interest- 
ing- ; while his letter to young Arbuthnott of Findowrie, dated from the 
Camp at Strathblane, offering him the command of a company of horse 
in the Angus regiment in 1685, is highly characteristic of the dignified 
cavalier of that eventful period (386-8). 

The account of the funeral charges of a grand-daughter of the same 
laird of Findowrie, who ' died of a decay ' or consumption in 1 704, throws 
much light upon the funeral customs of the period, and contains many 
items of expense not now to be dreamt of (383). 

The first Feu-Charter of Balfour, in the parish of Kingoldrum, granted 
by Cardinal Beaton, 20th February 1539, to James Ogilvy of Cookstone, 
in Airlie, is of considerable interest, in so far as it contains a pretty full, 
if not a complete, list of the members of the Convent of Arbroath at that 
date {385). Ogilvys, possibly ancestors of Cookstone, leased Balfour 
from about 1478 ; and although tradition asserts that the castle was built 
by Cardinal Beaton, the Charter in question may be taken as proof of the 
contrary. The old houses of Claypots, Colliston, and Ethie are also said 
to have been built by the Cardinal as residences for female favourites ; 
but documentary evidence shows that these were erected long after his 
time by the respective proprietors of the lands. Indeed, the Castle of 
Melgund is the only house that the Cardinal is known to have erected 
in Angus ; and there his own initials are to be seen, together with those 
of Marion Ogilvy, who was the mother of a family by him, and probably 
his wife, by that sort of morganatic marriage which was frequent among 
churchmen in Roman Catholic times. 

The ' testificatione ' anent the wasting of Naver by ' the malitious 
enemie of this kirke and kingdome,' and the destruction of the minister's 
' buikes ' and other property by ' barbarous heighelanders,' conveys a 
fair enough idea of the evils attendant upon a civil war, and the hard- 
ships which the people of those days — both lay and clerical — had to 
undergo (389). This paper cannot fail to carry to the mind of every 


reader the conviction, that the social condition of Scotland is far better 
now than it ever was in ' the good old times,' so highly lauded by writers 
of a certain class, and that the blessings of peace and freedom are cheaply 
purchased at any price, however great. 

The old rentals of West Ferry of Dundee and Monifieth show that 
there was a considerable population, as well as shops, in these parts some 
two hundred and thirty years ago; and no doubt some of the local 
farmers, merchants, and others will be pleased to find mention therein 
made of namesakes, if not ot ancestors (380-1). 

Although not consistent with the dignity of agriculturists of the 
present time, the quaint manner in which the unlettered miller of Coully- 
can preferred his claim to the laird of Troup for a renewal of the lease of 
his mill must be looked upon as a curiosity in its way (87). Still, how- 
ever strange it may seem, there is evidence to show that, even in recent 
times, similar arguments have been frequently employed for similar pur- 
poses by tillers of the soil in Scotland. 

Inscriptions from funeral and other monuments have been collected 
and printed in most countries, and their value has been admitted not 
only by historians, but by all who take an interest in the past and future 
of a people or a country. 

Scotland is by no means destitute of such collections. Many valuable 
inscriptions are Incorporated with local histories ; but the first collection, 
properly so called, was made by Robert Montelth, the son of an Edin- 
burgh merchant. This unfortunate author, who was minister first at 
Borgue and next at Carrington, was deposed for drunkenness In the 
year 1685 (Scott's Fasti). Neither the time of Montelth's death nor 
the place of his burial Is known. His book Is entitled Theater of 
Mortality, 2SiA the first part, comprising 'Illustrious Inscriptions' from 
the burial-grounds of Edinburgh and Its neighbourhood, appeared In 
1704, and the second part, containing 'a further collection of Funeral 


Inscriptions over Scotland,' was published in 171 3. Both parts were 
reprinted at Glasgow in 1834, with eighty pages of ' Additional Inscrip- 
tions,' professedly collected from numerous burial-places in Scotland, but 
which appear to have been chiefly copied from local histories, magazines, 
and newspapers. Although the Author has, as yet, had little occasion 
to make use of Monteith's collection, he has tested its accuracy in many 
ways, and can speak of it as a trustworthy and valuable work. 

Brown's Epitaphs and Moimmental Inscriptio7is in Greyfriars Church- 
Yard, Edinbzu'gh, published in 1867, is also an excellent work. Besides 
the more modern inscriptions, it contains a number of reprints from Mon- 
teith, duly acknowledged as such by the editor. It also possesses a 
valuable introduction by David Laing, Esq., LL.D., of the Signet 
Library, Edinburgh, and some interesting extracts from the Records of 
the Town Council of that city. 

The Mommients and Monumental Inscriptio7is in Scotland, printed 
for the Grampian Club (187 1-3), and edited by the Rev. Charles Rogers, 
LL.D., is in two volumes. Besides other matter, these volumes embrace 
a reprint of the greater part of the Glasgow edition of Monteith, also 
over 360 epitaphs and inscriptions, copied from the imcorrccted versions 
of the papers upon these subjects which the Author of this work con- 
tributed to the Montrose Standard newspaper, as noticed by him in a 
letter which appeared in the Scotsman of 12th January 1874. 

These papers, as stated in the Preface, formed the nucleus of the 
present volume. They were corrected and supplemented after appear- 
ing in the Montrose Standard, but thirty-five of the notices (as detailed 
in the subjoined footnote) ^ are not given in this volume. These may 

These were notices of the parishes of — 






Leslie (Fife). 









Mary Culter. 







Cortachy and Clova. 






Rathen (Aberdeen). 


St. Mary's (Craig). 

St. Skae. 




TuUich (Aberdeen). 


possibly appear in an amplified and more interesting form at some future 

In the course of publication, which extended from January 1868 to 
November 1874, these contributions frequently contained strictures upon 
ill-kept burial-grounds. Although these are omitted in the volume, the 
Author has been gratified to learn that his remarks have led to the 
improvement of many of those interesting and hallowed spots. He 
earnestly hopes that the good work will continue to be carried out 
wherever it is found needful, until the now too just reproach of ' out 
of sight out of mind ' — as applied to the last resting-places of our fore- 
fathers — be wiped out, and give place to the grateful and humanizing 
sentiment of — 

Though lost to sight, to memory dear. 

Old Kirk-yard of Edzell. 


Sf Jnsci^i 






THE church of Banchorytarny^ with lands in 
the locality, were granted to the Abbey of 
Arbroath by AVilliam the Lion. The church be- 
longed to the diocese of Aberdeen. 

It is said that S. Ternan died at Banchory, 
A.D. 440, and that a church was built over his 
remains. It is probable that Banchory was an 
early seat of learning, since Camerarius speaks 
of some of the old Scotch saints having been edu- 
cated at the monastery of Banchory. 

Tradition says that some of the buildings stood 
in the present bed of the Dee, opposite the kirk ,• 
and I am informed by Mr Steuart, inspector of 
poor, that "a few years ago, when a pathway 
was being made along the brink of the river from 
Banchory Lodge to the Railway Station, the men 
employed dug up a small square hell."' Possibly 
this was the j-onecht, or bell of Banchory-Ternan, 
which is said to have been presented to the Saint 
by Pope Gregory the Great ; but, unfortunately, 
this interesting relic has been lost sight of. 

Notices of the ownership of the bell by John 
Stalker (1490) "be reson of heritage pertening and 
VOL. I. 

mowyn to hyme be his vife," and the possession 
of- " the Deray Croft of Banquhoriterne," are 
on record (Reg. Ep. Abd.) ; also legends of the 
bell having the power of following S. Ternan, of 
its own accord, when on liis religious pilgrimages ! 
The new church, built in 1824, has a modern 
bell — that upon " the watch-house" in the church- 
yard, which is tolled at funerals, bears :— 


The burial-ground lies in a hollow, or come, 
on the north bank of the Dee. It contains 
a number of monuments ; but all trace of the 
"cross church" has disappeared; also the "isle 
for the Burnets of Leyes." The site of their aisle 
is marked by an enclosure, in which there is a 
tablet thus inscribed : — 

lu memory of Charles-Spearman Burnett, 
youngest sou of James H. Burnett, Esq. of Ar- 
beadie, and Caroline his wife ; born 20th July 1835, 
died 21st June 1836. [Mark x. 15.] 
— The erector of this tablet (the ninth, and pre- 
sent baronet of Crathes), is directly descended 
from Alexander Burnett who had a grant from 
Robert the Bruce, 1324, of the lands of Killie- 
nach Clerach (Candieglerach), and others in the 
same neighbourhood. The Burnetts were also 


king's foresters in the North, and a small hunting- 
horn of ivory at Crathes, set with garnets, is said 
to have been given by Bruce to the first Burnett 
of Leys. 

The celebrated Bishop Burnett (v. Keith- 
hall) -was the son of a younger brother of Leys ; 
and a continental amour of one of the lairds is 
celebrated in the ballad of the " Baron of Leys." 

Their residence of Crathes, built about , is 

a fine example of the Scoto-Franco style of 
architecture, being pretty similar to the castles 
of Glamis, Craigievar, and Muchals. Billings 
gives three plates of Crathes in his Baronial 
and Ecclesiastical Antirjuities of Scotland. 

An enclosure on the north-east of the church- 
yard of Banchory-Ternan contains three mural 
tablets of red granite. Upon the centre slab : — 

In memory of Thomas Eamsay, second son of 
Sir Alex''. Ramsay of Balmain, Bart., and of his 
wife Dame Elizabeth, daughterof Sir Alexr. Banner- 
man, Bart. He was a Captain in H. B. M.'s Army, 
served in the Peninsula and at Waterloo : born 
24th Feb. 1786, died 18th Deer. 1857, aged 71. 
And also of Thomas Ramsay, R.N., second son of 
the above Capt. T. Eamsay, and of Margaret, 
daughter of Sir Robert Burnett of Lej's, Bart., his 
second wife, born 13th Jany. 1S2S, died 17th Jauy. 
1856, aged 28. 

— Capt. T. Ramsay's first wife was Jane, a 
daughter of Pat. Cruickshank of Stracathro, Esq., 
by whom he had the above-named Wm., also 
Catherine, and two other daughters. Upon right- 
hand side of the above : — 

Catherine Ramsay, second daughter of Capt. 
T. Eamsay, and Jane Cruickshank, born April 16, 
1822, died Augt. 21, 1843, aged 21. [Luke xii. 40.] 

The third slab bears : — 

William Bdrnett-Ramsay of Banchory Lodge, 
late Captain in H. M. 's Rifle Brigade, and Lieut. - 
Colonel of the Forfar and Kincardineshire Militia 
Artillery, born 11th April 1821, died 6th Nov. 1865. 
[John xix. 25.] 

— A fountain, constructed of granite, has been 
erected at Banchory, by subscription, to the me- 
mory of Capt. Ramsay. He was a nephew of the 

Very Reverend Dean Ramsay of Edinburgh, and 
succeeded to the estates of his grand-uncle. Gen. 
Burnett, a monument to whose memory, upon 
Scultie Hill, is thus inscribed : — 

Erected to the memory of General William 
Burnett of Banchory Lodge— born 19 Feb. 1762, 
died 7 Feb. 1839— by his numerous Friends and 
Tenantry, 1842. 

The burial aisle of the Douglasses of Tilwhilly, 
a plain building with slated roof, stands near the 
middle of the kirkyard. The initials and date of 

J. D : M. A : 1775, 
upon the door lintel, refer to John Douglass 
and his wife Mary, sister to the sixth Viscount 
Arbuthnott. To their only son, a marble monu- 
ment (inside) bears this inscription : — 

Here lies Interr'd among his Ancestors, John 
Douglass of Tilliwhilly, Advocate, who died at 
Edini'. March Gth 1773, in the 36th year of his Age, 
and in his Fathei-'s lifetime. He was only son of 
John Douglass and Mary Arbuthnott, was early 
educate in principles of true religion, which ap- 
pear'd well in him all his Life. O ! Eeader, here 
drop a Tear for a young man so soon cutt off. But 
let this comfort thee, that he has gain'd infinitely 
by dying, for Blessed are the dead that die in the 
Lord ; and we have reason to believe that his 
righteous soul is now in a happy state, waiting for 
the resurrection of his body to eternal life. 
— The above is built in the south-east corner of 
the vault : The next is near it : — 

In memory of Mrs Hannah Douglass, widow of 
the late John Douglass of Tilwhilly, advocate, and 
daughter of the late Sir G. L. A. Colquhoun of 
Tillj'quhoun, Bart., who departed this life 10th 
Api'il 1835, aged S3 years, and lies interred here, 
in the same grave with her husband. This tablet 
is placed as a small testimony of respect and affec- 
tion by her only surviving son, G. L. A. Douglass, 
advocate. She lived beloved, and died lamented. 
Blessed are the dead that died in the Lord. Eev. 
xiv. 13. 
Upon a marble slab in the south-west corner : — 

Here lies the body of John Douglass of Til- 
whilly, who died on the 6th of July 1812, in the 
40th year uf his iige. Here lies also the body of his 


only brother, George-Lewis-Augustus Douglass, 
Sheriff- Depute of Kincardineshire, who died on the 
30th of October 1847, in the 76th year of his age. 
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the 
life. John xi. 25. 

— From a dark grey granite slab, built into the 
wall above the last-noticed : — 

In memory of John Douglass of Tilquhillie, and 
of Falkenhorst (Thueringen Vorarlberg, Austria.) 
Born at Inchmarlo, March 28, 1804 ; died at Til- 
quhillie, October 11, 1870. 

— Quotations from John xiv. 12 ; v. 28 ; and ix. 
25 (slightly destroyed by damp), are painted upon 
the plaster on the north wall. 

The Douglasses had a pretty early settlement 
on Deeside, it having been about 1479 that David 
Douglass, a cadet of Douglass of Dalkeith, married 
the heiress of Ogston of that Ilk and Tilwhilly. 
The Douglasses have possessed Tilwhilly from that 
time, with the exception of from about 1812 to 
1857, when it belonged to Henry Lumsden, 
Esq., advocate, Aberdeen, from whom, or his 
heirs, it was reacquired by the Douglasses 
during the last-mentioned year. The castle of 
Tilwhilly, dated 1576, and now occupied by the 
tenant of the farm, is in a tolerable state of repair. 
Bishop Douglass of Salisbury, born at Pitten- 
weem, in Fife, was descended of this family. 

A marble slab, set in granite (on east side of 
the Tilwhilly aisle), is thus inscribed : — 

1730, First monument erected ; Second in 1776 ; 
and this by the Pievd. Dr Leslie of Fordoun, in 
1842. Hie Jacent Keverendi Magistri Jacobus 
Reid, a familia de Pitfodels oriundus, Bancho- 
riensis Ecclesice Pastor a Eeformatione primus ; 
KoBEKTUS Eeid, dicti Jacobi filius, et Eobertus 
Keid, Roberti dicti nepos, uterque Ecclesi;B ejus- 
dem Pastores. Hie Jacent Magister Thomas Reid, 
qui obijt in Eslie, anno setatis 76 ; et Joanna 
Burnet, ejus conjux, quas obiit anno ajtatis 90. 
Necron Thomas Reid, quondam in Pitenkirie, qui 
monumentum hoc erigicuravit, et obiit, 31 Januarii 
1733, ajtatis suae 76, et Agnes Ferguson, ejus con- 
jux, quas obiit 21 die Decembris, 1728, ^tatis 70. 
Petrus PiEiD et Catherina Reid, eorum liberi. 

[Here lie the Rev''. Mr James Reid, a de- 

scendant of the family of Pitfodels, the first pastor 
of the church of Banchory after the Reformation ; 
the Rev. Mr Robert Reid, son of the said James ; 
and the Revd- Robert Eeid, grandson of the said 
Robert, both ministers of the same church. Here 
lie Mr Thomas Reid, who died in Eslie, in the 
76th year of his age, and Joanna Burnet, his wife, 
who died in the 90th year of her age. Also Thomas 
Reid, formerly in Pitenkirie, who caused this mon- 
ument to be erected, and who died 31st Jan. 1733, 
in the 76th year of his age ; and Agnes Ferguson, 
his wife, who died 22st Dec. 1728, in the 70th year 
of her age ; Peter Reid, and Catharine Reid, 
their children] 

—The first-named Mr Robert Reid was succeeded 
by Mr Alex. Cant. Mr Alex. C. was deposed 
before 4th Nov. 1661, as of that date the Earl of 
Panmure, being sufficiently informed of his 
"doctrine, lyffe, and good conversatioue," issued 
a presentation in favour of Mr George Innes, 
minister of Dipple. It was subsequent to this 
that the second Mr Robert Reid became minister 
of the parish. Thomas, son of James Reid, after 
travelling over Europe, became Greek and Latin 
Secretary to James VI.,. and some of his Latin 
poems are printed in Johnston's Delltiai Poetarum 
Scotorum. He founded the office of librarian at, 
and made valuable additions to the library of 
Marischal College, Aberdeen, among which is a 
Hebrew Bible, supposed of the 12th century. 
Another son, Alexander, physician to Chas. I., 
published several professional works, and be- 
queathed books and money to King's College, 
Aberdeen ; also money to his native parish for 
educational purposes. The Robert of 1620 was 
grand -father to Dr Thomas Reid, author of the 
Inquiry into the Human Mind. The Reids of 
Pitfodels were sprung of a burgess family of 
Aberdeen. Dr Leslie who erected the third and 
existing monument, from which the above in- 
scription is copied, was related to the Reids 
through his mother. From another slab : — 

Georgius Read, M.D., in Classe Britanuica diu, 
dein Londini, medendi arte functus, natalis soli 
desiderio tactus non inutile senium, sed quietum 
apud suos confecit, et inter majores ossa condi 
voluit, anno 1754, 87 retatis. 


[Gkorge Read, M.D., after practising tlie art of 
healing in the British Navy, and theu in London 
for many years, feeling a desire to revisit his native 
soil, spent his declining years usefully but quietly 
among his friends, and wished his bones to rest 
beside those of his ancestors. He died in 1754, in 
his 87th year.] 

From a mural tablet, within au enclosure, on 
left of churchyard gate : — 

In memory of Duncan Davidson, of Tillychetly 
and luchmarlo, born I7th March 1773, died 8th 
Dec. 1849. And of his wife, Frances-Mary Pirie, 
born 29th April 178G, died 15th Nov. 1859. 
— Mr Davidson, whose ancestors came from 
Tarland, was an advocate in Aberdeen, and 
bought the prettily situated house and property 
of Inchmarlo from Mr Leslie of Warthill. The 
house of Inchmarlo was built by Mr Douglass of 
Tilwhilly, from whom the property passed to Mr 
Walter S. Davidson, a banker in London, and a 
son of a minister of Rayne. luchmerlach and 
Arbady (Arbeadie) were wrongously held from 
the Earl of Angus by Cumin of Culter in 1479 
(Acta Dom.) Upon a flat stone, at eastside of 
Crathes aisle : — 

Sub hoc marmore requiescunt Reverendus Ma- 
gister RoBERTUS Burnet de Sauchen, qui pastoral! 
officio apud hanc ecclesiam . . . sedecim auuos 
functus est, et obiit decimo octavo die mensis Junii 
anno supra millesimum septingentesimo primo, et 
aitatis su£e quinquagesimo tertio; necnon Joanna 
Eeid, sponsa eius, quse obiit 9no die mensis Aprilis, 
anno 17-2, ietatis sute -3. 

[Uuderneath this marble rest the Rev. Robert 
Burnet of Sauchen, who was minister of this church 
for 16 years, and died 18th June 1701, in his 53d 
year ; and Joanna Reid, his spouse, who died 9th 
April 17-2, in the -3d year of her age.] 
— Sauchen, once Huntly property, was acquired 
by Burnets, between 1662 and 1673. On 24th 
February 1699, the minister of Banchory, who 
was some time at Fintray, was served heir to his 
father Thomas, in the lands of Sauchen and 
others (Retours, Abd.) His wife is said to have 
been a daughter of his predecessor at Banchory. 
Mr Burnet was succeeded in Sauchen, first by 

a son, and tlien by a grandson, on whose death, 
in the year 1770, the property passed to the 
female line (v. Cluny.) 

At the top of the last-noticed slab stands a 
small round-headed stone, with the date of 1716, 
also DMS. in monogram. The initials, T.S. 
and M.S. are upon another part of it ; but the 
inscription is ill to decipher, though the letters 

MARGT sc and the date of 

1716, are clear enough. If fully read, the in- 
scription would probably be found to have some 
connection with JMartin Sciiank, who (as shewn 
by an extract from the Presbytery Records 
of Kincardine O'Neil, kindly communicated by 
the Rev. Mr Mackenzie, Aboyne), became min- 
ister of Banchory on 7th Oct. 1694, and died 
18th April 1747. Mr Schank married Margaret 
Dauney in April 1698, and at the time of hia 
death he was a widower, with an only son, named 
Alexander, " above the age of sixteen years." 
This son bequeathed £100 to the poor of Ban- 
chory, became designed of the property of Castle- 
rig in Fife, to which ultimately succeeded the 
Rev. Mr Alexander Shank of St Cyrus (v. Lau- 

Mr Schank was succeeded in Banchory by Mr 
George Campbell, afterwards a professor in, and 
principal of IMarischal College, Aberdeen, author 
of a Treatise on Miracles, &c. It was upon the 
removal of Mr C. to Aberdeen in 1757 that Mr 
Dauney came from Lumphanan to Banchory- 
Tcrnan : — 

Memoria; S. M. Margaret.e Chalmers, viri 
Reverendi Mi;i Francisci Dauney, Bauchoriensis 
Ternani pastoris, conjugis, quaj obiit 9>i.o Januarii 
1790, aitat 64. Necnon C atharin.e Dauney, eorum 
filiai, quse obiit 7™" Junii 1787, .-etat. 34, Quatuor 
liberi, qui in teneris annis obierunt, juxta re- 
quiescunt. Ac etiam memorife S, M. pra^fati 
Mri Francisci Dauney, prius Lumphanani, pos- 
terius hujus ecclesiaj per annos LVIII pastoris, 
qui annum retatis LXXXII agens obiit 2do Aprilis 

[Sacred to the memory of Margaret Chalmers, 
wife of the Rev. Mr F. Dauney, minister of Ban- 
chory Ternan, who died 9th Jan. 1790, in her 64th 
year. Also of Catharine Dauney, their daughter, 


who died 7th June 1787, in her 34th year. Four 
children, who died in infancy, rest beside them. 
Sacred also to the memory of the foresaid Mr Fkancis 
Dauney, minister, first at Lumphanan, and after- 
wards of this church for 58 years, who died 2d 
April 1800, in the 82d year of his age.] 

— Mr Dauney is said to have been in every re- 
spect a good example of the clergyman of the old 
school. Some anecdotes are still told of him on 
Deeside : among others, it is said, that in Mr 
Dauney's old age Mr Douglass of Tilwhilly charged 
him publicly on some occasion with inability to 
perform his parochial duties. This Mr Dauney 
determined to disprove, and one Sunday, while the 
laird was in church, he preached " two turns of 
the sand glass," and was about to commence a 
third, when Mr Douglass moved to leave the 
church, upon which Mr Dauney exclaimed, with 
emphasis — " Will you say noo, Tilwhilly, that I 
canna insist ?" (i.e. preach.) 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. JAires Gre- 
gory, minister of Bancbory-Ternan, who died on 
the 8th Sept. 1829, in the 83d year of his age, and 
52d of his ministry, having been first pastor to the 
congregation of the Gilcomston Chapel of Ease, 
Aberdeen, from which charge he was translated to 
this parish in the year 1800. Also to the memory 
of Elizabeth, his daughter, who died here 3d 
January 1827. 

Upon a flat slab : — 

1720 : Hie quiescit corpus Iacobi Farquhar in 
Lochtoun de Leys, qui obiit 24 die Septembris, 
1712, sptatis suse 5-; ejusque conjugis dilectse 
CHRISTIAN.9E Spalden, quse obiit 25 die Septembris, 
1719, astatis sua; 59. 

[Here rests the body of James Farquhar in 
Lochtoun of Leys, who died 24th Sep. 1712, in the 
5-th year of his age. Here also rests the body of 
his beloved spouse, Christian Spalden, who died 
25th Sep. 1719, in her 59th year.] 

From a flat slab : — 

Here lyes William Mair, who departed this 
lyfe Janry. 20, 1710, aged 81 ; and Margret 
Burnet, his spouse, who departed Aprile 28, 1708, 
aged 72 years. 

A fiat stone, with the Reid arms nicely carved, 

also mortuary emblems, and a monogram com- 
posed of a merchant's mark, and the initials A. E.., 
bears the following : — 

Here lyes Alexander Eetd, son to Alexander 
Reid, Merchant in Abd., indweller in Banchory, 
who departed this life March 26, 1717, student at 
the King's College in Old Abd., in the 15 year of 
his age : — 

and on 

My last words cast an eye : — 
Old and young, take Christ your rock. 
And prepare to die. 

Gross and vulgar mynds take flight, 

This to God's glory, my salv^n., & my parents' 
shyning light. 
Haberem eum tanquam amissurus, amisi tanquam 

[I would have him as if I were about to lose 
him — I have lost him as if I had him — i.e., While 
I had my son, I always wished to be prepared for 
his loss, and now that I have lost him, I feel as if 
I still had him. ] 

Alex. Rhaedus de Glasel, obiit 24 Augti anno 
1726, a^tatis 57. Also Margaret Reid, aged 2 
years ; Mary Reid, 1 4 years ; and Thomas Reid, 
aged 1 year, all children to Alexr. Reid. 

Quern amabas extulisti; quajre quern ames; satius 
est amicum reparare quam Here. 

[Thou hast borne to the grave him whom thou 
lovedst ; seek another to love ; it is better to replace 
a friend than to mourn his loss. ] 

From an adjoining head-stone : — 

To the memory of George Donald, late farmer 
in Bocharen, in the parish of Straen. When living, 
he maintained a fair character, and was a loving 
Husband, an Indulgent Parent to a prosperous 
family whom Providence had blest him with. He 
died Sep. the 29, 1766, aged 81 years. A. D : M. D. 
This stone was erected by the sons of the above 

William Collie, farmer in Lightwood, "after 
living as a dutiful and examplary parent, finished 
this transitorj- Life," 14 Nov. 1772, aged 61 years: — 

Wake thoughtful in this sacred place. 

Where our remains do lie ; 

And meditate most seriously, 

One day that thou most die. 
Deep silence where Eternity begins. 


Near north wall of burial-ground : — 

Sacred to the memory of Howard L. Tkew, R. N. , 
son of Henry and Phebe Allen Trew, Grove Cottage, 
Banchory, 13 Feb. 1861. 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Sacred to the memory of Williaw Shaw, born 
in Inveraven, Dec. 27, 1757, died at Bellfield, in 
this parish, on the 19th Dec. 1833 ; also of his only 
child Elspet, spouse of Dr Adams, who died on 27th 
Dec. 1845, in her 46th year. Isabella Elder, wife 
of William Shaw, died at Bellfield, Dec. 1849, aged 
80 years. Francis Adams, M. D. , LL. D. , translator 
of "Paulas ^gineta," "Hippocrates," and other 
learned works, died at Bellfield, 26th Feb. 1861, 
aged 64 years. Eliza. Dauney, his second daugh- 
ter, died in Aberdeen, 2d Jan. 1862, aged 30 years. 
Francis, his third son, Lieut. 37th Madras Grena- 
diers, died at Jeypore, Madras Presidency, 10th 
Dec. 1862, aged 28 years. William-James, his 
eldest son, surgeon, died at Bellfield, 25th June 
1865, aged 39 years. Elizabeth Forbes, wife of 
William-James Adams, died at Bellfield, 10th Jan. 
1863, aged 29 years. Isabella-Hay Adams, only 
child of W. J. Adams and E. Forbes, died at Peter- 
head, on 22d March 1866, aged 3 years and 7 months. 
George, an infant son, and Jessie Adams, grand- 
daughter of Dr Adams, are also interred here. An 
infant grandson died at Kamptee, Central India, 
5th Sep. 1858, aged 3 days. 

— The above-named Mr Shaw was long post- 
master at Banchory-Ternan. Dr Adams (whose 
father was gardener at Aboyne, afterwards far- 
mer at Ordenhove), commenced practice in Luni- 
phanan, from whence he removed to Banchory. 
The following inscription, composed by Professor 
Geddes of Aberdeen, is from a granite obelisk 
at Bellfield : — 

In memoriam Francisci Adams, M.D., LL.D., 
medicorum omnium, quotquot Scotia tulit, literarum 
thesauris necnon scientiarum opibus eruditissimi. 
Diu in hae valle reducta, ab aula et academia pro- 
cul, mediciiiaj simul et musis, vir vere Apollinaris 
fideliter inserviit. Natus Lumphanani III. Id. 
Mart. MDCCXCVI. Mortuus Banchoriaj IV. Kal. 
Mart. MDCCCLXI. Carissimi capitis desiderio 
amici posuere. 

[In memory of Francis Adams, M.D., LL.D., 
who surpassed all the physicians that Scotland has 

produced in the extent of his literary and scientific 
attainments. In this secluded valley, far from Hall 
and University, a true votary of Apollo, he long 
and faithfully served at once medicine and the 
muses. He was born at Lumphanan, 13th March 
1796, and died at Banchory, 26th Feb. 1861. This 
monument was erected by his friends in token of 
their regret for the loss of one whom they held 
very dear.] 

The great district of country which lies be- 
tween Crathes and the Hill of Fair appears to 
have been early peopled, and of considerable im- 
portance in old times. There was a crannoge, or 
lake dwelling, in the now drained Loch of Leys, in 
and about which some interesting bronze relics 
have occasionally been discovered {y. Proceed. 
So. Antiq. of Scot., vol. vi.) In addition to this, 
there is reason to suppose that Kilduthie, about a 
mile from the Loch of Leys, was the seat of a 
religious house at a remote period. If so, the kirk 
or chapel had probably been inscribed to S. 
Duthac, who had several dedications in Scot- 
land, the chief of which was at Tain. 

On the west side of the parish, near that pretty 
spot where the Canny joins the Dee, stood the 
wood or forest of Trustach, which Alan the Dur- 
ward bestowed upon the monks of Arbroath, 
1203-14. In this locality are traces of old earth- 
works, which some suppose to have been the 
dykes of a camp, others those of an ancient town- 

But the ruins of the Castle of Cluny-Crichton 
(near Raemoir), dated 16G6, and the fragment of 
a coffin slab, which exhibits the top of a wheel- 
cross, built into a dyke near the manse, together 
with part of the old market cross, in the last-named 
locality, are, along with the castles of Crathes 
and Tilwhilly, probably the most tangible of the 
existing monuments of antiquity in Bancbcy^ 

A very good account of the antiquities, &c., of 
Banchory is given in the Rev. Mr Anderson's 
Statistical Account of the parish ; but the best 
history of ancient Banchory is in the Antiquities 
of Aberdeen and Banff (Spald. Club.) Guide 
Books contain modern histories of it ; and a 


pamphlet — " Banchory-Ternan Sixty Years Ago" 
— lias much that is interesting regarding the 
distiict, as well as an account of the cantrips of 
" The Witch of BalJarroch," which happened 
some thirty years ago. These, which were en- 
quired into by lawyers, and are celebrated by more 
than one local poet, turned out to be nothing 
more than the ingenious freaks of a servant girl, 
though believed by many at the time to be the 
work of supernatural agency ! 

The date of 1798 is upon the bridge of Dee 
near the village of Banchory. In 1862 an iron- 
girder bridge, with stone piers, was erected about 
four miles below the bridge of Dee, chiefly at the 
cost of Mr Mactier, late of Durris. The bridge 
of Feugh, which crosses the river of that name on 
the south side of the Dee, is a singularly romantic 
object, and has been frequently sketched and 

^ Ii c V U m tt a . 


f^HE kirk of Ahirlemenavh belonged to St An- 
3L drews, and was dedicated, along with a great 
many other churches in that diocese, by Bishop 
David in 1242 (Robertson's Concilia Scotise, 
vol. i.) In 1275-9 (Reg. Vet. de Aberbrothoc), 
the church was taxed at 20 merks. 

It was dependent upon the Priory of Rostinoth, 
and, along with that house, became attached to 
the Abbey of Jedburgh. From a memorandum 
of 18th Jan. 1230, it appears that the church of 
Aberlemnach was in the gift of " Mr John" 
(jMisceh Aldhar.^ This was possibly John Roman, 
or Romanus, " of the city of Antine, our writer," 
arch-deacon of York, who, in 1239, " for the good 
and services he did to the Roman church for a 
considerable time," had an annual pension of 100s., 
and was recommended by the Pope to the Abbot 
and Convent of Jedburgh, to have " some suit- 
able or competent ecclesiastical benefice such as 
is given to, or conferred on secular clergy, as soon 
as any falls vacant." 

On 24th October 1482, Mr David Stewart, 
pensioner of Rostinoth, held the " benefice of 
Abirlempuo," and had Sir John Lowtholt as his 
chaplain. In 1567, Mr David Lindsay [of Pit- 
airlie] was minister of Aberlemno, and of the two 
neiglibouring churches of Forfar and Rostinoth, 
with a stipend of 200 merks. Mr George Lyall 
was reader at Aberlemno, with £20 Scots of salary. 
In 1574 (Wodrow Miscellany, i.), there appears 
to have been a dififerent arrangement. 

Possibly the most noteworthy of the succeeding 
ministers at Aberlemno, were the two Ochter- 
LONYs. The first came to the parish about 1655. 
He was brother of the contemporary minister of 
Carmyllie, and both were sons of John Ochterlony, 
who was provost of Brechin in 1641 (Documents 
at Panmure.) Mr Ochterlony preseiited a silver 
communion cup to the kiik of Aberlemno, thus 
inscribed : — 

This Cup is Gifted by M>' John Ochterlonmj, 
Miur. of Aberlemno, For the Celebration of the 
Lords Supper in the sd Church — 1683. 

— Mr O. died about 1695, and was succeeded by 
his nephew, also John, son of the minister of 
Carmyllie [q.v.) He was served heir to an uncle 
and aunt in 1693, and to his father in 1699 
(Retours, Forfar.) He was deprived as a non- 
juror, and an intruder into parish churches ; and, 
after convening his adherents for some time in 
his own house of Flemington, he left the locality. 
He was afterwards consecrated Bishop of Brechin, 
and died at Dundee in 1742 (Keith's Lives of the 

It was after the translation of Mr Ochterlony's 
immediate successor to Idvies, that Mr Thomas 
Mitchell came to Aberlemno, to whose memory, 
and that of some of his descendants, there are 
three inscribed tablets within the kirk : — 


Mr Thos. Ml. ordained 1714; Mr And^. Ml. 
ordained 1750 ; Mr Ja^. Michl. ordained 1794. 

This monument was erected by Mr Thomas Mit- 
chel, minister of the Gospel at Aberlemno, and 
Marie AJiller his spouse, in memorie of their two 
children, Thomas and Agnes Mitchels, who died 
of non age. 


Below also lys interr'd ye Rev. Mr TboK Mit- 
chell, who serv'd ye cure in this Parish 34 years 
and 9 months ; For Piety, Generosity, Hosijitality, 
and Friendship, Extensive Charity, and Moderation, 
Affability and Good Nature, Inferior to none. In 
zeal for ye interest of Christ, and Examplifying in 
his conduct what he inculcated on others, he was 
Equal'd by few. He courted not human applause, 
yet he obtained it. He lived in peace with all men, 
and died much regretted, ye 9th day of Jany. 1770, 
in ye 60th year of his age. Also here lies interred 
Mr Andrew Mitchell, son and successor to the 
above Thomas, who lived much respected, and died 
regretted by all who knew him, the 3rd day of 
Jany. 1794, being the 65th year of his age, and 44th 
of his ministry. Eev. Jas. Mitchell died 13th 
May 1S41, in the 72nd year of his age, and 47th of 
his ministry. 


Below lie the mortal remains of Mrs Jean Craw, 
spouse of the Rev. Andrew Mitchell. She died 
27th Sept. 1809, the 87th year of her age. Sic 
pragterit species mundi. 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs Elizabeth Sedg- 
wick, first wife of the Revd. James Mitchell. She 
departed tliis life on the 3d May 1821, and 54th 
year of her age. Also in memory of her children, 
Elizabeth-Burnet, Alexander, Marmaduke, 
Andrew, Jean-Craw, Georgina, Margaret, 
Eliza-Tailyour, and Francis-Nicol Mitchells, 
all of whom, except Alexander and Andrew, were 
dead before herself. Likewise in memory of Eliza- 
beth, daughter of the Rev. James Mitchell, by 
Janet Webster, his second wife. Fiat voluntas Dei. 

From an adjoining tablet : — 

1803 : Erected by George, John, Robert, Ann, 
and Jean Jarrons, in memory of their father, 
George Jarron of Balbinnie, who died 5th Jany. 
1793, aged 65 ; and of Barbara Wallace, spouse 
to George Jarron, junr., who died 15th April 1797, 
aged 33 ; and Barbara Jarron, their child, who 
died in nonage ; also of Robert and Isabel Jar- 
ROn's children. 

The next three inscriptions are from marble 
tablets, also within, and upon the south-east side 
of the church : — 

Hie oonduntur reliquiae Gulielmi Chalmers de 
Aldbar, qui vixit annos 65, ob. 7 Id. Jul. 1765 ; 
et C^cili^e Elfhinstone, coujugis adamatae, qua; 
vixit annos 58, ob. Non. Mart, 1761. Sacrum me- 
moriae parentum bene merentum hoc marmor filius 

[Here lie the remains of William Chalmers of 
Aldbar, who died July 9, 1765, aged 65 ; and of 
Cecilia Elfhinstone, his dearly beloved wife, who 
died March 7, 1761, aged 58. This monument was 
raised to the memory of his excellent parents by 
their sou.] 

— Mr Chalmers, who was a son of Chalmers of 
Hazelhead in Aberdeenshire, was a successful mer- 
chant in Spain, and his wife was a daugliter of 
Elphinstoue of Glack. The first Elphinstone of 
Glack was Arthur, brother to Bishop Elphinstone, 
founder of King's College, Aberdeen. Mr Chal- 
mers bought the lands of Aldbar in 1763 {v. Mem. 
of Angus and INIearns), and was succeeded by his 
sou Patrick, who was sheriff of Forfarshire from 
1774 to 1819. To him the following refers : — 

Patrick Chalmers, Esqr. of Auldbar, advocate, 
died on the 15th February 1824, aged 87. 
Virtuous and learned, polished and refined, 
Of pleasing manners, and enlightened mind ; 
Beloved in Life, lamented in his end. 
Here sleeps the Sire, the Gran dsire, and the Friend, 

A Tribute of Affection to the Memory of Isabel 
TiNDAL, who died 2d Nov. 1811, aged 67. 

The church and aisle of Aberlemno, both erected 
in 1722, have been much iwiproved in appearance 
by recent repairs. 'Ihe belliy is upon the west 
end of the kirk ; and the bell bears : — 


The tombstones are pretty numerous in the 
churchyard. From these the following inscrip- 
tions (the earlier of which are carved in interlaced 
Roman capitals), are selected : — 

Heir rests ane faithf vl sister qvha livit vith hir 
mariet hesbent Viliam Alerdya borges in Dundie 


29 zeiris, calit Ianet Ademson, qvha depertit in 
this paries the 19 day of luli anno 1600. 

V. A : Heir rests ane faithf brother V. A. qvha 
departit this put lyfe the 17 day of Avgvst anno 
Christi ... I. A. 

Heir restis ane fa riet vyf 

Ianot Vobster .... zeir and departit this 

lyf Ivuii 1605 .... 66 

zer of hir aig .... 

Heir restis in the Lord ane faithfvl brother 
Alexander Watson svmtym in Crostvovn de- 
pairtit 28 of Febrvarii 1622 aige 51. A. W : M. D : 
V. W. I live to die — I die to live. 

... as DAiGATt qvha leivet yt his m . . 

ther dav Alixandr 

Daigati, Iohn Daigati 

Vnder this ston lyes the corps of Andrev Dal- 
GITIE .... 89, and of his age 70 yier ; also 
EvPHAM Bell, his wife, depairted December 24, 
1672, age 41 yeirs. 

— The six inscriptions given above are from flat 
slabs. Those below are chiefly from head-stones. 
The first exhibits carvings of articles belonging 
to the weaver trade ; — 

John Nicol, weaver, Lochead, d. 1728, a. 33 :— 
Tho' this fine Art with skillfull hand, 
Brings Forreign Riches to our Laud ; 
Adorns our Rich and Shields our Poor, 
From cold our bodies doth secure, 
Yet neither Art nor Skill e'er can 
Exime us from the lot of man. 
David Milne (1734) :— 

Man's life on Earth, even From the Womb, 
is Full of Troubles to his Tumb ; 
He enters in with Cryes and Fears, 
And paseth thro' with Cars and Tears, 
He Goeth out with sighs And groans, 
And in the Earth doth Loge his bons, 
O that our Souls with Christ may have 
A Lodging place beyond the Grave 
To rest, and Hallouge sing 
Eternally to Heaven's King. 
From a stone, upon which a mill-rind and mill- 
stone pick are represented : — 

George Anderson, sometime Pickieman at Bal- 
garrock Mill, died the 9 day of March, anno 1747. 

1756 : John Spence, Grisall Colvill. This 
stone was erected by John Speuc in West Milldens, 
in memory of his father and mother, who lived 
sometime in Broomhill of Balgavies : — 
Here ly's an honest old race. 
Who in Ballgavies land had a place 
Of residence, as may be seen, 
FuU years three hundred and eighteen. 

This old race of Spences came there about the year 
1438, where they and their offspring resided from 
Father to Son, till the year 1820. 
— The last clause and some names were added in 
1850 by Andrew Spence, Broughty Ferry. 

James Taylor (1774) : — 

Here lies the man, who peace did still pursue, 
And to each one did render what was due ; 
With meek submission he resign'd his breath 
To God, the Soverign Lord of life and death. 
Here different ages do promiscuous lie : 
The old man must, the young may die. 
James Peter (1797) :— 

In hopes in peace his Lord to meet. 

Here lies iuterr'd in dust. 
One in his temper ever kind. 

In all his dealings just. 
Kind to the poor, the widow's friend, 

He always did remain, 
Till heaven's great Lord by his decree 
Keeall'd his life again. 

From the peculiar symbols and other carvings 
upon the well-known sculptured stones which 
stand at, and near the kirk of Aberlemno, it is 
probable that the locality was an early seat of 
Christianity, as well as a place of considerable 
population in old times, long even before the 
district was known as a thauedom (v. Proceed. 
So. of Antiq. (vol. ii), and Sculptured Stone 
Monuments of Scotland.) 

A portion of the arms of the Lindsays, pos- 
sibly those of Balgavies, is at the kirk of Aber- 
lemno. The foundations of their castle are on 
the south side of the parish. It was destroyed by 
order of King James, in 1593, in consequence of 
I Sir Walter Lindsay having joined the Jesuits. 



The armorial bearings of James Beaton of 
Melgund (grandson of the Cardinal), and those 
of his wife, Elizabeth Menzies, are built into 
the outer and north wall of the church, dated 
1604, and initialed I. B : E. M. The arms and 
initials M. O. (Marion Ogilvy), the mother of 
Cardinal Beaton's children, are upon the ruins of 
Melgund Castle. A monogram of the initials 
of George, first Marquis of Iluntly, and of his 
■wife, Henrietta Stewart, similar to those at 
Gordon Castle, is built into the farm-ofiices at 
Mains of Melgund. 

Melgund Castle, notices of which will be found 
in Memorials of Angus and Mearns, p. 278, is one 
of the most picturesque and interesting ruins in 
Forfarshire. The property of Melgund belongs to 
the Earl of Minto, to whom it has descended from 
Henry Maule, a cadet of the noble family of Pan- 
mure, and the reputed author of a History of the 
Picts. On the death of one of the Melgund 
family the following invitation to the funeral 
(here printed from the original at Panmure), was 
sent by the laird, to " his Louing Cousing lohn 
Maule chamberlane off panmure": — 

" Melgund 1672 May : 16 
Cousing — Satturday next be ten in the forenoone 
is the dyet I Intend the buriale, So vith your 
conveniencie come or not as you find cause, either 
shal be taken by 

Your Louing Cousing, 

H. Maule, 
the buriale is on IS Instant." 

Alexander Irvine of Drum and of Kelly in Ar- 
birlot, held considerable pro2)erty in Aberlemno 
in the early part of the 17th century, from which 
he made a " mortification" of meal to the school- 
master, and to the poor of the parish, similar to 
that which he made to those of Arbirlot, about the 
year 1629. 

In 1707 Sir Alex. Murray of Melgund (an ances- 
tor of the Earl of Minto^ obtained an Act of Par- 
liament to allow a weekly market (long since 
discontinued) to be held at Aberlemno "in all 
time coming." 

(s. — ) 

ftffHE church of Aldebar, dedicated by Bishop 
Sa David of St Andrews in 1243, was given to 
the College of Methven, by Walter Stewart, Earl 
of Athol, in 1433. It is rated along with the kirk 
of Kiunell in the Taxation of 1275-9 (Theiner 
Mon. Hist. Hib. Scot., p. 114), at 4 merks 10s 
8d Scots. It was served, in 1574, along with the 
kirk of Brechin and four others adjoining, by Mr 
John Hepburn, who had £202 4s 7d of stipend. 
Andrew Ker, then reader at Aldbar, had 20 merks 
and kirk lands. 

The chapel is situated in the Den of Aldbar, 
where a sculptured stone and fragments of coffin - 
slabs have been found. There are a few old 
tomb-stones, but the inscriptions are defaced. 

The church, which was long a ruin, was re- 
stored as undernoted. Although private pro- 
perty, it is occasionally used for public service. 
It contains two brasses, designed by Billings. 
They bear respectively these inscriptions : — 

In memory of Patrick Chalmers, Esquire, of 
Aldbar, for many years a merchant in London. 
He was born at Aldbar a.d. 1777, and died there 
on the 8th day of December 1826. Also of 
Frances Inglis, his wife, who died at Aldbar on 
the 10th day of February 184S, in the 70th year 
of her age. 

Outside the walls of this Chapel are interred 
the mortal remains of Patrick Chalmers, Esquire, 
of Aldbar, lateCaptainin H.M.'s SdDragoouGuards, 
sometime Member of Parliament for the Montrose 
District of Burghs, Author of the " Sculptured 
Monuments of Angus." He re-edified this Chapel 
in the year 1853. Died at Eome, on June the 23d, 

— Soon after the death of Mr Chalmers, a monu- 
ment, similar in design to the Ancient Sculptured 
Crosses of Scotland, which he did so much to pre- 
serve and illustrate in the admirable work above 



referred to, was erected by his late brother, Joha-I. 
Chahners, Esq. A coffin-slab was also laid over 
his grave, inscribed with his name, and the dates 
of his birth and death. 

Mr Chalmers was principal editor of the Char- 
tularies of Arbroath and Brechin. The latte'^ 
work was completed after his death, and prefaced 
with a genial Memoir, by his friend, Prof. Cosmo 
Innes of Edinburgh. The work was a free con- 
tribution by Mr Chalmers to the members of the 
Bannatyne Club, and contains an excellent por- 
trait of Mr Chalmers, engraved by Bell, after 
a miniature by Eobertson. 

Mr Chalmers contributed many valuable papers 
to archaeological publications ; and at the time of 
his death he was a Vice-President of the Society 
of Antiquaries of Scotland. His remains were 
interred on 15th July 1854, on which occasion the 
following lines were written as a tribute to his 
memory : — 

Peace to thy Soul ! May'st thou in peace repose, 
And. no rude hand thy sacred shrine profane : 
Thine was the heart that felt the poor man's woe — 
i?eliev'd his wants, and sooth'd his ev'ry pain. 
In thee siirviv'd the best of mental powers, 
Oombin'd with meekness, modesty, and grace ; 
iTeen to perceive — in judgment, good and true — 
Ooncise and fair Old Manners thou did'st trace. 
Hovi much thou wish'd poor Scotia's state to know, 
.^nd bring to light her ancient Arts and Lore, 
Xong hid in mists of ages past, or else 
Jl/ix'd up in fable by her Poets of yore. 
jE'nchanted by that wish, and, doing good, 
i?oird past thy too short years of fifty-two : 
(Sound may'st thou sleep in that sweet lonely spot. 
Where, but to-day, we bade thy corse— Adieu! 

Since the death of Mr Chalmers two magni- 
ficent folio volumes, illustrative of the Sculptured 
Monuments of Scotland, have been issued by the 
Spalding Club, under the able superintendence 
of Mr Chalmers' old friend, John Stuart, Esq., 
LL.D., Sec. A. S. Scot., &c., in which work much 
of the letter-press and all the engravings of Mr 
Chalmers' publication have been reproduced. 

After Mr Chalmers re-edified the chapel of 
Aldbar, the remains of his ancestors were re- | 

moved from Aberlemno to that romantic spot. 
There, too, lie the ashes of his brother and suc- 
cessor, JoHN-IxGLis Chalmers, Esq.— a man 
of great humour and goodness of heart— who died 
15th May 18G8, leaving a family of sons and 

Notices of the castle of Aldbar, and of the early 
proprietary history of the lands, are given in 
Memorials of Angus and Mearns. It need only 
be briefly remarked here that before Aldbar came 
into the hands of the Chalmers', it belonged first 
to a branch of the Cramonds of Midlothian, and 
next to the Lyons of Glamis, one of whom. Sir 
Thomas, built the oldest part of the existing castle. 
From the Lyons it passed to Sir James Sinclair, 
and afterwards to Peter Young of Easter Seaton, 
grandson of Sir Peter, almoner to King James 
VI. It was acquired by Mr Wm. Chalmers from 
the Youngs. 

The initials and monogram of the late Mr P. 
Chalmers are upon some of the recent additions 
to Aldbar Castle. The Lyon arms and the 
initials, S.T.L. (Sir T. Lyon), also D.E.D., those 
of his second wife. Dame Euphemia Douglas 
daughter of the Earl of INIorton, are upon the old 

The lintel of the mill door at Blackiemill bears 
the date of 1698, and the initials, R.Y : A.G. 
(Robert Young and Ann Graham). It was to 
their son that Ruddiraan, the celebrated gram- 
marian, was tutor— afact referred to by Ruddimaa 
in his pamphlet entitled " Animadversions" on 
Love's Vindication of George Buchanan. 

^tWu, or ^trdtalrcrjsi, 


IF^HE patronage of the kirk of Bellie belonged to 
X the Priory of Urquhart, in consequence of a 
grant of territory, by David I. about 1150-3, which 
included Finfans, on the west of the Spey, and 



Fochoper (Fochabers) on the east, with a common 
for pasturage, and a fishing on the Spey, &c. 

In 1574, Mr George Hay was minister of 
Bellie and the three parishes of Rathven, 
Farskan, and Dundurcus, with a stipend of £212 
16s 8d. Robert Grant was reader at Bellie 
with £16 and the kirk lands. 

In 1725, part of the east side of the parish of 
Bellie, including St Niuian's, and part of the 
west side of Rathven, including Fortgordon, and 
Preshome, &c., were formed into a preaching 
station. In June 1851, these districts were 
erected into a quoad sacra parish, under the name 
of Enzie where there are a parish church, manse, 
glebe, school, and school-house, &c. 

The churchyard of BeUie is about two miles 
from the village of Fochabers, near to where the 
Spey joins the Moray Firth. In the only remain- 
ing fragment of the kirk, a much defaced tablet, 
with Latin inscription, bears the name of " GuL- 
lELMUs Annand," who appears to have died in 
1770, aged 70. But the gravestone of Mr Wil- 
liam Sanders, which (says Shaw) bore " that 
he lived 108 years, and was minister of Bellie 77 
years," is not now visible. Mr Sanders was or- 
dained about 1607= Twenty years afterwards, 
he was censured by the Presbytery (Scott's Fasti), 
*' for making ane pennie brydell within Straith- 
boggie to his dochter in law, at quhilk wer present 
excomuHicat papists, to the greiff of all honest 

It was in Mr Sanders' time, on 15th September 
16.32, that the Earl of Angus " wes mareit at the 
kirk of Bellie Avith lady Mary Gordon [third] 
dochter to the Marquess [of Iluntly], be Maister 
Robert Douglass, minister at Glenbervie, whome 
the Erll of Angous brocht with him of purpoiss." 
On the 28th November following, the Master 
of Abercorn and Huntly's youngest daughter were 
married in the same place, "be ane Irish minister." 
Spalding further informs us that the " corpis" of 
the first Marquis of Huntly, who died at Dundee 
in 1636, " wes convoj'it with sum freindis to the 
kirk of Belly," where it was kept a night, 
while on its way to the family tomb at Elgin. 

The same authority says that Lord Graham, 

Montrose's eldest son, lies at Bellie, but no stone 
marks the spot. His father had passed frora 
Elgin on 4th March 1645, and come to the 
Bog of Gight, now Gordon Castle, " with the 
bodie of his army." While there, his son, "a 
proper youth about 16 yeiris old, and of singular 
expectatioun, takis seiknes, deis in the Bog in a 
few dayis, and (continues Spalding) is bureit in 
the kirk of Bellie, to his fatheris gryt greif." 

The tombstones are numerous at Bellie. The 
first-quoted inscription is from a marble slab, 
within an enclosure, near the kirkyard-gate ; — 

This tablet is placed by Jean, fifth Duchess of 
Gordon, to the memory of her dear infant daughter, 
Charlotte, who died the 10th of Dec. 1810 ; and 
also, to her beloved mother, Mrs Susan Robert- 
son, who died the 2d of June 1822, in her 91st 

— Jean Christie, " fifth Dnchess of Gordon," was 
a woman of humble birth and parentage, who re- 
sided at Fochabers. Her good looks and hand- 
some person fascinated Duke Alexander long 
before the death of the fourth Duchess, the Lady 
Jane Maxwell ; and probably not the least ro- 
mantic part of Jean Christie's history is that 
almost at the very moment of her being united 
to a man in her own station of life, a carriage 
drove to the door of the cottage, where the mar- 
riage party were assembled, and Jean was 
abducted and carried off from her betrothed. 
She bore nine children to Duke Alexander, to 
whom, " after proclamation on three several Sab- 
baths," she was married " on the 30th day of 
July 1820, by the Rev. William Renuie, minister 
of the parish of Bellie." According to the Bellie 
Register of Burials, " Jean Christie, Duchess of 
Gordon, Second Wife to Alexander, Fourth Duke 
of Gordon," was interred at Bellie upon the 
2d August 1824, " aged 54 years." Her body 
was laid in a vault, under a handsome mausoleum 
of Elgin freestone, with canopy, supported by 
twelve pillars. Her name is not recorded ; but 
the following, upon a marble slab, relates to her 
son Adam, whose remains were laid beside those 
of his mother : — 



In this vault are deposited the remains of Adam 
GoRDOX of Newtongarrie, son of Alexander fourth 
Duke of Gordon, who died at Burnside, lith Aug. 
1834, in the 37th year of his age, deeply regretted 
by all his friends. This marble was placed here by 
his spouse, Jane Grant, as a testimony of her affec- 

— Mrs Gordon (like her mother-in-law, Jean 
Christie), was of humble parents. She belonged 
to Buckie or its neighbourhood, and subsequently 
married Mr Reid, sometime a bank agent in 
Fochabers, by whom she had two sons and a 
daughter. Newtongarrie is a property in the 
parish of Drumblade. Near the middle of the 
burial-ground at Bellie: — 

Svb hoc cippo tvmvlatvr corpvs exsangve Eliza- 
beths Milks, Angligenae, Andrese Hossack ivnioris 
qvondam sponsag, principis Dvcissfe Gordon qvon- 
dam ancilla;, qvae obiit tertio Octobris, anno Dom. 

[Beneath this stone is interred the body of Eliza- 
beth MiLNS, a native of England, spouse of Andrew 
Hossack, junior, and formerly chief maid to the first 
Duchess of Gordon, who died 3d Oct. 1687.] 
— The first Duchessof Gordon was Lady Elizabeth 
Howard, second daughter of the Duke of Nor- 
folk. Her husband, the fourth Marquis of Huntly, 
was created Duke of Gordon in 1684. He died 
at Leith in 1716, she at Edinburgh in 1732. 
Although their names are unrecorded at Elgin, 
both were buried there. 
From a flat slab : — 

Heir lyes Elspet Gordon, spous to Alexr. Gor- 
don of Upper Dalochie, alies. Major, who departed 
May 12, 1690. 

The next two inscriptions are from table-shaped 
monuments : — 

Here lyes Issobell Knight, spous to Androu 
Haj% wywer in Fochabers. Shee departed the 13 
of Febr. 1712 : Manney hath donn werteusly, but 
shee heath excideth them all. 

Here lie the remains of James Ross, Esq., who, 
with unblemished integrity, conducted for many 
years the important affairs of the Great Family of 
Gordon ; and, whilst zealously anxious to promote 
their interest, raised no fortune to himself. He 

departed this life the 8th Sep. 1782, aged 50 years. 
And of Katharine Gordon, his wife, who dis- 
charged the duties of a daughter, a wife, and a 
mother, with a piety and affection offering bright 
example to their descendants. She was born Ist 
Jan. 1743, died 17th Sep. 1795. Sacred to the 
memory of John Ross, Esq. , sometime Professor of 
Oriental Languages in King's College, Aberdeen, 
who, after passing a long life in the practice of 
virtues which rendered him an ornament and bless- 
ing to society, was removed to that better world, 
where he will meet their just reward, on 9th July 
1814, in the 84th year of his age. This humble 
tablet has been inscribed by parental affection. 

Sacred to the memory of John Menzies, Esq., 
who died loth March 1831, aged 72. The best 
eulogium of his character is, that, for the long 
period of nearly 50 years, during which time he 
acted as cashier to the Duke of Gordon, his employer 
never sustained any loss by his incorrectness, or 
neglect of duty ; and that the many thousands with 
whom he transacted business, were equally satisfied 
with the integrity of his conduct, against which no 
complaint was ever heard, even from those who 
were not his friends. 

From a bead-stone (enclosed) : — 

Erected by Lieut. -Col. William Marshall, as a 
sincere but inadequate tribute to the memory of a 
revered parent, 1857. This stone was originally 
placed by William Marshall over the graves of his 
son Major Alex. Marshall, who died at Keith- 
more, 31st Jan. 1807, in his 33d year ; and of Jean 
Giles, who died at Newfield Cottage, Dandaleith, 
13th Dec. 1824, in the 85th year of her age, whose 
remains lie both here interred. Here also lie the re- 
mains of William Marshall, Esq. husband of Jean 
Giles, a man of virtue and integrity. From a humble 
station in life he rose to distinction by the indus- 
trious cultivation of a natural talent : eventually 
he became Factor on the estate of Alexander Duke 
of Gordon, an office which he held for many years, 
performing its duties with fidelity, and to the satis- 
faction of his Employerand the Tenantry. Although 
self-taught, he made considerable progress in me- 
chanics and other branches of natural science, to 
which his leisure hours were frequently devoted. 
But he was chiefly noted for his skill and fine taste 
in music, the Scottish airs and melodies composed 



by him being widely known and appreciated. He 
died universally esteemed, at Newfield Cottage, 
Dandaleith, 29th May 1833, in his 85th year. Of 
a family of six children, besides the above-named 
Alexander, Francis, a jeweller, died in Loudon ; 
John, a Capt. in the army, died in India ; and 
George, a Lieut, in the army, died in Spain. Jane, 
an only daughter, widow of John M'Innes, Esq. 
Dandaleith, and William, a retired Lieut. -Ool. in 
the army, being the sole present survivors. 

— William Marshall, who was originally a footman 
or page at Gordon Castle, was perhaps second only 
to the " famous Neil Gow" as a performer upon 
the violin, and probably superior to Neil as a com- 
poser of national airs. Marshall's music, which 
is still sought after in the North, consists of a 
number of beautiful strathspeys, named by him 
after people and places that he knew ; and Burns 
was so much pleased with jNIarshall's music to his 
song, " O' a' the airts the wind can blaw," that he 
wrote him a complimentary letter on the subject. 
Marshall, who had also a taste for mechanics, 
employed much of his leisure in the art of clock- 
making, a specimen of which is preserved at 
Gordon Castle. A portrait of Marshall, engraved 
by C. Turner, from a painting by John Moir 
(ancestor of Moir-Byres of Touley), with violin 
in hand, is to be seen in many houses in the 
Northern counties. 

His son, Major Alpixr. Marshall, served in 
India, and at the siege of Seringapatam. Capt. 
John, of the 26th Regt., was present in the Pen- 
insular War, and died of cholera at Madras in 
1829, and Lieut. Gi-.orge, of the 92d Regiment, 
died from fatigue in 1812. The fourth son, 
Lieut.-Col. William Marshall (the erector of 
the monument at Bellie), who became a Lieu- 
tenant in the Gordon Fencibles in his eighteenth 
year, served in almost all the engagements dur- 
ing the French Revolution, including those of 
Aboukir and Corunua, and Marshall was so 
severely wounded at Waterloo, that his right 
arm had to be amputated. After this Lieut.-Col. 
Marshall was employed in Canada during the 
rebellion of 1837, and afterwards in various re- 
sponsible military offices at home. He retired 

from the service in 

5, and took up his resi- 

dence in the pretty cottage of Newfield, on the 
banks of the Spey, near Craigellachie, where he 
died, beloved and re-pected by all who knew him, 
on the 29th August 1870, in his 91st year. 
(i>. Elgin Conrant oi 2d Sept. 1870.) 

The next two inscriptions are from the oldest 
of four inscribed monuments within an en- 
closure : — 

Here lyes the body of George Geddes, late in 
Mains of Kempcairn, who dyed the twenty first 
day of Octr. 1746. In memory of Catherine 
Milne, of the Mill of Towie, and relict of Thomas 
Geddes of Dallachy and Todholes ; she survived her 
husband 33 years, and died the first Sept. 1821, 
aged 87. 

In this burying ground are interred the remains 
of Thomas Geddes, of Dallachy, who died in 1789, 
aged — ; and of his son John Geddes, in Orblis- 
ton, who died 23d Dec. 1817, aged 64, by whose 
disconsolate widow this simple record is placed over 
his grave as a small token of her remembrance of 
his affection and worth. 
Upon a table stone (enclosed) : — 

Geo. Anderson, farmer, Burnside, "a man dis- 
tinguished for ardent piety and pure Benevolence, 
whose manners were as simple as his morals were 
unblemished," d. 1779, a. 69 ; his wf. Helen Shand, 
d. 1797, a. 71 : — 
Unknown to Pomp, and bred to rural Toil, 

To him the Christian'sFaith and Hope were given; 
Unskill'd in Art, nor trained in Courtly Guile, 

He liv'd to God, and died — to wake in heaven. 

In same grave are deposited the remains of the 
Rev. John Anderson, who was 27 years minister 
of the parish of Kingussie, and 11 of Bellie, pre- 
vious to his retirement from the church, and who 
died on the 22d of April 1839, in the 80th year of 
his age. 

— Mr Anderson knew much of the private affairs 
of Alexander, fourth Duke of Gordon, and long 
acted as Commissioner upon the Gordon estates. 
The circumstance of his holding that office 
during his incumbency having been brought 
before the Church Courts, and the General As- 
sembly disapproving of his being engaged in that 
capacity, he demitted his charge in 1819. His 



mother was a near relative of Mr Shaud, once in 
the West Indies, afterwards laird of The Burn, 
near Fettercairn (j.u.) 

Upon a chest-shaped stone r^ 

Erected, at the expense of his fellow-servants^ 
to John Barondon, who died at Gordon Castle, 
Aug. 16, 1853, aged 39 :— 

It was in the bloom of manhood's prime, 

When death to me was sent ; 
All you that have a longer time, 
Be careful and repent. 
O, the grave, whilst it covers each fault, each defect, 

Leaves uutaruish'd the worth of the Just ; 
His memory we'll cherish with tender respect, 
Whilst his body consumes in the dust. 

The antiquities of the parish are few — the 
80- called Roman Camp to the north of Gordon 
Castle, traces of a Druidical temple at Greencairn, 
and the Court Hillock, at the last-named of which 
places the barony courts of the district had pos- 
sibly been held— being almost the only objects 
worthy of notice. 

As to the proprietary history of the district, it 
appears that about 1238 King Alexander acquired 
the second teiuds of the lands of Fochobyr, and 
others, from the Bishop of Moray, in exchange 
for lands and teinds in another part of that pro- 
vince. At a later date, other parts of Fochabers 
were exchanged for the lands of Wynn (^? Whin- 
nyhaugh), and Bynin (? Binns.) 

In 13G2, John Hay of Tullyboyle (Tillybody) 
had a charter of the whole lands from the Spey to 
the burn of Tynet, which are described as lying 
within the Forest of Awne, or Enzie. About 
twelve years later, the same baron (Reg. Morav.), 
with consent of his son, founded a chapel at the 
Geth (Gycht), in honour of the Blessed Virgin 
and All Saints. This was endowed with au 
annuity of £20, also four acres of land at Ladar- 
dach, with a house for the chaplain, and pasture 
for twelve cows and a bull, sixty sheep and lambs, 
two horses, &c., while the jurisdiction of the 

foundation was given to the Bishop and Chapter 
of ]\Ioray. This place of worship appears to have 
been situated somewhere about Gordon Castle. 
But the old fairs or markets of S. Catherine, 
S. MuNGO, and the Holy rood, which were long 
held in the neighbourhood of Fochabers, possibly 
show that there were either altarages within the 
chapel, or that chapels in different parts of the 
parish were dedicated to those saints. 

The Hays of Gycht and Enzie were the same 
as those of Tillybody, in Clackmannanshire. The 
male Hne failed about 1426-8, when Sir Alexander 
Seton of Gordon, afterwards Earl of Huutly, mar- 
ried as his second wife, J])gidia, heiress of Gycht, 
Enzie, and Tillybody, by whom he acquired these 
lands. Those of Gycht and Enzie are still in pos- 
session of descendants of the Gordons, now repre- 
sented by the Duke of Richmond. 

It was by the second Earl of Huntly that the 
House of Bog of Gight (now Gordon Castle) was 
founded. Since then it has been rebuilt, and 
from time to time altered and added to, until it 
has assumed the palatial appearance which it now 
exhibits. The Castle stands in the midst of a 
vast park, studded with magnificent old trees, and 
laid out with great taste and judgment. 

Among the more interesting features within the 
policies are the Quarry Gardens — at one time 
presenting unseemly holes filled with stagnant 
water, and hillocks of quarry debris. That locality 
is now the most lovely and enchanting of 
places ; and, apart from nice walks and flower- 
beds, there are some old carved stones, which fall 
more within the scope of our present work. 
Some of these, which present, in monogram, the 
initials of the first Marquis and Marchioness of 
Huntly, are said to have been brought from 
Huutly Castle. They are oval-shaped ; but un- 
fortunately the centre oruameuts, as well as the 
inscriptions, are mostly defaced. The two texts 
which follow (Ps. xxxiv. 9 ; Phil. ii. 10), both 
dated 1614, are the only parts decipherable : — 


— As there are traces of "a glory" or halo upon 



the next slab, it had probably beeu adorned with 
a carving of Our Saviour — 


The old market cross of Fochabers is also within 
the policies of Gordon Castle. The town, a plea- 
santly situated place, is an old burgh of barony. 
It consists of a main street, with diverging lanes, 
and a spacious square, planted with rows of trees. 
It contains the Established Church, erected in 
1789, a Free (1844), an Episcopal (1834), and a 
Roman Catholic Church (1828) ; also some ex- 
cellent houses and shops, a branch bank, &c. 

Milne's Institution, which was founded by Alex. 
Milne of New Orleans, a native of Bellie, for the 
free education of natives of the district, is a fine 
building a little to the east of the town. 

The river Spey, which is of considerable width 
and beauty at Fohabers, is crossed by a hand- 
some bridge, with an iron arch of great span, 
erected soon after 1829, the floods of August 
of that year having carried away the previous 
bridge, which was constructed of stone. The 
stone bridge consisted of four arches, and was 
opened in 1805. 

George Chalmers, who must ever be looked 
upon as one of the most celebrated of those 
men who have brought documentary and other 
reliable evidence to bear upon the elucidation of 
Scotch History and Antiquities, was a native of 
the town of Fochabers. He wrote several books 
of National value and interest, particularly " Cale- 
donia," of which great work he lived to issue only 
three vols. Accounts of Chalmers' life will be 
found in all biographies. He was educated at 
King's College, Aberdeen, and after a residence 
of some years in America, he returned to Eng- 
land, when he became a clerk to the Board of 
Trade, and died in 1825. The following extracts 
from the parish register reg arding the marriage 
of his parents, and his own baptism, may be in- 
teresting to the admirers of his works : — 

Dec. 26, 1742 : "George Lawful! Son to James 
Chalmers and Isabel Ruddoch in Fochabers, was 
baptized before Witnesses John Chalmers, John 
Geddes, Robert Chalmers, and Andw. Mitchell, all 
in Fochabers." 


— George appears to have been the second of four 
sons. The first, Alexander, was born in 1740 ; 
the third, Thomas, in 1748, in the note of whose 
baptism bis father is described as a " fewer" in 
Fochabers ; and the fourth, Peter, was born in 
1760. Their mother came from the parish of 
Deskford, as is shown by the following entry of 
her marriage : — 

July 25, 1736: " James Chalmers in ffochabera 
and Isabell Ruddach in ye parish of Dessfoord 
gave up their names to be proclaimed in order to 
their marrige according to Law." 

ftXtx (^wMtx, 


ING AVILLIAM the LION bestowed the 
church of Kulter, " iuxta Abirdene," upon 
the Abbey and monks of S. Mary of Kelso, about 
1165-99. The gift was afterwards confirmed by 
Mathew, Bishop of Aberdeen, within whose dio- 
cese the church was situated. 

Alan of Soltre, chaplain, who had probably 
been an ecclesiastic of the hospital, or monastery 
of Soutra, in Lothian, was presented by the 
Abbot of Kelso, to the vicarage of the church of 
Culter, 1239-40. It is rated in the Old Taxation 
at 54s 4d. 

In 1287-8, an agreement was made between the 
Abbot and Convent of Kelso and the brotherhood 
of the Knights of Jerusalem, regarding the Tem- 
plars' lands of Blairs, Kincolsi (Kincousie), on the 
south side of the Dee, by which a chapel, erected 
by the Templars at their house of Culter, was 
recognised as a church for the inhabitants of the 
above lauds and others belonging to them, with 
parochial rights (Reg. Abd.) 

S. Peter's Well, remarkable for the fineness 
of its water, is situated upon the Glebe Haugh, 
east of the church ; and Peter's Heugh is the 
name of an adjoining part of the north bank of 
the Dee. 



The kirk of Peter Culter, surrounded by some 
old trees, has a conspicuous site on the north 
bank of the Dee, and commands a fine view of 
the church and district of Mary Culter, &c. The 
date of 1779 is upon the church ; and a slab built 
into the north wall, initialed M. J. K., and dated 
1715, refers to the incumbency of Mr John Ken- 
nedy, who was minister from about 1704 to 
'23, his predecessor having been deposed (Scott's 
Fasti), " for lying, immorality, and negligence." 

The session records shew that " the fabrick of 
the kirk fell to the ground vpon the 16th day of 
October 1673," and " the sandglasse" having been 
broken by the ruins, the session, on 18tli January 
following, ordered another glass to " be bought." 

The tombstones are numerous. The first quoted 
inscription is from a slab built into the outer and 
south wall of the church : — 

Close to this wall, in front of this tablet, lie the 
remains of Sir Alexr. Cuming of Culter, Bart., 
and his Lady, Elizabeth Dennis, co-heiress of 
Puckle Church in Glostershire. Where they now 
lie was formerly under their own seat in the Old 
Church, where they were buried. 

— Philip Cumin, son of Jardine Cumin of Inver- 
allochy, in Rathen, succeeded to Culter by marry- 
ing Marjory, heiress of Sir Adam Wauchope of 
Culter. Part of the property belonged in early 
times to Alan the Durward ; and subsequently, 
in 1247, King Alexander bestowed Culter and 
adjoining lands upon Robert, son of Allan of 
Wauchop (Nisbet, ii., Appx. 56.) 

Alexander Cumin of Culter was created a Ba- 
ronet in 1672, and by him, it is said, the oldest 
part of the present house of Culter was erected. 
Sir Alex, wrote a poem on the death of Bishop 
Forbes (Funerals), which thus concludes : — 

"Though in few acts man could abridge his playes: 
In manle schens divyded are his dayes. 
Since then wee see the tapers doe decay, 
(When 't 's dark) the candlesticks may be a prey." 

The baronetcy of Culter has long been extinct ; 
and about 1726, the estates were sold by Sir Alex- 
ander Cumin to Patrick Duff, then of Preranay. 
It is to the last-named that the following inscrip- 
tion at Culter relates : — 

To the memory of Patrick Duff of Culter, Esq. 
He was born Nov. the 16, 1692. He dyed Oct. 20, 
1763. He examined Christianity, believed it firmly, 
and loved it warmly. From Christian principles he 
practised social virtue ; in relieving distress and 
promoting useful arts he delighted. The affection 
of his Widow raises this monument. 

—In 1721, Mr Duff married his cousin Margaret, 
only daughter of William Duff of Braco, by Helen 
Taylor, " a woman of very much inferior rank to 
him, though come of very honest parents." Miss 
Duff, who was only eleven years of age at the 
time of her marriage, had no family to the laird 
of Culter; and some years after his death her 
second marriage is thus recorded (5th Jan. 1769), 
" Udny of Udny married to JNIrs Duff of Culter," 
Besides Culter, Mr Duff acquired the " most of 
the low country estates of Drum," which adjoined 
Culter. He died at Culter House, which Baird 
of Auchmedden describes as " one of the most 
beautiful and best finished Gentleman's Seats in 
the North." Culter is still Duff property, being 
owned by R. \\'. Abercromby-Duff, of Fetter- 
esso and Glassaugh, &c., Esq., M.P., who married 
(1871) a daughter of Sir Wm, Scott of Ancrum, 
Bart. P. DuS of Culter was 4th son of Craigstone, 
and grandson of Keithmore {v. Mortlach.) 

A table-shaped stone, on south side of church, 
presents a bold carving of the Irvine arms, and 
this inscription, the first, or oldest part being in 
Roman capitals : — 

Here lyeth Ieane Irvine, spovse to Maister 
Robert Irvine of Cvlts, in hops of a blised resvrrec- 
tion, who depairted this lyf the 21 of March 167S, 
the 32 yeir of hir aige. 

Also Robert Irvine, Esq. who died the 10th of 
April 1728, aged 89 years. Likewise Margaret 
CouTTS, his second wife, who died in 1710, aged 45 
years. And Charles Irvine, Esq., who died the 
28th of March 1779, aged 83 years. And Euphemia 
DuGLAS, his spouse, who died 21st of Deer, 1766, 
aged 55 years. 

— Sir Alex. Irvine of Drum had a charter from 
Walter Caidyow of the lands of Cragtoune of 
Petyrcultyr, with pertinents, within the regality 




of St Andrews and barony of Rescobie, 23d April 
1526. His grandson, Gilbert Irvine of Culairlie 
(fourtli son of Alex. Irvine, yr. of Drum, who fell 
at Pinkie), was the ancestor of the Irvines of 
Murthil (Murtle) and Cults. A good part of the 
Irvine property in this locality, as above seen, 
was bought by Patrick Duff of Culter. From 
granite monuments within an enclosure : — 

In memory of John Thurburn of Murtle, who 
died 31st of January 1861, a^ed 80. 

In memory of Barbara-Anderson Thurburn, 
third daughter of John Thurburn of Murtle, who 
died 5th October 1858, aged 32. 
— ]Mr T., who was a native of Keith {q.v.), 
bought Murtle in 1821 from the executors of Mr 
John Gordon, who bequeathed the Murtle Bur- 
saries and Charities to the University and City 
of Aberdeen. Mr Thurburn's widow, only 
daughter of the Rev. Mr Findlater of Cairnie, 
gave £1000 towards the erection of the Thurburn 
Cooking Depot in Aberdeen, for the benefit of 
AVorking Men. The next two inscriptions are 
from flat stones : — 

Here lyes the body of Hellen Simpson, laufull 
daughter to Patrick Simpson of Concraig, and 
spouse to John Milne in Brotherfield. She died 
March 25, 1742, aged — years, &c. :— 
So, reader, underneath ther lyea 
The virtuous, prudent, chaste, and wise ; 
Of beauty great, and gentle blood, 
The darling of the neighbourhood. 
Think then of her bright generous soul, 
And first admire, and then condol. 
Here lyes under the hope of a blessed resurrection, 
Mary Gib, spouse to William Meff, tenant in Bing- 
hill, who depf. this life the 18th of May 1710 ; and 
William Meff, who dep^t. 

Four table-shaped tombstones relate to an Eng- 
lisli family named Smith. The Smiths established a 
paper manufactory at Peter Culter, which is still 
carried on, and is believed to have been the first 
of its kind in the North of Scotland. The works 
are situated in the Den of Culter, one of the 
most lovely and romantic places in the district. 
Miss Hester Smith, who died in 1851, aged 70, 
(to whom one of the tombstones was erected by 

her niece, Jane Anne M'Leod), left the interest 
of £100 annually for the repair and preservation 
of these monuments. When not required for 
that purpose, the money has to be given to the 
poor of the parish. The most southerly of these 
stones bears : — 

Mrs Anne Murray (relict of Alex. Murray, of 
Elm Place, Finchley, Middlesex, Esq. ), died 2d Jan. 
1841. In the grave adjoining, on the north, are 
interred the mortal remains of her father and 
mother, Mr Richard Smith, late paper manufac- 
turer in this parish, and Martha Reid, his spouse, 

Upon the most northerly stone : — 

William Dykak, surgeon, R.N., died 28th June 
1830, aged 74. Also Hannah, wife of William 
Dykar, daughter of the late Mr Richard Smith, of 
Paper Mill, who died 2d May 1848. 

An intermediate stone bears the following epi- 
taph on Lewis Smith, proprietor of the Culter 
paper mills, who died in 1819, aged 42 : — 

While manly beauty in meridian bloom, 
Untimely hastuing to the ghastly tomb, 
Calls from the eye the sympathatic tear ; 
Pause, Friend, and shed the mournful tribute 
If social manners, with a taste refin'd, [here. 
If sterling worth, with unassuming mind, 
If filial tenderness possess a charm, 
If steady friendship can your bosom warm, 
Then, Reader, imitate, applaud, revere, 
W^hat triumph'd in the man that's buried here. 

Wm. Martin, Grindlawburne, d. 1753, a. 88 : — 
Within this narrow house of clay, 
The bones of William Martin ly ; 
He was an honest man and just, 
All honest men might well him trust. 
By sweat of brow his bread he M'on, 
He liv'd and dy'd an honest man. 

Lord, said he, thy strength and grace 

1 ever will admire ; 

For by thy sending me releif, 

Thou'st taught me to aspire. 

The heavens thou hast open set. 

And rent the vail that I 

May upward look, and thy dear Son, 

W^ith glory crouud espy. 



— Isabella Knowls, spouse of Wm. Martin, 

d. , a. 96. The next three inscriptions (here 

abridged) are from table-stones : — 

The Eev. George Mark, died 23d Dec. 1811, in 
the 76th year of his age, and 4'2d of his ministry. 

The Rev. John Stirling, 27 years minister of 
this parish, died 5th Oct. 1839, in the 54th year of 
his age. His widow Helen [Fowler], died 4th 
Dec. 1862, aged 66. 

— Mr Stirling, who was a native of Dunblane, 
left a son who studied the fine arts. In early life 
Mr S. painted portraits, also The Sermon, a scene 
in a Scotch Kirk, &c. He is presently (1872) at 
Tangier, engaged upon a picture of The Court of 
the Sultan of Morocco, 

Rev. David Gillatlt, minister of the Shiprow 
Chapel of Aberdeen, died 20th Aug. 1821, aged 58. 
Erected by his Relict and Congregation. 

Upon the highest point of a rising ground called 
the AVeather, or Wedder Craig, is the " Cup- 
stone" indented in the shape of a bowl. It is 
commonly called the Doupin'' Stane ; and, accord- 
ing to an old custom, the youngest burgess of 
Aberdeen present at the riding of the outer 
marches of the city, undergoes the ceremony of 
being dotqnt or dipt in it ! 

There is a stone circle on the farm of Eddieston ; 
also a single rude stone pillar (the remains of 
another circle), on the farm of Milltimber. Cir- 
cular stone structures, supposed to be ancient, are 
upon the heights above Xether Anguston. Traces 
of the so-called Roman camp at Norman Dykes ; 
and of the British earth work at Camphill, noticed 
in the Statistical Accounts, are now slight. The 
"Norman Well" still remains. 

The Burn of Culter is bridged both upon the 
old and new Deeside roads. There are also stone 
bridges over the Leuchars (dated 1710^, near 
Waulkmill ; over the Gormack, near Milton of 
Drum ; and over the Ord, at Nether Lasts. 

An Act of Parliament was passed in 1707 in 
favour of Sir Alex. Cumin of Culter and his heirs, 
by which they were empowered to hold fairs upon 
the muir of Beinshill, on the second Tuesday of 

March and October annually, "for all kinds of 
vendible commodities." They were allowed to 
uplift the " haill profites, tolls, customs, . . . 
to proclaim and ryde the sd fairs," &c. 

William Forbes, A.M.. author of a poem in 
Scottish verse, entitled " The Dominie Deposed," 
was sometime schoolmaster at Peter Culter. The 
session records (extracts from which have been 
obligingly communicated by Mr Smith, parish 
schoolmaster), bear that ou 15th Nov. 1724, " Mr 
William Forbes entered Precentor, and is to begin 
to teach the school at Whitsunday next." The 
school was opened accordingly, and from that time 
nothing of any importance is recorded of Forbes 
until 2d Jan. 1732, when the minister " acquainted 
the session that (the former Precentor, William 
Forbes, having entirely turned his back upon his 
office, one which acc"^ he was not again to be 
received) Mr William Mories, who this day pre- 
cented, was the person recommended by the heri- 
tors for the s<^ office." 

On 23d of same month £10 10s due to the 
schoolmaster " for the poor boys in the land of 
Culter" were " detained at the instance of William 
Forbes, late schoolmaster's creditors ;" and upon 
7th Jan. 1733, he acknowledged, by letter, the 
paternity of a child by IMargaret Forbes, servant 
in Brotherfield. He was then summoned before 
the session ; but as Forbes " compeared not," 
and the minister understanding that he " had 
gone off a recruit to Ireland," the session were 
" obliged to sist further procedure as to him." 

" The Dominie" is generally confounded with 
'■'■ Rohert Forbes, gent.," a contemjwrary writer, 
who translated into the Buchan dialect "Ajax; 
his Speech to the Grecian Knabbs." This poem, 
like that of "The Dominie Deposed," is a re- 
markable production ; and copies of early editions, 
with tlie Latin text in the form of foot notes, are 
exceedingly rare. I have learned nothing of 
the history of Robert Forbes. It is clear 
that he was a scholar, also a native of Aberdeen- 
shire, and much engaged in the stocking trade — 
then, and for long afterwards, a lucrative branch 
of business in that county. In one part of his 
" Shop Bill," Forbes says that he has " some 



shanks (stockings) to sell," also caps, gloves, and 
napkins. In another part of the poem (Glasgow 
edit,, 1755) the following verse occurs :— 

"I likewise tell you by this bill, 
That I do live upo' Towerhill, 
Hard by the house o' Robie Mill, 

Just i' the neuk, 
Ye canna miss't fan 'ere you will, 
The sign's a bulk." 


THE church of Insch (vicarla Inmlax)^ in the 
diocese of Aberdeen, is rated at 6 merks in 
Old Taxation. In 1574 it was served by the same 
minister as served the kirks of Clatt, Kinneth- 
mout, and Christ's Kirk, and, like these parishes, 
Insch had its own "reidare," or schoolmaster. 
Being a part of the lordship of the Garioch, the 
church of Insch was probably given, as were some 
of the neighbouring churches, to the Abbey of 
Lindores, when it was founded by the Earl of 

The present place of worship and burial-ground 
are upon a slight eminence near the middle of the 
village of Insch. Before being gutted, the kirk 
contained some interesting carvings in wood. 
Among these were the arms of the Clan Chattan, 
■which were set up in the Wardes pew by Robert 
Farquharsou, ancestor of the Invercauld family, 
then proprietor of Wardes. The only reniaiuing 
specimen is in the Drumrossie seat. It consists 
of three panels, two with scroll ornaments, and 
the third, or centre panel, bears a shield, charged 
with a fess between three boars' heads. An 
esquire's helmet, surmounted by a demi-soldier 
holding an old-fashioned musket horizontally, 
forms the crest. Over the crest are the words : — 


— The shield is flanked by the initials, G, G., and 
below is the date of 1G78. The same arms are 
upon a slab at Drumrosssie House, and both 
refer to Gordon, the laird of the period. 

The belfry of the church is of an ornamental 
character, with floral carvings, also the initials, 
M. I. L., (Mr John Logie), and the date of 1613. 
The bell is inscribed : — 


— Gely was " a ffrench ffounder," who, in 1700, 
proposed to recast the bells of the steeple of ''the 
colledge" of Aberdeen, a proposal which was par- 
tially agreed to. 

Some years ago, during the levelling of the 
ground on the north side of the kirk of Insch, a 
coffin-slab was disinterred. It is about 6 feet long, 
by about 18 inches broad, and is preserved in the 
outer wall of the vestry. The original carving has 
unfortunately, by revision at some late date, been 
injured. The slab presents a dedication crossj 
and this inscription in Irish characters : — 

4- ©rate . pro . antma . ralrulfi : sacrtrotts. 

— This is probably the grave-stone of Radulph, a 
chaplain of the bishop of Aberdeen, who witnessed 
a grant of half a carrucate of land in the parish 
of Rayne to the convent of Melrose, about 1172- 
99 (Reg. Ep. Abdns., i. 10.) If this conjecture 
is correct, this is among the oldest lettered monu- 
ments in Scotland — those at Newton of Cul- 
samond, in Aberdeenshire, and St Vigeans, in 
Forfarshire, excepted. 

A tombstone in the churchyard bears the name 
of Henry Clekk, and the date of 1600, also a 
merchant's or mason's mark, resembling the figure 
4, except that a horizontal line crosses the mid- 
dle of the lower half of the perpendicular line. 
The next oldest date is possibly that upon a 
granite slab, placed against the south dyke, 
which pi'obably relates to a son of Mr W, Burnet, 
who was minister of Insch from about 1661 to 
1680. It bears :— 

.... 1669 , A . B . SONE . TO . M. W. B, 

The next three inscriptions are from contiguous 
tombstones : — 

Here lyes James Jopp, feuar in Insch, wbo depr. 
this life August the 2-, 1672, and of his age 50 



Here lyes Andrew Jopp, sometime merchand in 
lusch, who dept. this life Feby. 2G, 17-2, aged G7 
years ; and his children, Alexji,, Andrew, and 
Mary Jopps. 

In memory of Jean Jopp, spouse of James - 
Staats Forbes of Lochermick, who died 8th June 
1822, aged 56 years. 

— These inscriptions relate to ancestors of a 
burgess family of Aberdeen. One of them was 
provost of that city when Dr Samuel Johnson was 
presented with the freedom of the burgh— a com- 
pliment (says Boswell), " Provost Jopp did with 
a very good grace." Near the last-mentioned 
slab : — 

Jas. Beattie in Insch, died Apr. 17, 1787. 
—The above is froai one of several tombstones 
which belong to Beatties. One of the family 
was a medical practitioner at Insch, and descen- 
dants still tenant the farm of Dunnideer. Near 
to these tombstones another, but to a different 
race (here abridged), bears :— 

Sacred to the memory of Joseph Beattie, A. M. , 
for 33 years parochial schoolmaster of Leslie, who 
died 7th Jan, 1854, aged 58 years. Margaret 
Meldrum, his wife, died 18G1, aged 64 years. 
Their eldest son, James, C.E., died 1860, aged 39 

Upon a round-headed stone at east end of 
kirk : — 

Hie jacet cum familia Rev. Alexr. Mearns ; in 
hoc templo fideliter ministravit annos, mirum, 60 ; 
in hoc sepulchro cum multis lachrimis depositus 
est anno 1789. 

[Here lies with his Lamily the Rev. Alex. 
Mearns, who was a faithful minister of this church 
for the wonderfully long period of 60 years, and 
was laid in this tomb with many tears, in the year 

— Mr Mearns, previously schoolmaster at Rothie- 
may, was ordained minister of Insch, 19th Nov. 
1729, and died 4th Oct. 1789, in his 89th year. 
He was a native of the village of Drumrossie, then 
a hamlet of some importance, in which woollen 
weaving, dyeing, &c., were carried on with energy 
and profit. Mr Mearns married Janet Shank, 
daughter of a respectable tradesman in the same 

place, who died in 1779. By her he had two 
sons and three daughters. The eldest son, 
Alexander, was minister first at Towie, next at 
Cluny. The eldest, and only married daughter, 
Janet, became the wife of a manufacturer and 
woollen dyer, whose death is thus recorded upon 
an adjoining head-stone of a similar shape to 
that of her father : — 

This is the burial place of Adam Maitland, late 
manufacturer in Insch, who died in the year 1781, 
aged 57. 

A marble slab near east wall of burial ground 
bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. George Daun, 
A.M., minister of Insch, who departed this life, 
on the 21st day of May 1821, in the 70th year of 
his age, and the 31st of his ministry in this parish. 
— Mr Daun was previously a schoolmaster in 
Elginshire. His successor, a native of the Gar- 
ioch, had two assistants and successors, the latter 
of whom, the Rev. Adam Mitchell, LL.D., 
died in 18G3, aged 64. Dr M. was previously 
rector of the Grammar School, Old Aberdeen, 
which he taught with success and reputation down 
to the time of his appointment to the church of 
Insch, his native parish. 

Wm. Breck, feuar, Insch, d. .June 1818, a. 63 ; 
hiswf., Janet Milne, d. April same year, a. 58; 
their son, Alex., student of divinity, d. 1820, 
a. 22 :— 

Nipt by the wind's untimely blast, 
Scorch'd by the sun's directer ray ; 
The momentary glories waste. 
The short-liv'd beauties die away. 
Yet these new rising from the tomb. 
With lustre brighter far shall shine ; 
Reviv'd thro' Christ with 'during bloom. 
Safe from diseases and decline. 
Francis and Peteh Wiseley, d. 17 Feb. 1843, 
a. 11 and 9 yrs. respectively : — 

In one house they were nursed and fed. 

Beneath one mother's eye ; 
One fever laid them on one bed, 
On one bed both their spirits Hed, 
And in one grave they lie. 
Alex., s. of Wm. Benzie, farmer, Coldwells, d. 
1834, a. 25 y. :— 



Here with the aged lies a lovely boy, 
His father's darling, and his mother's joy ; 
Yet, Death, regardless of the parents' tears, 
Snatch'd him away, while in the bloom of years. 

Upon the base of a granite cross : — 

In memoriara : William Gartly, reporter 
'Scotsman' newspaper, died 6th June 1869, tet. 27 : — 

"God's linger touch'd him, and he slept." 

The hill of Dunuideer (? Dun-a-tor. or the hill 
fort^, is about 875- feet above sea level. It is 
conical in form, slopes rapidly on all sides, and 
is one of a series of similarly shaped hills in the 
same district, which are best seen, as a group, 
from Barrahill, in Bourtie. 

" Dunnedeur (says Monipennie) is called the 
Golden Mountine, by reason of the sheepe that 
pasture thereupon, whose teeth are so extraor- 
dinarie yellow, as if they were coloured with 

There appears to have been an early vitrified 
work, with surrounding trenches, upon the top of 
Dunnideer. The vitrified walls enclose a great 
portion of the summit of the hill ; and with- 
in these walls, at a later period, another fort 
had been erected. It is the remains of this later 
erection which give so much character and in- 
terest to the hill ; but, as will be seen from an 
engraving in Cardonell's Picturesque Antiquities, 
the ruins were of greater extent in his time (1788) 
than they are now. Upon the hill top is a well, 
in which there was water in 1867. 

The ruins are locally called Gregory's Walls, 
from a tradition that King Grig, or Gregory died 
at Dunnideer ; but. according to the Pictish 
Chronicle, he died at Dundurn or Duu-d-ern, in 
Strathern. The fanciful llardyng says that Dun- 
nideer was one of the places where King Arthur 
held his round-table :— 

" AU of worthie Knightis moo then a legion, 
At Donydoure, also in Murith region." 

But, in the absence of authentic record, nothing 
can be said of the true history of Dunnideer, nor 
of the age of any of the masonry, the peculiarities 
of which have been often and fully described. 

One fact only may be noted— viz., that Gregory^ s 
Walls are of a similar construction to the remains 
upon the Lady Hill at Elgin, and to those of the 
old castle at Duffus ; also that these places (which 
were inhabited by Edward I.), indicate an earlier 
style of building than any part of Kildrummy, 
and Kildrummy is said to have been the principal 
residence of David Earl of Huntingdon. 

But, whatever doubts may exist among " the 
learned" as to the origin of the fort of Dunnideer, 
the question of the origin of the hill was long 
ago solved by Gordon of Rothnie, who, when re- 
proving one of his ploughmen for " feiring" a 
field in such a fashion that one furrow fell upon 
the top of another, exclaimed in a passion — " It's 
needless to speak to you, man ! It's been some 
idiot like you that rais'd the hill o' Dunnideer !" 

Apart from the ruins upon the hill of Dunni- 
deer, there are other remains in Insch, which 
show that the district was a place of early import- 
ance. The sculptured monument called the " Pi- 
cardy Stone," and the Earl of Mar's Stone (an 
unadorned boulder), are both objects of in- 
terest. Some years ago part of a " brass sword" 
was found at Dunnideer ; and in 1867, a stone 
cist, containing bones and an urn, was got on 
Greenlaw, The urn, which was about 4 J inches 
wide, bore the common zig-zag markings. Re- 
mains of stone circles are upon the farms of Wan- 
ton Wells, near Temple, and on Nether Boddam, 
also in other parts of the parish. 

The Bass is the name of a piece of flat ground, 
about five acres in extent, which belongs to the 
Parochial Board, and is on the north side of the 
village. Nearer the village is the Moatach Well. 
The Moot or Moathill of the district had probably 
been in this locality, although no trace of it now 

" The Glens of Foudlen," celebrated in the 
ballad of the Duke of Gordon's Daughters, are in 
the upper part of Insch, in which there are 
valuable slate quarries. 

But it is of the lands of Drumrossie that the 
earliest records exist ; and it appears that in 1257 
a gift of the teinds of these, made by the abbot of 
Lindores, was ratified by Pope Alex. IV. to the 



vicar of Inchemabayu. In 1396, Thomas Earl of 
Mar gave a charter of the lands of Drumrossie to 
Andrew Barclay, lord of Garintully. As before 
seen, Drumrossie was afterwards possessed by 
Gordons : it now belongs to Mr Leslie of Wartle, 
late M.P. for Aberdeenshire. 

The Village of Insch is an old burgli of barony, 
in which, with other properties, Mr John Ross, 
minister of Foveran (called Dr John Ross of 
Insch), was served heir to his father in 1680, the 
same having been previously held by his grand- 
father, who was reader or teacher at the church 
of Birse. The superiority of Insch, held in 1724 
by Mr Leslie of Balquhain, now belongs to 
Colonel Leith-Hay of Leith Hall. There are 
in Insch a Free Church, branch banks, and some 
good dwelling-houses and shops. 

A family named Tyrie long owned the lands of 
Dunnideer, where there was a chapel dedicated to 
S. John. The Tyries were Roman Catholics, and 
reported as such by the minister of Insch to the 
Presbytery of Garioch in 1704. One of the 
family, James Tyrie, a celebrated Jesuit, who 
died in 1597, aged 54, wrote, under the name 
of George Thomson, De Antiquitate Ecclesise 
Scoticfe. John Knox wrote an answer to this 
work, to which Tyrie replied in a pamphlet 
(Paris, 1573), which is reckoned rare and valu- 

The Tyries of Dunnideer were " gryte Jacob- 
ites ;" and it is told that but for the prompt con- 
duct of one Roger, a farmer in Insch (some of 
whose descendants still hold responsible offices 
there), the life of Mr Mearns would have been in 
jeopardy from a Tyrie attempting to stab him with 
a dirk one Sunday about the '45, while engaged in 
Divine service. The residence of the Tyries stood 
near the burn of Shevock, upon the southern slope 
of the hill of Dunnideer. This family was pos- 
sibly a branch of the Tyries of Drumkilbo and 
Nevay, in Strathmore (v. Nevay). 

"^^x)i^t, or ^Mv^vl»n*vjj. 

(?S. MARY.) 

THIS district is thus mentioned by Theiner in 
the Taxation of Scots benefices for 1275 : — 
"De Magistro dd. De Inuleruy, 39 sol." It is 
placed by Theiner within the diocese of Bre- 
chin ; but is said, by others (Proceed. So. Antiq. 
Scot.^, to lie within that of St Andrews, and to 
belong to the Chapel Royal of St Mary of Kirk- 
heugh of that city. It is certain that Bervie was a 
seat of the Carmelite Friars down to the suppres- 
sion of monasteries in Scotland (Mem. of Angus 
and Mearns.) 

The church is said to have been dependent upon 
that of Kinneff until 1618, when Bervie was 
erected into an independent ecclesiastical district. 
But it had its own schoolmaster, or reader, in 
1567, who had a salary of £20 a year. 

A fair or market was held at Inverbervie in 
September (Edinburgh Prognostication for 1706), 
on " Latter Mary day"— a name which possibly 
preserves that of the titular saint of the church. 

The present parish kirk, a neat and commodious 
building, with a square tower or steeple, was 
erected in 1836. It stands in the principal 
street of the town, to the north of the old kirk- 
yard. The bell now in use, which was gifted to 
the town by the laird of Ury, while provost of 
the burgh, bears this inscription : — 




The kirkyard is on the south-west of the town, 
near the railway station. The west gable is all 
that remains of the old kirk ; and the inscriptions 
below are selected from some of the tombstones. 
The first quoted, and possibly the oldest dated, is 
from a much defaced slab. It also bears a shield 
charged with a ship in chief, the Rait arms in 

base, and the initials P. D : K. R probably for 

P. Davidson, and his wife K, Rait : — 



CEMBER . 1634 . . . 


. . DSON 
OF . DE- 

A much destroyed tomb, with bevelled sides, 
bears a shield charged, iu pale, with the arms of 
Arbuthnott, and those of Macduff, Thane of Fife. 
This impalement is possibly founded upon the re- 
puted connection of the Arbuthnotts with the 
Clan Macduff, by which, it is said, Hew of Arbuth- 
nott received protection for the part he took in 
" boiling" Sheriff Melville and " supping his 
broo" on the hill of Garvock, in the time of James 
I. The following inscription (the concluding 
lines of which were printed in Monteith's Theater 
o/Moriality, 1713), is upon the same stone : — 

1663 . AND . OF . HER . AGE 65 



— Margaret Moncur was probably one of the 
Moncurs of Knapp, in the Mearus, a branch of 
the family " of that Ilk," one of whom, Andrew, 
is a witness to a charter by Rait of (?) Hallgreen, t. 
Robert III. (Nisbet's Heraldry, i. 185.) 

In addition to the following epitaph, a flat slab 
also bears that a son and daughter of the same 
family died respectively in 1G96 and 1714 : — 

^^ Hier lyes AIargaret Mill, lawful spows to 
lames Dickie, swmtime cai-penter iu Johnshaven, 
who departed this life the 28 of September 1713, 
and of hir age 47 years : 

Hier lyes on bereaved of her life, 

Who in her time was a most wertiovs wife ; 

Her works and wertve did so her grace, 

Yc might admire her cvmlie face. 

Bvt willingly was to leve this world, and 

Hoping to be in heaven inthroned ; 

With faith continued to her death 

Wntill she had any breath. 

From a headstone: — 

clauduntnr intus fil : David . nat, 

Jul. 28mo 175-, mort. Jan. 28mo 174- : fil. Makia 
nat. Ap. 12mo 1730, mort. Feb. IQmo 1744. De- 
positi hie sunt cineres Helena Austin, conjugis 
Gulielmi Clerici, Ludimagistri Ennerbervieusis, 
qua? obiit 3tio Id. Jan. anno sal. 1738 

[ within lie a son David, born July 

28, 175-, died January 28, 174- ; a daughter Mary, 
born April 12, 1736, died February 10, 1744. Here 
are deposited the ashes of Helen Austin, wife of 
William Clark, schoolmaster of Inverbervie, who 
died 11th January 1738 ] 

— In printing a translation of the Decreet of the 
Synod of Perth of 11th April, 120G, regarding a 
dispute between the Bishop of St Andrews and 
Duncan of Arbuthnott, Mr Pinkerton, iu his 
"Enquiry into the Early History of Scotland" 
(vol. i. p. xiv,^ says the translation was made 
" from the original Latin in the possession of Lord 
Arbuthnot about 1700 by a Mr Clerk, school- 
master at Bervie." The next inscription is upon 
east side of same stone : — 

Hie jaceut Magister Gulielmus Clark, Ludi- 
magister Bervise, qui diem obiit 9° Deer. 1770, 
natus annos 7-. Margareta Lovr, secunda G. C. 
uxor, nata Juuii 21, 1710, nupta Aug. 17, 1745, 

Martii 16, 1762, N : S : Hora tertia matu- 

tina repentino ac insolito morbo correpta spiravit 
moribunda, motu, lingua? usu, ac sensibus expers ; 
demum sub solis occasum obiit, marito ac tribus 
liberis relictis. 

[Here lie Mr William Clark, schoolmaster of 
Bervie, who died 9th Dec. 1770, aged 7- years, and 
Margaret Low^, second wife of W. C, who was 
born June 21, 1710, married August 17, 1745, and 
who died March 16, 1762. Seized at three o'clock 
in the morning with a sudden and unusual illness, 
she contiuued to breathe in a dying state, deprived 
of the power of motion, of speech, and of her senses, 
until about sunset, when she expired, leaving a 
husband and three children. ] 

— I have ascertained (through the kindness of Mr 
J. H. Stewart, the present parochial schoolmaster 
of Bervie), that although Mr Clark held the office 
of teacher there, no notice of the fact exists in 



the Presbytery records ; and that in March 1701, 
the office was held by Mr James Greig. Mr 
Stewart has also learned from ]\Irs Barclay, a 
grand-daughter of Mr Clark, that he was the son 
of a Lieutenant in the Navy, and of a lady of the 
name of Middleton from about Laurencekirk. 
The Lieutenant went to sea soon after the birth 
of Mr Clark, and was never more heard of ; and 
his mother being disowned by her relatives, sup- 
ported herself and her son by her own industry. 
Two of Mr Clark's sons were watchmakers in 
London. One of them, David, died there, and 
the other, James, afterwards came to Arbroath. 
He had a son who entered the Navy, and two 
daughters who were respectively married to manu- 
facturers of the name of Kircaldy and Butchart 
in Arbroath. Mrs Barclay still lives in Bervie, 
and her mother, Ann, a daughter of Mr Clark, by 
his second wife, married James Sherret, a tailor 
From a table stone : — 

W. R. : L C— Here ly the bodys of Willi A3i 
Eaitt, tennant in Thre Wells, who departed this 
life January 4, 1743, aged 77 years ; and of Ianet 
Cook, his spovse, who departed this life 1757, aged 
90 years. Also their son John Raitt, sometime 
tenant in Hillside, who died 1776, aged 79 years ; 
and his spouse Elizabeth Scott, who died 1764, 
aged 88 years. 

A stone near the last-quoted bears : — 

ane honest man in hop of a gloris resvr- 

rection, George Fetvs, laf vl hvsband to Margret 
Anderson, who departed this life Janvary 24, 1729, 
of his age 60. 

Abridged : — 

Alexander Aberdein, late Deputy Commissary 
of Ordnance, Bengal, East Indies, died at Bervie, 
Dec. 1810, aged 53. 

From a table-shaped stone (enclosed) : — 

In memory of the Rev. Robert Croll, who was 
upwards of 40 years minister of the parish of Bervie, 
who died on the 3d day of June 1820, in the — 
year of his age. And his widow, Jean Farquhar- 
soN, died 12th February 1837, aged 83 years. 

— Mr Croll, who had the merit of being " a self- 
made man," was first appointed schoolmaster, 
then minister of Bervie. It is said his memory 
was so retentive that by hearing a sermon once 
read or preached, he could repeat it verbatim. Al- 
though he was three times married, the death of 
his third wife only is recorded at Bervie. From 
a stone adjoining the last-mentioned : — 

Sacred to the memory of Miss Isabella Far- 
quharson, youngest daughter of the late Alexander 
Farquharson of Balfour, who died at the Manse of 
Bervie, on the 19th day of April 1816, in the 27th 
year of her age. 

Upon a head stone : — 

A true Philanthropist lies here, 
To whom Rich and Poor alike were dear. 
James Souter, late Post-Master in Bervie, died 
12th July 1845, aged 61. His wife Ann Greig or 
Souter, died May 17th 1861, aged 73. 

From a headstone, in north-west corner of 
churchyard : — 

1851 : Erected by James and Ann Burgon, Ber- 
wick-on-Tweed, in memory of their son Robert 
Cowan Burgon, whitefisher, aged 21 years, who 
was drowned, with the whole of his crew, in Ber- 
wick Bay, on the 26th of Aug. 1850. His body 
was picked up in Bervie Bay by a boat's crew be- 
longing to Gourdon, and lies interred here : — 
We lost him in the prime of life, 

The first unto us given ; 
But now we trust he's with his God, 
Enjoying bless in Heaven. 

On north-east side of burial ground : — 

In memory of George Small, founder of the 
House of Refuge for the Destitute, Edinburgh : 
Born in Edinburgh, 26th May 1782 ; died at Bervie, 
11th July 1861. 

—Mr Small was a magistrate of Edinburgh at 
the time he founded the House of Refuge in that 
city. He also established the Lock Hospital (now 
amalgamated with the Infirmary), and organised 
and superintended the clothing stores, soup 
kitchens, and Cholera Hospital, and did many 
other kind and humane actions to the poor of 



the Metropolis (v. Edinburgh newspapers, July 
1861.) Mr Small, who was an officer in a fen- 
cible regiment until the Peace of 1802, became, in 
after life, a partner in the house of Muir, Wood, 
& Co., music-sellers, Edinburgh. He retired 
from business in 1848, and died in the house of 
his son, the Rev. Mr J. G. Small, of the Free 
Church, Bervie, author of " The Highlands and 
other Poems," &c. Upon a headstone : — 

1859 : Erected by James Gilchrist Gibb, in me- 
mory of his father David Gibb, who was born in 
1783, and died 1858, aged 76 years. A native of 
Perthshire, he removed to this place in 1828, and 
commenced Flaxspinuing, which business he pro- 
secuted up to the time of bis death. An affectionate 
husband, a kind father, and a good member of 
society, he closed a useful! life by a happy death, 
regarding the grave as a temporary abode, and 
looking forward in faith to a blessed resurrection. 
[Though worms, &c. ] 

Bervie was erected into a royal burgh by 
David II., who is said to have landed near it on 
his return from France with his queen in 1341. 
Its burghal importance is still represented by the 
shaft of an old market cross in the square, siu"- 
rouuded by a few steps. 

It is said that Bervie was burned in the time 
of Queen Mary, when, in all probability, it had 
consisted of only a few thatched houses. In a 
scarce and curious volume, entitled " A Journey 
through part of England and Scotland," by a 
Volunteer, who accompanied the Duke of Cum- 
berland to Culloden, the following account is 
given of the treatment which the Royalists re- 
ceived at Bervie in 1746, on which occasion tlie 
Duke was the guest of the parish minister : — 

" Here we put up at the Provost's House, a good 
honest old Fellow, whose Face shewed -what he 
loved. His Wife told us, she had brought out 
Wine to present when the Duke and Army came 
by, but could get none of her Neighbours to back 
her. We were here first obliged to eat Oat-Cakes 
in this Journey, which was a great Hardship to 
several of our unexperienced Travellers." 

The Viscounts of Arbuthuott had a residence 
or " Uidgin" at Bervie ; but of it, as of the house 
of the Carmelite Friars, the site only remains. 

Interesting and varied prospects are obtained 
from the bridge of Bervie, including Arbuthnott 
and Allardyce on the north, and Craig David on 
the south. The present bridge, which has one 
handsome arch, was begun in 1797, and fin- 
ished in 1799. The first bridge, which crossed 
the river about the same point as the present one, 
consisted of "2 large arches." It was built in 
1695, chiefly through the enterprise of William 
Beattie, a bailie of the burgh, who in the same 
year successfully petitioned the Estates of Parlia- 
ment for the vacant stipends of certain churches 
to assist to rejDay his outlay, and to enable him 
to finish the undertaking (Acta Pari.) Part of 
the middle pier of the old bridge still stands in 
the river. Before the time of railways this bridge 
was of great importance to the North, and the 
town of Aberdeen held a fund which was morti- 
fied for the support of the bridge of Bervie. 

Hallgreen Castle, in the immediate vicinity of 
the town of Bervie, is the chief object of anti- 
quity in the parish. The oldest parts, as shown 
by dates and armorial bearings, were erected by 
Raits towards the close of the 16th and in the 
17th centuries. 

The first Rait, according to Nisbet, took re- 
fuge in the Mearns during the 14th century, 
having had to leave his native district of Nairn- 
shire for some capital crime. It is certain that 
Raits were settled in the Mearns, and held the 
lauds of Owres or Uras and others at the period 
mentioned by Nisbet ; but it was not until towards 
the close of the following century that they had 
any connection with Hallgreen. 

It appears from the inventory of the title-deeds 
of Hallgreen (for the ready use of which I am 
indebted to the kindness of Messrs Morice, ad- 
vocates, Aberdeen), that the lands of Hallgreen 
were partly held under the Crown, and partly 
under the family of Arbuthnott. The oldest writ 
concerning the property shows that on 12th June 
1478, James III. confirmed a charter by Alex- 
ander Menzics, burgess of Aberdeen, dated 21st 



January 1471, in favour of David Rait of Drum- 
nagair, " of his Blench Lands of Inuerbervie, 
commonly called Hallgreen, with Twa Ninth 
Parts of Inuerbervie and their Roods, and Fart 
of the Mill thereof ; And an Annualrent of Twenty 
Shillings upliftable furth of the Stane of Beuholm, 
To be held Feu of the said Alexander Menzies for 
payment of £9. 13. 4 Scots." 

From the above period until the year 1724, the 
same family of Raits were possessed of Hallgreen ; 
and from them all the Raits of any note in Angus 
and the Mearns, whether landholders, ministers, 
farmers, or merchants, claim to be descended. 

Some of the Raits of Hallgreen married into 
the families of Gardyne, Douglass, Syramers, and 
Arbuthnott, The last laird, William, died about 
1724, and the lands, burdened by mortgages, 
were sold by order of the Court of Session. The 
chief bond holder was John Coutts, merchant in 
Edinburgh, son of Provost Coutts of Montrose, 
and father of the celebrated banker. The pur- 
chaser of the lands, at the judicial sale in 1724, 
was James, brother of John. Coutts, and a burgess 
of Montrose, by whom they were acquired at the 
price of £31,500 sterling. 

James Coutts was twice married, first to Jane 
Vanderheyden, next to Ann Crauford. By his 
first wife he had a son, Hercules, who, on 13th 
Nov. 1747, gave his father a discharge " of all 
legittim portion natural Bairns part of Gear, and 
all others which He could claim thro' his Death." 
Mr C.'s only son .James, by his second wife, suc- 
ceeded to Hallgreen, and was maternal grand- 
father of Mrs Scrymgeour-Fothringham of Teal- 
ing. About the year 1768, Mr Coutts sold 
Hallgreen to the Hon. Thomas Lyon of Pitpointy, 
sou of the Earl of Strathmore ; and in 1778 Mr 
R. Barclay- AUardyce of Ury purchased the estates 
of Hallgreen and Kingornie from Mr Lyon. 
Kingornie previously belonged to Mr William 

The estate of Hallgreen again changed hands 
in 1799, having become the property of Mr David 
Scott of Dunninald, by whose son, afterwards Sir 
David Scott, it was sold to Mr James Farquhar, 
M.P., in 1806. Mr Farquhar died in 1833, and 

was succeeded by his nephew, the present laird, 
who, about 1840, restored the Castle of Hallgreen. 
By more recent improvements Mr Farquhar has 
otherwise added to the value, as well as to the 
amenity of Hallgreen. 


THE office of reader, valued at 20 merks, waa 
vacant at Ordiquhill in 1574. The church, 
sometimes called TuUehule, or Tillycide (? wood 
hill, or hill corner), in old writing's, is said to 
have been originally a chapel dependent upon, and 
situated within, the parish of Fordyce. 

The church was looked upon with suspicion as 
an auxiliary to the Papists by the General As- 
sembly of 1608, when it was resolved (Book of 
Univ. Kirk), " that ordour be takin with the 
Pilgrimages in the Chappell callit Ordiquhell, 
and the Chappell of Grace [in Dundurcas], and 
ane Well in the bounds of Enzie, on the south 
syde of Spey." The year before this " ordour" 
was issued, it appears that Margaret Taylor, a 
woman from Castleton of Rothiemay, " was de- 
laitit for passing in pilgrimage to Ordequhill." 

Ordiquhill is said to have been formed into a 
separate parish about 1622-8, and the church to 
have been erected upon the site of a chapel which 
was dedicated to S. Mary. This church gave 
place to the present building about 1805. The 
bell is thus inscribed : — 




[John Mowat, Aberdeen, made me, 1754, for the 
use of the church of Ordequhill. Sabbaths I pro- 
claim, at funerals I toll.] 

The kirk stands in the middle of the burial- 
ground, which occupies a hillock, and is sur- 
rounded by some good trees. The following is 
from a marble slab, within the kirk : — 



To the memory of the Eev. Egbert Knox, A.M., 
for two years minister of this parish, who died 3d 
May 1825, aged 31 years. A token of regard from 
his affectionate parishioners. 

—Mr Knox was tutor to the Ballindalloch family, 
through whose influence he got the presentation 
to the church. 

The burial aisle of the Gordons of Park is at 
the east end of the kirk. Bold carvings of the 
family arms, with " S. I. G. of Park," and 
mottoes, aj)pear upon the east gable of the aisle. 
Over the entrance are the Gordon and Sibbald 
arms, with the initials, S. I. G., the motto, 
BYDAND, D. H. S., and the date of 1665. The 
same initials are prettily cut in monogram upon 
a separate slab ; and the following is round the 
margin of the stone : — 

AND . D . HELEN . SIBALD . 1665. 

— The erector of the aisle was the first baronet 
of the family ; and his wife was a daughter of 
Sibbald of Rankeilor, descended from the old 
Mearns family of that name. Sir Robert Gordon 
tells us that " the nixt yeir following ("1617) Sir 
Adam Gordoun of the Parke (Cariiborrow his 
sone) was knighted." Sir Adam appears to have 
been the first Gordon of Park, to which property 
and barony, previously known as " Corucarne," 
he gave the name of Park ; and built the Village 
of Old Coruhill, which, through his influence, 
■was erected into a burgh of barony, with weekly 
and yearly markets. By the establishment of 
these fairs, an impetus was given to agricultural 
industry, as well as to the growth and manufac- 
ture of lint, particulars which this well-known 
local rhyme appears to celebrate : — 

"A' the wives o' Corncairn, 
Drillin' \\y their hain-yani ; 
They ha'e corn, they ha'e kye, 
They ha'e wobs o' claith forhye." 

Sir "William, the fourth baronet of Park, who 
married a daughter of William Earl of Fife, 
joined the llebellion of '45, for which he was 
attainted. He died at Douay, about 1751, leaving 
two sons and a daughter. Sir William had two 

brothers, John and James, to the former of whom, 
it is said, he sold the property, or pretended to 
sell it, before he joined the Rebels. John left no 
lawful issue ; and the heirs of his brother (who 
predeceased him), claimed the title, and succeeded 
to the estates. To one of them, a marble tablet, 
in the family aisle at Ordiquhill, is thus in- 
scribed : — 

Sir Ernest Gordon of Park, Bart., died 6th 
Nov. 1800, aged 55. 

— Sir Ernest's widow and a daughter lie in Sfc 
Cuthbert's church-yard, Edinburgh (near the 
Cluny mausoleum), where two flat slabs are re- 
spectively inscribed as follows : — 

Under this stone is interred the body of Dame 
Mary Dalrymple, daughter of General R. D. Horn 
Elphinstone of Horn and Logie Elphinston, and 
widow of Sir Ernest Gordon of Park, Bart. She 
was born on the 13th day of February 1761, and 
on the 3d day of July 1810, departed this mortal 
life in peace, and charity with all mankind, and 
looking with trembling hope to the mercifuU judge- 
ment of a Blessed Redeemer. 

In memory of Mrs Mary Elizabeth Gordon, 
daughter of Sir Ernest Gordon of Park, Bart., and 
widow of Capt. Alexander Gordon, R. N. , who died 
at Edinburgh, 24th June 1851, aged 65 years. 

— In consequence of male-heirs of Sir William 
Gordon being in existence at the time Sir Ernest 
assumed the title, it is generally held that he, as 
well as his son, did so improperly ; but as the 
legitimate male line of both brothers has 
failed, the title is extinct. It was a female de- 
scendant of Sir W^illiam's younger brother who 
married Duff of Drummuir, and brought the 
estate of Park to that family, in consequence of 
which the Duffs of Drummuir prefix Gordon to 
their paternal surname. 

The following inscriptions are copied from 
monuments in the churchyard of Ordiquhill : — 

Hunc infra [tumulum] inhumantur Joannes 
MoRisoN, qui fatis cessit Apr. 8, anno 1686, ejus(j 
uxor Elspeta Mackay, quce obiit Octobris 3, A" 



[Beneath this mound are interred John Mori- 
son, who departed this life, 8th April 1686, and 
his wife Elspet Mackay, who died 3d Oct. 1702>] 

From a plain stone : — 

Here is interred the body of John Goodall, late 
merchant in Culphin, who died July 14th, 1760, 
aged 86 years. Near this place also are interred 
the ashes of Margaret Taylor, his spouse, who 
died Feb. 16, 1733, aged 48 years, & of George, 
Patrick, George, Charles, & William Goodall, 
their sons. 

— The above were the parents and brothers of 
Walter Goodall, who wrote a Vindication of 
INIary Queen of Scots, and edited an edition of 
Fordun's Scotichronicon, &c. Born about 1706, 
Goodall became sub-librarian in the Advocate's 
Library at Edinburgh, first to David Hume, and 
next to his own countryman, Thomas Ruddiman ; 
but being improvident, he died in indigent cir- 
cumstances. Chambers says that soon after his 
death (28th July 1766), his daughter presented 
a petition to the Faculty of Advocates, in which 
she stated that the furniture and other moveables 
in the house would scarcely defray the expenses 
of her father's funeral, and that " she was in such 
want of clothes and other necessaries, that she 
can scarcely appear in the streets." This sad ap- 
peal was answered by the substantial, though 
not extravagant, gift of ten pounds sterling. 

Wm. Broun, Culphin of Park, d. 1763, a. 56 ; 
his wf. Jean PcOBERTson, d. 1781, a. 71 : — 
Although by nature's firm decree, 

Parent and child must part ; 
Yet while apart, like test as this, 
Displays a Son like heart. 

Margt. Lorimer d. 1854, a. 66 : — 

Yet where, O where ! can even thy thunders 

Christ's blood o'erspreads, and shields me from 

them all. 

Abridged from a table-shaped stone : — 

The Rev. Alex. Gray, died 26th Feb. 1823. 
Mrs Mary Grant, daughter of the Eev. Mr Grant 
of CuUen, died 1815, aged 49. 

The earliest recorded proprietor in Ordiquhill 
is Sir Walram of Normanville, who, by charter 
dated at Forfar in 1242, had a grant of the lands 
of Correncrare, Tulichule, and others, which are 
described as lying in the waste, or unimproved 
parts of the king's forest of Banff. 

The Abernethys of Rothiemay and Sal ton had 
an interest in the district for sometime before the 
year 1492. According to a writer of 1724, the 
house of " Park was built, anno, by a 
lady dowager of the Lord Saltoun of Abernethy, 
who was herself a daughter of Stuart Earl of 

It appears that about the year 1600 Lord 
Saltoun disposed of his estates of Corncarn (Park) 
and Rothiemay to the Lord Ochiltree, from whom 
they were bought by Gordons about 1606. But 
it would appear that the Gordons were not allowed 
to remain undisturbed in their possessions, for 
Sir John of Park as well as his kinsman of Rothie- 
may were forced to raise an action against the 
Abernethys (Acta Pari., ix. 431), for "tearing 
and lacerating the Decreet of lousing the late 
Lord Saltoun, his Interdictioun, out of the pblick 

Registers and for their fraudulent con- 

cealling and keeping uj) of the said Decreet." Tn 
all likelihood, from the apparently " fraudulent" 
nature of the case, the Gordons had received a 
decision in their favour. 

Apart from the Established Church, there is a 
Free Church at the present village of Cornhill, 
about two miles to the north-east, and within a 
mile of the railway station of Cornhill. 

^ t V ;t r It « n. 

(?S. MARY.) 

THE kirk of StratJieichin, which belonged to 
the cathedral of Brechin, is rated at 20 merks 
in the Old Taxation. The incumbent was the 
Arch-deacon of the diocese, and in virtue of his 
office he had a manse or residence at Brechin. It 
stood on the south side of the Bishop's Close in 



that city ; and his grange or farm, called " the 
Arch-deacon's Barns," was near West Drums 
(Reg. Ep. Brechin.) 

In 1574, the church of Strachan was served 
along with those of Nigg and ]\Iary Culter. The 
contemporary reader at Strachan, John Irving, 
had a salary of £16 and kirk lands. 

The church stood within the burial-ground 
until 1865-G, when a new place of worship was 
erected on the north side of the road. A foun- 
tain is placed in the dyke in front of the church, 
upon which is the date of 1866, also this in- 
scription (r. p. 2 supra,) which is followed by 
quotations from John iv. 14-15 ; Rev. viii. 




There is also a Free Church at the Kirktown 
of Strachan, in which the Rev. Mr D. S. Fer- 
guson (sou of a late minister of Maryton) offi- 
ciates. He was ordained at Strachan in 1835, 
and seceded at the Disruption in 1843. A granite 
obelisk in the kirkyard bears that his successor, 

The Rev. David Martin, M. A., minister of this 
parish, died June 13, 1861, in the 59th year of his 
age, and 18th of his ministry. 

The following inscription (round the margin 
of a flat stone) appears to be the oldest in the 
churchyard : — 

NAVARCIIVS . OB . AN . 1610 . ET . ^TAT . SV^ . 48. 

[Here sleeps H. Auohenlect, late citizen of Dun- 
dee, and shipmaster there, a man of blameless life, 
who died in 1610, in his 48th year.] 

— The surname of Aiichcnleck, or Affleck — one of 
some note and antiquity in and about Dundee — is 
of territorial origin. There are various places of 
the name (? Auch-na-clach, stoney fields), in Scot- 
land, one of which lies in the parish of Monikie. 
A mural monument, to the right of the en- 
trance to the kirkyard, bears this inscription, 
upon a marble slab : — 

In memory of Colin Campbell, Esq, of Kil- 
martin and Blackhall, who died 27th April ISGl, 
in his 33d year. 

—Mr Campbell, who was an officer in the 92d 
Foot, and at the time of his death Major of the 
F. & K. Militia, left an only son, who inherits 
the estates. Colonel John Campbell (the Major's 
uncle), bought Blackhall about 1828 from the 
trustees of Mr Archibald Farquharson of Fin- 
Eean, Mr Farquharson, who was sometime an 
M.P., acquired Blackhall by marrying Miss 
Russell, one of the co-heiresses. The house, 
which is beautifully situated upon the south bank 
of the Dee, is surrounded by extensive and thriv- 
ing woods, A goat (the Russell crest), life size, 
is upon the top of each of the two principal pillars 
of the gateway, prettily cut in stone, with the 
motto — CHE SARA SARA (What will be, will be), 
Mr Russell of Blackhall was also proprietor of 
Strachan, which was bought, about 1822, by the 
late Sir James Carnegie, Bart,, father of the Earl 
of Southesk. Sir James built the shooting lodge 
— a " lovely Highland home" — near bridge of 
Dye. In 1856, the property was sold to Sir Tho- 
mas Gladstone of Fasque, Bart. 

The following epitaph is from a headstone : — 

J. Abernethy, tenant, Gateside, d. 1705, a. 36: — 
If at this humble urn 

An honest relative should come and mourn — 
" Here rests my friend" — they weeping at my 

Shall cry, — It's all the Epitaph I have. 

The next inscription and lines were composed 
by Alex. Laing of Brechin, author of " Wayside 
Flowers," who wrote some verses on the death of 
Grant, also a brief notice of his life: — 

In memory of Joseph Grant, author of " Tales 
of the Glens," and other pieces in prose and verse, 
who died April 14, 1835, aged 30 years. Erected 
by his father and mother, Robert and Isobel Grant, 
Affrosk, Banchory-Ternan : — 

Tho' young in years, and not unknown to fame ; 

Tho' worth and genius both had told his name ; 

Tho' hope was high, and certain honor near, 

He left the world without a sigh or tear ;-— 



Yes ! trusting in the Saviour's power to save, 
No sting had death, no terror had the grave ; 
His parting words, in prospect of the tomb, 
Were, *' Dearest Mother, 1 am going home !" 

— Grant died while the Tales of the Glens were 
passing through the press. It is an interesting 
little volume, and preserves many pieces, both in 
prose and verse, illustrative of the history and 
traditions of the Mearus. Since the stone was 
raised to Grant's memory, the deaths of his father 
and mother have been recorded upon it. The 
former died in 1868, aged 82, and the latter in 
1855, aged 71. 

Strachan was granted by William the Lion 
to William Giffard (ancestor of Lord Yester), 
who was sent on a mission to England in the year 
1200. At a later date Alan the Durward is said 
to have had a residence upon the Castlehill, about a 
mile west from the Kirktown, where Fraser, Thane 
of Cowie, had a stronghold in 1351. The once 
powerful, and still common surname of Strachan, 
in Angus and the Mearns, is said to have been 
assumed from this locality. The place itself seems 
to have been named from its abounding in rivers 
and streams, the Gaelic words, Stratli-a'en, or 
Srutlian.1 having some such meaning. 

The Lady Bridge, which maij indicate the 
name of the patron saint of the church, is between 
the kirk and Whitestone. The bridge of Dreip 
between the Kirktown and Glen Dye, and that 
of the Feugh, near Banchory-Ternan, are ro- 
mantic and picturesque objects. Views of the 
Bridges of Dye and Feugh, also of the house of 
Blackball, are given by J. S. Paterson, drawing 
master, Montrose, in a series of interesting local 
views, with short notices (folio, about 1825.) 

The Bridge of Dye was built at the cost of Sir 
Alex. Fraser of Durris, assisted by a mortification 
of 2000 merks, left by Mr George Meldrum 
[? Melville] , minister of Alford. By Acts of Par- 
liament (1681 and 1685), tolls were allowed to be 
levied for persons and animals, &c., for the pur- 
pose of keeping the bridge in repair. 

There is also a bridge across The Spital Burn, 
a name which invariably implies that the place so 
called was a Jiospiiiiim, or place of refreshment for 
wayfarers. In Strachan there was a Spital near 
the lodge of Glen Dye, for the convenience of 
travellers by the Cairn-o'-Mounth road, which, in 
old times, was one of the chief thoroughfares be- 
tween the Highlands and the Lowlands (v. Fet- 


Those welcome retreats, which were one of the 
many holy and benevolent institutions of the Early 
Church, were planted in almost all the passes of 
the country. They appear to have been con- 
ducted upon much the same principle as the famous 
hospice of St Bernard on the Alps, and were occu- 
pied by churchmen, who were accountable for 
their doings to the Bishops of the Church, or the 
Prior of the Abbey upon which they were de- 

But, if certain names of places in the locality 
and tradition are to be relied upon, something 
more than refreshment and shelter were required 
by travellers crossing The Cairn., since not a few 
places are pointed out as the haunts of robbers 
and murderers, stories of some of whose deeds 
are given in Grant's Tales of the Glens. The 
curious affair of Dr Rule and an apparition in a 
" deserted house," as related in Wodrow's Ana- 
lecta, has formed the basis of a ballad in the 
Scottish Journal (i. 214), entitled " The Murder 
of Cairn o' Mount." 

" The Stane o' Clochnaben" (? the hill of the 
stone), an immense granite rock which projects 
from the face of Clochnaben, is a striking feature 
in the district. It is seen from many different 
and distant points ; and, according to local rhyme, 
it is one of two prominent landmarks : — 

" There are two landmarks off the sea — 
Clochnaben and Beuachie." 

It is said that the Rev. Andrew Cant, who 
played a more prominent than consistent part 
during the times of the Covenant, was the son of 
the laird of Glendye. It is certain that Earl 
Marischal held a large part of Strachan during the 
Civil Wars, and that the Highlanders, on more 



occasions thcan one, plundered his lands of " horss, 
nolt, and scheip." Spalding also relates, 1644, 
that " ane feirfull vnnaturall fyre, quhilk kyndlit 
of itself, brynt the bigging" of the EarVs town of 
Gellen, including " ane byre with nolt and 
oxin, none knowing quhairfra it cam ;" an 
event which Spalding quaintly remarks, "seimit 
to be ane prognostick of far gryter fyre raisit on 
this Earllis landis." 

Dr Thomas Reid, author of the Inquiry into 
the Human Mind, was born at the manse of 
Strachau in 1710. His father was parish minister, 
and his mother, who had twenty-nine children by 
her husband, was a daughter of Mr Gregory of 
Kinairdy, a relative of the famous mathemati- 
cians of that name (v. Maknoch.) 

'^iVlltUtt, or %i\ms, 


I^HE church of Edeinjn, or Id vies, belonged to 
^ the diocese of St Andrews, and was dedi- 
cated by Bishop David in 1243. It is rated at 
15 merks in the Old Taxation. 

James Victie, parson of Edevyn, swore fealty 
to King Edward in 1296. 

In an ordinance issued by the Bishop for the 
purpose of changing the site of the manse of 
Idvies in the year 1388, the new ground is de- 
scribed as being bounded on the east of the 
church by a ford upon the Vuany, at a heap of 
stones, near the foot of the rock, called Craignacre 
(Reg. Prior. S. Andree.) A well or spring in the 
locality still bears the name of Sinruie. This 
is probably a corruption of the name of S. Ruf- 
Fus, or S. Makluubha, to whom the kirk may 
have been dedicated. There are other wells in the 
district, one is called I'othel {? twatJiil, the north) 
well, a second the Medicie well (a sort of chaly- 
beate), and a third the Spout. 

It is said that the old kirk stood upon the lands 
of Gask, in a field called the Kirk-shed, from 

which it was removed to its present position about 
the beginning of the last century. Possibly an 
old font, which lies in a neglected state in the 
burial-ground, was taken fi-om that place. It 
presents a grotesque carving of a human face. 

After the Reformation, the kirk of Idvies, and 
those of three adjoining parishes, were served by 
one minister, at a stipend of £133 6s 8d and 
kirk lands. David Guthrie, reader at Idvies, had 
£20 of salary. 

The date of 1655 is upon the " kirk ladels," 
which corresponds with the time of Mr John 
Balvaird, who was translated to Glamis (Scott's 
Fasti. ^ I am told that the kirk bell bears the 
words, " Bell of Idyie." 

The present church, which has a square tower 
at the west end, is in good repair. An inscribed 
tablet in the porch bears this account of the 
building : — 

Hanc c-edera, Rev. Davide Carrutheks ijas- 
tore, D. Paterson et J. Carrie presbyteris, A.D. 
MDCCCXXV, Joannes Baxter de Idvie, Thomas 
Gardyne de Middletoun, Alexv^nder Lyell de 
Gardyne, Jacobus Mudie de Pitmuies, Joannes 
Watt de Kinneries, domini pra;diorum in parochia 
jacentium, denuo struendam curarunt. Andrea 
Spence, architecto, Don. Mackay, Jac. Milne, 
Geo. Fyfe, artificibus. 

[John Baxter of Idvie, Thomas Gardyne of 
Middletoun, Alex. Ly'ell of Gardyne, Jas. Mudie 
of Pitmuies, and John Watt of Kinneries, j)roprie- 
tors of lands situated in this parish, caused this church 
to be rebuilt in 1S25, the Rev. David Carruthers 
being minister, and D. Paterson and J. Carrie, 
elders. Andrew Spence, architect. Don. Mac- 
kay, Jas. Milne, and Geo. Fyfe, artificers.] 

The Middletoun pew, in the south-east corner 
of the kirk, contains five oak panels, all charged, 
in pale, with the Gardyne arms, and those of the 
wives of various lairds. A contemporary panel 
presents the Gardyne and Arbuthnott coats, ini- 
tialed I. G : E. A. These initials refer to John 
Gardyne and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir J. 
Arbuthnott of that Ilk. This lady bore twenty- 
four children to her husband (c. Inverkeilor.) 
The other shields (which are modern) exhibit the 



Gardyne arms, and those of (1), Watson of Barry ; 
(2), Graham of Duntrune ; (3), Wallace (of Ar- 
broath) ; and (4), (a saltire wavy, between a 
heart in base and chief, and a rose, sinister and 
dexter, for (?) 

The Gardynes of that ilk appear to have lost 
the lands from which they assumed their surname, 
during the latter half of the 16th century (v. Me- 
morials of Angus and Mearns.) James Gardyne 
of Lawton, bought a part of the lands of the 
Middletoun of Gardyne about 1682, the remainder 
having been subsequently acquired from an 
ancestor of the present laird of Gardyne. The 
property of Middletoun, upon which there is a 
neat mansion-house, is possessed by Mr T. M. 
Bruce-Gardyne, representative, through a female, 
of the Gardynes of that ilt. A slab built into 
the farm offices at Middletoun bears the initials, 
D. G., the date of 1692, also the Gardyne arms 
and motto, my hoip is only in the lord. 

The laird of Lawton, and two namesakes, joined 
their fortunes with the " Royal Stuarts" under 
the Earl of Panmure, in the respective positions of 
captain, lieutenant, and adjutant. They were all 
at Sheriffmuir ; and the laird of Lawton, and 
Charles Gardin of Bittistern (Bellastrine^, were 
among the prisoners (Patten's History), who were 
brought to Stirling on the 14th of Nov. 1715. 

The Castle of Gardyne, {v. Inveekeilor), is 
occupied by the present laird, Alex. Lyell, Esq. ; 
and a granite monument, within an enclosure, at 
the east end of the kirk of Kirkden, bears this 
record of his father and some of the family : — 

Erected by EIi;^abeth Gibb Lyell, in memory of 
her beloved husband, Alexander Lyell, Esq. of 
Gardyne, who died Nov. 1852, aged 68 years. 
And of their children, viz. : — 

Thomas, who died Nov. 1821, aged 6 months, 
Charles, ,, June 1825, ,, 8 weeks, 
Andrew, ,, Aug. 1842, ,, 11 years, 
Jane, „ Dec. 1842, „ 13 years. 

Also Dr Robert, who unfortunately lost his life 
on the night of the 3d July 1857, in the 32d year 
of his age, while quelling the Insurrection at Patua 
during the rebellion in India, and whose remains 
lie there. 

— Mr Lyell, who devotes his time to agricultural 
pursuits, and the improvement of his property, 
writes that the Lyells of Gardyne are descended 

"Walter Lyell, hereditary town-clerk of Mon- 
trose, who was the son of James Lyell of BaUma- 
leddie and Jean Hay, daughter of William Hay 
of Urie. He was born in 1595, and first married a 
Miss Hamilton, from the South Country, by whom 
he had one son, Mr David Lyell of Ballhall, and 
Minister of Montrose, who had two sons — 1. Mr 
James Lyell, advocate, who died unmarried ; 2. Mr 
Peter Lyell, married to Dowager Lady Halkerton, 
who also died without issue. 

' ' Walter Lyell married for his second wife 

Findlayson, daughter of Findlayson of Gagie, 

by whom he had one sou— Thomas Lyell of Dysart, 
— from whom I am descended. 

" I may also remark that in 1798 my ancestor, 
Thomas Lyell of Gardyne, and merchant in Mon- 
trose, who married Marjory Renny, daughter of 
Patrick Renny of Usan, pulled down a large por- 
tion of the old Castle of Gardyne, and re-built a 
large portion of the present house. 

"It appears from my old charters, 1. that, in 1602, 
Andrew RoUock, son of Sir Walter Rollock, con- 
veyed the whole lands and barony of Gardyne to 
Sir Robert Creighton of Cluny, who held it two 
years ; 2. Sir Robert Creighton of Cluny conveyed 
to James Curie, the same subjects, in 1607 ; 3. 
James Curie to Jean Connolly in 1610 ; 4. Jean 
Connolly to Margaret Connolly in 1620 ; 5. Mar- 
garet Connolly and Sir John Scott of Newburgh, 
to William Ruthven in 1623 ; 6. William Ruthven, 
son of the former, to James Lyell, merchant in 
London, in 1682." 

The church-yard of Kirkden contains several 
tombstones. The oldest, so far as I have noticed, 
(from a flat slab, with sand glass, skull, and 
cross bones), bears this inscription :— 

(^ Heir lyis Robert Dvthie, hvsband to 
Evphane Gvdlet, somtyme in Balmadie, who died 
in Desem. 1667, and of his age the 47 : 
I rest in hope 
and shal Aryse 
To reigne with Christ 
►J- above the Skyes. 



Another slab, with the name of Agnes Dall, 
is dated 1668. From an adjoining stone, broken 
and dateless : — 

LLiAM , Stevinsone . hvsband . to 

Beatrix Stv 

Novr. . and . of . age . the .59 

The next epitaph is from a monument erected 
by Jaimes Lesly, in memory of his wife (date 
defaced) : — 

A N E . 

; P T E A F 

From a table-shaped stone : — 

In hopes of a blessed resurrection, here lyis the 
dust of HoBERT Alexander, sometime Teunent in 
Parconon, late husband to Isobel Scot, betwixt 
whom were procreate six children, vizt., William, 
Jean, Isobel, Robert, John, and Thomas Alexander. 
He died the 19 of June 1738, of age 43 years — 
The penetrating art of man, 
Unfold this secret never can, 
How long men shall live on the Earth,' 
And how, or where give up their Breath. 
The person of whom this I write, 
Ah ! dy'd by a mournfuU fate ; 
An old clay chimney that downfall 
Kill'd both his servant and himsell, 
Which should alarm men every where 
For their last hour well to prepare. 
That death may never them surprise ; 
For as the tree falls so it lies. 
Quce mea sors hodie eras fore vestra potest. 
[My fate to-day may be yours to-morrow.] 

An adjoining stone, embellished with carvings 
of fire-tongs, a shovel, and broom, and a rose and 
thistle, bears this epitaph upon Isabella Clark, 
who died in 1740, after bearing 13 children to her 
husband Wm. Scott, blacksmith :— 

Here rests the bones of six and on 
WhoB ghosts are to the heavens gon ; 

A parent with 5 children mo 

Doth live, while death may call us so. 

The next inscription is from a broken slab, 
richly carved. Graceful and well-proportioned 
figures of Justice, with a balance in hand, and of 
Faith, with an open book, respectively flank the 
first four lines : — 

As death leaueth the, 

So shall judgment find the. 

Deal] justly— fear no death. 

I . H : I . E. 

Here lyes Janet Roy, spouse to John Hay in 
Easter Idvie, who departed this life Gth of Novem- 
ber 1716, and brought forth by her six children, 
tuo sons, David and John, and four daughters, 
Margaret, Issobel, Jannet, and Agnes Hays. 

John, a. 16, son of David Hay and Margt. 
Morgan, d. 1744 : — 

Here lyes a youth, an eldest son, 

But ere a man away he's gone, 

And left his parents both to mourn. 

While here below they do sojourn. 

Their hopes of him no doubt were great, 

Which the more sorrow does create ; 

A good advice he had to give 

To those behind him he did leave. 

Oh, fading, fleeting, empty show, 

Is every comfort here blow ; 

But cease from fears which you annoy — 

He's enter'd into his Lord's joy. 

David Hay, a. 5, another son, d. 1746 : — 
Here lyes a child, of sons the last, 
Where with this family was blest ; 
He like a morning flower appear'd, 
By him his parents' hearts were cheer'd 
But what are children but a loan — 
When God calls back, are we to groan ? 
He's gone to heav'n and got the start : 
Long to be there, you'll no more part. 

Janet Greig, wf. of Wm. Mill (1730) :— 

Let none suppose the Relicts of the Just, 
Are here wrapt up to perish in the Dust ; 
No. Like last fruits her time she fully stood. 
Till being grown in Faith, and ripe in good — 




With steadfast Hope that she another day- 
Should rise with Christ — with Death here down 
she lay. 

The Poor her almes ; the World her praise ; 

The Heavens her soul ; and the Grave her body has. 

Upon a plain headstone : — 

Here lies interred the body of the Reverend Mr 
Iames Moir, who was ordained minister of the 
Gospel at Kirkden, the 30th of April 1735, and died 
the 28th of January 1753. 

— Mr ]\loir was assistant to ]\Ir Ferguson of 
Arbroath when he was appointed to Kirkden. A 
plate for collecting " the offering" bears his name, 
and the date of 1735. His initials also appear 
upon a slab (built into the east side of the kirk- 
yard gate), along with this couplet : — 

^Sr All ye who enter at this gate 

now prepare for your last state. 

From a flat slab : — 

Erected by William, James, Elizabeth, & Mary 
Cowie, &c. , Elizabeth and Grizel Knox, in memory 
of the Revd. W^illiam Milligan, minister of Kirk- 
den, who died [in the] 89th year of his age, and 
49th of his ministry, Nov. 15, 1823. 

Adjoining the last quoted : — 

Erected by Margaret Carruthers, in grateful re- 
membrance of her uncle the Rev. David Carru- 
thers, late minister of this parish, who died 21st 
Novr. 1846, aged 61 years. 

RoBT. Taylor, farmer, Backboth, d. 1772, a. 65 : — 

Deus dedit, Deus abstulit ; 

Benedictum sit nomen Dei. [Job i. 21.] 

— Backboth, which is in the parish of Carmyllie 
(qv.), was once the site of a church. The site is 
still pointed out, not far from the inarch between 
Dunnichen and Carmyllie. 

Idvies was a thanedom, and the names of two 
of the thanes, Gyles and Maiise, are on record ; 
also those of persons who bore the surname of 

Notices of some of the old proprietors of Idvies 
will be found in Mem. of Angus and the Mearns. 
It need only be here said that the property of 
Idvies was bought from the heirs of Mr John 
Baxter, bank agent, Dundee, by Mr J. C. Brodie, 
W.S., in 1865, and that Mr Brodie, who is Crown 
Agent for Scotland, and a son of Brodie of Lethen 
(descended from Alexander, son of Brodie of that 
ilk), has very much added to the value and ap- 
pearance of Idvies. Besides new carriage drives, 
and large additions to, and alterations upon, the 
mansion-house, gardens, and offices, the farm- 
steadings over the property are being renewed, 
or otherwise made suitable to the present ad- 
vanced state of agriculture. 

Pitmuies belonged to a cadet of Airlie in the 
time of Guynd, who (c. 1682), says it is "a good 
house, well planted, and lyes pleasantly on the 
water of Evenie." Pitmuies is now the property 
of Mr Mudie, the worthy representative of an old 
Forfarshire family (v. Inverkeilor.) It is near 
the Guthrie railway station, where there is a 
sculptured stone, which, according to tradition, 
had some connection with the defeat of the Danes 
at Barry. 

The village of Friockheim (formerly " Friock 
Feus"), was begun about 183-. It is now a 
populous place, situated on the east side of the 
parish, and holds of JNIr Bruce- Gardyne of Middle- 
ton. In the vicinity is a well-kept cemetery, with 
a number of tombstones. 

An Extension Church, opened in 1835 in con- 
nection with the Establishment, was erected into 
a quoad sacra parish in 1870. The Rev. Mr Thos. 
Wilson, the first minister of the church, seceded 
at the Disruption, when a Free Church was 
erected at the village. 

The river Vinny is crossed by a number of 
bridges. One of two arches, which joins the 
parishes of Kirkden and Dunnichen at the village 
of Letham, is dated 1820. The bridges at Pit- 
muies House, and Pitmuies Toll, were built re- 
spectively in and 1771, and that at Hatton 

IVIill is dated 1819. 




^T is supposed (Skene's Chronicles of the Picts), 
Jt that the church of St Cyrus, also called 
Ecclesgri(j, was founded by Grig, or Ciric, who 
succeeded to the Pictish throne about A.D. 877. 

Some writers suppose that there was a priory 
at St Cyrus. This opinion appears to be founded 
Tipon a charter by William the Lion, who (Reg. 
Prior. S. Andree), grants and confirms to the 
monks of St Andrews the church of Eglesglrg, 
■with all its just pertinents, in free and perpetual 
alms gift^ with the chapel of S. Rule, and with 
the half carucate of land in which the said chapel 
is situated, by all their righteous and ancient 
marches ; and with the Ahhey land of Eglesgirg 
by all its ancient and righteous marches, and 
with common pasture to the canons, and their 
own dwelling on the foresaid lands, along with 
my thanes (or stewards), and along with viy men 
throughout the whole parish of Eglesgirg, &c. 
The expression " my men" in this sense means 
the puri nativi—ihQ serfs, or tillers of the soil — 
who were at, and for long after the date of this 
charter, conveyed along with property in Scot- 
land from one landholder to another. 
■ The site of the chapel of S. Rule is unknown ; 
but in 1242, the church of EgglesgercTi was dedi- 
cated by Bishop David of St Andrews (Concilia 
Scotise.) It is rated in the Old Taxation at 60 
merks. In 1574, Mr Alexander Allardes, who had 
"his awin pensioun, &c.," officiated there and 
at Aberluthuot, now Marykirk. John Burnet 
was reader at Ecclesgrig, and had a salary of 
£17 15s G'iid. 

The ancient church had a romantic site at the 
foot of the highest rocks, locally called " the 
steeples," near the sea, and thither the people 
repaired for worship until about 1632, when a 
new church was built upon " the brae heads," near 
the site of the present edifice. The site of the 
old church can be traced in the 


Interments are still made there ; and the Stra- 
tons of Kirkside had their burial-place near the 
east end of the kirk. An old tomb (enclosed), 
ornamented with curious heraldic and mortuary 
devices, presents these traces of an inscription : — 


1646 , ^TATis . sv^ . 68 ....... 

— This was the wife of Arthur, the first Straton 
of Kirkside. He acquired the lands by purchase 
from the Lord of the Regality of St Andrews ; 
and in 1657, his son Mr Arthur was served heir 
to these, as well as to the towns and lands of 
Scotston and Marchrie (^indg. Mercury), 8a;. The 
last-mentioned were within the barony of Wit- 
stou, and regality of Lindores. 

The male succession of the Stratons of Kirk- 
side failed in Joseph Straton. He was succeeded 
by his nephew, Joseph Muter, afterwards General 
Sir Joseph, who, in virtue of his uncle's will, 
assumed the surname of Siraton. Upon a massive 
monument of Peterhead granite is the following 
succinct account of the General's career : — 

Sacred to the memory of Sir Joseph Straton of 
Kirkside, Companion of the Bath ; Knight of the 
Guelphic Order of Hanover, and of the Order of St 
Vladimir of Russia; Lieut. -General in the British 
Army ; youngest son of Willm. Muter, Esq. of 
Anufield, Fifeshire, and Mrs Janet Straton of Kirk- 
side, Kincardineshire. This brave and accom- 
plished oflficer entered the army in early life, and 
served with distinguished honor during the Pen- 
insular War and at Waterloo, under Field Marshal 
the Duke of Wellington. At the commencement 
of the battle of Waterloo he commanded his own 
regiment the 6th Dragoons untill the fall of the 
gallant Ponsonby, to whose brigade it belonged, 
when the command of the brigade devolved upon 
him. Towai-ds the close of the action Sir Joseph 
Straton was wounded, and upon the termination 
of the war, in reward of his services, he had various 
Military Honors conferred upon him. He died 
Colonel of the Inniskilling Dragoons, at London, 
2.3d Oct. 1840, in the 63d year of his age, and is 
interred here by his own desire. 



— Sir Joseph Straton was succeeded by a nephew, 
to whose memory a handsome granite monument 
(erected by his widow), about H feet in height, 
with a medalHon of Mr Straton by Steele of 
Edinburgh, is thus inscribed : — 

In memory of George-Thomas Straton of Kirk- 
side : Died 16 Feby., 1872, aged 68. 

— According to tradition, Stratons possessed 
Lauriston from a remote period. They certainly 
owned lands somewhere in the Mearns in the 
time of Edward I. In 1411, Straton " of Lau- 
riston" fell at Harlaw. The tower of the old 
fortalice still stands at Lauriston, adjoining the 
modern mansion-house ; and at Chapeltoun, a 
little to the eastward, stood an ancient place of 
worship, dedicated to S. Laurence (v. Mem. of 
Angus and JNIearns.) 

Another monument, with the Straton and 
Ogilvy arms impaled, and the motto, tento, 
bears : — 

This monument was composed by Robert 
Straton, Here table tacksman of the Lands of 
WardroptoD, descended of the autient family of 
Lauriston for a burying ..... 

Upon a more modern tablet, batted to the stone 
from which the above is copied : — 

In memory of Robert Straton, who erected 
this monument anno 1731, and died 4th March 
1740 : also his spouse Katherine Burnet, who 
died 29th Dec. 1744 ; also their son Robert, who died 
28th Oct. 1764, aged 80 years ; also his spouse 
Girzal Lyon, lawful daughter of the Rev. Mr 
Patrick Lyon, sometime minister of the Gospel at 
Roscobie, who died 11th Oct. 1765, aged 74 years : 
had issue George, Katherine, Janet, and Helen. 

— The lands of Warburton gave surname to a 
family in old times, one of whom, John of Ward- 
roperisthone, granted a charter of " Wardroperis- 
thonue in the Marnys," to Sir John of Inch- 
martin, knight, 1331, in exchange for certain 
lands in the Carse of Gowrie, (Spald. Club Mis., 
V. 10.) 
From the door lintel of a roofless aisle : — 



[A.D. 1673. Mr David Campbell, pastor of St 
Gregory's church, erected this tomb, where lie in- 
terred his dearly beloved wife Margaret Garnegy, 
4 sons, 5 daughters, 2 grand-children, together with 
3 friends.] 

— Mr Campbell was previously minister at 
Careston. While there, on 4th April 1643, he 
was (^Brechin Sess. Records), "contractit with 
INIarat Carnegy in this paroch : caur for them 
both, Alexr. Carnegy of Cuikstoune." Carnegy 
of Cookstone, near Brechin, was a cadet of the 
Southesk family. Wodrow says that Campbell 
was a non-conformist ; but this (Fasti) appears 
to be a mistake. Dr Scott also states that Camp- 
bell attended the army to Newcastle in 1640. In 
1674, he was served heir to his father, John 
Campbell, in the sunny half lands and town of 
Cowbyre, in the lordship of Cupar, and county 
of Perth (Retours.) 

The Grahams of Morphie had their chief 
burial place here, but no stone bears their name. 
The only old funeral monument, so far as I know, 
which belongs to the family, is a slab within the 
church of Kiuneff {q.v.) The Morphie aisle at 
St Cyrus, long ruinous, was recently rebuilt by 
Mr Barron Graham, who is laird of Morphie, and 
representative of that branch of the Grahams. 

Mr Graham of Morphie, who studied at the 
Royal Academy, London, followed the profession 
of a painter for several years, until his eyesight 
was accidentally injured. Since then he has 
amused himself with collecting coins and medals, 
&c.,with the view of illustrating the progress of art 
from the earhest period. Besides Morphie, Mr 
Graham owns Stone of Morphie, a property so 
named from an undressed stone which stands 
in the farm-yard. The stone is about 11^ feet 
high, varying in breadth from 3 feet 4 inches 
at bottom to 2 feet 4 at top. It varies in 
thickness from about 2 feet 4 to 1 foot 9 inches. 
Tradition connects " the Stone o' Morphie," 
and a place called the Dane's Den, with the 
Danish conflicts of Malcolm's time. Be this as 



it may, when a search was made some years ago, 
humau remains, " of large size," were found 
below the stone, which proves it to have been a 
funeral monument. Owing to erroneous infor- 
mation, the late Sir Jas. Simpson, in his Address 
to the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, stated 
that the stone had been destroyed. 

The Grahams of Morphie (says Nisbet) were 
an ancient branch of the house of Graham, in the 
time of Robert I., and the lands of Morphie were 
confirmed to them by Robert II. There were 
three Knights in the family of Morphie ; and 
owing to the part which the Grahams took in the 
Civil Wars, and other causes, the lands were 
sold for behoof of creditors, after the death 
of the last lady of Morphie (who was a sister of 
Claverhouse), about 1727. The bulk of the pro- 
perty fell into the hands of Scott of Brotherton ; 
but the Mains of Morphie was re-acquired by the 
son of the above-named lady, who served in the 
Warsof Queen Anne. The present laird excambed 
the lands of Balindarg, near Kirriemuir, for those 
of Stone of Morphie. 

It was to his kinsmen, the lairds of Morphie 
and Fintray (Spalding Club Misc., vol. v.), that 
the second Marquis of Montrose, by letter dated 
30th March 1661, requested the provost and 
magistrates of Aberdeen to deliver the hand of 
his celebrated father, which had been placed upon 
a pinnacle of the Tolbooth of that City by order of 
the Scots Parliament. According to a contem- 
porary record, " that member of his fatheres," 
which had been buried in the church of St 
Nicholas, was disinterred, 25th February 1661, by 
the local authorities, and put in a coffin "coverit 
■with ane reid crimpsone velvit cloth, and caried 
by Ilarie Grahame, sone to the Laird of Morphye" 
to the Town House, accompanied by the magis- 
trates, the inliabitants " goeing before in armes 
. . . . with sound of trumpet and beat of 
drum," and there the hand was to be kept until 
requested to be given over to the son of " the 
laite murtherit Marques." 

The following is from a monument which was 
built into the wall of the old kirk : — 

This monument was erected by Alexr. Webster, 

tenant in Ston-of Morphie, and Bonsetter, in me- 
mory of his wife and children, viz., his wife Jean 
Stevenson : Hellen, Jean, John, James, Alexr., 
Margret Websters. 

— A group of five ill-proportioned human figures 
are represented upon the monument. One is in 
the act of setting the bones of another's arm ; a 
dwarf looking figure has its hand round the knee 
of another twice its size ; and a fifth, also of small 
stature, is represented holding up its arms in the 
attitude of wonder ! The date of 1759 is upon 
the top of the gravestone ; and round a sandglass 
are the words : — 

As runs the glass, man's life doth pas. 

memento MORI. 

Another tombstone (table-shaped), belonging to 
the same family, is thus inscribed : ^ 

Here lies James Webster, sometime tenant in 
Stone of Morphie, who departed this life the 24 of 
December 172-4, in the SS^l year of his age. As also 
tuo of his daughters, Mary, who died in infancy, 

14 June 1714, and Isobel 

He was a person very well esteemed, and his 
wonderful skill and success in curing vast numbers 
of distressed people made him equally useful and 
beloved while alive, and now justly regretted. 

From a table-shaped stone : — 

Heir lies interred the corps of ane discreet man 

named David Walker, somtyme de- 

partit this lyfe the 7 of October 1693 years, and of 
his age 55 : — 

Remember all as yov goe by 

Vpon lasting eternity : 

And that e'er long yov all mvst 

Betvrn again vnto the dvst. 

The next seven inscriptions are from head- 
stones : — 

Francis Graham's wife (1747) :— 

Remember, man, as thou goest by, 
As thou art now, so was I ; 
Into that palace I will look. 
Where Christ hath gone before, 
To pave the way into his flook. 
And keep an open door. &c. 



Katren, dr. to Geo. Barclay, d. 1780, a. 29 ;— 
When first I dreu ; the breath of 
Life : I nothing kneu at all : yet 
Long before my Death I kneu 
That I with Adam fell 
my body lays neer to this stone 
Waiting the morning call : 
When Christ will take me by the 
hand : he is my all and alL 

Alex. Roberts d. 1798 ; his wf. Catherine 
Straton, d. 1795 : — 

If honour wait on pedigree, 

And ancient blood we boast ; 
I claim descent from Adam, 

Who of mankind was first. 
From Noah next my line I have, 

Through Cambria's hardy sons, 
To Scotia's bleak, but friendly clime, 

In earth to lay my bones. 

1798.— Robert Burness and Janet Ritchie, 
was married 10th April, and had the following issue 
[8 children recorded, 4 of whom appear to have been 
alive in 1798] :— 

All shall die and turn to dust ; 

We hope to rise, and be with Christ. 

Anonymous : — 

The saints are Pilgrims here below, 
And tow'rds their country heaven go. 

David Spankie, writer in Montrose, son of Wm. 

S., tenant. Brae of Pert, was drowned, 2d Aug. 

1807, while bathing, a. 21 :— 

Low here his mouldering body laid. 

Now wrapt in death's oblivious shade ; 

I trust his soul dwells with the blesst, 

In mansions of eternal rest. 

Let every one who reads his fate, 

Reflect on life's uncertain date ; 

And learn to run their worldly race, 

That they through Christ may die in peace. 

His parents hope to meet again 

Their son, beyond the reach of pain. 

And sin, and death, when saints shall rise. 

To reign immortal in the skies. 

Abridged : — 

Robert Brown, died 1822, aged 88. "He was an 
elder in said pariah for 51 years." 

Within an enclosure, near the south-west 
corner of the burial-ground, a neat monument, 
with marble slab, bears the following inscription 
from the accomplished pen of the late Mr James 
Burues of Montrose : — 

To the memory of George Beattie, writer in 
Montrose, who died 29th Sept., 1S23, in the 38th 
year of his age. This monument was erected by the 
Friends who loved him in life and lamented him 
in death. In his Disposition, he was just, chari- 
table, and benevolent ; in his Principles, firm and 
independent ; in his Genius, forcible and pathetic ; 
and in his Manners, plain and social. His virtues 
are deeply engraved in the hearts of those who 
knew him, and his literary productions will be ad- 
mired while taste for original humour and vigorous 
expression remain. 

— Beattie was the son of a crofter and salmon- 
fisher at Whitehills, in this parish. His father 
subsequently held an appointment in the Excise. 
Young Beattie wrote, besides other poems, that of 
"John o' Arnha'," a humorous and satirical pro- 
duction, in the style of Burns' " Tam o' Shanter." 
Beattie's poems, which have been often printed, 
possess more than ordinary merit, and his sad end 
has a melancholy interest : He died in the solemn 
and lonely spot where his remains lie buried. 


As before stated, the parish church of St Cyrus 
was removed from the sea-shore to the present 
site, not far from the top of the cliffs, and at the 
Village or Kirktown, about the year 1632. This 
was during the incumbency of Mr Andrew Col- 
lace, who was previously minister at Garvock, 
and latterly at Dundee (_Scott's Fasti.) 

A Free Church stands near the railway station. 
It was built for the Rev. Dr Alexander Keith, 
author of the Evidence of the 'Iruth of the 
Christian Religion, and other works, who seceded 
at the Disruption in 1843. Dr Keith, whose 
father was minister at Keith-hall {q.v.)^ suc- 
ceeded Mr Trail at St Cyrus in 1816. 



The corner stone of an inclosure, called Lauris- 
ton's Aisle— a,n aisle of the old parish church- 
bears the initials, in monogram, of I. S : E. O. 

Within the same enclosure were interred the 
remains of Alexander Porteous, Esq., of Lau- 
riston, who died there on the 7th of June 1872, 
in his 74th year. Mr Porteous, who made a for • 
tune abroad, is said to have been the first to send 
into this country from India samples of jute— a, 
kind of flax, to the successful management of 
which, it may be said, the manufacturers in the 
counties of Forfar and Fife, &c., are indebted for 
their fortunes. IMr Porteous, who was also the 
principal promoter of the Montrose and Bervie 
Railway, belonged to Crieff in Perthshire, and 
married a sister of Mr Scott of Brotherton, by 
whom he leaves a family. 

A new kirk was erected in the burial-ground 
nearly twenty years ago. It contains two hand- 
some marble tablets. One of these, built into 
the east wall, bears the arms of the family of Orr, 
and motto, true to the end, also elaboi'ate 
carvings of war trophies, and this inscrij)tiou : — 

To the memory of William-Adam Orr of 
Bridgeton, in this parish, Companiou of the Bath, 
Colonel in the lloyal Artillery, and Aide- de-Camp 
to the Queen, eldest sou of the late William Orr, 
Esqre. of H.M. Ceylon Civil Service, and of 
Bridgeton, who, after an honorable and distinguished 
career in the service of his country, died at Weston- 
super-Mare, on the 11th of Sept. 1869, from the 
effects of illness contracted during the arduous 
campaigues of 1857 and 1858, in Central India. 

This tablet is affectionately dedicated to a beloved 
brother by his sorrowing sister. 

—The second slab is in the north wall (F. Leigh- 
ton, inv. et sculp. ^ It has a handsomely carved 
border ; and a group in relief (within a circle 
near the middle of the slab) represents a female 
kneeling by the couch of an invalid. Below the 
group is the following iuscriiition, together with 
a verse from Ps. 88 : — 

In memory of Sutherland -George -Gordon 
Orr, Commandant of the 3rd Eegt. of Cavalry, 
Hyderabad Contingent, who, after many years of 
distinguished service, fell a victim to his enduring 

courage, June 19th, 1858, aged 42 years. To him 
who, uniting every domestic with every knightly 
virtue, was thus prematurely summoned to the 
grare, this tablet is erected by hia wife, as a faint 
token of a love for which there is no expression. 

—Mr Patrick Orr, W.S., who bought the pro- 
perty of Bridgeton towards the end of the last 
century, married Marjory, daughter of Mr Wm. 
Gibson of Little Fithie, in Farnell. Mr Orr was 
long sheriff -clerk of Forfarshire, in which office 
he was followed by a son, also named Patrick. 
An elder sou, William, succeeded to Bridgeton, 
and was the father of the two officers above 
commemorated, and several other children. 

Their uncle, Mr John Orr, Accountant- 
General at Madras, died at Edinburgh about 
1845. He left a considerable fortune, the in- 
terest of £1000 of which he bequeathed to the 
parish of St Cyrus to be distributed annually in 
the odd manner thus prescribed by his will : — 

"To the Clergyman of the Established Church 
of Scotland, Parish of St Cyrus, County of Kincar- 
dine, for the time being, 1 give and bequeath for 
ever the annual interest accruing from the sum of 
One thousand pounds sterling — the interest to be 
divided into five equal portions, and appropriated 
as follows : — 

"Fimt: One portion to be applied to the pur- 
chase of tea, sugar, meal, candles, flannel, and any j 
other comforts that may, by the Clergyman, be j 
thought proper, and given by him to such Poor and ' 
Needy Parishioners as he may think fit — this dis- 
tribution to be made (if possible) at the season of 
Christmas ; — 

" Second : Another portion to be given as a dona- 
tion to the Tallest Woman belonging to the Parish 
who may be Married during the year ; — 

" Third: Another portion to be given to the 
Shortest Woman belonging to the Parish who may 
be Married during the year ; — 

" Fourth : Another portion to be given to the 
Oldest Woman belonging to the Parish who may 
be Married during the year ; and, 

' ' Last : The remaining portion to be given as a 
donation to the Youngest Girl belonging to the 
Parish who may be Married during the year. 
These sums to be paid to the respective parties, or, 



in the event of death, to the heirs of the deceased, 
by the Clergyman, on the Thirty -first day of De- 
cember each year. The Clergyman should ascer- 
tain the height and age of every woman married in 
his Church during the year, and distribute the 
several portions according to his judgment — his de- 
cision in every case to be final." 

• — The mansion-house of Bridgeton, which under- 
went tasteful alterations during the late laird's 
time, is situated upon the north side of the Mon- 
trose and Bervie turnpike. Bridgeton belonged 
at one time to the Stracbans of Thornton. 

The inscriptions copied below are from tomb- 
stones in the church-yard : — 

Here lyes Bessie Smith spovs to William 
Burnet who died both in the year 16S8 of ages SO 
and 80 tvo years : — 

Death is the end of al tribvlation, 

And therefor to wyse men a swit consolation. 
— The above couplet is followed by an inscription 
in Greek capitals, to this effect : — " To him that 
overcometh will be given the fellowship of angels." 
From an adjoining slab : — 

Hier lyes Dauid Broun, lavfvll son to Dauid 
Brovn and Effie Vill, indvellers in Miltovnhavien, 
vho departed this lyf the 6 of Febrvary 1697, and 
of his age 12 yiears. 
From a flat stone : — 

Hier lys Iohn Hoge, svmt5Tne in Gapes Hall, 
who departed this lyfe the 24 of Svptember, and of 
age 57, in the year of God 1703 : — 

Grim death arests me hier to ly, 

To rest vntil the iudgement day ; 

Yet me to life God will restor, 

Vhom I vill praise for ever more. 

— " Gapes Hall," or Gapieshaugh, was Straton 

property from before 1631, until about 1669, 

when it belonged to a Mr George Gordon. It is 

now part of the Ecclesgreig estate. 

The next inscription is from a brass plate, fixed 
into an obelisk of freestone : — 

Here lie the mortal remains of the Rev. James 
Trail, minister of St Cyrus, at which place he died 
on the 1st day of May 1816, aged 59. This monu- 
ment was erected by Ann Burn, his widow, and 
Thomas Trail, and James Dow of Montrose, his 

executors, to mark the spot where his ashes are 
deposited, and as the last tribute of regard they 
had it in their power to bestow towards a near and 
beloved relative. They Mould tell his worth, but 
that the Tomb is not the proper place for praise ; 
and they know that on such a subject humility and 
silence would have been considered a more suitable 
proof of their attachment by the departed spii'it of 
their Friend. 

— Mr Trail, who was a son of the Eev. Robert 
Trail of Panbride, published a translation from 
the Latin, of a curious, and now scarce, Descrip- 
tion of the County of Angus in 1678, by the 
Rev. Robert Edward, minister of Murroes. 

In memory of Agnes Campbell, spouse of James 
Watson at St Cyrus, a very successful midwife there 
for nearly 40 years, who died 24th !May 1822, aged 
6S. She will be longest remembered by those who 
knew her best. 

Erected to the memory of Mr Alexander 
Anderson, 33 years parochial schoolmaster, who 
died 15th May 1834, aged 67. Also of his spouse, 
Mary Campbell, who died 4th January 1846, aged 
74 years. 

Stone cists, urns, human bones, and also imple- 
ments of the stone and bronze periods, have been 
found in different parts of the parish, particularly 
in the localities of Morphie and Canterland. 
About twenty years ago, bones were discovered 
in a cave near Warburton, including, as some 
supposed, remains of certain extinct, or ante- 
diluvian animals. 

The ruins of the Kaim of Mathers stand upon 
the top of an isolated rock, which juts into the 
sea. According to tradition, this stronghold was 
built by Barclay, the laird of Mathers, who joined 
the Mearns barons in boiling Sheriff MelviUe 
upon the hill of Garvock. This strange etory, 
and the cause of the building of the castle are told 
by Balfour, in " the Kaim of Mathers, a tale in 
Scottish verse," which first appeared in the Dim- 
dee Magazine for July 1822. The following Unes 
are copied from it : — 

"The land of Mathers all was hys, 
And on its steeple shore 



A fearful rocke looks o'er the waves, 

A-lysteiiing to thaer roar. 
So there tliae tiuyld a lordlie Kaim 

All onne the stonie rock, 
Which mote defle the Sovereign's arm», 
And eke the tempest's shock." 

A little to the eastward of the Witston fishing 
station, is the entrance to a cave of considerable 
height and length. It is frequented by seals and 
other amphibious animals ; and although easily- 
reached at neap, is inaccessible at spring tides. 
According to tradition, the cave stretches as far 
inland as the Castle of Lauristou ; and it is further 
said that a blind bag -piper and his dog having 
found their way into it, the wail of the pibroch 
and the howl of the dog were heard for some days 
below the kitchen hearth of the old fortalice. In 
course of time the sounds died away ; and bleached 
human and animal bones having been found in 
or about the cave, the peasantry had no difficulty 
in identifying them as those of the luckless miu- 
Btrel and his faithful companion I 

The mansion-house of Ecclesgreig, which has a 
commanding position to the north of the village 
of St Cyrus, is surrounded by well kept grounds 
and thriving woods. It was greatly improved 
and enlarged by the late laird, whose remains 
■were interred in a private burial place, which was 
consecrated by the Bishop of Brechin. It is 
situated within the policies ; and there, shaded by 
yew trees, which are planted in the form of a 
cross, a coffin-slab of Aberdeen granite bears this 
inscription : — 

In memory of William Forsyth-Grant of Ec- 
clesgreig : Born 10th Feby. 1804 ; died 18th Oct. 

We have a building of God, an house not made 
with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2d Cor. v. 1. 

—Mr Forsyth- Grant, who was a gentleman of 
large benevolence, acquired Ecclesgreig from a 
maternal uncle, who was a native of Strathspey, 
Mr Grant was succeeded by a son, late Captain 
in the 3d Hussars, who married a daughter of 
Colonel Orr of Bridgeton. The remains of Col. 
Orr also lie at Ecclesgreig, and the pedestal of a 
handsome granite cross, of the wheel pattern, 
about six feet in height, bears an inscription 

similar to that upon the monument within the 
parish church of St Cyrus. 

The house of Ecclesgreig was called Mount 
Cyrus at one time, and at an early date the house 
and lands were known as Crigie. They bore the 
latter name in 1659, when they formed part of 
the Morphie estate, and were possessed by John, 
son of Sir Robert Graham of Morphie. 

There are several hamlets within the parish. 
The Kirktown is the most considerable, and 
next to it in size is the village of Roadside. The 
established church and parish school, both of 
which are ornamental buildings, are situated at 
the Kirktown ; and at Roadside are a handsome 
school and school-house. The last-noticed were 
erected by, and maintained chiefly through the 
liberality of, the late Mr G. T. Straton of Kirk- 
side, who, although long an invalid, was an 
unostentatious and liberal benefactor to the people 
of St Cyrus. A little to the westward of the 
Straton school, a fountain of freestone bears these 
words : — 

1870 : Erected by Mrs Straton of Kirkside, 
for the benefit of the Village. 

The hamlets of Milton of Mathers and Tangle- 
ha', are situated to the eastward, and close by 
the seashore. The former of these was erected into 
a burgh of barony by the name of INIiltonhaven 
(v. Mem. of Angus and Mearns), and both are 
inhabited chiefly by a fishing population. 

Some of the bridges in St Cyrus are objects of 
interest, particularly that which crosses Den 
Finella, on the east side of the parish. Besides 
being the reputed scene of the death of Lady 
Finella, who is said to have killed King Kenneth 
III., Den Finella is a singularly romantic and pic- 
turesque place, with fine waterfalls and walks. 
The railway viaduct crosses the lower part of the 
den ; and a bridge on the Montrose and Bervie 
turnpike is dated 1815. The old bridge is a little 
to the north of the last-mentioned. 

Before the Lower North Water bridge was 
erected, the parish of St Cyrus was reached from 
the west, or Montrose side, by a dangerous ford 
and a ferry-boat. The ford was near the Mills of 
Kinnaber, and the boat was at the Poii'age, or 



Pontage Pool. The pool, which has been cele- 
brated by George Beattie in his poem of " John 
o' Aruha'," was a favourite haunt of the Water- 
kelpie, who, in allusion to the assistance he gave 
at the building of a mansion house at Morphie, is 
said to have warned passengers of impending 
danger at the pool, by giving vent to the following 
plaint, and malison against the Grahams : — 
" Sair baok an' sair banes, 

Carryin' the Laird o' Marphie's stanes ; 

The Lairds o' Marphie canna thrive 

As lang's the Kelpie is alive !" 

The bridge upon the tiurnpike road (which ad- 
joins the viaduct of the Montrose and Bervie 
railway), consists of eight arches ; and the follow- 
ing inscriptions (the one copied from a tablet at 
the south-east end of the bridge, the other from a 
slab built into the opposite parapet), give a con- 
cise history of the building : — 

^rabclkr : Pass safe and free along this Bridge, 
built by Subscription, to which the Town of Mon- 
trose, and the two adjacent Counties, contributed 
a large share. The work was first projected, and 
a liberal sum directed to be given by Thomas 
Christie, Provost of Montrose. He died before 
the Subscription was opened ; but the design wai 
ablj- taken up and successfully followed out by his 
eldest son, Alexander Christie, the succeeding 
Provost, an active and public spirited citizen, who, 
with the assistance of a Committee of the Sub- 
scribers, happily brought the work to a period. 
The foundation was laid, October 18, 1770, and 
the work was finished, October IS, 1775. John 
Smeaton, John Adams, and Andrew Barrie, 
were the architects. The same Andrew Barrie, 
mason in Montrose, and Patrick Brown, mason in 
Dryburgh, were the undertakers. The Bridge and 
the Approaches cost Six Thousand Five Hundred 
Pounds Sterling. 


This Building Erected A.D. 1775. 

His Majesty gave in aid to it, out of the 

Annexed Estates, £800 stg. 

Viator, tvto transeas ; sis memor beneficii Eegii. 

[Traveller, pass over in safety ; be mindful of the 

King's bounty.] 

^HVtht, or (^X^XXXXXX^, 


ff% RANTULY was one of the mensal churches 
^& of the Bishops of Moray. 

In 1574 Mr George Nicolson had a stipend of 
£53 6s 8d Scots as minister of Gartly and three 
adjoining parishes, and John Leslye, the contem- 
porary reader at Gartly, had a salary of 20 merks. 

The present church — a long narrow building — 
was erected in 1621, during the time of Mr Wm. 
Reid, who (Scott's Fasti), " taxed the faults of 
his parishioners bitterli, and not ia the language 
of Scripture, quherby the people, insteade of being 
edified, wer moved to laughter and derisione." 

The church belfry is an ornamental work, and 
upon it are three slabs with these words : — 

. . YIS . IS . . . RETHE 
BVLT . 1621 

10 . KOS . meason . 1621. 

The bell bears an inscription in Latin, nearly 
similar to that at Ordiquhill (supra p. 27.) It ia 
locally rendered thus : — 

" John Mowat made me, 
For the use of Gartly, 
To call upon the Clergy, 
And mourn for the Dead." 

According to a writer of 1726, " the church 
has an aisle wherein the house of Huntley ia 
buried." This was possibly the Frendraught, or 
Crichton Aisle, which entered from the nave of 
the church. The site is still indicated by a mound 
on the south side of the kirk. 

Spalding states that "the ashes and brynt 
bones" of the unfortunate barons and their 
servants who perished at the burning of Fren- 
draught in 1630, were put in " sax kistis in the 
haill, which, with gryte sorrow and cair, wes had 
to the kirk of Garntullie, and thair bureit." 

The church of Gartly, which has been fre- 
quently repaired, is a sorry fabric, and the sur- 
rounding burial ground, although it contains a 
number of monuments, presents little of general 



interest. One dateless stone, fixed to the south 
wall of the kirk, bears this brief iusciiptiou : — 
Mr Geo. Gordon, Gartly, 
an honest man, regarded by all, aged 92. 

From the area of the church-yard : — 

Sub spe beatse resurrectiouis hoc jacent tumulo 
et contumulantur in uno coguati Pater, c' Filii 
Filice' Mater. 

Alexander Smith, sometime in Drumbulge, 
dyed Novr. the 20th 173G, aged GO years ; and his 
spouse Bessie Christie, dyed March 17—, aged 
43 years, &c. 

[In this grave lie buried together, m the hope of 
a happy resurrection, a Father and Mother, with 
their Sons and Daughters.] 
From a table stone : — 

Wm. Jessiman, born in Currilaar, died there 
1801, a. 84; his sp. Elspet Burges, d. 1759, a. 43 :— 
The smiles of fortune or her frowns 

They never could me move. 
My heart was fixed on God, my hope 
Was in his boundless love. 

The next three inscriptions are from table- 
shaped stones : — 

Here lyes Elizabeth Chalmers, who died in 
Kirkhill, the 4th of Aprill 1768, aged G3 years, 
lawfull spouse to the deceased Mr John Chalmers, 
sometime notary public in Ersfield, in the parish of 
Kinnethmont. Also Janet Chalmers, spouse of 
Alex. Ingram in Coxton : she died7 Jany. 1814, aged 
73years. Alsoherson John Ingram, farmer, Coxton, 
who died 14th April 1859, aged 88 years [2 drs. re- 
corded dead.] Also his wife Janet Green, who 
died on the 14th February 1871, in her 78th year. 
Keraembcr, man, as thou goest by, 
As thou art now, so once was I. 

Here lies interred the mortal remains of James 
Sangster, sometime farmer in Moshead, who 
departed into Eternity upon the 13th April 1800 
years, after he had troad the stage of Time for the 
space of 70 years : — 

At Angel's voice and Trumpet's sonnd. 
Shall dust arise, and bones be joined. 

Under this stone is laid all that was mortal of 
James Black, son to James Black in Daugli, late 
Lieutenant in His Majesty's 98th Regiment of Foot, 

who departed this life 18th of Dec. 1789, in the 25th 
year of his age. His merits were such that they 
are to be held in estimation of all who knew him 
v.'hile memory can record worth. As also Marv 
Garioch, espoused to James Black in Daugh, who 
departed this Ufe the 9th of Jany. 179G, in the 73d 
year of her age. 

Abridged : — 

Alexander Mitchell, who erected this 

stone, died 9th Jan. 1840, aged 94 years, and ie 
here interred 

From a headstone : — 

In memory of George Forbes, late farmer in 
Whitelumbs, who died in 1833, aged 84 ; also of his 
spouse Christian Thomson, who died in 1822, 
aged 41. 

It may be worthy of note that, within the 
kirk-yard of Gartly, lie the ashes of a female, who, 
according to local story, was lost by her husband 
on the day of her marriage, and whose remains 
were forgotten by him upon that of her funeral ! 

While both incidents show the convivial state 
of society at the time, it would be ungenerous to 
look upon the latter act (for the former is not un- 
known in Scotland even at the present day), in 
any other light than that of the widower's anxiety 
to show hospitality to those who attended the 
funeral of his wife, many of whom had come from 
distant parts of the country. 

The facts of both cases are these : — A well-to- 
do farmer in Gartly was married at a considerable 
distance from his own residence ; and, when the 
bride left her father's for her new home in Gartly, 
she tvas placed, as was then customary, upon the 
pillion behind the bridegroom. When the bride- 
groom arrived at his house, he called to the 
friends, who had assembled to welcome the pair 
home — "'Tak'doun the gudewife, sirs!" "There's 
nae gudewife here !" was the reply, to which the 
bride,i:room, after a short pause, answered — " I'll 
wager yon was her 'at gaed kbit i' the burn o' 
Aul' liayne !" Messengers were despatched in 
s.^arch of the lost bride, who was found in a house, 
near the scene of the disaster, drying her garments 
by the side of "a blazin' ingle !" 

It is told, as a sequel to this " slip," that when 



the same woman died, and when the fuueral pro- 
cession was sorae distance upon the road to the 
kirkyard, thewidower suddenly called out, " Stop, 
stop, sirs!— there's a mistak' here !" Strange to 
say the remains of his wife had been forgot to be 
placed into the cart (there being but few hearses 
in those days), in which they were to be conveyed 
to their last resting place I 

Besides the parish kirk, at which, in 1650 
(Acta Pari., vi. 608), a servant of Leith of Hart- 
hill was killed in cold blood by two of Leith 's 
brothers, there were at one time three places of 
worship in Gartly. One of these stood at Kirk- 

ney (S. ), the second at Talathrewie (S. 

FixNAx), and the third at Brawliukuow (S. .) 

According to tradition, an infant son of the Baron 
of Gartly was drowned in the Bogie, in a pool 
still called Lord John's Pot, while being carried 
home, after baptism, from the chapel at Brawlin- 

Barclays, of the Towie race {v. Gamrie), were 
designed lords or barons of GrantuUy from at 
least 1367 ; and Sir Alexander, the laird of the 
period, fell at the battle of Arbroath in 1445-6. 
About a century afterwards, the lands of Gartly 
appear to have passed from the Barclays to Gor- 
don of Auchendown ; and upon the death of Sir 
Patrick Gordon of Auchendown in 1600, the 
Marquis of Huntly succeeded as heir male. 

The castle of Gartly, of which unfortunately 
very little now remains, stood upon the farm of the 
Mains of Gartly. According to Chalmers, Mary 
Queen of Scots rested at Grantuly both on her 
way to and from the North. It was also the 
scene of a ballad, called " The Barone o' Gairtly," 
which tells that the baron's lady, during his 
absence in the wars, became the wife of Gordon 
of Lesmore, and that, the baron having consulted 
" weird sisters" in a cave on the Binhill of Cairuey 
regarding the affair, revenged the insult by burn- 
ing the castle of Gartly, its faithless lady, and 
the rest ef the inmates. 

Tillieminit is perhaps the most beautiful of the 
many romantic glens and corries in Gartly ; and 

there, upon a slab built into a gable of the farm 
steading, is a shield bearing a much defaced coat 
of arms, probably those of Gordon. 

The parish of Gartly, which is wholly the pro- 
perty of the Duke of Richmond, is situated partly 
in the county of Aberdeen and partly in that of 

A Free Church was erected on the north side 
of the Bogie in 1844, the parish minister having 
seceded at the Disruption of 1843. 

There is a neat hamlet, with some shops and 
an inn, at the railway station of Gartly, from 
which the pretty district of Strathdon, and inter- 
mediate localities, may be reached daily by the 
mail car. 

© » tt n » ft i f ^. 


X'^ the year 1187, Pope Gregory VHI. granted a 
Jt confirmation charter of the church of Tanedas 
to the Prior and Canons of St Andrews (Reg. 
Prior. S. Andree) ; and in 1242 (Robertson's 
Concilise), the kirk of Tanatheys was dedicated 
by Bishop Bernhame. 

The church was a rectory of St Andrews, and 
is rated at 40 merks in one copy of the Old Taxa- 
tion, at 8 merks in a second, and at £16 6s 8d 
Scots in a third. The old orthography of the 
name is as different as the rating ; for, besides 
the examples above given, the name is spelled 
ThancJiais and Tannadyse, &c. 

In 1567, I\Ir James Rait was minister of Tan- 
nadice and Aberlemno, with £100 Scots of stipend. 
In 1574, Alex. Garden was reader, with a salary 
of £16 and kirklands. The patronage of the 
kirk belongs to St INIary's College, St Andrews. 

The present kirk, which is a neat building, was 
erected in 1846 ; and, on 4th March 1866 (the 
day upon which the widow of the late Rev. Mr 
Buist died), the internal fittings were much in- 
jured by an accidental fire. 



The church-yard has been considerably enlarged 
towards the east ; and the old portion, trenched 
a few years ago, has been otherwise improved. 
But, as some of the old lying and table-shaped 
monuments have been set upon end (a sin which, 
unfortunately, is not confined to Tannadice), 
certain portions of the inscriptions are buried. 
The following is from a stone in the position re- 
ferred to : — 
tSf Hear lyes Iean Yovng, spova to David 

Greige at the 

the 27 of December 16S6, and of her age 19 years :— 
Thir lines engraven doe record 
This Jean nov is with the Lord, 
Her body in the grave doth rest in peace, 
Her sovl vith saints above hath place. 
Heaven keeps the sovl, here the body lies, 
In earth she lived both virtvovs kind and wise. 

From a headstone : — 

Here rests the bodys of James Wilson, sometime 
in Baldoukie, who died the 25 day of Aprile 1678, 
of age 60 years. And Jean Wobster his spouse, 
who died the -7 of March 1718, of age 78 years. 
And James Wilson, his son, sometime in Bal- 

A stone (ornamented with carvings of a cheese- 
press, the culter of a plough, &c.) bears : — 

David Cuthbert, tenant in Mains of Murthill, 
raised this stone over the remains of his late spouse 
Margt. Mitchell, who died 14th May 17G7, aged 
68 years 6 months. She bare him seven children, 
vizt., Thos., David, Margaret, Elizabeth, Helen, 
Jean, and John, of whom Helen died 3 years and 
JouN 6 weeks of age : — 

Think, ye that on these mouldring Ashes tread, 
Yourselves must soon be mingled with the dead ; 
Prepare, prepare ye, for the silent Tomb : 
The dreaded Dungeon, or the expected Dome : 
Or, when the nearest, dearest joys forsake, 
And all is lost which Earth could give or take ; 
Pleasure is fled, and Beauty quite defac'd. 
The Pdeh lie stript of all, the Proud disgrac'd : 
Or, where the Saints are husht to sleep in Peace, 
While all their Labours, all their sorrows cease, 
Where in firm Hope, the Friends of Jesus rest, 
To rise Immortal, & be ever blest. 

Upon a small headstone, embellished with car- 
viugs of pen-knives, inkstands, open books, &c. :^ 

This stone was erected by David Dakers, school- 
master in Tannadice, in memory of his spouse Mar- 
GRET BiNNY, who died the 2Sth of March 1728 
years, of age 68. 

— The above-named were maternal ancestors of 
David Dakers Black, Esq. of Kergord, author of 
the History of Brechin, &c. 

Another part of the church-yard contains a 
monument to the memory of the late schoolmaster, 
Mr Herald, who died in 1863, aged 58. It was 
erected by some of his old pupils, and the inscrip- 
tion, which is in Latin, was composed by Mr 
JaS; Whamoud, now schoolmaster of Dalziel, and 
author of an interesting volume entitled " Jamie 

It was at a meeting of the heritors and minister, 
presided over by Mr Wedderburn of Islabank, 
24th Jany. 1824, that Mr Herald was admitted 
schoolmaster of Tannadice. As the minute of 
Mr Herald's appointment presents some peculiar 
features, the extracts from it, given below, may 
not be uninteresting, particularly since the good 
old Parochial system of education in Scotland has 
now given place to a National system. The 
minute provides — 

"Firat: That the person elected shall have no 
right till Whitsunday first to any accommodation 
or emoluments, excepting the schoolroom and 
school fees ; the half year's salary to be collected at 
the ordinary time, and in the usual way, by the 
schoolmaster, and to be put under the management 
of the Kirk Session and Heritors, to be applied for 
the behoof of the family of the late Mr Wm. Elmsly 
sometime schoolmaster ; — 

" Second : No cockfigbting to be permitted in the 
schoolroom, under any ijretence, under the penalty 
of two pounds to the poor of the Parish, to be pro- 
secuted for by the Kirk Treasurer ; — 

" Thi7-d : That he shall assist the Minister of 
the Parish, or any other in teaching any Sabbath 
School, the latter may institute ; and, 

"Lastly: They, viz., the Meeting, unanimously 
made choice of Mr Wm. Herald, assistant Teacher 
to Mr John Reid, Kirriemuir, to be Parochial 
Schoolmaster of the Parish of Tannadice ; and, on 



his being found properly qualified by the Presby. 
tery of Forfar to teach the branches of literature 
following, viz., The reading of English in the most 
approved manner and Grammatically, also writing, 
arithmetic, Book-keeping, Practical Mathematics, 
Land Surveying, and Latin, as fully as to qualify 
the Pupils for entering into an University, the 
meeting find him entitled to the emoluments and 
fees arising from the ofifice under the condition first- 

Four marble slabs, inserted into a freestone 
monument (on the south side of the burial- 
ground), are respectively inscribed as follows : — 


Sacred to the memory of the Eev. John Buist, 
who died at Tannadice, on the 9th Dec. 1845, in 
the 92d year of his age, and 50th of his ministry. 
And of Margaret, his youngest daughter, born at 
Tannadice, 12th June 1812, died at Edinburgh, 1st 
Aug. 1846. Also in memory of Margaret Jeffer- 
son, wife of the Rev, John Buist, who died at 
Hamilton, on the 4th March 1866, in the 86th year 
of her age. 

And of George Buist, LL.D., F.R.S., their 
eldest son, who died at Calcutta, 1st Oct. 1860, 
aged 55 years. 


Sacred to the memory of Jessie-Hadow Hunter, 
the beloved wife of Dr G. Buist, Bombay, who died 
at that Presidency, on the 5th May 1845, aged 27. 

Sacred to the memSry of James Buist, merchant, 
Dundee, second son of the Rev. John Buist : born 
at Tannadice, 10th July 1810, died at Dundee, 28th 
March 1844. 


Sacred to the memory of John Buist, third son 
of the Rev. John Buist, who died at Tannadice, 7th 
June 1824, in the ninth year of his age. Also of 
Charles Buist, his fourth and youngest brother, 
who died at Dundee, 3d Dec. 183G, in the fifteenth 
year of his age. 

— The Rev. Mr Buist, who was a native of Abdie, 
in Fife, gained a premium at St Andrews in 1782 
(Scott's Fasti), for the best Discourse on the 
Evidence of the Authenticity of the New Testa- 
ment Scriptures. Mr Buist had a great sense of 
humour, and was ready at repartee. It is told 

that on one occasion, when acting as Presbytery 
Clerk, a late minister of Forfar remarked, on look- 
ing upon a paper that Mr Buist was writing 
out—" You have got a cypher too many there, 
Mr Buist." To which Mr Buist (who was the 
senior of his reverend brother), sharply retorted — 
" We have always had a cypher too many here 
since you came amongst us I" 

In regard to Mr Buist's eldest son, it need only 
be said that he was a person of great literary 
attainments. He died while Editor of the Bombay 
Times, having been previously engaged upon se- 
veral provincial newspapers in Scotland. He 
wrote, among other works, an interesting guide- 
book to the scenery of the Tay between Dundee 
and Perth, as seen from the steam-boats ; an Ac- 
count of the Visit of George IV. to Scotlaud, &c. 

George Sandeman, d. 1822, a. 28 : — 

All ye in life's gay morn who come, 
To view this youth's grass-cover'd tomb. 
Know that you to the grave are nigh, 
For youth as well as age may die. 
In early life, then, serve thy God, 
Ere thou art laid beneath the clod. 
That those who to thy grave draw near. 
To drop the sympathetic tear. 
May truly say, as of this man — 
He was an honest Christian. 

Charles Sandeman (1824) : — 

His was the soul that sympathy could touch. 
His was the heart that friendship's flame did 

warm ; 
And he the pilgrim, who at death's approach, 
Lean'd for salvation on his Saviour's arm. 

John Cummin, a. 74 (1849) :— 

An honest man here lies at rest. 

As e're God with his image blest ; 

The friend of man — the friend of truth — 

The friend of age, and guide of youth : 

In paths of vice he never would abide, 

For even his failings lean'd to virtue's side. 

When the Old Statistical Account of Tannadice 
was written by Dr Jamieson, author of the Scot- 
tish Dictionary, about 1793, there appears to 



have been a sculptured stone at the church ; but, 
unfortunately, no trace of it now remains. 

Tannadice was a thanedom, and farmed by the 
king down to 1363, when, along with that of 
Glamis, it was given to John of Logy, probably 
the father of Margaret Logy, who became the 
Queen of David II. (Mem. of Angus and the 
Mearns.) After the forfeiture of Logy, both 
thanedoms reverted to the crown, and were again 
farmed for the interest of royalty. 

In 1369 (Reg. Mag. Sigill.), the same monarch 
granted a charter at Perth in favour of William, 
the son of John, who is described as " our bound 
and born serf of the thanedom of Tannadice." 
It also declares the said William to be "our free 
man," as well as those that shall issue from him 
and their posterity. The same charter provides 
that William and his descendants shall freely 
dwell in any part of Scotland they may deem 
expedient, and that they shall be free and at rest 
from all born servitude for ever. This interesting 
charter, which forms an additional illustration of 
the position of the jmri natlvi of Scotland to that 
before given (v. p. 36), had doubtless been granted 
for some special service to the crown, the nature 
of which has not been recorded. 

It was in 1371-2, that King Robert IL con- 
ferred the thanedoms of Glamis and Tannadice 
upon Sir John Lyon, who married Princess Jane ; 
and the Earls of Strathmore assume one of their 
titles of Baron from Tannadice. 

A collateral branch of the Lyons, who still hold 
the estate of Glenogil, in Tannadice, is descended 
from David, the first Lyon of Cossens, second son 
of the fifth Lord Glamis. A door lintel at Mains 
of Ogil is thus initialed and dated, " 16— G. L : 

Notices of Marcos, Morthil, and other old lands 
in Tannadice, are given in the Land of the 
Lindsays, and need not be repeated here. The 
modern mansion-houses are, as may be supposed, 
of various ages and styles of architecture, and are 
pleasantly situated upon the respective properties. 
The more considerable of these, Tannadice House, 
was built by Dr Charles Ogilvy ; Marcus Lodge 
by Col. Swinburn ; and Downie Park by Col. 

Rattray. There is a private burial-place at 
Downie Park, where there was, and possibly still 
is, a tablet thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of departed worth. Lt. Col. 
WilliAjW Eattkay of Downie Park, late in the 
Hon. East India Company's Bengal Artillery ; born 
30th Octr. 1752, died 20th Decemr. 1819, aged 67 

— Col. Rattray married a daughter of Mr Rankin 
of Dudhope, and his remains were removed to tho 
burial place of that family in the Howff at Dun- 
dee. The estate of Downie Park, which was ori- 
ginally part of the Inverquharity property, has 
been recently purchased by the Earl of Airlie, 
and that of Tannadice by Wm. Neish, Esq. of 
Clepington, near Dundee. Since Tannadice was 
acquired by Mr Neish, he has doubled the size of 
the house, and otherwise improved the property. 

The river Noran rises in the parish of Tanna- 
dice ; and, in Glenogil, it has a romantic and 
pleasing course, with some pretty waterfalls. It 
is crossed by stone bridges at Wellford, Court- 
ford, and at Nether Careston, where it joins the 
South Esk. The bridge at Justenhaugh, on the 
Esk, about a mile above the Kirktowu of Tanna- 
dice, was built in 1823. 

S. Ennan's, popularly called St Arnold's Seat, 
is the most conspicuous hill in the parish, and is 
about 800 feet above sea level. 

There is a Free Church at jNIemus, about half 
way between the kirks of Tannadice and Cor- 


f^JlIE church of Dunothyr wag dedicated by 
X David, Bishop of St Andrews, in 1276. 
The kirk and chapel of Danotyr are rated at 40 
merks, in the old Taxation. 

Towards the close of the fourteenth century, 
the church of S. Ninian was transferred from the 



rock upon which the ruins of Dunottar now stand, 
by Sir Wm. Keith, to the banks of the Carron, 
near the site of the parish kirk. 

A chapel forms part of the ruins upon the rock 
of Dunottar at this day ; and some of the older 
bits — particularly the lower parts of the door 
lintels — are of considerable antiquity. A deep 
ravine, near the castle, is called S. Ninian's 
Den ; and the chapel mentioned in the old 
Taxation roll, had probably occupied the site of 
the parish kirk of Dunottar. 

In 1567, John Christisua was minister of Dun- 
ottar and Fetteresso, for which he had " jc merkis 
with the thyrd of his benefice extending to . . . 
. ." John Paton was reader at Dunottar, with a 
salary of £20 Scots. In 1576, John Wylie was 
reader, with a salary of £16 and kirk lands ; and 
the contemporary minister was Mr Andrew Mill, 
" his stipend jclvjlb. xijs. ijd. with the manse and 
kirkland of Fetteresso," &c. 

The present kirk of Dunottar, which was 
erected in 1782, has been recently enlarged ; and 
the bell was made at Aberdeen in 1783. 

The burial aisle, or vault, of the Earls 
Marischal is ujron the east side of the kirk-yard. 
It had never been roofed, and appears to have 
been constructed for a recess tomb. The recess 
only remains. A shield upon the door lintel 
bears the Keith arms, also 

1582 : G. K. 

— The above refers to George, 5th Earl Marischal, 
the founder of Marischal College, Aberdeen. He 
succeeded his grand-father the year before the 
date upon the aisle; and, dying at Dunottar Castle 
in 1623, was interred within the aisle at the 
church of S. Bridget of Dunottar. 

Sir William Keith, who married the heiress of 
Sir Alex. Fraser of Cowie, was the first Keith 
of Dunottar. He was descended from Hervie, 
who acquired the lands of Keith in East Lothian 
from King David I., from which he assumed his 
surname (Chalmers' Caledonia.) The family of 
Keith Marischal, ennobled in 1455, was attainted 
in 1716, for their adherence to the Stuarts. 

The Hon. Jas. Keith, brother of the tenth Earl 
Marischal, was perhaps the most illustrious mem- 
ber of his family. It need only be here re- 
marked, however, that, having been attainted 
along with his brother, he entered the service 
of the King of Prussia, in which he rose to the 
rank of Field-Marshal. After a career of great 
bravery, he fell at the battle of Hochkirchen, 
where his body, stript by the Austrians, was acci- 
dentally discovered by his friend, Count Lasci, 
who had it hurriedly interred within the church. 
It was afterwards more decently buried by the 
local curate ; and eventually removed to Berlin 
by order of Frederick the Great, who had a 
marble statue erected to the Field-Marshal's 
memory. This marble has recently given place 
to a statue of bronze, a duplicate of which tl e 
King of Prussia was pleased to present to Peter- 
head. Upon the pedestal of the lattei : — 


Born at Inverugie, 1696, 

Killed at the Battle of Hockirchen, 14 Oct. 1758. 

The Gift of King William of Prussia to the 

Town of Peterhead, August 1866. 

Prohus vixit, fortis ob'tit. 

— The castle of Inverugie is a roofless and pic- 
turesque ruin, about a mile north-west from 
Peterhead ; and the baptism of the future Field- 
Marshal is thus recorded in the register books of 
the parish of St Fergus, now in the custody of the 
Registrar- General : — 

" 16 June 1696 : The Earl of Marchall had a 
Son baptized called James-Francis-EdwaivD, befure 
these witnesses', John Earl of Errol, Charles Lord 
Hay, & Sir William Keith of Loudquharu." 

— The following inscription, composed by Me- 
tastasio, copied from Douglas' Peerage (vol ii. p. 
196), is upon a tablet which was erected in the 
church of Hockirchen, by Sir Robert Keith- 
Murray of Ochtertyre, Bart., soon after the death 
of his cousin, the Field-Marshal :— 

"Jacobo Keith, Gulielmi Comitis Marescalli 
Hered. Regni Scotise, et Marite Drummond, lilio, 
Frederici, Borussorum Regis, summo exercitu 
Prajfecto, viro antiquia moribus et militari virtute 




claro, ejui, dum in prselio, non procul hinc, incliua- 
tam suorutn acieui, mente, manu, voce, et exeinplo 
restituebat, puL^iians ut heroas deoet, occubuit, anno 
1758, meuse Oct." 

[To Jajies Keith, son of Eurl William, Heredi- 
tary Marischal of the Kingdom of Scotland, and 
Mary Drummond, Commander-in-Chief of the Army 
of Frederick, King of Prussia, a man distinguished 
for his primitive character and military qualities, 
who, while he was striving by voice and example, 
to revive the drooping courage of his troops in an 
action fought not far from this spot, fell lighting 
with heroic bravery, in the month of Oct. 1758.] 

The Marischal aisle, and a mutilated stone, 
upon the latter of which are the supporters of 
the family arms, the initials E. K., the date of 1635, 

with the words dochtek 

DEPARTET are the only traces of the 

Keiths in Dunottar church-yard, if we except a 
marble slab, built into the dyke on the left of the 
gate. The slab is thus inscribed : — 

D. 0. M. S. [et] Memorise Elizabeth.^ Keith, 
eximise virtutis et vera geuerositatis, quae obijt 
trigesimo Mali 1695. Georgius M'Kenzie, miestis- 
simus conjunx, [ponendum] curavit. 

[Sacred to God the Best and Greatest, and to the 
memory of Elizabeth Keith, a lady of eminent 
virtue and truly honourable birth, who died on 
the 30th May, 1695. George M'Kenzie, her dis- 
consolate husband, caused this monument to be 

A well-sculptured skull occupies a niche on the 
right of the church-yard gate ; and a grave-stone, 
which long formed a step to the church door, 
presents the date of IG-iO, and the words — 


Adjoining the Marischal aisle, a flat and ela- 
borately carved stone bears : — 

Heir lyes a famovs and worthy gentillmaa 
William Ogilvy of Lvmger, and Catharin Stka- 
QViiAN his spovs. He being 76 yeirs of age he 
departed his lyfe in peace 3 Jany. 1650, & shee 
being 89 yeirs of age departed hir lyfe the 28 of 
Febr. 1651. 

—Mr Ogilvy of Lumgair (;? Ljn-fjar, the rough 
linns), was the son of the laird of Balnagarrow 

near Kirriemuir, and descended from the Inver- 
quharity family. His wife was a daughter of 
Strachan of Bridgeton, and a niece of Thornton. 
Their only son, George, married a daughter of 
Douglas of Barras ; and, from the share which 
Ogilvy and his lady had in saving the Kegalia, 
when in charge of Dunottar Castle, he was created 
a baronet (Nisbet, ii. ; infra, p. 170). 

About thirty-five years after Ogilvy's gallant 
defence of Dunottar Castle, a hundred and sixty- 
seven men, women, and children were brought 
from the west of Scotland, and imprisoned in one 
of its dungeons, for their adherence to the Cove- 
nant (Wodrow's Hist., iv.) Nine of them died 
at Dunottar, and a plain head-stone, with inscrip- 
tion in interlaced capitals, bears this record of 
their death : — 

JJ CH . 12 VERSE . 

— It was in 1793, when on a visit to the Rev. Mr 
Walker, that the future Sir Walter Scott " saw 
for the first and last time, Peter Paterson, 
the living Old Mortality,'" who was then engaged 
in retouching this inscription (Lockhart's Life 
of Scott, i. 210.) A table-shaped stone bears the 
name of the said Mr Walker, also those of his 
parents : — 

In memory of the Rev. James Walker, who was 
minister of this parish from a.d. 1736 to 1772, 
where he died aged 66 ; and of Margaret Shank, 
his spouse, who died a.d. 1769. Also, of their 
only son, the Rev. James Walker, who succeeded 
his father as minister of the same parish, where he 
continued from the time of his settlement, 23d 
July A.D. 1772, to his death, on the 2Gth Nov. 1813, 
in the 63d year of his age. 



Heir lyes ane lionest man William Lintovn in 
Stonehaven, hvsband to Agnes Richie, vha de- 
pertet ye 31 Ivlie 1644. 

From an adjoining head-stone : — 

Here lies Tiios. Herdman, 1st husband to Mary 
White. He was principal servt. to Wm. Earl 
Marishall, and died ye 31 of May 1713, aged 36 
years. &c. 

The following inscription (from a plain head- 
stone, on the north side of the Marischal aisle) m 
prefaced by a quotation from Psal. xcv. 3 : — 

Mr Alexander Dawson, parochial schoolmaster 
of Dunnotter, died at the schoolhouse in Stone- 
haven, on the morning of Wednesday the 13th day 
of January 1S30, in the 79th year of his age. Mr 
Dawson was a native of the parish of Cabrach, 
in Aberdeenshire. He attended Marischal College 
for his vr-'rifmical education, where he distin- 
guished himself in the science of Mathematics. He 
was appointed Parochial Schoolmaster of Dunnotter 
in the year 1780, and continued in that office till 
his death. This monument to his ruemory is placed 
at his grave by a few of his Friends who had a 
regard for his worth as a single hearted and in- 
genious man. 

Anonymous (1756) : — 

Reddenda ex terra terra ; 
Sic super nascitur ; 
Sic itur ad astra. 
Sic transit gloria mundi. 
[Earth from earth must be returned, 
Such is the second birth. 
Such is the path to the skies. 
Thus passes away the glory of the world. ] 
Erected by John Ross Hutchinson, E.I.C.C.S., 
in memory of his grandfather the Rev. Robert 
Memess, Episcopal Clergyman in Stonehaven for 
63 years, who died Feb. 2, 1818, aged 90 years. 
And his spouse Elizabeth Ross, who died 17th 
June 1813, aged 78 years. &c. 

— Of Mr Memess, who appears to have been a 
person of great individuality of character, and 
common sense, many anecdotes are still told in 
the district. When a discussion took place on one 
occasion regarding the difference between Popery 
and Presbytery, he quaintly remarked — " In one 

respect they are quite the same— they baith tak' 
siller for sin I" 

Here lyes a virtuous gentlewoman Helen 
Griegory, spouse to James Scot, mercht. in 
Stonehaven, who departed this life Appril 1737, 
aged 78 years. 

Abridged : — 

William Gregory, late feuer in Drumlithie, 
died April 12, 1796, 'aged 95 years, Christian- 
Smith, spouse to Wffl. Gregory, feuer in Drum- 
lithie, died April 20, 1788, aged 87. &c. 

From a table-shaped stone :— 

To the memory of Alexander Straton, late 
merchant in Stonehive : he died the 7th day of 
May 1743, aged 67 years. And of Christta^ 
Robertson, his spouse, a virtuous wife, an affec- 
tionate mother, and benevolent friend ; she died 
the 20th day of Oct. 1763, aged 83 years. Also of 
Thomas Straton, Esq., their son, who died in 
Jamaica, May 1777, aged 73 years, with a most 
unblemished charactei, esteemed by all his con- 
nections. He acquir ■'. a genteel fortune, which he 
left to his surviving sisters. Here lies interred 
Patrick Cushnie, who died 23d of May 1790, 
aged 38. Also Elizabeth Straton, his spouse, 
who died the 24th of Nov. 1792, in the 36th year 
of her age. And their son, the Rev. Patrick 
Cushnie, M.A., incumbent of St Mary's, Montrose, 
who died 10th June 1869, in the 90th year of hia 
age, and 69th of his ministry. 

There was a burial place at 


upon the brae, behind the county buildings at 
Stonehaven. Two inscribed slabs mark the spot : 
both are embellished with mortuary emblems, and 
tlie words memento mori. The first quoted has the 
letters M. T. in monogram. According to tra- 
dition the place was set apart for the burial of 
those who died of the plague, a statement which 
the first-quoted inscription appears to bear out : — 










12 . OF . IWNE . OF . THE , AGE . OF . TVALF . AND . 
NYN . YEIRES . OLD . IN . ANO . 1648. 

It was from King Grig, or Circ, that the name 
of the Mearns (" Magh-Circin, or the plain 
of Circin"), originated; and the "Viri na 
Moerne," or Men of the Mearns, as the inhabit- 
ants were called even at that remote period 
(A.D. 877-89), had their stronghold at Dunottar, 
then " Dunforther." This is probably the oldest 
known form of the name ; and, in regard to its 
meaning, the Bishop of Brechin kindly suggests 
that " Dun-forther would be the hill of the road 
— Fotlier or For being equivalent to the Irish 
Bother, a highway." 

King Donald, who succeeded Grig on the 
Pictish throne, is recorded to have dispersed his 
foes at Fotherdun (Fordoun), and to have died at 
Dunforther, " where he lies on the brink of the 
waves" (Skene's Chron. of the Picts.) It also 
appears that Constantine, king of the Scots, pene- 
trated into Pictland, in A.D. 934, as far as Dun- 
foeder (Dunottar) ; and soon thereafter (c. 954), 
it is stated by the same authority, that Malcolm 
was slain by " the men of the Mearns at Fodre. 
sach," or Fetteresso. According to tradition, the 
body of Malcolm was buried in a gravel mound 
to the west of the gate of Ury. It is certain 
that, in 1822, a human skeleton was found there 
in a covering of a superior description to those 
generally met with (Prof. Stuart's Essays). 

The ruins of Dunottar stand upon an isolated 
rock which, long ago, had been almost surrounded 
by the sea. In Slezer's print (c. 1680), some of 
the buildings appear to be thatched, and a flag is 
displayed upon the tower. The existing ruins 
are those of the buildings which were erected by 
the Keiths, to whom the rock belonged from 
about the end of the fourteenth century, when 
(c. 1390) the square tower was built. Accord- 
ing to story, the tower existed in the time of 

Wallace ; but record shows that in his day 
the rock was the site of a church only, which, 
in all probability, had taken the place of the older 
castle, and been raised over the ashes of king 
Donald. An admirable plan of the rock and 
buildings of Dunottar was made in 1872 by Mr 
A. Gibb, F.S.A. Scot., by whom the Sculptured 
Stones of Scotland, &c., were drawn and litho- 
graphed for the Spalding Club. 

There are some carved stones at Dunottar, all 
of a late date. A triangular-shaped slab (pos- 
sibly the upper lintel of a window), dated 1645, 
bears the initials, E. W. M., with the Keith arms, 
and motto, Veritas vincit ; also those of 
C. S. E. M., with the Wintoun arms, and motto, 
HAZARD YiT FORVAHD. Thesc initials and arms 
refer respectively to the seventh Earl Marischal, 
and his first wife, Elizabeth Seaton, the latter of 
whom "departed this lyffe at Dunnottar of a 
fewer, one Sunday, 16 of Junij 1650, aged 28." 

The Castle of Dunottar belongs to Sir Patrick 
Keith-Murray of Ochtertyre, baronet ; but the 
house and the greater part of the lands of Dunot- 
tar are owned by VV. N. Forbes, Esq. of Auch- 
ernach (infra, p. 151.) 

Many years ago fragments of sculptured stones 
were found upon the top of the isolated rock near 
the harbour of Stonehaven, called Dunicare. The 
rock has a fine grassy top, and upoft it are traces 
of a rude building, which some believe to be the 
remains of a religious house, or of the residence of 
a recluse or hermit. (Sculp. Stones, i. pi. xli J 

The town of Stonehaven, anciently Stanehythe, 
is prettily situated on the west side of the Bay, 
where there is a good harbour. Stonehaven is 
a burgh of barony, and became the seat of the 
County Courts after the suppression of Kincar- 
dine as the county town (v. Mem. Angus and 

Stonehaven contains a tolbooth and the old 
market cross. Episcopal and U.P. Churches, 
also a few modern, and a good many antiquated 
dwelling houses. The house is still shown in 
which the Duke of Cumberland slept, when on 
his way to CuUoden ; and the following extract 
from the " Journey" of a Volunteer, previously 



quoted (v. p. 26), gives a graphic picture of the 
housing of the Duke's followers at Stonehaven : — 

" We put up here to lodge at a Doctor's, named 
Laivson, who kept a Public House, his Wife was 
lame, and he none of the wisest of his Profession ; 
but had fjreat Quantities of Wormwood, Sage, and 
other Herbs, hanging up in the Room where we 
supped ; the Dust of which, diffused itself amongst 
our Victuals, and gave it no small Relish." 

The river Carron, which divides the parishes 
of Dunottar and Fetteresso, is crossed by several 
bridges. The key-stone of the principal bridge is 
thus inscribed : — 

Theobald Barclay, 1150; 
Mathers, 1351 ; Ury, 1647 ; Cond . 1781. 
— The first of these dates appears to refer to the 
time the Barclays came to Scotland, the next two 
to the periods at which they acquired the pro- 
perties named, and the last to the building of 
the bridge itself. 

a^ at Wit, 

(S. NATHLAN, and S. MARY.) 
IX5HE chapel of Collyn, which is situated within 
X the parish of Fetteresso, and about a mile to 
the east of Stonehaven, was dedicated by William, 
Bishop of St Andrews, in 1276, " ita quod nullum 
prejudicium generetur matrici ecclesie de Fethy- 
ressach" (Robertson's Concilia Scotise.) 

The ruins of the chapel of Cowie have a ro- 
mantic position upon the top of a cliff adjoining 
the sea. The east wall is pierced by three lancet 
windows of the First Pointed period; and the 
aumbry, although much destroyed, is still an 
object of interest, near the north-east corner of 
the church. The chapel had possibly been sup- 
pressed as a place of worship, some time before 
1567 (i)ifra, p. 75.) 

According to Keith's Remarkable Things, the 
chapel of Cowie was " demolished by reason of 
the superstitious resorting thereto ; and a certain 
man, called William Rait of Redclock, brought 

away some of the roof of the chapel, and built a 
house therewith, and in a little thereafter the 
whole house rained drops of blood." (Duncan's 
Descrip. of the East Coast, p. 10.) 

There was an altar at Cowie dedicated to the 
Virgin ; and the following rhyme, which contains 
the name of the principal patron of the church, is 
still preserved among the fishermen at Cowie : — 

" Atween the tairk, and the kirk ford, 
There lies Saint Nauchlan's hoard." 

The area of the ruins of " the kirk of Cowie," 
contains some plain tomb -stones. The first two 
inscriptions, quoted below, refer respectively to 
the father and aunt of Cosmo Innes, Esq., the 
well-known literary antiquary, and Professor of 
History, in the University of Edinburgh : — 


Here rests John Innes, formerly of Leuchars, 
and for many years sheriff-substitute of this county, 
who died 10th May 1827, in his 80th year. 

In memory of Jean Innes, who died 26th June 
1831, aged 82 years. 
The next is from a table-shaped stone : — 

To the memory of Mary Seaton, who died the 
18th June 1815, aged 74 years. This stone is 
erected by John Innes of Cowie, in whose family 
she served faithfully and affectionately nearly half 
a century. 
A flat stone, at west end of the kirk, bears : — 

Here lyes the body of Iohn Neper, late seaman 
in Muchall, who departed this life the 28th day of 
March 1706, aged 90 years. 

At the opposite end of the kirk, but in less 
correct orthography, is this record of the death of 
another patriarch, and some of his descendants : — 

1799 G K . A M. In memory of 
George Keith let Tenant In 
Edeslau Who died No the 
1st 1798 aged 90 years also 
Ann Middleton his EsPous 
Who died Deer the 29 1792 
Aged 72 years also ther son 
James who died June the 3 1771 
Aged 24 years also five of ther 
Children who died In Infency 



Besides the above records of nonogenarians, 
four other tomb-stones Calso within the church), 
present these instances of longevity, viz. : — 

Mary Maix died 1806, aged 97, her son, 

Thos. Briugeford ,, 1825, ,, 84. 
IsoBEL Howie ,, 1836, ,, 96. 

Elspet Smith „ 1868, „ 81. 

Wm. Smith „ 1853, „ 88, liis wife, 

Elspet Donald ,, 1868, „ 87. 
The oldest visible grave-stone at Cowie (with a 
shield, and mortuary emblems, &c.), bears : — 




[Here lies a pious man of respectable parentage, 
John Auchinleck of [? in] Townhead of Cowie, 
who died in the 40th year of his age ] 

The next five inscriptions are from adjoining 
tomb-stones : — 

In memory of the worthy & Reverend Mr Egbert 
Thomson, Episcopal Minister at Stonehive, who 
died ye 7th of Nov. 1737, aged 75 years. Also 
ye Body of Mrs Ann Lindsay his spouse ; she died 
May ye 24th 1729, ag«d 68. 

— Mr Thomson was the first Episcopal minister 
at Stonehaven, and the existing church, in the old 
town, was built for him. 

1778.— Here lyes the body of the Rev. Mr John 
Troup, late Episcopal Minister at Muchalls, who 
departed this life at Muchalls the 17th of August 
1776, aged 75 years. And Pv,ebecca Mouat, his 
spouse, died the 4th of June 1791, aged 77 years. 
Also three of their children, Isobel, Rebecca, and 

— Mr Troup, along with his Episcopal brethren 
of Drumlithie and Stonehaven, suffered six 
months' imprisonment, for contravening the Act 
which prohibited Episcopal ministers from preach- 
ing to more than four persons at a time, exclusive 
of their own family. It is said Mr Troup carried 
a bagpipe to jail with him, and that on bis way 
thither he played the Jacobite air of " O'er the 
water to Charlie I" 


1837 : To the memory of the Rev. George 
Garden, who for 41 years was minister of the 
Episcopal Congregation of Stonehaven. He died 
13th Nov. 1834, aged 72. 


Beneath, in hope of a glorious resurrection, rest 
the remains of the Rev. James Smith, for 27 years 
pastor of the Episcopal Congregation of Muchals, 
who departed this life on the 16th day of March 
1854, aged 52. This stone has been erected by the 
Members of the Congregation, as a testimony of 
gratitude for the care he bestowed on their wants, 
both Spiritual and Temporal. [The death of a 
daughter, aged 5 years, is also recorded.] 

In the same grave with the ashes of Messrs 
Thomson and Troup lie those of Messrs Garden, 
Smith, and Ironside, to the last-named of whom 
a tomb-stone, ornamented with a Celtic cross, &c., 
is thus inscribed : — 

►J- Georgius Ironside, Eccl : Scot : Sacerdos, in 
Xto obdormivit iiij Non : Oct. MDCCCLXI. Det 
illi Dominus invenire misericordiam a Domino in 
ilia die. 

[George Ironside, priest of the Scottish Epis- 
copal Church, fell asleep in Christ, 4th Oct. 1861. 
May the Lord grant that he may find mercy from 
the Lord on that day.] 

The next inscription (from a head -stone) re- 
lates to a person whose " genius" lay in construct- 
ing eight-day clocks, " which he made from 
beginning to end ;" and in being a superior weaver 
of bed-covers, and table-cloths, &c. : — 

To the memory of William Kilgour, an original 
genius, who exercised the craft of a weaver at 
Glithnow for the long period of sixty-two years in 
the same house. He departed this life on the 12th 
day of March 1837, at the advanced age of 86 years. 
By his friends : — 
Here lyes the man, for ought we know, 
That liv'd and died without a foe. 
Now mould'ring here beneath that clod — 
An honest man's th' noblest work of God. 

1866 : In memory of Anne Edwards, born 22d 
Novr. 1794, died 11th June 1866. Erected by the 



family of the late Arthur Duff-Abercromby of Glas- 
saugh, and Elizabeth Innes of Cowie, as a mark of 
esteem and appreciation of her character during the 
30 years she resided with them. 

Besides the parish church, and the Chapel of 
Cowie, there was at least one other religious house 
in Fetteresso in old times, to which a burial place 
was attached. The site, which is called 


is situated near the mansion-house of Elsick. 
Traces of the church still remain within the 
burial-ground ; and the only tomb-stone, now 
visible, is thus inscribed : — 

Here lyes Georg Hepburn, indweller was at 
Gilibrans, who departed this lyfe the 2d day of 
Kouember 1702, and was of age 67 years, who lived 
in the foresaid place since the year 1680. 
— " Gilibrans," and a great extent of surrounding 
territory, which, not long ago, was owned by 
about a dozen different lairds, constituted the 
estate of Elsick, as held by the family of Banner - 
MAN. One of them was created a baronet in 
1682 ; but, owing to the decline of the family for- 
tunes, they lost all territorial interest in the dis- 
trict, with the exception of the old kirk-yard, 
until the present baronet re-acquired the estate 
and mansion-house of Elsick. 

The more immediate ancestors of the Ban- 
nermans of Elsick were merchants in" Aberdeen. 
According to tradition, the name originated from 
the family having been bannermen, or standard- 
bearers, to the kings. It is certain that, as far 
back as 1373 (inf. p. 287), Donald Bannerman was 
king's physician, and held property in Newhills. 


I^HE ruins of the old church of Aherdovyr are 
Jt. picturesquely situated within the burial- 
ground, which overlooks the romantic den and bay 

of Aberdour. Mess Johii's Well springs from a 
rock on the left side of the bay, and S. Drostan's 
Well is on the right. 

S. Drostan died at Glenesk, in Angus, in the 
year 809. His remains were conveyed from Glen- 
esk to Aberdour, where they were deposited in a 
" tumba lapidea," or stone coffin, and were long 
believed to work wondrous cures upon the sick 
and afflicted. Interesting notices of Aberdour, 
ecclesiastical and territorial, will be found in the 
Book of Deer (Spalding Club), edited by Dr John 
Stuart ; and of S. Drostan, in Kalendars of 
Scottish Saints, by the Bishop of Brechin. 

In 1318, Bishop Chein erected the church into 
a prebend of Old Machar. 

The church of Aberdour is rated at 28 merks 
in the Old Taxation. In 1574, along with the 
kirks of Gamrie, Philorth (Fraserburgh), and 
Tyrie, it was served by Mr David Howesoun, as 
minister ; and Alexander Ramsay was the con- 
temporary reader, or schoolmaster at Aberdour. 

The earliest parts of the old kirk of Aberdour 
possibly belong to the 16th century ; but the 
piscina, or lavatory, and a hexagonal baptismal 
font, seem to be of an older date. The latter 
was brought from Chapel Den, about four miles 
to the westward, where, it is said, there was an- 
other place of worship. 

The nave of the old church of Aberdour is used 
for interments. The east portion is walled off 
and divided into two separate aisles. A stone 
panel, over the entrance to the more easterly 
aisle, bears these words : — 

This Sepulture luas erected by 
Chas. Leslie, Esq., M.D., Fraserburgh, 1819. 

The following is abridged from a marble slab 
within the same aisle : — 

To the memory of Margaret Robertson, wife 
of William Leslie of Coburty, who died 3d July 
1808, aged 52. William Leslie, Esq. of Coburty, 
died Dec. 1814, aged 69. Their sons and daughter, 
William Leslie, died 11th Aug. 1819, aged 37; 
Grace Leslie, died 3d March 1821, aged 32; 
Charles Leslie, M.D., who died at Memsie, 11th 
March 1839, aged 64. 



— Dr Leslie, who was a native of Rosebearty, and 
a medical practitioner in Fraserburgh, married 
the heiress of Rlemsie. 

The burial aisle of the Bairds of Auchmeddea 
is to the west of the last-mentioned. It contains 
three stones, inscribed as below, each of which 
present carvings of the Baird arms : — 

DE . AVCHMEDDEN . QVI . OBIIT . 20 . MAII . 1593 . 
ANNO . AVTEM . ^TAT . SV^ . 76 . 

[Here lies the honourable George Bairde of 
Auchmedden, who died 29th May 1593, in the 76th 
year of his age. ] 




1559 : lAcoBVS . baird . de . avchmedden . 




ET . OBIERVNT . 10 . FEB . 1543 . 

MAII . 29 . 1593 .;"... 1620 . et . feb , 12 . 

1642 . AC . ETIAM . ANN^ ER . ET . 


[1559 : James Baird of Auchmedden [erected] 
this monument [to the memory] of his .... 
Andrew, George .... George Baird of 
the same, whose bodies are here interred, and [who] 
died 10th Feb. 1543, 29th May 1593, .... 
1620, and r2th Feb. 1642 ; and also to the memory 
of Ann .... ER, and Elizabeth Keith, 
mother and grand-mother of the same. ] 

— The erector of the monument from which the 
third inscription is copied, was high sheriff of 
Banffshire, and took an active part in the public 
affairs of his time. He was knighted by Chas. II., 
and married Christian, daughter of Walter Ogilvy 
of Boyne. Her initials and arms are also upon 
the monument. 

The half-obliterated name of Ann Fraser 
refers to a daughter of Lord Saltoun, who <vas the 
mother of Sir James Baiid. Sir James' grand. 
mother, Elizabeth Keith, wife of the first-named 

George, was a daughter of Keith of iruup, 
brother to Earl Marischal. The name aUo;.;etlier 
obliterated (between the two Georges) h;id been 
that of GiLBKKT Baird. He was third iii suc- 
cession, and died 23d Feb. 1620, havinti, liy 
his kinswoman, the heiress of Ordinliuivys, uo 
fewer than thirty two sons and dauglitL-r.s. It 
was in 1597, during the absence of this land, that 
James Chein from Peuuan, and others attacked 
the house of Auchmedden. In a conteuipurury 
account of the affair, it is stated that the assiil- 
ants "clam to the tops of thair hous&i^, k;iist in 
Btanes at the chymney," and shot the lady " tlirovv 
the claythis, sche being grit with barne ; for feir 
of the quhilk schot," it is added, "she .scliortlie 
thairafter pairtit with the said barne." 

In the year 1534 Andrew Baird, a son of Baird 
of Posso, in Peebles, and designed of Laverocklaw, 
in Fife, bought the lands of Auchmedden from 
Stewart, Earl of Buchan. The cliarter is attested 
by George Baird of Ordynhuiff and others, ihe 
Bairds held Auchmedden until 1750, when it waa 
sold to Lord Haddo by William Baird, who juinud 
in the rebellion of 1745. 

Mr Baird married a sister of the first Earl of 
Fife, by whom he left a numerous family, none 
of whose descendants now remain, except those 
of his daughter Henrietta, who married Francis 
Fraser, Esq. of Findrack (infra, p. 239.) It 
ought to be added that Mr Baird wrote two in- 
teresting works, one, which gives an Account of 
his own Family, has been edited by his descendant, 
W. N. Fraser, Esq. ; and the other. Genealogical 
Memoirs of the Duffs, has been privately printed 
by Major Gordon-Duff of Drummuir, accomj^anied 
by a photographic portrait of the author. The 
above notes regarding the Bairds are made up 
from the first of these books. 

The property of Auchmedden, which has been 
in several hands since 1750, now belongs to Jas. 
Baird, Esq., one of the Gartsherrie family. 

An aisle on the south side of the ruins of the 
church was erected by Mr Gordon of Aberdour. 
It contains a handsome marble tablet, with the 
Gordon and Rose arms, quartered ; also an inscrip- 
tion to the following effect : — 


To tlie memory of William Gordon of Aber- 
dour, who died 11 Nov. 1839, aged 67 ; and of his 
wife Mary Rose, eldest daughter of William Rose 
of Ballivat, who died IS Jau. 1828, aged 49 ; and 
of their children : John, who died in October 1802, 
in infancy ; Alicia, who died 2 August 1810, 
aged 14 ; Anna, who died 4 Feb. 1822, aged 16 ; 
Elisabeth, who died 28 Augt. 1826, aged 16 ; 
Alexander, lieutenant of the Coldstream Guards, 
who died 1 April 1818, aged 20 ; George, who died 
in Surrey, 7 Dec. 1820, aged 7 ; and William, who 
died at St Kitts, 18 June, aged 40. 
— The father of the above first-named Mr Gor- 
don was tenant of the Milltown of Aberdoiir, also 
factor for tlie 3d Earl of Aberdeen and for General 
Gordon of Fyvie. lie bought tlie estate of Aber- 
dour, and founded the village of New AberJour. 
His son, who died as above in 1839, sold the 
estate shortly before his death. It is a tradition 
that the Lieutenant fell in a duel with a French- 
man, who appears to have been a good marks- 
man, for it is added that he had previously shot 
three or four antagonists under similar circum- 
stances. Lieut. G.'s grandfather died in 1785. 

Having accidentally heard of a carved stone in 
the more westerly part of the nave of the church, 
and on the site of the old pulpit, I had diggings 
made when at Aberdour sometime ago, and dis- 
covered, at the depth of from one to two feet, an 
interesting slab of freestone, measuring four feet 
nine inches by two feet ; but it is unfortunately 
broken. It is embellished in the centre with a 
cross, terminating in a fleur-de-lis at the top ; 
and at the foot, within a circle or belt, there is a 
shield charged with three cinqiiifoils in chief, and 
a martlet displayed between two cinquifoils in 
base, for White. The following inscription is 
carved in relief round the margin of the stone: — 

Heir . lye . . . hone . Qvhyt . svtym . in 



—In a letter from Professor Baird of Lyons, to 
his brother of Auchmedden, dated from Lyons, 
23 Jan. 1603, he remarks— " As to the Abbot, 
Mr John Quhyt, John Quhyt of Ardlyhill's son, 
thair is half a yeir since T hard he is in guid helth." 
It is stated (Edinburgh Review, No. 243, p. 180), 

that John-James "Whyte became Abbot of the 
Scots monastery at Ratisbone in 1595, and died 
in Germany in 1629. The above inscription 
appears to relate to the father of Abbot Whyte. 
Whytes tenanted Ardlawhill in, and long before, 
1696, under Lord Pitsligo. 

The following inscriptions are from stones in 
the churchyard : — 

Heir lyes William Gordon, sometyme in Little 
Byth . . . departed Feb. 9, 1724 ; and Mar- 
garet Dalgarno, his spouse, Avho died Sept. 8, 

There is a pretty complete set of tombstones to 
the old ministers of this parish. Upon the first 
noticed are the initials, M. G. C : I. O. ; a shield 
bearing (1), a fesse-chequy, between a crescent 
and 2 mullets, a boar's head couped in base ; (2), 
2 lions rampant in chief, and 3 lozenges in base ; 
also this brief inscription : — 

Heir lyes Mr Georg Clerk and Iean Ogstone 
his wyf. Mr Georg Clerk enti-ed person of Aber- 
dovr the 20 day of Febr. 1614 years, and dei^arted 
this lyf the 18 of Agvst 1644 years. 

The next stone presents the initials M. W. R., 
and the armorial bearings, boldly carved, of a 
double-headed spread eagle in chief, and 3 leisters 
in base : — 

Here lyes Master William Ramsay, a faithful 
minister of the Gospel, who was entered person of 
Aberdour the 2 day of Januar 1651, and departed 
this life the 31 day of December 1690 years. 

Here lyes Mr Alexander Reynold, a faithful 
servant of God in the ministry, being admitted 
thereto at Aberdour, Sei)teml)er 17, 1665, and dyed 
August 9, 1691, and Margaret Forbes, his spouse, 
who dyed Feb. 28, 1695 :— 

This dormitory which thou sees. 
Was once the object of my eyes ; 
But now my body is in dust. 
Thine also death will hither thrust; 
• — ]\rr R.'s wife was a daughter of John Forbes of 
Pitnacaddel, by Christian, daughter of Johnston 
of Caskieben. The writer of the rare verse is not 
recorded ! 

Memorise Rnd' admodum D°i Iac. Broun, qui in 
meridionalibus hujus regionis parrechiis dc Kilhoch- 
oilli, natali, et Walston, aliquot annos in Evangelii 



luboribus versatus, liuic tandem admissus parocbife 
7'"'^ Cal. Sep. 1697, postquam Christo fidelitate 
siimma et vigilantia indefessa iiiserviisset, fatis 
cessit, pridieCal. Aug., 1732, a>tatis 70, ministerii 
41. Monuinentuin hoc extruendum curavit filius 
ejus unicus loannes, pastor Longsidensis. 

[To the memory of the very reverend Mr James 
Broun, who, after having been employed for some 
years in the work of the Gospel in the south coun- 
try, in the parishes of Kilbucho (his native parish), 
and Walston, was at length appointed to this parish, 
27 Aug. 1697 ; and after serving Christ with the 
utmost faithfulness and unwearied vigilance, de- 
parted this life 31 July 1732, in the 70th year of 
his age, and 44th of his ministry. His only son, 
John, minister of Longside, caused this monument 
tu be erected. ] 

Mr Thomas Anderson, 31 years minister of 
Aberdour, died 1765, aged 65. 

The Rev. Andrew Youngson, A.M., 43 years 
minister of Aberdour, died 15 June 1809, aged 83. 
Agnes Anderson, his wife, daughter of the Rev. 
Thomas Anderson of Aberdour, died 22 May 1825, 
aged 76. His piety, sweetness of disfjosition, mild- 
ness of manners, fortitude, and cheerful resignation 
under the greatest bodily distress, endeared him to 
all who knew him ; and set a happy example of the 
power of that religion which he taught to others. 
— The allusion to " bodily distress" refers to the 
painful fact, that Mr Y. suffered from cancer in 
tlio throat for the long period of 30 years. His son, 

Major Thomas Youngson, H.E.I.C.S., died 27 
Oct. 1839, aged 55. Erected by his widow. 

The Rev. Georoe Gardiner, for 46 years 
minister of Aberdour. He was born at Smithston 
ill Rhynie, A.D. 1782, and died at Manse of Aber- 
dour on the 30 January 1857. 

— Many stories are preserved of Mr Gardiner's 
erratic habits and uncompromising disposition. 
He wrote the New Statistical Account of the 
I'arish, and in speaking of the character of the 
people, he remarks that they are " strangers to 
that fanaticism which acts as a nurse to sedition, 
and that pharisaical hypocrisy which serves as a 
cloak to the most heinous sins, their maxim is, 
' to fear God, honour the King, and not meddle 
with those that are given to change.' " 

The Rev. Thomas Kidd, A.M., ordained minister 
of Longside, 14 May 1829, died at Aden, where 
he had been tutor for several years, three days 
after his settlement, aged 34 years. 

Here lyes the ashes of ane honest man named 
Iames Bruce, who lived sometime in Mininy, who 
departed this life Febry 23, 1718 years ; and like- 
wise Iean Brown his wife who died .... 
This stone is erected by Alexander Bruce, law- 
ful son of the said lames Bruce, 
who departed this life May 10, 1705, also Ianet 
Spence, spouse to Alex. Bruce, who departed this 
life May 12, 1759. 

— Notwithstanding the apparent contradiction in 
the above inscription, it is a literal copy of the 
original. The middle paragraph appears to have 
been the last engraved part of it. 

John Moncur d. 22 Ap. 1853, a. 15 y. ; Robt. 
d. at sea, Oct. 13, 185G, a. 22 y. :— 

Ye readers all both old and young. 

Your time on earth will not be long ; 

We was like two lilies fresh and green 

Who was cut down and no more seen. 

We grew in beauty side by side, 

We hlled one home with glee ; 

Our graves are severed far and wide. 

By mountain, stream, and tree. 
— The last verse of this epitaph, which forms 
such a contrast to the preceding lines, is copied 
from a poem by Mrs Hemans. 

The parish church was removed from the old 
site to the village of New Aberdour in 1818. The 
date of 1771 is upon the belfry ; and the bell was 
put up in 1859. A tablet outside the church 
bears this inscription : — 

This church was erected by John Dingwall, 
Esq. of Brucklay, Patron and Pi-incipal Heritor of 
the Parish, and Charles Forbes, Esq. , proprietor 
of Auchmedden. 1818. 

A neat Free Church was recently erected at 
New Abei-dour. 

The Earls of Douglas were proprietors of tliis 
district before and for sometime after 1408. 
About the time mentioned Fraser of Pliilorth 
acquired part of the lands of the barony of Aber- 
dour from the Earl of Douglas as superior. 



Dundarg Castle of which little more than the 
arched gateway remains, stood upon a peninsula 
which juts into the sea. It is said to have been 
built by Cumin, Earl of Buchan, and to have 
been garrisoned in the 13th and 14th centuries. 
Tradition says that the roof was taken off the 
castle to replace that of the old church, which 
had fallen into decay. 

Lord Pitsligo's cave, where that nobleman lay 
in hiding after the rebellion of 1715, and amused 
himself by scooping out a little reservoir, is be- 
tween Dundarg and Rosehearty, in an almost in- 
accessible part of the cliffs. 


KING ROBERT the BRUCE gave the kirk 
of Elan to the Abbey of Kinloss, in Moray, 
in 1310. It was sometimes called Kinloss-Ellon ; 
and possibly the church was granted to Kinloss 
by Cumin Earl of Buchan at the time of its 

According to the Edinburgh Prognostication 
for 1706, Marymass Fair was held here in 
August, and Rudk Fair in May. 

There was an altar within the church called 
the HoL\ Rood, to which, in 1380, Lcask of that 
ilk (whose burial place was within the church), 
made certain grants of money and wax for saying 
mass, and for lights to be burned at his family 

The present church was erected in 1777, within 
which a marble is thus inscribed : — 

John Leith-Ross of Arnage, died 15 May 1839, 
aged 63 : Elizabeth Young, his spouse, coheiress 
of Bourtie, died 9 June, 1852, aged 70 : their third 
son William Ross, M.D., died 28 Sep. 1834, aged 
22 ; George, their fourth son, and Frederick, 
their grandson, died in childhood. 
— John Ross, a merchant in Aberdeen, bought 
the property of Arnage in 1702. The male 
jine of Ross having failed, the succession devolved 

through a female on the above named John Leith 
Ross, who was a cadet of the family of Leith of 
Freefield, The first Ross of Arnage married a 
daughter of Forbes of Echt, and died at Amster- 
dam in 1714, aged 50. 

A tomb of freestone, which was built into the 
inner wall of the old church, is divided into 
three compartments. Over the centre inscription- 
panel (which is blank), are the Annand arras, 
with supporters. Below is the motto, sper abo. 
On the left, the initials, D.A.D., and on the 
right " Obiit 1326." The Annand and Fraser 
arms, with the initials, A. A: iSI.F., and motto, 

ET SALUS are over the east panel. Upon 

it is the following inscription, which, though but 
recently restored, will, owing to the inferior sort 
of stone employed, require soon to be renewed : — 
Monumentum marmoreum honorabilis Alexax- 
DRi Annand, baronis quondam de Ochterellon, qi i 
obiit ix Julii, A.D. 1601 ; ejusque pise conjugis, 
Margarets Eraser, filia? quondam do de Philorth, 
quae obiit Aug., A.D. 1602.— Salus per Christum. 

[The marble monument of Alexander Annand, 
the late honourable baron of Ochterellon, who died 
9 July 1601 ; and of his pious spouse Margaret 
Eraser, daughter of the late laird of Philorth, who 
died Aug. 1602.] 

Over the panel, on the west, are carved the 
Annand and Cheyne arms, with the initials A. A : 
M.C. ; and motto, mors ciikisti vita nostra. 
The panel bears the following renewed inscrip- 
tion : — 

Sub hoc quoque tunmlo resurrectionem expectant 
corpora Alexandri Annand de Ochterellon, filii 
dicti Alexandri, qui obiit , et caxse suae conjugis, 
Margaretae Cheyne, filial do de Esselmont, quse 

[In this tomb also await the resurrection, the 
bodies of Alexander Annand of Ochterellon, son 
of the said Alexander, who died , and of his 

beloved wife Margaret Cheyne, daughter of the 
laird of Esslemont, who died 

— Henry Annand, who left a widow called Mar- 
jory Cullen, and who was succeeded by his son 
Alexander in Ouchterellon 1505-6 (of which tho 
Earl of Crawford was superior), is the first An- 



naud I have foiuKl mentioned in connection with 
these hitids. Alexander, son of the baron who 
died in IGOl, was served heir to his father in 
August of that year ; and the inscription (hist 
quoted) appears to refer to him and h.h wife 
Margaret Cheyne. From the Poll Book of Aber- 
deenshire (1G9G) we learn that the laird of Auch- 
terellou was married, had three daughters, and | 
two sons ; but the surname of the laird of that I 
period is not given. Anan, or Annund, is a ter- 
ritorial name, and the family were early settled 
in Forfarshire (Mem. of Angus, p. 288}. where 
they subsisted down to about 1500, and were 
long proprietors of lands adjoining the chief re- 
sidence of the Earls of Crawford. The Auchter- 
ellon branch had probably sprung from the Angus 
stock, and may have acquired a footing in Buchan 
through the Crawfords. Of the " Ubiit 132G" 
I can offer no conjecture. 

Within a railed inclosure, in front of the An- 
nand monument :^ 

To the memory of Keith Turni: n of Turnerhall, 
this stone is erected by his sorrowing widow. He 
was born January 20, 1768 ; departed this life Oct. 
20, 1808, and was, by his own desire, laid into the 
grave of his beloved mother, Elizabeth Urquhaet 
of Meldrum, born July 10, 1735; died Feb. 28, 
1786. Also to the memory of his widow, Mrs j 
Anxa-Margaret Turner of Turnerhall, ob 
Oct. 1823, a'. 50 years. 

—The author of the View of the Diocese of Aber- 
deen (1732), says that Turnerhall [previously 
Eosehill, formerly Hilton], was purchased for him 
(Mr Turner) by a rich merchant, who had returned 
home from Poland to Aberdeen, and was extremely 
desirous that, seeing he had no children, one of 
his own name should have the estate, which should 
be so denominated as to preserve his memory. 
The above Keith Tukxeu is called John in Burke's 
Landed Gentry. 

Two fragments, from the Waterton aisle, which 
stood on the south side of the old church, are 
built into the church wall. One stone, with the 
Forbes and Ramsay arms impaled (the latter with 
3 mullets or stars round t!ie head of the eagle), is 
initialed and dated, I. Y .W -. J R., 1G37, also the 


The other fragment bears the fi Hewing words 
incised : — 

Built by I : F. of W. ... son to W. F. of 
Tolqu . . . & 1. E. dauf to Balmain, in 1637- 
Rebuilt by T. F. of W. and M. M. in 1755. 
— Forbes of Waterton appears to have acquired 
the property, and to have " finished the house" of 
Waterton, during the early part of the 17th cen- 
tury. His wife was a sister to the first baronet 
of Balmain ; and the historian of the Forbes's 
says that "she bare to him Sir John Forbes of 
Watertoune, with diverss oyr bairns." 

James Bowman, builder and farmer, KeMton of 
Fechil, died Aug. 14, 1806, aged 85. Margaret 
Taylor, his spouse, died Aug. 15, 1805, aged 78. 
Katherine (their dr.) died 1790, aged 45 : — 

Stay, reader, stay, remove not from this tomb, 

Before thou hast considered well thy doom. 

The grave that next is opened may be thine ; 

With patience, then, sustain thy mortal load, 

And daily strive to walk approved by God, 

That when thy body's numbered with the dead, 

Thy soul may rest with C'hi-ist, thy living head. 
— Apart from the above lines, there are eleven 
others extracted from IMichael Bruce's poems, be- 
ginning "The curtain of this grave." Elaborately 
carved masonic emblems adorn the lower part of 
the stone. 

Mrs Janet Forrest, sometime residing in Peter- 
head, died 1 March 1812, aged 48. 

Several tombstones bear the name of Ligert- 
wood. two of which are respectively inscribed : — 

James LiGERTWOOD, born in Cairnhill, June 11, 
1681, and died there Januai-y 5, 174.5. 

Here lys in hopse of a blessd Ressurrection, the 
Dust of John Ligarwood, sometime in tartie, wh° 
died Suptmb 27, 1767, aged 74 yeai's. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Nathaniel 
Grieve, M.A., clergyman of the Church in Scot- 
land, and Incumbent of the Episcopal Church, 
Ellon. He died at x\berdeen 18 Feb. 1863, in the 
84th year of his age, and 00th of his ministry. 

Upon monuments on the east side of the kirk 
door : — 

Rev. Andrew Moir, minister of Ellon for 32 



years, died Feb. 1774, aged 73. His wife Jean, 
died Oct. 1789, aged 74. Their daughter Jean 
MoiR [erector of the tablet], died 16 Sep. 1816, 
aged 70. 

— Mr M., who succeeded Mr Milue (the first 
minister here after the abolition of Episcopacy), 
was father of the Rev. Mr Moir, M.D., of Peter- 
head, who married a Miss Byers of Tonley, in 
Tough. Through this marriage the present pro- 
prietor, Mr Moir, succeeded to that estate. 

Rev. James Milne, minister of Ellon, died 31 
May 1797, aged 79. Mrs Elizabeth Ker, his 
spouse, died 28 May 1807, aged 73. 

The following are upon monuments on the west 

side of the church door : — 

Elizabeth Gordon, spouse to the Kev. Thomas 

Tait, minister of Ellon, died 8 Jan. 1804, aged 50. 

Her nephew, James Gordon, son to the Eev. John 

(jlordon, minister of Cabrach, died at Ellon, 7 July 

1808, aged 13 yrs. The Rev. Thomas Tait, died 

Aug. 1810, aged 67. 

The Rev. Robert Douglass, died 21 Dec. 1831, 

aged 48, and in the 21st year of his ministry. 
The Rev. William Brewster, died 27 Aug. 

1859, aged 07, and in the 16th year of his ministry 

in this parish. 

Erected by the U. P. C'ongi-egation of Savoch of 

Deer, in memory of their late pastor the Rev. John 

Hunter, who died 3 June 1865, in the 32d year of 

his ministry, and the 61at of his age. 

The Episcopal Church of S. Mary " on the 
rock" stands on the south side of the Ythan, near 
the bridge of Ellon. A stained-glass window of 
one light, in the north wall, bears, in the chief or 
centre compartment, a representation of Christ, 
with lantern in hand, illustrative of the text, 
" Behold, I stand at the door and knock.'' In 
the lower compartment, Christ is represented re- 
lieving a lamb from a thicket of thorns, with the 
words, " I am the good shepherd." The follow- 
ing is in the base line of the window : — 

Charles-Napier Gordon, died 16 June 1864. 
— A marble tablet, on the south wall, is thus in- 
scribed : — 

In memory of Charles-Napier Gordon of Esle- 
mont, and hia sisters Harriet, Frances, and 

Georgina, son and daughters of George Gordon of 
Hallhead, and his wife Henrietta Hope Napier. 
— Gordon of Hallliead was nephew to George, 
Earl of Aberdeen, and his wife was a daughter of 
Lord Napier. The Gordons of Hallhead, in 
Leochel-Cushnie, who became extinct in the male 
line on the death of the above-named Charles- 
Napier Gordon, were descended from George, 
son of Thomas Gordon of Daach of Ruthveu, who 
acquired Hallhead towards the close of the 14th 
century. Eslemont was long a part of the exten- 
sive estates of the family of Cheyne. 

The Antiquities of Aberdeen and Banff (vol. 
iii., Spald. Club), contain valuable charters and 
other information regarding Ellon, from 1157, 
when Pope Adrian IV. confirmed to the See of 
Aberdeen the lands which Master Philip held in 
Ellon, down to a late date. 

It would appear that in 1387 an inquest was 
made conceining the property of the church of 
Ellon, by which some peculiarly interesting pay- 
ments were found to belong to it, such as the 
hereditary rights and duties of the scologs or 
scholars, who were apparently the forerunners of 
the readers and parochial teachers of this country. 
In Ellon, the " soologs' lands" were bound to fur- 
nish four clerks for the parish church, able to read 
and sing ; while another part of the same lands 
had to find a dwelling-house for the scholars. 

The lands of Candellon (? Candle- Ellon), were 
burdened with the payment of 24 wax candles 
yearly for the high altar of the church of Ellon; 
and the lands of Ferley were held by vassals who 
bore the surname of Flrlly, on the tenure of 
maintaining a smithy at the town of Ellon. 

In regard to the proprietary history of the dis- 
trict, it need only be stated that Ellon formed an 
important part of the great territory of the old 
Fkrls of Buchan. It was the seat of justice for 
that earldom ; and upon the moot hill, or Earls' 
hill, these barons received formal investiture of 
the earldom. This mound, which was removed 
many years ago, stood below the bridge of Ellon, 
opposite to the New Inn. The Earls' hill was the 
last part of the Buchan property which descended 



■with that title ; and about the middle of the 17th 
century it belonged to the Earls of Paumure ; 
afterwards to those of Strathmore. 

The proprietors of the estate of Ellon, formerly- 
called KtrmucJcs, were Hereditary Constables of 
Aberdeen, the seal of one of whom, Wilyeame 
Kynidy, 1487, shows a key and baton, saltire- 
Forbes of Waterton was at one time laird of Ker- 
mucks ; and, during the early part of the 18th 
century, the property belonged to Gordon, '' son 
of a farmer in Bourtie, a merchant in Edinburgh, 
and once a bailie there, and a rich man." He 
built "a very great house," the picturesque ruins 
of the tower of which, now ivy-clad, only remain. 
From James, a Bordeaux merchant, and a de- 
scendant of the above-named Gordon, the third 
Earl of Aberdeen bought the lands of Ellon and 
Waterton, &c., in 1750. His Lordship died at 
Ellon House in 1801, aged 80 ; and on the death 
of his second son, the present proprietor suc- 
ceeded, by whom the estate of Ellon has been 
vastly improved and beautified. A freestone 
slab, ornamented somewhat in the style of the old 
sculptured stones of Scotland, stands upon a 
mound near the east gate of Ellon. It is com- 
memorative of a meeting of the different members 
of Mr Gordon's family under their paternal roof, 
and is thus inscribed : — 




The bridge of Ellon, which crosses the Ythan, 
and consists of three arches, is dated 1793. It 
was built at the expense of the third Earl of 
Aberdeen, the road trustees having previously 
agreed to make the Aberdeen and Peterhead 
turnpike to suit the locaUty chosen by his lord- 
ship for the bridge. 

Places called the Kirkiiill of Turnerhall, and 
the Chapkl of Savoch, in this parish, possibly 
indicate sites of early places of worship. 

^ V fl (J u «. 


FORDO UN is believed to have been one of the 
earliest seats of Christianity in the north of 
Scotland. After the death of S. Palladius, who 
came to Fordoun in the 5th century, it is said 
that his relics were long kept tliere in a silver 

The aisle, or S. Palladius' Chai:)el, is all that 
remains of the old church. It has been for long 
the burial place of the families of Glenfarquhar 
and Monboddo. No stone preserves the names of 
any of the Falconers of Glenfarquhar. They were 
descended from William de Auceps, hawksman to 
William the Lion at Kincardine Castle; and are 
now represented by the Earl of Kin tore. Sir 
Alexander Falconer of Glenfarquhar, who 
left several legacies for educational purposes, was 
father of the 4th Lord Halkerton, and the last of 
the family that was buried in the vault below. Lord 
Falconer, who died in 1685, whose eldest son be- 
came 5th Lord Halkerton, was of the Glenfar- 
quhar branch ; and Catherine, daughter of the 
5th Peer, was the mother of Hume, the philo- 
sopher and historian. 

A chest-shajDed tomb (within S. Palladius' 
chapel), embellished with bold carvings of the 
Irvine and Douglas arms, and the initials C.R.I : 
E.D., is thus inscribed : — 

1668. — In spem beat;e resvrrectionis hie velvti 
svfiitvs thalamo svaviter in Domino obdormit dux 
RoBERTVS Irvin, a Monboddo, Dominvs, qui pie 
fatis cessit 6 Ivlii, anno salvtis hvmanaj 1652, 
et aitatis sva; anno 80 : — 

C'onjvge, progenia felix, virtvtis, honesti 

Cvltor, et antiqvis exorivndvs avis, 

Hoc cvbat Irvinvs mouvmento. Caatera norvnt 

Mvsa et vitiferis Scqvana clai-vs aqvis. 

[1668. — In the hope of a blessed resurrection, 
here, as in a perfumed chamber, sweetly sleej^eth 
in the Lord, Captain Robert Irvine of Monboddo, 
a gentleman who piously yielded up his spirit 
(as above) : — 



Happy in his consort and in his offspring, a man 
of virtue and honour, descended from an ancient 
family, Irvine reclines in this tomb. Moreover, 
the ]\Iuse had knowledge of him ; also the Seine, 
famed for its vine growing waters. ] 
— Capt. Irvine, who was of the Drum family, mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Douglas 
of Glenbervie. From them, through a female, 
was descended the well-known Jamks Buknktt, 
Lord ]\lonbodilo, author of several metaphysical 
books, and who died at Edinburgh, 27 May 1799, 
aged 85. One of his daughters was the " Fair 
Burnett," celebrated by the poet Burns. Another 
daughter (who died about 1833, and was buried 
at Fordoun), became the wife of Mr Williamson, 
keeper of the Outer House Rolls at Edinburgh. 
The present laird, Capt. Burnett, is their grand- 
son. The property came to the Irvines by mar- 
riage with the daughter and heiress of Strachan 
of Monboddo, a descendant of the old house of 
Thornton. Part of Monhodachyn, and other lauds 
in Fordoun, were given to the Monastery of Ar- 
broath, by Robert Warnebald, and his spouse 

The new church, erected in 1828-9, stands to 
the north of the old aisle. Upoi> the bell— 
Thomas Meares, London Foundhy, 1835. 

A marble slab in the lobby, above the north 
door of the tower, is thus inscribed : — 

In memory of Alexander Crombie of Phesdo, 
who lived much respected and beloved, and died 
deeply regretted, Nov. 21, 1832, aged 66 years. 
In him the Poor of this parish lost a most generous 

— Mr Crombie, who was an advocate in Aberdeen, 
bought Phesdo and Thornton. He was succeeded 
by his cousin-german, Dr Crombie. author of 
the Gymnasium, &c., whose eldest son is now laird 
of Thornton. Phesdo became, by purchase, the 
property of the late Sir John Gladstone, bart. 

[in churchyard] :— 

Heir lyes a faithfvl brother Thomas Crol, vho 

departed the 27 of April 1678, of age 81 ; and his 

spovs Christian Covt;', de. Ap. 28, 1608, ag. 72 :— 

Theirs non in qvestion this will call. 

Which I write on their dvst, 

That to the poor they liberall. 
And wer to all men ivst. 

Upon a stone lying at south side of aisle : — 
Heir lyes a faithf Bard spovs to 

Ia departed the 9 of De 

Love convgal in . . . lyfe keeps amity, 
Bvt death doth come and break society ; 
Yet heir is love com . . . behold and see. 

That vith death st got the victory. 

Together they did live, together dy. 
Together ver both bvried in one day ; 
Together they within this grave do ly. 
Together they shall ring with Christ for ay. 

Heir lyes a faithfvl brother Iames Farqvhar, 

vho departed this lyfe the 9 of December 1671, and 

of his age the 81.— LP : M.B. 

William Lay : — 

Here lies William Lay, 
Sometime in Tippertie, 
W^ho dejjarted this life 
The last Sabbath of April 1725. 


Deset nor proud she coud not endure, 
But still a mouther to the poor. 

George Watson's wife, 1764 : — 

This dust which now obscurely lies. 
Once animated was by one 
Whose amiable qualities 
Seldom, if ever, were outshone. 

David Walker, d. 1772, a. 43 : — 

This dust which here doth rest in sacred peace. 

Once lodg'd a soul eurich'd with every grace ; 

A safe companion, and a friend approv'd. 

In death regretted, and in life belov'd. 

Well pleased. Heaven crown'd his virtues with 

And soon receiv'd him to the seats of bliss ; 
At life's mid age he gain'd that happy shore, 
Whei-e friends unite, & death can part no more. 

David Watson, by his widow, Jean Milne, who 
composed these lines, 1825 : — • 
Deeply the Widow and the children mourn 
The best of husbands, & the Father kind ; 
Their earthly joys & hopes were from them torn, 
When he to dust his mortal frame resigu'd. 

David Glass, mason, aged 46, "died in conse- 



of a fall from the old church when taking it 
down on the 17th April 1828." 

Upon a table-shaped stone on north side of 
church : — 

Here are interred the remains of Dr James 
Badenoch of Whiteriggs, who died 26 Dec. 1797, 
in the 54th year of his age. Also of Mrs Axne 
Grahame, his wife, who died 6 Aiigt. 1815, in the 
63d year of her age. Erected by their son James 
Badenoch of Arthurhouse. 

— Dr B., who was grandfatlier to the present 
J. Badenocli-Nicolson, yr. of Glenbervie, married 
a daughter of the laird of JMorphie, sister to Lady 

Alex. Milne, A.M., who, having been 46 years 
schoolmaster of Fordoun, died 16 Dec. 1812, aged 72. 
Upon a flat stone : — 

Captn. James Leslie, 15th P^egt. of Foot, died 
at Kair, April 1, 1791, aged 55 years. Erected by 
his son, James Leslie, merchant, Canada. 

Within a railed enclosure, on the left side of 
churchyard gate : — 

James Gammell, Esq, of Drumtochty, died at 
Drumtochty Castle, 15 Sep. 1825, aged 89, and is 
interred here. Janet Giels, spouse of the said 
Jas. Gammell, died 28 April 1818, aged 79, and is 
interred at Greenock. Their son William Gam- 
mell, died in infancy. Lieut. -Gen. Andrew 
Gammell, interred in Westminster Abbey; and 
Lieut. -Col. William Gammell, interred at Martin- 

A granite pillar, with square base, surnwuntcd 
by an urn, erected in 1850, bears the fullowing 
inscription round the column : — 

This monument is erected to the memory of one 
of Scotland's first and most illustrious martyrs, 
George WiSHARTof Pittarrow, in this parish ; and 
as a testimony of gratitude to the great Head of the 
Church, for the work of the Reformation, on be- 
half of which his servant suffered. He was born in 
1513, and was burned at St Andrews, 1st March 
1546. ' The righteous shall be in everlasting re- 
membrance. ' 

— Charters show that Wisharts were settled in 
this district as far back as the year 1200 ; and 
that they exsisted down to the early part of the 
17th century. The old house of Pitarrow was 

demolished about 1802. Some carved stones re- 
lating to the Wi-sharts are still to be seen at 
Pitarrow. The Wisharts were succeeded in these 
lands by Carnegie of Kinnaird in Angus ; and Sir 
James (great-grandfather of the present Earl of 
Southesk), sold Pitarrow to a younger brother, 
George, one of whose descendants resold the lands 
to Mr Crorabie, late of Phesdo. 

On north wall of parish school, formerly on 
south wall of old church : — 

Under the fiat stone, 5 feet south from this wall, 
lies the body of James Leith of Whiteriggs, who 
died 20 Feb. 1788, aged 63. And on the south side 
of that stone, lies the body of Margaret Young, 
his wife, who died 6 April 1783, aged 58. The 
virtue of their lives made their deaths lamented, 
and this stone is in gratitude erected to their me- 
mories by their children. There are also interred 
the body of Margaret Hacket, his mother, who 
died in April 1765, aged 56. And Doctor Charles 
Leith, his brother, who died 6 of May 1731, aged 
56. And also of two of his children, PiAMSAY 
Leith, and Leith, who died in infancy. 

A stone, within an iron-railed enclosure, at 
north side of parish school, bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Arnott, Esq., 
who died at Arbikie, in Forfarshire, 3 Dec. 1799 ; 
and of his wife, Janet Leith, who died at Edin- 
burgh, 29 Aug. 1827 ; and of their two younger 
sons, Charles Arnott, Esq., formerly solicitor in 
London, who died at Leithheld Cottage, in this 
parish, 21 Sept. 1841, and whose body is here in- 
terred. And David Leith Arnott, Esq., a Major 
in the East India Company's service, who died in 
India, 19 Oct. 1840. And of their j'oungest daugh- 
ter, Helen Arnott, who died in Montrose, 21 
Feb. 1807. James Leith Arnott, grandson of 
said James Arnott and Janet Leith, died at Edin- 
burgh, 10 Novr. 1818, aged 2 years. 

[On west front of same stone] : — 

James Leith of Whiteriggs or Leithfield, and 
Margaret Young spouses, whose names are men- 
tioned on a tablet erected near this stone, left six 
children, viz. Alexander Leith, died at sea in 
Jan. 1805, aged 53. John Leith, died at Surinam, 
in 1805, surgeon of the 16th regiment of Foot, aged 
49. James Leith, died at Madras, 12 Nov. 1829, 
a Major-General in the service of the East India 



Company, aged 65. Janet Leith, or Arnott, 
wife of James Arnott, mentioned on tlie other side, 
died at Edinburgh, aged 73, leaving a family. 
Margaket Leith, died at Edinburgh, March 13, 
1835, aged 77. Elizabeth Leith, died at Edin- 
burgh 29 April 1841, aged 81. Erected by the 
three surviving children of the said James Arnott 
and Janet Leith. 

— Mr Leith of Whiteriggs was father of Major- 
General James Leitb, long Judge Advocate- 
General in the East Indies. " Judge Leith" 
bouglit AN'hiteriggs, and gave it the name of 
Leithfield. His nephew, James Arnott, W.S., 

Janet Eraser, relict of the Eev. Lewis Eeid, 
minister at Strachan, died at Manse of Fordoun, 
26 Jan. 1798, aged 88. The Revd. Alexander 
Leslie, minister at Fordoun, died Sep. 15, 1807, in 
the 74 year of his age, and 49th of his ministry. 

Margaret Reid, relict of the Eevd. 

Alexander Leslie, died at Fordoun, June 20, 1829, 
in the 92d year of her age. Their daughter Grace, 
died at Manse of Fordoun, Dec. 23, 1837, aged 62. 
Their daughter Janet, died at Bathlodge, 18 June 
1850, aged 80 ; Their daughter Eliza, relict of 
William Lindsay of Oatlands, died at Aberdeen, 
22 July 1855, aged S3 ; and the Revd. James, 
D.D., their son, died at ilathlodge, 20 March 1858, 
aged 94, having resigned his charge at Fordoun, in 
1843, after being minister there for 55 years. 

The parish of Fordoun contains many interest- 
ing historical and topographical features, such as 
the ruins of the royal residence of Kincardine 
Castle, the sculptured stone at S. Palladius' 
chapel, &c. ; as elsewhere described by the writer 
of these notes. 

The Fordoun portion of the parish has been 
Arbuthnott property from at least 1608. 

According to the Aberdeen Breviary, the Pict- 
ish Saint Erchard was a native of this parish ; 
and it is generally agreed that John of Fordun, 
author of the Scotichronicon, was connected with 
it either by birth or residence. 

Lord RIONBODDO, previously referred to, and 
James Beattie, professor of Natural History in 
Marischal College, Aberdeen, were also natives 
of Fordoun. 

The Luther, which is bridged in various places, 
washes the base of the hill upon which the 
church stands. It flows through a pretty dell, 
the beauties of which are celebrated in Beattie's 
Minstrel, the poet having been schoolmaster here. 

The burying-place of Chapelyard (S. Cather- 
ine), on the west side of the parish, near the site 
of the old town of Kincardine, contains two small 
head stones, bearing respectively these names and 
dates :— AViLLiAM Rdss, 1739 ; and William 
Taylor, 1786. It is marked by a few trees, 
and an enclosing wall. 

In 1707, Sir D. Carnegy of Pitarrow had a 
grant (Acta Pari., xi. Appx. 144), to hold two 
fairs, in addition to that of Palladius, or Paddy, 
which were named respectively Cammock and S. 
John's— the first to be held on the last Tuesday 
of May, the other on the 3d Tuesday of June. 
Another fair, called Lady Market, was held at 
the kirk of Fordoun on 6 July. 

A somewhat odd case of obstructing the design- 
ing of a manse and glebe took place at Fordoun 
in 1601, as fully set forth in Pitcairn's Crim. 
Trials, vol. ii. p. 362. 


THOMAS, son of Malcolm of Lundin, granted 
the church of Eych, Hachtis, or Heijth, to 
the monks of Scone, about 1220. 

The present parish church was built about 
1804, when Mr Forbes of Echt gave a new bell 
in exchange for the old one, which was dated 
1783. This bell was preserved at Dun Echt 
House until lately, when it was accidentally 
broken. I'he front of the loft of the old kirk 
was ornamented with carved panels, some of 
which, dated 1688, are preserved at Whitehill 

[in churchyard] :— 
I.E :M.L. — Here lies Iohn Elphinston, late of 
Bellabeg, who departed this life the 10th day of 




Oct. 1742, aged 70 years. Also Mary Leslie, his 
spouse, who departed this life the day of 
17 , aged years. Likewise Jean Elpiiinston, 
their daughter, who departed this life the Gth day 
of February 1752, aged 29 years. 
— Elphiustone, who sold the small estate of Bel- 
labeg, in Strathdou, to Forbes of Newe, is said 
to have gone to the Mill town of Culairlie, in 
Echt, to reside with a daughter who was married 
to the farmer. The date of his wife's death has 
never been cut upon the stone. The Elphin- 
stones of Bellabeg are supposed to have been de- 
scended from the Lords Eljjhinstone, who held 
Kildrumy and other lands on the Don, 

Erected to the memory of William Smith, A. M. , 
who died 21 October 1830, aged 22. In 1829 he 
completed his studies at the Divinity Hall of the 
U. S. Church, where he displayed talents calculated 
to inspire hopes of future eminence and usefulness 
in the church, had it pleased the Lord to sj)are 
iim : — 
Ere yet his lips proclaim'd to guilty men 
That Grace Divine which he had liv'd upon, 
The silver cord Avas loosed ; Affection mourns 
An only Son, an only Brother, dead. 
The church below, a choisest Jewel lost. 
And Friendship, all bereaved, adores, and weeps. 
Revd. Alexander Henderson, died 30 May 
1813, aged 57. 

Eevd. William Ingram, died IGth May 1848, 
aged 79. 

Cairns and tumuli lie along the base of the hill 
called the Barmakin of Echt. Some remarkable 
specimens of the so-called Druidical circles are 
also in the parish. These, as well as the entrench- 
ments which surrounil the Barmakin, are described 
in the Old and New Statistical Accounts of the 
Parish. The summit of the Barmakin, which is 
from 800 to 900 feet above the level of the sea, 
is flat, and contains, within the upper rampart, 
about an acre of ground. Theie are a series of 
entrenchments, with gates, or entrances, farther 
down the hill. It is one of those ancient struc- 
tures, known as British forts, of which class are 
the two Caterthuus, near Brechin, and Glenshiora, 
in Badenoch. Amusing stories of odd sounds 

having been heard at, or near the Barmakin, 
which were supposed to foretell the coming 
struggle of the hapless reign of Charles I., are 
told in Gordon's Scots Affairs (vol. i., pp. 56-8.) 

There was anciently a chapel at Munksecht 
(S. ), now Monecht. 

Thomas, or Thorn of the Loch^ a natural son of 
Alex. Forbes of Brux (Alistcr Cam), is said to 
have acquired Echt by marrying INIarjory Stewart, 
the heiress, and neice of the Earl of Mar, 1437-60. 

The estate of Echt now belongs to Lord Lind- 
say, heir apparent to the Earldom of Crawford, 
and author of the Lives of the Lindsays, &o. Dun 
Echt House, an elegant castellated mansion, has 
been recently erected by Lord Lindsay, almost 
under the shadow of the Barmakin. 


§COLUMBA's well is marked by a tall pave- 
« ment slab, near the gate to the House of 
Glenmoriston, which, with similar stones, erected 
some years ago, give a strange, weird look to the 

The family of Glenmoriston bury within the 
cemetery of S. Columba, where there are several 
handsome monuments. From some of these the 
following inscriptions are copied : — 

This stone is erected here in memory of the much 
honoured John Grant, leard of Glenmoriston, who 
died 1730, aged 79. 

A.D. 1840 : Alexander Grant, son of John 
Grant, fifth laird of Glenmoriston, and his spouse 
Janet Mackenzie, grand-daughter of Capt. Alex- 
ander Mackenzie of Gairloch, ancestors of Capt. 
George Grant of the Indian Army, has erected this 
monument as a token of affection, esteem, and re- 
gard, with which he cherishes their memory. They 
died at Bre, about the year 1730. — Deut. 32, 7 ; 
Prov. 10, 7. 

The tomb of James Grant of Burnhall, W.S., 
2d son of Patrick Grant of Glenmoriston, by 
Henrietta, daughter of James Grant of Euthie- 



murclius, died 1834, aged 66 j^ears. His family, 
James, died at Barbadoes, 1829, aged 20 ; SiMOX- 
Fraser, died at Edinburgh, 1829, aged 11 ; JoHX 
Charles, E.I.C.S., Bengal, died at Singapore, 
1836, aged 28, at whose desire this tomb of his 
father and family was erected. Helex, spouse of 
Alexander Macdonald of Berbice, tlied at Daw- 
lish, Devonshire, 1840, aged 34. 
— John -More Grant of Culcabock (son of Grant 
of Freuchy), had a charter of the lands and barony 
of Glenmoriston from King James IV. From 
this John -More, the i^resent Grants of Glenmoris- 
ton are descended. If the above inscriptions are 
right, the pedigree of this family, as given in 
Burke (Baronage, 1850), appears to want revision. 
Sacred to the memory of Patrick ]\I'Donell, 
M.D., H.E.I.S., only child of Donald McDonell of 
Aonach, and of Barbara Grant, his spouse. Born 
at Inmerick, Glemuoriston 1798, died at Maudivie, 
in Cutch, Bombay, 1825. Erected by his father 
similar to the tomb placed over his remains by his 
brother officers in India. 

This place belongs to Fixlay M'Leod, piper, 
Glenmoriston, who died 1842, aged 70. [Here fol- 
low the names of several children. ] 

Upon a shield built into the wall : — 
Erected by Peter M'Leod, son of Finlay M 'Leod, 
piper to Glenmoriston. 1848. 

Glenmoriston and Urquhart ai'e united parishes 
in Inverness-shire. There are a number of burial 
places in both districts, which mostly bear the 
names of local saints. 

Urquhart Castle, situated upon a rock over- 
hanging Loch Ness, is one of the most imposing 
and picturesquely situated ruins in Scotland. It 
had been a place of great size and strength ; and, 
in addition to the ordinary means of defence 
known in old times, a peculiar arrangement ap- 
pears about the windows, by which molten lead, 
or other destructive substances, could be poured 
upon the heads of invaders. It was besieged and 
taken by the forces of Edward I., 1303. In 1509, 
it and the barony of Urquhart came to the chief 
of the Clan Grant, and now belongs to the Earl 
of Seafield. 


Beautifully situated upon the south bank of 
Loch Ness, in the parish of Abertarf, near the 
old mansion house and the celebrated Falls of 
Foyers, stands an obelisk, ornamented with the 
Eraser and Grant arms, and an urn upon the top. 
A marble slab, sunk into the pedestal, presents 
nicely executed carvings of two angels in alto- 
relievo, with upcast eyes, and the words, "Thy will 
be done — I am ready." The monument also bears 
this simple inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of Jaxe, spouse of Thomas 
Fraser of Balnain. She was the only child of Simon 
Fraser of Foyers, and of Elizabeth Grant, his wift. 
She added to superior personal graces and talents 
of the first order, the humblest piety, the sweetest 
temper, and the most devoted filial affection. Her 
spotless life was closed by a tranquil and christian 
death, on the 7th of July 1817, in the 22d year of 
her age. Matt. v. & 8. 

— It is told that the site of this monument was a 
favourite retreat of the young lady whose memory 
it preserves, and of whose excellence and worth 
many interesting traits are yet remembered in the 
district. The first Fraser of Foyers was the 
fourth son of Hugh of Lovat and Kinnell, who 
died about 1410. Elizabeth Grant (Mrs Eraser's 
mother) was a daughter of Glenmoriston. 

(S. .) 

T^ff HE churches of Est'ij and Neuyth, both in the 
e^ diocese of St. Andrews, were respectively 
rated at 14 and 20 raerks each. In 1309, Robert 
the Bruce gave the advocation and donation of 
the kirk of Essy to the monks of Newbattle. 

The parishes of " Essie and Neva" were unite 
in 1600. 

The ruins of the old church of Essie are pic- 
turesquely situated upon a rising ground, close to 
the burn of Essie, which is the most considerable 



rivulet in the parish. It rises among the Sidlaw 
hills, from which it flows through the Glen of 
Dunoon, and falls into the Dean, not far from the 
old kirk. 

The church of the united parish, erected about 
30 years ago, is conveniently situated, and nearly 
eq^ui-distant from the two old churches. 

Within the area of the ruius of Essie church 
a mutilated tombstone bears the arms of Lamy 
and Forbes, also these remains of an inscription : — 

.... loANNis . . AMMEE, qvontlam de Dvn- 

kennie, qvi obiit 26 die mensis Septembar 

D.L: 1603: C. F. 

— Lamies were designed of Dunkenny from at 
least 1542. Subsequently the estate belonged to 
Bishop Lindsay (a cadet of Edzell), who died in 
1640. Lamies reacquired it before 1682. Pos- 
sibly they were of the old stock, and may have 
been ancestors of the present laird, Capt. L'Amy, 
whose father, James L'Amy, was long sheriff- 
depute of Forfarshire, and died in 1854. 

[in churchyard] : — 

Thomas White (1665) :— 

We ar bvt earth, and earth is bvt fvme ; 
We ar bvt novght, as novght we doe consvme. 
John Lyon and wife (17 — ) :— 

This man and his wife was diligent, 

And in their dealings just ; 

Who every way was excellent, 

But now they ly in dust. 

Waiting till Christ come in the skies, 

With angels all around, 

Commanding them straight to rise 

And be with glory crowu'd. 
David Wightoun, a. 75 (1717) : — 

Below this Tomb there lyeth thus, 

Fan David Wightoun in the Bush ; 

A Eabie Father was indeed ; 

As you may see this tomb to read. 

In English and arithmetic both 

He could both write and spell ; 

In Greek a great proficient — 

In Hebrew did exoell. 
William Gibb, Balkerrie (1737) :— 

Remember man, that against Death, 

There is not an antidote ; 

Be rich or poor, or what you may, 

You'll die & be forgot. 
D. Chisholm's mother (1774) : — 

She honoured as she bore the Cln-istian name, 
Her closet nourish'd her celestial flame ; 
Her social hours with love & pleasure flew, 
The love no art, no guile the pleasure knew. 
Unclouded virtue shone thro' all her life — 
The blameless virgin, & the faithful wife ; 
Long she endur'd affliction's sharpest pain 
But turn'd her crosses into heavenly gain. 
All this her husband, & her son who witnessed 

this express'd, — 
Go live like her, & die for ever blest. 
Eev. Adam Davidson, ordained minister of 
Essie, Dec. 1702, died Oct. 1720 :— 

His soul still breathed upward, and a last, 
Arrived above — the mantle's here downcast. 
Rev. Alexander Finlayson, ordained minister 
of Essie, Sep. 1721, died 1731. 

Excepting the name, and a spring well, there is 
now no trace of the " Chapel of the Blessed 
Mary at Balgownie, in the parish of Essie," of 
which there is charter evidence in 1450. 

Isabella, Countess of Mar, in the time of 
Eobert III., gave a charter of the lands of the 
Kirktown of Essy to Walter Ogilvy ; and his 
successor, Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, 
gave 10 merks out of the barony of Essy, for the 
fouudation of a chaplain within the Cathedral 
Church of Brechin. 

(S. — .) 
l^HIS church is sometimes called Kirhinch, or 
M> the kirk on the island, the knoll or inch upon 
which it stands having been at one time sur- 
rounded by a marsh, or swamp. 

The date of 1651 is upon the ruins of the old 
church ; and the door lintel is also inscribed, 
16 : D. N. 95. Upon the surrounding wall : — 
Built by Subscription, 1843. 



A mutilated tombstone withia the area of the 
church bears these traces : — 

.... YRIES . IN . N E . FOLLOVS 

— This is all that remains of an inscription which 
is locally said to have read when entire— "Here 
ly the Tyries in Nevay, honest men and brave 
fellows." Tyries were designed of Lunan in the 
15th century. They were long proprietors of 
the estate of Drumkilbo, in Meigle ; and one of 
them was slaughtered by Crichtou of Ruthven, 
1581. The family was knighted, and Sir Thomas 
of Drumkilbo was at Aberdeen with Montrose, 
in 1644. There were Nevoys of that ilk, one of 
whom, Sir David, a lord of Session, assumed first 
the title of Lord Reidie, afterwards that of Lord 

MjUIGARet, wf. of David Barrox, Lieut., R.N., 
d. 1827, a. 55 :— 

Oft shall sorrow heave my breast, 
Whilst my dear Margaret lies at rest ; 
Oft shall reflectiou bring to view, 
The happy days I've spent ■ndth you. 

David Barron, on two sons (1853) :— 
Here are reposVl two goodly youths, 

Which loving brothers were ; 
Endu'd with grace beyond their years, 

And virtues very rare. 
Such was their life that we may hope, 

They're gone beyond the sky. 
To sing and spend, without an end, 

A sweet Eternity. 

A remarkable sculptured stone, which lay long 
in the burn, now stands between the burn and 
the old church of Essie. 

A circular mound, at Castleton of Essie, ap- 
pears to have been the site of a baronial residence ; 
and at Ingliston, traces of a large encampment 
are said to have existed towards the end of the 
last century. 

Alex. Ogilvy, sheriff of Angus, had the barony 
of Neve, on the resignation of William Cunning- 
ham of Kilmauris (t. Rob. III.), out of the farm 
of which he gave 10 merks to the foundation of a 
chaplain in the kirk of Auchterhouse. 


THE church of KirkmicheU in Banffshire, was 
a mensal church of the Bishops of Moray ; and 
the district belonged, in property, to the M'Duffs, 
the old Earls of Fife. S. Michael's AVell ad- 
joins the church where, at one time, " the winged 
guardian, under the semblance of a fly, was never 
absent from duty," and which the superstitious 
invoked to their aid on all emergencies, whether 
of life or of death ! 

The church, a plain building, erected in 1807, 
stands upon the haugh, on the south side of the 
Aven. It contains five monuments. One is of 
freestone, and thus inscribed : — 

Here lies the body of Ann Lindsay, spouse of 
John Gordon of Glenbucket, and daughter of the 
Right Hon. Sir Alexander Lindsay of Evelaek, who 
departed this life on the 9th day of June 1750 aged 
50 years. Also Hellen Reid, spouse of William 
Gordon, Esq. of Glenbucket, and daughter of the 
Right Hon. Sir John Reid of Barra, who died on 
the 5th of May 1706, aged 52 years ; and Lilias 
McHardy, spouse of John Gordon, Esqr. of Glen- 
bucket, and daughter of William McHardy, late in 
Delnilat, who died May 30, 1829, aged 78 years. 
And of Elspet Stewart, spouse of Charles Gordon, 
Esq. St Bridget, and daughter of William Stewart, 
Esq. BaUentrewan, who died 2d February 1856, 
aged 03 years. 

— A slab in the churchyard, which has disappeared 
within the last year or two, bore the following 
epitaph to the lady first-named in the above in- 
scription : — 

Here 1 the body of M 

Lindsey, lady Glenbucket, d to the Hon. 

Sir Alexander Lindsay . . Evlack, who in the 
50th year of her . . . departed this life on the 9th 
of June 1 . . . : — 

Her stately person. Beauty, Great, 

Her charity and lowly heart ; 

Her meekness and obedience ; 

Her chastity, and her good sense, 



Do all combiue to eternise, 
Her fame ami praise above the skies. 
—The Gordons of Glenbucket were descended of 
those of Rothiemay, whose grandfather was of the 
family of Lesmore (Nisbet). The Lindsays of 
Evelick (Perthshire), were descende:! of a younger 
brother of Sir Walter of Edzell. In I0G6, a 
baronetcy was created in the Evelick branch of 
the Lindsays. The Reids, who bought Barra 
about 170 years ago, were created baronets iu 

Another tablet, within the kirk, commemorates 
the death of John Stewart (of the Auchnahyle 
and Lynchork family). Captain in H.IM. 39th 
regt., who died at Bangalore, E.I., iu 1835, aged 
46 ; also two of his brothers, Robekt, who died 
at Jamaica in 1824, aged 25, and Charles, ]\LD., 
86th regt., who died at Kurrachee, E.L, in 1844, 
aged 40, &c. 

Upon a circular marble slab, built into the south 
wall, embellished with the Grant arms, is this 
inscription : — 

To the memory of Patrick Grant, Esq. of Glen- 
lochy, lately of Stocktoun, who died 15 April 1783, 
aged 74 ; and of Beatrix, his wife (daughter of 
Donald Grant, Esq. of Inverlochy), who died 24 
January 1780, aged G9. This monument is erected 
in testimony of filial affection and gratitude to the 
best of parents, by John Grant, Chief -Justice of 

— A table-shaped stone, outside the church, is in- 
scribed as above, except that it bears to be erected 
" to the best of parents by Francis Grant of Kil- 
graston." This branch of the Grants is descended 
from John of Freuchy, 4th sou of Grant of Grant. 
The above-named John, long Chief-Justice of 
Jamaica, bought the estate of Kilgraston, in 
Perthshire. He died issueless, and was succeeded 
by his younger brother, the above Francis Grant, 
who married a daughter of Oliphant of Rossie, 
and died in 1819. Francis was succeeded by his 
eldest son John, who married a sister of Lord 
Gray. Lord Gray and his elder sister having 
both died without issue, IVIi- Grant's daughter 
(widow of the Hon. Mr Murray), is now Baroness 
Gray. Sir Francis Grant, P.R.A., a well-known 

portrait painter, is the fourth son of the above 
Francis Grant ; and the 5th son is the brave 
Lieut. -Gen. Sir James Hope Grant, late Com- 
mander-in-Chief at Madras. 

A beautifully executed monument of Aberdeen 
granite (upon which are carvings of the insignia 
of the Bath, a sword and shield cross ways, from 
which medals are suspended, and inscribed, 
NivE, victoria, and to the bpitish army, 
1793-4), bears :— 

Underneath lie the mortal remains of Williaji- 
Alex-^nder Gordon, Lieut. -General in H. M.S., 
Colonel of the 54th regt, of foot, C.B. Born at 
Croughly, 21 March 1769, died at Nairn, 10 Augt. 
1856, aged 87. 

— Two monuments relating to the same family 
are within the church. One to James Gordon, 
Esq., Croughly, who died in 1812, aged 86, and 
his wife Anne Forbes, who died in 1818, aged 
82 (the jjarents of Lieut.-Gen. Gordon.) The 
second monument is to Robert Gordon, Esq., 
who died in 1828, aged 47, and to several of his 

Upon the top of a table-shaped tombstone in 
the churchyard : — 

To preserve this burying ground, and in pious 
regard to the memory of Finlay Farquharson of 
Auchriachan, who possessed this place since 1569, 
son to Findlay Farquharson, Esq. of Invercaiild ; 
likewise William Faequharson who died anno 
1719, aged 80 years, who was the ninth man of that 
family who possessed Auchriachan, and Janet 
Grant his spouse, who died anno 1720, aged 78. 
Also William Farquhaeson, son of Inver .... 
who died anno 1723, aged 30, and Elizabeth Far- 
quharson his spouse, who died anno 1772, aged 78 ; 
also Sophia McGrigor, who died 15 May 1769 
aged 59, spouse to Robert Farquharson in Auch- 
riachan, who erected this monument, 1789. 

The said Robert Farquharson died in 179—. 
William, his son died in Aprill 1811, and Alex- 
ander, the last in the male line, died 11 Nov. 1835, 
aged 78. Janet Fai-quharson, Piobert's eldest 
daughter, married James Cameron, Ballenlish, and 
this tablet is renewed by their son, Angus Cameron 
of Firhall, 1851 :— 

These bodies low lie here consign'd to rest, 

With hopes with all to rise among the blest : 



Sweet be tlieir sleep, and blessed their wakening. 

Reader ! pray for those that pray for thee. 
— " Achriachan, which, for about 200 years, was 
the inheritance of a branch of the Farquharsons, 
is now (1775) the property of the Duke of Gor- 

Within a railed enclosure, upon a handsome 
granite cross : — 

In memory of Capt. James G ordon, who died at 
Ivybauk, Nairn, 9th April 1867, aged 90. He 
served in the Peninsula with the 92d Highlanders, 
and received the war medal with seven clasps. He 
was also present at Waterloo, and received the 
medal. He never made an enemy, or lost a friend. 

Near the above is the following record of an- 
other race of gallant Highlanders : — 

Capt. Robert McGregor, of the Clan Alpine 
Feucibles, and 14th Battalioji of Reserve, died at 
Delavorar, 5 Oct. 1816, in the SOth year of his age. 
His sons, Peter, Lieut, l/thregt. of foot, was killed 
at the head of the Grenadiers of that regt. , at the 
storming of Fort Chumera, in the East Indies, in 
the 26th year of his age ; John, Lieut, in the 88th 
regt., was killed at the attack on Buenos Ayres, in 
the 17th year of his age ; James, Lieut. H. P. 84th 
regt. died at Delavorar, in his 32d year. [The 
deaths of other members of this family are also re- 
corded. ] 

A rudely-shaped cross, formed out of a slab of 
gneiss, about five feet high, with a hole pierced 
through the shaft, between the arms of the cross, 
stands beside the monument to Captain James 
Gordon. It is said to have been used by the 
natives for resting their spears or lances upon 
when tliey came to Divine service ; and a story is 
told of some of the more sacrilegious of the High- 
landers having killed a priest by the side of the 
stone, for his being too strict iu demanding at- 
tendance at church ! 

This, however, had very possibly been the cross 
of S. Michael, round which, iu byegone times, 
the people of these parts (as w as customary else- 
where), had assembled for the purpose of buying 
and selling commodities— markets having been 
originally held in churchyards, and upon Sundays. 

As such, it is a relic of much local interest, and 
possibly of high antiquity. 

A chapel dedicated to S. Buidget stood near 
Tomintoul in old times ; and a spring in the lime- 
stone rock of Craigchalkie is known by the name 
of S. Jessie. 

The Village of Tomintoul, which was begun in 
1750, occupies the top of a bleak hillock. It con- 
sists of one street, about half a mile long, built 
on both sides, with a market square near the 
middle of it. Many of the houses are ruinous. 
As a whole, the place has few attractions for 
tourists, unless about Delnaboe, where there are 
some fine bits of romantic scenery. But were the 
means of communication less dilEcult between the 
Dee, the Don, and the Spey, by the way of Tomin- 
toul, it would improve the place, as well as the 
habits and tastes of the people. 

A quoad sacra church and manse were erected 
at the village about 1826. The Roman CathoHca 
being a numerous body in the district, have 
a chapel, school, and priest's house here. This 
inscription is over the front of the chapel : — 

Bene fundata est Domus Dom. supra firmam 
petram. Deo sub tutela B. Mari^ Virginis et B. 
MicHAELis Archangeli dcdicata 1837. 

[The House of the Lord is well founded on a firm 
rock. Dedicated in 1837 to God, under the pro- 
tection of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and the 
Blessed Archangel Michael. ] 

The adjoining cemetery contains several neat 
tombstones. One of these, erected in 1843, pre- 
sents some orthographical peculiarities : — 

Trouble sore, I shurely bore ' 

Physicians was izi vain 
Till God above, by his great love, 
Reliev'd me of my pain. 
Adieu dear friends who laid me here 
Where I must lie till Chiist appear 
And on that day I hope it '11 be 
A joyful rising into me. 



THE burial-grouud of Cupar-Augus is upon 
the site of the Abbey, which was founded 
by King Malcohn in 1164. It is said to have 
been previously used as a Roman camp. 

A monument to a monk of the monastery, 
who died in 1450, bears the effigy of a priest 
incised, the upper portion of which has been 
broken and lost within the last few years— pos- 
sibly at the recent rebuilding of the church. 
When the stone was in its more entire state, 
these words were round the margin : — 

.... monarljfas . "at . ciipvo . qtit . obiit . anno . 
tini . miUcsimo . qbaBttngcixtcsima . qtqgcsio 

Another slab, preserved at the manse, appears 
to be the tombstone of Archibald Macvicar, 
who was provost of the collegiate church of Kil- 
mun, Argyllshire, 1529-48 : — 

%lit . iarrt . Diis . arcijibalti' . m'bir . olim 
prpos . Be . kilmbu . 

I have been told by old residenters of frag- 
ments of other two monuments : one bore : — 
asaiUijclmiis . trc . ittontrfuxo 

The other ; — 

(Silbcvtiis . iic . Iljag 

— The first of these monuments had referred to 
someone of the family of Montifix, orMusciiEX, 
lords of Cargill, near Cupar, of which lauds they 
had a grant from William the Lion. They were 
considerable benefactors to the Abbey, and failed 
in the male line towards the middle of the 14th 
century, when one of three coheiresses became 
the wife of Sir John Drummond, ancestor of the 
Earls of Perth. By her husband she had, with 
other issue, Annabella, Queen of Robert III., 
and mother of James I. of Scotland. 

The other fragment belonged to the Hays of 
Errol, who were by far the largest benefactors to 
the Abbey. It may have been part of a recess 
tomb, the front of which (engraved in Memorials 
of Angus and Mearns), still remains, as well as 

the mutilated effigy of a knight in armour. Pos- 
sibly two of the figures in the panels are intended 
to illustrate the absurd story of the Hays and 
Luncarty. Tl'.e Hays were descended of an 
Anglo-Norman baron who settled in the Lothians 
in the 11th century. He had two sous who be- 
came resi^ectively the ancestors of the Hays of 
Errol, and the Hays of Tweeddale. The male 
line of the latter branch is still carried on ; but 
that of the former failed in the person of Charles, 
twelfth Earl of Errol (v. p. 43.) The Hays of 
Errol had their burial place here ; aud, according 
to " the coppy of the Tabill quhilk ves at Cowper 
of al the Erles of Erroll quhilk ver buryd in the 
Abbey Kirk thair," as printed in the Spalding 
Club Miscellany (vol. ii., pp. 347-9), the seventh 
Earl, who died at Slains in 1585, was laid at 
Cupar, beside fifteen of his ancestors. There 
were two Gilberts Hay buried here, one in 
1333, the other in 1436, to the last of whom the 
fragment above referred to had possibly related. 

In south-west lobby of the church, two marble 
tablets are respectively inscribed as below : — 

Erected by the parishioners of Coupar-Angus, 
to the memory of their late worthy pastor, the 
Rev. John Halkett, who died 21 April 1828, in 
the 51st year of his age, aud 21st of his ministry. 

Adjoining the above : — 

In memoriam parentis amautissimas et percara; 
quae A.D. 1771, obiit 68 annos nata, filius Robt"s 
Robertson, M.D., F.R.S., F.A.S.L., Nosocomij 
Reg. Grenovic Medicus ; Itemque, in memoriam 
Ann^ sororis sute, hoc marmor ponendum curavit. 

[To the memory of a most loving and very dear 
mother, who died A.D. 1771, aged 68 years ; and 
also to the memory of his sister Ann. Robert 
Robertson, M.D., F.R.S., F.A.S.L., Physician to 
the Royal Hospital, Greenwich, caused this tablet 
to be erected.] 

— Dr R. wrote numerous books and essays relat- 
ing to his profession. I have been unable to learn 
anything of his parentage ; and have to thank 
H. F. Prowse, Esq., senior clerk, Royal Hosijital, 
Greenwich, for the following interesting parti- 
culars of his official career : — " Robert Robertson, 
M.D., was appointed Physician of the Institution 



20th Dec. 1790, aud was superannuated on his 
full salary of £500 per annum, 30th Nov. 1818, 
after a period of upwards of fifty years' service. 
During the time of his holding the ofRce of Phy- 
sician, he was also a member of the Board of 
Directors ; and continued to be a member of the 
same until its dissolution in May 1829. He died 
30th Sept. 1829. I may add, as a tradition 
amongst us, that he married when over sixty 
years of age, and saw two of his children attain 
the age of twenty-one years." 

The following inscriptions are from tombstones 
(erect, fiat, and table-shaped), in various parts of 
the burial-ground : — 

Heir lyes ane honest woman named Anna Blak, 
spovs to lohn Makfarland, who depairted the 16 
day of Apprile 1685, and of her age 61 years. 

Heir layes George Malice, son to Androw Malice 
and Margaret Pinkerton in Cowper, who depr^ed 
24 day of Apryl 1685, of age 10 years. 

O dear child, since We Can not 

Thy converss here Enjoy, 

W^ell heast to the Where thou shal be, 

Happy without Anoy. 

Heir laycs ane honnest man Alexander Thom, 
who departed in May 1684, and of his age 60 ; and 
Cristan Christy, his spoves, died the 24 of March 
1701, of hir age 62, indvellers in Bilbo. &c. 

1799 : To the memory of George Nicol, Esq. of 
Pleasenthill, this stone is erected. He died the 3d 
Janr. 1798, aged 53 years. 

Erected by the Relief Congregation, Coupar 
Angus, to the memory of Jajvies Stewart, builder 
there, who died 3 Aug. 1861, aged 85 ; and who 
generously conveyed his whole property, heritable 
and moveable, for the support, in all time coming, 
of the preaching of the Gospel iu the Relief Church, 
Coupar Angus. 

Jean Porter (who d. 1800, a. 45), bore twelve 
children to her h. Geo. Stevenson, farmer, Bal- 
brogie (who d. 1836, a. 84) :— 

Alexander, Jean, Robert, & Agnes, 

Are here laid in the dust ; 
The twelth is with her iu the coffin laid — 

Submit to death we most. 

Erected by the Kirk Session to the memory of 
John CxISLpbell, taylor in Cuper Angus, who be- 
queathed £100 ster. to the Poor of the Parish, and 
directed the interest to be ajDplied by the Kirk 
Session. A native of Badenoch, he resided the last 
30 years in Cupar, & died the 23d day of May 1814, 
aged 50. [Acts xx. 35, cut in Greek characters.] 

Upon a plain head-stone : — 

Sacred to the memory of Mr Thomas Bell, 
comedian, late of the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh, 
a respectable performer, an agreeable companion, 
and an honest man. While ou the Stage of life he' 
encountered some of the rudest shocks of adversity, 
and felt the chill gripe of penury in many a 
checquered Scene j but, possessed of a happy equa- 
nimity of temper, a social disposition, and a well 
informed mind, the arrows of misfortune fell power- 
less. On the 31st of August 1815, the Curtain of 
fate dropt on the Drama of his existence, and ha 
Betired from the Theatre oi the world, to the sorrow 
and regret of all who had the pleasure of his ac- 

Erected by the Dundee Eccentric X Society, in 
testimony of their esteem and respect for Mr Bell, 
an honorary member. 

—In noticing the death of Mr Bell, the Dundee 
Magazine (Aug. 1815) says that " he went under 
the appellation of ' Cousin -Bell.' He was de- 
scended from a very respectable family in Ireland . 
and commenced his theatrical career (we beUeve) 
in Dundee, when the celebrated ' Old Bland ' was 
manager. Mr Bell was a very respectable per- 
former, an agreeable companion, and an honest 

Thomas Edward (1799) :— 
Each revolving year, 
Each hour of Life's short span, 
Damps the bige hopes, 
And points Mortality to Man. 

The following, said to have been at Cupar- 
Angus, is copied from the Dundee Magazine for 
1799,p. 221:- 

" Erected hy the deceast George Small, and hia 
mother Margaret Husband, and all her children, 
Except John" 



The only remaiuing portion of the ancient Ab- 
bey of Cupar stands at the south-west corner of 
the church-yard, and consists of an arched door- 
way flanked by buttresses. The remains of stone 
cofiins, mouldings, and monuments, are frequently 
found in the kirk-yard. About four years ago a 
mutilated slab was disinterred. It bore the fol- 
lowing inscription, which has been kindly com- 
municated by the Rev. Dr Stevenson : — 

CUPRO . QUI . OBIIT . A . D . M . 1) . VI. 

[Here lies a venerable father in God, John 
SciiANWEL, late of the Abbey of Cupar, who died 
A.D. 150G.] 

—According to the Rccj. Ep. Brechin., (i. 220), 
Thomas (?^ Schauvel was sub-prior of Cupar in 
1500, and is a witness to a deed by Abbot John 
Campbell regarding the lauds of lledgorton, dated 
Gth May of same year. 

Carved stones are to be seen in some old houses 
at Cupar ; and other bits are placed round the 
watch-house which stands near the middle of tlie 
burial-ground. As in most cases, this building 
was put up during the resurrection-mania. It 
bears the followiiig inscription : — 

1829 : Erected by Subscription of the Parish, 
supplemented by Measrs Jn. Storrier, Wm. Don, 
Wm. Hunter, Wm. Gellatly. 

Towards the close of the last century, when the 
old waulk, or fulling mill of Cupar-Angus was 
taken down a door lintel was discovered which 
bore representations of the objects mentioned 
below, also these names : — 

Andrew Chapman and Marget Tod, 

[The waulk-mill sheers, and the pressing brod.] 

A sayirig, embodied in the three lines which 
follow, had, possibly, at the time been illustrative 
of the characteristics of the places named, but 
when is not condescended upon. The first-named 
parish joins Cupar on the south, and the latter is 
upon the north side of the Isla : — 

Kettius for singin' j 
Cupar for riugin' ; 
Bendochy for preachin' .' 

The annexed wood-cut (from Memorials of 
Angus and the Mearns, in which there is an ac- 
count of the Abbey of Cupar), is part of the tomb 
to the Hays of Errol, referred to at p. 72, i>vfra. 





fpi HE church of Fethiressach and its chapel, the 
<*t latter of which stood at Cowie (siqn-a, p. 
53), are rated at 20 merks in the Old Taxatipn. 
Both places of worship belonged to St Andrews ; 
and in 1246, the kirk of Fethirassach was dedi- 
cated by BishoiJ David. 

In 1425, Bishop Wardlaw converted the church 
of Fetteresso into a prebend, and gave it and its 
pertinents to the royal chapel of S. Mary de riipe, 
or Kirkheugh, of St Andrews. 

The bell upon the church bears : — 


and the belfry is dated 1737. The church con- 
sisted of a nave, with an aisle upon the north 
side. Both are now roofless ; but the walls, which 
are clad with ivy, are pretty entire, and occupy a 
rising ground in the middle of the church-yard. 
Being situated upon the banks of the Carron, and 
close to the hamlet of the Kirktown, with its tile 
and heath-covered cottages, and surrounded by 
spreading trees, the locality is altogether one of 
much picturesque beauty. It ought to be stated 
that the preservation of the old kirk is due to the 
good taste of the late Lieut.-Col. Duff of Fet- 
teresso, who bought the fabric to prevent its being 

A skew-put stone bears . . 16 . A. F. ; and 
the date of 1720 is upon one of the lintels of the 
aisle. An arched door-lintel, cut from a single 
block of red sandstone, and the remains of a piscina 
(built up), are both objects of some antiquity and 
interest. A fragment of a grave-stone within 
and over the north-west door, presents these de- 
tached letters : — 
patr nnno 

A shield in the east wall, with the arms of 
Mowat and Rait (?) impaled, and boldly carved, 
along with the initials, I, M : A — , is a 17th cen- 
tury work. This may have been part of a tomb to 
the Mowats, who were at one time iu (Jlithnu. 

The following inscriptions are from monuments 
u-itlun the Old Kirk. The first is from a mutilated 
slab, in the area, and upon it is a shield charged 
with the Hay arms : — 


TO . THE . LAIRD . OF . WRY . 1610. 


— The Hays of Errol acquired Ury about 1413, 
from Fraser, thane of Cowie, of which thanedom 
Ury formed a portion. In 1648 Ury passed, by 
purchase, to Colonel Barclay (iii/ra, p. 82.) 

A marble slab, built into the south wall of the 
kirk, bears this inscription : — 

To the memory of theRevd John Ballantyne, late 
pastor of the United Secession Church, Stonehaven, 
who died Dec. 5th 1830, in the 51st year of his age, 
and 24th of his ministry. He was a man greatly 
distinguished for his intellectual endowments and 
religious worth ; exemplary for personal Godliness, 
and the diligent discharge of his official duties ; 
zealous in teaching the young to remember their 
Creator, and wise and condescending in the edifica- 
tion of all who were placed within the sphere of his 
usefulness. His body lies 10 feet to the north of 
this monument, erected by the members of his con- 
gregation and some others, who enjoyed his friend- 
ship, and admired his character. 

— Mr Ballautyne, who was a native of Kiughorn, 
in Fife, wrote An Examination of the Human 
Mind, &c. (r. "Recollections" of Mr Ballau- 
tyne, by the Rev. Dr Lougmuir. Abdn. 1862.) 

From a table-shaped stone (enclosed) within 
the area of the old kirk : — 

Under this stone are interred the mortal remains 
of Margaret Kemp, wife of George Thomson, 
minister of this parish. She died on the 4th day 
of June 1836, aged 56 years. And also the remains 
of the said George Thomson, who died on the 15th 
July 1862, in the 88th year of his age, and the 62d 
of his ministry, 

— Mr Thomson, who was a native of Grange, in 
Banffshire, left considerable means, the greater 
part of which he bequeathed to build and endow 
a church in the Glen of the Cowton. A church and 
manse have been erected in terms of Mr Thom- 
son's will ; and in August 1872, the Rev. Mr 



Keith was inducted to the charge, v/hich is known I 
by the name of Eickarton. 

Besides that of Rickartou, there is also a kirk at 
CooKNEY. It occupies an elevated position about 
a mile north of Muchals Castle. This church 
was built about 1816, siuce which time it has 
been much enlarged to accommodate an increasing 
population ; and the district was erected into a 
quoad sacra parish in 18—. A school adjoins the 
church, and the manse is a little tathe s.-west. 

The original church of Uookney stood near to 
Newhall. It was built about 17G0, and was called 
the Sod Kirk, in consequence of the walls and 
seats having been constructed of turf. According 
to tradition, the Sod Kirk was the grateful offer- 
ing of a seaman who was saved from a vessel 
which wag wrecked upon the neighbouring coast. 
Witliin an enclosure, in the north-east corner 
of the kirk of Fetteresso (surmounted by the Duif 
arms and motto, virtute et opera), two slabs 
are respectively inscribed : — 
" Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 
Robert William Duff, Esq. of Fetteresso, died 
22d March 1S34, a<:;ed 66 ; Mary Abercromby 
Duff of Glassaugh, his wife, died 6th Nov. 1833, 
aged 65. They were endeared to their family and 
friends by their benevolent dispositions, and genuine 
integrity of heart. This monument is erected in 
veneration of their memory, by their affectionate 
son, Robert Duff. The mortal remains of their 
eldest son and heir Robert Duff, Esqre. of Fet- 
teresso and Culter, repose beside those of his parents. 
He died aged 71, the 30th December mdccclxi, re- 
spected, lamented, regretted by all who knew him. 
George Duff died the 8th July 1793, aged two 
years. Erected by his parents in memory of this 
promising child. 

— Admiral Duff acquired Fetteresso about 1782. 
He married his relative, Helen, 4th daughterof the 
Earl of Fife, and dying in 1787, was succeeded 
by his son, the above-named R.-Wm., who wag 
Lieut.-Col.of the Forfarshire IMilitia. Lieut.-Col. 
Duff married the only child of George ]\Iorrisou, 
Esq. of Haddo, and by her, he succeeded to the 

estate of her grand-father. General Abercromby of 
Glassaugh. Their grand-son, M.P. for Banffshire, 
is now proprietor of Fetter&sso, &c. {ivfra, p. 17.) 
Admiral Duff and the lairds of Whitehills, Culter, 
and Hatton of Auchterless, were sous of Patrick 
Duff of Craigston, who had five children by his 
first, and twenty-one by bis second wife. 

Eour marble tablets, built into the south side 
of the north aisle, are respectively inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. -Colonel William 
PiICKARt-Hefburn of Rickarton, who died in Lon- 
don in 1807. And of Mrs Janet Rickart-Hep- 
EURN, his spouse, who died at Stonehaven, 2d Oct. 

Robert Rickart-Hepburn, Esquire of Rick- 
arton, died 17 August 1837, aged 39. 
In memory of Catherine Jane Hepburn, eldest 
daughter of RoJjert Rickart-Hepburn, Esquire of 
Rickarton, who died 7th May 1844, in the ISth 
year of her age ; and also of her sister Juliet, who 
died 22d July 1844, in the 15th year of her age. 
Malachi, iii. 17.] 

In memory of Robert William Rickart-Hep- 
burn, Esquire of Rickarton, Kincardineshire, who 
died at Rickarton on Wednesday 2Sth October 1857, 
in the 30th year of his age. [Matt. v. 7.] This 
tablet is erected by his widow. 
— Lieut. -Colonel W. R.-Hepburn was sometime 
]M.P. for Kincardineshire. He was the eldest 
son of Catherine, daughter and heiress of David 
Rickart of Rickarton, and of her husband, James 
Hepburn, of the Congalton family. The last 
laird, who died in 1857, was succeeded by an 
uncle. The first Rickart of Rickarton was de- 
scended from the Rickarts of Arnage in Ellon, 
v;ho were at one time merchants in Aberdeen. 
A tablet in north wall of same aisle bears : — 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Gordon of 
Newhall, who died 16th May 1849, aged 85 years ; 
and Margaret Leith, his wife, who died 3d May 
1845, aged 75 years. 
—Mr (iordou was the sou of a farmer in Gartly. 



He made money in Jamaica, and left an only- 
daughter, -who married the late Dr Thomson, a 
medical practitioner in Stonehaven. 

The next inscriptions are from monuments in 
various pai-ts of the Church-yard : — 


AKDROV . MIL . QVHA . DEPART ... OP . AGE . . 3 . . 

— The above is from the grave-stone of the wife 
of Mr A. Mill, senior. She died in 1610, and was 
the mother of the minister mentioned in the next 
inscription. His tombstone has been lately placed 
upon two stone rests. U]3on one of the rests are 
the words — " The grave of Mr Andrew Milne, 
minister of Fetteresso, 1605-40."— The following 
is upon the face of the stone : — 






IS . OBIIT . 12 . OCTOBRIS . DIE . ANNO . DOI . 1640 . 

.ffiTATIS . SV^ . ANNO . 58 . EA . FATIS . CESSIT . KAL . 

MARTII . ANNO . 1631 . uETATIS . 44 . AC . KATIIA- 





►J- TVA -^ 

M,A.M : K.^ : K.P : M.I.M : C.I. 


[Here lie a revered husband, and a faithful 
servant of God, Mr Andrew Milne, junior, for 
35 years minister of Fetteresso, and his beloved 
wife Katherine Erskine, a lady of honourable 
birth, with 18 of their children. He died 12th Oct. 
1640, in the 5Sth year of his age, and she on 1st 
March 1631, in her 44th year. Here also lies 
Katharine Farquharson, grand-mother of the 
foresaid minister. Weary of an unjust world I rest 
secure, having both learned and taught thy healing 
wounds, Oh Christ.] 

— Mr Milne, junior, succeeded his father in the 
church of Fetteresso. The latter began life as a 
teacher in Montrose, and was preceptor to James 
IMclvill, who describes him as "a lerned, lionest, 
kynd man .... vcric skilfull and diligent'' (Diary, 

p. 21.) Mr Milne was api^oiuted first to the 
church of Dunlappy, and afterwards to Dunottar 
and Fetteresso {sup7-a^ p. 49.) In consequence 
of the elder Milne's services to the Church, and 
owing to the smallness of the living at Fetteresso, 
" quhilk is not able to sustane him convenientlio 
as becometh," King James, in 1601, made a special 
grant to him of the third of the stipend of Cowie. 
Milne had much intercourse with Erskine of 
Dun ; and his son's wife may have been in some 
way related to that family. 

One tomb-stone, name defaced, is dated 1600. 
Upon another slab, of date 1668, these words only 
are traceable : — 

.... ANE WERTOVS woman IEAN GORDON .... 

From other two fragments : — 



FEB . ANNO . 10-2. 

From a flat stone : — 

Heir lyes ane godly and vpright man, Villiam 
Greig, sometyme in Elfhil, vho departed the 27 
yeir of his age, 23 Dec. 1648 : — 

And he come vho is Sharons fragrant rose, 
To give his angels charge to be his train ; 

This is throvgh Christ his sweit bed of repose, 
While from the dvst all flesh shall ryse again. 

A stone (upon which the Mowat and Harvey 
arms are impaled) bears : — 

Heir lyes a godly and provident man John 
MowAT, somtime in (jrhthno, who departed 6 of 
Ivlii 1655. IsoBEL Hervy, his vcrtvos spovs, who 
departed the 1 of Avgvst 1650. 

Near the above : — 

X Heir vnder lyeth in hope of a blessed resvrec- 
tione, the bodie of ane honcste man, David Mackie, 
vho dyed the j4 May 1068, late indvellar at the 
Milne of Covie, of age 40 yrs. ; and heir lyes his 
brother Robert Mackie, vho dyed 24 Novr. 1661, 
age 50 years. 

R.M:D.M: A.C. 
Ovr lyfe is shorte, and tis fvUe of sorrovc, 
Vere here today, and straight are gone tomorrove. 

Two tablets, within an enclosure at the east 
end of the old kirk, arc inscril)ed as follows ; — 




Burial jjlace of the Rev. John Hutcheon, min- 
ister of this parish for 37 years, died 27th Feb. 
1800, aged 67. Mary Morison, his wife, daughter 
of Provost James Morisoii of Elsick, died 11th Aug, 
1775, aged 32. David Hutcheon, advocate in 
Aberdeen, died 10th Dec. 1832, aged C7. Alex- 
ander, their eldest son, died in the Island of St 
Vincent, in the year 1812, aged 46. Mary, their 
second daughter, died 19th April 1704, aged 63. 
Also two sons, James and John, who died in infancy. 
This tablet was erected by Isodel, their only sur- 
viving daughter, relict of the Eev. William Paul, 
Professor of Natural Philosophy, King's College, 
Old Aberdeen, in memory of her beloved parents 
and their deceased children, who are aU buried here 
except the said Alexander. 

Sacred to the memory of Mary, daughter of 
Robert Farquhar, Esq. of Newhall, who died May 
1786, aged 23 years ; and of Hobert, son of Capt. 
Arthur Farquhar, RN., C.B., &c., who died 14th 
Sept. 1816, in the 5th year of his age ; and of Dr 
Peter Grant, sometime physician in Aberdeen, who 
died at Mansefield, 23d Feb. 1837, aged 76 years ; 
and of Amelia Farquhar, his spouse, who died at 
Mansefield, 1st Dec. 1838, aged 69 years. 

—The first Farquhar of Newhall was Robert, a 
merchant and stationer in Aberdeen, who married 
to his second wife the eldest daughter of Provost 
Morison of Aberdeen, laird of Elsick. The above- 
mentioned Mary and Capt. Arthur were by that 
marriage. The latter, who became a Rear- Ad- 
miral and K.C.B., died in 1843 ; and another son 
died a general officer in the East India Company's 

The next two inscriptions (the last of which 
is abridged) are from table-shaped stones (en- 
closed) : — 

Beneath this stone arc interred the remains of 
Alexander Silver of Balnagubs. Having ac- 
quired a moderate fortune abroad, he purcliascd tlie 
residence of his Ancestors, the place of his Birth, 
in this parish, and for many years after he lived to 
enjoy it, beloved, esteemed, and respected, as a 
husband, father, friend, and neighbour. He died 

30th December, 1791, aged eighty-two. Also his 
daughter Ann, who died 17th August 1784, in the 
fourteenth year of her age. 
Abridged : — 

GeorCxE Silver of Netherley, died 25th Sept. 
1840, aged 72 ; Jane Smith, his spouse, died 2d 
Dec, 1830, aged 59. [3 sons & 5 daughters, aged 
from 4 to 19 years, recorded dead, also] George, 
who died at Madeira, 7th April 1843, aged 35 ; 
John, Lieut. 2d Pi,egt. Bengal Fusiliers, died at 
Rangoon, 4th Nov. 1853, aged 30. James, died at 
Bath, 8th July 1870, aged 54 , also three of his 

— The estate of Netherley passed, by purchase, 
some years ago, from the Silvers to Horatio Ross, 
Esq., the celebrated deer-stalker. It now belongs 
to W. N, Forbes, Esq. of Dunottar. 

A head-stone lies below one of the monuments 
above-noticed. It presents some ornamental car- 
vings, amongst which is a shield charged with a 
pair of compasses and a square. It has reference to 
the parents of the first Silver of Netherley, and is 
thus inscribed : — 

Here under lyeth Agnes Silver, spouse to John 
Silver, wright at Maryculter, who departed the 8th 
of Feb. 1721, and of her age 35. 
From a monument (enclosed), near west gate : — 

Here lie intei-red the remains of Dr William 
NicoL, who died at Stonehaven, 25tli Nov. 1827, 
aged 62 years. Also of his fifth daughter, Grace, 
who died 18th March 1811, aged 20 months. 

— Dr Nicol, who was the son of a local farmer, 
and a medical practitioner in Stonehaven, mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Mr Dyce of Baden toy, 
in Bauchory-Devenick, a merchant and burgess 
of Aberdeen. Dr Nicol had six daughters, all of 
whom married opulent merchants, and an only 
son, James-Dyce, The latter, who entered a 
mercantile house in India when little over four- 
teen years of age, made a fortune abroad. On 
returning home, he added Ballogie and others to 
his paternal estate ; and represented his native 
county in Parliament from 18G4, until his death 
in 1872. He was buried in the church-yard of 
Birse, in which parish his residence and property 
of Ballogie arc situated. 



Wm. Cruickshank, tenant, Mountboys, d. 1795, 
a. 74 .— 

"He was admitted an Elder of this parish in 1754, 
the duties of which he discharged with great in- 
tegrity till his death. A consummation devoutly 
to be wished for by every good man was, by the 
kindness of Providence, appointed for him. On hia 
way home from church he was instantly translated, 
without a groan, from earth to heaven. " 

Donald Christie, d. 1813, a. S3 ; his wf. Jean 
Cameron in 1809, a. 79 : — 

" They lived happy in the fear of the Three onk 
Dhia mor prisdl ; and, as time passed on, their hope 
in the Branch grew strong." &c. 

In memory of William Monctjr, late sergeant 
in the 71st Regiment of Foot, who, after suffering 
the fatigue and calamity of war, viz., in Spain and 
at Waterloo, died in peace at Toadstack, in Fetter, 
esso, the 24th Oct. 1816, aged 32 years :— 

Fix'd is the term to all the race on Earth, 

And such is the condition of our Birth ; 

No force can death resist, no flight can save. 

All fall alike, the fearful and the brave ; 

Live to the Lord, that thou may'st die so too, 

To live and die is all ye have to do. 

From a head-stone : — 

In memoriam : Robert Dutiiie, late baker in 
Stonehaven, who died 8th May 1847, aged 49 years. 
Robert, eldest son of the above, died 4th January 
1865, aged 39 years. 

— The last-mentioned in the above inscription 
contributed several articles in prose and verse to 
local periodicals and newspapers. A volume of 
his poetry, prefaced by a Alemoir of his life, 
appeared some time after his death. He left a 
collection of MSS. on local history, which was 
diposed of by his widow. 

Robert Christie, Skaterow, d. 1856, a. 31 : — 
Paiu was my portion, physic was my food. 
Sighs was my devotion. Drugs did me no good ; 
Till Christ my Redeemer, who knows what is 

To ease me of my pain, has taken me to his rest. 

Jas. Robertson, d. at Futteresso, 1863, a. 63 :— 
Tlmt James had failings must be confcss'd, 
But he had virtues by few posscss'd. 

1844 : Here are interred the remains of Thomas 
Tait, who, after discharging with faithful assiduity 
for upwards of half a century the duties of a teacher 
at Gateside of Muchalls, died there 21st May 1837, 
aged 86. This stone is erected to his memory by 
some of the many persons, who gratefully remem- 
ber the benefits conferred by his tuition in the days 
of their youth. Euphemia Mearns, his wife, died 
21st Dec IS-S, aged 81. 

In memory of Alexander Fielding, late ser- 
geant-major, Sappers and Miners, H.E.I.C.S., a 
native of Stonehaven, who, after serving with dis- 
tinction at Delhi, and other seiges and battles, 
during the mutiny in India, died from sunstroke 
at Bareilly, 25th May 1858, aged 31 years. Erected 
by his widow. 

It was about 1813 that the old kirk of Fetter- 
esso was disused, and a new place of worship 
erected. The present church stands about a mile 
to the east of the old one, and within the lobby 
are two marble tablets inscribed as follows : — 


Sacred to the memory of John Lumsden, Esq. of 
Blairmonmonth, whose remains are interred in the 
burying-ground of his relatives, church-yard of Fet- 
eresso. He died 1799, aged 84. 
—Blairmonmonth, now Blairmormoud, or Know- 
sie, is at the foot of the hill of Mormoud, in 
Buchau, Aberdeenshire. 

To the memory of Captain William Gavin, a 
native of this parish, who was born Nov. 14, 1736, 
and died Dec. 1, 1792. This monument is erected 
by desire of his affectionate wife, Margaret 
Garioch, of the family of Mergie, who, having 
survived him fifteen years, was buried by his side 
in the church-yard of Fetteresso. As a Soldier, he 
had the merit of raising liimself from a Private 
station to the rank of Captain in the 51st Regiment 
of Foot, in which he continued to enjoy the esteem 
and respect of all who knew him — a steady, brave, 
and experienced officer : As a Man, he was possessed 
of a most enlightened mind, strictly honourable and 
benevolent ; of a Disposition so mild, inoffensive, 
and amiable, that he was generally beloved while 
living, and regretted when he died. 



— The Gariochs of Mergie were a branch of those 
of Kinstair, in Alford. They were followers of 
tha Stuarts, and " Alex. Garrioch, Ensign," was 
among the prisoners that were brought to Stirhng 
Castle on 14th November 1715. 


is situated in Tie Hotvff Park, upon one of the 
most elevated spots on the estate. It is sur- 
rounded by a stone dyke and some trees, and hag 
much the appearance of a place of worship. 

The Friends, or Quakers, occasionally met in 
it, and some of them, although not Barclays, are 
interred there. The vault was added to by the 
first Baird of Ury, so that what was originally 
the outer and north wall, now separates the old 
part, where the Barclays lie, from that of their 

Capt. Barclay (infra, p. 88), was the last of bis 
name who possessed Ury. He married Mary 
Dalgarno, by whom he had two daughters. One 
of them attained woman-hood, and married first 
Mr Samuel Ritchie, secondly Mr James Tanner. 
She had three sons and one daughter by her first, 
and one daughter by her second husband. On 
12th Jan. 1859, Mrs Tanner was served " nearest 
and lawful heir in general" to her father ; and in 
18G9 she resumed her family name of Barclay- 
Allardice. In 1870, she claimed the Peerage of 
Strathern, Mouteith, and Airth, before the House 
of Lords — a claim which was previously made by 
her father as heir to these Earldoms, through his 
mother {v. Sir H. Nicolas' Histoi-y of the Earl- 
doms of Strathern, &c., Lond. 1812.) 

As above stated, the northern portion of The 
Uowff is set apart for the Bairds. Alexander 
Baiud, Esq., of the Gartsherric family, who 
bought Ury in 1854 for about £120,000, died at 
London in 18G2. He erected the present man- 
sion-house of Ury, and was succeeded by his 
brother John Baiud, Esq., who died at Naples 
in 1870. Both brothers wei'e interred in The 
Hoirjf at Ury ; and the last-mentioned was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son. 

A tablet over the entrance to the Barclay por- 
tion of "the aisle, bears this inscription : — 

Auno 1741 couditum auspicio Roberti Barclay de 
Ury, sumptibus autem fratris sui, Davidis Barclay, 
mercatoris Londononsis, ad majorum cineres tegeu- 
dos, nenipe Avi, Colonelli Davidis Barclay de Ury, 
filii et hasredis Davidis Barclay de Matheris ; Patris, 
Roberti Barclay de Ury, Apologite Auctoris ; nee 
noil Matris, lectissimaj ob vitaj sanctimoniam et 
raram boneficeutiam qua miseris et regris quotidie 
opitulabatur. Exemplum lueidum posteris iudica- 
tum est moribus ; ingenio, candore, et sanguine 
clari, cultores verai religionis erant. 

[Built in the year 1741, under the auspices of 
Robert Barclay of Ury, but at the expense of hia 
brother, David Barclay, merchant in London, to 
cover the ashes of hia ancestors ; viz., of his Grand- 
father, Colonel David Barclay of Ury, son and 
heir of David Barclay of Mathers ; of his Father 
Robert Barclay of Ury, author of the Apology ; 
and also of his Mother, pre-eminent for holiness 
of life, and for the rare benelicence displayed by her 
in the daily relief of suffering and sickness. In 
their lives a bright example was set to posterity, 
and they were distinguished by their intelligence, 
their candour, their lineage ; and also for their 
sincere practical piety.] 

— D. Barclay, the erector of the aisle (second son 
of the Apologist), entertained successively Queen 
Anne and the first three Georges, when they 
visited the city on Lord Mayor's day. From his 
second son Alexander, by his first marriage, is 
descended Arthur-K. Barclay of Bury Hill, Esq., 
Surrey, who claims (Burke's Landed Gentry) to 
be the male representative, and chief of the old 
house of Mathers and Ury. 

The best account of the BarcLays is given by 
Nisbet (Heraldry, Appx., vol. ii., pp. 236-41.) 
The first inscription, quoted below, is from a free- 
stone monument within The Ilorcff, at Ury : — 

(1.) Theobald de Berkeley, born A.D. 1110, 
lived in the time of Alexander the First and David 
the First, Kings of Scotland. (2.) Humphrey, hia 
son, cousin of Walter de Berkeley, Great Chamber- 
lain of the Kingdom, became owner of a large 
domain in thia county, and from the lands of Bal, 



feith, Monboddo, Glenfarquhar, aud other portions 
of it, granted to the monks of Aberbrothwick, 
donations that were confirnaed by William the Lion. 
(3.) PiiCHENDA, his only child, renewed and made 
additions to these donations, aud her grants were 
coufii-med by K. Alexander the Second. (4.) 
Dying without issue, she was succeeded by Johk 
DE Berkeley, brother of Humphrey, who dis- 
possessed the monks of all these donations, but 
was obliged to compromise and give them instead, 
a portion of his lauds of Conveth, aud that trans- 
action was contirmed by K. Alexander the Second. 
(5.) Robert DE Berkeley, son of John, had con- 
curred in his father's compromise with the monks. 
(6. ) Hugh de Berkeley, son of Robert, obtained 
from King Robert Bruce a charter over the lands 
of Westerton in Conveth. (7.) Alexander de 
Berkeley, son and successor of Hugh, married 
Catherine, sister of William de Keith, Marischal of 
Scotland, A.D. 1351, and by that marriage added 
to the paternal estates the then extensive domain 
of Mathers, conveyed by charter from the Marischal 
confirmed by King David Bruce. (8.) David de 
Berkeley, 2d of Mathers, married the daughter 
of John de Seton. (9.) His son, ALEX-iNDER de 
Berkeley, 3d of Mathers, married Helen, daughter 
of Grahame of Morphie. (10.) Their son, David 
de Berkeley, 4th of Mathers, who built an im- 
pregnable castle called the Kaim of Mathers, and, 
according to tradition, there took refuge on account 
of his concern in the murder of Melville, the 
Sheriff;* married the daughter of Strachan of 
Thornton. (11.) His son, Alexander, 5th of 
^Mathers, married the daughter of Wishart of Pit- 
arow ; he changed the spelling of the family name 
to Ba)-daj. (12.) His son, David Barclay, 6th 
of Mathers, married Janet, daughter -of Irvine of 
Drum. ( 13. ) Alexander Barclay, 7th of ^tlathers, 
son of David, married the daughter of Auchiuleck 
of Glenbervie ; and, anno 1497, sold the lands of 
Slains and Falside to Moncur of Knapp. (14.) 
George B.\rclay, 8th of Mathers, his son, married 
the daugh^r of Sir James Auchterlony, of Auch- 
terlony and* Kelly. (15. ) His son, David Barclay, 
9th of ]\Iathers, mariied, first, the daughter of Rait 
of Hallgreen, by wliom he had a son, George ; and 
second, Catherine Home, and to John, his son by 
her, he gave the lauds of Johnston. (16.) George 
B.VRCLAY, 10th of JNIathers, elder son of David, 
* V. above, p. 14. 

married first, the daughter of Sir Thomas Erskine 
of Brechin, Secretary to James V. of Scotland ; 
second, the daughter of Wood of Bonuington, to 
his son by her he gave the lands of Bridgeton and 
Jackston. (17. ) Thomas Barclay, 1 1th of Mathei's, 
elder son of George, married the dai;ghter of Straiten 
of Lauriston. (18.) David Barclay, 12th of 
Mathers, son of Thomas, was born anno 1580. 
Polite and accomplished, he lived much at Court, 
incurring extravagant expenses, to the great im- 
pairment of his fortune, wherebj^ he was obliged to 
sell five valuable estates ; he married first, Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Livingston of Dunnipace, by 
whom he had five sons and a daughter ; second, 
Margaret Keith, grand- daughter of Earl Marischal. 
To his daughter he gave a handsome fortune, to 
his sous a liberal education ; the two eldest died 
young. David, the third, became eminently con- 
spicuous ; Robert, the fourth, was rector of the 
Scots College at Paris ; James, the youngest, a 
Captain of Horse, fell gloriously at the Battle of 
PhiUiphaugh. (19.) Colonel David Barclay, the 
first of Ury, third son of David 12th of INIathers, 
was born anno 1610, at Kirktonhill, the ancient seat 
of the family. Instructed in every accomplishment 
of the age, he entered as a volunteer the service of 
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, in which he so dis- 
tinguished himself as to gain the favour of that 
Monarch ; but called home by the Civil Wars which 
distracted Scotland, he was, anno 1646, placed in 
the Colonelcy of a Royal Regiment of Horse, aud 
was repeatedly entrusted with the command of an 
army, and the military government of considerable 
portions of the kingdom, in all which positions he 
acquitted himself with skill and bravery, and ren- 
dered important service to his country. In 1647, 
he married Catherine, daughter of Sir Robert Gor- 
don of Gordonston, who was second sou of the Earl 
of Sutherland by Jane, daughter of the Marquis 
of Huntly, and was also cousin to King James the 
Sixth of Scotland. The estates of the Barclays of 
Mathers having been nearly all disposed of by his 
father, the Colonel acquired, by purchase from Earl 
Marischal, the barony of Ury, aud there fixed the 
residence of the family. He sat in the Scots Par- 
liament as representative successively for Suther- 
landshire aud the counties of Angus and Mearus. 
See his gravestone adjacent hereto. 

Six separate tablets are inserted into uiches iu 




the west -wall of the aisle, from which the fol- 
lowing inscriptions are copied: — 


The grave of Colonel David Barclay of Urie, 
son and heir of David Barclay of Mathers, and 
Elizabeth, daughter of Livingston of Dimipace. 
He was born Anno 1610 ; bought the barony of 
Urie, 1648 ; having religiously abdicated the 
world in 1666, he joyned the Quakers, and died 
12 of October 1686. 

— Col. B. was the first of his family that joined 
the Quakers. He became farmer, but had little 
knowledge of agricultural affairs ; and being a per- 
son of great bodily strength, it is recorded tliat 
he often had recourse to it, and effectively, not 
only to enforce obedience from servants, but to 
protect the rights of property from the incursions 
of his neighbours. The Livingstons of Dunipace 
were descended from a second son of Sir Alexander 
of Calendar, ancestor of the Earls of Linlithgow. 

The Grave of Kobert Barclay of Urie, Author 
of the Apologie for the Quakers, son and heir of 
Colonel David Bai'clay of Urie, and Katherin, 
daughter of the first Sir Eobert Gordon of Gordon- 
ston. He was born Dec'J'' 23, 1648, and died Oct^'' 
3, 1690. Also, of his wife, Christian, daughter 
of Gilbert MoUison, merchant in Aberdeen. She 
was born, anno 1647, and died Febry 14, 1723. 
— Mr Barclay was born at Gordonston, near 
Elgin, the seat of his grand-father. The Gordons 
of Gordonston are descended from Sir James, 4th 
son of the 2d Earl of Iluntly, by his wife Anna- 
bella, daughter of James I. 
The Grave of Robert Barclay of Ury, son and 
heir of Robert Barclay of Ury, and of Christian, 
daughter of Gilbert MoUeson, merchant in Aber- 
deen, and eldest son of Thomas Molleson, of 
LauchintuUy. He was born March yo 25th 1672, 
and died March the 27th 1747. 
— The estate of LauchintuUy is in the parish of 
Kemnay, and Thomas Mollison was long town- 
clerk of Aberdeen. During Montrose's wars, 
Gilbert Mollysone and several other citizens were 
detained for a short time by the Covenanters 

" vnder guard as prisoners in the lauch counsell 
hous" of Aberdeen. The following relates to 
Robert, suruamed the Strong {v. No. 7 below) : — 
The grave of Robert Barclay of Ury, son and 
heir of Kobert Barclay of Ury, and Elizabeth 
O'Brian, daughter of James O'Brian, Esq., of 
London, and son of Colonel O'Brian of the King- 
dom of Ireland. He was grandson to Eobert 
Barclay of Ury, Author of the Apology for the 
Quakers ; was born 20th July 1699,. and died 10th 
October 1760. 

— The above Robert, who was of a turbulent 
and quarrelsome disposition, was fond of travel- 
ling through the country incognito. When on 
one of these excursions, it is told that he arrived 
at Panmure on a dark winter's morning, and going 
straightway to the brewhouse, the brewer, who 
was an Englishman, and taking Barclay for an 
itinerant mender of old brass, exclaimed — " You 
are well come tinker, for my Lord's kettle re- 
quires mending." "What say est thou, fellow ?" 
said Barclay in a rage ; and, with a cudgel which 
he had in his hand, he struck the brewer over the 
leg and thigh, and broke both bones. When Earl 
William of Panmure heard of the occurrence, and 
guessing it to be Barclay, his Lordship traced him 
to the House of Fothringham, and there made 
him sign an obligation which secured the brewer 
in a small pension from the estate of Ury, which 
he lived long to enjoy. 

The grave of Une Cameron, wife of Robert 
Barclay of Ury, and daughter of Sir Evan Cameron 
of Lochiel." She was born March 1701, and died 
March 1762. Also of Jane Barclay, her daughter, 
who was born in 1726, and died August 1750. 

—According to tradition, the Camerons of Lochiel 
are descended from a younger son of the royal 
family of Denmark, who assisted at the restora- 
tion of King Fergus of Scotland in 404 ! It is 
certain that the Camerons had possessions in 
Lochaber, and were a powerful clan before the 
time of James L The above named Sir Evan 
Cameron joined the Royalists at Killiecrauky, and 
was thrice married, his last wife being Jane, 



daughter of Barclay of Urie, so that his daughter 
Une married her cousin german. 

The grave of Anne Barclay, the eldest daughter 
of Robert Barclay of Ury, great-grandson of Robert 
Barclay of Ury, Author of the Apology for the 
Quakers ; and Sarah Anne Allardice of Allardice, 
daughter and heiress of James Allardice of Allar- 
dice. She was born 13 September 1777, and died 
29th October 1782. 

— Sarah Anne Allardice, who brought the estate 
of Allardice to the Barclays of Ury, was the 
grand-daughter of Lady Mary Graham, a lineal 
descendant of King Robert II. of Scotland, and 
heiress of line of the Earls of Airth and Monteith. 
Until the above failui-e of the male line, the 
Allardices appear to have been regularly repre- 
sented, and to have held the lands from which 
they assumed their surname, from the time of 
King William the Lion. 

On the east wall of the aisle four monuments 
bear respectively the inscriptions undernoted :— 

To the memory of Robert Barclay of Allardice, 
Esquire, 5th of Ury, ^r eat -grandson of the Apologist, 
who was born at Ury in 1731 ; and having acquired 
by marriage the estate of Allardice, thereupon as- 
sumed that additional surname. Inheriting from 
his father, Robert the Strong, symmetry of form and 
great muscular power, he excelled in aU the athletic 
exercises, Succeeding to Ury on his father's death, 
in 1760, while it was yet in the rudest condition, 
he zealously devoted towards its improvement the 
energies of a vigorous mind, stored with a thorough 
knowledge of agriculture, attained by assiduous 
study of its theory and practice, in the best districts 
of England. Accordingly, he brought into high 
cultivation 2000 arable acres, planted 1500 acres of 
wood, and executed the manifold operations con- 
nected with such works, in a manner so unexampled 
and successful, that his practice became the con- 
ventional standard over an extensive district, and 
placed him m the foremost rank among Scottish 
agriculturists. By the grant of feu-rights on his 
estate of Arduthie, he laid the foundation of the 
New Town of Stonehaven, and lived to see it be- 
come a populous and thriving community. By un- 
animous election, he represented his native county 

in three successive Parliaments. Distinguished by 
his loyalty and patriotism, and honoured with the 
intimate friendship of the great Wdliam Pitt, and 
other eminent statesmen of the time, he died at 
Ury, the 7th of April, 1797. 

— Mr B. wrote an interesting paper for " Archseo- 
logica Scotioa" (vol. 1) on Agricola's engagement 
with the Caledonians under Galgacus, in which 
he gives grounds for believing that a great battle 
(possibly that of Mons Grampius), was decided at 
Kempstone Hill, near Arduthie. 

To the memory of Une-Cameron, wife of John 
Irmes, Esquire of Cowie, M'ho was born in 1778, 
and died at Cowie in September 1809. Mary, 
bom in 1780, who died in 1799. James Allardice, 
born in 1784, who died in the Island of Ceylon in 
1803. David, Major in the 28th Regiment of Foot, 
who was born in 1786, and died at Otranto, in Italy, 
in 1826. Rodney, born in 1782, who died in 1853, 
all children of Robert Barclay AUardice, Esquire of 
Ury, and Sarah-Anne Allardice of AUardice, heiress 
of line of the Earls of Airth and Monteith. 
— The above John Innes was the eldest son of 
the first Innes of Cowie and Breda, by a daughter 
of Davidson of Newton, who was a merchant, and 
sometime Provost of Aberdeen. Mr I.'s father, 
who died in 1788, was commissary of Aberdeen, 
and 2d son of Innes of Edingicht. His youngest 
son, William, bought Raemoir about 1820 ; and 
Cowie now belongs to the Raemoir branch of the 

The following inscription, which is cut upon a 
tablet of white marble, inserted into a black 
marble panel, presents an incorrect carving of 
the Barclay arms, accompanied by those of Airth 
and Monteith: — 


In memory of Robert Barclay Allardice, 
Esquire of Ury and Allardice, heir of line of the 
Earls of Airth and Monteith, born August 25th 
1779, died on the 1st of May 1854, in the 75th 
year of his age. 

[Upon a slab, which covers the grave] :— 

Robert Barclay Allardice, of Ury and Allar- 
dice, born 25th August 1779, died 1st May 1854. 
— Robert Barclay-AUardice, to whom the last 



two inscriptions refer, was a Captain in the Army. 
In early life be was celebrated for pedestrian and 
athletic feats ; latterly he acquired fame as an 
improving agriculturist. His Essay on Training 
Pedestrians, &c. (published along with Thom's 
account of Barclay's great feat of walkiog 1000 
miles in 1000 hours), is now a much more rare and 
original j^iece of writing than that of his Tour to 
the U.S. and U. Canada, which he undertook in 
1841. Captain Barclay was one of the last ex- 
amples in the district of " the fine old country 
gentleman." He was remarkable for unostenta- 
tious kindness and warmth of heart ; and, in con- 
cluding a genial notice of his career, the author of 
" Field and Fern" justly remarks that, " at home, 
his habits were very quiet and simple. He was 
always ready with his subscription for any good 
object, and every Monday 20 or 30 people would 
be waiting for him about the front door after 
breakfast for their sixpences, of which he carried 
a supply in his waistcoat pocket. On New Year's- 
day he had always his friends to dinner, and he 
sat obscured to the chin behind the round of beef 

which two men brought in on a trencher 

For sometime before his death he had suffered 
slightly from paralysis, but a kick from a pony 
produced a crisis, and two days after, when they 
went to awake him on the May morning of '54, 
he was found dead in bed." Like many other 
human beings, he found a faithful companion 
in one of the kindliest of the lower animals. It 
predeceased him, he had it buried in the old 
garden, and placed a stone in the wall beside 
its grave with this inscription : — 

To the memory of Dan, the faithful companion 
of R. Barclay Allardice, Esq. of Uiy f^. sixteen 
years. Died 5th Feb. 184G, aged 17. A favourite 

Both civilly and ecclesiastically, the district of 
Kolly, or Cowie, was of early importance. The 
forest, which stretched almost from the Dee, to 
the sea at Cowie, was royal hunting ground ; and 
the castle, which stood upon a headland near the 
kirk of Cowie, where the green mound, formed 
by the debris of the ruins, still remains, was an 

occasional residence of our kings long before there 
was a castle upon the noble rock of Dunottar, or, 
possibly, before there was a harbour at "the 
Slanehythe,'^ or Stonehaven. Subsequently, when 
the thanedom of Cowie was given away by the 
Crown, the Frasers continued to have their prin- 
cipal residence at Cowie ; and one of them had a 
royal charter by which the town of Cowie was 
erected into a burgh of barony. 

It is also worthy of note that a great part of 
the road through " the Cowie Mouuth," between 
Stonehaven and Aberdeen, lies in this parish. 
Although traversed now a-days by an excellent 
turnpike, it had, for many ages, consisted of dan- 
gerous swamps and gullys ; and from the fact of 
these being filled up with native boulders, and a 
track of road thus formed, it acquired the well- 
known name of the Causey Moss, or Causey Month. 
It is interesting to know that in these old times, 
there were worthy benefactors of their race, 
some of whom, by gifts or mortifications of money, 
gave needful aid towards the suj^port of this great 
thoroughfare. Among others, was Paul Crab, 
who, in 1384, mortified a sum of money out of 
his lands of Kincorth, in Nigg, to assist in its 
support and maintenance. The road terminated 
at Kincorth, where there was a ferry boat, by 
which passengers and goods were carried across 
the Dee. To the readers of Sir W. Scott's 
works, the Causey 3Ioss, which, even yet, has a 
bleak and uninviting aspect, will be familiar under 
the name of " the muir of Drumwhackit." 

The Castle of Muchals, about four miles north 
and east of Stonehaven, is, however, a pleasing 
object for the student of bygone times, it being an 
interesting specimen of the architecture of the 
17th century. The ceiling of the large hall is orna- 
mented (as that of Glamis) with pargetted plaster- 
work, containing the heads of Roman Emperors, 
and classical heroes of antiquity, &c. ; also this 
admonitory legend : — 


On the left of the building, a slab, with an in- 
scription, in beautifully interlaced letters, puts 
the history of the building past all doubt : — 

THIS . WOllK . BEGYN . ON . THE . EAST . & . 



^ORTH . BE . ALR . BVRNET . OF . LEYLS . 1619 : 
HIS . SONNE . 1627. 

— Further evidence of its history is given over a 
chimney in the interior, upon which is the date of 
162'i, Sir Thomas' monogram, and this motto :— 


The lands of Muchals were part of the exten- 
sive barony of Cowie, which Sir Alex. Fraser ob- 
tained from The Bruce. They belonged to the 
Hays of Errol before the Buruets acquired them. 
More recently, Silver of Netherley possessed the 
lands and castle, which now belong to the trustees 
of the late Dr Milne of Madras, and are a part of 
the property from which certain of the school- 
masters in Aberdeenshire receive well-merited 
augmentations to their livings. An excellent 
view of Muchals Castle is given in Billings. Pos- 
sibly from the umbrageous and rocky nature of 
the burn of Muchals, it may have been of old the 
haunt of badgers or wild boars, as the Gaelic 
words Muich-alt favour some such meaning. 

Not far from Muchals stands a neat Episcopal 
church, dedicated to S. Ternan. 

Pathick Panter, of the Newmanswalls family, 
secretary to James IV., was sometime rector of 
the kirk of Fetteresso, as was also Alex. Gordon, 
a son of Gordon of Haddo, who succeeded Bishop 
Elphinstone in the See of Aberdeen. 

Andrew Steven, or Stevenson, who was 
schoolmaster at Fetteresso in 1634, wrote a life 
of Bishop Forbes of Edinburgh in Latin verse, 
published in the Spottiswoode Miscellany. 

The Kev. Dr Longmuir of Aberdeen, a native 
of Fetteresso, is a voluminous writer ; and among 
other publications, is the author of a ■guide book 
to Dunottar Castle, &c. 

The New Town of Stonehaven was founded 
about 1760, by Kobert, the 5th Barclay of Ury, 
who, shortly before, purchased the property of 
Arduthie, upon which the new town is built. It 
is a well planned, clean, salubrious place, and a 
favourite resort for sea bathing. The town con- 
tains some nice houses, churches, and banks, and 
has a population of about 3000. The present 
parish church, erected in 1813, stands to the 

north-west of the town, and in point of elegance 
outstrips most of our landward churches. The 
walks in the neighbourhood are numerous and 
picturesque ; and there is a chalybeate spring on 
the south bank of the Cowie, almost under the 
railway viaduct. It has an elegant fountain, of 
Peterhead granite, above which a tablet is thus 
inscribed : — 

ST kieran's well. 


— There were two SS. Kteran, the one was a 
bishop, the other an abbot of Ireland ; the feast 
of the one is held on 5th March, the other on 9th 
September. It may be added that S. Serenus, 
Caranus, or Caiian (the patron of Fetteresso), 
under the name of Corinnu, is said to have died 
amongthe Picts. — (LiberdeArbuthnot,p.lxxxiv.) 


Jtfl'HE kirk of Gameryn was gifted to the Abbey 
^ of Arbroath byAVilliam theLion in 1189-98, 
and was subsequently confirmed to it, along with 
the chapel of Troup. In 1250, the whole of the 
church property, with the tithes of the parish, 
were reserved to Arbroath, the vicar only re- 
ceiving the altarage and two acres of land. 

The old church, which is difficult of access, was 
used until 1830, when a new house was erected at 
a more convenient spot. The old church is quite 
a ruin, partly roofed, and picturesquely situated 
upon a kaim, or slope, overlooking the sea, at the 
mosc precipitous and crooked part of the coast, 
in the vicinity of hills or knolls, remarkable for 
their pointed or peaked appearance. As Cam- 
ruie in Gaelic means the "pointed kame or slope," 
possibly the church may have had its name from 
the physical appearance of the locality in which it 
is situated. 

The east half appears to be the most ancient 
part of the ruin, the west having been added at a 
comparatively late date, possibly during the last 



century, when the walls of the east portion may 
have been heightened. Although, according to 
an inscription cut in characters of the 18th cen- 
tury over the lintel of the west window : — 


it is more probable that the oldest existing portion 
had been built much about the time that the 
Barclay monument (noticed below) had been 
erected. There is an awmbry, with fluted mould- 
ings, on the east wall. Another on the north 
wall, as well as an awmbry or press on the south, 
have plain lintels. 

Three round holes, each about the size of a 
human skull, in the more modern part of the 
north wall, are said to be the places where the 
skulls of three Danish kings were once preserved. 
These unfortunate foreigners are said to have been 
killed in an engagement which local story avers 
took place at Gamrie between the Danes and 
Scots in the time of Malcolm I., to which circum- 
stance also is popularly attributed the origin of 
the name of the parish. 

A monument of some pretensions in design, 
and beauty in execution, built into the east wall 
of the church, bears this inscription : — 

patrtcius . bVlag . Z . f)oc . me . firve . fecit. 
f)ie . inret . Ijonorabilis . tie . patricius . barclag . 
ins . tic . tollg . qui . obiit iti . mrius 
aito . iiti . m"^ . q'"" ct . ioneta . ogiug . etus . 
sponea . quae . obiit . cnta . iie . menrs . iamtarti . 
ano . 5m . m" . qbi"^ . qualirnse'' . septimo. 

[Here lie an honourable man Patrick Barclay, 
laird of Tolly, who died on the day of 
anno Domini 15 ; and Janet Ogilvy, his spouse, 
who died Januaiy 6, 1547.] 

— The Barclays of Tolly or Towie early possessed 
lands in Gamrie, having held those of Melros 
towards the close of the 14th century, possibly 
also those of CoUane and others at the same time. 
It was in the Castle of CuUen, in Gamrie, that 
William Barclay, an eminent scholar and father 
of the author of the Argenis, was born in 1541 ; 
and it was a descendent of those scholars who be- 
came a field- marshal in the Russian army, and 
figured during the wars of Napoleon. It seems 
doubtful (whatever may be averred to the con- 

trary) whether the Barclays had any connection 
with Tolly or Towie until the time of Robert the 
Bruce, who gave a charter of these lands to Walter 
Barclay of Ktrko, knight. It is certain that Sir 
Walter of Kyrko followed Bruce, and suffered in 
his cause, for in 1305, when King Edward made 
his last attempt upon Scotland, Barclay's lands 
were among those which the English king was 
petitioned to give to his follower Gilbert Peach. 
Barclay was subsequently accused of treason, but 
acquitted, along with Hamelinus de Troupe, 
the latter of whom was possibly a vassal of the 
old lords of the lands from which the surname 
was assumed. 

The Barclays appear to have held Tolly until 
the failure of the male line, which took place dur- 
ing the early part of the 17th century, when 
Isabella, heiress of TuUie, married Charles, 2d 
son of the 6 th Earl of Lauderdale. The date of 
Patrick Barclay's death has not been filled in 
upon the above monument. His wife had possibly 
(though not mentioned in peerage books) been 
a daughter of Ogilvy of Findlater. Some in- 
teresting notices of the Barclays of Towie will be 
found in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials of Scotland. 
Probably the Tolly race was a branch of the 
Berkeleys of luverkeillor, afterwards of Mathers 
and Ury. (v. p. 81.) 

A stone with a bold carving of the Keith arms, 
with a boar's head in base, the initials A. K., and 
motto, victoria limes, is thus inscribed round 
the margin : — 

Heir lyis the rycht lionorabil Alexander Keyth 
of Trvp, depairtit yis lyf the xxv of Marche 1G05. 
— The first Keith of Troup was Sir Robert the 
Marischal,'who married the heiress, and granted 
a charter of that barony to his second son John 
in 1413. This John was progenitor of the Keiths 
of Northfield, one of whom was served heir to the 
barony of Troup, &c., 1628. George Keith of 
Northfield was served heir to Sir Robert the 
Marischal in 1782. A mutilated stone, also within 
the old kirk, bears : — 

Heir et Cvminc his spovs, qvho .... 

September 1G95 zeirs. 

Another slab has this simple motto : — 



Bessy Strachan, and Mrs Bathia Forbes, ladies 
of Troup, .1781. 

— According to Burke, Major Garden, son of the 
last Garden of Banchory, entered the service of 
Gustavus of Sweden, and returning to Scotland 
in 1654, bought the lands of Troup, and married 
Betty, a daughter of Strachan of Glenkindie. 
By her he had a son, Alexander, who married 
Bathia, a daughter of Sir Alex. Forbes of Cragie- 
var. The same authority shows that these last- 
named were the grand-parents of Francis, Lord 
Gardenston, a well-known judge in the Court 
of Session, and founder of the village of Laurence- 
kirk, iu the Mearns. The elegant frame of a 
monument only remains, which was raised in the 
old kirk of Gamrie to the late Lord Garden- 
stone, who died in 1793. He was succeeded by 
his nephew, not his brother as Burke says, for Lord 
G.'s 2d brother and the laird of Troup both died in 
1785. Lord G.'s younger brother having married 
the heiress of Glenlyon, assumed the additional 
name and arms of Cumphell, which continue to 
be used by his descendants. It was to Lord 
Gardenston's elder brother Alexander, who 
died 21 Dec. 1785, that a tenant of Coullycan, iu 
Gamrie, addressed the following letter (here printed 
for the fii'st time), iu which his claims to a renewal 
of the lease of a mill are so quaintly set forth. 
It was addressed " To the Onerable Laird of 
Troupe," and runs thus : — 

"Culy Can, June 7, 1785. 

" Oneribel Sir, — Gif it plies your onari I hop 
you wil lat me know how you ar to set this Mil 
and I will ofer as much as aney on can gif. And 
my forbiers2 his bin heir so Long ; and my Gran- 
mother coifreds your oner of the Gandis* when non 
could Dow, when you was a child ; and when 
you fantit your grandfather, the old leard, sed 
whow5 that he ould shuts her, and shi was nar did 
for fier ;7 and when you Gru^ beter he promest to 
my Granfether [that] him nor yet his son, nor his 
sons son, would never put on9 of his Generation out 
of Culy Can. And when your onars fethar cam 
horn, and heerd whou that your lif was seavt, he 

1, Please your honour. 2, Ancestors. 3, Cured. 4, Jaun- 
dice. 5, How. 6, Shoot. 7, Nearly died from fright. 8, Be- 
came. 9, One. 

shuk hans we myio granmother, and said, Onest 
Mady,il I trow, ho [tlio'] my fethar flegati^ you for 
kilenis a Sandey ; but it is you that his kepit him 
in live, and it shal no be forgotten to you nor yours, 
and my fokl-1 shal niver Gari5 your fok flit ;16 and 
your oner promest the sam to her when you was a 
very young Gentleman, and I hop your oner his 
mor Gretated,i7 and likwis mor Goudnes, nor to 
brak ther word and your ane word, or to be on 
gretfouis to them that seved your lif, when non but 
them could a savt it ;19 and so God bUs your oners 
Humlet Sert, and alwise unto death, 

"James Morrison. 

" Becas I was not Goud at writin letterss right, I 
hafe goten a frind to do it for me. 

" God blis your Onar remember me." 

The churchyard of Gamrie, which is strewn 
with "moisty bones and broken skulls," and other- 
wise ill cared for, contains numerous monuments. 
From these the following inscriptions are se- 
lected : — 

This stone is dedicated by lames Wood in Doun, 
to his deceased father Robert Wood, who departed 
in Dec. 1683 ; as also here lyis Mary Reid, spous 
to lames Wood in Doun, w^ho died July 27, 1702. 

Under hope of a blessed resurrection, here lyes 
the ashes of Iohn Ross, sometime in the Mdl of 
Fortrie, who departed this life Aprile 17, 1699. 

Here lyes the ashes of Barbara Reid, spous to 
Iohn Ross, somtyme at Mill of Fortrie, who de- 
pairted this life December the 18, 1690 ; as also the 
ashes of Iames Eoss, somtime in Ballgrien, lawful 
son to the saids Iohn Ross and Barbara Reid, who 
died Sept. 13, 1727 also here lyes Alex- 
ander Ros, son to lames Ross in Balgreen, who 
depairted March the 7th 1707 .... 

Here lies interred the ashes of Marget Roger, 
spouse to Iohn Ord att Shore of Crivie, who died 
Jan. the 15, 1754 ; as also the ashes of Marget 
Watt, spouse to Iohn Ord, sometime at MiU of 
Melross, who died Jan. the 7, 1707. This is erected 
by Alex., and John Ords, their lawful son and 

10, Shook hands with my. 11, Honest Magdalene. 12, 

Frightened. 13, Killing of Alexander. 14, Fulk, 15, Make, 

16, Remove. 17, Gratitude. 18, Ungrateful. 19. Could have 
saved it. 



The next three inscriptions are on the north- 
east side of the church, and upon table-shaped 
tombstones of white marble : — 

Inscribed by James and Alexander Chalmers, 
merchants in Banff, in memory of their parents 
William Chalmers, merchant in Gardeustouu, 
who died 3 June 1809, aged 82 ; and Helen 
Strachan, his spouse, who died 9 Feb. 1811, in 
her 71st year. By laudable industry, joined with 
the strictest integrity, by a faithful discharge of 
the relative duties of life, and an uniform course of 
Christian piety, they lived respected, and died 
sincerely regretted. 

Sacred to the memory of James Clalmers, Esq. 
late merchant in Banff, who died 19 Feb. 1829, aged 
69. During a period of 50 years, extensively en- 
gaged in business, lie uniformly maintained a cha- 
racter of the strictest integrity ; faithfully dis- 
charged all the relative and social duties ; and 
accpiired the esteem of a numerous and highly re- 
spectable circle of acquaintances. He died uni- 
versally regretted. This tablet is erected by his 
surviving brothett" Alex. Chalmers, Esq. of Clunie, 
as a testimony of his affectionate regard. 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Chalmers, 
Esq. of Clunie, who departed this life 11 Aug. 1835, 
aged 70. He lived exemplary for generosity, be- 
nevolence, and disinterested integrity, and died in 
the hope of a blessed immortality. This is erected 
as a humble tribute by his afflicted widow Elspet 

— It was on the death of Alex. Chalmers of 
Clunie, and by mutual consent, that the large 
amount of £70,000 was placed at the disposal of 
trustees, for the "founding, erection, and endow- 
ment of an hospital and free dispensary of medi- 
cines," &c., at Banff, to be called Chalmers' 
Hospital. This building, which is a large and 
imposing structure in the Elizabethan style of 
architecture, has an airy position upon the rising 
ground, overlooking the Seatown. It has been 
in operation for some years, and been the means 
of supplying medical attendance and support to 
many, who could not brook the idea of receiving 
parochial relief, and were otherwise unable to pro- 
cure the necessary comforts of life, which are so 
very essential in time of distress. 

Wm. Watt, sliipinr. , Gardeustone, on 3 children, 
(1763) :— 

When low in dust the mortal part doth ly. 
At Christ's right hand, the soul doth dwell on high ; 
Then repine not parents, at your childrens' death. 
The flowers which bloom in spring, cut off are first. 
Kenneth Fimister, shipbuilder, who was put 
on shore hear the 13 November 1832, aged 50 yeais. 
Pleaced hear by his son John Fimister, carpenter 
in Burghead, in remembrance of his Father : — 
]My voyage is mead, my sorrow is o'er. 
The troubled sea of life I'll cross no more. 
My life was short, reader take notice. 
Where I am now, you all most surely come. 

The tradition of the lauding of the Danes at 
Gamrie, and their defeat, have been already al- 
luded to. In the New Statistical Account of the 
Parish, tlie affair is detailed with marvellous mi- 
nuteness ! 

On the opposite side of the den from the old 
church, a conical mound, called the Castlehill, 
presents traces of old walls. Upon this and ad- 
joining hills, and at a height of more than 150 feet 
from the present sea level, shells of various kinds 
are found embedded in the sand. These sand- 
hills were a favourite retreat of the late Hugh 
Miller ; and are still visited by students of the 
interesting science of geology. 

The ruins of " Wallace's Castle" on the farm of 
Pitgair (the rough hollow), overhanging the valley 
and burn of INIinonie, consist of two huge masses 
of vitrified walls, of much the same period, i^os- 
sibly, as the ruins of the castle of Kinedar, or 
King-Edward. We know that this castle was a 
seat of the ancient Earls of Buchan, the first re- 
corded of whom was a contemporary of William 
the Lion ; also that his castle of Kinedar was oc- 
cupied by Edward I. in 1296 ; and as the Earl of 
Buchan was then lord of most of the district, 
possibly " Wallace's Castle" was erected either 
by him or some of his vassals. 

Of the later proprietary history of certain parts 
of Gamrie, it is recorded that in 1226 Alex. II, 
confirmed the lands of Lethenoth to the monks of 
Kinloss, which lauds had been previously granted 



to them by Robert Corbett. Glendowacby was a 
thanedom in the time of Alex. III., and valued at 
£20 a- year. It was given by Bruce to Hugh of 
Ross. In later times, the Earls of Buohan, and 
Moray, had an interest in Glendowachy. Doune 
was also a thanedom, of which John of Bothuille 
had a grant in 1365. 


THE kirk of Ferneval was a deanery of the 
Cathedral of Brechin, and is rated at 20 
merks in the Old Taxation. 

In 1574, Faruell and Cuikstoun {infra, p. 92), 
along with four other churches, were served by 
one minister, who had a stipend of £202 4s 7d 
Scots. Thomas Sewan, who had " the haill 
vicarage" and kirk lands, was the contemporary 
reader or schoolmaster at Farnell. 

The present church (erected in 1806), stands 
within the church-yard, upon a rising ground 
near the Row, The bell is inscribed : — 

ANNO . 1662. 

A freestone monument, with a beautifully in- 
terlaced cross, and a representation of the Fall of 
our First Parents, &c., which was found upon the 
site of the old church, was some time ago pre- 
sented to the IMontrose Museum by the Earl of 
Southesk. It is a late type of the well-known 
Sculptured Stones of Scotland, and may possibly 
have been erected over the grave of a now un- 
known ecclesiastic of Farnell. This interesting 
stone was first engraved in Mr P. Chalmers' 
Sculptured Monuments of Angus, and afterwards 
in the Sculptured Stones of Scotland. 

When the kirk-yard of Farnell was being ex- 
tended and improved in 1870, the workmen came 
upon a line of coffins on the east side of the 
church, which were carefully constructed of stone 
slabs. The heads of two crosses were also dis- 
covered. One is pierced with four holes, and the 

other presents a plain cross in low relief upon one 
side of a circle, the satne figure, in an unfinished 
state, being upon the reverse. Two coffin-slabs 
were also found : one shows traces of the figure of 
a sword, and the other has a smooth unorna- 
mented surface. Upon another fragment, the 
base of a Calvary is incised, together with two 
or three old English letters in reUef ; and a Dedi- 
cation Cross is built into the kirk-yard dj^ke. 

With the exception of the bit above noticed, 
the oldest lettered fragment at Farnell bears :— 




IS ■. . 1G3S 

Several other fragments, less legible than the 
above, were discovered at the same time ; as well 
as two flat tomb-stones. The last-mentioned are 
both embellished with mortuary emblems, and 
respectively inscribed as follows : — 

D. E : I. S. Heire lyes interd vnder this ston 
IsOBEL Shilgreene, spovs to David Enererity, 
indweller in Fithie, who departed this life the 27 
November 1675 years, and of hir age 70. 
Remember man as thov goes by, 
As thow art now so was I ; 
As I am now so mvst thow be, 
Remember man that thov mvst dye. 
Anno Dom. 1676— Memento mori. 
— Shilgreene is a territorial name, probably as- 
sumed from the property of Shielagreen in Aber- 
deenshire. The surname of Enereritij is of like 
origin, and assumed from luverarity in Angus. 

W. T : A. A :B. C : I. A. 
Heir lyes Barbra Crichton, spose to Androv 
Andrson, indvelers in Villen Yeards, vho departed 
this lif the year of God 1717, and of age 53. Also 
heir lyes Walter Tyler, husbaut to Barbra Crch- 
ton, age 49, 1698. 

Memento mori — My glas is run. 

— Andrew Anderson in Willanyards, 1729, was 
reported by the factor for the York Buildings' 
Co., to be " a Right honest like man^ pretty well 
upon it, and has the Town very well plenished." 

" N 



A marble tablet (enclosed) is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Dame Christian Doig, 
relict of Sir James Carnegie, Bart, of Southesk. 
Died Novi-. 4th 1820, aged 91 years. 

— This lady was the daughter of David Doig of 
Cookstou, near Brechin, by his wife, Magdalene, 
heiress of Symers of Balzeordie, iu Menmuir. 
Symers' were designed of Balzeordie from the 
middle of the 15th century (Laud of the Lindsays), 
and Doigs held property in Brechin (Reg. Ep.), 
from before 1532, of which city some of them 
were chief magistrates, 1700-41. Reswallie, in 
Eescobie {infra, p. 158), was owned by Doigs 
during parts of the 16th and 17th centuries. 

Doig was the name of a churchman of Dun- 
nichen in 1372. About a century afterwards, 
James Doig is celebrated by Dunbar, the poet, as 
"the wardraipper of Venus' bour," or wardrobe 
keeper to the Queen of James IV. But probably 
the most eminent person of the name, in modern 
times, was Dr David Doig, a native of Monifieth, 
and master of the Grammar School of Stirling, 
whom Lord Karnes pronounced to be "a genius;" 
and said he loved him because he told him " his 
mind roundly and plainly" (Memoirs of Kames.) 

A free- stone monument, which stood within 
the old kirk, bears this inscription : — 

Sepulchrum Mstri Davidis Carnegy de Craigo, 
decani Brichinen :, rectoris hujus ecclesire, qui 
primo fuit ecclesiastes Brechinen : annos 2, postea 
hujus ecclesipe pastor fidelissiraus annos 36, qui 
placide ac pie in Domino obdormivit anno Dom. 
1G72, setatis sufe 77. In hac urna simul cum eo 
recubant prior ejus uxor Helena Lindesay, ac 
decern eorum liberi. Placuit hie inscribere aua- 
gramma a seipso compositum. 

Magistro Davidi Carnegy' 


Grandis Jesu, due me Gratia. 


Dum dego in terris expectana gaudia cceli, 

Me ducat semper tua Gratia, Grandis Jesu. 

[The burying place of Mr David Carnegy of 
Craigo, dean of Brechin, and rector of this church. 
He was at first minister at Brechin for 2 years ; and 
afterwards, for 36 years, the most faithful pastor 

of this church. He calmly and devoutly fell asleep 
in the Lord, A. D. 1G72, in his 77th year. In this 
tomb, along with him, are laid his first wife Helen 
Lindsay, and ten of their children. It seemed 
good to inscribe here an anagram composed by 

To Master David Carnegy, 


Great Jesus ! guide me thro' Grace. 


While I dwell on earth expecting the joys of heaven, 

May thy Grace ever guide me, Great Jesus !] 

— Dean Carnegy, who was descended from a laird 
of Cookston and Unthank, was the founder of the 
Carnegys of Craigo. His seal, attached ,to a 
letter of 5th March 1663, exhibits (^sans difference 
and colour), a shield with an eagle displayed and 
a cup upon the breast, surmounted by the letters 
M. D. C. The charge of the cup was afterwards 
exchanged by the Craigo family, for that of an 
open Bible, in allusion to the Dean's profession. 

The Dean's first wife was a daughter of Bishop 
Lindsay of Edinburgh. Two of his sons were 
churchmen. Robert, the youngest, was an " ex- 
pectant" {infra, p. 210), and the eldest, James, 
was long minister of Barry. In a deed of 1703, 
David Carnegy is described as " lawful son and 
heir to said Mr James." The Dean left 800 
merks, or about £44 2s 8d sterling, to the poor of 
the parish of Earn ell. 

Mr Carnegy's predecessor in Farnell was Mr 
Dugald Camjabell, who went there iu 1581. He 
was moderator of the General Assembly in 1606, 
and died before 8th July 1633 — the date of Dean 
Carnegy's presentation to Farnell. Mr Campbell 
married Katherine Mackure, daughter of a carver 
and burgess of Edinburgh (Scott's Fasti). A hand- 
bell at the Manse of Farnell, which j)robably be- 
longed to Campbell's time, is initialed M. D. C. 
It also bears a monogram, which appears to be 
composed of the letters, W.A.T.H. 
From a monument beside Dean Carnegy's : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. James Wilsoit, 
minister of Farnell, who died on the 18th of Octo- 
ber 1829, in the 74th year of his age, and the 52d of 
his ministry, justly and universally regretted by all 



who knew him. Also to his two sons, James and 
George, the former of whom died an infant, the 
latter in the 22el year of his age. Also to his 
mother, Ann Burnett, and his sisters, Margaret 
and Catherine, all of whom are interred here. 
— Mr Wilson was translated from Maryton to 
Farnell in 1794. His father was minister first 
at Edzell, and next at Kinnaird, where he died 
in 1787 {inf., p. 92.) The minister of Farnell 
married a daughter of Sir W. Nicolson of Glen- 
bervie, Bart., and had two sons and five daugh- 
ters. Mr David Smith, parochial schoolmaster 
at Farnell, married the eldest daughter, by 
whom he had Mrs Day of London, and other 
children. Another daughter, who married Dr 
Badenach of Arthurhouse, in Garvock, was mother 
of the present laird of Arthurhouse, J. Badeuach- 
Nicolson, Esq. Mr Nicolson, who passed as an 
advocate in 1855, has published an edition of 
Erskine's Institutes of the Law of Scotland, 
which has been favourably received. 
From a head-stone on south side of the kirk : — 

1810 : Erected by the Reverend Andrew Fer- 
gusson, minister of Marytown, in memory of his 
Grand-father, the Reverend David Fergusson, 
who was admitted minister of Fernell in the year 
17 IG, and died in 1751 ; and of his father the 
Reverend David Fergusson, who succeeded him 
in the above year, and died in 1793. Here also are 
interred their spouses, Anna Russel, and Janet 
Mitchell, with some of their children. [Dan. 
xii. 3.] 

— The first Mr Fergusson of Farnell gave two 
silver communion cups to the church, one of 
which is thus inscribed : — 

This Communion Cupp, and another like to it, 
were gifted to the church of Farnwell, by the Rev. 
Mr David Fergusson, late minister of the Gospell 
there, 1751. 

A monument, immediately to the south of Mr 
Fergusson's, is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of David Lyall, Esquire 
of Gallery, who was born at East Carcary, in Feb- 
ruary 1733, but who left Scotland, and went to 
Gottenburgh in 1757, where he resided as a mer- 
chant till 1787, when he retui'ned to his native 
country to enjoy the fruits of his industry, and the 

society of his relatives and friends. He was much 
respected for his integrity, benevolence, and charity, 
and died upon the 29th December 1815, in the 83d 
year of his age. 

—In May 1783, Mr Lyell, merchant in Gotten- 
burgh, gave " £250 scots to be distributed to the 
most indigent and needful of the poor" of Far- 
nell. He died unmarried, and the lands of Gallery 
passed to James Gibson, a sister's son, who 
assumed the surname of Lijall (infra, p. 212.) A 
stone at Farnell thus records the death of Mr 
Gibson's parents, and a brother : — 

1818 : Erected to the memory of James Gibson, 
who was born 22d March 1719, and died 16th Feb. 
1817 ; also of Margaret Lvall, his spouse, who 
was born in July 1731, and died in August 1786 ; 
and of David Gibson, their son, who was born 8th 
April 1760, and died in his seventh year. 
— The father of the above-mentioned James 
Gibson also belonged to Farnell, but left his 
native country for Riga after the Rebellion of 
1745, in which he took part. He became a mer- 
chant in that city, where he long resided and 
died. Some members of his family also settled 

The next three inscriptions — (the first two 
from table-shaped stones, the third from a granite 
obelisk) — relate to a family v/ho have been tenants 
upon the Southesk estate for considerably over 
two hundred years : — 

Here lies Robert Lyell, who dp'", this life tha 
14 Oct. 1707, age 43, and 3 of his children, viz. 
Patrick Lyell dpi', this life Jun 24, 1710, of age 
14 ; Robert L. dpr. 28 of Nov. 1706, age i y. ; 
Ann L: dpr. April the 9, 1701, of age 2 year : — 
Under this monument of stone. 
Here rests in peace the bones of one, 
Robert Lyell, call'd by name, 
Who fear'd God, & hated shame. 
Like to the glass, man's life does pass, 

And all are born to die ; 
Or as the sun, his time does run, 

Till 't grasp eternitie. 
Pallida mors a^quo pulsat pede 
Pauperum tabernas, regumque turres. 
Candide lector, vita nostra qua fruimur brevis est. 



And also in remembrance of James Lyall, some- 
time tencaut in East Carcary, and afterwards tenant 
of Mains of Gallery, who died there, the 27th day 
of Feb. ISOS, in the seventy- second year of his age. 

[Pale death knocks with impartial foot at the 
cottages of the poor, and the palaces of kings. 

Candid reader, the life which we enjoy is short.] 

In hope of a blessed resurrection, here lyes Isobel 
Mitchell, who was spouse to Charles Lyell, ten- 
nant in Carkary, who departed this life the 12 of 
April the year of our Lord 1727, and of age 50 years. 
Likewise two of her children, to wit, Robert, who 
departed July 1707, and Walter, who died March 
1717. Also here tyeth Charles Lyell, husband 
to ye s^ Isobell Mitchell, who departed this life 
March the 2Sth 1729, aged G3 years. Also here 
lyeth John' Lyell, who succeeded his father Charles 
in Carkary ; he departed this life September 13, 
1736, aged 34 years, with one of his children called 
Margaret. She died in the 3d year and 8 month of 
herage. Also Margaret MuDiEhisspouse, whodied 
20th Dec. 1761, aged 59 years. Also James Lyall, 
tenant in Carcary, who succeeded to his father 
John. He departed this life the 14th day of May 
1806, in the 75th year of his age. Also of Isobel 
Spence, his spouse, who died at Brechin the 26th 
day of January 1813, in the 71st year of her age. 

— Margaret Mudie was a daughter of the laird of 
Pitrauies ; and Isobel Spence belonged to a family 
that were notaries public and town clerks in 
Brechin for more than two centuries. The latter 
was the mother of the first-named in the next 
inscription : — 

In memory of Egbert Lyall, factor on the 
estate of Southesk from 1817 to 1850. Born at 
Carcary, 27 Novem. 1778 ; died at Arrat, 13 
January 1863. Of his wife Elizabeth Campbell, 
who died 25 April 1832, aged 52 years ; and of his 
second wife, Mary Brown, who died 11 June 1854, 
aged 59 years. 

— Mr Lyall was succeeded in the office of factor 
by his second son, now at Old Montrose. 

The grand-father of Sir Charles Lyell, Bart., 
the celebrated geologist, was descended from one 
of the brothers named in inscription [2.] He was 

bred a merchant in Montrose, became a purser in 
one of H.M.'s ships during the American war, and 
bought Kinnordy about 1780-3. He was suc- 
ceeded in 1796 by his son, who was a lawyer by 
profession, and published a translation of Dante. 

Wm. son of John Cobban, shoem. in Greenden, 
d. 1786, a. 26 :— 

Death, fierce is thy firie dart. 

No Forester like the. 
Who cuts the cyder while it grows, 

And spars the withered tree. 

John Brimner, hd. of Helen Smith, d. 1791, a. 75: 
'Tis here the fool, the wiae, the low, the high, 
In mix'd disorder, and in silence ly ; 
No more beneath life's weighty load he goes, 
But in this chamber finds a quiet repose. 
O humbling thought. Pride must be thus disgrac'd, 
And all distinctions here at last effac'd. 

(£i\\x\\$X^\x\\, or giwniuvl 

(? S. RUMON or RUMALD.) 

£\UYGSTOUN, or CUIKSTOUN, was the 
^«$£ " parish kii-k of the Prebendary callit the 
Subdeanerie of Brechin." 

A place near Quygston is called Rumens Cross. 
This may possibly indicate not only the name of 
the saint to whom the church was dedicated, but 
also the site of an ancient cross. Of the cross 
there is now no trace ; and S. Rumald, whose 
feast is held on 1st July, was probably the patron 
of the kirk. 

When the kirk or chapel at Quygston became 
" altogidder ruynous and decayit," Sir David 
Carnegie of Southesk, who died in 1598, had it 
rebuilt upon a site nearer to his own man- 
sion. The district was formed into a parish at 
that time under the name of Kinnaird, and it 
continued to be a separate cure until the death 
of ]\Ir George AVilsou in 1787, (supra, p. 91), 
when the parish was divided between those of 
Farnell and Brechin. The only existing memorial 



of Mr Wilson of Kinnaird is a sun-dial in the 
manse garden at Faruell, which had probably 
been brought there by his son. It is inscribed, 
"1767, Mr. G. W." 

The old burial-ground, which is within the 
deer park, and to the west of Kinnaird Castle, 
■was enclosed, some years ago, by the Earl of 
Southesk. It contains a number of tomb-stones. 
One bears a bold carving of the Rait arms, 
and this inscription in raised Roman capitals : — 

Heir lyes Henrie Rait, son to Mr David Eait, 
minister of this place, vho departed this mortal life 
in the 18 year of his age, October 1669 : — 
The tender grse it springs, it flovrs, it fades. 
The day begins, ascens, declines, in shades ; 
Frail mans like grase, his life a day, and most 
Rvn ovt his race, and be disolved in dvst. 

— Mr David Rait was one of three ministers who 
were commissioned by the General Assembly, in 
1 644, to supply the north-west parts of Ireland. 
He was settled first at Newburgh, next at Dairsie, 
and finally at Kinnaird, where he died sometime 
before 2d Feb. 1676. His father was minister 
of Mains, near Dundee (Scott's Fasti.) 

James Kar, spouse to E. Simpson (16-0) : — 


Jas. Soutter, hammerman in Nether Tenements 
of Oaldhame, d. 1760, a 54 :— 
Here James lyes claid with a mournfull shade, 
Hath teft his Friends and Loving spouse sad, 
And now is gone above the stars to sing, 
Eternall prais to his imortaU King. 


occupies a rising ground, to the south of Kinnaird 
Castle, at the end of avenues of grand old trees. 
It is surrounded by a freestone wiill, covered with 
ivy ; and is entered from the west by a handsome 
gateway. Two stone panels flank the gateway 

upon the north and south sides respectively. The 
former of these presents a carving of the Southesk 
arms, and the latter those of Southesk and Lau- 
derdale impaled. Below the respective shields 
are these inscriptions : — 

Carnegiorum gentis insignia, cujus princeps, 
Carolus, Comes Southesquius, natus est Lonidni 
Anglorum, die 7 April anno 1661 patr ..... rto, 
Comite Southesquio, matre Anna, filia natu maxi- 
ma atque hajrede Gul., Duels Hamiltouii, obiit in 
Arce sua Leucharensi, die 9 Augusti mensis, anno 
jerre Christianas 1699. Hasc ianua extructa atque 
ornata est a Maria M.etellana eius coniuge anno 
sal. hum. 1704, 

[The arms of the Carnegie family, whose chief, 
Charles, Earl of Southesk, son of Robert, Earl 
of Southesk, and Ann, eldest daughter and heiress 
of William, Duke of Hamilton, was born at London, 
in England, 7th April 1661. He died at his Castle 
of Leuchars, 9th Aug. 1699. This gateway was 
erected and ornamented by his wife, Mary Mait- 
land, in the year of human salvation 1704.] 


Charles, Earle of Southesque, was married on 
Lady Mary Maitland, second daughter of Charles 
Earle of Lauderdale, brother and heir to lohnDuke 
of Lauderdale, by whom he had a son James, now 
Earle of Southesque, & two daughters. Lady Anna 
and Lady Mary Carnegy, whom he survivd : 
Thes are the Armes of the said Charles Earle of 
Southesque & Lady Mary Maitland, Countes of 
the same, who put up thir coats, & built this gate, 
in the year 1704, 

The burial vault, which has an arched roof, is 
near the middle of the enclosure, and an orna- 
mental stone cross is placed over its entrance- 
The cross was erected by the present Earl of 
Southesk, who had the ground and dykes put into a 
becoming state of repair. 

A neat marble monument is erected within, 
and upon the north wall of the enclosure, to the 
memory of the Earl's first wife. Lady Catherine 
Noel. She was the second daughter of the Earl 



of Gainsborough, and died 9th of March 1855, 
leaving three daughters and a son. There is 
a similar monument, upon the south wall, to 
the memory of his Lordship's father and mother, 
who died in 1849 and 1818 respectively, 

A free-stone slab, which lies within the enclo- 
sure, bears this inscription : — 

15 . DAY . OF . lANVAR . 1655 . YEARS . AND . OF 
HIS . AGE . 60 . YEAR. 

— The Carnegies of Southesk first acquired a 
portion of the lands of Kinnaird in 1401, and 
the rest of the property became theirs in course of 
time. The valuation roll of Angus for 1682 
shews that the parishes of Faruell and Kinnaird 
both belonged to the " Earle of Southesque" with 
the exception of the small estate of " Litle 
Feithy." The Earl's estate within the two parishes 
was valued at £'243;3 Gs 8d Scots, and the latter, 
which was acquired by the Carnegies, during the 
early part of this century, is set down at £133 
6s 8d Scots. 

Sir David Carnegie of Kinnaird, who was raised 
to the peerage in 1616, took an active part in the 
affairs of his country. Probably he made im- 
provements upon his Castle of Kinnaird, for, in 
1656, his son wrote, on his father's behalf, to the 
Earl of Panmure, who at once granted the re- 
quest, " for Libertie to win some stones in the 
quarrell of Buthergill, the lyke q'of," adds Lord 
Carnegie, " he (the Earl of Southesk) has not in 
any part of his owne ground." 

The fifth Earl of Southesk was attainted for 
the part which he took in the Eebellion of 1715 ; 
but the titles were restored to the present Peer in 
1855. His Lordship was also created a Knight 
of the Thistle in March, 1869, and a British 
Peer iu November following. 

The Carnegies previously bore the surname of 
Balindard, which was assumed from the lauds of 
BaUnhard, or Bonhard, in the parish of Arbirlot, 
the property of the Earl of Dalhousie. But, on 
excarabing these lands with AValter of Maule, 
about 1350, for those of Carnegie, in the parish of 
Carmyllie, and barony of Panmure, John of 

Baliuhard and his descendants dropt their old 
surname of " Balinhard," and assumed that of 
Carnegie {infra, p. 249.) 

A history of the Carnegies, edited by Mr Wm. 
Eraser of Edinburgh, was printed for private 
circulation by Lord Southesk, in two vols. 4to, 
This shows that the family writs are better cared 
for now than they were in 1646, when the Earl 
wrote in regard to a " bond given iu to him by 
Argyll," that, " Be reasone of the troubles my 
writes are not presently beside me ; and if they 
were," adds his Lordship, " they are so confusedly 
cast togither, that I cannot fall vpon it in a 

During the spring of 1868, a Pict's House, or 
underground chamber, about ten feet long, was 
discovered to the west of the farm-house of 
Fithie. Among other evidences of human occu- 
pation, it contained the remains of an urn of I'ed 
embossed Samian ware, also bones of animals, &c. 
These relics are now in the National Museum, 
and an account of " the find" is given in the 
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, vol. viii. 

The lauds of Farnell belonged at one time to 
the Cathedral of Brechin ; and the Castle of Far- 
nell was a palace or residence of the Bishops of 
that diocese. It was visited by Edward I. iu 
1296 {v. Mem. of Angus and Mearns.) One of 
the skew-put stones bears the sacred monogram 
ii)s; and another has the crowned jiH, as sym- 
bolical of the Virgin — both here represented : — 

Kinnaird Castle, which was remodelled by the 
present Earl of Southesk, is one of the finest 



buildings in the district. It stands within a park 
of about 1000 acres in extent, which is well 
stocked with deer, and studded with many fine 
old trees. It is described by Guynd (c. 1682), 
as " without competition the fiynest place, taking 
altogether, in the shyre." 

The Pow runs through the parish of Farnell, 
and is crossed by two stone bridges. One bridge 
is near the church, the other near the junction of 
the Pow with the South Esk. The former is dated 
1802, and the latter was originally built in 1617, 
to accommodate James VI., when on a visit to his 
friend Lord Carnegie. This appears from the 
Kirk-Session records of Brechin, in which, under 
date of 18th Oct. 1620, it is stated that a collec- 
tion was ordered to be made "for help to the 
Pow bridge betwixt Kinnaird and Auld JMontrois 
qik ovr Sovereigne K. James the Sext caused lay 
over for leading of his Maties provision to Kin- 
naird in anno 1617 yeiris." 

(S. — ). 
!!^IIE parish of Longside was formed out of that 
JL of Peter-Ugie, now Peterhead. The church 
was erected in 1 620, under the name of " the ower 
kirk of Peter-Ugie ;" and its disjunction was rati- 
fied by Act of Parliament in 1637. In 1611, it 
acquired the name of Longside, and was "erectit 
in ane severall paroch kirk be it selff, and dis- 
vnited fra the said mother kirk of Peterugie" 
(Acta Pari.) 

Mr Alex. Martin, brother of the minister of 
Peterhead, appears to have been the first minister 
of the parish. Being there only for a few months, 
he was succeeded by Mr Alex. Irvine, who de- 
mitted about 1661. From that period to the 
present time, there have been eight incumbents. 

The old church of Longside, which stands 
within the burial ground, a little to the south of 
the new kirk, is a long, narrow building, with an 

ornamental belfry. Upon the west side of the 
belfry are the Sibbald arms, and the initials, 
A. S. Mr Abraham Sibbald was minister of Old 
Deer at the time of the building of the church at 
Longside, but I am not aware that he, or any of 
his name, had an interest in the latter parish. 

The Bruce arms, dated 1620, with the initials, 
G. B., and the words, " MR. meason," are also 
upon the belfry ; and these, as at Gartly (snp.^ p. 
43), may indicate the name of the builder of the 
church. A third slab presents the initials, A. R., 
accompanied by a mason's mark. 

One of the skew-puts upon the church exhibits 
the initials, G. B : E. M., and the date of 16 . . 
Upon another are the Keith and Cheyne arms, 
quarterly. This quartering has reference to the 
marriage of Keith with the heiress of Cheyne of 
Inverugie, by w'hich the Keiths acquired the 
gceater part of their territory in Buchau. 

The area of the old kirk, which is now used for 
burial purposes, contains several tomb-stones. 
The oldest, formerly in the church-yard, is thus 
inscribed : — 

Here lyes the corps of Androv Taylor in Over 
Kinmundy, who departed ovt of this lyfe the 23 
of Apryli 1712. 

The rest of the monuments within the kirk are 
modern. One was erected by Keith Forbes, Esq., 
solicitor in Peterhead, who is said to be the last 
direct male descendant ef Forbes of Brux. A 
second monument bears this inscription : — 

Erected in memory of James Bruce, Esquire of 
Innerquhomery and Longside, second son of James 
Bruce, late farmer, Middleton of Innerquhomery, 
and Barbara Gray, his spouse : Born at Middleton 
3d June 1787, died there IGth May 1862. 
— Mr Bruce, who acquired a fortune as a ship- 
owner, &c., bought the above-named estates from 
Mr Fergusson of Fitfour about 1820-24. His 
landed property was heired by a nephew, and 
upwards of £40,000 were willed to the clergy of 
the Presbytery of Deer, for distribution among 
the non -pauper poor within their bounds, Roman 
Catholics excepted ! 

The supposed builder of the church may have 
been an ancestor of " laird Bruce," for the sur- 



name is one of the oldest in the parish. Besides 
a tomb-stone, which Mr Bruce erected to his 
parents in the church-yard, there are several 
other monuments to the same race. One of these 
bears the following epitaph : — 

Alexander, Margaret, aud Helen Bruce, by 
their parents, Alex. Bruce and Margt. Cuming, 
Nethertou of Inverquhomry. Erected 1771 :— 
Here lies, consigned a while to promis'd rest 
In hope to rise again among the blest, 
The precious dust of one whose course of life 
Knew neither fraud, hypocrisy, nor strife. 
A Husband loving, and of gentle mind, 
A Father careful, provident, and kind, 
A Farmer active, with no greedy view, 
A Christian pious, regular, and true. 
One who, in quiet, trod the j)rivate stage 
Of rural labour, to a ripe old age. 
Belov'd by neighbours, honour'd by his own ; 
Liv'd without spot, and dy'd without a groan. 
Long may his humble virtues he rever'd ; 
Long be his name remember'd with regard ; 
And long may Agriculture's school produce 
Such honest men as Alexander Bruce. 

He died April 25, 17S5, in the 81st year of his age, 
and 51st of conjugal felicity with his one beloved 
wife Margret Cuming, who survived him only 3 
months, and was then laid down here, aged 78. 

None of the monuments at Longside can be 
called ancient. The oldest is possibly that of the 
Keiths of Ludquharn, in whom a baronetcy was 
created in 1629 (Douglas' Baronage.) Only traces 
of the family arms are to be seen upon the 
tomb, which is built into the east dyke of the 
kirk-yard. Ludquharn also came to the Keiths 
by marriage ; but the family and title have been 
long extinct. The property now belongs to 
James Russell, Esq. of Aden. 

There is possibly no older date upon any grave- 
stone in the church-yard, than that in the follow- 
ing inscription : — 

Here lyes ane honest werteous man called Thomas 
Duncan, sometym of Elneruerdy, who depairted 
this life the 8 of September 1094, and of his age 
58 years ; and Margaret Robertson, who de- 
perted this life the 8 Sept. 1G97. 

— In the Poll Book of Aberdeenshire (1696), 
Margaret Robertson, " widow of Invervcdy," is 
described as a portioner of the lauds of Kiumundy 
and as having above 500 merks, and under 5000 
merks of stocked money. 

Here lyes the corps of Francis Duncan, some- 
time Chamberlain to Kiumundy, who departed this 
life the 20 of June 1716, of age 89 ; also Jean Reid, 
his spous, who departed this life the 15 of August 

— About the time above referred to, Nether Kiu- 
mundy belonged to a branch of the Gordons of 
Pitlurg and Straloch. 

The next two inscriptions relate to ancestors of 
Dr Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury : — 


Sub hoc lapide cineres Gulielmi Tait, carpen- 
tarii in Ludquharn, et Agnetis Clerk, ejus con- 
jugis ; ille, humauaj salutis, 1725, aitatis suib 57 ; 
ilia, 1739 aitatis 79 anno, obierunt ; necnon Joan- 
Nis, Gulielmi, alterius Gulielmi, et Agnetis Tait, 
sobolis eorum qui pra;decesseruiit, sepulti sunt. 
Hie quoque conduntur exuviae Tuom-E Tait in 
Thunderton, filii S. D. Gulielmi et Agnetis natu 
maximi, qui in arte lapidaria, dum potuit, gnavus, 
in alenda familia failix, moribus probus, auimo 
fequus, vicinis amicus, tandem, annorum satur, 
fideejue et spe fultus, ad patres migravit anno 1770, 
a3t. 79. R. I. P. 

[Under this stone are interred the ashes of Wil- 
liam Tait, cartwright in Ludquharn, and of Agnes 
Clerk, his wife, who died, he in the year of human 
salvation, 1725, aged 57, and she in 1739, aged 70 ; 
and also of their children, John, William, a second 
William, and Agnes Tait, who predeceased them. 
Here also are laid the remains of Thomas Tait, in 
Thunderton, eldest son of the above William and 
Agnes, who, dilligent, while strength permitted, in 
his calling of stone-mason, happy in his family, 
a man of virtuous character and even temper, and 
a friendly neighbour, at length full of years, and 
sustained by faith and hope, departed to his fathers, 
in the year 1770, aged 79. May they rest in peace.] 


To the memory of George Tait in Redbog, who, 

after having liv'd 48 years in the fear of God, and 

love of all good men, was, upon the 30 th of May 



1758, killed by the fall of a stack of timber at 
Peterhead, justly lamented by his friends, and 
sincerely regretted by all who knew him : — 
Stay, reader, and let fall a tear. 

On looking at this stone ; 
But call not anything severe, 

That Providence has done. 
Expecting death, the good man lives. 

Prepared from day to day ; 
And when God's will the summons gives, 

He's ready to obey. 
This good man lived by all belov'd, 

And dy'd by all deplor'd ; 
Dwelt here awhile, and then remov'd, 

To dwell with Christ the Lord. 

— The above-named George was third brother of 
Thomas Tait, and his wife was Ann, daughter of 
Alex. Mundy, in Ennervedie. She was baptised 
28th Nov. 1713, and died 14th Sep. 1772, after 
having had a family of three sons and four 
daughters, (v. Burke's Landed Gentry.) 

Taits have been long resident in Longside. 
One of them lived at Savoch in 1625, and others 
were located, down to a pretty late date, in dif- 
ferent parts of the parish. Probably the more 
important of the family were Alexander and 
John, the former of whom was in Mains of Lud- 
quharn in 1729, and the latter in Mains of Kin- 
mundy in 1741 (Par. Reg., v. y.) The bridge over 
the Ugy, near the railway station at Longside, is 
said to have been built by Thos. Tait, mentioned in 
inscription [1.] lie is also locally said to have 
been the great-grand-father of Archbishop Tait. 

In connection with the fact of Dr Tait being 
the first Scotchman who has filled the Archiepis- 
copal chair of England, and the travelling about 
London on underground railways, the following 
curious prophecy of IGOl, by Richard Burbage, 
of the Globe Theatre, Loudon, may be said to 
have been fulfilled : — 

'• A Scot our King ? The limping State 

That day must need a crutch. 
What next? In time a Scot will prate 

As Primate of our Church. 
When such shall be, why then you'll see, 

That day it will be found, 
The Saxon down through London town, 

Shall burrow under ground." 

John, the son of Thomas Tait, acquired the 
property of Harviestou, in Clackmannanshire, 
about 17 — ; and about 1805, his son Craufurd 
Tait, Esq. (the Archbishop's father), bought the 
adjoining estate of Castle Campbell from the 
Duke of Argyll. Both properties now belong to 
Sir Andrew Orr, a publisher in, and sometime 
Lord Provost of, Glasgow. 

A table -shaped tomb-stone at Longside bears 
this epitajth : — 

And, is she gone, the once so lovely maid ? 
Gone heuce, and now a dear departed shade ! 
Call'd from this world in early dawn of life, 
Where but beginning to be called a wife ? 
Ye virgin tribe, whom chance may lead this way, 
Where brightest beauty moulders in the clay, 
Behold this stone, nor be asham'd to mourn 
A while o'er Mary Alexander's urn — 
Then pause a little, while these lines you read, 
And learn to draw instruction from the dead : — 
She, who lies hei-e, was once like one of you, 
Youthful and gay, and fair, as you are now : 
One week beheld her a young blooming bride, 
In marriage pomp, laid by her husband's side : 
The next we saw her in Death's livery drest, 
And brought her breathless body here to rest. 
Not all this world's gay hopes, nor present charms, 
Nor parents' tears, nor a fond husband's arms, 
Could stamp the least impression on her mind, 
Or fix to Earth, a soul for Heaven design'd ; 
Camly she left a scene so lately try'd, 
Heav'u call'd her home, with pleasure she com. 

Embrac'd her sorrowing friends, then smil'd, and 
. dy'd. 

Here lies the body of Mary Alexander, spouse 
to John Robertson, mariner in Peterhead, who de- 
parted this life January the 3d, 1767, aged 24 years. 

Also from a table-shaped stone on the south 
side of the church : — 

S. M. of James Aebuthnot in Rora, an affec- 
tionate husband, a tender parent, and faithful 
friend. Conspicuous for benevolence of heart and 
integrity of conduct, he gained the esteem of alL 
Possessed of the virtues which adorn the man and 
the Christian, his life was amiable, and his end was 
peace. He dy'd Apr. 16th 1770, aged 73 :— 




Happy the man whose God, who reigns on high, 
Hath taught to live, and hath prepared to die ; 
His warfare o'er, and run his Christian race. 
Ev'n Death becomes the messenger of peace — 
Dispells his woes, then wafts his soul away. 
To endless glory of eternal day. 

Here also ly in hopes of a blessed immortality, 
Margaret Gordon, his spouse. An affectionate 
wife, a tender mother, and sincere friend. She 
dy'd Nov. 1st, 1783, aged 84. Here are also de- 
posited the remains of Elspet Arbutunot, their 
daughter, an amiable young woman, who, upon the 
15th day of Nov. 1750, in the 21st year of her age, 
her soul to God. 

The next inscription is from a marble slab, fixed 
into an upright monument, within an enclosure, 
on the north-east side of the church-yard : — 

Glory to God above. Sacred to the memory of 
the Revd John Skinner, for 64 years and upwards 
Episcopal clergyman in this parish, whose attain- 
ments as a Scholar, and Scriptural Research as a 
Divine, of which many written documents remain, 
acquired him a name, never to be forgotten in the 
Church in which he exercised his ministry, while 
his Pastoral Labours in the charge committed to 
him endeared him almost beyond example to the 
sorrowing flock, by whom, in testimony of their 
heartfelt regard, this monument is erected. 

On the 16th day of June 1807, aged 86 years, he 
slept the sleep of death in the arms of the Eight 
Rev. John Skinner, Bishop of the diocese of Aber- 
deen, his only surviving son, who, with his family, 
and other numerous descendants, shall never cease 
to feel the most devout and lively veneration for 
the talents, the acquirements, and character of a 
progenitor, who lived so justly respected, and died 
so sincerely lamented. 

[From a flat stone, in front of the above] : — 

In the same grave over which the adjoining 
monument is placed to the memory of her venerable 
husband, lie the remains of his beloved wife Grizel 
Hunter, who died on the 21st day of Sept. 1799, 
in the 80th year of her age, having shewn herself, 
through life, the humble Christian, and, for nearly, 
58 years, a partner of every conjugal virtue. 
" When such friends part, 'tis the survivor dies." 

— Mr Skinner was a native of Birse, Aberdeen- 
shire, where his father was schoolmaster. His 
mother was first married to Donald Farquharson, 
laird of Balfour, in the S9,nie parish. She sur- 
vived the birth of her son only about two years. 
His father afterwards went to Echt, where he 
died in 177G. In obedience to his own expressed 
wish that — " Where the Pitcher breaks let the 
shells lie ; but let not a stone tell where / lie" — 
no monument marks the grave of Mr Skinner. 
An epitajjh, however, was composed to his me- 
mory by his eldest and youngest sons, which is 
engrossed in the sederunt book of the Kirk-session 
of Echt. It is here printed from a copy, kindly 
made by the late Mr Malcolm, schoolmaster: — 

" Dilectissimi parentis, Joannis Skinner, M.A., 
scholar in hac parochia per 50 annos magistri dig- 
nissimi, qui in officio ad extremum sedulus idem et 
probatus, in alenda prole, qua pater optabat, qua 
pauper potuit liberalitate, felix, animo ffiquus, 
moribus inculpatus, religionis tenax, ad vitia se- 
verus, jucuudus amicis, discipulis charus, probis 
omnibus in pretio habitus, tandem octogenarius et 
secunda quam per 40 annos habuerat conjuge nuper 
orbatus, dysuriai morbo intra biduum extinctus est. 
May 220 1776." 

[Erected to the memory of their beloved parent 
JouN Skinner, M.A., for 50 years a most deserv- 
ing schoolmaster of this parish. He was diligent 
and approved in his office to the last, and success- 
fully brought up his children with all the liberality 
that the limited means of an affectionate father per- 
mitted. He was even in temper, blameless in cha- 
racter, strict in the observance of his religious 
duties, a stern reprover of vice, pleasant to his 
friends, beloved of his scholars, and esteemed by 
all good men. He died at length of dysuria, after 
an illness of two days, 22nd May, 1776, in his SOth 
year, having been a short time before bereaved of 
his second wife, with whom he had lived 40 years.] 

— Mr Skinner of Longside is believed to have 
written the contemporary epitaphs printed in this 
notice of Longside. An excellent account of his 
Life is prefixed to his Poetical Pieces (Edin. 1809), 
to which the reader is referred. It need only be 
here said that, among other works, Mr Skinner 



wrote An ecclesiastical history of Scotland, which 
is much sought after. His name, however, is 
more generally, and popularly associated with his 
poetical writings, of which TuUochgorum, the 
Ewie wi' the Crookit Horn, &c., are too well 
known to require coiaament ; and every reader of 
Burns is aware of the friendly nature of the cor- 
respondence which passed between these two 
great masters of Scottish song, Mr S. lived in a 
thatched cottage at Linshart, with little more ac- 
commodation than " a but and a ben ;" and there 
he reared a large and meritorious family, one of 
whom became Bishop of Aberdeen long before 
his father's decease, {v. p. 32.) Mr Skiuuer con- 
tinued to reside at Liushart until 4 June 1807, 
when it was thought advisable to remove him to 
the house of his son, the Bishop, at Aberdeen ; 
but he survived the change only for the short 
space of twelve days, when he died as above. 
Combined with his scholarly acquirements, and 
devotedness to his church and people, he possessed 
" infinite humour," which he enjoyed and exer- 
cised almost to his last moments. Being at a 
marriage in the parish soon after he came to the 
district, and remaining to enjoy the festivities 
beyond the time that a worthy dame thought 
scarcely decent for a minister, she took the liberty 
of advising Mr S. to leave the company by sayiug 
that — " If ye dinna gae hame, sir, folk '11 be 
speakin' aboot ye !" to which he curtly replied — 
" Maybe, gudewife ; but I'll wager there'll be 
naebody readier than yersel' !" It is also told 
that a poor woman called one day at Linshart, 
while he was busily employed in some matter of 
importance ; and, with the view of not being de- 
tained by her, he at once gave her some pecuniary 
assistance, when the woman, in the gratitude of 
her heart, exclaimed — " May the Lord bless you 
and your family, sir ; an' may ye a' be in Heaven 
the nicht !" " I'm very much obliged to you, my 
good woman," quo' the old man, "for all your 
kind wishes ; only, you needua be so particular as 
to the time .'" 

William Kidd, d. 1834, a. 84 :— 
Tho' 84 be long, 'tis gone and past, 
And here in i)eace I'm resting at the last. 

Peter and Margaret Sangster, Kinmundy, 
died, aged respectively 25 and 29 years, in 
1791-98 :— 

Reader, suppose thy neighbour's case thine own, 
And breath a fellow feeling o'er this stone. 

Francis Greig, Torhendry, d. 1786, a. 72 :— 
The man of honest heart, and prudent head, 
Is lov'd while living, and esteemed when dead, 
And such was he whose epitaph we read. 
S. M. In dutiful remembrance of an attentive 
husband, an exemplary parent, an agreeable neigh- 
bour, an expert farmer, in business active, in ad- 
versity cheerful, in principle conscientious, in prac- 
tice irreproachable, the sensible man and sincere 
Christian — this small monument of family love is 
laid over the mortal part of Andrew Kidd, who 
dy'd in Kora, March 10, 1795, aged 75 :— 
Peace to his body in its bed of rest, 
Till call'd to join the soul it once possest, 
And soul and body be for ever blest. 
His spouse Elizabeth Seller, died Dec. 27, 
1801, aged 79. 

Near Mr Skinner's monument, enclosed by a 
low wall, a stone with a long laudatory inscription, 
is prefaced by these words : — 

S. M. Dy'd Febr. 3, 1790, in the 85th year of 
his age, and 58th of his ministry, John Brown, 
A.M., minister of Longside, &c. [v. p. 58.) 

On the right of the churchyard gate, two in- 
scribed monuments, the oldest in Latin, the other 
in English, record the death of two of the parish 
ministers : — 

The Pv.ev<i John Lumsden, 15 years minister of 
the parish, died January 1732, aged 47 : His wife's 
name -was Frances Fullarton. 

The Rev<i William Greig, aged 72, died on 
Sunday 17 Aug. 1828, " having that day preached 
to his ijeople. " His wife Margaret Skinner, died 
7 Oct. 1827, aged 69. 

Amelia Milne, widow of Charles McDonald, 
Burnside, in memory of her beloved son William, 
whose life was taken away near the Kirktown of 
St Fergus, on the 19 Nov. 1853, in the 29th year 

of his age The secret of his death is 

with the Lord, who also hath the record of his 
humble faith, his Christian character, and his 



blameless life, to be all disclosed on tbat great day 
when He shall come to jud^e the world in right- 
eousness, and give to every one according to his 

— It was for the murder of this person tliat Smith, 
au unqualified medical practitioner at St Fergus, 
was tried at the Spring Assizes, Aberdeen, in 
1854. It appears that Smith had effected an 
assurance on the life of M'Donald, and met him 
by ai:)pointment on the evening of 29th Novem- 
ber, when the young man came by his death from 
a pistol shot. Smith, who afterwards went to 
New Zealand, was acquitted on the verdict of not 
proven ; but the insurance money was never paid 
to him. 

Near the north dyke of the churchyard, a 
granite obelisk bears : — 

Erected in ISGl to indicate the grave of Jamie 
Fleeman, in answer to his prayer — "Dinua bury 
me like a beast. " 

— This singular being was born at Ludquharn in 
1713, and died at Kinmundy in 1778. His re- 
markable sayings and doings are narrated in an 
interesting pamphlet entitled The Life and Death 
of Jamie Fleeman, the Laird of Udny's Fool, 
by Rev. Dr Pratt, Episcopal minister, Cruden. 
It ought to be added that Dr Pkatt, who was 
also the author of " Buchan," and other meri- 
torious works, died on 20 March 1869, beloved 
and respected by all who could appreciate unob- 
trusive worth, and real merit. 

A handsome Episcopal church, built of native 
granite, with nave, side aisles, and chancel, also a 
central tower about 90 feet high, is the most 
striking object m Longside. It was founded 
in 1853, and dedicated to S. John. A stained 
glass window of three lights, illustrative of the 
principal events in the life of Our Saviour, orna- 
ments the church ; and a brass below the window 
is inscribed to Mr Skinner: — 

In memoriam admodum Reverendi Joannis Skin- 
ner, M,A., per sexaginta quatuor annos hujus 
gregis pastoris, qui natus iij Octob. J721, obijt l(i 
Jun: 1807. 

The south window of the chancel contains a 
painting of S. John, with the following : — 

M. S. JoANNis CuMMiNO, qui per multos annos 
in hoc grege curam pastoralem fidelissime exercuit. 
— Mr C, who was a grandson of Mr Skinner, 
died pastor of this place in 18 — , and a portrait 
of him, by Mitchell, is preserved in the vestry. 

There is a painted window of two lights in 
the south aisle ; one picture is illustrative of 
the Lord's Prayer, "■ Thy kingdom come, thy will 
be done ;" another of the text, " Suffer little 
children to come unto me." Brasses record the 
death of John Hutchison, late in Monyruy, 
who died in New Zealand, 1863, aged 54 ; and 
his wife Catherine Arbuthnot, who died 1856, 
aged 43. Another window of one light, repre- 
senting the good Samaritan, is in memory of 
Rop.ERT Cheves, who was born in 1791, and died 
in 185G. 

The Established and Free Churches are also 
good plain buildiugs ; and the village of Long- 
side, which is on the increase, contains some neat 
dwelling houses. 

The Reverend Charles Arbuthnott, Abbot 
of the Scots College of St James' in Ratisbon, 
who died 19 April 1820, aged 84, was a native of 
Longside. So highly was the Abbot respected 
for his worth and learning by the German Princes, 
that, when it was resolved, by the Diet of Ratis- 
bon, to secularise the church lands of the Empire, 
an express exception was made in the Abbot's 
favour. The respect and esteem for him never 
abated ; and his funeral was attended by the 
highest dignitaries in Germany. 


T^HE church of Grange was originally a chapel 
<*£> belonging to tlie Abbots of Kinloss, to 
which Abbacy the lands of StratJti/lo/] with their 
pertinents, &c., were granted by William the 
Lion, 1195-0. 



Grange was formerly a part of the parish of 
Keith, from which it was disjoined in 1618. 

The old church, which stood in the burial 
ground, was in a ruinous state in 1793. In 1795, 
the present kirk was erected upon an adjoining 

Alexander, the first Duff of Braco, who 
died in 1705, was buried in the aisle of the old 
church, where there was a handsome monument 
to his memory, now buried, or otherwise lost. It 
was in consequence of the failure of the male suc- 
cession in the person of William, son of the above 
Alexander Duff, that Alexander's next brother of 
Dipple succeeded to Braco ; and it was the eldest 
son of William Duff of Braco and Dipple who was 
the first Earl of Fife. 

A slab of Portsoy marble, encased in free 
stone, built into the churchyard dyke, is thus 
inscribed : — 

Alexander Kerr, doctus, non doctor, ecclesite 
hujus ab instaurata religione pastor secundus, 
varum officii fideli exercitio nemini secundus, vir 
magni iugenii ac indefessi laboris, donis omnibus 
foris domique mystoe necessariis abunde refertus 
veritatem, pietatem, charitatem, voce, vita, exemplo 
docuit, coluit, promovit. Hie, ubi vires exantlavit, 
exiivias deposuit, anno Dom. 1G93, minister ii 43, 
aitatis 06. Memento mori. 

[Alexander Kerr, a learned man, although not 
a doctoi-, second pastor of this church after the Re- 
formation, but second to none in the faithful dis- 
charge of his sacred duties ; a man of great ability 
and unwear-ied activity, richly endowed with all 
the gifts necessary to a minister at home and 
abroad, taught, cultivated, and promoted, by voice, 
life, and example, truth, piety, and charity. Here, 
where he spent his strength, he laid down his re- 
mains, A.D. 1G93, in the GGth year of his age, and 
the 43d of his ministrj\ Ptemember death. ] 

Upon another stone : — 

Associataj August 16, 1606 : Hie coquiesctit in 
Doino, Ana Gordona, uxor piissima D. Air. Keri, 
symmystai Grangen. , natapque 4 code busto. 

[Associated (married) Aug. 16, 1600 : Here rest 
together in the Lord, Anna Gordon, the most pious 
wife of Mr Alex. Kerr, joint minister of Grange, 
and four daughters, in the same tomb.] 

Upon the wall of the burial aisle of the Innes' 
of Edingicht, the gate of which is dated 1816 : — 

This monument is erected by John Innes of 
Mwiryfold to the memory of Thojias Innes, of 
JVlAviryfold, his father, who lyes here interred. He 
died the 12 of Sept. 1754, aged 73 years. 
—Thomas Innes of Muiryfold was a son of the 
laird of Edingicht, and long factor for the Earl 
of Fife, in which capacity he was succeeded by a 
son. Another son was a W.S. in Edinburgh, 
and became founder of the family of Innes of 
Netherdale, in Marnoch. The Innes' of Edin- 
gicht are cadets of Innes of that ilk in Moray- 
shire, and have held the property of Edingicht 
from about the middle of the 16th century. On 
the death of Sir William, the 8th in succession 
from Robert of Innerniarkie and Balveny, who 
was created a baronet in 1628, the title descended 
to John of Edingicht, whose 2d son is the present 
baronet. It is told that one of the family of 
Edingicht, who was an officer in the army, 
when on his way to Holland during the war to- 
wards the close of the last century, was repri- 
manded by his commander for not having a proper 
hat on his head, upon which Innes jocularly re- 
marked (in allusion to the coming struggle, and 
the source from which, if spared, he meant to 
supply himself), " that there wad soon be mae 
hats than heads !" 

Upon a tablet built into the wall of the church- 
yard : — 

Mr Arciid. Camreel, minister of Grange 22 
years, was Diligent in Office, Learned in Science, 
the Animated Friend, and Chearful Companion. 
He lived 00 years. Died the 10, was buried here 
his birth day, the 19 October 1774. His intimate 
Friend and Trustee, John Innes of Muryfold, 
erects this monument. 

James Shepherd, Poolside of Keith, d. 1817, 
a. 83 :— 

As a mark of respect for his virtuous life 

Now reaping the fruit of his gain, 
This stone is erected by Isobel his wife. 
Till in glory she meet him again. 
Isobel Birnie, wife of .J. Shepherd, d. 18.32, a. 84. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 



A morte et potestate sepulcliri nuUi redemptio. 
Vive memor lethi. Beati iu Domino qui obeiuit. 
Hie eonduntur cineres Patricii Wilson, quondam 
in Cantlie, et Isojbell.e Strachan, ejus conjugis, 
qui mortem obiere, ille Apr. 4, 1723, ilia Dec. . . 
1709. P.W. I.S. Hie itidem GuL. Wilson, eorum 
natu filius minimus, et Alex. Gairden, eorum 
nepos, flore retatis exuvias deposuere. 

[From death and the power of the grave there is 
no redemption. Live mindful of death. Blessed 
are they who die iu the Lord. Here lie the ashes 
of Patrick Wilson, sometime in Cantlie, and of 
IsoBELLA Strachan, and his wife, who died 4 April 
1723, and Dec. . . 1709, respectively. Here also 
are laid the ashes of William Wilson, their 
youngestsou, and of Alex. Gairden, theirgrandson, 
who were cut oif in the flower of their age.] 
An adjoining monument beai'S : — 

Sacrum memoriae, Georgii Wilson, nuper in 
Cantly, qui mortem obiit 22 die Martis, A.D. 1742, 
oetatis su;« 04. Hoc amoris et doloris monumeutum 
uxor superstes et mcerens posuit. 

[Sacred to the memory of George Wilson, late 
in Cantly, who died 22 March 1742, in the 64 year 
of his age. His surviving and sorrowing wife 
erected this monument in token of her love and 

— This was the father-in-law of James Ferguson, 
the astronomer. His mother-in-law (whose death 
is not recorded upon the stone) was Elspetii, 
daughter of Archibald Grant of Edin Valley, 
She died 29 Jan. 1771. It was on 31 May 1739, 
that " James Ferguson,' in the parish of Keith, 
and Isobel Wilson" were married at Grange. 
They had one daugliter and three sons, all born 
in London, where the two eldest sons died respec- 
tively in 1772 and 1803. The youngest son died 
in Edinburgh in 1833. The daughter Agnes, who 
was born in 1745, was, says Dr E. Henderson, in 
bis Life of Ferguson (p. 468), " remarkable for 
her beauty and intelligence ; she suddenly dis- 
appeared about the end of July, or early in Aug. 
1763, and was never more seen by her parents. 
Our late researches regarding her show that she 
was decoyed by a young nobleman and taken to 
Italy. He abandoned her, and she,- being pro- 
bably ashamed to return to her parents, whom 

slie had disgraced, to maintain herself, wrote 
articles for the magazines. She afterwards be- 
came an actress, for a brief period. She ulti- 
mately led an irregular life, and died in poverty 
iu a miserable garret, in Old Round Court, Strand 
(now removed), 27 January 1792, aged 47 years." 
Ferguson himself was born in a secluded but 
picturesque spot on the Deveron, at a place called 
the Core of Mayen, in Rothiemay, Banffohire, 
upon the left side of the road from Rothiemay to 
the kirk of Maruoch. His parents were in poor 
circumstances. He was the 2d son of John Fer- 
guson and Elspeth Lobban, and was born 25 April 
1710, and died at London 16 November 1776. 
For other interesting particulars, see i)v Hen- 
derson's Life of Ferguson. 

John Priest died, Nov. 1803, aged 62 : — 
As pensively you pass, 
Above the silent dead. 
Improve your time — note this — 
And at your leasure read 
Psa. 37-3, 6 ; Prov. 3, 5, 6 ; Isa. 1, 16-18 ; 53, 
6, 13 ; Matt. 7, 7, 14 ; John, v. 39-40 ; Rom. viii. 
1, 14 ; 2d Pet. 1, 5, 11 ; Rev. 23, 12-17. 

Revd. Andrew Young of the Associate Congre- 
gations of Keith and Grange — " after the disjunc- 
tion of the two congregations in 1785, minister of 
Grange only" — died 21 May 1788, in the 37th year 
of his life, and 12th of his ministry. 

Ptevd. John Primrose of the Associate Congre- 
gation, Whitehill, Grange, died 28 Feb. 1832, aged 
81, and in the 43d year of his ministry. 

Revd. .John Smith of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Society, sometime missionary iu Barbadoes and St 
Vincent, West Indies, died 17 Sep. 1855, aged 27. 

A recently erected mural tablet to the memory 
of the father of ]\Ir Duff, who, under the assumed 
name of Andrew Halliday, is the author of several 
popular plays and other works, bears : — 

The Rev. William Duff, 23 years minister of 
Grange, died 23 Sep. 1844, aged 53. 

The district of Grange, or Strathisla, having 
belonged to the Abbey of Kinloss, the whole lands 
were anciently held under the superiority of that 



house (v. Records of the Monastery of Kinloss, by 
John Stuart, LL.D.) The monks had a castle, 
or residence, upon the knoll now occupied by the 
church of Grange. It was surrounded by a ditch ; 
and about 1574, a "tour, fortalice, and orchard," 
adorned the mound. 

The neighbourhood of the church of Grange 
possesses much natural beauty. Near it stands 
the hamlet of the Kirktown, with " the noisy 
mansion," in which the youth of the district have 
been long taught by a most accomplished master. 

Although, now-a-days, there is no ale-house 
at the clachan of Grange, the door-linlel of the 
old hostelry is at Muiryfold, and upon it is this 
quaint couplet: — 



Besides the Established Church, there are also 
Free and U.P., Churches in the parish. The 
former is at no great distance from the parish 
kirk, and the latter is situated at VVhitehill, where 
there has been a congregation for about a century. 

A bridge which crosses the Isla, near the church, 
"was built in 1699, by Alexander Christie, tenant 
in Cautly, for the glory of God, and the good of 
the people of Grange." The stone which bore 
this inscription is said to have fallen into the Isla ; 
and the Kirk-session records shew that the sum 
of 100 merks Scots, which was left by Christie 
for the maintenance of the bridge, was expended 
before 1740. The bridge was originally built for 
foot passengers. It was repaired and widened 
in 1783, for horses and carts, &c. 

The two extracts below, copied from the Kirk- 
eession records of Grange, are interesting. The 
first shows the gravity with which old Kirk- 
sessions treated a seemingly harmless circum- 
stance, while the latter implies a belief in another 
act of even a more superstitious character than 
the former. The first entry, dated 21st April, 
1686, is as follows : — 

" Isabell Reid compeared for charming, and con- 
fessed that she used to charme the eyes for the 
mark, by spitting, blowing, into the eye, and re- 
peating an orison, one of which she repeated before 
the Session, bot denyed that she could charme for I 

any other distemper. That in respect it is not an 
ordinarie sin, it is referred to the preabyterie." 

The next extract (11th June 1683) goes to prove 
that a young woman in the parish of Grange was 
so sorely afflicted with scrofula, that she resolved 
to go to London, in the hope of being cured of 
the disease, by the Royal Touch, which was long 
deemed to be eflficacious in that complaint : — 

"Marjorie Gray being to go up to London for 
seeking remedie to her disease, supposed to be the 
King's Evil, got a Testificat declairing her to be 
free from church censure aud public scandal." 

—William of Malmesbury says that Edward the 
Confessor was the first prince who pretended to 
have the power of curing scrofula ; and that the 
miracle was first performed upon a young married 
woman. He farther states that the ceremony 
was done by the king stroking the afflicted parts 
with his hand dipt in water ; also, that the cure 
was perfected within a week, and the woman, pre- 
viously childless, gave birth to twins in due time ! 
The celebrated Dr Samuel Johnson was touched 
for the same disease, when a child, by Queen 
Anne, but without any good effect ; and, doubt- 
less, although unrecorded, the visit of INIarjory 
Gray to King Charles was attended with no 
better success. 

Additional Inscriptions at Orange. 
The following is from a recently erected mo- 
nument within the Edingight burial aisle : — 

Near this tablet, mingling with the dust of his 
Ancestors, lie the remains of Sir John Innes, of 
Balvenie and Edingight, Baronet, who died at 
Aberdeen, 23rd March 1829, aged 71. Also those 
of his spouse, Dame Barbara Forbes, who died 
12th August 1844, aged 74. Of his eldest son, Sir 
John Innes, Bart., who died 3rd December 1838, 
aged 37. Of his daughter, Barbara, who died 
14th March 18G5, aged 61. Also of his grandson, 
Alexander, who died 3rd March 1845, aged 3. 

— Sir James Innes, Bart., the erector of this 
monument, succeeded to the titles and estates of 
Edingight on the death of his brother in 1838. 
He married a daughter of Alex. Thurburn, Esq., 



sometime tenant of Drum, and a sister of Wm. 
Thurburn, Esq., solicitor and bank agent in Keith 
{infra, p. 167.) 

In memory of Alexander Howie, carrier, Rotliie- 
may, who died on the 14th Sep. 1839, aged 26 years. 
This stone was erected by those Merchants in the 
district, who were his principal employers, in token 
of their respect for his uniform integrity, and his 
unremitting attention to business. 

The next inscription (from a flat slab), is chiefly 
remarkable for its odd orthography : — 
Sub hoc Saxo Jacet Alex'" Long 
muir Antiquis InteJerrimisque Pro 
genitoribus editus qui post 
30 Aunor' Stadi' SePtris 11 mo 
Anno Supra milU Sep* 20mo 
4to fatisCeSit* 

trAnsuverie* patres Sic est* [* sic. 

trAusib'mus Omnes 
Vita in pati«ntia mors in 
non est mortale qd opto 

^Under this stone lies Alexr. Loxomuir, de- 
scended from an ancient and most respectable family, 
who, after a career of 30 years, died 11th Sep. 1724. 

Our fathers have passed away, in like manner 
shall we also all pass away. 

Life in patience, death in desire, what I wish for 
is not mortal.] 

—The above inscription probably relates to an 
ancestor of the Longmuirs in Keith (infra, p. 166), 
one of whom has recently presented his fellow- 
townsmen with a handsome public hall. The sur- 
name may have been carried to the North from 
Ayrshire, where there is a place called Langmure, 
In 1477 (Reg. Honoris de Morton), James Lang- 
mour, presbyter, witnesses a deed regarding the 
Collegiate Church of Dalkeith. 

The next two inscriptions (from tablets built 
into the kirk-yard dyke), and note, are more fully 
given here than below {v. pp. 101-2). The first 
slab was " removed from the church" in 1795 :— 

Associatse Agvst 16, 1666 : Hie coqviescvt in 
Doino, Ana Gordona, vxor piGtissia D. Ari. Keri, 
symystse Grangen : natseque 4 code busto. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. William 
Duff, 23 years minister of Grauge, died 23rd Sept. 
1844, aged 53 ; and of his children, James Uuff, 
died in infancy, July 1826 ; Mary-Keith Duff, 
died Sep. 1848, aged 16 ; John Duff, A.M., died 
Feb. 1849, aged 21. 

— Mr W. Duff, who came from Dumfriesshire, had 
one son who has attained the rank of a General 
in the American army, and another, under the 
name of " Andrew Halliday," has acquired fame 
as the author of several popular plays, &c. The 
latter was named after his father's friend and 
fellow-student. Sir Andrew Halliday, sometime 
Domestic Physician to the Duke of Clarence. 

5 U X X \ %. 

f^HE church of Durris, which is rated in the 
«^ old Taxation at 10 merks, was a rectory in 
the diocese of St Andrews. 

Messrs George Eraser and Archibald Hog were 
ministers of Durris in 1568 and 1574 respectively. 
The former had probably been related to the 
Erasers of Durris, and the latter to the Hogs of 
Blairiedryne. I have seen no record of any old 
" reidar" at Durris. 

After the Reformation the church was attached 
to the Presbytery of Eordoun ; but, in 1717, it 
was annexed to that of Aberdeen, from which 
city it is distant about 12 miles. 

The present kirk, which is a plain building, 
pleasantly situated on the south banks of the Dee, 
was erected in 1822. The bell (sup., p. 27), bears 
this inscription : — 

lOHN MOW AT OLD ABD. FE. 1765 ; 



The burial aisle of the Erasers of Durris is at 
the east end of the kirk. It contains a recess 
tomb, dated 1594. The Eraser arms, with the 
initials, T. F., and motto, constant, are upon a 



panel below the date. Sir A. Fraser, chamberlain, 
and brother-in-law to Bruce, had a grant of the 
thanedoms of Durris and Cowie from that king. 

The Fraser tomb has been used by subsequent 
proprietors. It was re-edified in 1869 by the late 
laird of Durris, who put up six granite slabs, four 
of which are respectively inscribed as follows : — 

1869 : To the memory of Anthony Mactier, 
Esq. of Durris : Died 5th Aug. 1854, aged 81. 
■ Of Maria Mactier, wife of the late Anthony 

1 Mactier, Esq. of Durris : Died 30th Dec. 1852. 

aged 52. 

Of Eliza-Kose Mactier, eldest daughter of 
Anthony and Maria Mactier : Died 14th Oct. 1841, 
aged 16. 

Of Henry Mactier, 8th son of the said Anthony 
and Maria Mactier : Born 1st Sept. 1836, died 
15th Sept. 1836. 

— Mr Mactier, who bought Durris about 1837, 
made money in India as a merchant. He be- 
longed to Galloway ; and his wife was a daughter 
of Alex. Binny, Esq., who resided in St Andrews, 
Fifeshire. Her uncle, Thomas Binny, Esq. of 
Fearn and Maulesden, in Angus, possessed a large 
painting, by Sir Thos*. Lawrence, of Mrs Mactier 
and her father, &c. — possibly one of Lawrence's 
grandest family groups. Mr T. Binny had also 
a number of early pictures by Sir H. Raeburn, 
Sir J. Watson-Gordon, and Colvin Smith. The 
Binnys were come of a burgess family in Forfar. 

By judicious management and improvement, 
Mr Mactier is said to have doubled the value of 
the estate of Durris. He was succeeded by a son, 
who sold the property in 1867 to James Young of 
Kelly, Esq., F.R.S., paraffin oil manufacturer. 

When the Fraser Aisle was undergoing repair, 
two mutilated grave-stones, were found with the 
following remains of inscriptions : — 

Here lyes Isobel Fr . . er, spous .... aster 

lohn minister of Duries, who departed 

this life the 13 of May 1716, in the -2 of her age. 
— This is possibly the grave-stone of the first wife 
of Mr John Reid, for according to Scott's Fasti, 
he left a widow. The same authority states that 
Mr Reid, previously schoolmaster at Banchory- 

Ternan, was appointed minister of Durris in 1675, 
and that he was deposed in 1716. 

Magister Andreas 

Magistri loannis 

ris ecclesije Dur 

sacrosanctaj .... 

heologife studiosus 

decimo die Sept. 

26 . 17 . . 

A walled enclosure, on the west side of the 
kirk-yard, is called the Lines Aisle. Although it 
was long used as the burial place of the Inneses, 
who were lessees of Durris, the tomb contains no 
monument. The last of this branch of the family 
was John Innes, Esq., sheriff-substitute of Kin- 
cardineshire, who was descended from the house 
of Leuchars, in Moray, and father of Professor 
Cosmo Innes of Edinburgh (sup., p. 53.) 

The next four inscriptions are from fiat stones 
in the burial-ground : — 

1715 : 1. F : C. F. Here under lyeth John Fraser 
in Mill of Doors, who departed the 6 day of July 
1711, in the 63 year of his age. 

Here lyes William Bisset, late farmer in Darn- 
fourd, who died ye 2d ... . 1743, aged 70 years. 
Also Isobel Pierie, his spouse, who died Nov. — 
1742, aged 70. 

Vain mortals, learn from hence to know, 
Its vain to search for bliss below, 
Since here ye virtuous, wise, and just 
Lies mould'ring to his ancient dust. 
Here lyes the body of William Hogg, late farmer 
in Mickle barns, who died 26th Feb. 1751, aged 72 
years. We see impartial death cuts down, &c. 

David Walker, farmer, Mill of Montquigh, d. 
1775, a. 76 :— 

No lingering sickness, or long warning pains, 
The pious want to purify their Stains ; 
To pray forbearance from impending fate, 
And urge repentance on a death-bed state, 
Heaven found him fit in any hour to die, 
And sudden snatch'd him kindly to the joy. 




The district of Durris— the history and tradi- 
tions of which have been given in Memorials of 
Angus and Mearns— was a thanedom, with a royal 
hunting forest, &c. The castle of Durris stood 
where a monument to the late Duke of Gordon 
is erected. It was a place of some note during 
the times of Alexander III. and Edward I. ; and 
(as shewn by Spalding) the house and lands were 
oftner than once harried during Montrose's Wars. 
A bridge crossed tlie Dee near the old castle 
in the time of Alexander III. There are at pre- 
sent two iron-girder bridges in the parish — one 
at iPark, and another near Crathes, the latter of 
which was erected chiefly at the cost of the late 
laird of Durris. The Shiach or Fairy's burn— a 
pretty Highland stream— is crossed by a stone 
bridge near the parish kirk. 

The Free Church of Durris and Mary Culter 
stands about a mile to the north-west of the 
parish kirk of Durris. 

Statutory fairs are still held in the parish, near 
the Bridge of Park. Probably these represent 
" St Coxgal's fair," which (Edinburgh Prognos- 
tication for 1706) was held " at the kirk of Doors 
in Mernshire." 

As in most parts of the country, Superstition 
had a firm footing in Durris in old times ; and, 
according to story, it wiis fostered there by a 
pedagogue who played upon the credulity of his 
neighbours by occasionally personating his Satanic 
Majesty ! On one occasion he appeared among 
the rafters of the church at an evening meeting, 
in the guise of a horned ox, with glaring eyes, 
and nearly terrified the people out of their wits. 
Mr Pieid, minister of Banchory, being in the 
locality at the time, was asked to go to the kirk 
to lay Satan ; and it is said that, upon seeing the 
parson, who was remarkable for strength of body 
as well as of mind, " homey" bawled out : — 

" What are you doiu' here, Rob Eeid, 
Wi' your hard head ?" 
To which Mr Reid naively replied : — 
" Whether my head be hard or saft— 
Come you doon, 
Or I'll crack your croon !" 

P aui f U t It, 


^ILCHRIST, EARL of ANGUS, gave the 
"^xJf church of Munifod to the monks of Arbroath 
soon after the foundation of the Abbey. In 1220, 
his grand-son, Earl Malcolm, gifted the Abthane 
lands of Monifieth to Nicolas, the son of a priest 
at Kirriemuir. About twenty years later (1242) 
Countess Maud confirmed a donation to Arbroatli, 
of lands, with a toft and croft, on the south side 
of the kirk of Monifieth, which were held by the 
Culdees, in her father's time (Reg. Vet. de Aberb.) 
A number of Sculptured Stones, which were 
found at the church of Monifieth, are now pre- 
served in the National Museum. They were first 
engraved by Mr P. Chalmers of Aldbar, and 
afterwards by the Spalding Club. Descriptions 
of the locality are given in both these works, also 
in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland, vols. 1. and ix. The engravings upon 
the opposite page (kindly lent by the Society of 
Antiquaries of Scotland), 'represent two of the 
latest discovered of these remarkable monuments. 

The church of Monifieth and its chapel, the 
latter of which was at Broughty Ferry (/«/>«, 
p. 114), are rated (Old Taxation) at 40 merks. 

Some writers affirm that a chapel, dedicated to 
Our Lady, stood in ancient times upon the Lady 
Banks, in the Tay, opposite to Monifieth. This 
would imply the existence of a population upon, 
or near that spot, which, although at a consider- 
able distance from the shore now-a-days, had 
likely been of comparatively easy access at the 
period referred to. I am told that, within the 
last twelve years, the Tay has encroached fully 
twenty feet upon the Links of Monifieth. 

"Truel Fair at the Kirk of Kinnethmont, 
and at Kirktown of Monifieth," appears under 
Oct. in the Edinburgh Prognostication for 1706, 

In 1574 the churches of Monifieth, Barry, and 
Murroes, were served by Mr Andrew Auchenleck, 
as minister ; and James Lovell was the contem- 
porary reader, or schoolmaster, at Monifieth. 

( 107 ) 







[Two Sculptured Stones at Monifieth.] 



The present church was erected in 1812-13. 
It occupies much the same site as the pre- 
vious building, which possessed considerable archi - 
tectural beauty. The bell, which is a fine toned, 
prettily moulded instrument, is adorned with two 
medallion portraits. It has also a floral ornament 
round its rim, and this inscription : — 


[Henry : I am all for truth. Jacob Sermademe, 1565.] 
From a marble monument within the church : — 

Here lyes the Body of George Dempster of 
Duuuicheu, Merchant in Dundee, who died 2d June 
1752, in the 75th Year of his Age. And also the 
Body of Margaret Rait, his Spouse, who died — 
April 1740, in the — Year of her Age. And also 
his Father, JOBN DEMPSTER, ^iwi&t&y: of this Parish, 
who died April 1710. 

— The above inscription contains some inac- 
curacies. According to the Kirk-session records, 
George Dempster and his wife were interred 
within the church of Monifieth, on 2d June 1753, 
and 9th May 1741, respectively ; while the Pres- 
bytery books show that the minister died in 1708. 

The above-named George Dempster was an 
extensive general merchant and corn -dealer in 
Dundee. He was also chamberlain or factor to 
the Countess of Panmure ; and at the time of his 
death he not only owned the barony of Dun- 
nichen, but also the estates of Newbigging, Laws, 
Omachie, Burnside, Restennet, Wester Denhead, 
Galry, Hillock, Ethiebeaton, and New Grange, 
now Letham Grange. In 1753, these properties 
yielded a gross annual rental of £9233 16s Scots, 
or £769 8s 4d sterling. 

Mr Dempster was married 19th Oct. 1699. His 
wife was a daughter of Mr Wm. Rait, minister 
of Mouikie, and laird of Pitforthy, near Brechin, 
by Margaret Teaman, a daughter of the laird 
of Dryburgh. Pitforthy came to Mrs Dempster's 
grand-father, who was minister of Dundee, and 
Principal of the College of Aberdeen, through his 
marriage with the heiress. She was a daughter 
of the last Guthrie of Pitforthy, and a niece of 
the Rev. James Guthrie of Fenwick, author of the 
Christian's Great Interest. 

Mr George Dempster took a very decided part 
in politics ; and whether owing to that circum- 
stance, or to an outburst of the populace at a time 
of dearth and scarcity, is not stated ; but it ap- 
pears that, during his absence from Dundee in 
February 1720, his premises were broken into 
and plundered by the inhabitants. This affair is 
described in the following letter, addressed by Mr 
Dempster to the Hon. Harrie Maule of Kellie : — 

" DuNDiE, 27th Febry. 1720. 
"Sir, — I am honoured w' yours of the 16th, 
signifying your simpathy in my most melanchoUy 
affliction. I seed at my Eeturue to this wicked 
Place, the Ruins of a well pleuished Hous, Shope, 
and Cellars ; and of all the hundreds that Robed me 
in a most Barbarous mauer, there is not one secured ; 
but, upon the Conterar, are incou raged by the Ma- 
gistrals, whose slackness in punishing any of them, 
hath, in place of quieting the minds of the People 
here, inraged them more than formirly, soet hat if 
there were not some souldeirs here to supress the 
Mobe, they would be up againe. I am still per- 
swaded that, if it were layed before the Parliment, 
the Town would be found layable for my damages, 
which will amount to £1000 str., Besids the loss 
of my pappers, & turning me out of all Bussiness 
here, for they are so inraged at me in this place, by 
the above incouragement, that they threaten to 
asationat me ; wherefor pray lett me have your 

The minister of Monifieth is said to have been 
descended from the Dempsters of Careston and 
Auchterless (Douglas' Baronage). A branch of 
that ancient family was designed of Pitforthy, 
near Brechin, long before that property came to 
the Guthries, above noticed. Some of the Demp- 
sters of Careston and Pitforthy were merchants 
and burgesses of Brechin at an early date. No 
fewer than three persons of the surname were 
rulers of the burgh in 1641, Robert Dempster 
being then a bailie, and Charles and James town- 

The Rev. Mr Dempster of Monifieth, who 
was one of three sons "laufuU to George Demp- 
ster, citiner of Brechin," began life as preceptor of 
the Maisondicu or Grammar School of his native 



city. He was afterwards Diinister of Brechin ; and 
on his appointment to that living, he was succeeded 
in the preceptorship by his brother James. When 
the church of Monifieth became vacant in 1675, Mr 
Dempster was translated to it from Brechin by 
his friend and patron, the Earl of Panmure. 

It was sometime before 10th July 1678, that 
Mr Dempster married Anna Maule. She was the 
widow of Mr Alex. Erskine, chamberlain to the 
Earl of Panmure, and brother to the laird of Car- 
buddo. She bore at least three sons to Mr 
Erskine, and had a numerous family by Mr 
Dempster, the eldest of whom was the above- 
named George, the first Dempster of Dunnichen 
{Documents at Panmure). Mrs Dempster died 
27th June 1722, and was buried within the church 
of Monifieth. 

In addition to the above inscription, the names 
and good deeds of the minister of Monifieth and 
his wife were recorded upon a panel, which was 
taken from the church in 1812-13. It was kept 
in an adjoining wood-yard until about 1856, 
since which time it has disappeared. Along with 
■A bold carving of the Dempster and Maule arms, 
the panel bore this inscription : — 


Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and 
the place where thine honour dwelleth. 


Mr Dempster's immediate predecessor in Moni- 
fieth was Mr John Barclay, a son of the laird 
of Johnstone in the Mearns. He was previously 
minister at Kinnaird, near Brechin, and was ad- 
mitted to Monifieth, 9th May 1649. He took the 
oath of allegiance to King Charles within the 
church of Monifieth, 5th Sept. 1662, before Sir 
Jas. Ogilvy of Newgrange, knight, and Andrew 
Gray of Hayston, sheriff-clerk of Forfarshire. 
Mr Barclay,' who was twice married, had a large 
family, and died in 1675. His son, John, followed 
his father's profession ; and a daughter, Grizel, 
who married " the tutor of Omachie's relation," 
appeared before the kirk-session in 1688. 

Before the present church was built, there was 

a monument to the memory of Mr Barclay within 
" the queer" at Monifieth. A shield, with the 
Barclay arms, and the initials, M. I. B., &c., now 
built into the gable of the church, is possibly a 
portion of that tomb. The following couplet, 
which is given by Menteith from Mr Barclay's 
monument, although inapplicable to himself, may 
possibly have reference to the condition of some 
member of his family : — 

*' Barclaium forsan culpas de coelibe vita ; 

Falleris ; uxores duxerat ille novem. 
' Of Barclay's single life if you complain, 
You err ; he had for wife the muses nine.' " 

But the most stately tomb at Monifieth was 
that of Durham of Pitkerro, who, in 1626, after 
giving 300 merks to the poor of the parish, was 
allowed to erect a burial aisle on " the north-side 
of the queer" of the kirk. This monument, along 
with that to Mr Barclay, was wantonly destroyed 
when the present kirk was built ; at which time, 
not only were the fine mouldings of the church 
allowed to be utilized, but the very tombstones 
were carried off to pave houses and shops in 
the adjoining village. This disgraceful outrage 
upon good taste and feeling was perpetrated dur- 
ing the incumbency of the Rev. Wm. Johnstone, 
author of a pamphlet upon the Decline of Piety ! 

One part of the Pitkerro tomb, consisting 
of war troi^hies, lies in the church-yard ; and 
other portions are built into the east gable of the 
kirk. High up in the same wall, a slab bears the 
following inscription, prettily cut in interlaced 
Roman capitals : — 


[In this tomb, which he caused to be constructed 
for himself and his posterity, lies Durhame of Pit- 
carro, a distinguished, pious, and good man, cashier 
to the late King James VI. of immortal memory ; 



aud whose ancestors, wbo bore the same name and 
arms, were settled in this parish in the reign of 
King Robert I., where they have occupied a dis- 
tinguished position up to the present time.] 

— The " cashier" was knighted at Dundee (Bal- 
four's Annals), " at my desyre," 21st Feb. 1651. 
The same author states that Patrick Ruthven, 
Earl of Forth, who died at Dundee, 2d Feb. 1651, 
" was interrid in Grange Durhames ile, in the 
paroche churche of Mouefeithe." It was from 
the Durhams of Pitkerro (who came to Forfarshire 
from Kirkcudbright), that the Durhams of Luff- 
ness and Largo, were descended. 

In consequence of the family affairs having be- 
come much embarrassed, Adam Durham, second 
son of Sir James Durham of Luffness, with con- 
sent of trustees, sold the estate of Pitkerro to 
James, Earl of Panmure, in 1685, for the sum of 
23,000 merks. About 1705, his Lordship resold 
Pitkerro to George Mackenzie, Esq. It now be- 
longs to Dick, Esq., whose ancestors were 

Dundee merchants. The oldest or more southern 
part of the house of Pitkerro, though much al- 
tered, was possibly built by the "cashier" of 
James YL, aud the northern or later portion, 
may have been erected by the jNIackenzies. The 
house of Pitkerro, which is well cared for by the 
present tenant, John Laing, Esq., merchant, is 
surrounded by some line old trees. 

Grange of IMonifieth also belonged to the Dur- 
hams. It will be remembered that, when on his 
way as a prisoner to Edinburgh, in 1650, the Mar- 
quis of Montrose was lodged at the house of Grange 
for the night ; and, but for the noise of a drunken 
outsider, who wanted to gain admittance, Mon- 
trose would have escaped from his guard, chiefly 
through the stratagem of Lady Durham, who had 
him attired in a suit of her own clothes. Guynd 
says that the laird of Grange is of " ane ancient 
family and chief of his name," and describes the 
place as " a good house, yards, and planting, with 
salmon fishings in the river Tay." William, the 
last Durham of Grange, sold the property about 
1702, to R. Martin, Edinburgh {Mem. by James 
Neish, Esq., of The Laws.) (v. Appx.) 

Good carvings of the Durham arms are built 

into garden walls at Monifieth ; aud a tomb- 
stone, approiDriated to the sacrilegious purpose of 
paving a workshop, presents the family arms, aud 
this in-cription : — 

I'EBERVAR . 1563 . AGED . 05 . YEARIS. 

A more modern tomb -stone lies in the same 
place. It bears representations of a sailor's com- 
pass, a ship's anchor, &c., also this inscription : — 

Here lyes under this stone, Andrew Spink, ship- 
master in Dundee, who departed this life upon the 
31st day of March 1748, aud iu the 44th year of 
his age. 

The next three inscriptions are from Hat slabs, 
upon the south-east side of the kirk-yard. The 
first presents three shields, charged with mortuary 
emblems ; also this inscription : — 


— The surname of j\Ioram or Murham, which 
still survives iu the adjoining parish of Barry, is 
one of the oldest in Angus. John of Morham 
obtained the lands of Panbride from W illiam the 
Lion ; and about 1214 he confirmed the King's 
gift of that church to the Abbey of Arbroath 
(Reg. Vet. de Aberb.) The surname was ori- 
ginally De Malherb ; but, on obtaining the lands 
of Morham, in Lothian, they assumed Morham 
as a surname (Chalmers' Caledonia.) The De 
Malherbs held the property of Ilossie, in Gowrie, 
and also gave a donation out of it to the monas- 
tery of Arbroath. 

The second slab is initialed M. I. W : I. M. 
It bears a shield charged with three boars' heads, 
for Urquhart ; also, these traces of an inscription : — 

Monumentum Ioi-iannls 

Urquhart Monufuthensis 

hoc quod Ianeta 

MoRUM charissima erigendum 

anno Christi 

MDCLXIIII anno Trigesimo Secundo 
obiit 10 Cal. lulij anno Salutis humana; 



— Since I last saw the stone with the above in- 
scription, the Rev. Mr Young has kindly had it 
laid upon its face, and on turniug it over, he has 
found traces of Hexameter verse, in which are 
the words, " ferulaiu tulit." The inscription 
ought possibly to read — 

[This monument, to the memory of John Urqu- 
HART, schoolmaster of Monifieth, who died 16th 
June 1664, in his 32d year, was erected by his 
beloved wife, Janet Morum.] 

The third stone bears much elaborate carving, 
also a shield charged with a flesher's cleaver, 
knife, and axe : — 

Here lyes Robert Lorimer husband to Christian 

Horn sometime flasher in Monifieth who 

Here lyes Ianet Finlaw, spoues to Robert Morum 
in Monifueth, who died 11th February 1G76, aged 
44. Also here lyes Christian Horn, sometime 
Spouse to Robert Lorimer, who was flesher in 
Mouefieth. She died Dec. 8, 1742, aged QQ. 

A marble tablet, within an enclosure on the 
north side of the church-yard, is thus inscribed : — 

Here lies interred the Body of James Erskine of 
Linlathen, who departed this life on the 26th of 
August 1816, at Broadstairs, Isle of Thanet, County 
of Kent, aged 28 years. 

" Thanks he to Cod which (j'lveth us the Victory 
throwjh Our Lord Jesus Christ." 

Two of his Infant Children, Ann and James- 
Katherine, are likewise interred here, and Two in 
the Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, viz. Mary 
and Katherine. 

— Uavid Erskine, advocate, father of the above- 
named James Erskine, was a cadet of the family 
of Cardross. He bought the property of Lin- 
lathen, &c., from Graham of Fintray about 1805 ; 
and married Ann, daughter of Graham of Airth. 
His younger son, Thomas Ekskine, LL.D., the 
friend of Thomas Carlyle, and author of several 
theological works, who died at Edinburgh in 
1870, aged 82, was buried at Monifieth. He was 
succeeded in Linlathen, &c., by a sister's son, 
James Paterson- Erskine, Esq., a cadet of the 
Patersons of Castle Huntly, in Gowrie. During 
the early part of the 15th century, certain portions 
of Linlathen and Craigow (Craigie), belonged to 

Fither of Spalding ; and in 1459, David Gardia 
and Janet, his spouse, had charters of the lands of 
Lunleithein, which were held in ward, on the re- 
signation of Thomas, father of David Gardin 
(MS. Notes of Scotch Cliarters at Panmure.) 

From a table-stone to the eastward of the last- 
mentioned monument : — 

Here lieth the body of Sir Edward Smith Lees, 
forty-five years Secretary to the Post Office of Ire- 
land and Scotland, and who, at Broughty Ferry, on 
the 24th of September 1846, fell asleep in Jesus. 

— This gentleman had the honour of knighthood 
conferred upon him when George IV. visited Ire- 
land in 1821. His lather, originally from Ayr- 
shire, held office under the Government in Ire- 
land, and was created a baronet in 1804. 

The next inscription is from a flat stone (en- 
closed), with a carving of the Scott arms : — 

Her lyes ane honest man called Robert Scot, 
vho dyed the 3 of December . . the 40 year of his 
age, anno Domini 16 . . 

— Scotts, waulkmillers at Balmossie, are said to 
have had a monument (now lost) at Monifieth, 
with these punning lines : — 

" On earth I loaulked for many years, 
But here I now do sleep ; 
Where I shall walk when I awake, 
To you's a mystery deep. " 

A dateless slab, within same enclosure, has tea 
initial letters down the sides, which possibly re- 
present those of the names of as many children of 
the Websters. Upon the face of the stone :— 

This stone was erected by Andrew Webster ten- 
nant in Downieken, and Barbara Scott his spouse, 
in remembrance of his deceased Grandfather and 
Grandmother, vizt. Andrew Webster and Mar- 
garet Scott his spouse. He was tennant in Om- 
achie and was both interred here. 
— These were ancestors of the AVebsters who 
bought Flemington and Meathie, the last recorded 
of whom (upon a marble slab at Monifieth), Avas 
"James Webster of Meathie and Flemington 
himself, who died 12th Feby. 1848." 
Upon a table-shaped stone :— 

Here lyes ane vertuous and honest man, called 



Iames Hill, skipper iu the Ferrie, and husband to 
Elspeth Urquhart, who departed the 29 of Decem- 
ber 1711, of age 37. Man's life on earth, (siq). p. 9. ) 

Here lyes ane virtuous woman called Matilda 
STiVEisr, spous to George Kirkcaldie, in Balgillo> 
wbo died the 8 December 1732, and of age 67. 

From a small head-stoue adjoining the grave of 
Mr W. D. Bowman, engineer, Pernambuco (son 
of Captain Bowman of 93d regiment), who died 
at Broughty Ferry in 1872, aged 55 : — 

Here lyes James Bowman, smith in Cadgertown^ 
who died December the 9th day 1753, his age 56. 
Round the margin of a table-shaped stone : — 

Here lyes Alexander Anderson, husband to 
Margaret Sturrock, some time tennant iu Kingennie, 
who died May 24, 1722, aged 66. Here also lyes 
Margaret Stctrrock, his spouse, who died Novem- 
ber 29th, 1746, aged 86. Here also lyes Iean An- 
derson, who died May 12th, 1716, aged 22. 

— The following is upon the face of the same stone. 
It will be seen that the concluding couplet of the 
epitaph embodies the same beautiful idea as iu the 
modern song of " the Angel's Whisper" : — 

Here lyes ane vertuous young woman caled 
Elizabeth Andersone, daughter to Alexander An- 
dersone and Margaret Storak, who departed the 
31 day of March 1711, and of her age 22 :— 

O my soul, the Lord prepare thee. 

When death comes here, then I must leave thee ; 

Wheu death comes here, he stays no man's leasure. 

Therefor adeu all worldly pleasure. 

But what more pleasure would I have 

Then the Lord to bring me to the grave. 

Into my grave while I lye sleeping. 

The angels have my soul iu keeping. 
— Kingennie has long been Wedderburn property. 
It still belongs to that family ; and some carved 
stones at the old house present their arms and 
initials. One is dated 1637, and another with 
the Wedderburn and Ramsay arms impaled, is 
initialed A. W. : E. R. 

The farm gear carved upon the stone, from 
whicb the next inscription is copied, and the 
blacksmiths' arms, indicative of the origin of the 
family, but more particularly a skull, and thigh- 
bones, &c., are very elaborate pieces of carving. 

Here is interred James Webster, late tenant iu 
Balmadoun, lawfull son to William Webster, tenant 
in Ethiebeaton, who died the 11th of August 1758, 
aged 30 years. Also his only child William 
Webster, who died the 1st of Nov. 1710, aged 2 
years 6 months, who was procreated by Jean Low 
his spouse. 

Margret Greig, wife of Robert Tullo, tenant iu 
Omachie, who died April 27th 1801, aged 35 years. 
Matilda Donaldson, dr. of Isobel Duncan, 
Asloody, d. in " a languishing decay," 1708, a. 17 : — 
In the cold bed Christ dearest saints must ly, 
Till they be wakened by the angel's cry ; — 
The bed is cold, the dust lys here cousum'd, 
But Christ in grave did ly, and he the grave per- 

Their souls dislodg'd, to mansions bright do soar, 
Where Christ is gone to keep an open door ; 
The clog of earth must stay a while behind — 
No guest for Christ till thus it be refin'd. 
— Arsludie, now Ashludie, formed part of the 
estate of Grange of Monifieth, and was occupied 
in 1692 by John Durhame, " whose house was 
burned in the nicht, and he in it" (^Session 7ie- 
cords, per J. Neish, Esq.) Ashludie belonged to 
the Ramsays of Bamff from about the beginning 
of the present century. It was bought from that 
family in 186- by Alex. Gordon, Esq., mill- 
si^inner, Arbroath, who has erected a mansion 
house upon the property. 

Alex. Paterson, Cotton, Arsludie, hbd. to Marg. 
Brown, d. 1784, a. 66 :— 

All men live in the same death power, 
Who seised my beloved man hour ; 
One word to me he could not speak, 
Though Hoods of tears ran down his cheek. 
David, sou to John Cairncross, mercht., Moni- 
fieth, and Agnes Henderson, d. 1744, a. 3 m. : — 
Here lyes a hermles bab. 
Who only came and cryed 
In baptism to be washed, 
And in three months old he deyed. 
Silvester Steven, d. 1734, a. 20 : — 
Life's everlasting gates 
For ever had been shott, 
Had not the death of Christ 
Them pulled up. 



Since the previous sheet was printed, 1 have re- 
ceived a full copy of the inscription from the 
tombstone of Mr Urquhart at Monifieth (par- 
tially printed on p. 110), which the Rev. Mr 
Young has succeeded in deciphering sooner than 
he anticipated, the turning over of the slab upon 
its face, which was suggested by the Earl of Dal- 
housie, having had the effect of completely clear- 
ing the stone. The inscription, was probably 
composed by the Mr Barclay who (sup., p. 109), 
" had for wife the muses nine." 

It will be remembered that Orbilius, referred to 
in the epitaph, was tutor to Horace, and so noted 
for his severity that his pupil calls him " flagosus." 
Mr Young suggests that, as the Poet had watery 
eyes, Orbilius " perhaps thrashed Horaces© much 
in his youth that watery eyes became chronic 
with him." The Corycian crocus, which was a 
famous and much esteemed perfume, is alluded 
to by Horace in Sat. iv., line 68. The inscription 
is as follows : — 

Monumentum Mr Johannis Urquhart, Paroe- 
chi« Monufuthensis moderatoris fidelissimi, quod 
Janeta Morum, coujunx amautissima, erigendum 
ouravit. Obiit 16 Oal. Julij anuo salutis humana; 
MDCLXIIII, anuo Trigesimo Secundo. 

Siste, Viator ! proh ! jacet hac Urqvhaet' in urna 

Ingenuus, sceptrum qui ferulamque tulit. 

Non erat Orbilius pueris, ast instar amantis 
Nutricis, tribuens ubera blanda labris. 

Mauibus inferias igitur tu fundito vota 
C'orycium spiret quae tegit urna crocum. 

[The monument of Mr John Urquhart, a most 
faithful teacher of the Parish of" Monifieth, which 
his most loving wife, Jaxet Morum, caused to be 
erected. He died IGth June, lGti4, in his 32nd 

Stop, Traveller ! in this tomb, alas ! lies gifted 
Urquhart, who swayed the sceptre of scholastic 
rule. To children no Orbilius was he, but like a 
loving nurse, he fed their infant minds with tender 
care. As offering to his manes, then, pour out a 
fervent prayer that from the tomb that covers him 
the fragrance of the Corycian crocus forth may 
breathe. ] 

— Mr Urquhart, who appears to have taken his 
degree of A.M. at King's College, Aberdeen, in 

1618 {Fasti Abd., p. 469), was married to Janet 
Moram at Monifieth, on the 24th of October 1656, 
and by her he had two sous, William and John, 
and a daughter Margaret. The last recorded was 
born in 1662, and the baptism of the first-named, 
in 1657, was witnessed by Wm. Durhame elder, 
and Wm. Durhame, younger of Grange. 

These particulars have been kindly furnished 
from the Parish Registers in the possession of the 
Registrar-General at Edinburgh, together with 
the minute relative to the appointment of Mr 
Urquhart to the office of parish teacher of Moni- 
fieth. As the minute presents some points of pecu- 
liar interest, not only to the local, but also to the 
general reader, it is given in full : — 

"At Monifuithe Febi'. sixt 1653 yeares. 
" Which day the heretores & sessione of Moni- 
fuith being conveened for ye electing of a School- 
master to ye fors"!. parish e & for setling of a pro- 
visione vnto him, after publick intimOue had beene 
made two severall Lords days out of pulpit that 
non might pretend ignorance, all who were present 
did declare yt in yre judgement Mr Johne Wrquhard 
was fittest to be yre Schoolemaster, who, after he 
had presented his testimonials (on qreof uas from 
ye Masters of ye Colledg of Old Abd. where he was 
educated & made master, the other fromye minister 
in Barrie in whose parishe he had resided since his 
coming frome Abd.) after yt they wer read was 
elected to be Schoolmr to sett the psalmes & to be 
clerk to ye Sessione ; and for ye maiutainance of ye 
sd Mr Johne it was agried vpone by these heretores 
who wer present at his electione & the sessione 
fors'l. That euerie ploughe within the parishe 
should pay two markes zeirlie vnto him, the one 
halfe yreof was to be given presentlie vnto him, 
the other halfe at the first of August nixt, & in all 
tymes coming at two termes in ye zeir Candlemas 
& Lambm'as, everie ploughe thirteenth shilling four 
pennies ; the number of the ploughes extending to 
fourtie & seven were given vp as foUowes, Moni- 
fuithe two ploughes, Burnsyd & Barnhill foure 
ploughes, Balmossie thrie ploughes, the milles of 
Balmossie on ploughe. Forth on ploughe, Bal- 
giilo foure ploughes, the mill of Balgillo halfe ane 
ploughe, Lumlethum six ploughes, EflSbetoune 
six ploughes, Grange six ploughes, Ardounie two 
ploughes, Laws two, Pidditie & Arsludie thrie 




ploughes, Kingenuie two ploughes, Legsland ane 
j)lougbe & ane lialfe, Finrack two plouglies, 
Oraacliie thrie plotiglies. The minister did pro- 
mise to pay foure merkes zearlie during the tyme 
of his miuistrie, & the enjoying of his stipend 
at the 8*1 kirk. Further it was agried vnto yt 
everie gentleman's chyld should give threttie 
shillings in ye qrter, euerie husbandmans chyld 
twentie shillings, if he be able to pay it ; these 
who are lesse able, thrcttin shilling foure 
pennies in the qrter. Further, it was agried 
vnto yt persones of good qualitie & rank & who 
were able, should give tuentie foure shillings Scots 
at yre marriage or proclama"ne, qi'cof the Schoolm'' 
is to have eighteenth shilling and the beddel six 
shilling. These y* are of meaner qualitie or lesse 
able to pay, twelfe shillings at yre proclamaOne or 
marriage. Strangers uho live without the parishe 
desyring the benefit of a burial place in the kirkzard 
of Monifuithe were oppointed to pay to the 
Schoolemi' twentie shilling besyde that which is 
due to the beddell for ye graue making. Twelfe 
shillings was appointed to be given at ye baptisme 
of everie chyld, eight shilling qreof to be given 
to ye Schoolemr, Further it was agried vpone 
yt the nixt summer there should be a schoole 
builded wt. a chamber to ye School mn as 
neere the mids of the parishe as could be con- 
venieutlie vpon the charges of ye parishioners, the 
particular place for building of ye schoole to be 
made choise of and condescended vpone by the 
greater part of the voices of ye heretores & vther 
persones having interest therinto, & that the 
scholler's parents or others who hes neerest in- 
terest in them shall bring in ye sumer seasone 
peets, coales, or truffes to the Schoole for ye vse 
of ye Schoolemi' and bairnes in ye winter seasone, 
& yt proportionallie according to yre rank & condione. 
Furthei'it was agried vpone that ye Schoolem'' should 
have libertie to remove at auie Candlemas or Lamb- 
mas heirafter, provyding he intimate the same to 
ye sessione fourtie dayes befor his removall. It 
is agried vpone & inacted by the heretores & 
sessione that all heretores residing w'in the parishe 
& all husbandmen & labourers of the lands do sett 
yre hand to this present act obliedgeing heirby 
themselfcs to ye fulfilling of thir premisses. 

A double lifcirof was given to Mr Johne Wrqu- 
hard for his suretie subscribed be James Lord 

Couper, William Durhame elder of Gi-ange, Alex. 
Wedderburn of Kingennie, Michael Ramsay of 
Forth, James Durhame of Ardounie, heretores ; Mr 
John Barclay, Minister^ Hew Maxwell, Hendrie 
Dog, William Mill, James Nicoll, elders, & other 
elders & deacons who could not subscribe gave 
yre consent thervnto. 

The " Temple Lands," a name which almost 
invariably implies an ownership on the jsart of 
the Knights' Templars, are in the neighbourhood 
of Drumsturdy Muir. 

Besides the parish church of Monifieth, and the 
chapel of Broughty Ferry, there were, at least, 
three other places of worship within the parish in 
old times. One of these, dedicated to S. Bridget, 
stood at Kingennie ; a second, known as " Chapel 
Dockie,^^ which is a probable corruption of the 
name of S. Murdoch, was situated upon the 
lands of Ethie-Beatou ; and the third, called 
Ecclesmonichtie, was upon the banksof the Dichty, 
near Panmure Bleachfield. 

It has been conjectured by Bishop Forbes 
(Kalendars of Scottish Saints), that S. ]M*Uren, 
the daughter of Iluugua and Fiuchen, King and 
Queen of the Picts, v?as born at Ecclesmonichtie. 
The site is still marked by the Lady Tree ; and, 
according to the Chronicle of the Picts, Fincheu 
gave Moneclatu (Monichtie), the place where S. 
J\J UREN was born, to God, and to the chm-ch of 
St Andrews. The kirk of Ecclesmonichtie was 
probably dedicated to Our Lady. 

Although there is now no hamlet— not even a 
cottage, at Ecclesmouichty — and the site is known 
chiefly to those who have a taste for archaeological 
pursuits, "the towns and lands of Egglismonich- 
tie," in the regality of Kirriemuir, are particularly 
specified in a charter granted to James Lovell of 
Ballunibie, by the Earl of Angus, at Cupar-Fife, 
27th Oct. 1619 {Writs at Panmure.) 

Tliis charter also conveys to Lovell the lands 
of Murrois, Carmoatie, and Labothie, with the 
mill and mill lands of the same, in the barony of 
Inverarity ; the lands of West Ferry, with the 



salmou-fishings, called " lie Westcrukis et Ferry- 
duris," in the barouy of Dundee ; also the lands 
and mills of Balmossie ; the lands of Monifieth 
and Jnstingleyis, with cunnielairs ; the Links, 
and salmon-fishings in the Tay, together with 
Barnhill, Balclochar, Bracq^uhan, and Lie Camp ; 
lands to the west of the pont or boat of Moni- 
fieth, the salmon-fishings of Polmonichtie, which 
are described as adjoining the said pont and a 
place called the Blackcraig, all situated within 
the regality of Kirriemuir. 

But the concentric walls upon the hill of Laws, 
or " Lawyes of Easter Athy," are probably not 
only the most ancient objects in the parish, but 
among the most remarkable of their kind in Scot- 
land. The hill, which is about two miles north 
from the parish church, is about 500 feet in 
height, and the summit, which is oval-shaped, 
measures about 500 feet from east to west by 
about 200 feet in breadth. 

So far as seen, the walls show a series of con- 
centric and converging chambers, constructed of 
rude undressed stones. Many of the stones are 
of great size, and traces of vitrification run 
through the work. Stone cists containing 
skeletons, and relics of stone and iron have been 
found in the course of excavations ; also the bones 
of animals, and quantities of charred barley. 
This curious work is described in an interesting 
paper by Jas. Neish, Esq., F.S.A. Scot., pro- 
prietor of Laws, accompanied by plans, in 
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, vol. iii. 

The plan of the work at Laws presents a re- 
semblance to the jjaJis of New Zealand ; and, in 
all probability, it had been an abode of "our 
ancient forefathers"— possibly a township during 
the Pictish period. When the late Dr Joseph 
Robertson visited this remarkable structure, he 
felicitously described it as " the Dundee of the 
ninth century !" 

At Cairn Greg, to the north of Linlathen, a 
stone cist was lately found. It contained an urn 
and a spear-head of bronze; and the more in- 
teresting object of the symbol of the elephant, so 
i-eculiar to the ancient sculptured stones, was 

found carved upon a fragment between the covers 
of the cist. 

The greater part of the district, including the 
thanedom of Monifieth, belonged to the Maormors, 
or Celtic Earls of Angus, in early times. At a 
later date, the lands of Athy were owned by Sir 
David of Beaton, who was Sheriff of Angus under 
Edward I. ; and from that knight the property 
acquired its present name of Ethie- Beaton (u. 
Memorials of Angus and Mearns.) Monijieth was 
a surname about 1310, as in that year Michael 
DE MoNiFOTH was hereditary lord of the Abtheiu 
lauds thereof. 


p?V0«Oltt\|, or l]m\\\ $,txx\s, 

(S. ) . 

THIS place, like the village upon the opposite 
shore of the Tay, was called Portincraig in 
old times. It is of considerable antiquity; and, 
prior to the foundation of the Abbey at Arbroath, 
Gillebryd, Earl of Angus, contemplated the erec- 
tion of an Hospital at Broughty Ferry. 

From earliest record, the chapel of Broughty 
Ferry has been dependent upon the church of 
Monifieth. The old church stood near the middle 
of the church -yard ; but no trace of it exists. 
In consequence of the rapid increase of the po- 
pulation of Broughty Ferry, handsome churches 
have been erected in it by almost every denomi- 
nation of Christians. 

A Chapel of Ease, in connection with the 
Established Church, was built about 1826. Ten 
years later, the district was formed into a quoad 
sacra parish, and sanctioned as such in 1838. 

The old burial-place (recently closed against 
interments) is of small area, and situated close 
to the river Tay. The oldest tomb-stone is 
dated 1C89, and initialed I. B : I. L. A fragment 
in the north wall, slightly ornamented, shows 
these traces of lettering: — 

RET «& lEAN 

THE 29 OE MAY THE , , . , 




A small head-stone, witli a blacksmith's crown 
and hammer, initialed T. S : I. W., bears : — 

Here lyes Thomas Smith, husband to Isobel 
Weles, who dwelt in the Ferrie, who departed the 
— day of lanuarie 1712, and of his age 28. 

Margaret Ross, wf. of John Kid, shipmr. in 
North Ferry, d. 1785, a. 45 :— 

Now she for whom this gravestone's placed 

Was in virtue ever steady ; 
When asked a reason of her hope. 

Had ay an answer ready. 
Tho' silent and forgotten here. 
She mouldei's with the clod, 
The day will dawn, a voice she'll hear 
Say, Come and meet your God. 
Janet Webster, wf. of David Liddell, shipmr., 
d. 1801 :— 

Justice and truth, even from youth, 

Adorn'd her deportment ; 
Never revenging, nor exchanging 

Evil for evil treatment. 
Tender dealing, without failing. 

Was everly her aim ; 
Even to those, who were her foes, 

Beneficent and plain. 
She had to give, while she did live. 

The sample of a mind ; 
Ever rejecting, but never respecting, 
Resentment of any kind. 
George Caithness, shipm., N. Ferry, d. Feb., a. 
71, his wf., Agnes Lyell, d. Mar., a. G9, 1801 : — 
They were a couple good without pretence, 
Bless'd with plain reason, and with sober sense ; 
Pride to them unknown, while they drew breath, 
Lovely in their lives, undivided in their death. 

From a pillar, with urn on top : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Kid, late ship- 
master, Dundee, who died the 15th April 1800, 
aged 61 years. Cura pii diis sunt : — 

This life he steer'd by land and sea 

With honesty and skill. 
And, calmly, suffer'd blast, and storm 

Unconscious of ill. 
This voyage now finish'd, he's unrigg'd 

And laid in dry-dock Urn ; 
Preparing for the grand fleet trip, 
And Commodore's return. 

Besides a new cemetery at Barnhill, an older 
burying-place surrounds the quoad sacra church 
at Broughty Ferry. The latter contains se- 
veral monuments, cue of which, an obelisk of 
Peterhead gTauite, bears this inscription : — 

In memory of 

Thomas Dick, LL.D,, 

Author of The Christian Philosopher, &c. 

Born 1774 ; Died 1857. 

— Dr Dick, who was born in Bucklemaker Wynd, 
Dundee, was at first a preacher in the Scottish 
Secession Church, but afterwards becamea teacher 
and lecturer, and ultimately adopted literature as 
a profession, A few years before his death, the 
Queen was pleased to confer a pension upon Dr 
Dick, in recognition of his literary labours. 

Besides the elegant modern churches before re- 
ferred to, and the many costly villa-residences 
which have been erected in and around the town 
of Broughty Ferry by Dundee merchants and 
others, Broughty Castle and the old military fort 
upon the hill or law of Balgillo are both objects of 
antiquarian interest. 

The Castle, which has a commanding position 
upon a rock, near the mouth of the Tay, has been 
called " the Gibraltar of Forfarshire." It was 
given to the Earl of Crawford, when he was 
created Duke of Montrose in 1488 (Lives of the 
Lindsays) ; and the property of Balgillo was gifted 
by King Robert the Bruce, to Patrick, his chief 
physician (Mem. of Angus and Mearns.) 


J^ BOUT 1199-1207, the church of Afford was 
^Ss given by Gillechrist, Earl of Mar, to the 
Priory of Monymusk. The gift was afterwards 
confirmed to Monymusk by Pope Innocent and 
some of his successors. 



The church is rated at 18 marks in the Old 
Taxation. In 1574 it was served by one minister, 
along with three neighbouring churches. John 
Paton was then reader at Alford. 

The bell, which appears to bear an inscription 
similar to that at Durris (sup., p. 104), was re-cast 
in 1761, by John JNIowat, Old Aberdeen, at a 
cost of £9 6s sterling, less £3 12s 2d for the old 
instrument and the iron work. 

The former church bore the date of 1603 ; and 
the following is upon the west end of the present 
building : — 

BUILT A.D. 1804; ENLARGED A.D. 1826. 

A marble tablet within the church bears : — 

The late Mr Joseph Taylor of London, a native 
of this parish of Alford, left, in 1816, to the Poor 
here, £100 sterling, and desired this inscription to 
be put up as an example to others. 

The following inscription, kindly communicated 
by the late Rev. Dr Gillau of Alford, is from a 
slab below the pulpit : — 

H. I. GuLiELMUS Badenoch, A.m., Eccles. Cor- 
tacheusis in Com. Angus XII an., hujus autem 
EccliiB VIII an. Pastor, qui vitam LVIIl an™, 
explevit V die Feb. M.D.C.C.XLVI. Virtutis 
amans & veritatis, fidem quam docuit Christianam 
factis probavit et charitatem. Dorothea etiam, 
filia unica, gaudium breve VIII mensium, qua; ob. 
XXVI Mar. M.D.C.C.XLII. Conjugi, quocum 
feliciter vixit VI an., et filiolaj ab ubere rapta; 
Barbara Forbes hoc monumentum non sine lachry- 
mis posuit. 

[Here lies William Badenoch, A.M., minister 
of the church of Cortachy in the county of Angus 
for 12 years, and of this church for 8 years, who 
closed a life of 58 years, Feb. 5, 1746. A lover of 
virtue and truth, he exemplified in his life the 
Christian faith and charity which he inculcated. 
Here also lies Dorothy, his only daughter, a brief 
8 months' delight, who died March 26, 1742. To 
her husband, with whom she lived happily for 6 
years, and to her little daughter, torn from her 
breast, Barbara Forbes, not without tears, erected 
this monument.] 

— There is an inscription at Cortachy to the 
memory of Ann Farquharsou, Mr Badenoch's 
first wife. 

Fragments of a monument, which stood within 
the old church, are preserved at the west end of 
the present building. These consist of a skeleton 
and three human figures, all rudely carved. The 
skeleton, which is upon the base of the monument, 
lies in a horizontal position, and a nude, winged 
figure is upon the top. Two clothed figures, 
which fiank the inscription-panel, have scrolls 
upon their garments, which are respectively in- 
scribed— Fertre Deum (fear God), and Nosce te 
ipsum (know thyself.) The panel bears : — 
Within this isle inter\l behind these stones, 
Are liious, wise, good Mary Forbes' bones; 
To Balfluig daughter, and of blameless life. 
To Mr Gordon, Pastor here, the wife. 

Expiravit Apr: 27, A.D. 1728, JEt. suce 46. 
— Mr Gordon, who was Professor of Divinity in 
King's College, Aberdeen, before he came to Al- 
ford, was translated to Alloa in 1736, where he 
died about 1750. He wrote notices of some of the 
parishes in Aberdeenshire. Being the first Pres- 
byterian minister at Alford, and, as is said, of a 
haughty disposition, he was called The Bishop. 

His wife was probably born in the Castle of Bal- 
fluig, a considerable part of which still remains, 
with the date of 1556 over the entrance door. The 
first Forbes of Balfluig was John, fourth son of 
Forbes of Corsindae. John Forbes, who sold the 
estates in 1753, is said to have gone to Rotterdam. 

A head-stone (upon the south side of the kirk)^ 
bears a shield, charged with the Forbes arms, also 
this inscription : — 

Here lyetli Mary Moreson, laful spouse to John 
Forbes in Mains of Balfluig, uho dyed the 30 Jan. 
Here lyes J : Forbes, who died in Kinstair, 
Jany. 11, 1751. 

The next four inscriptions are from an enclosure 
on the south side of the church. The first is from 
a panel built into the church wall, and the others 
are from coffin-slabs, or Templar tombs of free- 
stone, each of which has an ornamental cross upon 
the top : — 


John Farquharson, Esquire of Haughton, in- 
closed this burying ground for himself and family, 




>^ Here restetli the body of Iohn Farquhaeson, 
Esf|iure, who departed xiv May m :D :ccc:liv, aged 
Lxxvi years. 

4- Here resteth the body of Mary-Anne, wife 
of lohu Farquharsou, Esq. , who departed the xviii 
Oct. M : D : ccc : Li, aged LXIV. 

►f- Here lyeth the body of Andrew Farqukar- 
soN, Esq., of the xxxviii Bengal Light Infantry, 
son of Iohn Farquharsou, Esq., died viii No\'. 
M : D : ccc : XLix, aged xxxi. Haughton. 

— The first Farquharsou of Haughton was " John 
Farquharsou in Breda," who bought the lands of 
Over and Nether Haughton, and others, with 
salmon fishings on the Don, from William Reid, 
in 1721-22. These he conveyed to his eldest son, 
John, in 1730, on whose death, in 17-J:5-G, his 
second brother, Francis Farquharsou, accountant 
in Edinburgh, served himself heir to the property. 

In 1750, Mr Farquharsou acquired the superi- 
ority of the aforesaid lands from John Forbes of 
Alford ; and in 1753, he bought from the same 
gentleman the lauds of Archballoch, IMorescroft, 
Gamphrey's croft, and the lands and barony of 
Alford, which comprehended Balfluig and Well- 
house, &c. It is the last-named ]\Ir Farquharsou 
■who is spoken of by the celebrated Sir William 
Forbes of Pitsligo as his own and his mother's 
best and earliest friend. 

Mr Farquharsou, who died 28th Feb. 1767, 
married Grizle Strachan. Leaving no issue, he 
conveyed his estates to his nephew, Alexander 
Ogilvie, eldest son of the Rev. Mr Ogilvie of 
Rhynie, Mr F.'s nephew, who assumed the sur- 
name of Farquharson, married Miss Mary Hay ; 
and, dying in 1787, was succeeded by his son, 
Francis, who was also an accountant in Edin- 

It was the last-named laird who added Brainley 
in 1794, also Little Endovie, and Kinstair in 1800, 
to the Haughton estates. He died in 1808, and 
was succeeded by his brother John, who made out 
the family burial-place at Alford, The last-men- 
tioned, who married Mary-Anne, a daughter of 

Sir Archibald Grant of Monymusk, Bart., and 
died in 1854, bad a numerous family, of whom 
the present laird (who has courteously supplied a 
note of the above particulars of his family) is the 
fifth and youngest son. He married a daughter 
of Gen. Sir Alex. Leith of Freefield and Glen- 
kiudie, and has issue. 

The House of Haughton, which is pleasantly 
situated upon the south side of the Don, was 
erected in 1791 by Mr Francis Farquharsou. It 
has lately received extensive additions and im- 
provements, and was visited a few years ago by 
Her Majesty the Queen. 

The Farquharsons of Haughton are said to have 
sprung from the Cumins of Altyre (Douglas' 
Baronage.) The present laird bears the Cumin 
garbs, along with his maternal and paternal coats. 

A granite tablet, built into the south wall of 
the church, bears this inscription : — 

In memoriam Joannis Davidson de Tillychetly, 
qui obiit 31° Mar. 1802, retat. Gl, ejusque conjugis 
Ann^ Farquharson, et libcrorum Henrici, Jo- 
annis, Jacobi, Alexandri, Olivarii, et Jan^, 
qui omnes adhuc adolescen. obierunt, et cum patre 
hie i-equiescuut ; tilii etiam Caroli, qui in insula 
Grenada medicinam exercens decessit ccelebs, A.D. 
1804, ;etat. 30. Posuit hoc marmor solus diet, 
liberorum superstes Duncanus Davidson de Tilly- 
chetly, 1845. Duncan Davidson of Tillychetly & 
luchmarlo, died 8th Decemr. 1849, iu the 77th year 
of his age, and lies interred iu the church-yard of 
Banchory. 1850. 

[To the memory of John Davidson of Tillychetly, 
who died 31st March 1802, iu the Gist year of his 
age ; and of his wife Ann Farquharson, and of 
his children, Henrv, John, J^ijmes, Alexander, 
Oliver, and Jane, who all died young, and rest 
here with their father ; also of his son Charles ; 
who died, unmarried, iu the island of Grenada, 
where he was practising as a physician, in 1804, in 
the 30th year of his age. Duncan Davidson of 
Tillychetly, the sole survivor of the children of the 
aforesaid, erected this monument. ] 

— The ancestors of the Davidsons of Tillychetly, 
luchmarlo, and Desswood lie at Tarland, where a 
flat stone, with a curious inscription, marks the 



spot. Mr Duncan Davidson (siqn-a, p. 4), was 
an advocate in Aberdeen. A daughter of the 
present laird of Inchmarlo is the lady of Sir Fran- 
cis Outram, whose father distinguished himself so 
greatly in India that, among other honours, he 
was created a baronet. He married a daughter 
of James Anderson, Esq., corn-merchant, Brechin, 
by whom he had his successor in the title. 

In 1696, and for sometime afterwards, the pro- 
perties of Tillychetly and Carnaveron belonged 
to a branch of the Gariochs of Kinstair. The 
above-named John Davidson bought Tillychetly 
from Gariochs ; and, according to Tradition, 
Carnaveron was given in dowry with an illegi- 
timate daughter of a laird of Craigievar, who 
married a person named Stewart. However this 
may be, the Barony Court Books of Craigievar 
(M.S., 1707-66), shew that a Duncan Stewart in 
Norham was bailie of the Court in 1723 ; also 
that in 1729, the same person is designed 
" Duncan Stewart o/Carnavern." Duncan's last 
appearance as bailie is upon 5th June 1732 ; and 
in 1735, James, "sou of Duncan Stewart of Car- 
naveron" held the same ofSce. 

It is interesting to find that the same authority 
confirms the tradition (infra, p. 174), of the 
Stewarts having borne the name oi AllanacJt, for, 
it appears that in 1724, when Duncan Stewart 
in Norbara paid his own rent, he also paid 15s. 
Scots " for Peter Alanach Ms hrotlier his part of 
a custom wedder for Whitsunday 1725." 

The above-mentioned were ancestors of the 
Rev. Patrick Stewart of Kinneff {q.v.), who was 
sometime laird of Carnaveron. He had a family 
of sons and daughters ; and the property now be- 
longs to the descendants of one of the daughters. 
She married a medical practitioner of the name of 
Stewart, and went abroad. 

Upon a broken table-shaped stone on west side 
of Haughton enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Revd. Alexander 
Johnston, late minister of the Gospel at Alford, 
who died the 2d of March 1778. Margaret SyME, 
his spouse, who died the 16th September 1802. 

— Mr Johnston was ordained minister of Alford 
in 1746, and in 1751 he married Margaret, 

daughter of the Rev. Walter Syme of Tullynessle. 
Mrs Johnston's elder brother, Mr James Syme, 
minister of Alloa, married Mary, eldest sister of 
Dr Wm. Robertson, the historian, by whom he 
left an only daughter, who became the mother of 
Lord Brougham. 

The next inscriptions are from various parts of 
the kirk- yard to the west of the west walk : — 

Here lys below this stons, 

Pious, wirtus, Iean AVisharts bons, 

Wife to John Bain 

Some time in Bridgend* [*prou. Brhjaln. 

Of Knockaudoch. 

All that was dicent & descret, 

Did in her parts & in her person meet ; 

She mead apper thro hir wnbilemeshd life, 

The tender & the loving wife, 
Who departed this life the 4 day of Febry, 1759, 
aged 42 years. 

A flat stone is adorned with a nude figure stand- 
ing upon a globe : it bears a sandglass in the right 
hand, a scythe in the left, and a libel issuing from, 
the mouth is inscribed— F/t-e hie memor mortis. 
Below the figure is this inscription :— 

Here lies Jean Connan, who departed life April 
5, 1751, aged 73 : — 

Expect, but fear not Death, Death has not power, 
To cut the threed, till Time point out the hour, 
Death's patent's void, till Time set to his seal, 
From whose joint sentence there is no appeal. 
Hold Death in mind, hold Time in high esteem, 
Time lost since thou cannot recall, redeem, 
Waste not thy Time in vain on trivial things, 
On Time the chain of thy Salvation hines. 

From one of several tomb-stones, belongiug to 
a family named Benton : — 

Here lies Barbra Bruce, spouse to Wm. Benton, 
farmer at Mickle Endovie, who died Nov. 17SS, 
aged 50 .... . 

The next three inscriptions are on the east side 
of the church-yard. The first is upon a flat slab : 

Alexr. Thomson, farmer in Mains of BalUmcre 
lies here interrd. He died May 2, 1767, aged about 
80 years. He was a dutiful husband, an affectionate 
parent, an obliging neighbour, & kind & affable 
■even to the poorest. Jean Gairdne, his relict 



•who lived comeudably with him uear 50 years, has 
purcliasecl this stoue to his memory, not without 
grief iudeed ; but considers that tis most certain 
all must die. 
Upon a plain head-stone : — 

Here lys Iean Aitken, lawfuU daughter to 
George Aitkeu in Hoodhouse of Alfoord, aged three 
years, dyed May 17, 1724. 

— The " Hoodhouse" or Headhouse, is an old 
term for an inn or hostelry. The Headhouse was 
generally situated near the parish kirk, as were 
those of Alford and Clatt. 

A mausoleum upon the estate of Breda, near 
the Don, is surrounded by a cluster of trees. It 
was prepared for, and withiu it was buried, the 
first I\Ir Farquharson of Breda. He was a son of 
the laird of Cluny in Braemar, who was familiarly 
known as " the muckle factor of Invercauld." 
The factor sold Cluny to Invercauld ; and his son, 
having made money in the West ludies as a sur- 
geon, bought Breda from a sister of Mackenzie of 
Seaforth. Dr Farquharson's wife, by whom he 
had no issue, was a daughter of Mr Robertson, 
portrait painter, Edinburgh. After a lengthened 
litigation, the late Mr Robert Farquharson, some- 
time provost of Paisley, and a thread manufac- 
turer there, succeeded to Breda {infra, p. 283). 

Several objects of antiquarian interest have 
been discovered in the parish of Alford. I'hese 
consist of ancient dwellings, flint-arrow heads, 
stoue axes, aud bronze weapons. A stone mould, 
probably for metal castings, now in the National 
Museum, was found upon the farm of Dorzel ({'. 
Proceed. So. Antiq. of Scotd., vol. iv. ; O. aud 
N. Stat. Accts.) 

The Battle of Alford, which was fouglit be- 
tween the Covenanters aud the Marquis of Mon- 
trose, 2d July, 1645, is supposed to have taken 
place to the north-west. of the village of Alford. 
The Covenanters were defeated on that occasion ; 
and Montrose lost George, Lord Gordon, Mowat 
of Balquholly, and Ogilvy of Milton of Keith. 
Lord Gordon was " buried in the cathcdrall 
church of the Old Toun of Aberdeen, hard by 
his mother." The other two officers are said to 

lie at Alford. The Battle of Alford is celebrated 
in a ballad of that name ; as is also the Chase of 
Callivar, which refers to a local superstition (v. 
Laing's Thistle of Scotland, and Repertory of 
Scottish Ballads, Abd., 1823-34.) , 

The Earl of Mar possessed the greater part of 
Alford at an early date, and granted certain lands 
there to William of Rossy, 1418. 

Parts of Kinstair and Endovie were acquired 
by Lord Forbes from the widow of James of 
Garviach about 1467. These were possibly the 
first lands which the Forbes' possessed in Alford. 

William Garioche of Tillychetlie, and George, 
portioner of Kinstair, were at the meeting of tt>e 
heritors and others in 1C33-4, when an obligation 
was entered into " for the constant provisione of 
ane schoole at the kirk of Alfoord." The last- 
named subscribed the deed with his " hand at the 
pen ledd l)e the notar," because he " could nott 
writ." The surname of Garioch or Gerrie is 
still common in the district. Sometimes it takes 
the odd form of Heriegerrle. It is evidently of 
territorial origin, and had been assumed from the 
well-known district of The Garioch. 

On the 30th of September 1720, the laird of 
Balfluig left an annual sum of £2 sterling for the 
benefit of the parish school-master ; and the late 
incumbent, the Rev. Mr M'Connach,* in order 
to testify his gratitude for the donation, had a 
portrait of Balfluig painted for the schoolroom. 
'I'his was done by the late John Philip, R.A., 
while Philip and his friend Stirling were painting 
studies, in the schoolroom of Alford, during the 
vacation of 1854, for their respective pictures of 
The Collecting of the Offering, and The Sermon 
{sup., p. 19.) 

* This W'Orthy man (Infra, p. 281), who was 
nearly 50 years parochial teaeher of Alford, had a 
favourite dog, which died in 1870. It was buried 
within its master's garden at Crobhlar, wdiere the 
following epitaph, upon a brass plate, is fixed to a 
fme old lir : — 

To mp favourite Dog, Forres. 
Almost imbued with human mind, 
Throughout life faithful, true, and kind ; 
JicMieath this verdant fir-tree's shade, 
My good Dog, Foeres, now 'S laid. 
IGth May 1870. 



The principal bridge in the parish crosses the 
Don about two miles above the Alford Railway- 
Station. It consists of three arches, and was 
built in 1811. A wire bridge, dated 1869, crosses 
the Don near Montgerrie. 

Mr George Melvill, who was minister at Alford, 
1668-79, built and endowed the bridge over the 
Burn of Leochel. He also founded three bur- 
saries at Bang's College, Aberdeen, and gave a 
gran t towards the building of the Bridge of Dye, 
in Straclian (supra, p. 31.) 

A considerable village has arisen at Alford 
since the opening of the branch line of railway ; 
and important monthly markets are now held 
there. The Village contains a good inn, some 
neat houses, and shops ; also handsome Episco- 
pal, and Free Churches. 



IF^HE chm-ch of Muraus, with its chapel, were 
cA. given to the Abbey of Arbroath, by Gilchrist, 
Earl of Angus, 1211-14. The church belonged 
to the diocese of St Andrews, and is rated at 20 
merks in the Old Taxation. 

The chapel stood in the den, to the south-east 
of the House of Ballumbie, where the site is still 
shewn. In 1574, the church of Ballumbie was 
served by Mr Cristeson, minister at Dundee, and 
that of Murroes by Mr Auchinleck of Monifieth. 
William Oliver was the name of the contemporary- 
reader at Murroes. He was probably descended 
from David Olifer, who (Reg. Aberb.), was de- 
signed of Gagie in 1457. It is also recorded in 
1574, that " Ballumby neidis na reidare." The 
parishes were probably united about the close 
of the 16th century, since Henry Duncan, who 
was minister at Ballumbie, and having Murroes 
also in charge, removed to the latter (Scott's 
Fasti) about 1590. 

It appears from a dispute which arose iu IMr 

Edward's time regarding the teinds of Ballumbie, 
that 40s. were paid " for evrie pleughe" upon 
the two Powries, the two Gagies, Westhall, and 
Brichtie ; and as Mr Edward could see " no 
reason hou Balumbie can be exempted from pay- 
ing vicarage, according as the rest of the pleughes 
of the parioche," he closes his note of "Informa- 
tion" upon the subject by stating, that 
"seavin chalders victuall to be the constant 
and perpetual stipend of the said kirk of Murroes 
in al tyme coming by and attoure the vicarage 
teinds of the said parioch ipsa corpora and tuentie 
merks yearlie furth of the tack dutie and teinds of 
the lauds of Balumbie according to the decreitt 
of the ijlatt in anno 1618." 

The church and church-yard of Murroes are 
upon the west side of the burn of Powrie, near 
the old house of Murroes. The church is a plain, 
but neat building, erected in the time of the Rev. 
Mr John-Ikvine Cuurie, who died 20th July 
1863, in the 43d year of his ministry. The in- 
junction, Ora et lahora (Pray and labour), is 
carved over the east door of the kirk, and that of 
Laus et honor Deo (Praise and honor be to God), 
is over the west door. 

The Jougs^ a well-known instrument of punish- 
ment, which old Kirk-sessions employed in the 
case of scolds and Sabbath-breakers, are fixed into 
the south wall of the kirk. A stone panel, upon 
the same wall, is thus inscribed : — 

A.D. 1843 

Christo, Luci mundl, et humarwe salutis Auctori, 

hac cedes consecrata est. I. I. G. 

[This church was consecrated to Christ, the Light 

of the world, and the Author of human salvation, 

in the year of Our Lord, 1843.] 

The burial vault of the Fothringhams of Powrie 
is upon the north side of the kirk. The remains 
of a figure, holding a shield with the Fothringham 
arms, is built into the adjoining dyke. Over the 
entrance to the family pew is a fine carving of 
the Fothringham and Gibson arms, initialed, 
T. F : M. G., and dated 1642. These have re- 
ference to Thomas Fothringham and his wife, 
Margaret, a daughter of »Sir Alex. Gibson, Lord 
Durie, and a grand-daughter of Sir Thos. Craig 



of Riccarton, Lord Advocate, now represented by- 
Sir Wm, Gibson-Craig, Baronet. A slab within 
the church, with the names of the same laird 
and lady, exhibits sevea shields, labelled with 
the names, and charged respectively with the 
arms of 




According to tradition, the Fothringhams 
came to Scotland from Hungary with the Queen 
of Malcolm Canmore. Record shows that Hugh 
of Foderiugeye, of the county of Perth, did hom- 
age to King Edward at Berwick-upon-Tweed, 
in 1296 ; also, that Thomas, sou of Henry of 
Fodringhay, had a confirmation charter of the 
lands of Balunie, near Cupar Angus, which lie 
upon the confines of Perthshire, in 1378 (Rag. 
Rolls ; Reg. Mag. Sigill.) There was a knight, 
Sir Hugh, in the family of Fothringham, about 
1370 (Laing's Ancient Scottish Seals, i. 223.) 

The lands of Wester Powrie, which belonged 
to Malcolm of Powrie, and were held of John 
Ogilvy of Easter Powrie, are said to have been 
given to John of Fothringham on his marriage 
■with a daughter of Ogilvy of Auchterhouse. 
Lord Lindsay (Lives, i. 145), says that Thomas 
Fothringham of Powrie was the " familiar sq^uire" 
of David Earl of Crawford, from whom he re- 
ceived various lauds out of gratitude for " faithful 
service and constant attentions." His Lordship 
also gracefully remarks that " The Fothring- 
hams were always closely allied iu blood and 
friendship with the House of Crawford, and the 
hereditary regard has manifested itself most 
kindly to our behoof in the present generation." 

By tlic marriage of the father of the late laird 
of Fothringham with. Miss Scrymseour, he ac- 
quired the property of Tealing which adjoins 
that of Powrie. In consequence of this alliance, 
the lairds of Powrie prefix Scnjmseour to the sur- 
name of Fotlir'ingliam. James Scrymseouk- 
FoTiiKiNGHAM, Esq. of Powrie and Tealing, died 
in 1857. He was succeeded by his son Captain 
Thomas, who married Lady Charlotte Carnegy, 
sister to tlie Earl of Southesk. He died in 1864, 

at the early age of 27, and was buried in the 
family vault at Murroes. 

The first inscription, below, is from a table- 
shaped stone at the west end of the kirk. A 
rudely carved angel at the top of the grave- 
stone is represented blowing a trumpet. Two 
blank shields, also the initials, A.E., precede the 
inscription, and below, amidst the words— 


PVLVERis " (Awake and sing, ye dwellers of the 
dust^, are four nude figures (two standing the 
others kneeling), with uplifted arms iu the 
attitude of prayer. Besides the above text iu 
Latin, the same (Isa. xxvi. 19), is repeated upon 
the stone in Hebrew characters ; and iu the latter 
(as the Rev. Mr NicoU kindly informs me), the 
reference to the chapter is given, but not that 
to the verse. 1 Cor. xv. 62, is also cut in Greek, 
but not being a correct copy of the original, the 
text may have been given from memory. 

The following inscription (in incised and inter- 
laced Roman capitals), occupies the chief part 
the tomb-stone : — 

Alexander . Edvardvs . ci 
VIS . Deidonanvs . Qvi . 22 . Ma 
II . Ann : DoM : 1655 . ^etatis . an : 


dalena . Edvarea . Qv^ . vr 
TJE . . 4to . Ann : Dom : 1650* 
& . Marthe . Edvaroa . QV^. . VI 

*1660 . OEIERE , HIC . HVMANTVR . [*SIC, 

— j\Ir Robert Edward, son of the above-named 
Alexander Edward, citizen of Dundee, was pre- 
sented " to the paroche kirk of the Murrays, per- 
sonage and viccarage thereof," by Patrick, Earl 
of Fanmure, 8th ]\Iarch 1648. The A\aluations 
of the Shire of Forfar, 1649 and '53, show that 
Mr Edward owned' two wadsets, one of which, 
Crachie or TuUoes, he had from the Earl of Strath- 
more. He also appears to have been a man of 
means, for down to past 1676 he had considerable 
sums of money lent upon the Ballumbie and 
Powrie estates, &c. 

Mr Edward is best known as the author of a 
Description of the County of Angus, in Latiu, 



which was accompanied by a map of that shire. 
It was engraved by Gerard Vale and Peter 
Schenk of Amsterdam, at the expense of the 
Earl of Panmure, whose arms are upon the map, 
and to whom the work was dedicated. Upon the 
30th of Oct. 1671, the Earl gave Mr Edward " 60 
rex dollars to be bestoued on the printing of the 
map of Angus" (Documents at Panmure ;) but the 
publication, which was a broadside, did not appear 
until 1678. Edward's Angus was translated by 
the Rev. Mr Trail of St Cyrus (gup., p. 41), and 
published at Dundee in 1793 (13 pp. 8vo.) In 
1832, another edition (12mo), appeared at the 
same place, but neither has the map. 

Mr Edward wrote another work, entitled The 
Doxology Approven (Edinr. 1683, 12mo.) It con- 
tains a curious dedication to the Earl of Aberdeen, 
then High Chancellor of Scotland, in which the 
author attributes " all the Miseries and Confu- 
sions in this Land" to schism in the Chui'ch. He 
describes King Charles as "a glorified Martyr;" 
and compares the Earl to " the wise and greatly 
beloved Daniel," now sitting suj)reme judge " in 
that very City and Judgment-seat, where your 
Father suffered so sad and unjust a Sentence." 

Mr Edward married Jean Johnstone, who was 
" ane old, infirm, and indigent gentlewoman" in 
1697. In that year she had an assignation of the sti- 
pend of INIurroes from Lord Panmure, in return for 
having " bein at ye trouble and expense to invite 
and procure several) preachers from tyme to tyme 
to discharge the duty of a minister" at Murroes. 

Besides the twin-children named in the above in- 
scription, Mr Edward had at least four sons, who 
all grew up and were educated for the church. 
I have not ascertained the date of Mr Edward's 
death ; but, in 1696, when his son, " Mr John 
Edward, governor to Sr. James Fleeming's son," 
had an assignation of the stipend of Murroes from 
Lord Panmure, it is said that " there hath been no 
minister serving" at Murroes " for severall years 

Mr Charles Edward, who had been appointed 
" conjunct with his father," appears to have left 
the parish, temporarily at least, sometime before 
27th August 1692 ; for of that date, the Lishop 

of St Andrews recommended that Charles' brother, 
" Mr Robert, who was rabled out of his own 
church," should supply that of Murroes. A fourth 
son, Mr Alexander Edward, became minister of 
Kemback, and was deprived as a non-juror. 

The minister of Kemback appears to have had 
a taste for architecture. He was much patronised 
by the Earl of Panmure ; and many of the im- 
provement.s which his Lordship made about Pan- 
mure House and Brechin Castle were executed 
after plans by Mr Edward, who also acted as in- 
spector of works. Indeed, so highly had Mr 
Edward recommended himself as a draughtsman, 
that the Earl of Panmure, along with eleven other 
noblemen and gentlemen of Scotland, agreed, on 
6th Oct. 1701, to give Mr Edward £10 each to 
assist him to travel through England, Flanders, 
Holland, and part of France, " for veiwing, ob- 
serving, and takeiug drawghts of the most Curious 
and Remarkable buses. Edifices, Gardens, Or- 
chards, Parks, plantations, Land Improvements, 
Coall-works, mines, waterworks, and other Curi- 
osities of Nature or Art that shall occurr in his 
traveling Throw the saids places." 

This very interesting document, which is pre- 
served in the archives at Panmure, shows an 
anxiety on the part of certain of our Scotch 
nobility and gentry, not only to improve and 
beautify their native country nearly two hundred 
years ago, but also a wish on their part to de- 
velope, by comparison with foreign practices, its 
mineral and other resources. It is just possible 
that the publication of Slezer's Theatrum Scotia;, 
and of similar works which appeared in England 
and on the Continent about the close of the 17th 
century, had suggested to the Earl of Panmure 
and his colleagues the idea of sending Mr Edward 
abroad. I am not aware, however, that any 
effect was given to this laudable proposal. It 
is just possible that the disasters consequent 
upon the Rebellion had prevented its being 
carried out. I have seen no evidence of Mr 
Edward's having gone abroad, or that any of 
the guaranteed subscriptions were paid except that 
of the Earl of Panmure, for which there is a dis- 
charge by Mr Edward among the family papers. 



From a table-stone, near to that of Mr Edward : — 
Erected by Colonel Henry Imlach, in the service 
of the East India Company, to the memory of his 
father, the Rev. Alexander Imlach, during 
XLVII years minister of this parish, who died the 
V day of Nov. MDCCCVIII, aged LXXXI years ; 
and of his mother Susan Ogilvy, who died the 
ninth day of Sept. MDCCXCI, aged LXTII years, 
both interred under this monument. Also to the 
memory of Ann Imlach, his sister, who died the 
third day of May MDCCLXXX, aged XVIII years, 
and interred near this place. 

— Mr Imlach obtained the church of Murroes 
through the influence of the Airlie family, his 
wife having been a daughter of Ogilvy of Baikie. 
He was previously a teacher at Kirriemuir. 

Here lys William Gibson, sometime in Hole of 
Murhouse, who died the 13 day of October 1710, 
and of his age 61 ; and Agnes Nicol, his spouse, to 
whose memory Alexander Gibson, there son, hath 
caused this monument to be erected — 

This couple lined a uirtuous life 

While here they did remain ; 

Their honesty and uprightnes. 

No blot did ever stain. 
Also his son, Alexander Gibson lyes here, he dyed 
April 17, 1739, aged 45 years. 

Upon a stone with a bold carving of a black- 
smith's hammer and " royal crown," &c. : — 

Heir lyes ane honest man, William Covper, 
hammerman, vho dCcit in Leigsland vpon the 18 
of November 1649, and of his aig 63 yeirs. And his 
spovs Matild Wobster, vho deceisit vpou the 5 
of Avgost 1646, and of hir aige 70. 

A flat slab, at the east end of the kirk, with 
the following simple inscription, marks the grave 
of a foreigner, who came to this country to study 
farming, and died of fever, at the age of 2G : — 

Peter Orloff Bergstrome, from Wermeland, 
Sweden, died at Westhall, xxiv Nov. mdccclvi, is 
here interred. I sleep, but my heart waketh. — 
Song V. 11. 

Upon the face of a prettily carved slab : — 

This stone is erected at the expense of George 
Arklay, farmer in West Hall, in memory of his 
spouse Alison Arklay, who died May 28, 1773, 

in the 20 year of her age ; and their son Peter 
Arklay, who died Dec. 1773, in the 3d year of 
his age ..... 

From a monument (within an enclosure) ad- 
joining the above : — 

In memory of David Arkley, Esq. of Cleping- 
ton, who died 2nd Augt. 1822, aged 74 years ; and 
of Margaret Criciiton, his spouse, who died 19th 
Novf. 1836, aged 86 years. Their son, Silvester, 
died 12th Feb? 1794, aged 12 years. 

— Mr Arkley was sometime tenant of Ethie- 
beaton ; and upon succeeding to the fortune of a 
relation in London, he bought Clepington, near 
Dundee. His son, IMr Peter Arkley, bought 
Dunninald, near Montrose It now belongs to his 
two grand-daughters; and Clepington was sold, 
some years ago, by Mr P. Arkley's second son 
to Mr Wm. Neish, now of Tannadice. 

Sacred to the memory of Peter Arklay, and 
Helen Kerr, his spouse, who lived in this parish. 
Hellen Kerr died 2d June 1810, aged 86 years ; 
Peter Arklay died 23d May 1811, aged 87 years. 

From a head stone (enclosed) : — 

Erected to the memory of David Miller, Esq^. 
of Ballumbie, who died 19th July 1825, aged 71 ; 
and of Jane Miller, his daughter, who died 4th 
Feby 1820, aged 17 years. 

— Mr David Miller, who was a tenant farmer, 
bought the property of Ballumbie in April 1804, 
from the Hon. Wm. Maule of Panmure. The 
present mansion-house was erected by Mr Miller 
in 1810. From the trustees of his son, John, the 
property was bought in January 1847, by the 
trustees of the late Mr Wm. M'Gavin, merchant, 
Dundee. It was afterwards arranged for with 
them by his brother, the present proprietor, 
Robert M'Gavin, Esq. 

Ballumbie was long the property of the LoveUs, 
who were among the most potent and influential 
of the old Angus barons. They came to Forfar- 
shire during the loth, and had an interest in 
Ballumbie down to the early part of the 17th 
century, when it was bought by the Earl of Pan- 
mure (v. Mem. of Angus and Mearns.) The 
Castle of Ballumbie is described by Guynd (c. 



1682), as '' ane old ruinous demolished liouse ; but 
a very pleasant place." The old portion, which 
joins the new house, and is used as a stable, has 
some of the characteristics which distinguish the 
towers of Dunottar and Edzell, the former of 
which was built towards the close of the 14th 
century, as was probably also the latter. 

Anonymous : — 

Its pride and its pomp are all naked and bare ; 

And ruin, and pale destitution are there. 

From a marble slab fixed into an obelisk of 
freestone : — 

To the memory of James Horne, for upwards of 
26 years schoolmaster of this parish. He died on 
the 14th day of December 1840, aged 52 years. 
Erected as a mark of esteem and regard by a few 
of those who enjoyed the benefit of his valuable 
instruction in their youth, and his disinterested 
friendship in their maturer years. 

Si sapis, utaris totis, Viator, diebus ; 
Extremumque tibi semper adesse putes. 

[Traveller ! if you are wise, usefully employ all 
your days, and think that your last is always at 
hand. ] 
Two granite crosses (enclosed), respectively bear : 

George Rajmsay-Ogilvy of Westhall. 
Taken 22nd Nov. 1866, aged 44. *i> Jesu mercy. 
Ann-Mary Ogilvy, 
Born 22nd April 1854. Taken 2d July 1865. 
— Mr Ramsay- Ogilvy was a grandson of the Rev. 
W. Ramsay, minister at Cortachy, by a daughter 
of John Ogilvy of Jamaica, a son of the laird of 
Westhall. Mr R.-Ogilvy, who passed as an 
advocate in 1844, was sheriff-substitute first at 
Forfar and latterly at Dundee. He succeeded to 
Westhall on the death of a maternal aunt, when 
he assumed the additional surname of Ogilvy. 
Mr R.-Ogilvy's only cliild having predeceased 
him (as above), he left Westhall to his cousin- 
german, the Rev. Mr Ramsay (now Mr Ogilvy- 
Ramsay), formerly minister of the parish of Kir- 
riemuir, now minister of the beautiful parish of 
Beatons were designed of Westhall about 1526 ; 

and in 1577, Sir Walter Graham of Fintry and 
others were delated for communing with Robert 
Beaton of Westhall, who was concerned in the 
murder of Ramsay, tutor of Laws, in 1568 (Pit- 
cairn's Crim. Trials.) Westhall was Beaton pro- 
perty until past 1631. In 1662, it was possessed 
by the coheiresses of Tliomas Scott, a bailie of 
Dundee (Retours.) It belonged to the Pearsons 
of Balmadies (.«"/>., p. 160), in, and long after the 

time of Guynd ; and was acquired by Ogilvy, 

about 17—. 

The most important discovery of pre-historic 
remains which has been made in Murroes, is 
that of a weem, or Pict's house. It was of the 
ordinary form, and about 36 feet in length. The 
sides were constructed of pavement siabs, similar 
to those found at Gagie quarries, &c. A notice 
and sketch of the weem are in Proceedings of the 
Society of Antiquaries, vol. viii. 

Although Murroes was a part of the Earldom 
of Angus, the Earls of Crawford appear to have 
held a considerable interest in it during the early 
ages. In 1450, Alexander, Earl of Crawford, 
gave a charter of Wester Brichtie to David 
Fothringham of Powrie ; and in 1463, the same 
Earl gave Richard Lovell of Ballumbie, and his 
wife Elizabeth Douglas, whom the Earl styles 
" his oye," a charter of the lands of Murroes. 
In the year 1473, Alexander, Earl of Crawford, 
gave an annual of twelve merks out of the last- 
named lands towards the support of a chaplain in 
the parish church of Meigle (MS. Notes of Scotch 
Charters at Panmure.) 

The Fothringhams had residences both at Pow- 
rie and at Murroes. There are still the remains 
of two houses at Powrie, the elder of which, with 
arched dining hall, and chambers below, was pro- 
bably erected in the 15th, and the latter building, 
which is still roofed, probably belongs to the 17th 
century. The old house at Murroes, now occu- 
pied by farm labourers, possibly belongs to the 
same period as the last-mentioned. Guynd says 
that Powrie and INIurrocs are " both good houses, 
sweet and pleasant places, excellent yards, well 



planted parks, and hay meadoas, and dovecoats 
extraordinary good." 

Nothing now remains of the " very good house" 
of Easter Powrie, mentioned by Guynd, although 
there were traces of "the castle" about 1794. 
Tradition says it was a residence of the old Karls 
of Angus. 

The charming little chateau of Gagie, which 
has a secluded site on the south bank of the Burn 
of Murroes, is kept in good repair, and made an 
occasional residence by the proprietor, John 
Guthrie of Guthrie, Esq. A '4oupin'-on-stane," 
or steps for assisting one to get on horseback, is 
in front of the house ; and a cluster of four mag- 
nificent yew trees is in the garden. 

In the adjoining summer-house, a door or 
window-lintel exhibits the Guthrie arms, with the 
initials, W.G., and the date of 1014. These have 
reference to William Guthrie (second sou of 
Alexander Guthrie of that Ilk,) by whom the 
lands of Gagie were bought from Sibbald of 
Rankeilor in IGIO. The same person had a por- 
tion of Hallton and Milton of Guthrie, 29th Dec. 
1574. On 11th June 1603, he purchased llavens- 
bie, in Barry, from John Cant, and in the charter 
of these lands William is designed brother-german 
to Alexander Guthrie of that Ilk (Fcnnili/ papers, 
kindly lent by John Guthrie of Guthrie, Esq.) 
The first Guthrie of Gagie is said to have married 
Isabella, daughter of Leslie of Balquhain. A 
shield, on the front wall of Gagie House, bears 
the Leslie coat, with the initials, I. L. 

Another slab, originally over the old entrance, 
or court gate to Gagie, bears an elaborate carving 
of the family arms, with the " label," or heraldic 
mark of a first son. The coat, which is initialed, 
I. G : I. H., and dated 1737, belongs to the time 
of John Guthrie of Guthrie, and his wife Jean, 
daughter of the Rev. James Hodge of Long- 
forgan. Their son became the twelfth baron of 
Guthrie, and they had two daughters who were 
married respectively to John Scrimgeour of Tcal- 
ing, and William Alison, merchant, Dundee. 

The only bequest for educational purposes, 
■which has been made to the parish, is that by Mr 
George Sibbald, surgeon, Argyll Square, Edin- 

burgh, who was a native of Murroes, and died in 
1SG3. He left £200, the interest of which is to 
be applied by the minister and elders " towards 
the education of a boy and girl," natives of the 
parish, and each for the space of two years. Mr 
Sibbald, some of whose relatives are still in Mur- 
roes, may have been a descendant of the old lairds 
of Gagie and Raukeilor. 

It would appear that in 1724, the wants of the 
teacher and pupils were so ill cared for by the 
heritors, that the Rev. Mr Marr was compelled to 
petition the Commissioners of Supply to " modify 
a salary" for David Crombie, schoolmaster, and 
also a sum to build a school and school-house, 
" the parish being defective in both." A hundred 
merks Scots, or £5 10s 5d sterling, were settled 
as " a competent salary" for the teacher ; and a 
sum was also named for building purposes. It 
appears, however, that a long time was allowed 
to elapse before the necessary house accommoda- 
tion -was supplied for the master and his pupils. 

Like most Scotch parishes, Murroes, at tlie 
date last-mentioned, and for long afterwards, was 
in a very poor condition socially. In 1794, Mr 
Imlach writes (Old Stat. Acct.), that more money 
had been made in Murroes by farming, during 
the previous thirty years, than for two hundred 
years before ; and adds that the farmers " even 
use some of the luxuries of life" ! 

It may be added that a belief in some of the 
superstitious of the darker ages lingered in Murroes 
down to a late date. Not long ago, when the 
body of a suicide was found in the parish, it was 
buried in the clothes in which it was discovered, 
and upon the north, or shady side of the kirk, 
which was long believed to be the peculiar pro- 
perty of his Satanic jNIajesty ! 

When the grave of the unfortunate man was 
opened, his snuff-mull, and the sum of Cs Cd in 
silver, and a penny in copper, were found in it. 
These had been buried along with the body ; and 
as it was conveyed to the kirk-yard in the parish 
hearse, the feeling was carried to such a height 
that the hearse was never again used, but allowed 
to stand in a shed and rot ! 




gT DROSTAN founded the first church in 
Glenesk. He died there about A.D. 809, 
and his remains were carried to, and buried at 
Aberdour, in Aberdeenshire (supra, p. 55.^ 

Down to ] 723, when Lochlee was erected int(J 
an indej^)endent parish, it was attached to that of 
Lethnot (q-v.) These, and other points in the 
history of the district, are given in " the Land of 
the Lindsays," including notices of the families of 
De Glenesk, Stirling, Lindsay, and ]\Laule. The 
Glen now wholly belongs to the Earl of Dalhousie, 
as representative of the last-named family. 

The ruins of the kirk of S. Drostan of Glenesk 
stand in the old kirk-yard, at the north-east end 
of the Loch of Lee. The cemetery is enclosed by 
a wall, and surrounded by some venerable trees. 
To the north of the burial-ground are the ruins 
of the house and school of the author of " Lindy 
and Nory," to whose memory a granite monument 
was raised by public subscription, upon which is 
the following : — 

Erected to the memory of Alexander Ross, A. M. , 
Schoolmaster of Lochlee, author of " Lindy and 
Nory ; or the Fortunate Shepherdess," and other 
Poems in the Scottish Dialect. Born, April 1G99 ; 
died, May 17S4. 

How finely nature aye he paintit, 
0' sense in rhyme he ne'er was stintit, 
An' to the heart he always sent it 
" Wi' might an' main," 
An' no a'e line he e'er inventit 
Need ane offen' ! 

— Ross was a native of Kincardine O'Neil, and at 
one time assistant teacher at Laurencekirk. He 
married the daughter of a farmer in Logic Cold- 
stone, and her grave is marked by a head-stone 
thus inscribed ; — 

This stone was erected by Mr Alexr. Ross, 
schoolmaster at Lochlee, in memory of Jean Cata- 
NACii, his spouse, here interred, who died May 5th 
1779, aged 77 years :— 

What's mortal here? Death in his right woud 

have it ; 
The spritual part returns to God that gave it ; 
While both at parting did their hopes retain 
That they in glory woud unite again, 
To reap the harvest of their Faith and Love, 
And join the soog of the Redeem'd above. 
Memento mori. 

The above, also the next four inscriptions, are 
attributed to Ross. The first is from a mural 
and much decayed tablet, built into the north-east 
dyke :— 

Hoc jux . . monumentum coudiuitur cineres 
JoANNis Garden a Midstrath Armigeri, necnon 
Catharine Farquharson, conjugis ejus dilec- 
tissimje, qui matrimonio conjunct! 29"° Oct., 1G9G, 
per annos 42 vitam conjugalem degerunt, tandem 
apud Invermark diem obieruut supremum, hie 
26^0 Aijrilis, 1745, retatis 73 ; ha)c vero 24'o Novem- 
bris, 1738, «tatis 63. 

Quos Hymen th , erat annis ; 

Queisq' dedit multos viv ; 

Peracto vitae, summo cu , , 

Componit tumulo, nosce, , .... 

Ast probos, provides, beuevolos, atq' benignos, 
Veridico vivens buccinat ore Fama. 
Hunc tumnlum extruxit Robertus Garden, A.M. 
verbi Divini ad Sti Fergusij praico ex fdiis ejus 


[Beside this monument are laid the ashes of John 
Garden, Esq. of Midstrath, and Catharine Far- 
quharson, his dearly beloved wife, who, having 
been united in marriage 29th October 169G, lived 
together in wedlock for 42 years. The former died 
at Invermark, 2Gth April 1745, aged 73 ; and the 
latter, 24th Nov. 1738, aged 63 :— 
" When Hymen in their youth in marriage bound, 
Whom with long life and mutual bliss he crown'd, 
Together having finished Life's career, 
And won the crown of spotless honour dear. 
Know passenger ! these now by heav'uly doom 
He lays united in one friendly tomb, — 
Let Truth anJ Fame with loud acclaims approve, 
Their prudence, truth, beneficence, and love."] 

— The poetical portion of the above translation fs 
from Thomson's edition of Helenore (Dundee, 
1812.) The erector of the monument was minis- 



ter of St Fergus, in Buchan, from 24th Sep. 1745, 
until his death on 7th Nov. 1772. It appears 
from the Poll Book that the above-named John 
Garden was living in familia with his father at 
Midstrath in Birse, the year of his marriage. He 
sold the property of Midstrath about 1722. 

The Gardens came^to Gleuesk as factors for 
their relative. Garden of Troup, who leased the 
estates from the York Buildings' Company. They 
were also factors for the family of Panmure ; and 
the last of their race, Miss Garden, died at Brechin 
nearly forty years ago. 

The allusion to the military life of Mr Charles 
Garden in the next epitaph, which is upon a slab 
in front of the mural tablet, has reference to the 
part which he took in Mar's rebellion. He was 
at Sheriff muir, and taken prisoner there : — 

Here lie deposited the Bodies of Charles Gar- 
den of Bellastreen, Gent., who died upon 22ud 
Nov. 17GI, aged above 90 years ; and of Mrs Mar- 
garet Garden, his eldest daughter, aged above 
GO years : — 

Entomb'd here lies what's mortal of the man, 

Who fill'd with honour Life's extended span ; 

Of stature handsome, front erect and fair, 

Of dauntless brow, yet mild and debonair. 

The camp engaged his youth, and would his age, 

Had cares domestic not recaU'd his stage, 

By claim of blood, to represent a line. 

That but for him was ready to decline. 

He was the Husband, Father, Neighbour, Friend, 

And all their special properties sustain'd. 

Of prudent conduct, and of morals sound, 

And who at last with length of days was crown'd. 

— In 1G96, James Garden of Bellastrain, in Glen- 
tanner, is rated at £1 of poll, but (as the record 
bears), " he classing himself as a gentleman, his 
poll is £3, and the generall poll for himself, his 
wife, and three children in familia,'''' is £4 10s. In 
" List of Papists" which was furnished to the 
Presbytery of Kincardine O'Neil in 1704 (Black- 
hall's Narrative), it is stated that " Bathia Gar- 
dyne, spouse to Charles Gardyn of Ballastreiu, 
is and hath been ane obstinate papist." 

Here lies Daniel Ciiristison, who departed this 
life June 4th, 1751, aged 3G .— 

From what befalls us here below, 
Let none from thence conclude. 
Our lot shall aftertime be so — 
The young man's Life was good. 
Yet Heavnly wisdom thought it fit, 
In its all sovereign way, 
The flames to kill him to permit, 
And 30 to close his day. 
— The quaint allusion in this epitaph to future 
punishments had possibly been suggested from the 
fact of Christison having been accidentally burned 
to death among a quantity of heather. 'I'he next 
two inscriptions are from a stone near the above ; 
Here is reposed the Dust of David Christison, 
farmer in Auchronie, who died 20th Decer. 17G1, 
aged 61 years, a Man of Integrity and veracity, 
and charitably disposed to the Indigent. He left 
of children, John, David, Charles, Hugh, Jean, and 
Magdalene, by his spouse Helen Mill. 

Here lies Helen Miln, spouse to David Christi- 
son, late Tenent in Auchrony, who died December 
19th, 1775, aged G4 years : — 

Stop, Passenger, incline thine head, 
And talk a little with the Dead ; 
I had my day as well as thou. 
But worms are my companions now. 
Hence then, and for thy change prepare, 
With bent endeavour, earnest care, 
For Death pursues the as a Post, 
There's not a moment to be lost, 

1800 : Donald Nicol, who died October 9th, 
1799, aged 85 years ; and David Nicol, his son, 
who died August 11th, 1798, aged 52 ; are interred 
here : — 

The grave. Great Teacher ! to one level brings. 
Heroes and Beggars, Galley-Slaves, and Kings, 

— This couplet is from the Earl of Orford's 
epitaph on Theodore, King of Corsica, who, after 
long confinement for debt in the King's Bench 
prison, was released in 1756, and died the same 
year. His remains lie in St Anne's Church, Dean 
Street, London. 

Erected by the Revd. Peter JoUy, 57 years Epis- 
copal Clergyman, Lochlee, in memory of his son 
James, who died 14th of March 1798, aged 10 years. 
And also of his spoupe, Jean Dieack, who died 
May 12tii 1809, aged 56 years. 



— Mr Jolly, who was the first resident Episcopal 
clergyman in Glenesk from the time of the Re- 
volution, resigned his charge in 1840. He retired 
to Brechin, where he died in 1845, aged 82, uni- 
versally respected by all denominations of Chris- 
tians for his unobtrusive, kindly disposition. One 
of his daughters was the wife of the late Bishop 
Moirof Brechin. 

Glenesk was long a stronghold of Episcopacy. 
On 16th Aug. 1745, Bishop Rait confirmed about 
70 of that congregation, and on the previous day 
he confirmed about 25 persons in the dwelling 
house of the clergyman (Rev. Mr Lunan's Diary, 
MS.) The strength of Episcopacy in Glenesk 
and its neighbourhood attracted the attention of 
the Government ; and in 1746, not only did the 
Royalists burn the meeting-house in Lochlee, but 
they also carried the minister a prisoner ou board 
a frigate which was lying off Montrose. The in- 
cumbent of that period was IMr David Rose, who 
dweltatWoodsideof Dunlappie. Hewas the father 
of the Kon. George Rose, and great-grandfather 
of Lord Strathnairn. The Episcopal church and 
parsonage are at Tarfside, where a hand-bell is 
preserved, which bears this record of the generosity 
of the old minister : — 

MK . DAVID . KOSE . GIFT . TO . GLENESK . 1728. 

— Accounts of Mr Rose and his family are given 
in the Land of the Lindsays; also, infra, p. 294. 

From the sides and edges of a head-stone in 
the old kirk-yard of Lochlee : — 

Her lays Donald MDonel, Margaret Ddfs, 
John MDonel, and Margaret Tohou, May the 
21, 1733. 

Remember man as thou goes by, 
Death, Judgment and Eternity. 

The next two inscription are also from head- 
stones : — 

Here lies Margaret Campble, spouse to David 
CouTS in Drowstie, died 5'li Septr. 1794, aged 24 
years. Also his mother, Jean Gibe, died 18^^ March 
1794, aged G5 years. 

— Droirsiie, which is a corruption of the name of 
S. Drostan, was a hamlet or village in Lochlee, 
where there was an alehouse. The hostelry is 

referred to by Dr Beattie in his address to Ross 
on the publication of his poems of Helenore, &c. 

The next inscription relates to one who had 
some celebrity as a local rhymester. He tenanted 
the farm of Glencatt, a remote place to the north 
of the farm of Baillies ; and, like most of his 
contemporaries in the Glen, he had doubtless 
enjoyed many a " pint at Drousty :" — 

1846 : Erected in memory of John Milne of 
Glencatt, who died on the 2d Septr. 1818, aged 50 
years ; and his spouse, SirsAN Farqtjharson, who 
died on the 2d Sept. 1843, aged 75 years. They 
left two daughters, ^Magdalene and Agnes. 


A new parish church was erected at Lochlee in 
1803. It stands about a mile to the east of the 
old kirk, between the Mark and the Brawny ; 
and there the deaths of one nonogenarian and 
two octogenarians are recorded upon head-stones. 
Another stone (enclosed) bears the following re- 
cord of the first person that was interred within 
the New Burial-ground : — 

Erected by the Revd. David Inglis, minister of 
Lochlee, in memory of his mother Christian Inglis, 
who departed this life on the 15th day of July 1808, 
in the 73d year of her age. Nos omues metam pro- 
peramus ad unam. 

— The erector of the above-mentioned tombstone 
died at Lochlee, 28th January 1837, in the 66th 
year of his age, as recorded upon a marble slab, 
fixed into the top of an adjoining chest-shaped 
monument. Another marble slab (in the same 
stone) bears that Edward Hart, son of General 
Hart of Doe Castle, Kilderry, Ireland, died at 
the manse of Lochlee, 1st May 1836, in his 26th 
year. Mr Hart's brother wrote some verses to 
his memory, the first of which is engraved upon 
the tomb : — 

Far from his father's home he rests, 

Cut of hi early bloom. ; 
Triistlntj to God and his behests, 

He sank into the tomb. 




The next inscription which was " written 
under the direction" of the late Rev. Mr John 
Whyte of Lethnot and Navar — a brother of the 
two young men whose deaths are recorded — 
discloses a painful instance of accidental drowning 
which occurred during a snow storm, and while 
the brothers were employed collecting their 
father's sheep : — 

Davidi Whyte an. 27, ejusque minori fratri 
Akchibaldo Whyte, an. 18, natis, qui cum tor- 
rentem rapidum transilire couarentur, qua, dejectu 
gravi in barathrum profundum, etpnijruptis utrinque 
rupibus clausum, prteceps defertur, prior hoc jam 
facile superato, fratrem in gurgitem conspicatus 
delapsum, amore pio, necnon ejus servandi spe 
vaua impulsus, se statim e6dem prajcipitavit, unc\que 
miserrime periit, Gleumarki valle, parochia comi- 
tatus Forfarensis Lochleio, Sext. Kal. Nov. A.D. 
1820. Horum mortis immaturae, nee minus pietatis, 
ingeuii, amoris mutui iusignis, caeterarumque vir- 
tutum eximiarum, flentibus amicis heu quam subito 
abreptorum, hoc monumentum pro suo ingenti 
desiderio posuit pater Jacobus Whyte. 

— The translation (reprinted from Land of the 
Lindsays, p. 74), was made by the late Rev. Mr 
Whyte :— 

["In memory of David Whyte, aged 27, and of 
bis younger brother, Archibald Whyte, aged 18. 
As the two brothers were proceeding to leap across 
at a spot where the Mark, contracted by craggy 
rocks on either side into a narrow and rapid torrent, 
anon pours headlong over a high precipice into a 
deep eddyiug abyss, when the elder, having already 
crossed with facility, perceived that his brother 
had fallen into the impetuous stream, urged by the 
impulse of holy afiectiou and by the vain hope of 
saving his life, rushed in heedlessly after him, and 
both lamentably perished together, on the 27th of 
October, 1820, in the glen (or valley) of Mark, 
parish of Lochlee, and county of Forfar. To com- 
memorate the premature death, as well as the 
illustrious example of mutual affection, the talents, 
the piety^ and other excellent endowments which 
adorned the hapless brothers — alas ! so suddenly 
snatched away from their weeping relatives— this 
monument was erected by their bereaved and dis- 
consolate father, James Whyte. "j 

A head-stone (near the kirk-yard gate) bears 
the following inscription : — 

1811 : Erected by William Reid, shoemaker in 
Aberdeen, in memory of his son George, who 
perished among the snow about the end of Jauy. 
1810, within the bounds of this parish, in the 30 
year of his age. 

Vos igitur estote parati : quia qua hora nou 
putatis, Filius hominis veniet, 

— When Reid's grave was opened for an inter- 
ment in 1873, fragments of clothes were found, 
also a bonnet in good preservation. The 
text is from Luke xii. 40. 

A number of ancient funeral cairns have been 
found in various parts of the Glen, as noticed in 
the Land of the Lindsays. But the most conspi- 
cuous " cairns" are two modern erections, the 
one upon the Rowan hill, the other upon the 
Modlach. The former, which is pyramidical in 
•its form, was lately erected by the Earl of Dal- 
housie, in honour of the ancient Family of 
Maule ; and the latter, which consists of a tower, 
with a place for shelter, was built a good many 
years ago, by the St Andrews Lodge of Free- 
masons, Lochlee. 

A neat Free Church with spire, also a commo- 
dious manse, and the new parish school and school- 
house, are to the east of the hamlet of Tarfside, 
and in the pretty district of Cairncross, out of 
which a davoch of land was given by Morgund, 
son of Abbe (the lay Abbot of Brechin^, to his 
sou Michael, in the year 1230 (Note from Dr John 

But the most picturesque parts of Gleuesk are 
in the neighbourhood of Invermark, where the 
old roofless and ivyclad tower of the " lichtsome 
Lindsays," with its ingeniously constructed yett, 
or gate of wrought iron, stands upon a rising 
ground at the foot of Glenmark. 

In the same locality, but upon a more elevated 
sjwt, is Invermark Lodge, the shooting quarters 
of the Earl of Dalhousio. The Lodire overlooks 



the Loch and water of Lee, " the auld kirk-yard," 
the peak of Craigmaskeldie, and a variety of other 
points of great natural beauty. This grand 
" Highland Retreat" is also interesting to " all 
good and loyal subjects," for there the Queen, 
and other members of the Royal Family, have 
been guests of its noble proprietor. 

The North Esk river rises from the Loch of 
Lee, and after a course of from 30 to 40 miles, it 
falls into the sea near Kinnaber. Ponskeenie, a 
picturesque old bridge of three arches, near Dal- 
brack, and another of one arch, which is just being 
erected by the Earl of Dalhousie across the ford 
at Gleneffock, are the only stone bridges upon the 
Esk to the north of the Gannochy. 

A stone bridge was built over the Taif or Tarf 
about 1750. It was carried off by the floods of 
1829, when the present structure was erected. 
The bridge across the Turndhd or Turret, wliich 
separates the parish of Lochlee from that of 
Edzell, is also of modern date, as is that over the 
Brawny, near the parish church. The old bridge 
over the Mark, improved in 1870 by Lord Dal- 
housie, was contracted for at Droustie, 11th April 
1755, by John Montgomery, mason in Pitcain- 
laich. The work was estimated to cost £31: sterling, 
exclusive of the materials, which were to be 
brought to his hand ; but it was agreed that if 
Montgomery should show himself to be "a real 
Loser thereby," his loss was to be made up when the 
work was completed. The bridge, which was to 
be ready for traffic on the 29th of September fol- 
lowing, was to be 12 feet of breadth, with " be- 
twixt fourty and fourty-four foot of an arch." 
{Oricjinal Contract, kindly communicated by the 
Rev. Mr Walter Low.) A mutilated tablet upon 
the bridge bears : — 

"This Bridge was Built on General Contribu- 
tions, chiefly of the Parishioners of Lochlee . . . 

Besides the old foot-path, or Priests^ Road from 
Ponskeenie to Lethnot, there is a rugged road 
through Glenturret to Charleston of Aboyne. 
Another road leads from Lochlee by Glenmark 
and Mount Keen to Ballater, &c. Though seldom 

travelled, save by tourists, it was by the last- 
named route that Her Majesty the Queen, and 
the late Prince Consort and suit came incognito 
from Balmoral to Fettercairn in 1861. 

The royal party were met on Mount Keen by 
the Earl of Dalhousie, and lunched in a cottage 
occupied by one of his Lordship's foresters. From 
this they passed, en route, through the wild pass 
of Glenmark, and refreshed themselves at the 
Toher-na-clachan-gealaich (the white stone well), 
where there is a copious spring, famous for its 
clear and cooling water. A fine view is obtained 
from the spot, which is about 60 yards east of the 
Mark, and about 300 yards from where the Lad- 
der Burn joins the Mark. 

In commemoration of the Royal visit, and the 
sad loss which followed to the Queen and the 
Country by the death of the Prince Consort, 
Lord Dalhousie had a memorial erected at the well. 
It is composed of six roughly-hewn arches of 
native granite, which converge to a centre — not 
unlike the top of St Giles' steeple at Edinburgh — 
and rise to the height of about 20 feet, the whole 
being finished by a cross of hewn freestone. 
Upon the centre arch is this inscription : — 

Her Majesty Queen Victoria 

and his Royal Highness the Prince-Consort, 

visited this Well, and dranh of its refreshing ivaters, 

on the 20tk September 1861, 

the year of Her Majesty's great sorroio. 

— The following is round the margin of a basin 
©f freestone, into which the spring falls : — 

Best, Traveller, on this lonely green, 
And drb^, and pray for Scotland's 




ifJfiHE church of Ahirlothenot, which is rated at 
cE) 20 merks in the Old Taxation, belonged to 
the Priory of St Andrews, and was dedicated by 
Bishop David in 1242. 

The name of AUrluilicnot appears to have been 
assumed from the burn of Luthnot, which runs 
past the village of Marykirk. An early, but 
dateless charter (Reg. Yetus de Aberbrothoc), 
shows that a piece of land was granted to the 
church of Mariiigtun, which lay to the west of 
the burn of " Luffenot," and extended to a bridge 
called " Stanbrig," on the North Esk. This 
charter not only proves the existence of an early 
bridge upon the river ; but it also discloses the 
interesting particular, that the donor, " Willelmus 
Auceps," or William the Hawker, (who is the 
first recorded of the old family of Falconer of 
Halkerton), offered a turf of the land upon the 
altar of the church as a symbol of investiture. 

In 1574, the churches of Eglisgreig and Aber- 
luthnot were both served by one minister (sup., 
p. 36) ; and Thomas Ramsay was the contem- 
porary reader at Aberluthnot. 

The name of the parish was long ago changed 
from Aberluthnot to that of ]\Iary-Kirk. Before 
the old church was re-roofed, it contained a 
ceiling of carved oak, an escutcheon of the Hal- 
kerton family, and an inscribed tablet, notices 
of which, along with a copy of the inscription, 
are given by Mr Brymer, in liis excellent Account 
of the Parish, in 1793. The inscription is as 
follows : — 

Hie in Domino reqniescuut parentes mei cha- 
rissimi M. Jacobus Raitus, pastor vera Evangeli- 
cua, qui prsefuit huic ecclesise 25 annos tideliter, 
noa sine magno emolumento ; tunc vitam cum morta 
commutavit, calend. Mali, anno 1642, tetatis sum 
59 ; et dilcctissima ejus conjux, Isabella Black- 
BURNE, qu;b obiit 19 Januarii, anno 1637, astatis 
suaj 32. Parentavit filius, W. 11. 

[Here rest in the Lord my dear parents, Mr 
James Rait, a true minister of the Gospel, who, for 
25 years, presided faithfully over this church, not 
without great benetit, and then exchancfed life for 
death, 1st May 1642, at the age of 59 ; and his 
beloved wife Isabella Blackburn, who died 19th 
Jan. 1637, aged 32. Erected by their son, W. R.] 

— -The erector of the above monument succeeded 
his father in the church of Marykirk; and al- 
though he was unsuccessful in his application for 
the living of Meumuir (Land of the Lindsays, p. 
338), he was afterwards translated to Brechin. 
He was made Princi[)al of King's College, Aber- 
deen, in 1661, and during the following year 
became one of the ministers of Dundee. He was 
a cadet of the House of llallgreeu, and his wife 
was heiress of Guthrie of Pitforthy, near Brechin, 
sup., p. 108.) His mother was probably related 
to William Blackburn, a contemporary burgess of 
Aberdeen, who took a great interest in church 

The old kirk consisted of a transept, with a north 
and a south aisle. The north aisle, which be- 
longed to the Barclays of Balmakewan, presents 
a carving of the Barclay arms, initialed LB,, and 
dated 1653. The south aisle, which belonged to 
the Strachans of Thornton, contains an awmbry, 
a font, and an elegant tomb. The date and ini- 
tialsof'A . 1615 . S," upon a slab built into the 
outside of the west wall, probably refer to the 
time that the aisle was erected. 

The old ceiling of the Thornton aisle was 
painted with armorial bearings. Among a variety 
of carvings, the tomb bears the Strachan and 
Forbes arms, with these initials and date : — 


61 . D.E.F. 

A marble tablet, flanked by pilasters, bears 
an inscription, which is here printed as it now 
appears : — 

Epicedium threnodicum . . memoriam faaminas 
lectissimic, Dominai ELizABETHiK Forbes^, Do- 
miuaa a Thornton, a^ternitatis candidate, . . . 
meritorum . . . nissima, puerpera, immaturo 
fato . . . repta est, dum annum ajtatis vigesi- 
mum quintum agebat, die decimo lanuarij . . 61 : 



Cujus fragrantissse memorise, licet . . . . de mon- 
umentis oinni asre perennioribus abuiide satis litatum 
sit, hoc tam . . magnifico mausoleo, parentaudum 
curavit conjunx ipsius puUatus, D. lacobus 
Strachanus a Thorntone, asques auratus. 

Siste, viator, habes summi monument 

Virtutis tumulum, Pieridumq' vid . . 

Omnis una fuit brevis hfec quam con 

Lux nuper patria? ..... levis umb 

Aurea si tantas fudere crepuscula 

Luxisset, quanto sydere 

Quanta fuit pietas quam stemmatis 

Enthea mens, roseus quam sine sente sinus. 
Quautus et oris honos ; Phctnix vixitq' oaditq', 

Qualem non poterant reddere decem, 

At matura polo cecidit Christoq' ; quid 

Ignavi.numerant ssecula, facta boni. 
Mors ipsa non separabit. 

[A funeral song to the memory of a most excellent 
woman. Dame Elizabeth Forbes, lady of Thorn- 
ton, who, possessed of all the merits that can adorn 
her sex, became a candidate for eternity 10th 
January IGGl, in the 25th year of her age, having 
died prematurely in childbed. Altho' her worth 
is i^reserved by monuments more lasting than any 
brass, her sorrowing husband, Sir James Strachan 
of Thornton, knight baronet, has caused this mag- 
uiCcoiit tomb to be erected to her most fragrant 

Stop, traveller, you have before you a monument 
of the deepest grief ; you see the tomb of a virtuous 
and accomplished lady — one who, lately a light to 
her country, now flits an unsubstantial shade. 
If the golden dawn showed so bright a light, with 
what splendour would the noontide have shone ? 
How great was her piety, how befitting her illus- 
trious race was her inspired intellect, how thorn- 
less her rosy bosom, how great the graceful dignity 
of her look ! A Phcenix, she both lived and died, 
such as not ten ages could reproduce. But she 
died ripe for Heaven : — What more was needed ? 
The slothful reckon ages, good men deeds. Death 
itself shall not part us.] 

— The above-named lady, who was married in 
1654, when her husband was designed of Inches- 
tuthell, was tliird daughter of Forbes of Waterton 
and his wife Jean Ramsay of Balmain {supra, p,, 

60). Lady Strachan left a son and two daughters, 
who were brought up and educated by their ma- 
ternal grandiuother ; but, it appears, notwith- 
standing the high eulogium which the baronet 
passed upon his lady, he took so little interest in 
her offspring that, in 1665, their grandmother 
raised a summons against him for having ne- 
glected his affairs, and abandoned his children 
(Watertoune Faviihj Papers.) Elizabeth Forbes' 
son possibly grew up and succeeded to the title 
and estates, for in 1692, John Strachan of Belly, 
son of Sir James Strachan of Thornton, married 
Isobel, daughter of Sir John Forbes. 

Alexander Strachan, who succeeded his grand- 
father in 1606, and married a daughter of Sir 
William Douglas of Gleubervie, and a sister of 
the 10th Earl of Angus (Doug. Peer.), was created 
a baronet in 1625. ' He had several successors in 
the title ; but, so far as I am aware, no reliable 
genealogy of the family exists. The once power- 
ful branches of Carmyllie and Glenkindie are sup- 
posed to have been offshoots of the Strachaus of 
Thornton ; and the name is believed to have been 
assumed from the district of Strachan, in Kincar- 
dineshire. The property of Thornton is said to 
have come to the Strachans by one of them mar- 
rying the daughter and heiress of Thornton of 
that Ilk, in the time of David II. (v. Mem. Angus 
and Mearns.) 

It may be added that, in addition to Hugh 
Strachan, or Ramsay (infra, p. 165), Dr Oliver 
gives the names of other five of this race who be- 
came Jesuits. Among these is Alexander, eldest 
son of the sixth baronet of Thornton, Avho " suc- 
ceeded to the title and its slender income," and 
died at Liege in 1793. He was for some time 
tutor in a private family, and was succeeded by 
his brother Eobert, who was long a mercantile 
clerk, and died at Exeter in 1826, aged about 90 

There were other two brothers. One went to 
America, and the other is said to have taken the 
title on the death of Sir Robert Strachan, after 
which it was assumed by his nephew, who died 
at Cliffden, Teignmouth. It is added that Sir 
Alexander, the Jesuit, was offered £5000 to give 



up his family paj^ers to Admiral Sir Richard 
Strachan, and that, poor as he was, he refused 
the bribe. The Thornton papers are said to be 
in the possession of a family in Devonshire, to 
whom Sir Robert left any little that he died pos- 
sessed of. 

The property of Thornton now belongs to 
Alexander Crombie, Esq. of Pittarrow ; and the 
old family residence has been altered and 
added to by Mr Crombie with much taste and 
j udgment. 

The square tower of Thornton Castle is dated 
1531, and the weather vane bears, " 1680." The 
round tower, at the north-east corner, which is 
supposed to be the oldest remaining portion of 
the building, although dateless, exhibits a carving 
of the old family araas. The family arms, with 
the initials of Sir James Strachan and Dame 
Elizabeth Forbes, and the date of 1662, are also 
upon the north wing of the building, or that 
part which connects the two towers. 

It was probably during the time of the last- 
mentioned Sir J. Strachan, and possibly by some 
family arrangement, that Thornton passed to the 
Forbeses, since about or soon after the year 1686, 
the property was acquired by James Forbes of 
Saach or Savoch, in Foveran parish (^Watcrtoune 
Family Papers). In a deed of 1723, Thomas 
Forbes of Thornton is described as the son of 
the late James Forbes of Auchmacoy, in Logie- 

Mr Troup of Hartville, Bridge of Allan, who 
is presently preparing an Account of the Forbeses, 
kindly writes that James Forbes of Thornton, 
who died in 1713, was succeeded by his eldest 
son, Thomas, and that the affairs of the latter 
became so much embarrassed, that the estate was 
sold in 1763, by authority of the Court of 

The only memorial at Mary kirk to the Forbeses 
of Thornton is a mutilated slab within the 
family burial aisle, which exhibits these traces 
of an inscription : — 

Hie iacet Philippus Fo de 

Thornton Natua 22do Dec 

obiit 2do Octob 

The Ta-vlors of Kirktouhill hare an inclosed 
burial-place, but no monument, within the area 
of the old kirk of Marykirk. Robert, a younger 
son of Tailzour of Borrowfield, near Montrose, 
was the first of this family. He bought (as the 
present laird courteously informs us) the lauds 
of Kirktouhill and Balmanno, from James Aik- 
man in 1755 ; and married a sister of Sir James 
Carnegy of Pittarrow, afterwards of Southesk, 
by whom he had a family. Mr Taylor died about 
1780, when the properties were both sold. Kirk- 
touhill was bought by Colonel David Gairdner, 
and Balmanno by Mr Alex. Smith ; and from 
them the estates were re-acquired, in 1797 and 
1798 respectively, by the grand-father of the 
present laird, who made a fortune in Jamaica. 
He also changed the spelling of his name from 
Tailzour to Tai/lur. 

Kirktouhill, which is within the barony of 
Rescobie, was anciently called the Kirktown lands 
of Aberluthnot. The lands were held of the 
Priory of St x\ndrews ; and in 1540, Cardinal 
Beaton gave a charter of Kirktouhill to David 
Barclay of Mathers. Barclay gave the lands of 
Johnstone, near Laurencekirk, to his eldest son 
John, by a second marriage. In a letter of 5th 
October 1660, Barclay of Johnstone says that 
" the Earle of Northesk and my uncle Cadam 
have now ended their differences" — a statement 
which proves the relationship betweeen the Bar- 
clays of Johnstone and those of Caldhame at that 
time. Carved slabs, embellished with the Bar- 
clay arms, are still to be seen at Caldhame {injra, 
p. 138.) 

The present church of Marykirk, which stands 
on the north side of the burial-ground, was 
erected in 1806. Within, and upon the east wall, 
a marble monument is thus inscribed :— 

The Eevd. James Siiand, A.M., minister of this 
parish from 1S05 to 1837, and previously of the 
College Church, Aberdeen, son of James Shand, 
Esquire, merchant there, born ISth August 1757, 
died 5th Jany. 1837. Margaret Farquhar, his 
wife, born 11th August 1767, died 11th January 1840, 
daughter of Alexander Farquhar, Esq., Kiutore, 
by his wife Eliaabeth Harvey, great-grand-daughter 



of James Harvey of Kilmuiidy, and his wife Mar- 
garet Baird of Auchmedden. He was an accom- 
plished scholar, a kind husband and father, and a 
devoted pastor — In all the relations of life she was 
equally exemplary. Both were united in that faith 
and hope which vanquish death, and realize the 
rest which remaiueth to the people of God. This 
tablet is affectionately dedicated by their surviving 
sons to the memory of the best of parents. Be thou 
faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of 

— Charles-Farquhar Shand, third son of the 
above-named minister of Marykirk, passed as an 
advocate in 1834. He edited an edition of the 
Funeral Sermons and Orations on Bishop Patrick 
Forbes, for the Spottiswoode Society, in 1845. 
The volume contains, among other interesting 
matter, a copy of the Latin inscription in the 
Thornton aisle, as it appeared in 1828, accom- 
panied by a poetical translation of the verses. 
In 1860, Mr Shand was appointed Chief Justice 
of the Mauritius, and in 1869, be received the 
honour of knighthood. 

The church-yard of Marykirk was levelled and 
otherwise improved in 1868, in the course of 
which some old gravestones were discovered. One 
of these presents a shield, charged with the Mont- 
gomery and Mclvill arms, &c. The words — 
" Died in Apryl 5, 1591," are below the shield; 
and the following inscription, in rudely incised 
capitals, is given round the border of the stone : — 

Here lyes Margret Melvil, who died ye 20 
Apryl 1686, hir age 60 years. She uas spous to 
Robert Montgomry, 

Whos corps interd belou 

Lyes hyd from eyes 
Whose souls advancd with Chryst 

Above the skjes. 

— Melvill is an old surname in the Mearns, but 
that of Montgomery is almost unknown to the 
district. A heart-shaped piece of ground, to the 
south of Hatton House, is still called 3Io)/t(/o)ii''r}fs 
Knap. It appears to have been surrounded by a 
marsh ; and, according to tradition, it was the 
site of a castle which was tenanted by a family 
named Montgomery. They are said to have led 

a lawless and predatory life, and to have made 
themselves so obnoxious that their neighbours 
assembled and drove them from their stronghold. 
No writer makes allusion to this castle ; but tra- 
dition further affirms that, before leaving the 
place, Montgomery " hid a kettle -full of gold in 
the Knap !" 

The next inscription is partly round the margin, 
partly upon the face of a well-proportioned slab 
of red sand stone. Near the bottom of the stone 
are the initials, A. G., the date of 1630, also 
boldly executed carvings of a blacksmith's shovel, 
tongs, a hammer, the horns of an anvil, a horse 
shoe, &c. The first portion of the inscription is 
cut in relief, and the last three lines are incised : — 

Heir , lyes . Adame . Glyge . smith 
IN . the . Hill . . . Morphye . some 
tyjie . howsband . to . isobel . low 
who. departed. the . 10. of. awg\yst 

Adam . Gle died in April 

1698 . AGED . 86. 

John Gleig died May 15, 1737, aged 
83; IsoBEL Gleig died March 4th, 
1761, aged 78. 

— "John Gleig," (great-grandson of " Adame 
Glyge"), was the father of Provost Gleig of Mon- 
trose. Elizabeth, daughter of Provost Gleig, 
married James Burnes, cousin-germau to Burns, 
the Poet. Mr Burnes, who was a writer in, and 
sometime Provost of Montrose, had a large family, 
among whom were Sir Alexander and Charles, 
who both fell at Cabul ; Sir James, K.H. ; and 
Adam. The last-named succeeded to his father's 
business in Montrose, where he died in 1872. He 
was much esteemed for his upright conduct, as 
well as for his great humour, and generosity of 

Dr Gleig, Bishop of Brechin (the father of the 
present venerable and accomplished Chaplain- 
General of the Forces), and the Rev. Mr Gleig, 
parish minister of Arbroath, were both descend- 
ants of " Adarae." Their fathers were both 
blacksmiths by trade ; the former followed his 
useful calling at Boghall in Arbuthnott, and the 
latter at Balrownie in Menmuir. Some members 
of the Montrose branch of the family were famous 



for the manufacture of " Jews' Harps," or trumps 
— a fact which has made the name of Gleig 
familiar to the lovers of that instrument in many 
parts of Scotland. 

The next inscription is also one of some general 
interest, in so far as it marks the grave of the 
mother of David IIkkd, the celebrated collector 
of Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs, Heroic 
Ballads, &c. : — 

Here lyes Marget Low, spouse of John Herd, 
sometime tennent in Muirtoun of Be .... n, who 
died 14th Dec. 1751, aged 60 years :^ 

A loving and a virtueous wife she was, 
That few or none could her surpass. 

— It has been stated by Chambers, and other bio- 
graphers, as well as in the recent reprint of Herd's 
Songs, that he was born in St Cyrus ; but about 
1853, while searching the parish records of Mary- 
kirk for anothef purpose, I came accidentally 
upon the following entries of the marriage of 
Herd's parents and his own baptism : — 

Nov. 14, 1730 : The qch day were contracted in 
order to Marriage, Jon Hied & Margt. Low, 
both in this parioch. Caurs for the pledges, Da. 
Hird, in Balmakelly, for the Bridgroom, & 
William Low, in Deuside, for the Bride. Married 
on Dec. 29th. 

Oct. 23, 1732 : This day W3s baptized David 
HiRD, lawU. son to John Hird and Margat Low, 
in Balmakelly. before these wittnesses, David & 
William Herd, both iu Balmakelly. 

— These extracts, which first appeared in AVillis' 
Current Notes for Nov. 1854, were accompanied 
by a suggestion, founded on the authority of the 
Retours (Kinciirdine, No. 88), that Herd's motlier 
might have been descended from a family of the 
name of Low, who were proprietors of Little and 
Nether Balmakelly, in 1655. 

Herd's father appears to have removed from 
Balmakelly to, probably, the " Muirton of Bcn- 
liohn,''^ for the final letter n in the destroyed word 
looks like part of an in. Be this as it may, David 
Hkkd died at Edinburgh, and was buried in the 
Buccleuch Church-yard of that city, where a 
tablet (which is being fast obliterated by the 
.weather), is built into the north wall. The tab- 

let, which it is to be hoped will soon be re-lettered, 
&c., is about 16 feet west of the east dyke, and 
bears this suggestive inscription : — 

29 feet south from this stone are interred the 
remains of I\Ir David Herd, v/riter : a man of 
probity, of a kind and friendly disposition, of mild, 
tolerant principles, and of taste in ancient Scotish 
Literature. Not solicitous to shine, nor anxious to 
become rich, he lost few friends, and made few 
enemies. These qualities had their influence ; for, 
they averted many of the wants and evils of de- 
clining years. He died a true believer upon the 
10 June 1810, aged—. 

— Sir W. Scott, who characterises Herd's work 
as " the first classical collection of Scottish Songs 
and Ballads," says that he was known and gene- 
rally esteemed for his shrewd, manly common 
sense and antiquarian science, and that from his 
hardy antique mould of countenance, and his 
venerable grizzled locks, he was known among 
his acquaintances by the name of Greysttil. 

Tlie liext inscription, from a tombstone near to 
that of Herd's mother at Marykirk, possibly 
relates to some of his relatives : — 

This stone is erected to the memory of JNIargaret 
Herd, late spouse to James Strachan, who died 
March 30, 1763, aged 50 ; and of their sou, David 
Strachan, who died iu infancy. James Strachan 
died June 6, 1782, aged 73 years. 

The next two epitaphs are from headstones : — 
John Lyal, Potbeidlie, d. 1742, a. .53 : — 
Deaths shade is made the hiding place, 
When uordly troubles do increase ; 
When conuerts young are called home, 
Before those troublous days do come, 
It warning giues to older sort 
To fly to Christ, their chief support, 
Though ye be young as well as I, 
Yet faith will learn you how to dy. 

EoBERT Hill, schoolmaster, d. 1784, a. 69, in the 
45th year of his office : — 

Thou hast the promise of eternal truth, 

Those who live well, and pious paths pursue, 
To man and to their maker true. 
Let 'em expire in age or youth, 

Can never miss 
Their way to everlastiug bliss. 



The following instances are given to show the 
long ages attained by some of the old residenters 
of the parish : — 

Margaret Clark, died 1833, aged 96 ; her 
daughter Elizabeth Sheret, died 1864, aged 90. 

Alex. Pyper died at Rosehill, 1825, aged 72 ; his 
spouse Elspet Cruickshank, died 1846, aged 84. 

David Towns, Arrat's Mill, predeceased his wife 
in 1729 :— 

Heel order Death, that porter rude, 

To open the gates of brass ; 
For, lo, with characters of blood 
Thy husband wrote thy pass. 
At Jordan deep then be not feared, 

Tho' dismal-like and broad ; 
Thy sun will guide, thy shield will guard — 

Thy husband paved the road. 
Heel lead thee safe, and bring thee Home, 

So still let blessings fall 
Of grace while here, till glory come — 
Thy husband's bound for all. 
David Wood's wife, aged 21 (1796) :— 
.Stop, passenger, here and read — 
The living may get knowledge from the dead : 
Here lies the mortal part of a beloved wife 
Who only lived 5 months a married life. 
Beside her father's dust and mother's. 
At the left side of a sister and brother's — 
Our family 7 in one arrangement be : — 
Consider this, man, that all must die. 

The church at Sauchieburn, now occupied by 
the Independents, was built by the Bereans in 
1773. One of the two remaining tombstones 
bears the curious inscription given below. The 
composition of the epitaph is ascribed to Mr 
M'Rae, a Berean preacher ; and the person com- 
memorated, (a son of Robert Wyllie, aged 12 
years), is said to have been accidentally scalded 
to death in a cauldron of boiling water : — 

Oh, that it were with me, 

As in the days of old. 

With children about me, 

In number manifold. 

But here mine only son, 

In this dark grave is laid, 

Who hindered not his father 

To sleep into his bed. 

Because that the oppressor, 
Upon his side had power ; 
And none to comfort me, 
Altho' I mourned sore. — (1789.) 

A pair of silver communion cups belonging to 
the parish bear : — 

Given to the Kirk of Aberluthnott by David Mel- 
vill and Jean Eait of Pitgarvie, 1715. 

— It appears that David Melvill was in Pitgarvie 
in 1699, as in the month of March of that year 
his " victual house" was broken into, and " several 
pockfulls of meal" stolen from it, by Wm. Ed- 
monstone, and his three sons, who lived at Bog- 
muir near Fettercairn, for which, and a number 
of other thefts, the elder Edmoustone was sen- 
tenced " to be hanged on a gibbet till he be dead." 
— (Black Book of Kincardineshire.) 

Aberluthnot was anciently a thanedom. 

It is just possible that one of the stones, about 
six feet long, which was found in the walls of the 
old church, had covered the grave of some of 
the lairds of Mary kirk. It " was carved round 
the edge ; had the impression of a large broad 
sword, suspended at no great distance from the 
top, the whole length of the stone. Opposite to 
this sword was engraved a figure of an elliptic 
form, from which jjroceeded a lance or spear, 
nearly the same length."— (Old Stat. Acct.) 

At Balmanno (anciently a seat of the Auchin- 
LECKs of that ilk), ia S. John's Well, where, 
possibly, there had been a place of worship in old 
times. With some probability, a like inference 
might be drawn from the ancient spelling of In- 
glismaldie (Ecclesmadie), and Maidie's (? IMag- 
dalene's) Well. A circular hollow in the woods 
of Hatton is called the Popish Kirk, where, it is 
said, there was once a chapel. 

There was an Episcopal church at the village of 
Luthermuir ; and there, in 1782, Bishop John 
Skinner of Aberdeen, son of the author of Tul- 
lochgorm, was consecrated. The church was sub- 
sequently removed to Rosehill, near the bridge 
which crosses the Luther, on the Laurencekirk road, 
where it long remained. It is from this place 




that the Earl of Xorthesk takes his second title 
of Lord Rosehill. 

Inglisiiialdie was acquired by Sir John Car- 
negie, afterwards Earl of North esk, in 1635, by 
whom, or bis successor, the castle was erected. 
Like many castles of the jjeriod, the beams in the 
ceiling of the hall were painted with scripture 
quotations ; but these are now covered by lath 
and plaster. Inglismaldie was afterwards bought 
by Lord Halkerton, and came by heirship to the 
Earls of Kiutore. 

There was also a castle at Caldhame. From 
this property the Earls of IMiddleton took the 
title of baron ; and it was here, while sitting in 
his chair, that jMontrose's soldiers shot the father 
of the first Earl of Middleton. A carved stone, 
built into the farm offices, is inscribed lavs deo. 
Two other slabs bear shields : One with the ini- 
tials I. B., and the date of 16-7, is charged with 
the Barclay arms. The other, initialed A. B : 
I. S., bears the same arms impaled with those of 
Wood. More recently Caldhame became the pro- 
perly of Keiths ; and a stone slab, built into the 
wall of the bridge at Caldhame, bears a shield, 
with the arms partially effaced, and this inscrip- 
tion : — 

1744 : George Keith of Caldhame. 
Renewed, 1783. 
— This bridge, which crosses the Luther on the 
road between Fettercairn and Montrose, and con- 
sists of three arches, was first built by Keith, 
who gave £100 Scots towards its maintenance. 
If not required for that purpose, the interest of 
the money has to be expended annually among 
the poor of the parish, not on the poor's roll. 
The last Keith of Caldhame left an only daughter. 
She married Ogiivy of Lunan, and he sold the 

Just the year before the bridge of Caldhame 
was built, Keith's house was broken into by Ran- 
dell Courteney, an Irishman, who effected an 
entrance by going down the kitchen chimney. 
(Scots Magazine.) Courteney was hanged near 
Fettercairn, at a place still known as Randell's 
Knap, 21 Sep. 1743. 

According to old charters, there was a stone 

bridge across the North Esk, near to where the 
burn of Luthnot joins that river, as early as the 
12th century. The present Marykirk Bridge 
consists of four arches, each of 58 feet span : its 
extreme length is 350 feet. The bridge was 
founded in 1811, and opened for traffic in 1815, 
at a cost of about £10,000. 

The church bell of Marykirk is dated 1826. 
It is said that a previous bell was broken by 
being hit by a stone by some of the Duke of 
Cumberland's soldiers in 1746. It is also told 
that one Sunday, while the bell was cracked, a 
waggish schoolmaster, or precentor, handed a 
paper to the minister as he entered the pulpit ; 
and, believing it to be a bona fide production re- 
garding a dying parishioner, his reverence gravely 
announced, at the proper time, that " the prayers 
of the congregation were requested on behalf of 
jSIaru Bt/I, in great distress .'" 

1 ^ W 1 11 I c. 


I'f'HE church of Newti/l, in the diocese of St 
gb4b Andrews, dedicated by Bishop David in 
1242, was given to the Abbey of Arbroath by 
King William the Lion. 

The present church, built in 1767 (which is 
about to be replaced by a new edifice), stands upon 
a slight eminence at the west side of the village. 
In early times it had been surrounded by a marsh, 
A tablet is fixed into the outside of the south 
wall, upon which is the following inscription : — 

Post mortem vita. Infra conditiir qnod reli- 
quum est Jacobi Alison, hujus paroechite quon- 
dam incolaj et decoris ; nisi quod viri praestautis- 
simi supersunt et vigent virtutes hoc marmore 
perenniores : rara soil prudentia intaminata fides, et 
pietas nescia fraudis. Pater fuit facillimus, conjux 
charissimus, et certus amicus, omnibus a'quus, 
benevolus, et charus, et ut cetera complectar, 
eximie probus. Itaq, cum honesto, humili, forti, 
sanctotj^ auinio, hominibus, maritis, socijs omnibus 
exemplum consecrasset integerrimum, terris animo 



major, ad similes evolavit superos. Natus erat 
.... denatus 4 Feb. 1737. 

Mors certa est, incerta dies, incertior hora ; 

Consulat ergo animo qui sapit usq, suo. 

[Beneath is laid what remains of James Ausok, 
sometime an inhabitant of this parish, and its orna- 
ment, save that, more lasting than this monument, 
the virtues of a most excellent man — viz., rare pru- 
dence, unsullied honour, and piety without guile — 
survive unimpaired. He was a most indulgent 
father, a most affectionate husband, and a sure 
friend — just, kind, loving to all ; and, to sum up, 
a man of distinguished probity. Accordinglj^, after 
he had set before husbands, companions, and men 
iu general, a most perfect pattern of integrity, 
humility, fortitude, and piety, his soul, fitted for a 
nobler sphere than earth, soared aloft to join the 
society of kindred spirits in the realms above. He 
was born .... and died 4 Feb. 1737. 

Death is certain, the day uncertain, the hour 
more uncertain. Let him then who is wise ever 
consult the interests of his soul. ] 

— Mr Alison was long factor and manager of the 
estates of Belmont for Lord Privy Seal Mackenzie, 
iu which office he was succeeded by his son 
Patrick. The latter died proprietor of Stonee, 
part of Balbrogie, and Newhall, &c., near Cupar 
Angus, in the year 1795, on which occasion, Mr 
P. Alison being a trustee appointed by the 
celebrated Geo. Dempster of Dunnichen to act 
alonpf with him in the administration of a grant 
by Mr James Taylor, of Middlesex, of certain 
funds for the education of poor children in the 
parish of Kettins, {q. r.) — Mr Dempster, in 
offering the vacant office to Mr Murray of Lin- 
trose, wrote that gentleman the following cha- 
racteristic letter upon the subject, which is here 
published for the first time : — 

"Skibo, by Tain, Dec. 19, 1795. 
"Dr. Sir, — I learn from Mr Blair of Dundee 
that poor Peter Alison has paid the Debt of nature. 
There is a little mortification for poor scholars in 
the Parish of Ketins, which he took the trouble to 
manage. I wish you would do me and the poor 
Children in that Parish, the favour to take charge 
of this Fund. If you will have that goodness, this 
Letter will be Authority enough for Mr Alison's 

Ex's to deliver up the Book, and Col. Fothering. 
ham's Bond to you. A minute should be made in 
the Book of your being chosen Trustee in Mr Ali- 
son's Poom, which j\Ir Hallyburton would sign 
now, and I the first Time I come to that Country. 
I beg to offer respectfull Compliments to Mrs Mur- 
ray and Capt. Murray, and that you ^vill consider 
this offer as the secret mark of respect, with which 
I am, Dear Sir, 

" Your most obedient and most humble Servant, 
"George Dempster." 

Several monuments are built into the west wall 
of the churchyard. Not long ago, the oldest of 
these presented familiar quotations from Horace, 
&c. These stones, however, have been removed, 
to make room for a pavement slab, which bears 
that " this ground was purchased from the Kirk- 
sesion of Newtyle as certified and recorded." 
The following Latin inscription (surmouted by a 
shield bearing the Blair and Pattullo arms im- 
paled), is still in good preservation : — 

Hie reqviescit vir prvdens, ac gravis, generosa 
de Balgillo familia ortus, Magister Gvlielmvs 
Blairvs, qvi placide ac pie obiit 16 ISTovem. an. 
Dom. 1656, setat. svse 58. In cvjvs memoriam 
conjvnx ejvs amantissima Evphana Pattvllo 
hvnc tvmvlvm extrvxit jvxta evm, ex qvo filiam 
habet octennem, sepelienda. 

Vivit post fvnera virtvs. 

Cvjvs hie tvmvlvm cernis nvuc incola cceli est, 

Corporis exvvias qvam premis abdit hvmvs. 

[Here rests a grave and prudent man, descended 
from the honourable family of Balgillo, Master 
^yILLIAM Blair, who died calmly and piously (as 
above). This monument has been erected to his 
memory by his most loving spouse Euphana Pat- 
tullo, who intends to be herself buried beside him, 
by whom she has a daughter eight years of age. 
Virtue survives the grave. 

He whose tomb you see now lives on high. 

And 'neath your feet his lifeless ashes lie.] 
—There were Pattullos contemporary lairds of 
Kinochtry, near Cupar-Angus, Patrick Blair, 
4th of Balthayock, had charters of Balgillo 
in Angus, 1393. One of the Balgillo Blairs was 

Possibly the partial mutilation of the above 



tomb and the late purchase of the ground were 
effected by a family named Watson, once farmers 
at Auchtertyre, to whom there are two or three 
monuments within the enclosure. One of these, 
with armorial bearings, and the motto, have 
FAITH, is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of George Watson, Esq. , 
Bannatyne House, and Jean Rose, his beloved 
wife. He, as a magistrate and man, was most 
justly esteemed. She was sole heiress of the 
ancient families of Moray, and Kiunaird of Culbin 
in Morayshire. As a mother and wife most exem- 
plary. All who knew her loved her. 1813. 

— It is stated in the Kilravock papers Cp. 82), 
that " John Rose, now of Bredley, who by Jean 
Kynaird, a daughter of the familie of Culbin, is 
father to Hugh and John Rose." This fact 
probably bears out the statement in the inscrip- 
tion. Hugh, the last of the Watsons who farmed 
Auchtertyre and Keilor, born 1787, died 1865, 
was eminent as an agriculturist. 

The following inscriptions are from tombstones 
in the surrounding burial ground : — 

Heir lyis aue famos honist man Georg Mitchel, 
of age 52, indvaler in Balmav, d. 1625 ; and his 
spovs C. B. Andro Mitchel, and his spovs I. E. 
Heir lyis Isobel Mitchel, spovs to A. S. :— 
Death, oft deplor, bvt in thy dealing ivst, 
Pvtis vith the sped, the sheptor in the dvst. 

Upon a stone bearing a shield with the arms 
impaled (a cheveron, with a rose in base), and 
the initials T. M : M. H. :— 

Heir lyis ane famovs honest man Ihon Movo, 
being of age 66, deperted the 2 of Agvst in an. 
1632, he being hvsband to Magrat Halden. 

The following inscription is from the oldest of 
four stones erected to the memory of members 
of the same family. Direct descendants still 
survive as merchants in Dundee, &c : — 

Heir lyis Iames Iobson, son to lames lobson and 
Barbry Scot his spovs, indveler in the Haltown of 
Nevtyl, vho departed in Ivly 16G0, of age 9. And 
heir lyes Barbray Scot, his mother, frvgall and 
vertvovs, departed March 24, anno 1684, of age 67. 
My glas is rvn, 

Near the foregoing . — 

Heir lyes ane honest man Iames Ramsay in 

Avghtertyr of age 50, with his wif 

Ianet Whitton, died 15 Octor '73, of age 52 : and 
Iames Ramsay y"" son died 11 Nov '77, of age 
20 ; as also Iames, David, George, and Ianet 
PtiVJiSAYS, laefvll children to W^iliam P^amsay and 
Agnas Lovnie, in the said tovne. 
Wm. Ramsay, in Auchtertyre, a. 36 (1682) : — 
Vnder this stone interred doth ly 

This man of honest fame ; 
And of his wirtues while he liv'd 

His name doth fresh remaine. 
Who to his wife and pai'ents both 

A help and comfort was ; 
But now the Loi-d hath crowned him 
With joy in heavenly bless. 

Upon a flat stone, initialed G. M : K . B : M. B., 
and dated 1675, is the following epitaph in the 
form of an acrostic. It will be seen that Gii.kert 
MiLLE was the name of the person commemorated, 
that he was the father of twenty-six children by 
two wives, and that he attained the long age of 
100 years : — 

Great is the Wonders God hath Worked 

In Heaven, and Earth, and Sia ; 

Lykuays he many mercies hath, 

BeStoued Wpon Me. 

Euen in this World, an Hundred Years, 

Remain'd I honestlie ; 

Tuo Weded Wives the tym I had ; 

Much Comfort was to Me. 

In Wedlocks Band ue Procreat 

Lauffully Ws Betuix ; 

Loues Pledges, Whos Right number wer, 

Euen tuo tymes tenn and Six. 
My Spritt to God, I do committ, 
My Body to the Graue ; 
When Christ shall com and jidg shall sitt, 
Shall them Both Recauie. 
Upon a stone near the middle of churchyard : — 

Heir lyes the bodies of Iohn Don, and Barbra 
Thom, his spovse, iudvellers in Hill of Kellor. His 
age 60, hir age 65. They both dyed in the month 
of Ivne '98. 
A stone, near the south wall, bears: — 

Here lys ane honest man Allexander Badan, 



w^ 4 wiues, and 4 children, who departed this life 
luly 18, 1702, of age 59. All dyed iu Bvrnmovth. 
Also James Badan, hvsband to Agues Horn. He 
dyid in Denhead, 1715, aged 36 : — 

That tyrant Death of him did us bereave. 
But we beleive that C4od did him receive. 

AnnWilkie, wf. of David Baxter, d. 1753, a. 59: — 
that men in this world would live, said I, 
As not to be ashamed to live, nor afraid to die ; 
For all our friends and neighbours to us dear. 
Unto our lives can't add a single year. 
The righteous need not fear the sting. 
For Christ will them to heaven bring. 

Heir lyis ane honest man Iohn Sliders, and 
IsoBALL Marten his spovs, indvellars in Ballmav. 
She died May 1678, her age 56. He died 18 Apryl 
1702, of age 75. Isoball Sliddrs, dovghter to 
Iohn Sliddrs and lanet Small, of her age 9 yeirs : — 

This honest man Is from us gone, 

Whose body Lyes Within this Tomb ; 

His honest Reputation ShaLL 

Remain To Generations ALL ; 

His Blessed Soull for Ever more, 

Doth magnify The King of Glore. 
Heir lyes ane honest man William Iackson, 
merchant, and hvsband to Anna Meal, indwellers 
in Newbigging, with seven children, sons and 
davghters. He departed the 16 ilay of March 1703, 
of his age 61 : — 

The man here lyes who did always 

While here he being hade ; 

.... wpright both to God and man, 

To what he did or said. 

A small stone cross bears : — 

In memory of Wee Maggie, daughter of David 
Duncan, leader of the psalmody in this parish. 
Died 4 June 1864. 

Upon an obelisk : — 

George Browster, schoolmaster of the parish 
of Newtyle, died 17Feb. 1838, aged 82, andinthe52d 
year of his incumbency. Erected by the pupils of 
the deceased, who, during his day on earth, faith- 
fully and usefully discharged the duties of his 
office in this parish. — 1840. 

Invitum sequitur honor. 

A plain headstone, near the south-east corner 
of the kirk, presents this inscription : — 

Erected at the instance of Robert Small, farmer 
in Boghead, in memory of his father Robert Small, 
who died 1771, aged 72 : — 

Here lies the dust of Robert Small, 
Who, when in life, was thick, not tall ; 
But what's of greater consequence. 
He was endowed with good sense. 
how joyful the day in which 
Death's pris'ner shall be free, 
And in triumph o'er all his foes 
His God in mercy see. [Revised 1838.] 

There was a chapel (S. ) in old times upon 

the Hill of Keilor, about a mile west of the village 
of Newtyle, not far from which stands a sculp- 
tured stone. A weem, or underground chamber, 
and other traces of early occupation, have been 
found in the same locality. 

Hatton Castle, a picturesque ruin, south of 
the village, bears the date of 1575, which cor- 
responds with the period of the 4th Lord Oliphant, 
whose ancestor. Sir Walter of Aberdalgie, had a 
grant of Newtyle and Kinpurnie, from Robert I., 
iu 1318. These lands continued iu the noble 
family of Oliphant until the early part of the 17th 
century, when they were sold to Hallyburton of 
Pitcur, from whom they passed, in the course of 
50 or 60 years, to a son of the celebrated Sir 
George Mackenzie. An observatory, the roofless 
walls of which form so striking an object upon 
the summit of Kinpurnie hill, was built by Lord 
Privy Seal Mackenzie ; and the property was 
inherited by the Stuart-Wortley family, now 
represented by Lord AVharncliffe. 

Bannatyne, or Ballautyne House, near the 
church, which is in excellent preservation, built 
about 1589, belonged to the family of George 
Bannatyne, the collector of the ancient poetry 
of Scotland. It was in honour of him that the 
famous literary society of Edinburgh— the Ban- 
iiatijne Club — was named. 



^ utlti I. 

(S. PETER.) 

THE kirk of DotJiol, in Elginshire, was a pre- 
bend of the cathedral of Moray, and was 
given to it by Gilbert, eldest son of the Earl 
of Strathern, 1224-4-'. 

In 1630, the parishes of Uuthil and Rothie- 
murchus were united. 

A rude baptismal font, of granite, stands at 
the church of Duthil. According to the Old 
Stat. Account (vol. iv. p. 311), the kirk was built 
in 1400, which is possibly a misprint for 1600, or 
some later date. It stood until about 1826, 
when the present house was erected. 

A mausoleum of granite, belonging to the Earls 
of Seafield, adjoins the church ; and there, it is 
said, the Grants of Castle Grant have had their 
place of burial since the year 1585. The first of 
the Grants is said to have been Gregory (sheriff 
of Inverness in the time of Alexander II.,) 
who married a daughter of Bisset, lord of Lovat. 
From that time the surname frequently occurs in 
charters and other authentic documents. It was 
in consequence of Sir Ludovick Grant having 
married Margaret, daughter of the 5th Earl of 
Seafield, that Grant of Grant succeeded to the 
estates and titles of the Earldom of Seafield, &c. 

The following inscription, upon a marble tablet 
within the church, relates to a grandson of the 
under-mentioned minister of Abernethy, who was 
previously at Duthil : — 

Capt. William Grant, 27th Regt. Bengal N.I., 
Assistant Adjutant General of Affganistan, eldest 
son of the late Major Grant, Aiichterblair, was 
killed in miction at Gundermiick, during the dis- 
astrous retreat of the British Army from Cabool, 
on the 13 of January 1842, aged 38 years. Erected 
by his bereaved widow. 

The next bears the names of the uncle and 
grand-father of the above Capt. W. Grant : — 

Erected by James Augustus Grant, Esq. of View- 
field, in memory of his ancestors of the family of 
Milton, who have had from a remote period their 
last resting place here ; and where too are deposited 

the remains of his father, the Revd. John GranT, 
minister of Abernethy, who died 21 January 1820. 

— It is told that the minister, having several sons 
in the army during the Peninsular war, was in 
the habit of reading the newspapers upon Sun- 
days to his congregation, when anything of 
importance occurred regarding the progress of 

The following is upon a stone witliin an en- 
closure : — 

Alexander Grant of TuUochgorm died 28 
February 1828, aged 97, and Makgaret Grant, 
his wife died 15 April 1850, aged 67. 

Alexander Grant of Tullichgriban, Esq., died 
22d Feb. 1829, aged 98 years ; and his widow 
Margaret Grant, died 15 April 1849. Erected 
by their only child, Isabella-Elizabeth, wife of 
General Sir Lewis Grant. 

John Grant, and Elizabeth Lumsden, his 
spouse, both departed this life on the 9th Feb. 
1806. Their son, Colonel Sir ]\Iaxwell Grant, 
K.C., died 22d Oct. 1823. 

— The above refers to one of the Muckroch family, 
the first of whom was the 4th son of Sir John 
Grant of Grant, who was knighted by James VI., 
and died soon after the year 1625. Muckroch 
castle, the ruins of which still remain, is said to 
have been built in 1598 ; also, that the lands of 
Muckroch were excambed with the laird of Grant 
for those of Rothiemurchus. 

Margaret CtnviiNG, died 20th June 1/90, aged 
82, wife first of Robert Grant, farmer, Aangormack, 
next to Patrick Cuming, farmer, at Easter Duthil. 
"Name what a Consort, a Parent, and a Friend, 
in her station, should be — and she was that." 

A rough slab, upon which a hammer, square, 
chisel, and a gun, are rudely carved, bears this 
brief inscription : — 

Here lyes Donald Cuming, son of Patrick Cum- 
ing, Duthil. 1774. 

The next three inscriptions are from tombstones 
erecte<l to certain of The Men, as they are locally 
called : — 

Duncan Cuming, merchant. Bridge of Endy, 
Coilum, Rothiemurchus, who died 21 Feb. 1839; 



aged 65, "was the last 26 years of liis life efTec- 
tually called to an enlightened mind to love and to 
believe the Holy Scripture." 

John M'Intosh, late farmer, Torspartan, died 
27 Nov. 1843, aged 65 : — "A man distinguished for 
zeal, love, sweet communion, was, for the last 35 
years of his life, called to repentance. He was 
gifted with a spirit of love, prayer, and charitable 
feelings to distressed souls, persuading them to fly 
from the wrath to come. This is erected by his 
affectionate neighbours, as a token of their regards 
towards him." 

George Cameron, farmer, TuUochgorm, died 5 
Feb. 1848, aged 79 :— " For the last 28 years of his 
life he was brought to sharp repentance, to be a 
self-denying Christian, and to have love to the 
brethren. " 

— The Men were those who professed to have 
been brought to a sense of their error by some 
miraculous means, after which they made it their 
business to go about and expouud the Holy Scrip- 
tures to their neighbours. The appellation of 
The Men of Ross has been long given to laymen 
of that county, who acted in the way indicated. 
The Men of Duthil had great faith : not long ago, 
in the time of The Men above named, when the 
Spey changed its course at a particular spot, 
The Men believed that Providence had made it do 
so in obedience to their prayers, and had the same 
recorded upon a stone, which they placed at the 
point where the river had diverged ! 

The district of Duthil appears to have been the 
property of the Earls of Strathearn, prior to the 
time it fell into the hands of the Cumins, the old 
lords of Badenoch. It was afterwards owned by 
Sir John (grandson of Gregory Grant of Grant), 
who is said to have married the heiress of Cumin, 
and thus acquired the lauds. Duthil is still held 
by a descendant of Sir John, the Earl of Seafield, 
who is accounted chief of the Clan Grant. He 
married the youngest daughter of the late Lord 
Blantyre, and has issue, Viscount Reidhaven, 
born 1851. 

On the west side of the burial-ground, unmarked, 
•as yet, by any monument, lie the remains of Jan 

Manndacu, or Lom, the celebrated Jacobite 
poet, who, after the defeat of his party at Cul- 
lodeu, found, in his flight from the battle field, 
an asylum in the farm house of Lochauhully, 
where he died, after a brief illness, caused by 
fatigue and disappointment. 

Although there are few objects of antiquity in 
the district, it can boast of many curious and in- 
teresting traditions ; the more noteworthy of which 
have been preserved by Sir T. D. Lauder, and by 
local writers, particularly by "Gleumore," in his 
Legends of Strathspey. 

Ij n V ^ V « V (itt . 

(S. FETEPv.) 

ALCOLM, Earl of Fife, gave the church of 
Inverhoven, and a davoch of land, to the 
Bishop of Moray, 1228. Inveravon was the seat 
of the chancellor of the diocese ; and the vicarages 
of Kuockando, in Moray, and Urquhart, in Inver- 
ness-shire, depended upon it.— (Shaw's Moray.) 

The church, erected in 1809, stands on the 
south bank of the Spey; and S. Peter's Well, 
which was once considered an effectual cure for 
most diseases, is about 400 yards south-east of 
the church. At no distant date, votive offerings 
were found in the well ; and Peter Fair, now 
held at Dalnashaugh, stood near the consecrated 

A sculptured stone, with a raven, and other 
carvings, lies within the site of the old 
church. The burial aisle of Grant of Ballandal- 
loch, a recent building, stands apart from the 
church. It contains three tablets. The first, 
which is of Peterhead granite, bears : — 

A tribute of filial affection and grateful esteem 
to the memory of Sir George Macpherson-Grant 
of Ballaudalloch and Invereshie, Baronet. Born 
25 Feb. 1781 ; died 24 Nov. 1846. 
— Sir G., who was long M.P. for Sutherlandshire, 
was created a baronet in 1838, He married 
Mary, eldest daughter of Carnegy of Craigo, in 



Angus. Their third son Thomas, W.S., Edin- 
burgh, succeeded to the valuable estate of Craigo, 
&c., on the death of his cousin Thomas, the last 
of the male line of that branch of the Carnegys. 
(v. p. 90.) Sir G.'s eldest son John, to whom 
the next inscription refers, only survived his father 
four years : — 

This tablet is placed here by Dame Marion- 
Helen Campbell, in memory of her beloved husljand, 
Sir John Macpherson-Grant of Ballandallocli and 
Invereshie, Bart. Born 3 Augt. 1804; died 2d 
Dec. 1850. 

The following, from a marble slab, records the 
death of Sir John's wife, who was a daughter of 
Campbell of Ballimore, Argyllshire : — 

This tablet is placed here by Sir George Mac- 
pherson-Grant of Ballandallocli and Invereshie, 
Baronet, in memory of his beloved mother, Dame 
Marion-Helen Campbell. Born 12 Oct. 1810 ; 
died 5 June 1855. 

— The Invereshie branch of the Macphersons claim 
descent from Gillies, od son of Ewan Baan (the 
fair Ewan), who lived in the time of Alex. II. 
He was of the clan Chattan ; and the succession 
of the clan having devolved uiDon the sons of 
Muriach, a parson or priest, the family is said to 
have assumed the name of Macparson, or son of 
the parson. George Macpherson of Invereshie 
and Dalraddie married Grace, daughter of Colonel 
Wm. Grant of Ballaudalloch. On the death of 
his descendant. General James Grant, the Ballau- 
dalloch estates came to George Macpherson, 
nephew, and subsequently heir of William of 
Invereshie, when he assumed the surname of 
Macpherson-Grant, and, as above noticed, was 
created a baronet. This family claim to be de- 
scended on the Grant side from John (son of 
Patrick of Grant), who lived during the first half 
of the 16th century. 

Besides the burial aisle in the churchyard, a 
mausoleum, now surrounded by wood, erected in 
1807, occupies an elevated position in the west 
corner of the Bowmoon park, overlooking Ballau- 
dalloch Castle and a great part of Strathspey. 
Here, by special request, were deposited the 
ashes of the above-named General Jas. Grant. 

The mausoleum is a square building of native 
granite, with a column rising from the centre, 
overtopt by a vase. A marble tablet irpon the base 
of the column is thus inscribed : — 

Memoriaj sacrum Jacobi Grant de Ballandal- 
loch, in exereitu Britannico Ducis, undecimaj pedi- 
tum legionis, Prtefecti, atqiie Castelli de Stirling 
Custodis, nati— die Novembris 1720, qui deces- 
sit 13 die Aprilis 1806. Hoc monumeutum posuit 
Georgius Macpherson-Grant de Ballandalloch. 
— The body of the General rests in the vault be- 
low. The outer casing consists of a coffin-shaped 
tomb of light grey marble, set upon a large 
granite slab. Upon the top of the coffin are the 
Grant arms and motto, surrounded by nicely 
sculptured banners and other troi^hies of war. 
The following inscription (of the same import as 
that in Latin), is upon the top of the tomb below 
the family arms : — 

James Grant of Ballandalloch, General in Hia 
Majesty's Army, Colonel of the 11th regiment of 
foot, and Governor of Stirling Castle, born — 
Nov. 1720, died 13 April 1806. 
— Gen. G., who succeeded to Ballandalloch on the 
death of his nephew, Col. W. Grant, about 1770 
greatly.distinguished himself during the American 
War, and was some years Governor of Florida. 

The following inscriptions are selected from 
tombstones in the kirkyard of Inveravon : — 

Heir lyes ane honest man caled Willam Mc- 
WiLLiE, who livid in the Cories, who departed the 
10 of Ivne 1685 ; and Ketren Gordons his spovse. 

Here lyes the James Stuart, late 

fai'mer in Cottertown of Balindalloch, who departed 
this life the 3 of . . . 1749, aged . . 

An enclosure, on the south side of the kirk, 
contains a number of tombstones to Grants who 
have tenanted farms in Inveravon. From these 
the next two inscriptions are copied : — 

From motives of filial esteem and respect for the 
memories of John Grant, formerly in Glenarder, 
who died 12 Nov. 1797, aged 84 years ; and William 
Grant, who was some time farmer at Dalnapot, 
who died 16 Jan. 1815, aged 39, this stone was 
placed over them by Peter Grant in Craigroy, 
grandson of the former, and brother of the latter. 



Here lies the body of Charles Grant, farmer at 
Boat of Aveu, who died Feb. 4, 1758, aged 76, and 
of his spouse, Anna Cummixg, who died Aprile 20, 
1736, aged 63. In memory of them, John and 
Alex. Grants, their sons, erected this stone. 

—Those recorded in the last-quoted inscription 
were the direct ancestors of Jas. Grant, writer, 
Elgin, who was fifteen years provost of that city, 
and projector of the railways from Elgin to 
Craigellachie, and to Lossiemouth, &c. 

William Grant, Esq., many years tacksman of 
Tombreckachie, terminated his earthly course with 
high and well merited esteem, on Saturday 3 June 
1815, at the advanced age of 85 years. 
Two separate and adjoining stones bear : — 

James Grant, farmer, Pitgavenie, near Elgin, 
died 1771 : He was a iDious and honest man, a 
tender husband, a most dutiful parent, and a good 
neighbour. His remains ly interred under this 
stone, which was placed over them by his son, 
Mr James Grant, minister of Inuerauen, who died 
3 Feb. 1795, in the 77th year of his age, and 43d 
of his ministry. 

Mrs Maroaret Macgregor, died 7 Dec. 1841, 
daughter of Jas. Macgregor, Esq. of Pittyvaich.* 
The Eev. Wm. Grant, minister of Invei-avon, died 
12 April 1833, in the 75th year of his age, and 41st 
of his ministry. 
Within an enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Stewart, Esq. , 
late of Pittyvaich,* who departed this life, 5 Feb. 
1815, aged 74. 
In area of old kirk : — 

The Rev. Wm. Spence, minister of the Gospel at 
Inveravon, died 30 July 1807, in the 46th year of 
his age, and 12th of his ministry. 

This stone was erected here by John Hendeie 
who died the 24th Dec. 1815 in the 63d year of his 
age with the concurrence of Penual Cameron his 
spouse who died 7 May 1818 in the 57th year of 
her age. &c. 

Peter Hay, merchant and farmer in Dalchwrich, 
placed this stone here on his burying place, and his 
remains are interred under it. He died Dec. 30, 

• The expression " of must, in the above, as in many similar 
instances, be taken advisedly. The parties so designed are 
often merely tenant-farmers. 

1793, aged 73 years. He was a fair trader, an 
honest man, and peaceable neighbour. Death is 
certain, sin is the cause of it, but Christ is the cure. 
Upon a granite headstone : — 

Captain GRANrr, tacksman of Advie and Mol- 
derie interred here May 1828, aged 90 years. He 
was the 7th in descent from Duncan the 9th laird 
of Grant, and 6th from Patrick Grant of Ballan- 
dalloch, who held the lands of Advie, first in wadset 
and afterwards in tack. His youngest son Capt. 
Lewis Grant of the 71st Eegt., died May 1812, of 
wounds received at the assault of Fort Napoleon and 
in the Tagus, when cheering and leading the High- 
landers to victory. Erected by Coll. W. Grant of 
Cloghill in memory of an honourable father, and a 
gallant brother ; also to his grandson, Charles 
Grant Campbell, Esq., Assistant Surgeon, R.N., 
who died at Rio de Janeirt), S. America, 6 Feb. 
1851, in the prime of life, and faithful discharge of 
his duty. 

This stone is placed here in memory of William 
Falcener, late farmer in Pitchaish, who died at 
Mains of Kinermouy, 4 May 1793, in the 74th year 
of his age ; and of seven of his children, who died 

An adjoining stone records the death of his wife 

Anna Rose, in 1821, aged 78, also that of a num- 
ber of their descendants. Three sons were mer- 
chants in New York, and another died farmer 
of Kinermony, 1849, aged 81. 

Alex. McDonald, farmer, Paikhead of Pitchash, 
d. 1809, a. 84 :— 

Heav'nward directed all his days. 
His life one act of prayer and praise ; 
With every modest grace inspired. 
To make him lov'd, esteem'd, admired. 
Crown'd with a cheerfulness that show'd 
How pure the source from whence it flow'd. 
Such was the man whose thread, when run, 
Finding the appointed time was come, 
To rest he sunk, without one sigh. 
The saint may sleep, but cannot die. 
Upon a headstone: — 

Erected to the memory of James McDonald, Esq. , 
late of Morant Bay, Jamaeca, who died at Charle.<5- 
ton of Aberlour, 6 April 1836, aged 42 ; Francis 
McDonald, Esq. of ISIorant Bay, died 19 June 1833, 
aged 38, natives of this parish. 




A costly tomb, composed of blue granite, with 
three marble slabs inserted, bears that — 

Charles Stewart, Esq., Deskie, who died 30 
Sep. 1826, aged 74, was upriglit in principle, dis- 
interested in character, and the poor man's friend. 

His widow, Mary, daughter of the late Jas. 
Gordon, Esq., Croughly, died 27 March 18.38, 
aged 66. 

Ann-Margaret, daughter of the above, spouse 
of Harry Lumsden, died 18 Nov. 1835, aged 27. 
Chas.-Geo. Lumsden, Asst. Surg. K. R. Hussars, 
died at Meerut, Bengal, 1862, aged 30. [Two other 
sons and a daughter are recorded.] 

Upon a table-shaped stone within same en- 
closure : — 

This stone is erected here by Robert Stewart, 
tenant in Wester Deskie, in memory of his spouse, 
Elspat Gordon, who died Jan. 31, 1781, aged 50 
years, who bore to him eleven children. 

The parish being very large, burial-places were 
numerous. Apart from that at Inveravon, there 
■were others at Chapelton, Haugh of Kilraaichlie, 
Lagmore, Bhuternich, Downan, &c. That of 

which is picturesquely situated near the junc- 
tion of the Livet and the Avon, is still used 
for interments, and contains a number of tomb- 
stones. From one of these the following inscrip- 
tion is copied : — 

McLac Achbreack t>. 1818 ag 90 '^ also 
HIS SPOUSE Grace Grant d 1814 ag 81. 
— From a better- cut version of the above, upon 
the reverse of the same stone (where the last age 
is given as 80), it appears that the first named 
was Georgp: McLaciilan, farmer, Auchbreck. 

The foundations of the old place of worship, 
which appears to have been a small building, may 
be traced near the middle of the enclosure at 
Downan. A stone slab bears a cross incised on 
both sides. It appears to be an object of some 
antiquity ; and, according to tradition, near it 
lie some of those who fell at the battle of Glen- 
livet, which was fought not far from it, between 
the armies of James VI., and those of the Popish 
Earls of Errol and Huntly, in 1594. 

There was long a Roman Catholic seminary at 
Scalan ; but on the institution of the College at 
Blairs, in Mary Culter, the students were trans- 
ferred to that place, (r. p. 115.) 

Handsome Roman Catholic chapels stand at 
Tombae, and at the Braes of Glenlivet. (S. Mary.) 
Over the principal entrance to the first (" The 
Church of the Incarnation"), are the words — 
christo et pur.*; virgini. 
A monument, built of granite, contains three 
separate tablets, thus inscribed; — 

4* Sacred to the memory of William Gordon, 
Esq., Minmore, who died 5 Nov. 1829, aged 74 
years. R. I. P. 

<^ Death, I will be thy death. Osee, ch. 13. 
Expecting a blessed resurrection, the mortal re- 
mains of Anne, the beloved wife of James Petrie, 
Esq. , here repose, 

In the/ea?' of the Lord, which, &c. 
In fait/!, without which, &c., please God. 
In hope, the anchor, &c., sure and iirm. 
In char'dij, which never faileth. 
She placidlj' resigned her spirit to its Creator, 
7th Sepr. 1858, aged 47 years :— 
' ' Her children rose up, &o. 
' ' Her husband, and he praised her. 
' ' Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain. 
' ' The woman that f eareth the Lord, she shall 
be praised. Prov. ch. xxxi. Requiescat in pace. 

►^ IHS. Sacred to the memory of Mary 
Stewart, spouse of Capt°. William Gordon, Min- 
more, who died 1 Octr. 1842, aged 63 years ; of 
their son, Capt°. John Gordon, H.E.I.S., who 
died at Singapore, 4th July 1833, aged 27 years ; 
of their daughter, Elizabeth-Stewart Forbes, 
who died at the Convent of Mercy, Glasgow, 10 
April 1834, aged 32 ; of their 3 sons and daughter, 
who died in infancy. Of Lewis Gordon, Esq., for 
many years Secretary to the Highland Agricultural 
Society of Scotland, who died at Aberdeen, 23 
January 1839, aged 72. And of Sir Charles 
Gordon, who died at Edinburgh, 25th Sepr. 1845, 
aged 52. Requiescant in pace. 
— Gordons have been long resident at Minmore, 
and it is from one of them that the present 
(Gordons of Abergeldie are descended in the male 
line. (v. p. 108.) The above Sir Charles, who 



married a sister of Angus Fletcher of Dunaus, 
Esq., was trained by his uncle, and ultimately suc- 
ceeded him in the office of Secretary to the High- 
land Agricultural Society. 

Interesting, and pretty complete specimens of 
so-called Druidical circles are at Ballandalloch, 
I^agmore, Belleville, and Balnellan, at the last- 
mentioned of which places fragments of a sculp- 
tured stone are built into the walls of the farm- 

The ruins of the castles of Drumin and Blair- 
findy are striking objects in the landscape. The 
first, of which three sides of the old keep remain, 
appears to have been a building of the 15th 
century, and the latter of the 17th. The former 
is situated so as to command the passes of the 
Avon and the Livet ; and the latter, which is 
near Miumore, in Glenlivet, is locally said to have 
been a hunting seat of the Earls of Huntly. 

T'he castle of Ballandalloch, near the confluence 
of the rivers of Avon and the Spey, has been 
recently enlarged and improved. It is a fine 
castellated chateau, situated in a tastefully laid- 
out lawn, surrounded by old trees. It commands 
a good view of the suri-oundiug country, and con- 
tains capital examples of the works of some of the 
more eminent of the old painters. 1 he family 
arms are carved upon a panel over the front door, 
below which, flanked by the words — 

Erected 1546 ; Restored 1S50— 
is tliis text, which was upon the old building : — 


— ^fhe date of 1602, and the initials P.G., are 
upon the back or oldest portion of the house. 

The bridge over the Avon, near the entrance 
to Ballandalloch Castle, was first built by General 
Grant in 1792 ; the present bridge, and that across 
the Livet at Downan, were built in 1803 and 1835, 
respectively. Those over the burns of Pitchaish 
and Tommore in 1816, and 1826. The two arches 
of the old bridge which crossed the Livet, from one 
group of rocks to another, have a singularly pic- 
turesque character, and are admirably suited for 
a picture. These are possibly of contemporary 

date with the castle of Blairfindy, for the use of 
the lords of which, the bridge was jjrobably 

But the old house of Kilmaichlie, which occu- 
pies a height on the left bank of the Avon, with 
its rows of old trees, is possibly the most beauti- 
fully situated of all the residences in the district. 
It was long a summer retreat of the Man of Feel- 
ing, by whom its beauties have been described 
in No. 87 of the Lounger. 

Extracts from the KirJc-session Eecords 
of Inveravon. 

The following extracts, selected from the Kirk- 
session Records of the parish of Inveravon, may 
interest the general, as well as the local reader, 
since they bear upon some curious obsolete cus- 
toms and historical events. Among these the 
applications of the " currachers," or ferryboat 
men to, and the restrictions put upon them by 
the Kirk-session, together with the destruction of 
the boats of Spey, and the burning of the house 
of Pitchaish in the time of the JNIarquis of Mon- 
trose, are possibly not the least curious. 

In the first extract, dated 20th Mai'ch 1636, it 
is stated that : — 

AUister MoAUim, " corrachar at Awin," applied 
to the Kii'k-session for "2 marks of ye comone 
good for atteitdiug ye Watter on ye Sabboth day, 
and for ferreing ye people to yo kirk." 

Subsequently (18 Nov. 1638) : — 

" Johue More, the curracher, gaif iu a siipplica- 
tione to ye Sessioue desyring support to buy a cur- 
rach, wherevpou the Sessione condescendit to give 
him his request pi'oviding alwayes he should be 
readie on the Sabboth day to attend the currach 
and ferrie the people over the water, comeing and 
going from the sermone." He received "two 
merkis to that effect." 

The term " scourger," as applied in the next 
extract (1 May, 1636), appears to have been 
equivalent to that of " rung the beggars" of a 
later date, and of a policeman of the present time: — 

"Jobne Dow admitted scourger to hold out 
strong Beggars and ith'" vagabonds o*^ of ye parish, 
and for his fie a peek of victuall in ye weeck.' 



The following is dated 12 June 1636 :— 

William Lesley in Dalraachie, was prohibited, 
under a penalty of £10 "not to resett ane stragler 
woman called Marie Dow." Subsequently (23 
Apr. 1637), Donald Dow, potter (?) to the baron of 
Kinnachlon, was also prohibited from reseting the 
same woman (whose character is less delicately 
given at this date), " aither by nycht or by day." 

The next two extracts, dated respectively 20lh 
Oct. 1639, and 6th April 1640, show the sort of 
articles which were given as pledges for the ful- 
filment of contracts of marriage, also the penalty 
imposed upon the illiterate of those days : — 

David Ross ratified a promise of marriage with 
Margt. Gordon, to be performed within 20 days 
instant, " A targe for y^ woman, and a doller for 
ye man, layed in pand in ye k. offrs hand vntil the 
day appointed forsaid." 

Thos. McJames contracted with Jonet Bayne— 
" a targe layed in pand for the man, and a sword 
for the woman, and yat for thair performance ; and 
to get the Lords prayer, the Belief, and lOcomande- 
ments w'in 20 days inst." 

There are few Session records of the period 
that do not contain entries similar to the follow- 
ing, which is dated 10th July 1642 :— 

The " practice of Pennie bry dells" was ordered to 
be discontinued; and it was also "ordained that there 
sail be no trouble nor pley, nor pyper, nor violer 
at anie brydell under the paine of ane doller." 

Many of the people of Inveravon and Kirk- 
raichael, &c., were, until the introduction of 
reaping machines, in the habit of going to the 
south of Scotland and hiring themselves as reapers, 
at which they were considered expert hands. 
This practice appears to be of an older date than 
is generally known, for nearly 230 years ago it 
was looked upon as an evil to the district ; and the 
Kirk-session (4th Sept. 1642), made a minute 
touching the case as follows : — 

" It wes regrated yat monie servants went out 
of ye cuntrie the tjone of haruest, and liued vpon 
the cuntrie the whole winter tyme. Therefore it 
wes ordained that whosoeuer went out of y° cuntrie 
W^out the minister's testimonial! should be comptd 
vagabounds ; and ye Pvesetters of these wUn the 

parish agayne, except they brought w' them a 
Testimonial! from the minister where they wrought 
in haruest, sail pay 10 libs." 

The next entry (12 Mar. 1643), bears upon a 
not uncommon feature in the art of witchcraft, 
and the alleged way by wliicli the charm was 
effected : — 

" The said daye comperat M.irgaret Walker and 
gaif in a bill of complaint against Allaster McCraw 
his wyff, for slandering her, alleadging yat ye said 
Margaret Walker hade taken awaye Allaster 
McCraw his wyffs milk, by going betuixt her and 
the fyre." Mrs M. was ordered to acknowledge 
her guilt before the pulpit. 

Tlie next two extracts (dated respectively 21> 
Sept. 1644, and 16 Feb. 1645), relate to the 
doings of the Great Montrose, or his army, when 
on their march from the north to Balveny castle. 
It is said that a portion of the present building of 
the house of Pitchaish is that which was erected 
after the destruction of the one referred to in the 
second extract : — 

"About this tyme James Grahame, sometyme 
Earle of Montrose, joyned with the Irishes and 
troubled the whole cuntrey, and thus hindered botli 
convention and discipline of the kirk." 

" No preaching nor collection, the minister him- 
self having left his awin hous, the Enemy's armie 
of Irishes being in the cuntrey ; at the q'k tyme 
the boats of Spey were broken ; and the lious of 
Pitchaish wes burnt immediatelie after the light of 

The following (4 May, 1645), shows the un- 
settled state of the times consequent on the Civil 
Wars, and the weakness of the executive of the 
kirk : — 

" The minister regraited the pitiefull case of y*-' 
parish where, that no delinquents could be broght 
to make yair repentance or paye anye penaltyes, 
Notwithstanding yat he hade taken caution of 
sundrie who hade gotten anie benefit of ye kirk 
fra him, and yat there could be als litle order 
gotten of ye cautioners as of ye delinquents them- 
selfs, the fovr honest men [i.e. the elders] who 
were put ansured, they coidd not help the busines 
bot regrate it. Likewayes in respect tlie heads of 
ye cuntrey were not at home, the one-half being 



against the other, some with the Enemye, and some 
in garrisone houses." 

Under 3d August 1C45 is this salutary resolu- 
tion : — 

It was resolved that "no ayl nor aquavitse sould 
be sold in tjone of divine seruice, in respect through 
the troubles of ye tymes the people taks occasion to 
abyde from the Kirk, to fall out in pleyea and 

The next extract (10 Aug. 1645), has reference 
to a common sort of transgression : — 

" A tumult being in ye kirk yeard in tyme of di- 
vine service, after try all it wes found yat Grisall 
Roy and Mariorie Audersone were scolding and 
flyting in ye kirkzeard, and y^fore being both 
apprehended were pntly put in the Jouggs, and 
ordained to acknoledge their fault publickly the 
nixt Sabboth befor the congregation." 

Considering the nature of the offence, the above 
may have been a fair punishment for the delin- 
quents ; but that shadowed forth in the next ex- 
tract (16 August 1704), so far as it relates to 
"children not capable of church censure,'' must 
be viewed in a very different light : — 

"Ane Act against Clavies. — That whereas it 
hath been the custome and practise of many in this 
parish of Inveravine, to goe about yi" folds and 
corues with kindled Torches of firr, Superstitiouslie 
and Idolotrouslie asscribing yt power to the fire 
of sanctifieing yr comes and cattell q^^^ is only 
proper and peculiar to the true and living God, a 
practise proper rather to the heathens who are 
ignorant of God, than to be practisd by them y' 
live under the light of the glorious Gospell ; There- 
for, the Session did, and hereby doeth enact that, 
whosoever shall be found guiltie of the fors<i super- 
stitious and heathenish practises, shall be proceeded 
agst as scandalous persons, and censured according 
to the demerit of y'" crime ; and if it shall be found 
that they be children not capable of church censure, 
that in y' case, their names be keept in record, 
and they declar'd incapable of any church priviledge 
when arrived att the years of discretion, or any 
testimoniall from the session, till they remove the 


RpHE church of Inuyrnochy was given to the 
M, Priory of Monymusk by Gilchrist, Earl of 
Mar, 1199-1207. It was afterwards (July ] 256), 
with consent of Thomas, Earl of Mar, erected 
into a prebend of the cathedral of Aberdeen. 
In May previously, his Lordship, on presenting 
Sir John of Marr, rector of Invernochty, to the 
rectory of the kirk of Dauachyndore (Auchindoir), 
vacant by the death of Sir Thos. of Meldrum, re- 
quested the Bishop of Aberdeen to join the latter 
church to the former ; but that does not appear 
ever to have beeia done. 

The present church stands upon the south bank 
of the Don, oj^posite to where the water of Nochty 
joins the Don. An old church, built in 1757, was 
erased in 1851, and the present edifice erected at 
a cost of about £2500. It has a spire, is a 
spacious and neatly finished place of worship, and 
contains a number of monuments. 

Forbes of Newe :— 
The burial place of Forbes of Newe, the chief 
heritor of the parish, is at the east end, separated 
from the nave of the church by a low railing. It 
contains four monuments, one of freestone and 
three of white marble. The first, which bears a 
carving of the Forbes arms, flanked by the initials 
W. F. : H. F., is thus inscribed : — 

Here lyes William Forbes of New who depart . . 
the 10 of lanvary 1698, the 76 yeir of age :— 
Remember man, as thou goes by, 
As thou art now, so once was I ; 
As I am now, so must thou be ; 
Remember man that thou must die. 

— According to the Poll Book, the above Forbes 
had a wife, a daughter, and two sons living with 
him in 1696. He is said to have been the first 
Forbes of Newe; and possibly his wife was a 
kinswoman of his own. "William Forbes, younger 
of New, a gentleman," his wife, and three children 
are charged under the same list. The exact con- 



nection between the above-named Forbes and the 
present family is not established. In 1494, Dun- 
can Forbes pursued certain persons for withhold- 
ing from him the tack and mailing of Inuernochty 
and Bellabeg, with their pertinents, at which time 
these estates were Mar property. Bellabeg after- 
wards belonged to Gordon of lluntly, subsequently 
to the Lords Elphiustone. (v. p. 65). 

Forbes of Newe claims descent from Wm., of 
Daach, 2d son of Sir Alex, of Pitsligo. The fol- 
lowing inscription is from a marble to the memory 
of the undoubted progenitors of the present 
family of Forbes of Newe : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. George Forbes, 
eldest son of John Forbes of Bellabeg and minister 
of the Gospel at Lochell, lie died at New, August 
30, 1799, in the 62nd year of his age, and 37th of 
his ministry, and was interred in the burial ground 
of the family within this church, where three of 
his cMldren are also buried : — Christian, born 
August 4, 1770, died June 12, 1782 ; and two other 
daughters, Christian and Katharine, who died 
in eai'ly infancy. Likewise Katherine Stewart, 
only daughter of Gordon Stewart of Drummin,* 
and spouse of the said George Forbes, who died at 
New on the 3d November ISOS, in the GSth year 
of her age. [c. note* p. 45.] 

The next mentioned John Forbes, who realised 
a large fortune as a merchant in Bombay, bought 
the property of Newe, &c., in his father's life- 
time. In addition to the improvement of his 
property, he left large donations to public charities 
in Aberdeen and elsewhere : — 

To the memory of John Forbes, Esquire of Newe 
(formerly of Bombay), second son of John Forbes, 
Esquire of Bellabeg. Born there 19th September 
1743, died in Fitzroy Square, London, 20th June 
1821, and buried in this church. A dutiful son, 
an affectionate brother, a warm and steady friend ; 
his amiable mannei's and goodness of heart endeared 
him to aU who knew him — his active benevolence 
was extended to all who stood in need of assistance. 
But, tke "widow and fatherless" in India and in 
Britain, were the special objects of his protection. 
This monument was erected by his nephew, Sir 
Charles Forbes, Baronet of Newe and Edinglassie. 
1837. Altius ibunt qui ad summa nituntur. 

— Mr F., who died unmarried, was succeeded in 
the estates of Newe, &c., by his nephew Charles, 
who also spent part of his life in Bombay, where 
he was so much esteemed that the inhabitants 
erected a statue of him, executed by the late Sir 
F. Chan trey. He was long an M.P., created a 
baronet in 1823, and died at London, 2Uth Sept. 
1849, aged 76. It was he who erected a tablet 
to two of his grandchildren, which is thus in- 
scribed : — 

In memory of Harriet-Boycott Forbes, eldest 
child of John and Mary Jane Forbes, born in Lon- 
don the 24th May 1830, died at Edinglassie the 
27th June 1835, and buried in a vault in that part 
of the burial ground of Newe, which lies without 
the church. This monument was erected by her 
grandfather Sir Charles Forbes, Baronet of Newe 
and Edinglassie, anticipating the intention of her 
fond parents to record the early promise of mind 
and heart of one of the most interesting of children. 
But, before this was carried into effect, it pleased 
the Almighty to take to himself another of the 
children of the same parents, John Forbes, their 
second son and fourth child^a lovely infant. Born 
in Aberdeen the 1st August 1835, died at Edin- 
glassie the 18th January 1836, and buried in same 
grave with his sister. 

— Sir Charles was succeeded by a grandson, who 
died at the age of 19, in 1852, when the succes- 
sion devolved upon an uncle of the last, and third 
son of the first baronet. It ought to be men- 
tioned that, on the elevation of Sir Charles to a 
baronetcy, his tenantry in Strathdon raised a cairn, 
or pile of native granite, upon the hill of Lonach, 
in which there are two stone tablets with inscrip- 
tions. One is in Gaelic, the other (an interpreta- 
tion in English), runs thus : — 

Baronet's Caii-n : The Tenantry of the lands of 
Newe, Edinglassie, Bellabeg, and Skellater, m testi- 
mony of their aiTection and gratitude, have erected 
this pile to their highly distinguished and beloved 
landlord. Sir Charles Forbes, Bart., M.P., on his 
elevation to the dignity of a Baronet of the United 
Kingdom, by His Majesty George IV., in 1823. 

The Forbeses of Acchernach 
have three tablets on the south wall of Strathdon 
church, two of marble and one of granite : — 



Sacred to the memory of Charles Forbes, Esq. 
of Aucliernach, who lies here with his forefathers 
for upwards of 200 years. Died 5th May 1794, in 
the 64tli year of his age. Likewise to the memory 
of his wife Janet, daughter of Francis Fraser, 
Esq. of Fiudrack, who died 4th Deer. 1770, aged 
30. Also their sous Francis, who died in infancy ; 
George, Lieut, in the 3rd Regt. Madras Cavalry, 
died at sea, in India, 10th April 1796, aged 26 ; 
.James, a Lieut, in the 72nd Highland Regt. , died 
9th June 1804, in the 24th year of his age. This 
monument is erected by his son Nathaniel, Lieut. - 
Gen. in the Honble. E.I.C.S., 1845. 
— ISIr Charles Forbes was governor or keeper of 
the Castle of Corgarff, which was bought by the 
Government after 174G, and was long used as a 
barracks for soldiers, at first with a view to over- 
awe the Highlanders, and finally as a check upon 
smuggling, which was extensively carrried on in 
the district. 

Sacred to the memory of Major General David 
Forbes, C. B. , H. M. 78th Regt. , or Ross-shire High- 
landers. Born 13th January 1772 ; died 29th March 
1849, whose remains are deposited beneath this 
stone in the same grave with his father, Charles 
Forbes of Auchernach : also to his sons James, born 
13th September 1820, died 19th April 1821 ; and 
David, born 10th March 1824, died 26th April 1825. 
— The following refers to the father of the present 
laird of Auchernach and Dunottar, &c. : — 

In memory of Nathaniel Forbes of Auchernach 
and Dunottar, Lieutenant-General H.E.I. C.S. and 
Col. of the 24 Reg. Madras Native Infantry, eldest 
son of Charles Forbes of Auchernach, by his wife 
Janet, daughter of Francis Fraser of Fiudrack. 
Born at Corgarff Castle, February 2, 1766 ; died in 
London, August 16, 1851, in the 86 year of his age. 
Erected by his son William-Nathaniel Forbes of 
Auchernach and Dunottar. 

— Lieut.-Gen. F. (who was heir and representa- 
tive of the Forbeses of Skellater), saw much 
service in India in the war against Hyder Ali 
and Tippoo Saib, and held high commands. He 
bought Dunottar about 1832. 

Forbes of Inverernan : — 
The first of these Forbes' was Black Jock; to 
whom, as bailie of Kildrummy, the Earl of Mar 

wrote the celebrated letter regarding the rising 
of 1715. Black Jock was the eldest son of Skel- 
later by a second marriage ; and being out in the 
rebellion, was taken prisoner, and died at Carlisle 
the night before the day on which he was to 
have been executed. His son, by the widow of 
M'Gillivray of Drumnaglass, succeeded to Inver- 
ernan, and married Jean, daughter of Alexander 
Alexander of Auchmull, a bailie in Aberdeen. 
Their eldest son, who died unmarried, made the 
entail of Inverernan, and was succeeded by his 
next brother, Alex. Forbes, to whom there is a 
marble tablet, on north wall of church : — 

To the memory of Captain Alexander Forbes 
of Inverernan, born the 25th of July 1744, and died 
at Forbes Lodge the 5th of June 1819. Erected by 
his friends of the Clan, and others, in honor of a 
man whose kindness of heart, and hospitality to 
young and old, was never exceeded in the Strath. 

— It was this gentleman, on the threatened inva- 
sion of Scotland by the French, that commanded 
the Sti-athdon men, who had formed themselves 
into a Volunteer Association for the defence of 
their country. He married Elizabeth, a daughter 
of Grant of Clury, Strathspey. She was the 
mother of Major Alex. Forbes, also of Mary- 
Anne, the wife of the Rev. Dr Forbes of Blelack. 
A tablet bears this record of Major F.'s death : — 
To the memory of Major Alexander Forbes of 
Inverernan, whose remains are inteiTed underneath. 
He died on the 20th July 1830, in the 55th year of 
his age, esteemed and respected by all who knew 
him for his highly upright and honourable prin- 
ciples. Erected by his affectionate widow, Mar- 
garet-Sarah Forbes. 

— This lady was a daughter of Duncan Forbes- 
Mitchell of Thainston, 2d son of Sir Arthur 
Forbes of Craigievar. She had a son and daugh- 
ter, the former died in London in 1827, aged 15 ; 
and the latter, who married Wm. M'Combie, Esq. 
of Easter Skene and Lynturk, died in 1835, 
aged 26. (v. Skene.) 

On the south-west of the church-yard:— 
The burial place of George Forbes, D.D., of 
Blelack and Inverernan, 25 years minister of the 
parish of Strathdon. Possessing the respect and 



confidence of his Parishioners as a faithful pastor and 
friendly counsellor, his death was deeply lamented 
throughout this district. Born at Lochel, 8th April 
1778; died at Aberdeen, 16th February 1834. 
Erected, in affectionate remembrance, by his dis- 
consolate widow 1835. His widow, Mary-Anne 
Forbes, daughter of Captain Alexander Forbes of 
Inverernan, died 19th April 1848, aged C8 years. 

— The above were the parents of the present laird 
of Inverernan, who distinguished himself in the 
late Persian war. He is a C.B., and a General 
in the H.E.I.C.S. A marble cross, within the 
kirk, records the death of an infant son of Gen. 
Forbes ; and an adjoiuiug slab that of his second 
brother, who died at Bombay, 1849, aged 30. 

Anderson of Candacraig : — 
Within, and upon north wall of the church : — 

This stone was erected in the year 1757, by 
Charles Anderson of Kandocraig, in memory of his 
Predecessors, the Andersons of Kandocraig, in- 
ter'd here for seven generations past. Charles 
the Eight, died 10th March 1770, aged 05. Mors 
janua vitse. 

Sacred to the memory of Alexander Anderson 
of Candacraig, who, in succession to eight genera- 
tions of his ancestors interred here, died 13th of 
March 1817, aged 05 years. This monument of 
filial love and regard for an afi'ectionate parent is 
erected by Captain John Anderson of the 28th Re- 
giment, his eldest surviving son, 1st of August 1820. 

Sacred to the memory of Major John Anderson 
of Candacraig, who departed this life Deer. 24th 
1835, aged 45 years. This tablet is erected as a 
tribute of sincere affection and regard by his dis- 
consolate widow, Catherine Anderson. 
— This lady was a dr. of Alex., Duke of Gordon, 
by Jean Christie, his second wife. {v. Bellie.) 
The value of Duncan Anderson's lands in the 
Strathdon part of Migvie-Tarland, is stated in the 
Poll Book (1696) at £200 Scots, where his lady 
is charged, also two sons and three daughters, 
then living in familia. The Andersons held 
Candacraig until within these few years, when it 
was bought by Sir C. Forbes of Newe, from a 
sister's son of one of the Andersons, now or lately 
resident in Canada. 

Upon a marble tablet in north-east wall : — 

In memory of Hugh-Robert Meiklejohn, eldest 
son of the Revd. Robt. Meiklejohn, minister of 
Strathdon, and Lieut. H.E.I.C. Engineers. Killed 
at Jhansi in Central India, 3rd April 1858, aged 
xxii years. Gallantly leading one attack of the 
Stormers he was the first to scale the wall and 
there fell dead, deeply lamented by all who knew 
him. Erected by the inhabitants of his native 
Strath to testify their high admiration of his bravery 
and moral worth, their sincere sorrow for his pre- 
mature death, and their heartfelt sympathy witli 
his bereaved family. 

— A monument in the churchyard records the 
death of the Rev. Mr Mkikle.joiin, and his wi- 
dow, Eliza-Gkant, daughter of Forbes of In- 
verernan, the first died in 1859, the latter in 1863. 
The next two inscriptions are from tablets in 
north-west wall of the church : — 

Sacred to the memory of Mrs Christian Stuart, 
daughter of James Gordon, Esq., Croughly, who 
was born 21st November 1760, died 28th February 
1821, aged 54, and was interred in the burial ground 
of her husband's family within this churchyard, 
where two of her daughtei's both named Mary- 
Forbes, who died in early infancy, are likewise 
buried. Sacred also to the memory of her eldest 
son John, who died in the East Indies, 13th April 
1813, aged 22. \v. p. 70.] 

Sacred to the memory of Jonathan Michie, 
Esq., Captain in the Honourable East India Com- 
pany's Bombay Marine, who died at Aberdeen on 
the 25th August 1811, aged 42 years, and is in- 
terred in this churchyard. Inscribed at the desire 
of his son, Lieutenant Jonathan Michie of the Bom- 
bay Military Establishment. 1815. 

A massive mausoleum on the left of the church- 
yard gate bears two tablets, with the following 
inscriptions : — 

This mausoleum was erected to perpetuate the 
memory of Mary Forbes, who was the wife of 
Major Daniel Mitchell. Her uncommon affection 
for her husband, parents, brothers, and sisters, and 
her kindness to all her friends, joined to a delight- 
ful benevolence, which never overlooked the humble 
nor forgot the distressed, are here recorded for 
example's sake. She died in London, 27th August 
1829, aged 53, and her remains rest within. 



— This lady, daughter of the minister of Leochel, 
was aunt to the present Sir Charles Forbes of 
Newe. Her husband was a descendant of Thomas 
Mitchell, a burgess and provost of Aberdeen, who 
bought Thainston, near Kin tore, about the end 
of the 17th century. The second tablet bears : — 

He who raised this tomb now reposes within. 
Daniel Mitchell, Major in the Hon. East India 
Company's Service, who departed this life on the 
17th Feb. 1841, aged 64. He fell asleep in Jesus 
in the hope of a glorious resurrection. This tablet 
is erected by desire of his surviving wife Mary, 
daughter of the late General Hay of Rannes, in 
remembrance of a most beloved, respected, and 
deeply lamented husband. 

A monument in the churchyard bears this in- 
scription : — 

Here ly the remains of Robert Farquharson of 
AUerg, who died Jany. 31st 1771, in the 77th year 
of his age. And of Isabel Anderson his spouse, 
who died Febry. 18th 1749, in the 70th of her age ; 
And of their grand-child" John, James, Margt, 
& Jean : — 

Friend would'st thou triump o'er the grave ? 
Would'st thou with joy thy dust redeem ? 
Belive in him w ho came to save. 
His cross the way to bless supream. 
EoBT. Farquharson, their son, died 16th April 
1793, aged 73. Jean Grant, his spouse, died 3rd 
July 1800, aged 80. Isobel, their daughter, died 
2nd April 1791, aged 40 years. Memento mori. 

A marble tablet within, and on south wall of 
church, bears : — 

Erected by his widow in afifectionate remem- 
brance of PtOBERT Farquharson, Esq. of AUargue 
and Breda. Born the 13th of January 17S3 ; died 
the 14th of February 1863 ; and of their son Robert 
Farquharson, younger of AUargue : Born 22nd of 
July 1828 ; died 9th of November 1858. 

—John Farquharson of Olderg, " his wyfe and 
fyve children, to wit, Andrew, Gustavus, Ro- 
derick, Georg, and Jean Fergursous," appear in 
the Poll Book for 1696. Breda is a small pro- 
perty in Alford. The last-named laird was a 
thread manufacturer in, and sometime provost of 
Paisley, (r. p. 122.) 

The following inscriptions are selected from 
tombstones in different parts of the kirkyard : — 
John Lumsden was minister here forty four years. 
Mary Duff his first, and Barbara Lumsden his 
second wife, with their two children, jNIary and 
Hary Lumsdens, were all buried here before he 
died himself. 

Mr D. McS. Heb. ix. 27 : It is appointed unto 
men once to die, but after this the judgment. 
II Thess. 11. 5 : Remember ye not that when I was 
yet with you I told you these things. Mr D. 
McS., M.A. Here ly the ashes of the Revd. and 
worthy sert. of Jesus Christ, Mr Donald M'Sween, 
minr. of the Gospel at Strdou, who died June 
the 8, 1730, aged 38 :— 

A watchman faithful, honest, just, 
Who ner betrayed his sacred trust. 
Whose love to Christ and to his flock 
Breathed in all that er he spoke. 
Hug. ) 

Eliz. > McS. children. Memento mori. 
Hel. \ 
—Mr Gordon, the writer of the Old Stat. Acct. 
of the parish (vol. xiii., p. 184^, says that, accord- 
ing to tradition, the inhabitants of Strathdou 
were "rough and uncivilized in their manners" — 
that hostile lairds would have rushed upon one 
another in the churchyard on Sundays with their 
durks and shabbies, and that, on one occasion, a 
laird cut off the head of Mr Baxter, a minister, at 
the manse-door, with a Lochaber axe ; also, that 
Mr M'Sween was attempted to be smothered with 
a wet canvas, when at family prayers one even- 
ing ; but being a man of considerable bodily 
streugth, he was able to save himself ! Luckily 
the people have changed with the times, for even 
on the occasion of the Lonacli annual gatherings, 
it is but rare that impropriety of conduct is to be 
seen ; while their courtesy and hospitality to 
strangers are worthy of imitation in many parts 
of the Lowlands. Near the above : — 

This monument is erected by Alex. Stuart of 
Edinglassie to the memory of Margaret (Jran- 
STOWN, his wife, a person honbly. descended, politely 
educated, judicious, prudent, and agreeable, es- 
teemed and regarded : she died June 22, aged 45, 
A.D. 1752. The said Alex. Stuart, Esq., writer to 
the signet, a man eminent in his profession, much 



esteemed, and universally regretted, died the 19tla 
day of Septr. aged 87 years, A.D. 1787. 
John Simpson, farmer, Shanuach, d. 1780, a. 79:— 
With temper meek his bread he wan, 
He lived and died an honest man. 

Erected to the memory of John McHardy, late 
farmer in Easter Corryhoul, who died 26 Nov. 1813, 
aged 60, and whose ancestors has been theie for 
upwards of 600 years. Done by the care of his 
sons Jos., Jas., N°., Cha^., and Alex''. McHardys. 

Under this stone lies interred the dust of Archi- 
bald Forbes of Deskrie, who died at Mill of Keith, 
the 3d of Dec. 1793, in the 80th year of his age. 

Hocce in sepulchro iacet Donald Downys, vir 
[eximia] pietate, incorrupta fide, pauperum fautor, 
pater non contempta prole, beatus obiit A.D. 17 , . 
natus .... 

[In this tomb lies Donald Downys, a man of 
genuine piety, untainted honour, a benefactor to 
the poor, and the father of no contemptible off- 
spring. He died happy A. D, 17 . . aged , .] 

Here lies the dust of seuen generations of Dun- 
bars, and Nathaniel Dunbar who liued at Mill of 
New. This stone is erected for Helen Yewen 
spous to Corneleies Dunbar at Mil of Bellabeg. She 
died Feby. 16, 1762, aged 49. Erected by hir son 
Nathaniel Dunbar. 

Both under this stone doth ly the bons and ashes 
of James and John Ross, lafull sons to George 
Ross in Bednagaugh. James died lulie 8, 1758, 
aged 28 ; John died Dec>-. 6, 1763, aged 24 .-— 

Be mindful of your Redemer while you have 

For young years cannot shun death. 

Here lyes the bons and dust of Georg Grassich 
in CouU of Earnonside, who dyed Febry. 19, 1742, 
aged 63 years. Also Isobel Ogg, his spouse, who 
dyed Octr. 28, 1747, aged 60 years. 

— Gr«55icZ; has been long a common surname in 
Strathdon ; a marble tablet within the church 
records the death of Patrick, in Foggymill iu 

Interred here Iohn Michie in Culquhanny, who 
died luly 13, 1760, aged 81 ; and Jannet Grassich, 
his spous, who died Octr. 6, 1755, aged 70. This 
stone was put on by Hary Miche their sou, &c. 

— Culquhanny is now the seat of a well-known 
inn. Part of the old castle still remains, under 
which, it is said, there is a weem, or Pict's house. 

The oldest antiquities in the parish are the 
'' eirdhouses" or weems at Glenkiudie, Buchaam, 
and Newe, plans and descriptions of which will 
be found in the Proceedings of the So. of Anti- 
quaries of Scotland, vol. iv. 

The Doime of InvernodiUj, upon which a castle 
of the old lords of the district appears to have 
stood, is the next most interesting object iu 
Strathdon. The Douue is about 30 feet in height, 
and the top, which is oval shaped, contains about 
half an acre of ground. Remains of ancient 
buildings are to be seen upon the west and south, 
from which it would appear that the walls had 
been constructed of stones and strongly fused 
lime, and built in much the same style as those of 
the castle of Kinedar, or King Edward, which 
was inhabited in the 13th century. 

The Doune appears to have been originally 
formed, as was the Bass of Inverurie, by deposits 
from a number of streams, and from a variety of 
points, which had met at a particular spot. Thus 
formed by nature, and from the Doune command- 
ing the chief passes fi'om the north Highlands to 
the Lowlands, the top of it was subsequently 
levelled; and ditches and trenches, constructed 
round its base, which in early times had made it 
a pretty secure dwelling-place. 

The ditches which surround the Doune, or 
mound of Invernochty, were supplied by water 
from the burn of Bardoch, which rises in the hill of 
Braigheach, and joined a large swamp or morass 
upon the north. The ditches contained water 
until about 1823, when the new turnpike road 
was made, and the burn of Bardoch was deepened, 
with the view of draining the foss and the neigh- 
bouring marshes. 

Along the top of the west embankment, and 
other parts of the Doune, traces of a number of huts 
are visible, in which, possibly, the retainers of the 
ancient lords of the fort, and their spare aeimals, 
were housed. As was the case at Dunottar, pro- 
bably the original church of Invernochty stood 



upoa the Doune, if, indeed, it had not been the 
precursor of the castle ; and a number of mounds, 
not unlike graves, may be seen towards the east 
side of it. But, until the top of the Doune is 
thoroughly excavated and trenched over, there is 
no means of ascertaining whether these surmises 
are well founded. Excavations were made some 
years ago on the south side of the surrounding 
foss, when a log of oak was found, supposed to 
have been part of the drawbridge of the castle. 
At the same time the square chamber on the left of 
the entrance to the fort, and some other parts of 
the ruins, were brought to light. 

Charter evidence shows that the Earls of Mar 
were the old proprietors of the district ; and 
that Adam of Strachan, who had charters of 
Glenkindie in 1357, was among the earliest and 
most important of the landowners under Mar. 

In 1512, John Mackkalloun had half of the 
lands of Invery, Thirueis, and Edinglas ; and in 
the year 1550, Lord Elphinston had charters of 
Corgarff and Skellater, &c., all within the lordship 
of Mar. 

Culquhanny Castle, of which only part of the 
keep remains, is said to have been built by Forbes 
of Towie in the 17th century. Corgarff Castle, 
reputed to have been originally a hunting seat 
of the Earls of IMar, was burned down in 1571, 
during the feuds between the Forbeses and the 
Gordons ; and some are of opinion that Corgarff 
was the scene of the burning of Lady Forbes, 
&c., celebrated in the ballad of Edom o' Gor- 
don, (v. Towie). The castle, afterwards rebuilt, 
was bought by Government in 1746 from Forbes 
of Skellater, and used as a military station. 

There has been a royal bounty mission station 
at Corgarff for nearly 150 years, where also are 
a school and a burial ground. 

" Andekmas fair" was held at Strathdon in 
Nov., and S. John's fair in Aug. annually. 

The bridges in the parish are numerous. That 
of Pooldhulie, which is the oldest and most ro- 
mantic, bears to have been erected by Alexander 
Forbes of Inverernan, in 1715. The bridge of Luib 
was built by Sir C. Forbes in 1832 ; and the 
Nochty, near the church, is spanned by a sub- 

stantial iron bridge. Two bridges have also been 
thrown across the Don, near Newe Castle, upon 
each of which is an iron plate, embellished with 
the Forbes arms, and this inscription : — 

Erected by Sir Charles Forbes, Bart., of Newe 
and Edinglassie, 1858, from a bequest by his grand 
uncle, John Forbes, Esq. of Newe. 


THE church of Roscolbi, with its chapel, be- 
longed to the Priory of St Andrews. The 
present church, built in 1820, stands upon the 
north side of the " lake of Roskolby," a fine 
sheet of water, which is mentioned in a note of tho 
marches of Dunnichen in the 13th century. 
Upon the kirk bell : — 

A.N.D.R.E.A.S E.H.E.M A.N.N.O 

In consequence of recent improvements, the 
church, although a plain building, and the burial 
ground, once neglected and ill cared for, present 
a peculiarly neat appearance. A monument 
within, and in the south wall of the church is 
thus inscribed : — 

To the memory of James Gordon, sometime 
teacher in this parish, who expired in the pulpit of 
Forfar on the 15 day of June 1808, in the 25th year 
of his age, while delivering part of his probationary 
trials with a view to accept of the presentation 
made to him of this church and parish. He was 
the only son of Peter Gordon, lately teacher in this 
parish. This stone was erected by his widowed 
mother as an expression of her irreparable loss. 
A marble slab upon the east wall bears : — 

In memory of John Farquhar, Esquire of Pit- 
scandly, who died 30 June 1808, aged 67 years. 
And of Roby-James Farquhar, his son, who died 
16 Feb. 1819, in his 22d year. 

Upon a stone in the churchyard, which relates 
to the same family : — 

To the memory of John Farquhar of Pitscandly, 
who died 14 June 1844, aged 49 years. Also of 
Susannah-Floyd Farquhar, daughter of John 



Farquhar of Pitscandly, and sister to the above, 
who died 10 Feb. 1822, aged 23 years. Also of 
Emily-Lake Farquhar, daughter of John Far- 
quhar of Pitscandly, who died 21 Jan. 1839, aged 
7 years. 

— Colonel Farquhar of Mounie (descended from 
Robert Farquhar of Mounie and Tonley, once 
provost of Aberdeen), had three nieces who became 
his co-heiresses. Oueof them, Elizabeth, bought, 
about 1731, the estate of Pitscandly. She married 
James, eldest son of Stormonth of Kinclune, in 
Angus, who assumed the surname of Farquhar, 
Being " out in the '45," he was taken prisoner 
and condemned to death ; but on the day before 
his intended execution, he was reprieved through 
the interest of Mrs M'Niell, a sister-in-law of 
his own. A flat tombstone in the churchyard, 
with the initials, E. F., and the date of 1764, 
covers the grave of the above-named Elizabeth 
Farquhar. Mr Taylor- Farquhar, sometime in- 
cumbent of St John's Episcopal Church, Forfar, 
is proprietor of Pitscandly, through his wife, 
Mary Anne Farquhar, a daughter of the laird 
who died in 1844. IVIrs Farquhar succeeded to 
her sister Sarah some years before her marriage. 
Pitscandly was long in the posse.'^sion of the 
Lindsays, the last designed of which, John Lind- 
say, granted a disposition of the lands to George 
Lauder, 7 Nov. 1726, from whom the property 
was bought by Miss E. Farquhar. Her son, 
Thomas, got a crown charter of, and was infeft 
in Pitscandly, 23 June 1766. 

A marble, inscribed as follows, which was taken 
out of the wall of the last church, lies below the 
loft stair of the present one : — 

M. S. Caroli Gray de Carse, Armigeri, homi- 
nis probissimi, qui obiit 28vo Aprilis 1768, a^tat. 
86 : et Jacobi Farquhar de Balmoor, Armigeri, 
amici ejus devinctissimi, priscae virtutis viri, qui 
obiit 31mo Decembris, 1759, a;tat. 66. Hoc marmor 
Elizabetha Farquhar, vidua, marito fratrique caris- 
simis, et Gualterus Gray, prioris haeres, grato 
animo propatruo bene mereuti, posuere 1769. 

[Sacred to the memory of Charles Gray of 
Carse, Esq. , a very worthy man, who died 28 April 
1768, aged 86 ; and of James Farquhar of Bal- 
moor, Esq., his most devoted friend, a man of pri- 

mitive virtue, who died 31 Dec. 1759, aged 66. 
This monument was erected in 1769 by Elizabeth 
Farquhar, widow, in memory of her dearly beloved 
husband and brother, and by Walter Gray, heir of 
the former, in gi'ateful remembrance of his re- 
spected grand-uncle. ] 

— The above Charles, son of Gray of Balbunno, 
in Perthshire, a cadet of the Lords Gray, bought 
the estate of Carse about 1741. He was suc- 
ceeded by his grandnephew, Walter Lowson, the 
son of a farmer in Auchterhouse. On succeeding 
to Carse, Walter Lowson (as shown by the above 
inscription), assumed the surname of Graij. He 
was father of Charles Gray of Carse, who died 
in 1850. The grand-daughter of the latter is now 
proprietrix of Carse. She married a son of Hunter 
of Burnside. He died in 1861, and was buried in 
a private cemetery on the hill of Carse. {v. p. 32.) 
The erector of the above monument gifted two 
silver communion cups to the church of Rescobie ; 
both are thus inscribed : — 

Rescobie Kirk, 1779 : Donum Dominse Eliz. 
Farquhar, conjugis et viduae Caroli Gray de 
Carse, Armigeri. Vivit post funera virtus. 

A handsome freestone monument, built into the 
outer and south wall of the church, has been re- 
cently renewed. The canopy, which is supported 
by two pillars, is ornamented with a carving of 
the Lindsay arms, &c. ; and the tablet presents 
this inscription : — 

Monumentum hoc in memoriam suorum parentum 
Mr David Lindsay, pastor de Mary-Toune, extruen- 
dum curavit. Juxta hunc lapidem depositaa sunt 
reliquiaj Dom : Henrici Lindsay, quondam de 
Blairifedden, qui obiit anno Dom : . . setat. 72 ; et 
uxoris ejus Alison Scrimseur, familise Scrimseur 
de Glasswal, quai obiit anno Dom. 1651, a-tat. . . ; 
necnon filii eorum Dom. Davidis Lindsay" pastoris 
de Rescobie, qui obiit anno Dom. 1677, fetat. 62 ; 
& ejusdem duarum conjugum Marjor.e Lindsay, 
filiiB Lindsay de Kinnettles, & Beatricis Ogilvv, 
filiaj . . . Ogilvy de Carsbank, quas obiit anno 
Dom. 1716, ffitat. su;e 89. Ibidem loci quoque sepulti 
suntuonuulli ejusdem Davidis liberi, quorum nomina 
cceli injuria & prioris cippi vetustate perierunt. — 
Hoc monumentum positum fuit anno , & instau- 
ratum anno 1752. 



[Mr David Lindsay, minister of Marytown, caused 
this monument to be erected in memory of his 
parents. Beside this stone are deposited the re- 
mains of Mr Henry Lindsay, late of Blairiefedden, 
who died in the year .... aged 72 ; and of his wife 
Alison Scrimseur, of the family of Scrimseur of 
Glasswal, who died in 1651, aged . . ; and also of 
their son, Mr David Lindsay, minister of Rescobie, 
who died 1677, aged 62 ; and of his two wives 
Marjory Lindsay, daughter of Lindsay of Kin- 
nettles, and Beatrice Ogil\-y, daughter of Ogilvy 
of Carsebank, who died in 1716, aged 89. In the 
same place also are buried some of the said David's 
children, whose names have perished through the 
age of the former (grave) stone, and the action of 
the weather. This monument was erected in the 
year . . . . , and restored in 1752.] 

— John, the first recorded Lindsay of Blairifed- 
den, who flourished 1535-9, had a son slaughtered 
by Ogilvy of Inverquharity, before the year 1588. 
The Kinnettles Lindsays were of the Evelick 
branch, {v. p. 70.) Scrimgeour of Glasswell was 
of the Dudhope race, and directly sprung from a 
burgess family of Dundee. Ogilvys were long in 
Carsebank, Thomas Ogilvie having been served 
heir to his father in it and in the lauds of Kirk- 
ton of Aberlerauo, in 1657. This monument, 
is upheld by a payment from the town of Arbroath, 
which was specially left for its maintenance. 

A marble on the south wall of the church re- 
cords the death of the following persons, whose 
graves are also marked by a table-shaped stone in 
the area of the burial ground : — 

The Rev. William Rogers, minister of Rescobie, 
died 10 Sep. 1842, in the 60th year of his age, and 
34th of his ministry. His wife Agnes Lyon, 
eldest daughter of the Rev. Dr Lyon of Glamis, 
died 30 July 1816, in the 30th year of her age. 
Ann, youngest daughter of Mr John Oldham, 
Millthorpe, Nottinghamshire, his second wife, died 
19 June 1841, in the 56th year of her age. 

There are a number of gravestones in the 
churchyard ; from some of these the following in- 
Bcriptioos are selected : — 

Heir lyes Alexander Simpson, qvha deperted 
the 3 Mali 1616, he being of age 58, ane verteovs 

and trev man in his tym Agnes 


— Rynd or Rhyud, although now a somewhat rare 
surname in Angus, is of considerable antiquity in 
that county. Murdoch of Rhynd had a gift from 
David II. of a part of the royal hunting forest of 
Plater, near Finhaven ; and about the same time 
a Patrick Rhynd was alderman of Forfar. Rhynds 
were subsequently designed of Casse, or Carse 
(now Carse-Gray) ; and it is interesting to notice 
that William Rynd of Carse was one of the four 
Angus lairds who were sureties to the Privy 
Council for the printing of the first Bible in Scot- 
land. Besides Carse, the Rhynds also owned 
Clocksbriggs, where a stone is initialed and dated 
A.R : I.S. 1659 ; but the property passed by mar- 
riage during the last half of the 17th century to 
Alexander Dickson, a pdlio, or dresser of skins 
in Forfar, a descendant of whom, also Alexander 
Dickson, made up a title to the property in 1751, 
as heir of his great-grandmother's brother, Thomas 
Rinde of Clocksbriggs, or Clach-hrecks (a place 
abounding with freckled stones.) The following 
inscription upon a table-shaped stone at Rescobie 
refers to a brother of the last-named, who suc- 
ceeded to the estate in 1776 :— 

David Dickson of Clocksbriggs, died 12 Sep. 
1803, aged 60. Mary Cuthbert, his wife, died 

8 July 1816, aged 72 a son James, an 

officer on board the "Generous Friends," an East 
India ship, which was lost in the China Seas in 
1802, is supposed to have perished in the 2'2d year 
of his age. A daughter, Isobella, died 1821, 
aged 37. 

—On the death of Mr D. iu 1803, he was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son, Major Diokson ; but by 
a family arrangement with a brother-in-law, the 
estate was held by the latter until about 1853, 
when it was acquired by a son of Major Dick- 
son's younger brother, Alexander. The last- 
named died in the year 1865, aged 82, and it was 
his eldest son, David Dickson, who acquired 
Clocksbriggs and Rescobie, and built the 
present chateau or mansion-house at Clocks- 
briggs. He was long a merchant at Dunkirk, in 
France; and "in consideration of his personal 



exertions for improviog the industry and com- 
merce of that district, and the northern parts of 
the Empire at large," he was created by the Em- 
peror Napoleon III., a Knight, and OfBcer of the 
Imperial Order of the Legion d'llonneur. But, 
by a sad accident, on 10th Nov. 1869, while 
driving near Dunkirk, Mr Dickson's horses took 
fright, and, leaping into an adjoining canal, both 
Mr Dickson and his coachman lost their lives. 
Miss Dickson, who was iu the brougham with 
her father, narrowly escaped from sharing the same 
fate. Mr Dickson's remains were buried at Res- 
cobie, beside those of his wife, who predeceased 
him by about ten years. 

Another tombstone bears this record of the 
Rhynd family: — 

Under this stone of Catharine Burns, 

. . . . hn Burns of Clocksbriclges, and Margaret 
Eeind his spous, who departed this life Sept. 1718, 
of age . . years. 

Upon a flat tombstone : — 

{^ Heir lyis a faithfwU sister Ianet Dal, spovs 
to David Dog of Resvale, vho lived vith hir hvs- 
band 15 yeir, and died the 8 of ApriU 1658, being 
the 37 yeir of hir age. 

— Doigs appear to have owned Reswallie for a 
considerable period, {v. p. 89.) It was bought in 
1816 by Mr William Powrie, a Dundee merchant, 
whose son, the present laird, has greatly improved 
the property. Mr Powrie is a well-known and 
successful student of geology. 

Upon a stone, with a shield bearing the black- 
smiths' crown, pincers, and a hammer : 

S®» Heir lyis a faithfvll brother Iames Pyot, who 
depairtit in Tvring the 15 of lanvar 1643, ye 72 
yeir of his age. Ianot Fitchit his spovs bvir to 
him 13 bairns. Alexander, lames, lohn, Patrik, 
Wiliam, laine Pyots . . . Daigite. 

Tvmvlo hoc conditvs est Thomas Dall, qvondam 
in Balgaies, qvi obiit 12 Feb., 1675, a-tatis 63, tan- 
dem Agnas Bellie, ejvs vxor, decessit 2<io Martii, 
1682, setatis 70. Cvra loannis Dall, in Milldens, et 
Margaretse Finlo, vxoris ejvs, monvmentvm hoc 
extrvxtvm est vt signvm debiti amoris et reveren- 
tise erga parentes. 

[In this grave are laid Thomas Dall, sometime 

in Balgaies, who died 12 Feb. 1672, aged 63 ; and 
Agnas Bellie, his wife, who departed 2 March 
1682, aged 70. This monument was erected by 
John Dall, in Milldens, and Margaret Finlo, his 
wife, as a mark of dutiful love and respect for 
John Espline (1717) : — 

Like to the seed in earthy womb, 
Or like dead Lazarus in the tomb, 
Or like Tabitha in a sleep, 
Or Jonas like within the deep, 
Or like the moon or stars in day, 
Ly hid and languish quite away ; 
Even as the grave the dead receives, 
Man being dead he death deceives. 
The seed springs, and Lazarus stands, 
Tabitha wakes, and Jonas lands ; 
The moon appears, and stars remain, 
So man being dead shall live again. 

Archd. Peter's children (1721) : — 

man line thou ane upright life, 
Whateuer to the befalls ; 
Then dubbel hapy shalt thou be 
When God by death the calls. 

John Coulie (1731) :— 

Unconstant earth, why do not mortals cease 
To build their hopes upon so short a lease ? 
Uncertain lease, whose term's but once begun. 
Tells never when it ends till it be done. 
We dote upon thy smiles, not knowing why. 
And while we but prepare to live, we die ; 
We spring like flowers for a day's delight, 
At noon we flourish, and we fade at night. 

Alex. Hay's father, &c., died in 17 — : — 

Know mortal as these once blossoming Hays , 
Were by Deaths sythe too early cutted down ; 
So thou must too as fading flowers decays, 
With .... blessed soon. 

A stone, with a much obliterated quotation 
from Ovid (Met. b. x., 1. 33-4), bears: — 

Here lyes Iohn Walace, who lived in Finnes- 
toun. He died in the moneth of May 1688, bis 
age 87 years ; and his wife Catharine Piter died 
iu May 1687, of age 60. 

Margt. Stroak, wi. of Thos. Wallace, d. 1759, 
a. 51 :— 



T his stone in memory of this old race. 
H ow man comes here with a peal face : 
O man may see in ages all, 
M an that is born he must fall ; 
A s soon's our Saviour on earth he came, 
S oon made interest for mortal man. 
W hen he saw them in misery, 
A ssumed their ransom for to pay ; 
L et us ever mind this dear price : 
L o our Redeemer was not nice. 
A s soon as he saw man in sin stood — 
C ome I'll redeem you with my blood : 
E vermore be favoured into bless. 

Alex. Smith, and wife, Janet White (1772) :- 
When this man liv'd upon this earth. 
The Lord endu'd him with some wealth ; 
And in his days, when he did live, 
He studied the poor for to relieve 
With money, councel, & help of hand ; 
This is the truth you'l understand ; 
But now these two lies in the grave, 
Till the last trump do them relieve. 

Ann Smith's husband, &c. (1811) : — 

My husband's here, and daughter dear. 

Also a son of mine : 

In dust doth lie ; but yet on high : 

I hope their souls doth shine. 

I've other five this date survives. 

Two daughters, and three sons ; 

May they with grace, pursue their race 

Till once their glass is run. 

(?S. MADOC.) 

From a well near the burial-place being called 
S, Madoc, it is probable that the old church or 
chapel had been dedicated to that saint. His 
name ia variously written ; and according to Dr 
Reeves (one of the most learned of Irish archseo- 
logists), the names of S. Moedoc, Moque, and 
AiDAN, are of the same origin. 

The burial-ground of Chapelyard occupies a 
knoll south-east of the Aldbar railway station. 
This was possibly the site of the chapel which was 
dependent upon the kirk of Rescobie in the 13th 

The Untie of the doorway in the surrounding 
wall bears:— ANO mdclxix. The Piersons of 
Balmadies, now of The Guynd, bury here ; and 
as noted below, a number of tombstones within 
the enclosure bear inscriptions relating to that 
family. Fourteen separate headstone, in one line, 
present the inscriptions undernoted : — 

Elizabeth Piersone, spovs to lames Piersone, 
died 1669. 

Iames Piersone of Balmadies died the 7 of De- 
cember 1673. 

—It was possibly the above-named James Pierson 
who had a ratification charter in 1641 (Acta Pari., 
v., 621), of the lands and barony of " Auchter- 
meggities. vtherwayes callit Belmades, with the 
milne," &c., of which his parents, Alex. Pierson 
and Isobella Beaton, had a feu-farm charter, in 
1624, from "Johne lait pretendit archibischop 
of St Androis." The lands were held under pay- 
ment of a money rent of 20 pounds Scots, and 
owed suit to the archbishop's courts at Rescobie. 

Dam Margret Mvrray, spovs to Mr Alexander 
Piersone of Balmadies, vas born the 9 of Ivne 1625, 
died the 12 of Septer 1694, and vas hier interred 
the 26 of said moneth. 

Memento mori : Mr Alexander Piersone of 
Balmadies vas born the 3 of Febri 1626, died the 13 
of March 1700, and vas heir interred the 26 of the 
said moneth. 

Mrs Margaret Lindsay, daughter to Sir Alex- 
ander Lindsay of Evliek, first married to the laird 
of Findourie, and thereafter to James Piersone of 
Balmadies, to whom she bore seven sons. She died 
about the 56 year of her age, on the 11 or 12 of May 
1714, and here interred on the 18, a virtueus and 
religious lady. Memento mori. 

Airs Elizabeth Arbuthnot, sister German to 
the present laird of Findourie, died of a deceiy 
about the 18 year of her age, a beautiful, virtuous, 
and religious young lady, and was here interred 
some years before her mother's death. Memento 

The Arbuthnotts of Findowrie were descended 

from Robert Arbuthnott of that ilk, who died 
about 1450. The last male representative of 
Arbuthnott of Findowrie died April 22, 1745, 



when the property passed to Carnegy of Balna- 

1746 : ExuviaB mortales Iacobi Piersone de Bal- 
rnadies, animi in Deum pij, in familiam vers pa- 
terni, in paciscentes justi, in omnes benevoli, hie 
unionem et prremia expectant. Nati 3 Nov. a:D: 
1666 : Denati SOMartij, 1745. Memento mori. 

[1746 : The mortal remains of James Piersone 
of Balmadies, a man who was gifted with a dispo- 
sition pious towards God, truly fatherly towards 
his family, just towards those with whom he had 
dealings, and benevolent to all, here await reunion 
and reward. (Born and died as above).] 

James Piersone, son to the laird of Balmadies, 
died of the smallpox on the 6 of August 1714, about 
the 18 or 19 year of his age, and uas here interred 
on tlie 9 ditto. A promising young gentleman. 
Memento mori. 

William Piersone. 

Alexander Piersone. 

Susanna Small. 

Archibald Piersone, son to Mr Alexander Pier- 
sone of Balmadies. 

John Piersone, son to Mr Alexander Piersone 
of Balmadies. 

1763 : Here lies interred the mortal part of Mr 
Iohn Piersone, lawful son to James Piersone of 
Balmadies, who died on the 16th of February 1763, 
aged 64 years. A devout worshipper of his creator, 
and sincere lover of all mankind. 

Three headstones, standing apart from those 
above noticed, bear respectively the inscriptions 
quoted below : — 

John Piersone Taylor. 

To this grave are committed the mortal remains 
of Anne Fraser, daughter to Iohn Fraser of Kirk- 
ton, who was born on the 9 of May 1723, O.S. 
Married to Ptobert Pierson, advocate, in October 
1740, to whom she bore five children, lames, Iohn, 
Mary, Margaret, and David, all alive, and she died 
on the 9 of luly 1761. A lady greatly esteemed for 
her benevolence, and other amiable qualities. Me- 
mento mori — Mind death. 

Here are interred the mortal remains of Robert 
Pierson of Balmadies, advocate, an affectionate 
Husband, a loving Parent, an easy Landlord, the 
poor man's Friend, never intended nor delighted to 
harm or injure any person, who departed this life 

the fourth day of April 1763, aged sixty two years 
one month and seventeen days. Sic transit gloria 
mundi. Memento mori. 

The following inscription is said to have been 
composed by the late Rev. Mr Aitken of St Vi- 
geans, the betrothed of Miss Pierson : — 

Here lies the corps of Mary Pierson, youngest 
daughter of the late llobert Pierson of Balmadies, 
Esq. She was born the 26th of Augt. 1746, and 
died the 10th of Nov. 1771 :— 

Mildness of temper, innocence of mind, 
And softest manners were in her combin'd ; 
Sincere and open, undisguis'd by art. 
She form'd no wish but what she might impart. 
Easie and social, chearful and resign'd 
Harmless thro' life, the sister and the friend. 
In early age, call'd to resign her breath, 
Patient in sickness, undismayed at death, 
A sister's grief ('tis friendship's sacred claim), 
Pays this small tribute to a sister's name. 
Two headstones bear respectively : — 
Mr Archibald Pearsone of Westhall. 
Elizabeth Gairden, his spovse. 
— The surname of Pierson, or Pearson, is of old 
standing in A ugus. It occurs in the records of 
the Abbey of Arbroath in 1506, when Abbot 
George granted Thomas Pierson a charter of " ly 
Rude" with pertinents, in the Almory of that 
town. A tombstone at Arbroath, with a much 
effaced inscription, bears the Pierson arms and the 
date of 1589. Archibald Pierson, designed of 
Chapleton, was sheriff-depute of Forfar in 1642 ; 
and the family were proprietors of Lochlands and 
Barugreen before 1653, in which year Thomas 
Pierson was served heir to his grand-father. These, 
doubtless, were ancestors of the Piersons of Bal- 
madies, now represented by the laird of The 

The following is upon a monument within a 
railed enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of Margaret Ouchter- 
lony, second daughter of John Ouchterlony, Esq. 
of The Guynd, and widow of James Pierson, Esq. 
She died at The Guynd, 21st March 1849, in her 
78th year : — 

Dear as thou wert, and justly dear, 
We will not weep for thee ; 



One thought shall check the starting tear, 

It is — that thou art free I 
And thus shall Faith's consoling power 

The tears of Love restrain — 
Oh ! who that saw thy parting hour 

Could wish thee here again ? 
— The Ochterlonys of The Guyud are represented 
through the female line by J. A. Pierson, Esq. ; 
and since the property of Balmadies was sold by 
the Piersons, it has been in the possession of 
several lairds. It now belongs to Sir C. M. 
Ochterluny, Bart., who calls the property by bis 
own family name Sir C. is probably descended 
from the old stock of Qc\\iev\c^ of that ilk, since 
Maj.-Gen. Sir D. Ochterlony, who was of that race, 
and created a baronet in 1816, obtained a second 
patent in 1823, re-creating himself a baronet with 
remainder to the present Sir C. and his legitimate 
issue. Sir David (who was born at Boston, New 
England), was the grandson of Alex. Ochterlony, 
laird of Pitforthy, near Brechin, whose eldest son, 
Gilbert, succeeded to that property, and was 
also designed of Newton Mill. 

Besides the monuments to the Piersons, a few 
others are within the enclosure of Chapelyard. 
Four record deaths nf a family called Scott, who 
have long tenanted the farm of Millden, one of 
whom RoBKRT, died in 1836, aged 92 An ad- 
joining stone shows that George Shakp, mason 
in Edinburgh, died whilst superintending the 
building of the mansion house of Balmadies, 14 
Feb. 1821, aged 42. Another headstone (of the 
17th or 18th century), bears this simple inscrip- 
tion : — 

Iames Ogilvie. Iohn Ogilvie. 
Upon another, of apparently the same period, 
is merely the name of 

William Grime. 
—In 1635, a charter of alienation of the lands of 
Balmadies, &c., was granted by a William Grime, 
burgess and merchant in Montrose, to James 

It is told in monkish chronicles that S. Tkidu- 
ANA, to whom the church of Rescobie was dedi- 
cated, lived an " eremitical life at Rescoby," along 

with two other virgins, that S. Trtduana was a 
person of great beauty, and to evade the wiles of 
an amorous chief, she removed to Dunfallandy in 
Athol. She was followed there by certain of the 
chief's retainers ; and on being told by them that 
it was the lustre of her eyes that their chief so 
much admired, she plucked them out, fixed them 
upon a stick, and sent them to her lover ! She 
died at Restalrig, near Edinburgh, and was buried 
there. In allusion to the story of S. Triduana 
having plucked out her eyes, Sir David Lindsay, 
in satirizing upon images in churches, says : — 
" Saint Tiodwel eke there may be seen, 
Who on a stick halh both her een." 

" St Trodlin's fair," held of old at thekirkstyle 
of Rescobie, was long ago removed to the town of 
Forfar ; but the stone at which the baron courts 
were held, and market custom collected, still 
stands within a small triangular-shaped piece of 
ground (at the east door of the church of Res- 
cobie), the property of the Earl of Strathmore, 
who is patron of the parish. 

Some good examples of Picts' houses, or under- 
ground chambers, were found upon the farm of 
^V'eems some years ago ; but, unfortunately, these 
were closed up soon afterwards. 

Two large boulders at the Blackgate of Pit- 
scandly mark the site of ancient graves, in which 
locality, it is said, a battle was fought between 
the Picts and Scots, when Feredeth, the King of 
the Picts, was slain. One of these stones was 
ornamented by circular markings. At Balhag- 
gardy and Wellton there are other stones of the 
old sculptured type. 

All historians agree that it was in the castle of 
Rescobie that King Donald Bain was so long im- 
prisoned, and had his eyes put out with red hot 
irons, and where he eventually died. It is sup- 
posed that the castle stood upon some of the hil- 
locks adjoining the loch. So far as known, the 
only remaining traces of an ancient strong- 
hold or fort in Rescobie, are those of Kemp Castle, 
upon the top of Turin Hill, of which a good de- 
scription is given in the New Stat. Account 




THE kirk of Erolyn, in tlie diocese of St 
Andrews, was dedicated by Bishop David in 
1242. The present building, which is in the barn 
Btyle of architecture so long common to churches 
in Scotland, was erected in 1783. 

A cofBn-slab, of soft red sandstone, with a 
sword and hunting horn, &c., carved upon the 
sides, and an ornamental cross upon the top, lies 
in the churchyard. The shaft of the cross bears 
the following brief record (in Roman capitals) of 
persons whose history and connection with the 
parish are unknown to the writer : — 

QVA . DIED . IN . RIDIE . 1640. 

The oldest visible tombstone in the churchyard 
bears the name of Androv Bright, and the 
date of 1606. The next in point of antie^uity is 
within an enclosure. The coping stones of the 
walls are embellished with carvings of the five 
passion wounds of Our Saviour, the scourge, the 
pillar to which Christ was bound, the spear and 
the pincers, and three fleur-de-lis. The inscrip- 
tion is as follows : — 

This bvrial bvildet by Mr Villiam Malcolm 1609. 
Discs mori vt bene moriaris 
Pvlvis et vmbra svmvs. 
M. V. G : G. M. 
Heir lyis Girsel Mathov, spovs to Maister 
Villiam Malcolm, minister at Airlie, qwha departed 
this lyf the 23 day of Febrvair, and of hir age 38 
zeu-, 1609. 

Upon a flat stone in area of kirkyard : — 

Heir lyes David Cardean, who departed the 
thrid of May 1662, and his aig was 74 : and Elspat 
Stil his spovs who departed the Fovrt of Ivnij 
1662, and hir aig was 68. 

Hvic tvmvlo lachrimas gemitvscive impende, viator. 
Discite, mortales ! pvlvis et vmbra svmvs. 

Remember al as ye go by, 

As ye are nov so ons vas I : 

As I am nov so most ye be, 
Remember man, for al most die. 
[Traveller ! upon this tomb bestow a tear, a sigh, 
Learn, mortals ! dust are we ; our lives like shadows 


Robert Smith's spouse (1748) : — 

Sure death may kill, but cannot give surprise 
To those whose views are fix'd beyond the skies ; 
He with his spear the vital spring untied, 
And sore my spouse did sicken till she died. 
With winged flight her soul did speed away, 
E'en to the regions of immortal day ; 
Her husband, children, left to weep & moan, 
The best of wives, the kindest mother gone. 

John Archer on his parents (1764) : — 

This worthy pair both free of fraud, 

Made Truth their constant aim ; 

You might depended on their word, 

For still it was the same. 

They lov'd to live with aU around 

In unity & peace ; 

And with a spotless character, 

They finished their race. 

Patrick, son of Thos. Davie, a. 11 (1760) :— 
We of this child had great content, 
For to get learning of his God & Christ was his 
Tho' soon cut of the stage of time, [intent, 

We dar not to refleck that we so soon did part, 
For it was his Letter will. 
That he God's counsel should fulfill. 

Robert, son of R. Lounan, a. 13 (1746) : — 
While nature shrinks to be dissolved, 

Relentless Death strikes hard ; 
Xor blooming youth, nor parents' tears, 

Procure the least regard. 
The lovely child fond parents boast, 

Sunk in a sea of grief ; 
Hard fate — fret we 'gainst Heaven ? No, 

Submission gives relief. 

The chapel of S. John stood near Baikie, where 
there was a loch and castle in old times, but the 
chapel site is unknown. Apart from Baikie, the 
parish of Airlie contains several interesting ob- 
jects of antiquity, such as the underground cave 
at Barns, the castle and den of Airlie, S. Med- 



den's Knowe, &c., all of which are described in 
the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland (vol. iv.), and in Memorials of Angus 
and the Mearns. A coffin slab of an early type, 
with cross and sword, &c., incised, found near 
the manse, was wantonly broken by masons, and 
used in repairs which were being made upon the 
adjoining ofl&ces some years ago. 

(S. — ) 

THE church of Kinc/oudrum, in the diocese of 
Brechin, was given, along with a toft in 
" the shyra" (shire, a division) of the same, to the 
Abbey of Arbroath, by King William the Lion. 
But, in consequence of the fragments of ancient 
sculptured stones, and the old skellach, or bell, 
which have been found at Kingoldrum, it is sup- 
posed to have been the site of a church of a much 
earlier date than the one given to Arbroath by 
King William. 

The old bell, which had been coated with bronze, 
is made of sheet iron ; and when discovered in 
1843, a bronze chalice and glass bowl were got 
beside it. These latter are supposed to have been 
lost ; but the bell was presented to the National 
Museum by the Rev. Mr Haldane, whose know- 
ledge of, and favour for, local history and anti- 
quities are well known in the district. A curious 
bronze cross and chain, found in a stone cist near 
the church, are also in the National Museum, the 
gift of the same gentleman. 

The present church was built in 1840, upon or 
near the site of the previous building, which is 
Baid to have been erected before the Reformation. 
A coffin slab (of soft red sandstone, about 6 feet 
long, embellished with a cross in relief, and a 
sword incised), lies in the burial-ground. Luckily 
this slab is more valued by the minister than that 
which was so wantonly destroyed at Airlie. 
Like the latter, it had doubtless marked the grave 
of some person of local note — possibly that of an 

old laird of Balfour. A handsome mausoleum, 
erected in 1863, marks the burial-place of the 
Farquharsons, sometime lairds of Baldovie and 
Balfour, upon which a marble slab is thus in- 
scribed : — 

►I* The sepulchre of John Farquharson and 
Elizabeth Eamsay of Baldovie ; and of their 
Children. Elizabeth, born 4th January 1768 ; 
died ISth June 1855. Agnes, born 26th March 

1769 ; died in infancy. Thomas, a magistrate and 
deputy-lieutenant of Forfarshire, born 3d October 

1770 ; died 21st November 1860. He was the last 
male representative of the Farquharsons of Broch- 
dearg, in lineal descent from the Chieftain Fiudla 
More, the Royal Standard-Bearer, who fell in de- 
fence of his country, on the field of Pinkey, 10th 
September 1547, and was interred in the neigh- 
bouring cemetery of Inveresk. R. I. P. 

—John Farquharson, son of Alex. Farquharson, 
farmer, Inzion, Lintrathen, came to the estate of 
Baldovie by marrying Miss Ramsay, the eldest 
niece of Dr Ogilvy. Their son Thomas added 
the adjoining lands of Balfour to the property, 
and was succeeded by his cousin, Capt. Mitchell, 
a native of Lintrathen, whose father was long 
factor to the Earls of Airlie. Capt. Mitchell 
who erected the mausolem, died unmarried in 
1865, aged 84. Besides numerous private legacies, 
heleft£50,000toerectand endow an institution for 
the support of poor and aged priests of the Roman 
Catholic Church. Balfour and Baldovie, which 
were sold after Captain M.'s death, were bought 
by Sir Thomas Munro, of Lindertis, Bart. 

The churchyard is kept in good order ; and the 
following inscriptions are selected from some of 
the tombstones : — 

Heir lyes ane honest woman called Isobel 
Wricht, spovs to Olifer Smal in Kiugovthervm, 
vha departed lanvar, ano 164r-, and of hir age -9. 

Janet Buchan, wf. of John Dick, farmer, Aa- 
creavie, d. 1748, a. 62 : — 

Below this stone are here reposed 

The ruins of a Tent, 
Where divine virtue deigned to dwell, 
But, all ! how soon were spent 



Her mortal j^ears ; the tyrant, Death, 

Resistless gives the thrust ; 
The virtuous wife, and virtuous Tent, 
Stricks down into the dust. 
James Duncan d. 1742 : — 

What havock makes impartial death 

On all the human kind ; 
Ganst him a virtuous life's no gard. 

Nor yet the purest mind. 
And most all clay — yes, it is destian'd 

For every sack [sex] and age. 
The old and bowed, and young robust, 
And infantes quit the stage. 
Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Here lyes Iames Watson, who lived att the Mill 
of Kingoldrum, who departed this life the first day 
of January 1719, and of his age 95 : — 

Eeader, repent ere tyme be spent. 
Think on a future state ; 
Do not delay another day, 
In case it prove too late. 

The monks of Arbroath bad the sole right to 
hunt in the forest of Kingoldrum, from which, by 
special order of Alexander III., all were excluded 
who had not permission from the Abbots. The 
Castle of Balfour, of which a mere fragment re- 
mains, is said by some to have been built by 
Cardinal Beaton, while Abbot of Arbroath. It 
is more probable, however, since Balfour was held 
of the Abbots by Ogilvys from at legist the year 
1478, that the castle had been erected by one of 
that family. 

Stone cists, flint weapons, and other traces of 
the early inhabitants, have been found in various 
parts of the parish. There are also some pecu- 
liar-looking entrenchments, and stone circles, 
upon the Skurroch Hill, to the west of the 
manse ; where, in later times, the body of John 
Cattanach, the victim of a dreadful and pre- 
concerted murder, was buried in a marl pit. The 
particulars of this murder, which occurred in the 
barnyard at Meikle Kenny, 11th June 1746, as 
well as the account of the cost of the execution of 
two of the persons implicated, are printed in 
Montrose Standard of 27th March 1863. 

A spring, called NeiVs Well, is in the vicinity 
of the church. A tablet over the manse door 
bears the initials of Mr James Badenoch, minis- 
ter, and writer of the Old Statistical Account of 
the parish : — 



THE name of Keith first occurs about 1195, in 
King Willam's grant of Grange to the Abbey 
of Kiiiloss. The church of A't/, or Keyth, which 
was a mensal church of the Bishops of Moray, 
was granted to the cathedral of Elgin about 1203. 
In 1214-24, it is called Keth-Malruf, being a 
combination of the names of the place and of the 
saint, to whom the kirk was dedicated. There 
is a valuable and interesting history of S. Mael- 
rubha and his churches, by Dr Beeves, in Pro- 
ceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scot- 
land, vol. iii. 

The present church of Keith, which was built 
in 1816-19, cost nearly £6000. It is conveniently 
situated at some distance from the churchyard. 
Painted boards (certainly not in keeping with 
the neatness of the internal architecture of the 
building) are placed over the entrance door. One 
bears the names of those who have contributed to 
a fund which was begun by Miss Innes, late of 
Maisley, for the benefit of Poor Householders in 
Keith, the total sum of which amounts to about 
£819 ; another fund for the same purpose was 
founded by Major Peter Duncan, to which he 
alone gave £850. The bequest of £150 by John 
Thurburn of Murtle, for the purchase of coals, 
is also recorded ; as well as that of a like sum by 
Robert Green, solicitor, for the support of the 
Sabbath School, and the purchase of Bibles. 

A pewter basin is inscribed round the margin 
— " This Baptising Bason belongs to the kirk of 
Keith, 1777.'* The beU now in use is modern ; 
and the previous instrument, though tongue- 



less, but otherwise sound, is possibly the more 
harmonious of the two. It is preserved in the 
steeple, and has this inscription upon it : — 


[John Mowat, Old Aberdeen, made me, 1755. As 
sounds a bell, so sounds the life of the parishioners 
of Keith. Sabbaths I proclaim, at funerals 1 toll. ] 

The old kirk, which stood in the churchyard, 
was a long narrow building (99 by 28 feet), with 
an aisle, also outside stairs to the lofts. It is said 
that there were thirteen lairis in Keith at one 
time, and that each of them had a door in the old 
kirk, which led to their respective pews. The 
only part of the old building which remains (traces 
of the foundations excepted), is that which con- 
tains a monument to the wife and family of 
Strachan of Thornton. It is of freestone, embel- 
lished with the armorial bearings of Strachan and 
Rose, also a monogram, and this inscription : — 

Sub scamuo D^. Kiunmiunitie cineres lectissim<e 
feminai D. Kath. Ross.e D. de Thorntone, cuius 
fctiamsi fragrautissimje memorise monumentis omni 
aere perenniorib' abunde satis litatum sit hoc tamen 
mauseoleo parentandum duxit coniunx ijjsius pul- 
latus D. lac. Strachanus de Thorut : huius eccle- 
site pastor. Obiit puerpera 6 Apr. anno 1G89 
.... quiescunt et hie GuL., Kob., et Joshue 
Strachanus filii eorum. 

[Under the Kinminnitie family seat lie the ashes 
of a most exemplary woman, Dame Kath. Rose, 
Lady of Thorntone, to whose most fragrant me- 
mory, although amply perpetuated by monuments 
more durable than any brass, her mourning husband 
Mr James Strachan of Thorntone, pastor of this 
church, deemed the erection of this mausoleum a 
becoming tribute of respect. She died in childbed, 
April 6, 1689 .... Here also rest William, 
Robert, and Joshua Strachan, their sons.] 
— It is said that the above jNIr Strachan succeeded 
to the baronetcy of Thornton in theMearns: there 
is also a place called Thornton near Keith. The 
striking coincidence is recorded {v. p. 134), of a 
lady of Thornton having died in 1661, under the 
same painful circumstances as the above ; and the 
similarity of the diction of the prefatory part of 

both inscriptions is worthy of note. The follow- 
ing notices of Mr Jas. Strachan and his son are 
from the late Mr Griffin's MS. notes upon a copy of 
Dr Oliver's Collec. for a Biography of the Jesuits : 
— " James Ramsay of Thornton, alias Sir James 
Strachan, Episcopal minister at Keith, ejected at- 
the Revolution," had a son Hugh Ramsay or 
Strachan, born in 1672, who was converted in 
1693 by Dr Jamieson, then a priest at Aberdeen. 
He was sent to Rome ; but, in passing through 
Douay became a Jesuit. He returned a mis- 
sionary to his native country in 1701, and died at 
Douay in 1745. 

A monument, which also marks the site of a 
family burial-place within the old kirk, bears : — 
Sacred to the memory of the 
Gordons and Stuarts of Birkenburn, 1845. 
— The first Gordon of Birkenburn, a son of Les- 
more, in Rhynie, acquired the estate about 1550. 
The family failed in three co- heiresses about the 
middle of the last century. One married Mr 
Stuart, minister of Drumblade ; a second, Mr 
Milne, minister at Inverkeithny ; and the third, 
known as " Lady Catherine Gordon," died in 
Old Keith. John Stuart, son of the minister of 
Drumblade, sold Birkenburn to the Earl of Sea- 
field, and erected the stone from which the above 
inscription is copied. A carved panel of the old 
family seat is in possession of a lady at Keith, and 
thus inscribed : — 


BY . A . G . OF . BIRKENBURN . 1604 


[To God alone be the glory ; Jesus overcometh envy. ] 

Upon a table-shaped stone, near the north-east 
corner of churchyard : — 

Hugh Macky, sailor aboard the Antilope man- 
of-war, erected this stone to the memory of John 
Macky, his dear father, who was born A° 1690, 
died A» 1732, aged 42 ; and of 

Near the above, a modern head-stone records 
the death of a long-lived race, four of whom, it 
will be seen, died at the age of 88 : — 

Geo. Smith, feuer, Newmill, in memory of his 
father Geokge Smith, who died 1812, aged 88 ; 



his mother, Jean Miln, died 1826, aged 88 ... . 
his sister, Jean, died 1851, aged 88 ; his wife, 
Elizabeth Geddes, died 1853, aged 88. The fore- 
said George Smith died 1854, aged 83. 

Hear lyes the corppes of thre child riu Alexar. 
IvN, and Isbeal Hendrys, lawfol childring to 
Robert Hendry, parishoner in Keith, 1G82. 

Rudely cut upon the face of an adjoining stone 
are the initials — I. L: E. T : I. L., and the date 
of 1688. Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

This stone is erected in memory of James Glash^vn, 
late residenter in Keith, who was born the 11 day 
of Dec. 1686 years, and died the 9 day of January 
1771 years, in the 85th year of his age. Also of 
Anne Baird, his wife, who was born the — day of 

17—, and died the 14 day of Sept. 1762 years, 

in the — year of her age. 

— It was of the above Mr Glashan that Ferguson, 
the astronomer, said—" I shall always have a re- 
spect for the memory of this man." Ferguson 
was employed as a servant upon Mr G.'s farm of 
Ardneadlie, now part of Braeheads, or the croft 
lands of Keith. While there Mr G. afforded 
Ferguson many facilities to pursue his favourite 
studies. Ferguson in his autobiography says : 
— " My master gave me more time than I could 
reasonably expect, and often took the thrashing 
flail out of my hands and worked himself, whilst 
I sat by him in the barn, busy with my com- 
passes, ruler, and pen." (y. p. 102.) 

An adjoining stone, in memory of Mr G.'s 
daughter-in-law, shows the somewhat remarkable 
occurrence of her having given birth to all her 
children upon Sundays : — 

This stone is erected in memory of Elizabeth 
Anderson, daughter of Mr James Anderson, some- 
time minister of the Gospel at Keith, wife of James 
Glashan, writer, there. She was born 28 Feb. 
1751, and died 10 July 1773, in the 22 year of her 
age, leaving issue .James, her only son, born Sun- 
day, 1 April 1770 ; Jean, her first daughter, born 
Sunday, 31 March 1771 ; and Elizabeth, the youngest 
child, born Sunday 2 May 1773, after whose birth, 
the mother, upon the day above mentioned, of a 
consumptive illness, died. 

— The eldest daughter, Jean, became the wife of 
Robert Stuart of Aucharnie, in Forgue, by whom 

she had several children. The survivor of these, 
John, LL.D., of Newmill, near Edinburgh, is the 
well-known Secretary of the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland, and of the Spalding Club, a great 
many of the valuable publications of which Club, 
including the Sculptured Stones of Scotland, 
(2 vols, fol.), and The Book of Deer, have been 
edited and prefaced by him. Mr Anderson, who 
was minister first at CuUen, from whence he was 
translated to Keith, iu 1762, died in 1770 ; but 
no stone marks his grave, [y. Forgue.] 

'J"he following inscription is from the oldest of 
three monuments within an enclosure: — 

M. S. Adami Longmore, ad collem de Mountgreu 
olim coloni, e vita A. S. H. 1770 evocati ; necnon 
Margaret^e Ogilvie, anno 1781 demortute, conju- 
gum fidorum, parentum charissimorum ; Adamus 
Longmore, ab ierai-io in Scotia Regio H. C. P. F. 
anno 1809. 

[Sacred to the memory of Adam Longmore, 
sometime farmer at Hill (or Brae) of Mountgreu, 
who was summoned from life in the year of human 
salvation, 1770 ; and also of Margaret Ogilvie, 
who died in the year 1781 — faithful partners, most 
affectionate parents. Adam Longmore, of the Royal 
Exchequer in Scotland, caused this tomb to be 
erected in 1809.] 

Round the margin of a coffin slab of yellow 
sandstone, embellished with a floral cross in re- 
lief, is the following, which relates to a much re- 
spected Scotch Episcopal clergyman : — 

►I- Resteth John Murdoch, who for many years 
ministered at Rathven, Keith, and Fochabers. Ob. 
29 April A. D. 1850, ast. 83. 

— The Rev. Dr James F. S. Gordon, of St Andrew's 
Episcopal Church, Glasgow, author of a Scotich- 
ronicon and Mouasticon, &c., is a native of Keith, 
and married a daughter of Mr Murdoch to his 
first wife. A table-shaped stoue presents the fol- 
lowing : — 

John Giles, spiiming- wheel maker in Keith, died 
26 Oct. 1787, aged 75 :— 

Beneath this stone, iu hope again to rise, 
The relics of ane honest man are laid ; 
So, Reader, learn superior woi-th to prize, 
That what is said of him, of thee be said. 



Such peaceful neighbour, and a friend so sure, 
Such tender parent, and such husband kind ; 
Such modest pattern of Religion pure, 
In Keith's wide precincts we too seldom find. 
His hands industrious, and his heai-t sincere. 
Of worldly wise men, he disdained the wiles ; 
Go, Passenger ! make haste thy God to know, 
And in thy actions imitate John Giles. 
In the north-west corner of the burial ground 
a marble tablet, within an enclosure, is thus in- 
scribed : — 

To the memory of James Thurburn of Smail- 
holm, Berwickshire, only son of the Rev. John 
Thurburn, minister of Kirknewton. This stone is 
placed here by his three sous in testimony of their 
affectionate remembrance of his excellent qualities, 
his sound understanding, his honour and integrity, 
which remained unshaken through much adverse 
fortune. He died at Drum, near Keith, 9 May 
1798, aged 59. His remains are deposited in the 
burial ground of Milne of Kinstair, in this church- 

— It is told that Mr T. was brought from the 
south of Scotland by the Earl of Findlater for the 
purpose of introducing the growth and manufac- 
ture of flax into this part of the country, both of 
which were long and successfully carried on by 
him. But, towards the close of Mr T.'s life, the 
trade having become depressed, he, like others 
who were extensively engaged in the business, 
lived to feel a reverse of fortune, as expressed in 
the above inscription. One of Mr T.'s sons, John 
(who gave, "in memory of his father, James," 
£150, the interest of which is disbursed in the 
purchase of coals for the poor of Keith), died laird 
of Murtle, on Deeside ; a second sou, Robert, be- 
came an opulent merchant abroad ; and a third 
continued farmer of Drum. Another son be- 
came a solicitor in Keith. Of the female de- 
scendants, one is the lady of Sir J. Innes of Edin- 

The erector of the stone which bears the next 
quoted inscription was a ploughman to his father 
on the farm of Arduach. Owing to a family 
quarrel, he left home, enlisted as a private soldier, 
and raised himself to the position of a major in 
the army : — 

This stone was erected by Captain lames McKon- 
dachy, in the 93d Regt. , son to lohn McKondachy, 
in Arduch, in memory of his mother Margaret 
Forsyth, who died the 22d day of lune 1791, aged 
64 years. 

Within a railed enclosure : — 

The Revd. James M'Leajj, minister of this parish 
from 1795 to 1825, and afterwards at Urquhart, 
Morayshire, where he died 14 Nor. 1840, aged 82. 
His wife Elizabeth Tod, died at Keith, 3d April 

— Another slab records the death of five daughters 
and two sons. George, born 1801, died at Cape 
Coast Castle, Africa, in 1847, of which he had 
been sometime governor. He married in June 
1838, the celebrated authoress, L. E. L. (Letitia 
Elizabeth Landon), who died in October of the 
following year. Dr Hugh M'Lean of West Park, 
Elgin, is another son of the minister of Keith. 

Upon one side of an obelisk of freestone : — 

Sacred to the memory of Mary Smith, daughter 
of Edward Smith, Fochabers, and widow of Alex. 
Mortimer of Excise, burgess of Forres. She died 
4 Jan. 1802, aged 62. This tomb is erected by de- 
sire of her son, the late Edward Mortimer, Esq. 
of Pictou, who was an eminent merchant, and long 
chief magistrate of that town. He was also a judge 
in the Court of Common Pleas ; and for 20 years 
represented the county of Halifax in the General 
Assembly of Nova Scotia. He died at Pictou, 10 
Oct. 1819, aged 51. [The names of some sisters 
and other relatives of Mr M. are recorded upon 
another side of the monument.] 

A monument near the west dyke of the burial- 
ground is inscribed : — 

This monument erected to the memory of James 
Milne of Kinstair, who died 9 May 1771, aged S3. 
Sophia Grant, his wife, who died 25 Aug. 1754, 
aged 63. James Milne, at Mill of Towie, his 
grandfather, died 1712, aged 83. John Milne, 
portioner of Urquhart, his father, died 1709, aged 
50. John Milne, younger of Kinstair, his son, died 
29 July 1743, aged 29. Jean Milne, his daughter, 
died 14 Feb. 1755, aged 26. Six other children 

died young, &o all buried 49 feet due east 

from this, under a separate gravestone, except the 
said John Milne, portioner of Urquhart, who died 
at Urquhart, and was buried there. 



A flat stone, iu area of old kirk, bears : — 

In hopes of ane blised resurrection, heir lyeth 
Ianet Geddes, spows to George Macky in New- 
milhi, who depr. this life the 12 of March 1690. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Under this stone lies the body of Alexander 
Jamieson, a tender husband, a good father, and a 
faithful friend, who departed this life May 3, 1773, 
aged 81. 

James Jamieson, late Master in Eoyal Navy, 
died 18 July 1817, aged 82 years. His remains are 
interred under this stone, on which his widow, 
Janet Jamieson, has caused this simple record to 
be engraved. 

— This was the Jamie Jamieson mentioned in 
Lord Nelson's Despatches ; and with whom Nel- 
son sailed when Jamieson was master of H.M. 
frigate the Boreas. This tombstone was originally 
erected by Jamieson to the memory of his father. 
The following is upon a granite head stone : — 

Erected to the memory of Major Peter Duncan, 
sometime of the 66th Regt. of Foot, who died 16 
July 1854, aged 77 years, and was interred here ; 
where also lie the remains of his sister Margaret, 
who died 13 July 1836, aged 63 years. 
— Duncan had the merit of having risen from the 
ranks ; and while Captain, he was appointed one 
of the guards of Napoleon the First at St Helena. 
It is told that Napoleon having noticed a medal 
on Duncan's breast, began to examine it one day ; 
but on seeing that the decoration was for the battle 
of Vittoria, he allowed it to drop from his fingers. 
Besides (as before seen) having himself founded 
a fund for the benefit of poor householders, natives 
of the parish of Keith, Capt. D. also contributed 
£134 to the lunes fund, for the like purpose. 

The towns of New Keith and Fife-Keith are 
separated from each other by the river Isla, which 
is crossed on the highway by a substantial stone 
bridge. The bridge, built in 1770, was widened 
in 1816. The old bridge, which is a fine speci- 
men of the strong, narrow, and high pitched arch 
of the period, has a stone built into the west side, 

dated 1609, upon which are the Murray and 
Lindsay arms impaled, and these names : — 


On the east side : — 

ERECTED 1609 : REPAIRED 1822. 

New Keith ^ which adjoins what may be called 
the ruins of the village of Old Keith, was begun 
by Lord Findlater in 1750 ; and Fife-Keith was 
founded by the Earl of Fife in 1817. Both are 
thriving places, with a considerable population. 
The village of Newmill, which was founded about 
the same time as Fife-Keith, is about a mile from 
the latter place. 

Some of the churches, houses, and shops in 
New Keith are neat and spacious. The Ro- 
man Catholic Chapel, dedicated to S. Thomas, 
is in the Corinthian style ; and colossal figures 
of SS. Petlr and Paul (after those of Michael 
Angelo), are upon each end of the pediment. The 
frieze is thus inscribed : — 


— The Chapel was erected chiefly through the 
enterprise of the Rev Mr Walter Lovi, R. 
C.C., who travelled on the Continent, as well 
as through Great Britain, soliciting subscriptions 
for its erection. In the course of his wanderings 
he met with, and applied to Charles X. of France, 
who not only gave a handsome donation in money ; 
but that unfortunate Prince also commissioned 
M. Francois Dubois to paint an altar-piece for 
the chapel. The subject, which represents the 
Incredulity of S. Thomas, is a large picture, in 
the artist's best manner. It was finished in 
1830 ; and the royal gift, with the original date of 
it, is upon a plate in the corner : — 

Carolus X., Rex Gallorum Christianisslmus, dono 
dedif, A.D. 1829. 

— After the dethronement of King Charles, Mr 
Lovi, fearing that the picture might be lost to 
his chapel, went to Paris and had an audience 
with Louis-Philippe, who at once delivered it over 
to Mr Lovi. It reached Keith in 1831, was 
placed in the chapel in 1832 ; and, on 15 Aug. 
of same year, Bishop Kyle opened the chapel for 
Divine service. 



The parish of Keith, out of which Grange was 
formed (v. p. 100), contains few objects of anti- 
quarian or historical interest. When James V. 
made a pilgrimage to the shrine of S. Duthoc at 
Tain, in Oct. 1497, he appears to have slept a 
night here, when 18s were paid " at the Kirk of 
Keth to the gudwif of the houss,'' and Is 4d " to 
the prest that sed mes to the King thair." 

Here also the Great Montrose, when on his way 
to Edinburgh in 1650, after his betrayal for 400 
bolls of meal (!) by his O'.vn companion in arms, 
M'Leod of Assynt, was taken upon a Sunday by 
his guard, seated upon a pony, meanly clad, but 
securely tied by ropes, to hear in the churchyard 
the declamations of Mr Kiniumonth, the parish 
minister, who chose for his text (1 Sam. xv. 33), 
" As thy sword hath made women childless, so 
shall thy mother be childless among women." It 
is told that Montrose, who soon saw that the 
heartless representative of Him who ever spoke 
feelingly to sufferers, was to make him the object 
of his lecture, smiled, and nobly said—" Rail on, 
sir, / am hound to listen to you !" 

The bridge at Haughs was erected soon after 
1770. According to tradition, the bridge at 
Bridgend was built soon after 1678, in which year 
the 4th Marquis of Hnntly, afterwards Duke of 
Gordon, along with his young Marchioness, were 
arrested there while on their marriage trip from 
the south to Gordon Castle, owing to the large- 
ness of the stream. To prevent the recurrence of 
danger and delay at this place, it is said that the 
bridge, of which the picturesque arch still re- 
mains, was erected soon after. 

Two stones (triangular shaped) lie near the 
middle of the churchyard. Both are charged in 
chief with the Gordon arms, and a fess in the 
centre, with those of Innes and Melville, respec- 
tively, in base. One stone is initialed and dated, 
I. G : E. I. 1677 ; the other, A. G : K. M. 1G93. 

A carving of the Oliphant arms, quartered with 
those of Ogilvy, is built into the north side of 
the Strachan tomb. Charles, 7th Lord Oliphant, 
married Mary, heiress of Ogilvy of Milton, a cadet 
of the Findlater family, and thus came to estates 
in this quarter. In addition to Milton, these 

appear to have consisted of Auchynanie, Little 
Cantlie, and the Croft and Alehouse of Keith, 
which latter, when John Ogilvy succeeded his 
grandfather in 1655, was called Craigduffscroft, 
or "the croft of the black rock." The tower of 
Milton is picturesquely situated upon the craig 
or rock referred to, near the Linn of Keith. It 
is said to have been erected by Lord Oliphant, 
and is sometimes called by his name. It is quite 
ruinous, and had never been a building either of 
much size or elegance. 

George Gordon, who was sometime a medical 
practitioner at Keith, his native place, perished 
while bathing near the Linn in 1819. He was 
accomplished in almost every department of the 
fine arts; and, in 1820, prefaced by a memoir of 
his brief career, appeared " Elgiva," a long his- 
torical poem of more than ordinary merit. 

%\ WW tit. 

(?S. ARNOLD.) 

THE church of JSTine/ belonged to the Priory of 
St Andrews, and was dedicated by Bishop 
David in 1242: A chapel was attached to it, 
possibly that of S. John, which stood at Barras, 
or that of S. IMartin, at the Bridgend. 

The present church, near which stood S. Ar- 
nold's cell, is a sorry fabric, bearing the date of 
1760. Round the rim of the bell :— 


—The initials, M. I. H. are also upon the west 
side of the bell. These last may refer to some 
one of the Honymans, four of whom, as will be 
seen below, were ministers of the parish. 

As is well known, it was within the old kirk 
of Kinneff that the Regalia of Scotland were con- 
cealed during the time of the Commonwealth. 
Those precious articles, which were carried by the 
minister's wife from Dunottar Castle, through 




the very ranks of the besiegers, aud by her own 
■well-managed plans, and those of the lady of 
Governor Ogilvie, were deposited in a hole pur- 
posely made for them by the minister below the 
pulpit. They remained there until the Restora- 
tion ; when they were delivered, by the King's 
orders, to the Earl Marischal. But the rewards 
for the important service of preserving the royal 
insignia, were dealt out in an inverse ratio. John 
Keith, brother to Earl Marischal, who knew no- 
thing of the affair, having been himself abroad 
during the whole transaction, but whose name 
had been used in a letter for the sole purpose of 
misleading the usurpers, " got" (as Sir W. Scott 
has well expressed it) the Earldom [of Kintore], 
pension, &c. ; Ogilvie only inferior honours ; and 
the poor clergyman nothing whatever, or, as we 
say, " the hare's foot to lick !" 

A monument, built into the south wall of the 
church, on the left of the pulpit, adorned with 
the Ogilvie of Barras arms, contains the following 
renewed inscription in which "mdclx" has been 
erroneously set down for mdclxi : — 

iEternce memorise sacrum D. Geoegii Ogilvie 
de Barras, Equitis Baroneti, qui Arci Dunotriensi 
prjefectus streuue earn per aliquod tempus adversus 
parricidarum Anglorum copias tutatus, earn tandem 
dedere est ooactus. Non ante tamen quam ipsius 
conjugisque suae D. Elizabeths Douglassis opera 
Imperii Scotici Insignia, Corona, sciz : Sceptrum at 
Gladius, ibi reposita, clam inde avecta atque in hac 
Kinneffi rede sacra in tiito essent coUocata. Ob 
egregia hac viri in Patriam merita constantemque 
et illibatam in Eegiam Familiam jfidem Equitis 
Baroneti honorem per literas patentes III. Non : 
Mai-t : anno MDCLX. a Hege datas, est consecutus : 
auctis ejus Pateruis Insignibus gentilibus quibus 
in liunc usque diem famiiia sua utitur. Piegio porro 
diplomate Magno Seotite Sigillo munito ei conces- 
suni est terrarum suarum possidendarum jus a 
tenura quam vulgo Wardam Simplicem appellant, 
in Albam quse dicitur tenuram commutaretur. In 
utroque hoc instrumento Piegio summa ejus in prin- 
cipes sues fidelitas atque egregia merita maximo 
cum eulogio commemorabantur. David OGIL^^E, 
Eques Barouetus, supra dicti pronepos obiit Non : 
Decern : MDCCXCIX. annos natus LXX. Domina 
Ogilvie hujus conjux obiit XIV. Kal : Ian : anno 

MDCCC. annos nata LIII. Ambo in hao tede 

[Sacred to the memory of Sir George Ogilvie of 
Barras, knight baronet, who, being in command of 
the Castle of Dunottar, vigorously defended it for 
some time against the forces of the English parri- 
cides, but was at length compelled to surrender it. 
Not, however, until, with the assistance of his wife, 
Dame Elizabeth Douglas, he had secretly remov- 
ed from it the Scottish Regalia, viz., the Crown, 
Sceptre, and Sword, and had them deposited and 
placed in safety in this church of Kinneff. For 
these distinguished services to his country, and for 
his firm and untainted fidelity to the Royal Family, 
he obtained the rank and title of Knight Baronet, 
by letters patent, granted by the King, 5th March 
1660 ; the family arms, which his descendants still 
use, being added to those of his forefathers. More- 
over, by a Royal diploma, under the Great Seal of 
Scotland, he was allowed to change the tenure by 
which he held his lands from that of Ward to Blench. 
In both of these Royal documents, his unwaver- 
ing fidelity to his Sovereign, and his eminent 
services were mentioned with the highest praise. 
David Ogilvie, knight baronet, great-grandson of 
the above-mentioned, died 5 Dec. 1799, aged 70 
years. Lady Ogilvie, his wife, died 20 Deo. 
1800, aged 53 years. Both are buried in this 
church. ] 

— Governor Ogilvie's lady was a daughter of 
Douglas of Barras, 4th son of the 9th Earl of 
Angus, She was married to Ogilvie in 1634, by 
whom she had an only son. In consequence of 
the harsh treatment which she received from the 
usurpers, she did not long survive the surren- 
der of Dunottar Castle ; but with a nobleness of 
heart charactex'istic of her race, she enjoined her 
husband when on her death-bed rather to suffer 
death than betray his country, a request which, 
under much suffering, he firmly maintained. 
Governor Ogilvy was the son of the laird of Lum- 
gair (r. p. 48), and bought the property of Barras 
from his brother-in-law. Sir John Douglas. 
Barras was bought by the Trustees of Donald- 
son's Hospital, Edinburgh; and the male line of 
Ogilvie of Barras failed in the person of Sir 
George, the 4th baronet, who died in 1837. (v. 



A mutilated tombstone, in the north wall of 
the church, upon which are the initials M. I. G ; 
C. F., thus eulogises the share which Mr Granger 
and his wife, Christian Fletcher, had in sav- 
ing the honours of the kingdom : — 

Scotia Grangeei cui Insignia Eegia debet 
Servata hie cineres relliquia3q' jacent. 
Abstulit obsesso psene hiBC captiva Dunotro, 
Condidit et sacra qva tvmvlator hvmo. 
Prcemia daut superi ; patrii scrvator honoris 
Sceptra rotat superos inter athleta chor . . 
[Here lie the remains of Granger, to whom 
Scotland is indebted for the preservation of her 
Royal Insignia. These, when on the very eve of 
capture, he removed from Duuotter during the 
siege, and concealed in the sacred ground in which 
he is interred. He enjoys his reward above ; the 
heroic preserver of his country's honour now wields 
a sceptre amid the celestial choirs. ] 
— Mrs Granger survived her husband, and was 
afterwards married to a neighbouring laird, named 
Abercrombie. The Presbytery Records of Brechin 
show that Mr Granger was licensed before 19th 
September 1639, and that on 10th October 
thereafter he was a " preacher in IMontrose," 
where he " is ordained with his own consent, to 
keep the presbyterial meetings once in three 
weeks at least, vnder paine of censure." On 3d 
Sep. 1640, he was still a " preacher in Montrose," 
and of that date he desired the Presbytery's 
" testimonial of his lyff and qualificatione for the 
ministerie directed to the presbyterie of the 
Meirns, q"^ was granted." It was about this 
time that Mr Granger became minister of Kinneff, 
where he died in 1663. He was succeeded by 
Mr James Honyman, to whom and his family a 
tablet on the right of the pulpit is thus inscribed : — 
In memory of Mr James Honyman, brother of 
Andrew, Bishop of Orkney, and Robert, Arch- 
dean of St Andrews, who was settled minister of 
this parish of Kinneff, 30th Sept. 1663, and died 
2d May 1693, and is here interred. And of Mr 
Andrew Honyman, his eldest son, who succeeded 
in the charge, and died 30th Dec. 1732 ; and, to- 
gether with his wife, Helen Rait, of the family 
of Finlawston, is here interred. (His youngest 
brother, Mr James, was settled minister in New- 

port, Rhode Island, and left a family, one of his 
sons being lately Attorney-General there). And of 
Mr James Honyman, his eldest son, and successor 
in this charge, who died 16th Jan. 1780, aged 77 
years, & is interred here, with his wife Katiierine 
Allardyce, daughter of Provost AUai-dyce in 
Aberdeen. And of Mr James Honyman, his eldest 
son, who succeeded him in this charge, and died 
5th Aug. 1781, aged 36 years, and is here interred. 
This monument is erected by Mv John, a dissenting 
clergyman in England, Dr Robei't, a physician in 
Virginia, and Helen, the wife of Robert Edward in 
Harvieston, brothers & sister of the last deceased. 
— The first Mr Honyman, who died in 1693, 
appears to have left a young family ; and his son, 
Andrew, was not licensed until 16th Aug. 1700; 
on which day Mr James Fleming, presentee to 
the church of Kinneff, complained to the Presby- 
tery " that y'' is not a manse at Kinneff, and that 
the kirk y'of is ruinous." It was on 20th July 
1699, that the above Mr Andrew Honyman offered 
forcible resistance to having the kirk preached 
vacant, to which he himself "pretended" to have 
a call from the parishioners ; but having expressed 
sorrow for his conduct before the Presbytery, they 
agreed, in consideration of his " young brethren 
and sisters, of q™ he hath the charge," to give 
him the stipend and crop of the parish for the 
year 1699. He appears to have ultimately suc- 
ceeded to the church ; and it is believed that his 
son, who died in 1780, wrote the popular song of 
" Hie, bonnie lassie, blink over the burn." The 
Honymans belonged to St Andrews. The Bishop 
of Orkney was minister first of Ferry-Port-on- 
Craig, from which he was translated to, and be- 
came Archdeacon of St Andrews. He succeeded 
Bishop Sydserf in the See of Orkney ; and in 
1668, while entering the coach of Archbishop 
Sharpe, at the head of Blackfriar's Wynd, Edin- 
burgh, he received a shot in his arm from a poi- 
soned bullet, which was intended for Sharpe, from 
the effects of which he never quite recovered. The 
shot was fired by a religious fanatic named 
Mitchell, who had taken part in the risings in the 
Pentlaud Hills. 

Near the middle of a gravestone, built into tlio 
north wall, a death's head and the words memento 



MORI are rudely carved. Also " de Large," and 
the Graham arms, with a mullet or star of three 
points ujDon the chevron, -which, as the inscription 
indicates, shows that the deceased was third son of 
Graham of Morphie. Round the margin of the 
stone is this motto : — 

A . MORFE . FL' . TERTi' . QVI . PIE . ET . SANCTE . IN 
^TATIS . SV^ . 37. 

[Below the Graham arms] : — 

Inventum est hoc monumentum reparanda hac 
sede A.D. MDCccxxx. 

[In this tomb is laid a pious and honourable man, 
Robert Graiiaji of Largie, third son to the laird 
of Morphie, who piously fell asleep in the Lord in 
the year of Christ 1597, in the 37th year of his age. 
This monument was discovered when the church 
was repaired in 1830.] 

— The Grahams of Morphie (as shewn at p. 36) are 
now represented by Barron Graham, Esq., laird 
of Morphie, and Stone o' Morphie, &c. 

Upon a monument, with the Young arms, &c. 
(v. p. 75), in the east wall of the church :— 

MemorifB Joannis Yottng de Stank, vicecomitis 
de Kincardine, qui obijt quai-to die Martij, anno 
1750, aetatis 52, Gulielmus Young, M.D., filius, 
hoe marmor posuit. 

[To the memory of John Young of Stank, sheriff 
of Kincardine, who died 4th March 1750, aged 52, 
his son William Young, M.D., erected this monu- 

— The Duke of Cumberland, when on his way to 
Culloden in 1746, was the guest of Mr Young at 
Stonehaven. " Stank," is now named BcUfield. 
Dr Young's grave, which is within an enclosure 
at the east end of the church, is marked by a 
monument erected by his sister Mary, which 
bears this inscription : — 

In memory of William Young, M. D. , of Faw- 
syde, who died 9 March 1850 ; and of his wife, 
Mary Logie, who died 18 Nov. 1838. Also of 
their only child Jane Young, who died 2 March 
— Fawsyde passed by inheritance to the late Rev. 

Mr Torry Anderson. It now belongs to Dr Wm 
Nicol, H.E.I.C.S., late M.P. for Dover. He 
was born at Fawsyde, where he has erected a 
neat mansion-house and offices. 

In early times (1361), it was acquired by Simon 
of Shaklock ; and was afterwards owned by 
Barclay of Mathers. In the year of the Revolu- 
tion Mr Robert Napier was succeeded in Fawsyde 
and other lands by his son William. The pro- 
perty of Fawsyde, near Tranent, gave both name 
and title to a knightly race during the time of 
David 11. 

A table-shaped tombstone on south side of 
church, (which adjoins another almost illegible, 
relating to the same family), bears : — 

Andreas Lindsay, tenens de Whisleberry, filius 
Joannis & nepos alij Joannis Lindsays, diet, prse- 
dij tenen., pronepos Jacobi Lindsay, tenen. de 
Brigand, & abnepos Rogeri Lindsay, tenen. de 
Barras, ab illustri et autiqua familia Liudseorum, 
primo de Glenesque, et postea de Edzel designat. , 
orti, diversarum nobilium familiarum ancesterum, 
tribus ult. ment. apud Caterline sepultis, hoc posuit 
memori£e diet, sui Patris, qui obijt 20 De. 1724, 
fetatis 57 ; Joanna Napier, ejus Matris, quse fatis 
concessit 30 No. 1743, ajtatis 56 ; (sepultse apud 
Bervy) ; Catilirin^e Christy, ejus uxoris, quas 
decessit 25 Ap. 1743, ajtatis 38 ; et Catharine. 
Lindsay, su£e filias, quaj obijt in pueritia. Obijt 
ille Andreas Lindsay 2^° Julii 1761, tetatis vero 
57, hic(]j sepultus. Ejus liberi superstites fuere, 
Joannis (patris successor in Whisleberry), Hugo, 
(scriba in Aberdeen), Joanna (uxor Gulielmi Cruick 
shank, civis Aberdonensis), Helena et Anna (adhuc 
inuupta') ; Jacobo, filio primegenito (apud Cork 
in Hibernia, in Classe Regi mortuo), mense Feb' 
ruarii 1759, atatis 30. Joannes Lindsay, qui 
patri successit in Whistleberry, obijt 14 Jul. 1809, 
an. set. 74, et hujus uxor, Christian Walker 
decessit 14 Aug. 1830, an. ret. 94. Ambo hie se. 
pulti. Alexander Lindsay, horum filius tenens 
de Whistleberry, obiit 6 Nov. 1831, an. set. 68 
cujus filia natu maxima, Margaret, innupta de- 
cessit 7 Nov. 1831, an. ret. 22. In hoc sepulchro 
una contumulati. 

[Andrew Lindsay, tenant of Whistleberry (son of 
John, and grandson of another John Lindsay, both 
tenants of the said farm), great-grandson of James 



Lindsay, tenant in Brigencl, and great-great-grand- 
son of Roger Lindsay, tenant of Barras, descended 
of the illustrious and ancient family of the Lindsays, 
originally of Glenesque, afterwards of Edzell, from 
whom were descended many noble families, and 
who, with the two last-mentioned, are buried at 
Caterline, erected this to the memory of his said 
father, who died 20 Dec. 1724, aged 57 ; and to his 
mother, Joanna Napier, (buried at Bervy), who 
died 30 November 1743, aged 56. Catherine 
Christy, his wife, died 25 April 1743, aged 3S ; 
and his daughter, Catherine Lindsay, died in 
childhood. The said Andrew Lindsay died 2 July 
1761, aged 57, and is here buried. His surviving 
children were John (who succeeded his father in 
Whisleberry), Hugh (a writer in Aberdeen), Joanna 
(wife of Wm. Cruickshank, citizen of Aberdeen), 
Helen and Ann (still unmarried). James, his eldest 
son (died in the Royal Navy, at Cork in Ireland), 
in the month of Feb. 1759, aged 30. John Lindsay, 
who succeeded his father in Whisleberry, died 14 July 
1809, aged 74 ; and his wife. Christian Walker, 
died 14 Aug. 1830, aged 94 : both are here buried. 
AleXjVNDEr Lindsay, their son, tenant of Whistle- 
berry, died 6 Nov. 1831, aged 68 ; and his eldest 
daughter, Margaret, died unmarried, 7 Nov. 1831, 
aged 22 : they are buried together in this tomb. ] 

— Descendants of the same family still tenant the 
farm of Whistleberry, which belongs, in property, 
to the Trustees of Viscount Keith who became, 
by purchase, about 1805 and 1810 respectively, a 
large heritor in the parish. 

John Davidson, weaver, Crossgates, d. 1779, 
a. 33 :— 

Come see the home for all ordained, 
The quiet rest I have obtained ; 
No sorrows can bedim your eye, 
When in the silent grave you lie. 
Charles Stewart, a native of Galloway, was 
bred a gardener. He lived upwards of 40 years 
in this county, died with a respectable character, 
at KinnefF, 25 Augt. 1766, aged 67 years, and is 
buried here. This inscription by order of his second 
wife, Margaret Clark. 

IsoBELLA Duncan, dr. to Ann Jamie, Johnshaven, 
d. 1820, a. 17yrs.:— 

Ly still, sweet maid, and take your rest, 
God takes them first whom he loves best. 

[On back of same stone] : — 

A Brother lies interred here. 

Two Fathers, and a Mother dear ; 

In love they lived, in peace they died ; 

Their lives were craved, but God denied. 
In memory of the Buriall place of William 
Strachan, son to William Strachan and Isobel 
Moer, who lived a workman in this parish, unmar- 
ried, useful, and respected in the neighbourhood, 
and died lamented at KinnefF, 20 March 1774, 
aged 62. 


I^HE kirk of Katerin, given to the Abbey of 
M> Arbroath, was confirmed to it by Turpiu, 
bishop of Brechin, 1178-98. 

Previously disjoined from Kinneff, Caterline 
was afterwards united to that parish. The church 
was declared vacant in 1099, at the same time as 
that of Kinneff, so that the parishes may then 
have been conjoined. In the following year the 
laird of Caterline applied for, and received from 
the Presbytery, a grant of the vacant stij^end of 
Caterline, for the purpose of " repairing the ruin- 
ous church of that parish." The old kirk stood 
upon the highest point of the graveyard, where a 
slightly ornamented slab bears this incised inscrip- 
tion : — 


1647 . ^TATis . sv^ . 30. 

[The grave of Madeline Livingstone, spouse of 
Pv-obert Douglas of Brigford, who died 13 July 1647, 
aged 30.] 

— Douglasses (of the Glenbervy branch), were 
lairds of Barras ; and Ogilvy, the gallant de- 
fender of Dunottar Castle, as before seen, bought 
Barras from his brother-in-law, who was a 
Douglas. Possibly this inscription refers to the 
wife of a scion of Douglas of Barras. Mary, 



daughter and co-heiress of Robert DougLas of 

Eridgeford, was married in 1740 to John, Viscount 


An adjoining slab bears : — 


Upon an upright stone : — 

Here lies an honest gentleman, Roger Lindsay, 
once in Barras, who died in the year of God 1619, 
aged 61, and his spouse Elizabeth Simpson. 
James Lindsay, his son, in Brigend, died anno 
1601, aged 52 ; and his spouse Margaret Innes, 
and his eldest son James Lindsay, and John Lind- 
say, his brother, who caused this stone to be laid 
on his two wives, Margaret Molison, and Agnes 
Mill, or Milne, 

Jas. Watt, boatmaster, Covelin, d. 1705, a. 23 : — 
A hopefuU youth lies here enshrined. 
Whose life threed's cut by death, confiude 
In Golgotha his corps does rest, 
Of heavenly joys his soul's possest. 

Over the entrance to an enclosure near the 
south-west corner of the burial ground : — • 

To the memory of William Grant of Hillton, 
Esquire, formerly of TuUoch. He died 15 February 
1781, aged 65 years. Vixit ut vivat. 
—The property of Hilton now belongs to the heirs 
of the late Rev. Patrick Steavakt, who was 
minister of Kinneff from 1782 to his death in 1830. 
His mother was a Grant, and he was buried with- 
in the Hilton aisle ; where, with other relatives, 
lie his sons, Allan, who succeeded him in the 
church of Kinneff, and William, who was long 
sheriff-clerk of Kincardineshire. 

The first of these Stewarts is said to have been 
one Duncan Allanach, who came from Strathdon, 
and changed his name to Stewart. He was farmer 
of Norham, in Corse, and acquired the estate of 
Carnaveron, in Alford, about the middle of the 
last century. His son and heir became farmer of 
Mondynes, in Fordoun ; and was father of the 
above-named minister of Kinneff. Peter (as the 
minister was familiarly called), appears to have had 
more than an ordinary share of the force of cha- 
racter, mixed with the severity and harshness of 
manner, which were common in his time, to al- 

most all classes of society. Upon one occasion, 
when a county gentleman, who had been pre- 
viously employed in the Excise, took occasion, at 
a meeting in Stonehaven, to denounce the Com- 
missioners of Supply for having sanctioned the 
making of a road in some part of Kincardineshire, 
he concluded his remarks by saying, that no man 
of common sense would either have proposed or 
sanctioned the making of the road ; to which, it is 
told, Peter replied — " Aye, man ! I believe I had 
a hand in the proposin' o' the road you're speakin' 
o' ; an' I ken 1 sanction'd it ; an' let me just tell 
you this, that I winua ha'e my common sense 
guwfd by you, or ony ane o' your coat !" 

An awmbry, also the fragment of a coffin-slab, 
with incised cross and sword, are built into the 
wall on the left of the gateway. The gateway is 
dated 1817. 

There was a kirk at Kingokny (S. ), 

ruins of which were visible some GO years ago. 
Some say that it was to his paternal estate of 
Kingorny that the father of the celebrated Dr 
Arbuthnott retired, when he was expelled from 
the church of Arbuthnott at the Revolution, 
others say he went to Hallgreeu. 

There were several castles in Kinneff in old 
times. "Whistleberry, of which very little re- 
mains, stood upon a cliff overlooking the sea ; and 
that of f iddes is still roofed, and used as a store- 
house by the farmer. The Knights' Templars 
had an interest in Kinneff, as is still shewn by a 
farm called The Temple. 

An Episcopal church, dedicated to S. Philip, 
was erected in 1848, at a short distance to the 
eastward of Caterline burial ground, also a school 
and schoolhouse. These were raised chiefly through 
the exertions of the late incumbent, the Rev. Mr 
James Stevenson. He was a native of Brechin, 
died in 1868, and is buried in the cemetery which 
adjoins the Episcopal Church. 




(S. ). 

J^fJHE parish of Monwheeter \{&'s, iovmed out of 
^ that of Turriff la 1649, and received its 
name from the farm whereon the church was 
built.— (New Stat. Acct.) 

Mr Adam Hay, a cadet of the Errol family, 
succeeded Mr Barclay, who was possibly the first 
minister of the parish. Mr Hay was inducted to 
the church of Mouquhitter in 1678 ; and his ini- 
tials, M. A. H., and the date of 1684, are upon a 
triangular-shaped stone at the manse. ]\Ir Hay 
presented two communion cups of pure silver to 
the church, which are thus inscribed : — 

The gift of the E^. Mr Adam Hay, late minr. of 
the church of Moutwhitter. Obiit 15 April 1727. 

— Two old pewter cups, marked, " Mqr. 1779," 
belong to the time of Mr Johnston. In 1868, 
additional communion vessels were gifted to the 
church of Mouquhitter, by Messrs George and 
James Hepburn, of Bogside and Swanford. 

A new and spacious parish church was erected 
a few years ago (outside the grave-yard), and the 
previous place of worship, built about 1764, was 
erased. The bell bears : — 

F . KILGOCR . ABERDN . 1689. 

A stone upon the old belfry bore " i. e. e. 
PATRON ;" and two stones, with carvings of the 
Errol arms, are built into the manse garden walls. 
Another slab, built over the vestry door of the 
new church, is thus inscribed : — 

The God of heauen wil prosper ws, therfor we his 
servants wil arise and bwUd. Neh. 2, 20. And 
we wil not forsake the hovse of our God. 10, 39. 

The above, which was preserved within the 
lately erased church, had probably been originally 
upon the one which, as shown by the annexed 
inscription, was erected by William Cuming of 
Auchry. His tomb, which formed part of the 
wall of the old church, is in good preservation, 
and in its original site. It bears the Cumin arms. 

(with a buckle between the garbs) and this in- 
scription : — 

Memorice viri optimi, Gulielmi Coming ab 
Achry et Pittuly, Elgini quondam consulis, qui 
ptochodochium quatuor inopum mereatorum ibi- 
dem mortificavit, ac jjostea templum hoc impensis 
suis hie condidit, ac 29 Octob. A.D. 1707, a?tat. an. 
74, pie obiit, monumentum hoc posuit uxor ejus 
dilectissima, Christiana Gutliry. Observa integ- 
rum, et aspice rectum ; finem illius viri esse pacem. 
Ps. 37, V. 37. Vive memor lethi ; fugit hora. 

[To the memory of an exceUeut man, William 
Coming of Achry and Pittuly, late chief magistrate 
of Elgin, who there founded an almshouse for four 
decayed merchants, and afterwards built this 
church here at his own expense, and died piouslj^ 
29 Oct. 1707, at the age of 74. His beloved wife 
Christian Guthry erected this monument. Mark 
the perfect man, &c. Live mindful of death ; 
time flies. ] 

— This William was the first Cuming of Auchry, 
at least in modern times. He claimed descent 
from the Altyre family (i\ p. 10); and, on selling 
the property of Lochtervandich in Gleuriunes, he 
bought that of Auchry, about 1670. He was 
three times married (according to Douglas) ; and 
his eldest son by Christian Guthry (daughter of 
Sir Henry Guthry of King Edward), succeeded 
to Pittully, and the patronage of the hospital at 
Elgin. The PoU Book does not agree with 
Douglas, so far as relates to the names of Cum- 
ing's sons and the number of his family. Douglas 
mentions only a John by a first marriage, and a 
George by the third ; but the Poll Book (1696) 
shows that, besides two sons, named AVilliam 
and Robert, there were five daughters infamilia, 
also a sister of " his ladyes," at Auchry. The 
property of Auchry was divided and sold about 
1830 by the late Archibald Cuming ; and the 
principal part of it was bought by James Lumsden, 
Esq. Before Auchry was bought by Provost 
Cuming, it belonged to the Urquharts. It was 
anciently a part of the earldom of Buchan, and 
came to the Hays of Errol after the forfeiture of 
the Cumins. 

Upon a table- shaped stone : — 

Sub hoc cippo requiescunt cineres sobrii justique 



viri, Patricii Wilson, quondam apud Moliudiuum 
de Auchry, qui deum pietate, vitam innoceutia, 
amicos officiis, proximos benefactis coluit ; moriens 
domum laclirymis, amicos luctu, proximos dolore 
cumulavit ; liberisque novem una ex uxore relictis, 
plurimum desideratus obiit tertio die Maii 1723, 
atatis sure quarto tertii supra decimum lustri, ac 
monumentum hoc posuit uxor ejus, Isabella Mackie. 
Hodie mihi, eras tibi. 

[Under this stone rest the ashes of a sober and 
upright man, Patrick Wilson, sometime in Mill- 
town of Auchry, who shewed piety towards God, 
innocence in his life, prudence in his family, courtesy 
to his friends, and kindness to his neighbours, and 
whose death overwhelmed his family with affliction, 
his friends with grief, and his neighbours with sor- 
row. He died deeply regretted, leaving behind him 
nine children by one wife, on the 3d day of May 
1723, in the 64:tli year of his age ; and his wife, 
Isabella Mackie, erected this monument. It is my 
turn to-day, it will be thine to-morrow. ] 
— lu 1C96, the above Patrick Wilson was " a 
merchant in Montwhiter," and gave up " his free 
stock to be 500 merks," at which period he had a 
daughter named Elspet, also a male and female 

A grave-stone, got in the foundations of the last 
church, bears this inscription round the margin : — 

Heir lyes George Panton, son to James Panton 
in Midlethird, vho departed this lyfe December 
the 11, 1675. 

— Patrick Panton and his wife Margaret Fordyce, 
■with their two daughters, occupied Middlethird 
in 1G9G ; and of the same date, James Panton, in 
Hairmoss, was clerk and collector to the Poll-tax 

Reader, llet a ston the tell That heir lyes the 
corps of Thomas Tennant, svmtym in Tepercouan 
. . . who departed this life in Ivne 22, anno 1G92. 
Here lyes the body of Isobel, lawfull daughter to 
James Tennant in Middlegullie. She died the . . . 
— Tepercouan, which is probably a corruption of 
Tober- Cowan, may indicate the site of a well and 
old place of worship, dedicated to S. Cowan, or 
Congan. Tepercouan is situated within a mile 
of the village of New Byth, and Middlegullie was 
a place near the Garmond. 

The following is dateless, but about 1780 : — 

To keep in memory the burying place of the 
family of James Faith, part of whom lies under, 
and on each side of this stone : — 

Reader, where I am yow will soon be. Are you 
young, healthy, and prosperous ? So was I ; but 
Death seized me, and I am gone to my place. If I 
have lived in the fear of God, and goodwill to man, 
think of my happyness ; but if I have done evil — 
Upon a table-shaped tombstone :— 

Erected by Francis Garden-Campbell, Esq. of 
Troup and Glenlyon, to the memory of Alexander 
Garden, natural son of Col. Garden of Johnston ; 
and Robert Gordon, son of James Gordon in New- 
bytli. Alexander Garden was drowned in the Ca- 
nals of Auchry, 2 July 1806, by adventuring out of 
his depth : Robert Gordon gallantly strove to save 
his life, and shared the same fate. Reader, take 
warning from the awful fate of these two youths ! 
Shun unavailing danger ; Be ever prepared for 

Near to the above . — 

As a Wife, Ann Towie bewails the death of her 
loving and beloved husband, John Garvock, cut off 
in the prime of life from his infant family ; as a 
Mother, she bewails the death of all her pleasant 
children, cut off in the bloom of youth, when be- 
coming the comfort of her declining years. But 
amidst the ruin of her temporal prospects, she has 
been enabled to resign herself to the will of heaven, 
and to rejoice in hope of tdat happy rest where 
friends united in God shall part no more. John 
Garvock died in 1771, Jean in 1789 ; Ann and 
John Garvock, junior, were buried in the same 
grave, April 25, 1790. 

Wm. Mann, dyer, Walkmill, Auchry, d. 1802, 
a. 92 ; Mary Chasser, his sp. d. 1803, a. 82 : — 

Death is the Land of forgetfulness : persons and 
properties are soon forgot ; but the righteous shall 
be had in everlasting remembrance. 

Wm. Beaton's 7 chil. (MiddlehiU), aUd. 1849 :— 
This little band in beauty bloom'd. 

One earthly home to cheer ; 
Death snatch'd the gems to deck his crown, 
And hid the casket here. 
Alex. Johnston and Barbara Ogston lived in 
conjugal union 63 years, and both died in 1767 ; 



same year died, aged 58, their son William John- 
ston, who was distinguished by industry, integrity, 
and benevolence. His wife, Mary Brown, rests 
in the churchyard of Longside. Their son Alex. 
Johnston, A. M. , who was minister of this parish 
for 54 years, died 1 Feb. 1829, aged 8-1. 
—Mr J. wrote valuable notices of the parish for 
Sir John Sinclair's Stat. Acct. of Scotland, vols. 
vi. p. 121 ; xxi. p. 138. Near the above : — 

Eev. Hugh Gordon was minister of this parish 
from 1829 to 1843, and minister of the Free Church 
of JNIonquhitter from 1843 until his death in June 

— Mr Gordon was a son of the minister of An- 
wotb, and a fellow-student at Edinburgh with 
the celebrated Edward Irving. He was tutor to 
the present Earl of Fife and his brother, by which 
means (the living being in the gift of the Fife 
family), he acquired the parish church of Mon- 
quhitter, which he left at the Disruption. Upon 
a marble slab : — 

Rev. James Smith, A.M., died 20 Feb. 1853, in 
the 53d year of his age and 10th of his ministry. 
Erected by his congregation and friends in the 

—Mr Smith, whose father was gardener at Cair- 
ness, in Lonmay, began life as a teacher at Tyrie ; 
and, prior to becoming minister of Mouquhitter, 
he was rector of Banff Academy. 

The Village of Cianinestoivn, founded in 1763, 
had its name from Joseph Cuming of Auchry. 
It has a considerable population ; and apart from 
the Established Church, it contains an Episcopal 
Church (S. Lukk's), also a Free Church. 

There is little to interest lovers of antiquity in 
Monquhitter, apart from the points mentioned 
in the Statistical Accounts. But some notice of 
the Cons, or Cones of Auchry (anciently Fin- 
tray), may be acceptable to the reader. They 
were a Roman Catholic family ; and the first of 
them, according to tradition, was an operative 
mason, who built the Castles of Dalgety and 
Craigstone. It is further averred that he got the 
lands of Little Auchry from Hay of Ualgety, 
upon which he erected a fort, called Red Castle 

(doubtless so named from the colour of the stone) 
to defend himself from the incursions of hia neigh- 
bour, Mowat of Balquholly. But it is added that 
one day, while looking at Mowat fishing in the 
burn of Idoch, the latter, unperceived, raised his 
gun and shot Con while standing in the door of 
his own castle ! 

It is certain that Cons were designed of Auchry 
before 1539. In the year 1564 the Gordons of 
Sheves and Gycht, along with others, were charged 
with " the hurting and wounding" of " Maister 
William Con of Auchry in diuerse pairtis of his 
body, to the greit effusioune of his blude," also 
with " striking and dinging with brydill" three of 
"his cotteries," &c. William Con, who possibly 
died about 1580, was succeeded in that year by a 
son, Patrick, in the third part of the town and 
lands of Rothibirsbane, in Fyvie. In an action 
which was raised by Forbes of Ludquharn, in 
1596, against certain persons for forcibly entering 
his house and taking away his " haill iusycht 
plenessing and writtis," and fearing, in conse- 
quence of the superior status and influence of his 
opponents, that he might get but scrimp justice, 
Forbes informed the King that the laird of Bal- 
quhain, lieutenant-depute of the north, "is sister 
and brethir bairn" to Patrick Con of Auchry, 
" ane of the cheif committeris of the crymis.'' 
Three years afterwards the same laird of Auchry 
was chancellor of a jury at Edinburgh which con- 
victed a poor Aberdeen woman for being connected 
with a petty theft, for which she was sentenced 
" to be tane to the North Loch of Edinburghe, 
and thair drownit quhill scho be deid" ! 

This laird of Auchry, who served under Lord 
Errol at the battle of Glenlivet, appears to have 
been the father of the learned George Con, or 
CoNAEUs, the Pope's agent at the Court of the 
Queen of Charles I. It is said that but for his 
unexpected death Con would have been made a 
Cardinal. He died 10 Jan. 1640, and was buried 
in the church of San Lorenzo in Damaso, at Rome, 
where an inscription upon his tomb sets forth his 
services to the Church, and his lineage. His 
mother's name is there given as Isabella Cheyne ; 
but upontheunder-meutionedfragment at Auchry, 



the initial is M. Alexander Cox, another mem- 
ber of this family, was a celebrated Jesuit. He 
wrote (1668) against the Rev. Mr Meuzies of 
Aberdeen the famous pamphlet of "Scolding no 
Scholarship," &c. 

The Cons appeir to have been among those 
who suffered after the fall of King Charles I., 
about which time they disappear from the dis- 
trict. One of them went to Paris, where (from 
a letter which he sent to the Earl of Errol in 
1690, begging " the litle anuel rent" to be re- 
mitted to him which was yearly due from his 
lordship's estate) he appears to have been in desti- 
tute circumstances. It is said that descendants 
of Con now hold high positions in Spain. 

No record of the Cons is to be seen in the 
church-yard. Some time-worn carvings at " the 
Castle" are the only existing traces of them. One 
of these may have been a portion of the altar of 
their family chapel. Upon it is a rude, but 
spirited representation of the sacred monogram, 
I.H.S., with some ornamental work — ajjparently 
a dove on the left, and a cock on the right, to- 
gether with the national emblem of the (?) thistle. 
A second stone presents the initials "P. C. 16-1." 
A third, buUt into the gable of the farm-house, 
initialed P. C: M. C. (Patrick Con, and M. 
Cheyue), is adorned with armorial bearings (party 
pale, an engrailed fess between two crescents in 
chief and a buckle in base, for Con ; quarterly, 
first and fourth, three crosses patee fitched, second 
and third, three leaves (?), for Cheyne and Mar- 
shall of Esslemont), and this legend — 



l^HE church of Iniieruryii, a vicarage in the 
«t diocese of Aberdeen, was given by David, 
Earl of Huntingdon, Lord of the Garioch, along 
with other churches in the same district, to his 
monastery of Lindores. 

The old kirk stood in the burial-ground, south- 
east of the town, near to where the Urie joins 
the Don. The walls of the church were demo- 
lished about the beginning of the present centuryi 
and the kirk-yard dykes built with the stones. 

It was in 1775 that the old kirk by the river- 
side became disused as a place of worship. The 
one which was then built at a more suitable spot, 
was taken down, and the present edifice erected 
on same site, about 1841-2. The bell, re-cast in 
1845, bears merely the word, Invekukie. 

There are a number of tombstones in the burial- 
ground. One, " from inside wall of old church," 
exhibits the Innes and Elphinstone arms upon a 
shield, with seated angels for supporters. It lias 
also a monogram, and this inscription : — 

Heir lyis Valter Innes in Artones, vha depairtit 
the 27 day of Ivuii 1016 zeiris ; and Meriokie 
Elphinstovne, his spovs, vha depairtit the 15 day 
of November 1622 zeiris. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Hie mortalitatis posuit exuvias vir pius et probus, 
benignus, modestus, Kevdus. Dom. Guls. Watt, 
qui in ecclesia de Inverurie rerum sacrarum sategit 
ab auuo 1716, ad annum 1755. Theologus insigiiis, 
pastor tidelis et prima^vorum a;mulus, maritus amau- 
tissimus, patei-que decern liberorum indulgentissi- 
mus, quorum octo hie quoque sepeliuntur, quod 
dictis recte docuit, factis exhibuit et exemplo suo 
confirmavit; aunis tandem maturus animam placide 
Deo reddidit. Beati sunt mortui qui in Domino 

[Here lie the mortal remains of a pious, virtuous, 
kind, and humble man, the Rev. Mr William Watt, 
who was minister of the church of Inverurie from 
1716 to 1755. An eminent theologian, a faithful 
pastor, a Christian of the primitive type, a most 
affectionate husband, and a most ioidulgent father 
of ten children, eight of whom are also buried here, 
the sound doctrine which he taught in words he 
exhibited in deeds, and confirmed by example ; at 
length, at a ripe age, he calmly resigned his soul 
to God. Blessed are the dead, &c.] 

Upon a headstone of Peterhead granite, within 
an enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Revd. Robert 
Forbes, during 45 years one of the masters of the 



Grammar School of Aberdeen, who died 13 March 
1842, aged 80. Mary Langlands, his wife, died 
15 March, same year, aged 70. [The deaths of 
two youug sons and a daughter recorded.] The 
only surviving member of the family rears this 
monument in affectionate remembrance of departed 

— The erector of the above, the Rev. Robert 
Forbes of Woodside Church, died 21 Oct. 1859, 
in the 48th year of his age, and 23d of his mi- 
nistry. Jane Harvey, his wife, died 25 Dec. 

1855. Their names and those of some of their 
family are inscribed upon a fiat stone. 

Here lies of Anna Shiels, lawful 

daughter to the deceast William Shiels, chirurgeon, 
who died May the 29, 1733, 

In memory of Joseph McGregor, teacher of 
Port Elphinstone School ; born 1817, died 1861. 
By pupils and friends in testimony of respect. 

William Lundie, watchmaker, and first p<ist- 
master of Inverury, died Dec. 29, ISIG, aged 73. 
Elizabeth Robertson, his wife, died 12 April 

1856, aged 78. 

In memory of John Stephen, sometime portioner 
and baillie of Inverury, and officer of customs at 
Peterhead, where he died 1785. Ann Leith, his 
spouse, died 1797. 

A granite monument, highly honourable to the 
erectors of it, thus commemorates the sudden death, 
and marks the burial place of a stranger : — 

To the memory of William Buchan, commer- 
cial traveller, Leith, who was suddenly taken ill 
whilst attending divine service in St Mary's Chapel, 
Inverurie, on Sunday 2 Oct. 18G4, and died the 
same evening of apoplexy, aged 33 years. This 
stone is erected by a number of his friends and 
fellow travellers, in remembrance of his personal 
worth, and the respect in which he was held by 

Within a railed enclosure : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Anderson, de- 
pute-clerk of Justiciary, who died at Edinburgh, 2 
Jan. 1833, aged 66. By his own unaided merit he 
raised himself to a situation of great trust and re- 
sponsibility, which, for the long period of 45 years 
he filled with the greatest credit, and concluded a 
life spent in the public service, regretted by all who 

knew him. Also Margaret Anderson, his sister, 
who died at Edinburgh, 2 June 1850, aged 80. 
— Mr A .'s father was a merchant in, and chamber- 
lain of, the burgh of Inverurie. He died in 1801, 
aged 8- ; and his wife, Elspet Shand, died in 
180-, aged 71. 

Helen Bruce, d. , a. 28 years : — 

O, painted piece of living clay ; 
Man be not proud of thy short day ; 
For like a lily fresh and green. 
She was cut down, and no more seen. 

Erected in memory of the Rev. William Forbes, 
for many years schoolmaster of Fintray, who was 
born in London in 1793, and died at Aberdeen, 28 
Feb. 1838, aged 45. 

Rev. William Davidson, admitted minister of 
Inverury, 6 Sep. 1769, died 17 January 1799, aged 
69. His wife Jean Bruce, eldest daughter of 
Baillie Robert Bruce of Kintore, died 5 May 1821, 
aged 72. 

Rev. Robert Lessel, minister of this parish, 
died 29 July 1853, aged 96, and in the 53d year of 
his ministry. Mary Morrison, his widow, daugh- 
ter of WiUiam Morrison, farmer, Little C'olp, 


— The death of two daughters are recorded, also 
that of William Morrison, who died in 1842, 
aged 81 ; and Janet, widow of Francis Wilson, 
sister of Mr Lessel, who died in 1833, aged 90, 
Before being minister of Inverurie, Mr Lessel wuh 
schoolmaster at Chapel of Garioch. 

In the foundations of the kirk, four interesting 
fragments of sculptured stones were found, which 
are carefully preserved within the burial-place. 
According to old Annalists, the bones of a Pictish 
king, called Aodh, or Eth, of the Swift Foot, were 
buried " in civitate Inrurin," A.D. 881, where he 
died from wounds received two months previously 
at the battle of Strathallan. But whether any of 
these monuments had marked his grave, or those 
of other chieftains of the period, is uncertain, al- 
though by no means improbable. Contrary to 
the above statement, however, the Pictish 
Chronicle says that Aodh was slain at Nurim in 
Strathallan, instead of " wounded" by Grig or 



Grigory, who was one of the most celebrated of 
the Pictish rulers. Grig is supposed to have 
dwelt for some time among the Picts in the 
Mearns, and to have founded the church of St 
Cyrus, which stood by the sea-shore, (v. p. 35.) 

The carved stones, stone circles, and other 
objects of antiquity which have now and again 
been found in the locality, (described in the 
Sculptured Stone volumes, in the Pi-oceedings of 
the Society of Antiquaries, and in the Statistical 
Accounts, &c.), show Inverurie to be a place of 
high antiquity. 

The well-known mound, called The Bass, near 
the junction of the Urie and the Don, and the 
Coning Hillock near the manse, are apparently 
alluvial deposits, of which there are other, though 
less remarkable examples, in the district. 

It is just possible, although record and tradition 
are alike silent upon the point, that The Bass had 
been at first chosen as a place of abode by some 
devotee, or disciple of S. Apollinaris ; and there 
subsequently, in all probability, stood the fort, 
surrounded by the original town of Inverurie, in 
which King Eth is recorded to have died. The 
Bass is believed to have been also the site of the 
royal castle of Inverurie, of which Norman, son of 
Malcolm, was constable in 1180. This mound 
has been always looked upon as a place of great 
strength ; and, according to local rhyme, it will 
only cease to exist when something like a second 
Deluge takes place : — 

" When Dee and Don shall run in one, 

And Tweed shall run in Tay ; 
The water o' Inverurie 
Will bear the Bass away." 

The town of Inverurie has been long a royal 
burgh ; and a portion of the market cross, built 
into the garden wall of the hotel, is dated 1671. 
S. Pollinar's Fair, held in July, and that of 
Latter Lady Day in Sept., were named, the first 
from the tutelar Saint (whose chapel is said to 
have stood near Manar, of old Badifurrow), and 
the second possibly from an altarage to Our Lady 
which may have been within the old church. 

A writer of 1724 says, that " the town of Inver- 
urie has ane long street, lying from nortii-west to 

south-east along the water of Urie 

[and] no publick buildings save a church and toll- 
booth." Matters are very different now-a-days. 
A handsome town-hall, &c., were erected some 
years ago ; and since the opening of the Great 
North of Scotland Railway several new streets 
have been made out, and a number of neat dwelling 
houses, shops, and bank-offices erected. Besides 
the Established, there are Free, Episcojjal, and 
Methodist Churches in the town : the last named 
is a chaste granite structure, with belfry, &c. 

It was to Aquhorties, in this parish, that, in 
1799, the Roman Catholic seminary was trans- 
ferred from Scalan in Glenlivet ; but in thirty 
years afterwards it was finally removed to Blairs. 
(v. p. 115.) The Roman Catholic place of wor- 
ship at Inverurie (the Church of the Immaculate 
Conception), opened 1852, is a neat building. 

The Don is crossed by a strong stone bridge of 
three arches, built in 1791, at a cost of about 
£2000. Bridges cross the Urie in several parts 
of the parish, all of which are of later erection 
than that over the Don. 



(^ \ ix nu 5" . 


I^HE church of Glampnes was granted by 
Jt> William the Lion to the Abbey of Ar- 
broath. It was a vicarage of St Andrews, and 
dedicated by Bishop David in 1242. It is said 
that S. Fergus, who lived in the 6th century, 
died at Glamis, and was buried there. 

The burial aisle of the Earls of Stratliniore, 
which formed, in old times, the south transept of 
the church, is in the Second Pointed style of 
architecture, with stone roof, groins, and an 
awmbry. The bosses bear the Lyon and Ogilvy 
arms, &c. The floor is covered with stone flags, 
two of which are old tombstones. One of these, 
upon which a chalice and cross may be traced, 
possibly relates to a priest : it bears the words : — 
l)tr . tarrt . tins . bilflms . cl . . . , 



Upon another slab, is the name, &c., of the lady 
of the third Lord of Glamis, who was a daughter 
of the house of Dudhope : — 

eltjab . scvimgcDur aprilis . an 

mP . ccfc . nonages . . . 

— Round the margin of a plain, altar-shaped 
tomb : — 

patrfriis . Igon . qljotia . tiirs . He glami3_. tnilrs . 
qfai . obtjt . iij . li . mrsis . marrij . a~x . tiui . m" . 

crcc . lii^ Ijic . cij . isoMU . ogilbg. sposa . 

ft . q . obijt . xti . "a . lantoarij . ano . tint . m° . ccf c . 
Ixiiiiij . orate . pio . aniab' . cccl . . . 

[Here rest Sir Patrick Lyon, lord of Glamis, 
who died 21 March 1459 ; and Isobella Ogilvy, 
his wife, who died 12 January 1484. Pray for 
their souls now in heaven. ] 

— The last named were the first Lord Glamis 
and his wife, a daughter of Ogilvy of Auchter- 
house. Sir P. was created a peer before 1450, 
and his two eldest sons became resjDectively the 
2d and 3d Lords Glamis. The latter (who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Scrimgeour) succeeded his brother 
about 1487, and founded a chapel at Glamis. He 
also obtained a charter (1491) making the town 
of Glamis a burgh of barony. He died in 1497. 
His eldest son succeeded to Glamis, and three other 
sons fell at Flodden. The first Lyon of Glamis 
was Sir John (son of Lyon of Forgandenny and 
Forteviot), who married Princess Jane (2d daugh- 
ter of Robert II. by Elizabeth Muir), by whom 
he acquired Glamis and other estates. Since then 
the family have been represented in the direct 
male line, and the present Earl is the 13th Lord 
Glamis. The Lyons, who are of French descent, 
came to England with William the Conqueror, 
and to Scotland, about the year 1100. 

An enclosure, on the east side of the Strathmore 
vault, was erected by the late Mr Laing-Meason, 
of Lindertis, where one of his children is buried ; 
but there is no monument. A triangular-shaped 
stone, built into the west dyke of church. yard, 
dated 1672, presents nicely carved armorial bear- 
ings, &c., and the names of Alexr. Nisbet : 
Hellen Wood. 

The date of 1792 is upon the present church, 
which refers to the time of its being built. 

Another date (1603), upon the east gable, is said 
to be part of an old tombstone. The bell bears : — 


A marble tablet within the church records the 
death of 4 sons and 6 daughters of Dr Lyou, 
together with the following notices of himself and 
his wife : — 

To the memory of the Eev. James Lyon, D.D., 
who died 3 April 1838, in the 80th year of his age, 
and 58th of his miuistrj^ in the parish of Glammis. 
Also of Agnes L'Amy, his spouse, who departed 
this life 14 Sep. 1840, aged 78 years. 
— Dr Lyon was come of a race of clergymen, his 
great-grandfather having been minister at Tan- 
nadice, his grandfather at Airlie, and his ov/n 
father at Longforgan. They were remotely con- 
nected with the Strathmore family ; and one of 
the miuisters, whose standard book for texts was 
tlie Psalms, wivs laird of the estate of Ogle. It 
is told that, while remonstrating on one occasion 
with a son for want of economy in his habits, the 
youth silenced the old man by quaintly retorting 
— " There's nae fear o's, father, as lang as the 
hills o' Ogle an' the Psalms o' Dauvid last !" Dr 
Lyon's wife was a sister of the late James L'Amy 
of Duukenny, long sheriff-depute of Forfarshire \ 
and both she and Dr Lyon were buried in the 
churchyard. Near same place, upon a plain head- 
stone, is this inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Principal Play- 
fair's daughter ^Margaret, who departed this life 
Aug. 1810, aged 35 years. 

— Principal Playfair, a native of Bendochy, was 
minister, first of Newtyle, next of Meigle. He 
married a sister of Dr Lyon, in whose house Miss 
P. died. The Principal was the author of several 
chronological and geographical works. He had a 
large family : one of them was Lieut. -Colonel Sir 
Hew-Lyon Playfair, long j^rovost of St Andrews, 
to the improvement of which venerable city he 
contributed so much ; another was George, In- 
spector-General of Hospitals, Bengal, father of 
Lyon Playfair, C.B., &c., M.P. for the Univer- 
sities of Edinburgh and St Andrews. 

Upon a flat tombstone : — 



Heir lyis Patrik Philp, qvha depairtit this lyf 
iu May . . clay, the z. of God 1637, aud of his aige 
62. Chryst boith in lyf and death is my greatest 
advantag. Patrik Philp, hvsband to Isobel 

Possibly the true age, in the following inscrip- 
tion, is 81 ; and the 4 figure at the end of 81 may 
be meant as a substitute for the reversed figure 
in the date : — 

Heir lyis Alexander Cathrov, vha depairtit 
this lyf ill Ivli 24, in anno 16^3, and of his aig 814. 

The following, beautifully carved in raised and 
ornamental letters, is upon a flat stone : — 

Hier lyis Thomas Tailyour, and his \'if Aoxis 
Philp, soratym in Haystovn, with ther children. 
He died the 18 of Feb. 1649, his age 60. She died 
the 26 of Febr, 1663, and of age 57. 

Heir lyis Agnes Volvm, spovs to Williame Lyon, 
in Clippithils, vha depairted 1 of May 1650, her 
age vas 62 yeirs. 
— " Clippithils" is now called Mossend of Glamis. 

Heir lyis Helen and Cathrin Lvke, who de- 
pairted the yeir of God, 1650. 

Her lyes Wiliam Adam, in the Meltown of the 
Glean, who departed from this lif wpon the 28 day 
of Apryl 1684, and his age 57. 
— "The Glean" above referred to, is the Glen of 
Ogilvy. According to Monipennie's Summarie of 
the Scots Chronicle, there was a castle there called 
Glen. During the Civil Wars the property of 
Glen appears to have belonged to a Lady Car- 
negie, to whom General Monck, while employed 
at the seige of the town of Dundee, granted a pro- 
tection in favour of herself, and her tenants, &c. 
I am not aware to what branch of the Carnegies 
this lady belonged. Neither her name nor her 
connection with the Glen, is mentioned in Lord 
Southesk's History of the Carnegies. 'I'he " pro- 
textion" ("preserved in the Museum of Montrose, 
and here printed for the first time), is as fol- 
lows : — 

" ^Miereas the Lady Carniggee of the Glenn, in 
the parish of Glames, desires my protextion for her 
person, Childeren, seruants, horses, Catle, sheepe, 
their wifes Childeren, & seruants, with their horses 

& household goods, together with her tennants 
Catle sheepe & household goods. These are there- 
fore to require all officers & souldiers vuder my 
comand, not to trouble the s^ Lady, her Childeren, 
seruants, horses, Catle, sheepe, & household goods, 
together with her tennants their wiues, Childeren, 
seruants, horses, Catle, sheepe, and household 
goods, but permitt them to follou their Lawfull 
occasions without moUestation, Prouided, that the 
benetitt of this protextion, extend not to any which 
are in Armes, & that the sayd Ladie Carrniggie, 
her childeren, seruants, & tenant act nothing pre- 
judicial!, to the Common Wealth of England. 
Given vnder my hand at the Seag*^ of Dundee, 
the 20th of Aug: 1651. 

" George Monck. 
"To all officers & Souldiers 

whome thse may concerne." 
Near last-quoted inscription : — 

Erected by Patrick MoUison, late miliar in Glen 
of Ogilvie, in memory of Mergaret Fleming, his 
spouse, who died anno 1758, aged 50 : — 
This stone is set to celebrate 

This worthy woman's praise ; 
Whose equal you will harcUy find 

For candour now-a-days. 
She sober, grave, and virtuous was, 

Belov'd by all around ; 
She lived in the fear of God, 
Now is with glory crowu'd. 
The following acrostic, dated 1680, is upon a 
stone to the memory of James Bruce, who had 
been a retainer of the noble family of Glamis : — 
I am nou interd beneath this ston. 
Ah Death's propitious to non ; 
My name was James, my surname Brvce, 
Exasperat against each abuse ; 
Sure sanctity my life decord. 
Bent to obey my Noble Lord. 
Rest, O my soul, in sacred peace, 
W . . . as from sin I find releace. 

C read and prais, 

Each providential act thou seas. 

Heir lyes Ianet Langlands, spous to John Blair 
in ... . who .... the ... of Ivlie '91, and 
her age 77. Heir lyes Iohn Blair, weaver in Blak- 
hill, who departed the 9 of October '93, and his 
age 75. — 1 was alyve, bvt now am dead, &c. 



Heir lyis Alexander Thornton and Helen 
Balbirny, his spovs. They depairted 1652, he in 
lanvar 22, his age vas 60 ; she in Decemb. and vas 
70 yeirs. 

Heir lyes Iohn Blear in the Thorntoun, and his 
spous Agnes Mvrr . . He departed this lyfe 
wpon the 22 day of Nouember 1687, and of his age 
63 ; and she departed this lyfe vpon the 12 day of 
Nouember 1689, and her age 52, 

Heir lyes Margarit Wilkie, spouse to Andreu 
Fairueather at the Barnss of Glamiss, who died 
vpon the 2 of May 1688, and her age 23 years . . . 

Return to thy rest, my Soul, &c. 
— The Barns of Glamis stood within the Castle 
Park. The next epitaph is upon a flat stone : — 
Dear pilgrims, read this elegy, 
And spritualiz mortality ; 
Vice I decliu'd, my lyfe was just, 
In tillage I betrayed not trust. 
David by name, surnamed Kid ; 
Kind to the poor, now dignified 
In blissed state, triumphant hy. 
Death's sting pluckt out, sin's sourse is dry. 
Eternal praise to Christ my king. 
Lord of all lords, who makes me sing, 
Delytfull songs with angels bright. 
Enjoying day that's voyd of night ; 
Read gravely, pilgrim, mind thy doome — 
God raps me up from ill to come. 
D. K. [David Kid] E. G. [Elder, Glamis]. 

Wm. Cruickshank, tailor, d. 1731, a. 61 : — 
Rare William, who will not thy name 

And memory stiU love ; 
Since you the Trade did all around. 

So wond'rously improve. 
Our Tradesmen justly did to thee 

Pre-eminence allow, 
Being taught the rudiments of Art, 

Or else refin'd by you. 
That skill of yours did on them all 

An ornament reflect ; 
And as you liv'd so did you die, 
In honour and respect. 
John Budworth, d. 1718, a. 39 : — 

Here lyes John Budworth, English born, 
Whose life these virtues did adorn — 
He was both curteous, kynd and just, 
A friend whom on might firmly trust ; 

With other gifts both rare and fyne, 
Tho' lodged but in a crazy shrine, 
Death smot the pott, thus sadly rent 
And here to ly, the shells has sent. 
Upon a head stone, embellished with " the 
hammer and the 7-oyal crown" &c. : — 
0, dear John Dalgety ! who can 

Thy praises all express ? 
A most expert artificer 
In iron and in brass. 
Discreet was't thou to ev'ry one. 

Obliging, just, and kind ; 
And still [thy] tongue ingenuous spoke 

The language of thy mind. 
Such was thy life, that now we hop 

Thy soul above doth shine ; 
For thy skill, we dedicate, 
This Crown as justly thine. 
January 28, 1728 : Erected by Agnes Hood in 
memory of her husband, John Dalgety, hammer- 
man, Glamis, who died 1727, aged 41. 

A table-shaped stone (of 17th century), is simi- 
larly embellished as the above ; but as the datts, 
&c., have never been cut upon it, the stone had 
possibly been erected in the lifetime of the 
parties named : — 

Hier lyes William Lov, sometymes hamer man 
and indveller in Glamis, vho depairted this life 
the — of — his age — years ; also heir lays 
Cristian Bvrn, his spovs, a good and vertvos, 
frvitfvl vif, vho died the — of — of age — years. 

Andrew Steven's wife (1741) :— 

Lo, here lies one who never did 

An injury to man ; 
Of whom we cannot say enough, 

Let us say what we can : — 
Her actions all were genuine. 

Her words without disguise ; 
Kind was her heart, her generous hands 

Could not the poor despise. 
She liv'd at home, and walk'd abroad, 

Still like a harmless dove, 

TiU death 

Jas. Rhynd, a. 1 y. 5 mo., d. 1734 : — 

Here lies a sweet and loving child, 

Ah, cover'd o'er with mud ; 
Resembling well the lillie fair, 

Crept in the very bud. 



But blessed is that happy babe, 

That doth thus early die ; 
Not pleas'd to dwell with sinners here, 

But with the saints on high. 
This charming child but just did peep 

Into this world, and then, 
Not liking it, he fell asleep, 
And hasten'd out again. 
Agnes Lo\v, wf. of Jas. Badenach, d. 1755, a. 58: — 
Good, sober, pious, frugal, chaste. 
She wade through trouble, till at last. 
The ghastly tyrant struck the blow. 
And laid her bones this stoue below. 
Helen Gwthrie, spouse to And. Fyfe, brewer, 
Glamis, d. April 3, 17 — , a. 55 : — 
Below this monument, a jewel 

Of womankind doth ly ; 
Who night and day was exercis'd 

In acts of piety. 
No neighbour, mother, nor a spouse. 

More worthy was : Her aim 
Was to speak truth, and that her word 

Should always be the same. 
She long'd to leave this sinful earth. 

And this poor frail abode ; 
Her home was heaven, where now she sings 
The praises of her God. 
Upon a lying stone : — 

Erected to perpetuate the memory of James 
Chalmers, musician to the noble family of Strath- 
more, who dyed March 3, 1770 : — 

When minstrels from each place around, 

To meetings did repair ; 
This man w^as stUl distinguished 

By a refined air. 
His powerful and his charming notes 

So sweetly did constrain. 
That to resist, and not to dance 

Was labour all in vain. 
He played with such dexterity, 

By all it is confest. 
That in this grave interred is 
Of Violists the best. 
Here lyes aue vertuous woman called Ianet 
Smith, spouse to lohne Watt in Dunkennie, who 
depairted this life upon the 18 day of May 1777, 
and of hir age 73. 

A box -shaped stone bears : — 

James Horn, Bridge End, Glamis, d. 1773, a. 57; 
and his wife Katherine Shepherd, d. 1793, a. 86; 
both "were distinguished in their time for being 
very liberal to the poor." 

Upon a slab of "white marble, inserted into the 
outer and west side of the Glamis family aisle : — 

Sacred to the memory of Esther Hamilton, wife 
of Patrick Proctor, factor for the Earl of Strath- 
more, who died 28 June 1802, aged 54 years. 

An adjoining slab of granite, tastefully set in 
sandstone, bears : — 

Erected by Esther Proctor Alexander, in memoi'y 
of her father Patrick Proctor, who died here in 
July 1819, aged 75 years, during 50 of which he 
was Factor on the Glamis Estate. And of her 
brothers, John, farmer. Mains of Glamis ; Egbert, 
W.S. Edinburgh ; George, Bengal Medical Staff ; 
Thomas, Bombay Army ; William-David, who 
died here, 3d December 1860, aged 74 years, during 
40 of which he also was Factor on the Glamis 
Estate. David, H.E.I.C. Home Service ; Patrick, 
Royal Navy ; and of her sister, Jane, who died at 
St Andi-ews, 18th April 1805. 
— The erector of the above tombstone was wife of 
the late Dr Andrew Alexander, professor of Greek 
at St Andrews. It will be seen that her father 
(who came from Morayshire, and was a son of the 
sheriff-substitute of that county), and her brother 
held the factorship of the Glamis estates for the 
long period of 90 years. Another tablet bears 
the names of Christopher Proctor, and his 
wife Annabella Newall, who died respectively 
in 1850, and 1847. 

Upon an adjoining granite headstone : — 

Sacred to the memory of W^illiam Henderson, 
Esq., late of Rochelhill, who died 2 Sept. 18G0, 
aged 44. This stone has been erected as a tribute 
of respect by his relict Helen Chrystal Henderson. 
— The property of Rochelhill (which was long a 
separate estate), was bought by the late Earl of 
Strathmore, and now forms part of the fine pro- 
perty of Glamis. 

The oldest existing remains of " our ancient 
forefathers" at Glamis are, probably, the sculp- 
tured stoue monument of St Orlaud, at Cossius, 



the so-called King Malcolm's gravestone at the 
Manse door, and the still more remarkable ex- 
ample of the same interesting class of antiquities 
which stands in the wood on the Hunters' Hill, 
near the Plans of Thornton. These have all been 
engraved and their peculiarities described in the 
work referred to at p. 43. 

The Nine Maiden Well was near the old dove- 
cot within the castle park of Glamis, where, pro- 
bably, stood a chapel which was inscribed to these 
holy sisters, who are said to have had their resi- 
dence in the Gleu of Ogilvy. According to Boece, 
the Glen of Ogilvy was also the place where King 
William the Lion's life was saved by his brother- 
in-law Gilchrist, after he had been stript of his 
dignity as Eatl of Angus, in consequence of 
having murdered his wife for conjugal infidehty ! 
It is further said that the Glen of Ogilvy belonged 
to the Celtic Earls of Angus, also that the sur- 
name of Ogilvy (? Ogail-buicie, yellow (haired) 
youth), was assumed from that district. 

The history of the Castle of Glamis, which is 
one of the best examples of the Scotch baronial 
style of architecture in the kingdom, is so well 
known that it need not be dwelt upon (y. Glamis: 
its History and Antiquities). It may, however, 
be briefly stated that Glamis Castle was a seat of 
Alex. III. ; that in 1304, Edward I. gave " les 
Chasteux de Glames et de Morthelagh" (Murt- 
hil) to Cumin, Earl of Buchau ; that the thane- 
doin of Glamis was at one time given to Sir John 
of Logic, and that subsequently it was granted by 
Robt. II. to Sir John Lyon and his lady. Princess 
Jane. James V. resided at Glamis for sometime 
during the forfeiture of the estates ; but the castle 
of bis time was mostly erased by 9th Lord Glamis, 
who built the older part of the present house, which 
may be said to have been completed by his grand- 
son. Earl John, about 1G21. Since then, how- 
ever, many alterations have been made upon it, 
the latest by the last and present Earls of Strath- 
more, the latter of whom has made out flower and 
kitchen gardens of great extent and beauty. 

The family chapel within the castle was fitted 
up about 1688, and was one of the last conse- 
crated for divine service before the disestablish- 

ment of Episcopacy. It is a peculiarly quaint 
and interesting place, adorned with curious paint- 
ings by De Witt. Long disused, it was restored 
and re-opened for occasional service by the present 
Earl of Strathmore ; and on 21st Sept. 1869, the 
first confirmation was held in it by the Right Rev. 
the Bishop of Brechin which has taken place for 
at least 150 years. 

It was the founder of this chapel who improved 
Glamis Castle so much ; also Castle Huntly, 
in the Carse of Gowrie, to which he gave the name 
of Castle Lyon. He took an active part in the 
Civil Wars ; and, in 1677, was created Earl of 
Strathmore. A few years after the latter event 
he went to France for some mouths, during 
which he had a particular account of his expen- 
diture kept, a few items of which (here printed 
from the originals in the archives at Glamis) may 
be read with interest, as showing the cost of cer- 
tain articles in Paris nearly 200 years ago, as well 
as the economy exercised by the nobility of those 
days, with whom, it would appear, the " translat- 
ing" of their " cloaths" from one fashion to an- 
other, was not considered so much infra cliff, as it 
might be by some now-a-days : — 

Aug. 2, 1683 : Given to my Lord goeing to see 
the fireworks, on Lue-dore and a croun, whei'eof 
there was a great jiart given for a window to see 

them, 14 

ffor a flamboe to light him home to the 

Academic, halfe a croune, 1 10 

ffor a pond of candle, ... ... ... 07 

Aug. 15 : ffor a par of shoes to my Lord, 3 10 
, , 18 : Payed for four dyets in a Scotts- 
man's house, where my Lord useth 
to din sovmtims on fish days, ... 4 
, , 19 : ffor two f raish eggs to my Lord's 

breakfast, 4 

Nov. 27 : Translating my Lord's cloaths as 
near to the fashione as he could, and 
a suit of Liverie to the Freushman, 
204 livers, 7 

Cossins, from which place a family took theii; 
surname, and was designed •' of that ilk," is 
about a mile north-east from the Castle of Glamis. 
It belonged in property to a branch of the Lyons, 

A A 



the first of whom was 2d son of the fifth Lord 
Glamis. A stone panel, over the front door of 
the present farm-house at Cossius is dated 1627. 
It also bears the names of Mr John Lyon and 
Mrs Jean Young, with the armorial bearings of 
both families, and the following inscription : — 

Protegendam prffisidio Dei tradas salvtem, rem, 
sobolem, domvm, nee aides vis propius tvas avt 
damna tangent ; Devs angelos cvstvdiaj prreficit. 

[Commit to the protection of God thy safety, thy 
substance, thy family, and thy house, and neither 
violence nor mischief shall come near thy dwelling, 
for God sets angels to guard it.] 


THE kirk of Loghel, or LocMld, was given to 
the Culdees of Monymusk, by Gilchrist, Earl 
of Mar, 1165-70, along with the tithes and half- 
davach of land upon which the church stood. 
Colin Durward granted additional privileges out 
of this district to the same convent about 1210, 
which were confirmed ten years later by Philip of 
Mon-Fitchet, or Muschet, and his wife Anna, 
daughter and heiress of Colin Durward. 

The parishes of Leochel and Cushnie were 
united in 1796. The ruins of both churches are 
within their respective church-yards. Those of 
Leochel consist of little more than the west gable, 
with the belfry. 

The Forbeses of Craigievar have a burial aisle 
at Leochel. Although there is no inscription, it 
appears that (New Stat. Acct., p. 1116-18), John 
Forbes, commissary, and son of the Bishop of 
Caithness, was buried here in 1668, " at night, 
with torches, in the Laird of Craigievar his yle 
and burial-place ;" where also, in 1671, Mr John 
Young, minister of Birse and Keig, was buried. 
Previously, in 1618, Dr John Forbes, professor 
of divinity in King's College, Aberdeen, who died 
at Corse in 1618, second son of Bishop Patrick 
Forbes, was interred at Leochel. 

A plain slab, broken in two, bears this epi- 
taph :— 

Here lyes Peter Milner, a sober man, 

Who neither used to curse nor ban ; 

Elizabeth Smith, she was his wife, 

He had no other all his life. 

He died in July 1784, 

Agod 77, or little more. 

And she in July 1779, 

Years 55, was her lifetime. 

With Robert and Jean, their children dear, 

Elizabeth Milner, and Jannet Eraser. 

Their grand- children. 

In Rumlie they lived just neir by 

And in this place their dust doth ly. 
Upon a head-stone : — 

In memory of Joseph Robertson, late merchant 
m Aberdeen, who departed this life 18th Feb. 1817, 
aged 42 years; and of Christian Leslie, his spouse, 
who died 11th March 1859, aged 83 years. 
— Mr and Mrs Robertson were married in London, 
and had a son and a daughter. The latter is 
the wife of Mr M'Combie of the Aberdeen Free 
P/-<;v«,andthe former was thelate Joseph Robert- 
son, who was curator from 1853, of the Histori- 
cal Department of H.]\L Register House, Edin- 
burgh. He died 13th December 18G6, aged 56, 
leaving a widow and four children. Before this 
melancholy event, Sir Wm. Gibson-Craig, Lord 
Clerk- Register, having occasion to refer to Mr 
Robertson in his official capacity to the Committee 
on the AVrits Registration Bill, described him 
"as the most learned antiquarian in Scotland, 
as a man in the highest reputation at the British 
Museum and the Record Office, well known to all 
the scholars of England, and highly esteemed by 
scholars on the Continent." Professor Cosmo 
Innes spoke in equally high terms of Mr Robertson 
in April 1864, when the University of Edinburgh 
conferred the honorary degree of LL.D. iqjon him. 
Dr Robertson, who was born at Aberdeen, and 
educated first at Udny, then at Marischal College, 
was an early contributor to the local press, and 
became editor of several newspapers, among which 
were the Aberdeen, and the Glasgow Constitutional, 
and finally, the Edinburgh Courant. He and Dr 
John Stuart were the founders, as well as " the 



spirits" of the Spalding Club, which, after an 
existence of thirty years, and the publication of a 
most valuable collection of works upon the His- 
tory and Topography of the North-East of Scot- 
land, was brought to a close in Dec. 1869. 

Dr Robertson edited many of these works, in 
particular the Antiquities of the Shires of Aber- 
deen and Banff. This work (which is the mine 
from which all future writers on these districts 
must dig, and to which the compiler of these notes 
has been very largely indebted), along with In- 
ventories of the Jewels and Personal Property of 
Mary Queen of Scots, and the Statuta Ecclesise 
Scoticanse, are probably Dr Robertson's chief 
productions. But, as the exclusive circumstances 
under which these books were printed prevent 
their being easily got at, it is through the Pre- 
faces of the works of others that Dr Robertson's 
name will be best known to the general public, 
since but few antiquarian or historical works were 
brought out in this country during the last twenty 
years of Dr Robertson's life, without tlie treasures 
of his mind having been more or less drawn upon 
by the authors. His liberality in communicating 
information to others was equalled only by the 
extent of his own erudition ; while his goodness 
of heart, and fund of humour and anecdote, were 
best known to his more intimate friends, all of 
whom felt, when death closed his busy and useful 
life, that they would "never see his like again." 
His remains lie in the Dean Cemetery, Edin- 
burgh, where a memorial cross, designed by Mr 
Drummond, R.S.A., bears this inscription : — 

Erected hy Members of the Spalding Club. 
Joseph Robertson-, LL.D., F.S.A., 
Curator of National Historical Documents, Register 
House, Edinburgh. Died 1866, aged 56. 
The next four inscriptions are from monu- 
ments also in the old churchyard of Leochel : — 

In memory of the Rev. James Kellie, sometime 
minister of Leochel and Cushnie, who died 12 
Deer. 1804. This stone is placed by his brother 
Alexr. Kellie. "Remember them who had the 
rule over you," &c. 
— I\Ir Kelly, who was a native of Morayshire, was 

missionary at Portsoy before he went to Leochel- 
Cushuie. His successor (to whom the next in- 
scription refers), belonged to Logie-Coldstone : — 

In memory of the Reverend George Andersox, 
late minister of the united Parishes of Leochel and 
Cushnie, who died the 22d December 1820, in the 
54th year of his age and 15th of his ministry. Also 
of Margaret Cattanach, his spouse, who died at 
Aberdeen, 23d April 1847, in the 79 year of her 
age, and of two of their children who died in in- 
fancy. This tablet, in grateful affection, is erected 
by the surviving membefs of their family. 

— Mr Anderson was at one time schoolmaster at 
Tarland, and while there in 1799 (Scott's Fasti), 
he expressed his sorrow to, and was rebuked by 
the Presbytery of Kincardine O'Neil, for drinking 
and fighting in a public-house. 


Underneath this stone doth ly 

The bones and dust of Margaret Jaffrie, 

Lawfull spouse to Andrew Law, 

And daughter to Alexander Jaffrie, 

Gardener at Corse, 
And to his spouse Elizabeth Smith, 
Who died Oct. 2-, 1760, aged 35 years. 

In memory of Jean Wallace, and of her hus- 
band George Bain, " who died 13th June 1838, 
aged 65, and was buried by her left hand." 


THE kirk of Cussemj, in the diocese of Aber- 
deen, had possibly been bestowed upon the 
Cathedral of Old Machar, by the Earls of Mar, 
who were the ancient lords of the district. 

The church, which was covered with heather 
until about 1792, is a roofless and picturesque 
ruin, upon the north bank of the burn, and within 
the Glen, of Cushnie. The date of 1637 is upon 
a skewput stone ; and the bell, which is still in 



the belfry, belongs to the time of Mr Patrick 
Copland or Kopland, who became minister of 
Cushnie in 1672, and died there in 1710. It is 
initialed and dated— P. K. 1686. 

There are three niches in the east wall of the 
church, and it is said that in these were placed 
the armorial bearings of the three principal 
heritors of the parish. One of the slabs only 
remains. It lies within the church, and exhibits 
a rude carving of the Lumsden arms, with the 
date of 1637, as upon the skewput of the kirk. 

The church is about 14 by 63 feet within walls, 
and has two arched doorways on the south. The 
first'three inscriptions are from tablets built into 
the outer and front wall : — 

Here lyes within this wall the precious dust of 
the Rev. and excellent Mr William Bidie, minr. 
of the Gospel at Cushney, who depar. this life 
Feb. 2d, 1730, aged 38 years :— 

Wei skilled iu y^ Redemption Scheme, 
Immanuel was his darling theme ; 
Meek, wise, & harmless, full of zeal. 
His life the Truths he preached did seal. 
Mors jauua vita;. May M'Kean. 
— The initials of Mr and Mrs Bidie are thus in- 
scribed upon a stone over the door of the old 
manse : — 

M. W. B : M. MK. 1727. 

The old manse, which is occupied by the farmer 
of Kirkton, appears, from a date upon the skew- 
put stone, to have been repaired in 1763. 

Within behind this ston lyes Thomas Lumsden 
of Lyn, who departed this life June the 19, 1726, 
and of age 82 years ; & also his spouse Margory 
Forbes, who departed this life May 1, 1716, & of 
age 63 years ; & Wm. Lumsden their 4 son, who de- 
parted this life April 28, 1716, and of his age 28 
years ; & 3 of their grand children Alexr. Helien, 
and Helien Lumsdens. 

A. L.— I. L.— R. L.— T. L.— C. L. 1724. 
Mors jauua vitaj. 

— " Lyn," mentioned in the above inscription, 
■was part of the Cairndye property, in the now 
suppressed parish of Kinerny. 

Within this wall were buried the ashes of Robert 
Lumsden of Corrachrie, who was married to Agnes 

Forbes, daughter to George Forbes of SkeUitur, 
He dyed April the 20, 1710. This stone was 
erected opposite to his grave by his eldist soa 
lames. Solum salus per Christum. 

—James Lumsden of Corrachree (sou of the 
above-named Robert) was minister of Towie {sup.^ 
p. 229), and was succeeded in Corrachree by his 
son. The latter wrote some clever satires, the 
best known of which is entitled " The Humours 
of the Forest, a comedy," in which an old Deeside 
minister is burlesqued under the name of Grumble. 
It appears that Grumble courted the daughter of 
a poor clergyman while he was schoolmaster of 
her father's parish ; but after he got the Hving 
of " the See in the Forest," as it is called, 
Grumble g£i\e his "poor love "the go-bye, and 
married the daughter of another minister, who 
was in affluent circumstances. Corrachree, which 
is prettily situated in Cromar, near Tarland, was 
bought by the late Lieut.-Col. Farquharson, of 
the TuUochcoy race {infra, p. 215), who changed 
the name to Locjiemar. The remains of a sculp- 
tured stone, lately discovered by the Rev. Mr 
Michie and Dr Arthur Mitchell, stand iu a field 
near the house of Corrachree. 

The next inscription is upon the west splay of 
the east, and only remaining, window of the old 
kirk : — 

Befor this ston lyes Alexander Lumsden, laird 
of Cushnie, who departed this life May the 1, 1714, 
and of age 70 years ; & also his spous Eilizabath 
Leith, & David Lumsden of Cushnie, who de- 
parted this hfe Desr. the 23, 1718, and of age each 
39 years ; & also Ludovick Lumsden. 

Hoc, lector, tumulo tres contumulantur in uno 
Cognati, Mater, Filius, atque Pater. 
Mors jauua vitte. 
[Here, reader, three relations in one tomb, 
The Father, Mother, Son, await their doom. 
Death is the gate of life.] 

— The arms of the above-named laird and lady of 
Cushnie, dated 1707, are carved over the front 
door of the old house of Cushnie, also over the 
door of the adjoining meal-mill. The same laird 
gifted two communion cups to the kirk, which are 
thus inscribed : — 



OF . CUSHNEY . USE . l'7'0-9. 

— While speaking of communion cups, it may be 
added that other two, of silver, were given to 
Leochel by John Robertson, laird of Wester 
Fowlis, upon which are the words : — 


—Thomas Lumsden, who came from Fifeshire in 
the time of David 11., and had charters of Madler,in 
Kincardine O'Neil, from the Earl of Buchan, was 
the first of his race in Aberdeenshire. Lumsdens 
afterwards acquired (1472) the lands of Balna- 
kelly, in Cushnie, from the Earl of Rothes ; but 
they were not designed "de Cusclmy " until 
about 1579-80. Since that time the property of 
Cushnie has continued in the family. The old 
mansion-house, which stands in a hollow on the 
north side of the burn of Cushnie, was lately re- 
edified, and about the same time, a new mansion- 
house was built upon a rising ground, a little to 
the north-west. 

The next inscription, from the east splay of the 
same window, relates to another member of the 
Cushnie family, who died tenant of Titaboutie : — 

W. L. J. G.— Here lyes befor this ston Will. 
Lumsden in Titaboutie, who depr. this life Novm. 
26, 1722, and of age 63 years, and his laufvl son 
John Lumsden. A. L : J. S. 1724. Memento mori. 

From a table-shaped stone within the area of 
the old kirk : — 

In memory of the Kev. Francis Adam, who in 
a very exemplary manner, for nearly 50 years, dis- 
charged the duties of the pastoral office in this 
parish, much esteemed by all who knew him. He 
departed this life 15th March 1795, aged 90. On 
his right side lies his spouse Mrs Jean Thain, and 
on his left side, his eldest son, Mr John Adam. 

The New Church of Leocoel-Cushnie is 
situated upon an eminence, about midway be- 
tween the old churches of Leochel and Cushnie. 
It was erected about 1797-8, soon after the union 
of the parishes, and is surrounded by a burial- 
ground, in which there are several monuments. 
Two of the monuments are inscribed as below : — 

In memory of the Revd. William Malcolm, 
minister of Leochel-Cushnie, who died 24th August 
1838, in the 47th year of his age, and 17th year of 
his ministry. This monument was erected by his 
parishioners in token of their high esteem for his 
zealous and unwearied labours among them. 

Mr Malcolm was previously schoolmaster at 

Cushnie. His successor, Dv Taylor, to whose 
memory the parishioners have erected a marble 
tablet within the church, was a native of Ban- 
chory-Ternan. He was sometime Librarian and 
Murray Lecturer at King's College, Aberdeen, 
and had a great taste for antiquarian and philo- 
logical studies. He wrote the iSTew Statistical 
Account of Leochel-Cushnie, which contains an 
exhaustive notice of the history of the district, 
ancient and modern. The following is from a 
granite slab in the church-yard : — 

la memory of Jessie M'Combie, wife of the 
Revd. Alexander Taylor, minister of Leochel- 
Cushnie, who died 10th September 1852, in the 
24th year of her age. And of the said Revd. Alex- 
ander Taylor, D.D., who died 25th March 1872, 
in the 66th year of his age, and the 34th of his 

The Castle of Craigievar (which is still inha- 
bited), was begun by the Mortimers of Fowlis, 
and finished by an ancestor of the present pro- 
prietor, Sir William Forbes, Bart. It is the most 
interesting object of antiquity in the district. 
Besides its architectural features, which are ad- 
mirably represented in Billings' Eccl. and Baro- 
nial Antiquities, it presents these inscriptions : — 


— [Christ is my light]— is over the principal 
window of the great hall. The date of 1626, and 
the next two inscriptions, are upon different^ parts 
of the castle : — 


[God is my pillar. After darkness I hope for light.] 
A shield upon the staircase, charged with the 



Forbes arms, initialed, and dated, I. F., 1G88, 
is encircled by this quaint admonition : — 


The ruins of the Castle of Corse, upon which 
are the initials, AV. F., E. S,, and the date of 
1581, are situated, quoad clviUa, within the 
parish of Coull, as is also the mansion-house of 
Corse. The latter was built by James O. Forbes, 
Esq., younger brother of Sir William Forbes of 

The old mansion-house of the Gordons of Hall- 
head, and that of tbe Lumsdens of Cushnie, 
respectively dated 16C8 and 1707, are still objects 
of some interest. The castle of the Strachans of 
Lynturk is now represented by a plain building, 
and the property belongs to Wm. M'Combie, Esq. 
of Easter Skene. 

Bride's Well, the Bowbutts, and the Caterau's 
Grave, are also places of local note. The first 
preserves the name of S. Bridget, patroness of 
the parish, the next is said to indicate the spot 
•where archery was practised in old times, and the 
third is known as the last resting place of a riever 
who lost his life while attempting to carry away 
cattle from the Glen of Cushnie. 

Cushnie is one of the most elevated parts in 
Aberdeenshire. It has been long proverbial for 
the severity of its climate and the badness of its 
roads. The former of these characteristics, along 
■with certain features of other two districts, have 
been preserved in these words : — 
" Cushnie for cauld, 
Culblene for heat, 
Clashaureach for heather." 

The following lines were; and probably still 
are, descriptive of the agricultural capabilities of 
the places named. The first two lie in Corse, the 
third in Coull, and the fourth in Tar land : — 
" Tillyorn grows the corn, 

And Wester Corse the straw ; 

And Tillylodge the blawarts blue, 

And Caldhame naething ava." 

rjfJUE church of Li/ was gifted to the Abbey of 
c3L Scone, by Alexander I., who is said to have 
had a residence at Plurley Hawkin, to the west of 
the burial ground. 

The remains of an octagonial-shaped font, of a 
late type, and the upper stone of a quern, lie in 
the church-yard. The Mary Well is about a 
quarter of a mile to the north of the church. 

The present church at Liff, which was built ia 
1838, is the church of the united parishes of Liff, 
Invergowrie, Logie- Dundee, and Benvie. The 
two first- named churches are each rated, in the 
Old Taxation, at 8, the third at 12, and the 
fourth at 10 marks. 

The church bell is inscribed : — 


Upon a hand-bell at the parish school : — 





A marble tablet, in the lobby of the church, 
bears this inscription : — 

This tablet is erected to the memory of Major 
Alexander Watt, K.H., late of the 27th Regt. 
Bengal Native lufanti-y, who died at Edinburgh, 
IStii April 1851, in the 46th year of his age. By his 
Brother Officers as a humble token of their respect 
for bis worth, and the many amiable qualities by 
which he was distinguished during a lengthened 
career in India. 

— The deaths of Major and Mrs Watt, two sons, 
and a daughter, are also recorded upon a marble 
monument in the church-yard of Liff. Mrs Watt 
died at Landaue, in the Himalaya Mountains, ia 
August 1842. 

An adjoining tablet, bears an inscription, here 
abridged : — 

Katherine Webster, spouse to Isaac Watt, 
Esq. of Logie, died 2d March 1809, aged 31. Isaac 
Watt, Esq. of Logie, died 11th July 1823, aged 51. 



Margaret Webster, daughter of Robert Webster 
late of Cransley, died 18 Nov. 1832, aged 58. The 
following family of Isaac Watt, Esq. : Katherine, 
died 1821, aged 15 years ; Robert, died at Dundee, 
14 Dec. 1840 ; Margaret, wife of Alfred Begbie, 
Esq., Bengal Civil Service, died in India, Dec. 
1842 ; James, died in India, 18 July 1848, and bis 
wife and two children were lost in the ship 
" Gentoo," in 1846, off the Cape of Good Hope. 

— Isaac Watt, who was a thread maker, and dyer 
or litster, in Dundee, sold Logie to Major Fyfe of 
Smithfield. The property was afterwards bought 
by the late Jas. Watt of Denmill in Fife, by whose 
heirs it was sold in 1870. 

An adjoining enclosure contains five tablets, 
from which the following inscriptions are ab- 
ridged : — 

Robert Webster, late tacksman at Cransley, 
died 23 Dec. 1811, aged 76. 

James Webster, Esq. of Balruddery, died 17 
May 1827, aged 62. Agnes Hunter, his relict, 
died at Corriedale, Strathblane, 20 January 1863, 
aged 77. 

Patrick, their 5th son, died 29 Aug. 1827, aged 
12 years ; Thomas, the 4th son, died at Arthur, 
Canada West, 2d Oct. 1857, aged 44. 

Agnes, their youngest daughter, died 13 Oct. 
1830, aged 20. 

Charles, their 3d son, government agent, died 
near Trincomalee, 4 April 1845, aged 34. 

— The above James Webster, who was a son of 
the tacksman of Cransley, bought the estate of 
Balruddery in 1806, from Mr Baillie of Dochfour. 
His wife was a daughter of Hunter of Seaside 
and Glencarse, in Gowrie, and their son Robert 
Webster sold Balruddery in 1849, to the late 
David Edward, a flax merchant in Dundee. 

A monument of light sandstone, on the west 
side of the kirkyard, was inaugurated with ma- 
sonic honours. An inserted marble slab bears :— 

To the memory of James Jack, surveyor of taxes 
Dundee, who died there 15 Dec. 1861, aged 77, 
whose remains are here interred. This monument 
is erected by his Masonic Brethren, as a respectful 
record of his worth ; and of his services as a Brother 
of the Craft, for the long period of 53 years. 

A flat stone, apparently the oldest in the 
church-yard, is embellished in the centre with 
carvings in relief of a skull and cross bones, and 
the motto, in morte vita. Below are the Dun- 
can and Durham arms impaled, flanked by the 
initials, M. I. D., A. D., G. D. It bears these 
words prettily cut in Roman capitals round the 
margin : — 



VHA . DEPAIR DAY , OF . MAI . 1615 

OF . HIR . AGE . 1 . ZEIR. 

A table-shaped stone, ornamented with the 
" royal crown" of the blacksmiths, with pincers 
and hammer, &c., bears : — 

Heir lyis ane honest man Iohn Mitchel, por- 
tioner of Life, spovs to IsobeU Gairdine. He de- 
pairted the 16 of November 1665, of aig 50. 

Upon a flat stone : — 

Heir layes ane godly yong man Alexander 
Leithel, son to Androw Leithel, indvellar in 
Gowrdy, who deperted May the 22, ano 1664, and 
of his age 26. 

A tombstone, with bold carvings of a pruning 
knife, hedge shears, and spade, &c., bears : — 

Here lys David Cob, lavf vl hvsband to Elizabeth 
Hill, sometime indvellar in Govi'die, who departed 
this life 1674, and of his age 45 years : — 
Death's sneading knife cvtes dovne, 

Honest man entombed here lyes. 

Upon a stone, on wliich a weaver's shuttle, &c., 
are carved: — 

Here lies two godly persons, Keathren Mancur, 
who departed this life on the 2 of Agust in the year 
1696, and of her age 55 ; and her housband Alex- 
ander Rob, on the 9 of September 1712, and of his 
age 69. 
James Wighton, shoemaker, LifF, d. 1725, a. 53 : — 

On stones its needless for to praise our friends 
when dead, for when they rise it shall appear to all 
the earth what life they lived before their death. 
Upon a flat slab : — 

Here lyes Agnes Gray, spous to John Couper in 
BacksiDe of Liff, who dieD in Agust 1707, and of 
hir age 62 : — 



With husBauds tuo I CliUdren 

HAD eLeven, 
With two of odds I Lived 

Sixty-even ; 
My Body sLeeps in hoPe, 

My souL I GAve, 
To Him Who suffered 

death, the same to Save. 
CAPut in CceLis Mem .... Sequent . . 
[The members shall follow their heavenly head.] 

A plain head-stone bears : — 

This stone was erected by James "Waddel, some- 
time brewer in Liffe, in memory of his uncle 
William Waddel, who died the 24th May, anno 
Domini, 1765, aged 58 years : — 

Here lys beneath these sordid stones, 

A father to the poor ; 
To orphants, and distressed ones 

He keept an open door. 
Fair honesty and virtus peure. 
Did strive in him for place ; 
Of chai-ity a publick store 
Was lost at his decess. 
Now though his body here doth ly, 

To moulder into dust ; 
His generous soul, the noble part, 
In Christ alone doth rest. 
— The session records show that Waddels were 
brewers at Liff for nearly 200 years, where 
they also carried on the trade of bakers. 

Upon the site of the pulpit of the old church 
of Liff a monument of Aberdeen granite, erected 
by subscription, bears : — 

Tribute of respect to the memory of the Piev. 
George Addison, D.D., for thirty -four years minis- 
ter of this parish, who died January 4, 1852, aged 
74. [1 Thess. iv. 14.] 

— Dr Addison was the son of a miller near Huntly, 
Aberdeenshire. He came to Angus as assistant 
schoolmaster at Glamis, and was afterwards tutor 
iu the Airlie family, by whose interest he was 
appointed first to the church of Gleuisla, next to 
Auchterhouse, and finally to Liff. His remains 
lie near the north wall of the burial ground. His 
wife was a daughter of the Rev. Mr Scott of 
Auchterhouse, some of whose sons attained high 
positions in the army, &c. 

(S. ) 

I^HE kirk of Banevijn or Banevill belonged to 
<^ St Andrews, and was dedicated by Bishop 
David in 1243. The parish was joined to Liff 
in 1758. A bell which belonged to the church, 
now at Liff manse, bears these names and date : — 

MICHAEL . BVRGERH\TS . M . F . 1G31 : 

Remains of the old church and of a baptis- 
mal font are iu the burial-ground. The enclosure 
has been improved by the erection of a new wall, 
in the outer part of which two carved stones are 
built. One of these is dated 1633 ; the other 
bears the arms of Scrimgeour, the second Viscount 
of Dundee, impaled with those of his lady, 
Isobel Car, or Ker, a daughter of the first Earl of 
Roxburghe, also the initials, V. I. D. : L. I. C. ; 
and the date of 1643. The latter stone, till 
lately, formed the top of a sun-dial, which stood 
in the burial-ground. In all probability, it had 
been gifted to the parish by Viscount Dundee 
and his lady, the former of whom died of wounds 
received at Marstou Moor in July 1644. Accord- 
ing to Fordun, Alexander of Carron, who did 
good service to Alexander I. when attacked by 
rebels at Hurley Hawkin, was progenitor of the 
Scrimgeours. He was made hereditary standai'd 
bearer of Scotland by that King ; and, for his bra- 
very and courage, had his name changed to Skir- 
misclmr. A descendant was created constable of 
Dundee by Sir William Wallace, 1298. Another 
of the family fell at Harlaw, 1411. They were 
created Viscounts of Dundee in 1641, and Earls 
in 1661. The title became extinct in the Scrim- 
geours in 1668. Twenty yearslater the Viscountsy 
was revived in the Grahams of Claverhouse. 
Wedderburn of Birkhill, in Fife, is representative 
of the Scrimgeours, through a female, and here- 
ditary standard bearer of Scotland. 

A tomb stone, partially effaced, with the S 

and Blair arms, and the initials T. S. : C. B., i.^ 
thus inscribed : — 



Keir lyes ane honest and godly man Thomas 

axter and bvrges of Dvndie, qvha de- 

partit the ober 1607, of his age 47 zeirs. 

A stone with the Hill and Gray arms, (initialed 
D. H : A. G :), bears this epitaph : — 
Heir lyes Iohn Hill, son to David Hill, maltman, 
To Agnes Gray son also, vas the same ; 
Of age tvelve years when he from them did go, 
It vas on March the eleventh six hvndred fifty tvo. 

Adjoining above : — 

Heir lyes ane honest man caled Thojias Hill in 
Balridrie, who departit the 8 of lanevar 1643, and 
of his age 69. T. H : E. S : A. H. 

Heir lyis ane godly and honest man Iames 
Spanzie in Balrvdrie. He departit the 5 of Feb- 
rvar 1620, and of his age 67, with his wyfe Mar- 
GRET Thein, who dej)artit the 3 of March 1612 : 
hir age is 52. 

Janet Gikie, spouse to Alexr. Hill, in Fowlis, 
died 18 Oct. 1711, aged 32, she having born 5 
children ; Ann, the youngest died 1710 : — 

How short man's life ! alas, while we live we die — 
To know man's life; keep death still in your eye. 
Alex. Hill, died 16 Nov, 1756, aged 80. 

Five of the old tombstones are initialed and 
dated respectively:—!. S., 1623; I. W. 1G30. 
P. G. ; A. W: E. M. 1641; A. S. 1G46, me- 
mento MORI ; P. G. 1-38. 

At the head of the last of these slabs stands a 
peculiar example of the sculptured stones, the 
existence of which shows Benvie to have been an 
early ecclesiastical settlement. Territorially it is 
also a place of considerable antiquity. David I. 
gave the barony to Walter of Luudin, who was 
followed in it by Sir Philip of Vallognes of Pan- 
mure, then by the Maules, the last named of 
whom held the superiority of Benvie and the 
patronage of the kirk down to 1716. 

The Scrim geours of Dudhope (Viscounts Dun- 
dec), held the lands of Benvie as vassals of the 
lords of Panmure, until 1654, when Benvie passed 
to John Fithie, merchant in Dundee. Fitliie was 
possibly a relative of the minister whose name is 
upon the old bell. 

Professor Playfair of Edinburgh, also his 
brother William (who wrote several works oU 
Scoteh history and antiquities), were born at the 
manse of Benvie. The future professor succeeded 
his father as minister of the united parishes, 
which he left about 1783-4, and became tutor to 
Mr Fergus.son of Raith. It is told that, while Mr 
P. was at Raith, an elder of Liff had occasion to 
write him upon some business, and thus addressed 
his letter: — "For Mr John Playfair, formerly 
servant to the Lord Jesus Christ af Liff, now 
servant to Mr Fergusson at Raith" ! 

^ n V f V 1} w V i r. 


'^'T is said that S. Boniface, who came to 
JS> Scotland from Rome, during the 7th century, 
planted his first church upon the site of the pre- 
sent burial place at Invergowrie, which occupies 
a knoll, near to wdiere the burn of Gowrie — the 
" flumen Gohriat in Pictavia" — joins the Tay. 

The church of Invergoueryn was given by Alex- 
ander I. to the Abbey of Scone. 

Fragments of two curiously sculptured stones 
are built into the south-east window of the ruins 
of the church. The remains of a piscina, of a 
primitive type, are on the right of the west door ; 
and the rude arch or top lintel of the door par- 
takes much of the character of that in the lower 
part of the tower of Rostinoth, which was also a 
foundation of S. Boniface, (v. p. 27.) 

The area of the church of Invergowrie is used 
as a cemetery by the Clayhills family, and others. 
It contains several mural and other monuments. 
The tablets from which the first three inscriptions 
are copied are upon the north wall : — 

Underneath are interred the remains of .James 
Menzies-Clavhills, lateCaptain in the RoyalScots, 
eldest son of James Clayhills, Esq. of Invergowrie, 
and Henrietta Henderson-Kinloch of Hallyards. 
He died 5 Nov. 1817, aged 31 years, ten of which 
B B 



were devoted to the service of his King aud 
Country. As a tribute to the memory of Qualities 
the most endearing, of a Disposition the most in- 
offensive and mild, of Affections the most cordial 
and warm, and of Filial Love and Duty never sur- 
passed — this monumental tablet is erected by Them 
who mourn as Parents, but resign as Christians, a 
prop and comfort of their declining years. 

In front of this monumental stone repose the 
remains of Jaiies Clayhills, Esq. of Invergowrie, 
who dei^ai'ted this life 16 May 1825, aged 72. Plain 
and unassuming in his manners, in his habits quiet 
and retired, with a spirit of the truest charity and dis- 
interestedness rarely excelled, he pursued the noise- 
less tenor of his way in the faithful discharge of 
the duties of a private, rather than in the bustle 
and parade of a public station. As a Landlord he 
was humane, just, and bountiful ; sincere, steady, 
and beneficent as a Friend ; kind and indulgent as 
a Father. This tribute to the memory of his many, 
but unobtrusive virtues, is offered by his Widow 
and surviving Children, as a small but unfeigned 
testimony of their duty and affection. 

To the revered memory of ALEXiVNOER Clay- 
hills, Esq. of Invei-gowrie. Born 14 January 
1796; died IS June 1865. 

— Three separate slabs, initialed and dated, cover 
the graves of the above-named. A fourth slab 

H. H. C, died 6 April 1829, aged 65 years. 
— Clayhills was the name of a burgess family in 
Dundee during the 16th century, of whom, in all 
probability, was Andrew, minister of Mouifietb, 
who died in 1617 ; as well as Robert, the latter 
of whom, in 1633, succeeded his father in the 
lauds and mill of Baldovie, near Dundee. In 
1669, James Clayhills of Nether Liff became laird 
of Invergowrie, &c., by the death of a brother's 

son. About the male line of Clayhills failed, 

and the property came, through a female, to 
Menzies of Menzieshill, who assumed the sur- 
name of Clayhills. The present laird (Mr Clay- 
hills-Henderson) of Invergowrie aud Hallyards, 
&c., an officer in the Navy, is a nephew of the 
late laird. A fifth slab is briefly inscribed : — 
M. M., AGED 76, 1846. 

Other inscribed monuments lie in the area of 
the church. The first quoted below had been, 
when entire, a fine example of its kind, with the 
letters boldly cut in relief : — 

I . s : I . F 


S . AHNES . 

. GODLY • 
FIF . HIS . 

SPOVS . AIGED . 76 . ZEIRIS .... 1574. 

Possibly the next quoted (much defaced by 
having been walked upon), had belonged to per- 
sons named Black and Fife : — 

.... HON . BLA .... ELDER . AND . KIRKMAN . 
DEPARTED . 1603 . A . F. 

There is another fine stone, dated 1633, with a 
shield on the left bearing the Lovel arms, flanked 
with the initials I. L. ; on the right a shield with 
the initials A. L. only, and between the shields 
are the letters M. S. Another slab, in excellent 
preservation, bears shields with the arms of Drum- 
mond aud liowison, respectively. This inscrip- 
tion is round the border of the stone : — 

RVARI . 14 . DAY . 1665 . AND . OF . HIS . AGE . 27. 
I . D : I . II. 

Built into the west wall, aud railed off from 
the area : — 

In memory of Daniel Mackenzie, Esq. of Ann- 
field, son of Kenueth Mackenzie, Esq. of Kilcoy, 
Ptoss-shire ; born 1765, died 1829. 
— If this inscription is authentic, it is another of 
many instances which show the value of such me- 
morials, and the necessity of our existing heraldic 
books being thoroughly revised. Neither Mr M. 
nor his father are mentioned in the published 
pedigrees of the Mackenzies of Kilcoy. Another 
marble slab bears. — 

In memory of Mrs Ann Mylne of Mylnefiekl, 
daughter of Alexander Hunter of Blackness ; Boru 
1749, died 1852. 

The family burial vault of the Mylnes of Mylne- 
fiekl is on the north side of the ruins of the 
church, where there are three marble monuments 
belonging to the family. One of the slabs is to 
the memory of — 



Agnes, wife of James Mylne, Esq. : Born 27 
Aug. 1765, died 15 Feb. 1S45. 

— This lady was a daughter of Scott of Criggie, 
in the Mearns. She was mother of the next men- 
tioned, who was the last Mylne of Myluefield : — 
Sacred to the memory of Thomas Mylne of 
Mylnefield, born 28 Nov. 1785, died 22 Dec. 1836. 
And his wife Elizabeth- Jane Guthrie, born 8 May 
1799, died 14 Nov. 1S39. [A daughter Agnes, 
died aged 16, and a son Charles-Kinloch, aged 
2 j^ears. ] 

Sacred to the memory of John Mylne, aged 38 ; 
Ann-Dotjglas, aged 37 ; Thomas-John, aged 35 ; 
and Elizabeth-Guthkie, aged 27, children of 
Thomas Mylne, Esq. of ilylnefield, and his wife 
Elizabeth-Jane Guthrie. They were drowned at 
sea, near Sydney, Xew South Wales, on the occasion 
of the wreck of the shijj "Dunbar" on 20 Augt. 
1857. Sacred also to the memory of James Mylne, 
aged 40, their eldest brother, who died at sea, near 
Malta, 28 Nov. 1857. Erected in memory of their 
beloved Brothers and Sisters, by William, Charles, 
and Graham Mylne. [i. John, iv. 12.] 

— The above William and Charles were in the 
E.I.C.S., and Graham was an officer in the 82d 
regiment of foot. Their mother was the eldest 
daughter of John Guthrie of Guthrie, (q. v.) 
The property of Mylnefield was sold soon after her 
death, to Mr Henderson, a farmer near Carnoustie, 
who was also laird of Grange of Barry. Mylne- 
field was inherited from him by Mr Low, a dock- 
gate keeper at Dundee harbour, and Grange of 
Barry, by Mr Wighton, a shipowner. The ]Mylnes, 
who were designed of Myluefield from about the 
close of the 17th century, were descended from a 
burgess family of Dundee. 

A tombstone in the burial-ground bears the 
name of Matthew, and the date of 1C22. Others, 
simply initialed and dated (A. M, 1638 ; W. V. 
1644; G. B. 1646; I. S. 1682, &c.), lie on the 
south side of the ruins of the old kirk. The fol- 
lowing inscriptions are from adjoining stones :— 

.... nost man nemed Robert Jack, who de- 
ported this lyf 2 of laneuari 1661, and of his age 
6-, RoBRT Iack, son of Eobrt lack, at the Law 
Brig Mil, who decest in auo 1656, and of his age 1. 

Heir lyes an honest woman namdd Margrat 
Gairdn, spovs to Androv Blak, maltman bvrges 
in Dvndie, who decesed the 24 of lanevare 1651, 
and of hir age 60 : — 

I rest in hop intil the tj^m apier. 
That I shal ryse and mit my Savior. 

A table-shaped tombstone near the churchj'-ard 
gate presents a variety of elaborate carvings, con- 
sisting of shuttles and other insignia of the weaver 
trade, combined with mortuary objects. The 
common verse, beginning, "Stop mortal man," 
&c., is near the centre, and the following round 
the margin, of the stone: — 

This stone wee David, lames, Robert, Henry, lohn, 
and Thomas Cocks erected in memory of Iames 
Cock, weaver in Locheye, our father, uho dyed 
Oct. 15, 1741, aged 65 ; and of Isobel DoiG, their 
mother, dyed March 31, 1733, aged 48, and 
W^illiajm, their brother, dyed 1731. 

— The above Cockes introduced linen manu- 
factures at Lochee — a trade which is still exten- 
sively carried on at that place by their descend- 
ants, under the firm of Cox Brothers, and Co. 
A plain headstone, adjoining the tomb from which 
the above inscription is copied, bears the follow- 
ing to another of the same race : — 

1754 : This stone was erected by Robert Cock 
and Margaret Kid, in memory of their lawfuU son 
Robert Cock, induellers in Lochee : he died Dec. 
20, 1751, aged 9 years: — 

mortal man why dost thow in 

This world delight to stay ; 

And as a drudge by her ay hurled 

Even at her fortouns sway ? 

She's painted our with pleasures rare 

All drest in gaudy hue ; 

She flatter can, without compare, 

Yet none of them is true. 
Upon a flat stone : — 

Here lyes David Mullo, taylor, who lined in 
Ninewalls, who dyed the 2 of May 17-4, and hia 
age 62 years. As also his spouse Margrat Watson, 
who dyed the 6 of Aprill 1743, and of her age 74 
years, &c. 1849, revised by Peter Watson, Lochee. 

Elizabeth Nickol, wf. of Jas. Whitton, d. 1756, 
a. 36 :— 



Child, wife^ and mother, dutiful. 
In all a pattern wonderful ; 
Her grace in life makes now her glory sure, 
Her corps may rott, her good name shall endure. 
After death — life. 

The next two inscriptions are from marble 
tablets, within tin enclosure, at east end of the 
luvergowrie aisle : — 

Underneath this tablet are interred the mortal 
remains of the A^ery Rev. Heneage Horslev, A. M. , 
Dean of Brechin, Prebendary of St Asaph, and for 
40 j'ears minister of St Paul's Chapel, Dundee. He 
was the only son of Samuel Horsley, Bishop of St 
Asaph. He was born 23 Feb, 177G, died 6 Oct. 
1S47, universally regretted and beloved. This 
tablet is erected to his memory by his children, 
sorrowing, but not as others, who have no hope. 

In the enclosure below this tablet are interred 
the mortal remains of Anne Bourke, widow of 
John Boui-ke, Esq., of the county of Limerick. 
She died at Dundee, 29 Dec. 1836, in the TSth year 
of her age, beloved and lamented. 
— This lady was a daughter of Edward Ryan of 
Boscobel, Tipperary, Ireland. By her husband 
she had three sons and one daughter. Two of the 
sons died young. The eldest, Richard, who dis- 
tinguished himself as a soldier, and as Governor 
of New South Wales, &c., received the honour of 
knighthood. In conjunction with Earl Fitzwilliam, 
he edited the correspondence of the celebrated 
Edmund Burke, to whose will he was a witness. 
(Burke's Lauded Gentry.) His sister, Frances- 
Emma, married the Rev. Dean Horsley ; and a 
plain slab within the old kirk at luvergowrie 
marks her grave, and bears this brief record of 
her death : — 

F. E. Horsley, 18 Dec. 1821. 

Upon a marble tablet, built into the east, and 
outer wall of the Myluefield aisle . — 

Sacred to John Smith-Skene, Esq., Captain of 
the Royal Navy, and Companion of the Bath, who 
died 10 Dec. 1833, aged 63 years. 
— Captain S. was made a C.B. iu 1813, and died 
at Bin Rock, a villa near Dundee. He saw much 
service in his time, having been master of the 
'^Egmont" at the battle of Cape St Vincent, 

First Lieutenant on board the " Africa" at Tra- 
falgar, and Commander of the " Beagle" at the 
reduction of St Sebastian. His paternal name 
was Smith ; but, upon inheriting some property, 
he assumed that of Skene. His son, John, lately 
in the Coast Guard, was a Commander iu the 
Navy, and long employed in active service iu 
various parts of the globe.— (O' Byrne's Navai 

The estate of Invergowrie belonged at one time 
to the Grays. Three carved stones, possibly taken 
from their old residence at Invergowrie, are built 
over a private entrance from the Perth road to the 
present house. One bears the date of 1601, with 
the initials, P. G : A. N., also the Gray and 
Napier C?) arms, and the motto, 


A second slab presents the same arms and ini- 
tials, and the words, god . gevis. Upon the 
third stone are also the Gray arms, the initials, 
P. G., and the legend, 


(S. ) 

X IKE the kirks of Liff and luvergowrie, that of 
SJi Logiin-Dundho was given to the Abbey of 
Scone by Alex. I. It was also in the diocese of St 
Andrews, and dedicated by Bishop David in the 
year 1243. 

The church stood upon a rising ground ; and 
a burial aisle, erected by the late Major Fyfe of 
Logic and Smithfield (in which no interments 
have been as yet made), occupies the same site. 
According to an inscribed stoue near the gate, 
the surrounding walls were 


The fragment of a cofBn-slab, possibly of the 
14th or loth century, is the only relic of anti- 
quity within the ground. It is similar to some 
of those fine examples which lie at the church of 



St Mary, Dundee, with a floral cross upon the 
face of it, and an old fashioned sword upon one of 
the sides. The shaft of a pillar-mouumeut, with 
square hole in top, Hn'.^rcalled " the holywater 
staue," stood long in an upright posture, though 
now thrown aside, and treated as useless. 

The oldest lettered tombstone (so far as I have 
seen), is dated 1786 ; and though numerous, few, 
if any, of the inscriptions are of general interest. 
A plain headstone, near the south-west corner, 
bears this tribute : — 

To the memory of John Bexxet, cabinet-maker 
in Dundee, who died 26 April 1822, aged 47. This 
stone is erected by a select number of Journeymen 
Cabinet-Makers as a mark of respect and esteem 
for a kind master, and a sincere friend ; and their 
high sense of the genuine integi'ity of conduct, and 
warmth of feeling which distinguished through life 
him who lies below. 

JoHX, son of Alex. Rattray, d. 1839, a. 6 y. 
Sm. :— 

And must this body die ? 

This mortal frame decay ? 

And must these active limbs of mine, 

Lie mouldering in the clay ? 
There are some private burial-places near the 
west side of the enclosure : one belongs to Edward 
Baxter, merchant, Dundee, laird of Kincauldrum, 
and father of W. E. Baxter, M.P. for the Mon- 
trose District of Burghs, presently Secretary to 
the Admiralty. It contains a handsome freestone 
monument, with a marble tablet, upon which are 
recorded the death of Mr E. Baxter's first wife, 
EuPHEMiA Wilson, who died at Balgay House, 
22 Aug. 1833 ; also that of his second wife, 
Elizabeth Jobson, who died 2 July 1842 ; 
together with two daughters who died young. 

Owing to the overcrowded state of Logic bu- 
rial-ground, it was closed, with certain exceptions, 
against further interments, by order of the Privy 
Council, 19 Feb. 1870. It was used chiefly for 
the district of Lochee, now a populous and thriving 
suburb of Dundee ; for the better accommodation 
of which, a new cemetery is about to be formed 
upon the adjoining property of Balgay. 

As the more interesting antiquarian and histo- 
rical peculiarities of the united parishes of Liff^ 
Benvie, Invergowrie, and Logic, are given in the 
Sculptured Stone Monuments (vol. i.), and in the 
Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries (vols, 
ii., v., vi.), as well as in both Statistical Accounts 
of Scotland, &c., notices of these matters are pur- 
posely omitted here. 

It may only be mentioned that the districts of 
Invergowrie and Logic were both famous at one 
time for the abundance and purity of their water 
springs ; and that, before the Monikie supply was 
brought into Dundee, the water from these springs 
was used in that town for all important culinary 
purposes. The water was driven through Dun- 
dee in barrels, and the qualities of the respective 
springs were loudly extolled by the different 
vendors. Of the former, it was declared that, 
" lavergowrie's crystal spring, 
For Tea, surpasses everything !" 
while of Invergowrie's rival, the people were as- 
sured that — 

" Of a' the wells that's here about, 
There's nane compar'd to Logie Spout !" 

^ « i je - g u ^ It it n. 

(?S. ANDREW.) 

KING DAVID II., in 1361, gave the patron- 
age of the kirk of Logie in Buchan to the 
Cathedral of Old Machar. In the following year 
the Bishop conveyed the church itself, with its 
teinds, to the same house, of which Logie-Buchan 
was a mensal church. 

The Ythan runs through the parish, and the 
kirk stands upon a rising ground on the south side 
of that river. The belfry is dated 1737 ; and the 
bell inscribed : — 


The Buchans of Auchmacoy, patrons of the 
church, had their burial-place within it, where 
two marble tablets are respectively inscribed as 
under: — 



As a mark of affection and regard for the memory 
of Robert Buchan, third son of Thomas Buchan, 
Esq. of Auchmacoy, assistant-surgeon, H.E.I.C.S., 
who died at Cawnpore, 4 Sep. 1825, in the '24th year 
of his age. His brother, John, died in London, 
4 Feb. 1829, aged 22 years, and is interred in the 
burjang-ground belonging to the Church of St 
John, Waterloo Road, London. Also in memory of 
EuPHEMiA TuKNER, widow of the late Thomas 
Buchan, Esq. of Auchmacoy, who died at Edin- 
burgh, 22 Dec. 1S32, and whose remains are in- 
terred here. 

— This lady was eldest daughter of Robert Turner 
of Menie, in Belhelvie. The other marble records 
the death of her husband and eldest son : — 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Buchax, Esq. 
of Auchmacoy, who died on the 12 Aug. 1819, and 
was interred in the family burying-ground within 
this church. Also, in remembrance of his eldest 
son Thomas, who died at Marseilles, in France, 
3 Dec. 1818, aged 21 years, and was interred in the 
Protestant burying-ground of that city. 
— The present laird of Auchmacoy, who succeeded 
his father, married a daughter of Garden Duff 
of Hatton, Esq., by whom he had a son and 
daughter. The former, Thomas, died at London 
in 1866, aged 29, after which his father erected a 
mausoleum near the mansion-house, where the 
remains of his son rei)Ose. It is said that the first 
of this family was a son of Cumin, Earl of Buchan ; 
and that the laird of the period, contrary to the 
wish of his chief, adheriug to The Bruce, was 
allowed to retain his lands, on the condition of 
taking a new name, whereupon he assumed 
that of Buclian. The property of Auchmacoy, as 
originally held by this family, had been of small 
extent, for in 1309 two-thirds of it belonged to 
William of Strathbogie. But in 1505, from an 
inquest which was held regarding the lands of 
Alexander Buchan of Auchmacoy (whose son An- 
drew had married Marjory Craufurd), the estates 
appear to have been considerable. Gen. Thomas 
Buchan, who saw much service abroad, and 
afterwards succeeded Viscount Dundee in the 
command of the forces of Scotland, was a son of 
the laird of Auchmacoy and his wife Margaret 
Setou. The General, who was also connected 

with the rising of 1715, " dyed at Ardlogie in 
Fyvie, and was buried in Logy-Buchan, a.d. 

M.DCCXX. . . ." 

The following is upon a table-shaped stone in 
the churchyard, besides which a marble tablet, 
within the kirk, records also the death of Mr 
Paterson : — 

The Rev. Wm. Paterson, 42 years minister of 
this parish, died July 4, 1816, in the 65 year of his 
age. Anna Ogilvie, daughter of Jas. Ogilvie, 
Esq. of Culquhins and Baldavie, died 17 March 
1792, aged 36. Mr Paterson remarried Mrs Jane 
Mair, daughter of the Rev. John Mair, minister of 
Rayne, and widow of the Rev. Alex. Fullerton, 
minister of Footdee, who died April 4, 1833, aged 
75. John- James Paterson, M.D., surgeon in the 
Bengal medical establishment of the H.E.I.C.S., 
died in England, March 21, 1837, aged 49. Mar- 
jory, a daughter, died at Aberdeen 23 Aug. 1841, 
aged 57. 

Within an enclosure : — 

Rev. George Cruden, minister of Logic Buchan, 
after an incumbency of 33 years, died 11 Sep. 1850, 
in the 77th year of his age. His wife Suphia, 
daughter of the Rev. Wm. Eraser of Tyrio, died 
18 Dec. 1839, aged 58. 

— ]\Ir C. wrote the Statistical Accounts of Logie- 
Buchan in 1842, and of Old Deer in 1794, 
where he was then schoolmaster. 

The greater part of Logie-Buchan, on the for- 
feiture of the Cumins, was granted to the Hays 
of Errol by Robert the Bruce. 

It is said that there were two family chapels 
here in old times, one at the Dovecot (which 
is still a picturesque object on the right of the 
turnpike road from Ellon to Peterhead), the 
other at the Old Yard of Auchmacoy. There 
was also an Hospital, on the banks of the Ythan, 
with a house and some land attached to it, for 
the support of two old people. It was upheld 
by the lairds of Auchmacoy ; and, in 1725, the 
house is said to be " in good repair." It possibly 
stood near to the present boat-house — a ferry boat 
being still the means of direct communication be- 
tween the north and south sides of the Ythan. 



The well-known Scotch air of " Boat o' Logie," 
is said to have originated from this place. 

Apart from Auchmacoy, the properties of Tarty, 
Birnis, Fechil, and Tippertie, &c., are in Logie- 
Buchan, the last-named of which supplies bursaries 
to the Aberdeen College, in the gift of Turner 
of Turnerhall (r p. 60^. It was Innes of Tippertie 
and some other non- subscribing lairds who, in 
1644, at the head of about 80 horsemen, defeated 
the Covenanters while they were plundering 
the lands of Tarty, from which (says Spalding) 
the Covenanters returned " in tuais," in threis, in 
fouris, and not in ane bodie, schamefully bak 
agane to Abirdene." 

fTfHE kirks of Inuirbondin and Bane/, with 
cSj certain lands in the neighbourhood, were 
gifted by King William the Lion to the monks of 
Arbroath. Both churches (which are separately 
rated in the Old Taxatio, the latter being much the 
more valuable), aj)pear to have been subsequently 
united, possibly about the time of the Reforma- 
tion, but were again disjoined in 1G34. 

The ruins of the old kirk of Boyndie, with the 
belfry uj)on the west gable, stand upon a knoll 
near to where the burn of Boyndie falls into the 
sea. The belfry bears the initials of I. L. F. 
(James, Lord Findlater), and the date of 1740. 
The bell is dated 1770. 

Over the door of an aisle, upon the south side of 
the ruins, in raised capitals : — 

Lord I have loved the habitation of thy hoiise 
and the place where thine honour dwelleth. This 
entry door to the church was put up by me James 
Ogilvie of Culphin, who was an elder at this place 
fourty six years bypast, at the present year of God 

— This Ogilvie, who gave two silver communion 
cups to the parish, which are still in use, was after- 
wards designed of Culvie, in Marnoch. 

An arched building on the north side of the 

ruins, once tlie burial vault of the Ogilvies of 
Boyne, has long been used for the interment of 
some of the less potent resident parishioners. 
Within it a stone is thus inscribed : — 

Here lyes the body of James Bvres, principal 
servant in the Family of Findlater for above 20 
years, and tacksman of the farm of Dallochy. A 
man who performed the duties of his station with 
the strictest fidelity, prudence, and diligence, much 
beloved by the ^^oble Fmnili/ in which he served, 
by whom this stone is erected. By his early death 
the world lost a worthy member of society, his re- 
latives a kind and an affectionate f jiend, and the 
poor a generous benefactor. Died 6 Oct. 1784, aged 
46. An honest man's the noblest work of God. 

Within area of old kirk : — 

To the memory of the Stuarts, foi-merly of 
Ordens, this being the burial place of that family 
for many ages. This stone is placed by the Rev. 
James Stuai-t, one of their descendants, late Rector 
of Geoi'ge Town Pai-ish, South Carolina, and 
Chaplin to the King's Rangers in North America, 

— The erector of this tomb left a considerable 
amount of money for educational and charitable 
purposes to the parish. Ordens belonged to 
Stuarts in 1724, . for how long before or after I 
am not aware, but it was held of the Earls of 

An enclosure, in the south-west corner of the 
kirk contains four separate tablets. The oldest 
bears : — 

This lair belongs to James Milne, sometime at 
Mills of Boyndie, Alexr. Milne at Mill of Aluah, 
and John Milne at Mill of Boyndie, his sons. 
This stone is erected by James Milne at Nether 
Mill of Boyndie, eldest son to the s'l John Milne. 
Anno 1739. 
Upon next oldest monument : — 

Erected by James Mill in Mill of Boyndie, in 
memory of his eldest son James, who was born 
April 1770, and died Septr. 1788; and of his brother 
JoHX, late in Boghead of Ord, who was born June 
1718, and died Deer. 1792. And also in memory 
of the said James Milne himself, who died 14th 
June 1807, aged 85 years. His widow, Isabel 
Milne, who died 25th June 1823, aged 81 years. 



is also interred here. His youngest sou, Alexr. 
Milne, Lt.-Col. of the 19th Regt. of Foot, died at 
Denierara, 5th Novr. 1827, aged 48 years. 

The above are freestone monuments ; and the 
following inscription is upon a marble slab, en- 
cased in yellow freestone : — 

Near this place are interred the remains of John 
Milne, Esq. , surgeon in Banff, who died in conse- 
quence of a fall from his horse, May 29th 1833, in 
the 26th year of his age. Distinguished by active 
yet unostentatious benevolence. Air Mdne, both 
in a professional and private capacity, uniformly 
shewed himself a warm friend to the poor, by 
whom his untimely fate is deeply deplored. Nor 
to them only was he an object of regard. By the 
openness of his manners, the warmth of his friend- 
ship, and the integrity of his conduct, he had 
endeared himself in no ordinary degree to the com- 
munity at large. To perpetuate the memory of 
one who, in the morning of life, and in the active 
discharge of duty, was so suddenly and unexpect- 
edly lost to the world, a number of friends, to 
whom that memory is dear, have caused this 
monument to be erected. September 12, 1833. 

Upon a freestone tablet : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Milne, late 
farmer at Mill of Boyndie, who died there 25th 
May 1849, aged 78 years. And of his spouse 
Jean Milne, who died there 11th June 1835, in 
the 63rd year of her age. Here also are interred 
the remains of their children, Hobert Milne, who 
died 8th February 1833, aged 23 years. John 
Milne, who died 20th May 1833, in the 26th year 
of his age, (as recorded on the adjoining tablet), 
and Abercromby Milne, who died 9th June 1848, 
aged 30 years. Their son, Archibald Milne, died 
in New Zealand, 1842, in the 35th year of his age. 
And their son, "William Milne, Collector of Cus- 
toms at Old Harbour, Jamaica, died there 7th May 
1850, aged 36 years. 
From two separate stones in church -yard :— 

Here lyes George Gill, in Warielip, under hope 
of a blessed resurrection, who departed this lyf 
April 3, 1689. Blessed are the dead, &c. 

Here lies the corps of honest Iohn Watt, late 
farmer in Blairmaid, who departed this life upon 
the 9th day of March 1758, aged 73 years. 

The district of Boyne was a thanedom, in whicli 
there was a large hunting forest, of which Sir 
John Edmonstone had a charter in 1368. About 
1485 the lands and thanedom of Boyne came by 
marriage to Sir Walter OgUvy, a son of the knight 
of Lintratheu, in Angus. The Castle of Craig of 
Boyne, on the west side of the burn of Boyne, of 
which very little remains, is the reputed seat of 
the old thanes ; and during the Civil Wars the 
laird found it a safe retreat from Montrose and 
his soldiers. While searching lately among the 
slender traces which remain of this stronghold, 
particularly in the kitchen midden, Mr Garland, 
farmer of Cowhyth, found bones of animals of the 
chace, &c., also needles and pins made of bone. 
Some of the latter are prettily formed and polished ; 
one (in the National Museum) has the letters IJ, 
or b. 0. E. m. cut upon it. 

The more modern castle, once a residence of 
the Earls of Findlater, and inhabited until about 
1745, is among the most imposing and pictur- 
esquely situated ruins in the north-east of Scot- 
land. Vandals, however, have been allowed to 
make sad havock upon these ruins, for scarcely a 
dressed stone of any interest has been left about 
the place; although, from the excellent view of it 
given by Cordiner in his Remarkable Ruins (1791) 
the lintels, &c., were then wonderfully entire; also 
the walls painted with figures and legends. 

The present church, which is nearly two miles 
distant from the old one, was built in 1773. A 
Methodist Chapel was erected in 1838, and a 
Free Church in 1843, at the fishing village of 
Whitehills. The Earl of Seafield is patron, and 
sole heritor of the parish. 

In 1681, Sir Patrick Ogilvie of Boyne had a 
royal warrant to hold two yearly markets in 
Boyndie, one in the Muir of Whitehills on the 
2d Tuesday of May, the other on the Muir of 
Culfin on 2d Tuesday of October, as well as for 
a weekly market to be held at Portsoy. 

S. Brandan's circle, upon the farm of Bank- 
head, now represented by three rough boulders, 
one of which exhibits cup-shaped markings, and 
almost all other antiquities in the parish worthy 
of remark, are noticed in the Stat. Accounts, &c. 



Thomas Ruddiman, the celebrated gram- 
Jioarian, was the son of a farmer at Raggel, where 
he was bora iu 1674. Mrs Buchan or Simpson, 
the daughter of the keeper of a small iun, and the 
founder of a sect of religious fanatics, also belonged 
to this parish. When on her deathbed in 1791, 
she assured her few remaining apostles, among 
other cant and blasphemy, that she was the verit- 
able Virgin Mary, and Mother of Jesus ! 


SfilffllE old name of Mains wasi Strathdichty-Co- 
M> miii.% or the Earl's- Strathdichty. Along 
with the kirk of Strathmartin, that of Mains was 
given to the Abbey of Arbroath, by Gilchrist, Earl 
of Angus. The parishes were united iu 1794. 

Both churches were in the diocese of St An- 
drews; and under the name of StrathccJttyn, that 
of Mains was dedicated by Bishop David in 1242. 
Plains of Fintrij was a later name for the parish. 
Jt is said that the name of " Fiutry" was im- 
ported, and given to the district by the Grahams, 
from their older property of that name in Stir- 
lingshire. The abbreviated form of Mains 
had arisen from the old name of the locality, 
which, in 1485 (when " Robert Grahame de Fyu- 
tree," and his eldest sou had a tack of the 
teiud sheaves from Abbot David of Arbroath), is 
described as " le manys Slradichyne-Comitis." 

The burial-ground of Mains (lately surrounded 
by a dyke, and put in decent order), is near 
the castle, and upon the north side of the Gelly 
burn. The burial aisle of the Ghaiiams of Fin- 
try, which was reserved by the family when the 
lands were sold, formed the south transept of the 
kirk, of whicli it is the only remaining part. It 
was lately re- edified and adorned with a carving of 
the Graham arms. The gable is pierced by three 
lancet windows. Upon the west side of these, 
and within the aisle, a stoup for holy water, in a 
late style of the Perpendicular, projects from the 

wall. A carved stone (18 by 24 inches) embel- 
lished by a peculiar representation of the Annun- 
ciation (now built over the window in the south 
transept), was found, iu 1868, while digging a 
grave. The pot and lily rest upon a shield charged 
with the Graham arms. The lily is held by a 
winged angel kneeling on the left — on the right 
stands the Virgin, with nimbus and uplifted 
hands, in the attitude of prayer. The ribbons 
remain, but the legends are effaced, and the whole 
work is considerably mutilated. In all proba- 
bility, this formed a portion of the altar of the 
old kirk, which, along with the south aisle, if not 
the contemporary church itself, had possibly been 
erected by Sir David Graham and his wife Mar- 
garet Ogilvy, whose initials, &c., as shewn below, 
are upon certain parts of the adjoining castle. 
A curious lancet window of one light, hewn out 
of a single stone (possibly taken from the kirk), 
is built into the wall of the old manse. 

The first Graham of Fintry was Robert, eldest 
son, by a second marriage, of Sir William (an- 
cestor of the Dukes of JNIoutrose), by a daughter 
of king Robert III. Robert Graham married a 
daughter of Lovel of Balumby, by whom he had 
two sons and two daughters. The daughters 
were married respectively to Erskine of Dun and 
Haliburton of Pitcur. The youngest son, along 
with his father, had a lease of the teinds of Balar- 
gus and Finlarg, in Tealing, 1485, from the Abbot 
of Arbroath. From young Graham, who is 
called "of Balargus," were descended the family 
of Claverhouse and Duntrune, now represented by 
Miss Stirling-Graham, the accomplished authoress 
of Mystifications, &c. 

Of the marriage between Graham and Balum- 
by 's daughter, an interesting proof exists, in the 
form of a coffin -slab, which had been taken from 
the burial place, and now lies upon the top of the 
court-yard wall. It is embellislied with a Calvary 
Cross upon steps; also, two shields,— one bears 
the Graham arms, the other those of Graham and 
Lovel impaled. These words are upon the arms 
of the cross :— __ 

in . mara . cijns . mara. 

Robert Graham's eldest son married a daughter 
c c 



of Douglas, Earl of Angus, and had a sou and 
successor, who was knighted. Sir David (grand- 
son of the last-mentioned), married Margaret, 
daughter of Ogilvy of Airlie ; and probably the 
older part of the Castle of Mains was built in his 
time, since traces of the initials D. G. and 
D. M. O., and the date of 1556, appear upon 
the arch of the court-yard, or outer entrance to 
the house. To his time, also, possibly belongs the 
stone altar-piece above referred to. Upon a 
slab, built into a late portion of the castle : — 


Sir David's eldest son and heir, to whose time 
the above inscription belongs, having taken part in 
the " Popish plot" of the Earls of Huntly and 
Errol, was beheaded at Edinburgh in 1592. 
His son, who became a staunch Royalist, married 
a daughter of Ilaliburton of Pitcur. The square 
tower of the castle, which gives so much cha- 
racter to the building, belongs to his period. 
Upon a skew-put stone are the Graham arms, 
and the date of 1650. 

This Graham became 9th laird of Fintry, and 
from him the present representative of the family 
is descended. This branch of the Grahams has 
now no landed interest in Angus, the greater part 
of their estates having become, by purchase, the 
property of Erskine of Linlathen. (v. p. 112.) 

The burial ground contains a number of tomb- 
stones. One (with a bold carving of a mascle, 
with a cross at each point), is inscribed : — 

Hie sitv . . . nestvs vir, Alexander Mathov, 
bvrgen : de Dvndee, qvi obiit die 23 mensis Octo- 
bris, anno 1585, a^tatis sva3 53. Discito ab exemplo, 
mortales, discite nostro. Svm qvod eris. Onuiia 
svbjecta mvtabilitati. 

[Here lies an honest man, Alexander Matiiov, 
burgess of Dundee, who died 23 Oct. 1585, aged 53. 
Learn, mortals, learn from my example. I am 
what thou shalt be. All things are subject to 
change. ] 

Some tombstones exhibit curious carvings : one 
has the beaters of a waulk mill upon it, others 
weavers' looms, shuttles, &c. ; but the common 
objects are mill-rinds, and mill-stone picks, there 
having been, at one time, a number of meal and 

barley mills upon the Dichty. A gravestone, 
ornamented as last mentioned, initialed I.B: I.M., 
and dated 1655, bears this epitaph : — 
Wnder this ston interd lyes he, 
Who 40 two zeers livd wt ws, 
At mil & kil right honestlie, 
And wt his nighb'' dealt he thvs ; 
But death in Apryl 55, 
Fro of the stage did him reove. 
earth, earth, earth, 
Hear the word of the Lord. ler 22. 29. 
Upon a flat stone, with armorial bearings : — 

Heir lyes ane godly honest voman, named 
Kathrine Fvf, spovs to Thomas Nicoall in Bal- 
raovre, vho depairted this lyfe the 2 of lanvar, the 
year of God 1648, and of agge 32. 

Adjoining the above, with the carvings of a 
mill-rind and millstone pick : — 

WiL ... ME PaWLL : lONET lOBSON. 1645. 

A table-shaped stone, initialed I. D : G. Y., 
bears : — 

Heir one beneath this ston consvming lyes, on 
wirtves honest . . . Iohn Dvff by nam, who, 
while he lived he vas beloved of al, and did deses 
the 11 of Nov. 1654, and of his age 60 : — 
I rest in hop intil the tym apier, 
That I shal rest, and mit my Sawior. 

The following, embellished with the shoemakers' 
crown and cutting knife, preserves an old spelling 
of the surname of Batchelor : — 

Hir lyes a godlay and onest man called Iames 
Besler, bvrges of Dvndie, vha departet this lif 
November 29, 1665, and of his age 84. Iames 
Beseler, shovmakr. 

Heir lyes ane godly honest man, Walter Gib, 
who deceast the 25 Awgwst 1664, and of his age . . . 
Tiios. Thomson, hbd. to Margt. Clerk, d. 1736, 
a. 65 :— 

He who with .... did me bless, 

With riches, life, and breath ; 
Me from these three did take away, 
By sickness and by death. 
Helen Donaldson, wife of Jas. Kinnaird, d. 
1738, a. 63 :— 
To honour the dead we may be bold, 
Our father Abraham hath us told. Gen. 23. 



William Buick, Gutherston (1751) : — 
Among the rest of Adam's race, 

That in this workl liv'd ; 
There's one confin'd within this Tomb 

Who upright was and pious. 
He while in life was very just, 

Gave every man his due ; 
But now he is exalted high, 
In Heaven we hope he's now. 
An oval-shaped slab of white marble, which 
fell out of a mural monument, bears : — 

This stone is erected by his widow, to the 
memory of James Marshall, surgeon in Peter- 
head, who died at the Mains of Fintry, on the 8th 
of August 1813, aged 28 years. 
— Dr M. " late of the Wiuchelsea Indiaman," was 
the son of a retired naval officer, who subse- 
quently sailed a vessel from Peterhead. Dr M.'s 
wife was a daughter of James Skelton, a ship- 
owner at that port. 
Robert Airth, d. 1763, aged 12 mo : — 

This charming child most comely was. 

And pleasant once a day ; 
But now, alas, he lowly lies 
Here in this bed of clay. &c. 
Charles Peebles, schoolmaster of Mains, d. 20 
July 1801, a. 66, his wd. Ann Crabb, d. 7 Dec. 
following, a. 64 : — 

How useful they in training youth. 
When thoughtless of the paths of truth 

They need the guiding reins ; 
The East and West, the South and North, 
Doth testify from proved worth 
Of youth spent at the Mains. 
There is a burial ground, containing a number 
of modern tombstones, at the present parish 
church of Mains. The church was erected in 
1800 ; and a tablet within it is thus inscribed : — 
Sacred to the memory of Charlotte, Lady 
Ogilvy, sole proprietor of the estate of Bank, in 
the parish of Strathmartin, eldest daughter of 
Walter Tullideph, Esq. of the Island of Antigua, 
and relict of Sir John Ogilvy, Bart, of luverqu- 
harity, late of the Scots Grays, &c., who died at 
the age of 72. [No year given]. 
— Lady Ogilvy's father was a descendant of Prin- 
cipal Tullideph of St Andrews. Tullideph Hall 

is now called Baldovan House, and Baldovan is 
the present name of the estate of Bank. The 
first Ogilvys of luverquharity and Airlie were 
brothers of Sir Walter of Lintratheu ; but the 
seniority of the two first named brothers is, as 
yet, a matter of doubt. In 1625, a baronetcy 
was created in the luverquharity branch. 

The Castle of Mains is one of the most pictur- 
esque ruins in Angus, and has been sketched and 
painted by David Uoberts, and other modern 
artists. The oldest portion is quite a ruin ; but 
it is to be hoped that it will be preserved from 
further decay. The latest building, which is at- 
tached to the south side, is inhabited. According 
to tradition, the old Earls of Angus had a castle 
here. It is further said by Boece, that Mains 
was the scene of the reputed murder of a sister of 
William the Lion, by her husband. Earl Gilchrist, 
(r. p. 185.) Be this as it may, it is certain that 
the district belonged in property, after the days 
of the Earls of Angus, to Malcolm Ramsay, pos- 
sibly of Auchterhouse ; afterwards to Adam Irvine ; 
next to the Grahams. 

The Gelly burn, which runs through the ro- 
mantic dell between the castle and the burial- 
ground had, at one time, the name of Syvan ; and 
Synnivie, or Sinivee, is the name of a copious 
spring which issues from the crevice of a rock in 
the den — a name which may be a corruption of 
that of S. NiNiAN, the patron saint of Mains. 

Near a dovecot, built in imitation of a ruined 
castle, and upon the north side of the Dichty, 
stood the reputed birth place of the celebrated 
John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dun- 
dee. He was mortally wounded at Killiecrankie, 
27th July 1C89, and buried in the family vault 
at Blair Athol, from which, it is said, his bones (?) 
were secretly removed, at no distant date, and 
reinterred within the precincts of an Episcopal 
Church in Aberdeenshire. 

The following oddly expressed entry, dated 
Oct. 5, 1726, occurs in the Session records :— 

" David Duncan at Mill of Mains had a daughter 
baptised Ann brought forth by Isobel Johnston his 
spouse before the congregation." 



RflllE kirk of *S'<ra</<ec/i/m-ilfrt/-/nMvas dedicated 
^ by David, Bishop of St Andrews, iu 1249. 

The church was suppressed as a phice of worship 
■when the new one was erected at Mains ; and part 
of the materials of the former kirk were employed 
in building the latter. 

Sir John Ogilvy (whose ancestral burial-place 
is within the parish church of Kirriemuir), has a 
burial vault upon the site of the old kirk of Strath- 
martin. The last interred there was Lady Jane, 
second wife of Sir John Ogilvy, and daughter of 
Thomas, Earl of Suffolk. Lady Jane, who died 
28th July 1861, was remarkable for her friendly 
manner to, and substantial sympathy with, the 
poor. As the founder of the Asylum for Imbecile 
Children at Baldovan, and of The Home at 
Dundee, her name will long live in the hearts of 
the sorrowful and the penitent. 

On the west of the graveyard (also within an 
enclosure), lie the remains, unmarked, of Admiral 
Laird. He was the sou of a corn -merchant in 
Dundee, and distinguished himself during the 
American war. He bought the estate of Strath- 
martin about 1785 for £15,500, upon the im- 
provement of which he expended nearly as much 
again. The rental is now over £4000 a-year. 
Admiral Laird died in 1811, and was succeeded 
by his grandson, Colonel Laird, of the F. and K. 

At the time the kirk of Strathmartin was de- 
molished the burial ground was about double its 
present size, the public road and certain cottages 
on the north side of it being within the old 
boundary. The burial place (were it properly 
cared for) would be one of the loveliest iu the 
district. It is upon a rising ground on the north 
bank of the Dichty, surrounded by old trees, and 
enclosed by a stone wall. It contains a number 
of tombstones, from which the inscriptions quoted 
below are selected : — 

Heir lyes ane godly honest man Iames Hvntee, 

hvsband to Isobel Wat. He decest November 6, 
year of God 1664, of age 58. Her childi-en Patrick 
and Ianet. 

The first part of next inscription is carved iu 
raised characters, round the edge of a table-shaped 
tomb, the rest is incised upon the face of it : — 

Heii' lyes ane godly honest man loHN Havl, 
sometyme at Baldiven Mill, with Cathrn Ramsey, 
his loving yovng wife, 

Both in on grave vntU the tym acord 
That they shall heir the earch angel of the Lord : 
Ovr sovl doth bend ovr bodes straicht and even. 
As with it selfe it wold theme raise to Heaven ; 
Bvt al in value it vudergoes svch toyle. 
The body will not leave its native soyle. 
Age pvls it downe, and makes it stoope f vU low, 
Till Death doth give his fatall overt lirow ; 
Then throvgh the bodies breach the sovl doth rise. 
And like a conqverovr movut the skies, 
To its eternal rest from whence it came, 
As is ther bodies in tombe heir lyes, 
to wit, John Havll at Baldiven Mill, who died in 
l^ace the 22 of March 1648, and of his age 55 yeirs, 
with his beloved spoves Catrin Rajisay, who did 
deeese the 4 of lanvari 1666 zeirs, and of her aige 
77 zeirs, both in on grave heir lyes. 
Adjoining the above : — 

Here lyes an godly honest man called Iohn 
Thane, husband to Elspit Edentoune, who duelt 
in Kirktoun of Strickmartin, who departed the 1 
day of Agust 1677, and of his age 51 ; and besides 
him lyes Elspit Edentoune, his spous, who de- 
parted the 29 day of Agust 1679, and of hir age 56. 
Another stone bears : — 

Heir lyes David Thain, who deceased the 26 day 
of February 1(570. Blessed are the dead, &c. 

Upon a stone lately removed from its place, and 
laid against south dyke : — 

Here lyes aue vertous honest woman Isobel 
Mathew, last spous to Iohn Boyack, maltman 
burges in Dundie, who died 22 of October 1690, 
and of her age 60 :— 

From dust I cam, and thither do returne. 
Who here abids till tribes of earth shall mourn ; 
Till heaven and earth wrapt in a scrol shall be, 
And Christ with saints coming in clouds ile se, 
WTien soul and bodie united shall again. 
Be lifted up to Christ for to remaine. 



A table-shaped stone, with a weaver's loom and 
shuttle carved upon it, bears : — 

Here lyes ane godly honest man Iames Ander- 
SONE, husband to lean Baxter, induellers in Bal- 
kelou, who departed this life lanury 26, the year 
1090, and of his age 70 : — 

Among the earth, beneath this stone. 

Doth his forefathers lie ; 
And this has been their burial plac, 
Since man's remembrie. 

Carvings of a loom and shuttle accompany next : — 
Heir lyes an honest man Andrew DA\^DSON, 
husband to Margrat Alavar, induellers in Auelien- 
herrie, who departed this life the 30 of May 1695, 
and of his age 56, and 2 of their children : — 

A godly man lyis here 

Who was good to the poor. 

He keeped ay good companie 

And ordor in his familie. 

He's gone to Heaven to his rest, 

Among the angels that are blest. 
Jas., son of Thos. Low% flour mill, Dundee, d. 

1752, a. 18 y. :— 

Thy name ay, thy fame ay, 
Shall never be cutt off ; 
Thy grave ay, shall have aye, 
Thy honest epitaph. 
John Robertson, Cotterton of Strathmartin, d. 

1753, a. 74 :— 

Heir lyes a godly honest man. 

All men that knew him said — 
He was an elder of the church, 

And a weaver to his trade. 
These words gave comfort unto him 
AVhen God's word he did read — 
If that the Son did make him free. 
He should be free indeed. 
Alexr. Bell, tenant, Kirkton, d. 1759, a. 78 : — 
I lived almost eighty years. 
Within this vale of tears ; 
At last cold death on me laid hands, 
Whome every mortal fears. 
And hath my body here enclosed 
Within this grave of earth ; 
When Christ's last trumpet gives the call 
T shall come forth in mirth. 
When to his heaven he shall mc bring, 
With songs of melody, 

I shall his praises ever sing. 
To all eternity. 
Upon the face of a table -shaped tombstone : — 

1800 : Erected by Geo. Brown, shipmaster, Dundee, 
in memory of his father, brothers, and sister. His 
father James Brown, late farmer of Balmedown, 

died 26 March 1785, aged 62 j^ears 

His brothers, James, died 9 March 1788, aged 25 
years ; John died 28 March 1795, aged 32 years : — 
While here on earth John did remain. 
He liv'd at peace with every man ; 
And yet a Murderer took his life — 
But all comes from his Maker's hand. 
While on this earth they lived hear. 

They serv'd the Lord with all their mind ; 
Now in the heav'ns we hope they sing. 
Where man and angels are combin'd. 
On north edge of same : — 

Farewell, vain world, Iv' had enough of thee. 

Now carles what thou sayest of me ; 

Thy love I court not, nor thy frown I fear. 

My days are past, my head lies cover'd here ; 

If fault in me, be sure take care to shun. 

Look to yo'rself, for to death you soon must come. 

When the burial-ground of Strathmartin was 
enclosed, and subsequently in the course of digging 
graves, the different fragments of sculptured stones 
were discovered which are now to be seen at the 
Kirktown. The largest of these, which bears the 
representation of two serpents, was found in the 
bottom of a grave in 1813, and through the good 
offices of the present venerable schoolmaster, it 
was placed in its present position. In connection 
with this and the sculptured stones, which stand 
near Strathmartin Castle, and upon the farm of 
Balkello, in Tealing, and not at Ballutheron, as 
is commonly said, there is an interesting legend. 
Though well known, it may be briefly repeated. 

Long, long ago, the farmer of Pitempan had 
nine pretty daughters. One day their father 
thirsted for a drink from his favourite well, which 
was in a marsh at a short distance from the house. 
The fairest of the nine eagerly obeyed her father's 
wish, by running to the spring. Not returning 
within a reasonable time, a second went in quest 



of her sister. She, too, tarried so long, that an- 
other volunteered, when the same result happened 
to her, and to five other sisters in succession. At 
last the ninth sister went to the spring, and there, 
to her horror, beheld among the bulrushes, the 
dead bodies of her sisters guarded by a dragon ! 
Before she was able to escape, she too fell into the 
grasp of the monster ; but not until her cries had 
brought people to the spot. Amongst these was 
her lover, named Martin, who, after a long 
struggle with the dragon, which was carried on 
from Pitempan to Balkello, he succeeded in 
conquering the monster. It is told that jNIartiu's 
sweetheart died from injuries or fright ; and the 
legend adds, that in consequence of this tragedy, 
the spring at Pitempan was named the Nine Maiden 
Well; and the sculptured stone at Strathmartin, 
also St. Martin's Stane, at Balkello, were erected 
by the inhabitants to commemorate the event. 

It is further asserted that the incentive cry of 
Strike, Martin ! by the maiden to her lover, when 
he first encountered the monster, gave name to 
the district; while the following rhyme is popu- 
larly believed to indicate the cause of the dragon's 
rapaciousuess, and the progress of the conflict be- 
tween it and the victor : — 

It was tempit at Pitempan, 

Draiglet at Ba'dragon, 

Stricken at Strickmartin, 

An' kill'd at Martin's Stane ! 

People still alive in the parish recollect of nine 
graves, near the east end of the old kirk of Strath- 
martin, which were pointed out as those of 
the nine sisters ; and it is uniformly added that 
the stone with two serpents carved upon it stood 
at the head of these mounds. I am also told tliat 
no interments have been made in these graves dur- 
ing the recollection of the oldest inhabitants. 

So much for tradition. Probably this inter- 
esting romance was an after thought, and may 
have been founded upon the fact of serpents and 
certain nondescript animals being represented 
upon the stones at the Kirktown and Balkello. 
In addition to this, we know that the church was 
dedicated to S. Martin ; and that there was a 
chapel in Strathdichtie, which was inscribed to 

the saints, known as the Nine Maidens, The 
latter place of devotion may have stood at 
Pitempan, since the Irish words Pit-teamp-an 
signify a small church, or temple situated in a hol- 
low. To indulge further in etymological specu- 
lation, one might trace the origin of the name 
of Baldragon to the Irish Bal-dreighan, a town or 
place abounding in black thorn, or sloe bushes. 

The fatal well, which is about 100 yards from 
the reputed site of the old farm-house of Pitem- 
jjan, and on the south side of the burn, was 
recently covered by a flagstone. The well at Bal- 
dragon, situated in a hollow below the farm-house, 
remains open ; and Martin's Stane, where the 
serpent is said to have been killed, stands upon 
Balkello farm, embellished with a transfixed serpent. 
Another stone, with "the elephant," and other 
carvings common to such relics of antiquity, is in 
a dyke near Strathmartin Castle ; and a number 
of fragments of the same interesting class have 
been found from time to time in the kirkyard. 

The Dichty, which runs through the united 
parishes, is bridged in various places. Two of the 
bridges were erected through the influence of 
Admiral Laird, and one by the Corporation of 
Bakers, Dundee, all before 1794. 

The Rev. David Maxwell, " minister and 
chief heritor of Strathmartin," who died 6 June 
1774, left the interest of £100 sterling for the 
education of four poor scholars ; but, like many 
similar bequests, through mismanagement or other- 
wise, this has been long lost to the jmrish, Mr 
Maxwkll, who was one of the last descendants ■ 
of the old lairds of Tealiug, was translated to 
Strathmartin from Essie and Nevayin 1751. He 
left two daughters, who were long annuitants upon 
the estate of Strathuuirtin. 

iTJfJHE kirk of Ochtirles and its pertinents were 
<& confirmed to Edward, Bishop of Aberdeen, 
by Pope Adrian IV., in 1157. It was a parsonage 



belonging to Old Maclicir, of which cathedral the 
parson was chanter. 

According to Dempster, S. Donan's staff, 
which was long preserved at Auchterless, cured 
fever and jaundice ; but was destroyed at the 
Reformation, S. Donan's fair stood at the 
Kirktown of Auchterless. The bell bears : — 

PETER , lANSEK . ANNO . DM . 1G44. 

The church, built in 1780, was repaired in 1832. 
In the east end of it are two wood carvings. One 
bears a fess between three boars' heads erased, 
possibly for Gordon, the other quarterly, a lion 
rampant, and three papingoes, for Ogilvy of 
Dunlugas, dated 1644, and initialed P. G : I. O. 

The Duffs of Hatton have a mausoleum, or aisle, 
on the south-west of the church, adorned with 
their arms and motto, &c. Three marble monu- 
ments, built into the north wall of the church, 
refer to this family. The first inscription quoted 
below relates to the first Duff of llattou (i'. p. 

To the memory of Alexander Duff, Esq. of 
Hatton, born 1 Jan. 1688, died 27 Dec. 1753 ; and of 
Katherin Duff, his spouse, who died 23 Dec. 1758, 
aged 75. Also in memory of their son, John Duff, 
Esq. of Hatton, born 14 Jan. 1727, died 2 Aug. 
1787 ; and of his spouse Helen Duff, born 21 June 
1744, died 2 Oct. 1802. There are also interred of 
their family here, Alexander Duff, Esq. of 
Hatton, their eldest son ; two sons named John ; 
two daughters named Bathia ; two daughters 
named Ann, and a daughter named Katharine. 
On left of the above : — 

To the memory of Alexander Duff, Esq. of 
Hatton, born 26 March 1718, died 3 Nov. 1764, 
who, to a native goodness of heart, sweetness of 
disposition, and universal benevolence, joined the 
social virtues of the husband, father, and friend. 
This marble is inscribed by the Lady Anne Duff his 
widow, 1765. 

On right of last quoted : — 

To the memory of John Duff, eldest son of 
Garden Duff, Esq. of Hatton, born 14 June 1807, 
died 27 April 1829, whose goodness of heart, and 
amiable disposition, endeared him to his family, 
and all who knew him. 

— Dying unmarried, John Duff was succeeded in 
Hatton by the father of the gentleman named in 
the next inscription, which is carved upon a neat 
cross of white marble : — 

Garden-William Duff of Hatton, died 17 Sep. 
1866, aged 52. 

From tombstones in churchyard of Auchter- 
less : — • 

Hear lyes ane very honest man called Georg 

Uamsay, who de]parted lyfe to blessed 

eternity Ag. 10, 1685. 

In hope of a blessed resurrection, here lyes in- 
tei-red the body of louN Downie, sometime mer- 
chant in Kirktown of Auchterless, who departed 
this life the first day of lanuaiy 1754, in the 52 
year of his age. His spouse Elspet Murdoch, 
died Jan. 19, 1770, aged 77. 

Here lyes ane honest man Alex. Co . . some- 
tyme in Kirktoun of Auchterless, who dyed Aprill 
2, 1719 ; and Elspet Broun, his spouse who 


Geo. Sandison, Petts, Fyvie, hd. of Barbara 
Eeedford, d. 1782, a. 34 :— 

Silent grave, to thee I trust, 
This precious pile of worthy dust ; 
Keep it safe, sacred tomb, 
Until a wife, or child, shall ask for room. 
Upon a headstone : — 

Adam Maitland, late servant in Cushnie. He 
was deaf and dumb from his birth, yet the ready 
and intelligible manner in which he communicated 
by signs his ideas on a great variety of subjects 
clearly proved that Mind may exist when neither 
Speech nor Hearing are bestowed by the Author of 
our Being. He died 9 Jan. 1822, aged 68. Erected 
by Andrew Jamieson in Cushnie, in memory of a 
man who had faithfully served his father and him 
for upwards of forty years. 
Near the above : — 

Rebecca Paterson, died 23 March 1819, aged 
88. As a small tribute of respect for the fidelity 
with which she discharged her duty as a servant 
in his family for three generations, and during the 
long period of 80 years, this stone is erected to her 
memory by Andrew Jamieson, Cushnie. 
— Hector Jamieson is described as " grassman,'» 
or cottager, on the farm of Cushnie in 1696 and 



John Patorson was the name of the principal ser- 
vant on the farm. There were several Maitlands 
in the parish at the same time, as tenant- 
farmers, weavers, &c. In south wall of church : — 
Near this stone are deposited the remains of 
George Barclay, M.D., ijhysician to the Aber- 
deen Infirmary, who died 20 Dec. 1S19, aged 27. 
Endowed with a cheerful, mild, and affectionate 
disposition ; respected for his talents and acquire- 
ments, and for zeal and benevolence in his pro- 
fession ; his early death was the occasion not only 
of sorrow to his friends, but of regret to the com- 
munity in which he lived. 

Built into the church wall, upon the right, and 
outside of east door :— 

►J- Sacred to the memory of Mrs Elizabeth 
Roberts, late of Darra, in the parish of Turriff. 
Died 18 April 1834, aged 68. Erected by her 
affectionate brother, George Patei'son, of the Island 
of Grenada, West Indies, 1838. 

George and Robert Middleton (1816) : — 
Once lovely youths. 
Called from this lowly state away, 
Ere they the prime of life had seen ; 
Who met their end without dismay. 
Because their lives had blameless been. 

A table-shaped stone bears : — 

James CRUiCKSHAi^K, in Toukshill, died 13 Jan. 
1814, aged 71. His mother, Margaret Topp, died 
1709, aged 64. He endowed a bursary at King's 
College, another at Marischal College, each of £20 
a-j^ear, and astricted to the names of Cruickshank 
and Tapp or Topp, or otherwise to accumulate ; and 
left handsome charities and legacies to his friends. 
Inscribed in testimony of respect to the said James 
Cruickshank in Toukshill, New Deer, by Alex. 
Cruickshank, in Middlehill, his nephew, 1818. 

Built into outside wall of church : — 

Here ly Christin Haures, spouse to Mr Alex. 
Ross, min''. at Achterles, vho departed this life Oct. 
5th 1710, and of her age 22. Also James, Isobell, 
and Kaih : Rosses, his children by Eliz: Ogilvie, 
his 2d spouse. She dy'd May 17, 1720. 

Upon a lying stone : — 

Rev. Alexander Rose, died 7 Dec in 

. . . year of his age, and 17th of his ministry. 

Upon a marble within the church : — 

The Rev. George Dingwall, the faithful minister 
of this parish for the long period of 50 years, was 
born at Smallburn, Auchterless, 3d March 1786, 
died 15 January 1862. 

— Mr D. left two bursaries of £4 10s each to the 
school of Auchterless, also one of £15 to the Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen. He was the son of a farmer 
at Smallburn, where his ancestors had long re- 

A conspicuous monument bears an inscription, 
of which the following is an abridgement: — • 

William Chalmers, late in Kirktown of Auch- 
terless, born 22 June 1720, died 14 April 1804. 
Marjory Thomson, his spouse, died Sep. 15, 1806, 
aged 80, &c. A son, John, born 28 Aug. 1760, 
died 4 Feb. 1805. A daughter Margaret, born 26 
Sep. 1767, died 10 Feb. 1827. Other three sons, 
James, A.M., born 25 April 1763, died 22 July 
1846 ; Alexander, born 2 May 1765, died 13 Sep. 
1848 ; and George, died at Turriff, 9 April 1852, 
aged 96. 

— The three last-named in the above inscription 
erected "Chalmers' Infant School" at Turriff, 
and endowed it with £20 annually. They also 
left about £300 a-year to various public charities 
in Aberdeen, &c. The first brother was a mer- 
chant in Auchterless, the second a farmer there, 
and the third a stocking merchant, &c., in Aber- 

An old religious house, dedicated to S. Mary, 
stood near the farm house of Seggat, beside the 
Holy Well, which was much frequented by the 
superstitious, and where votive offerings were fre- 
c^uently deposited. There was also a burial ground ; 
but no tombstones remain. 

Stone circles, three of which (concentric) are 
at Kirkhill, were at one time pretty common in 
the parish. 

In the reign of Alex. III. the barony of Seggat 
was valued at 15 merks ; and that of Auchterless 
was held on the reddendo of paying a sparrow 
hawk annually. Of the last property, Alex, (son 
and heir apparent of Irvine of Drum), and his 
wife, Janet AUardice, had a charter in 1499. 



Before that date Auchterless belonged to Demp- 
sters, a family that long held the property of 
Careston in Angus, as hereditary doomsters to 
the Scotch kings, also the office of justiciary to the 
Abbots of Arbroath. 

Of this family was Thomas Dempster (v. TuR- 
■riff), who records in his Ecclesiastical History of 
Scotland, that Malcolm Ardes, a Carmelite 
friar, who flourished early in the 14th century, 
and wrote an account of the battle of Falkirk, &c., 
belonged to Auchterless. Also James Laing, 
whom (in speaking of the Popish writers against 
Knox), Dr McCrie characterises as the " most im- 
pudent of all liars !'' Of a different type was 
Henry Scougal, who resigned the chair of Phi- 
losophy at Aberdeen, and retired to Auchterless, 
from which, after recruited health, he became 
Professor of Divinity in the same University. His 
tombstone is in the College-Kirk at Aberdeen. 

It was at Auchterless, on 12th January 1775, 
that Peter Garden died at the age of 131. The 
Scots Macjazlne remarks that he retained his 
memory and senses to the last, and lived under 
ten sovereigns. (?) .... It is also said that he 
saw Henry Jenkins in London, who died in 
1670, aged 169, who, when young, carried arrows 
to be used by the English at Flodden. A now rare 
portrait of Garden was painted by James Walls, 
and engraved by H. Gavin. 


BISHOP DAVID of St Andrews, in the year 
1213, dedicated the church of Logij^ under 
the name of " Logic Cuthil," In the Register of 
IMinisters (1574), it is called " Logymontrois," 
at which time, along with the kirks of Pert, Men- 
inure, and Fearn, it was served by one clergyman. 
Mr William Gray, of whom the celebrated James 
Melville speaks so highly in his Diary, was then 

The churches of Logic and Pert were first pro- 
posed to be united in 1645, but it was not until 
1661 that the union was ratified by Act of Par- 
liament. Down to 1775, both church fabrics were 
maintained and served (probably alternately) by 
one minister. The present church of the united 
parish, rebuilt in 1840, stands nearly half way 
between the old places of worship. The patronage 
of Logic belonged to the Archbishop of St. 
Andrews, and that of the united j^arish is alter- 
nately exercised by the Crown and St Mary's 
College, St Andrews. 

The old kirk and burial-ground have a secluded 
and romantic site upon the west side of the North 
Esk, and there the principal scene of George 
Beattie's poeiu of " John o' Arnha" is laid. 
S. Martin's Den (near which stands a Free 
Church, called "the Den Kirk"), preserves, along 
with a spring well, the name of the titular saint 
of the parish. 

Until the old church was restored as a burial- 
place for the Carnegys of Craigo, little more re- 
mained of it than parts of the south, north, and 
east walls. It appears to have been a sixteenth cen- 
tury building, with three lancet windows, or 
lights in the east end, and an arched doorway on 
the south. The old awmbry, much defaced, is 
preserved in the north wall. The restoration of 
the building, which is in the Decorated style, has 
been done with much taste. Lights have been 
inserted in the south wall ; and, in the west, or 
entrance end, round the arch of the door, in raised 
antique Roman capitals, is this text :— 

I am the resurrection and the life : he that be- 
lieveth in me, though dead, yet shall he live. 

Over the doorway are two shields, one charged 
with the Carnegy arms, the other with those of 
Grant and Macpherson, quarterly : the Carnegy 
eagle (in allusion to the founder of the family 
having been a churchman), bears an open book, 
instead of a cup, upon the breast. Over the 
shields is the date of the restoration of the building, 
1857, also a triangular window near the middle 
of the gable. Neat stone crosses are upon each 
of the gable points ; and the interior displays a 
roof of open timber. Near the middle of the 

D D 



north wall, a marble tablet, set iu light coloured 
freestone, is thus inscribed : — 

Here lie the remains of Thomas Carnegy of 
Craigo, Esq. ; and of Mary Carnegy, his spouse. 
He died 9th June 1793, aged G4, and was sur- 
vived by his Widow for many years, which she 
devoted to the exemplary j)erformance of all the 
duties of an aCfcctionate mother. She died 20th 
Novr. 1815, aged 65, leaving in the minds of her 
children the greatest love and admiration of her 
many virtues, and an earnest wish to profit by her 
example. Their second daughter, Elizabeth, wife 
of the Hon. Lord Gillies, has erected this monu- 
ment as a testimony of her affection and gratitude 
to her Parents. 

— Mrs C. was the secoud daughter of James 
Gardyue of Middleton. A flat slab in north-east 
of the aisle covers the graves of her son and his 
wife, a sister of Sir Geo. M. Grant of Ballin- 
dalloch : — 

David Carnegy of Craigo, bom 9 March 1776, 
died 10th Nov. 1845. Mrs Carnegy of Craigo, 
born — Sep. 1779, died 24th Sept. 1856. 

On south of last mentioned : — 

Mary Carnegy, second daughter of David 
Carnegy of Craigo, born 4th May 1811, died 23d 
Feb. 1847. 

A third slab, in front of the marble monument, 
bears this record of the last male descendant of 
the Carnegys of Craigo : — 

Thomas Carnegy of Craigo, born 9th March 
1804, died 12th June 1856. 

— As before shown (v. p. 90), the founder of the 
Craigo Carnegys was David, miuLster at Farnell. 
He had a sou, Robert " expectant," who preached 
occasionally, but the Presbytery found such fault 
with him iu not " exerciseing when his turn is," 
and as he gave no satisfactory excuse, except 
that he had occasion to go "about weigh tie 
affaires," he appears to have lost the kirk of 
Farnell, to which, on 1st May 1673, Mr John 
Lamy was translated from Maryton. The last- 
named Thomas Carnegy left the property to 
his cousin Thomas Grant, W.S., Edinburgh, son of 
Sir George Macpherson-Grant of Ballindalloch. 

The tombstones iu the burial ground arc few 

iu number, and of modern date. Possibly the 
oldest, which is much effaced, lies at the east end 
of the kirk, and bears to have covered the grave 
of a " religious man." The three following in- 
scriptions are from other gravestones : — 

Robert Findlay, Tolmants, hd. to Margt. Read, 
d. 1742, a. 60 :— 

All who pass by, behould survie. 

Think on this afull shrine ; 
Hers moistie bons and broken skuls, 

And graves all over green. 
But whers the souls, those deathless things 

That left these bodies hear ? 
Ise not give ansuer, but reffer 
Till Christ our lord appeir. 
James Croll, Law of Craigo, d. 1728, a. 21 : — 
Faith makes vs sones and hcres to the most high. 
Faith leads to gloriovs immortallity ; 
By faith the povr of Satan wee defie, 
If on Christ's merits wee by faith relic ; 
And if trv faith wnto the end endvre 
Yovr evidence for Heauen is good and sur. 
Alexander Valentine, d. 1794, a 60 ; his wf. 
Janet Cairo, d. 1823, a. 92 :— 

My friends in Christ that are above, 

Them will I go and see ; 
And thou my friends in Christ below, 
^Yill soon come after me. 

Mr Wm. Cruden, sometime minister of Logic- 
Pert, was the author of at least two volumes, one 
of Hymns (Aberd. 1761), the other, Nature Spi- 
ritualised, in a variety of poems (Lond. 1766). 

(S. .) 

THE old kirk of Pert is a picturesque ruin by 
the side of the turnpike road from Brechin 
to Laurencekirk. Possibly the church and parish 
were erected by Superintendent Erskiue of Dun, 
to whom the greater part of the district belonged 
in property, and iu whose time the kirk is first 



The bell, which is preserved in the belfry, is 
inscribed, Pert 1704. The south-west skew-put 
stone of the kirk has the odd figure of a hammer 
incised upon it ; and, from the style of tlie build- 
ing, the ruins appear to be those of the kirk of 
Erskine's time. 

Though undistinguished, the ashes of John 
Falcon EU, who was Bishop of Brechin from 
1709. repose here. He was a cadet of the noble 
family of Halkerton, died at Inglismaldie July 6, 
1723, and is described as " a good and grave man 
and very modest, tall, black, and stooi^ing." 

Seven separate stones, which appear to have 
been pillars or supports of a table -shaped tomb, 
lie in the burial-ground. The carvings are date- 
less, but clearly the work of the 18th century. 
They bear respectively tlie words quoted below, 
and the emblems, &c., described : — 


— The figure of a thistle follows the above words. 
Below the following quotation from Horace the 
sower of the parable is represented : — 



— The figures of death, a dart, a scythe, and a 
coffin, are carved after the next :— 


— Alongside of Adam and Eve at the forbid- 
den tree : — 


is represented striking the rock. A harp and lily 
accompany the figure, and name of — 


upon the seventh stone is the word, 


The chief priest wears a mitre, breastplate, and 
a long robe ; and carries a censer suspended from 
the end of Aaruii's Rod: The rod is represented as 
a round-headed, short, knotty stick. 

A burial vault or aisle is on the north of the 

church, and a marble tablet, within the ruins, is 
inscribed to 

Mary Allardice, daughter of James Allardice, 
Esq. of that Ilk, in the Mearns, second wife of 
James Macdonald, Esq., long sheriff-substitute of 
that county, and only son of Thomas Macdonald, 
advocate, Aberdeen. She died at Inglismaldie, 
4 January ISOl, in the 75th year of her age. The 
said James Macdonald died 23 August 1809, aged 
83. They lived upwards of forty-two years together 
in greatest happiness, and in the practice of every 
Christian virtue, beloved and revered by their 
family, and by all who knew them. This stone is 
erected by their only daughter Mary, only sur- 
viving child of six children, and wife of Charles 
Ogilvy, Esq. of Tannadice. Also, here lyes the 
body of Margaret Ogilvy, daughter of the above 
Charles Ogilvy, and Mary Macdonald, who died 
25 Oct. 1805, aged 3 weeks. 

— Mary Allardice (whose mother was a daughter 
of Milne of Balwyllo, provost of Montrose), was 
aunt of Saraii-Ann Allardice, who married 
Robert Barclay of Urie (v. p. 83). In 1785, 
Mrs Barclay was served eldest nearest lawful heir 
portioner of AVm. the last Earl of Airth and Mou- 
teith, brother of her great-great-grandmother. 
Mi-s Barclay, divorced in 1793, afterwards mar- 
ried John Nudd ; and dying in 1833, aged 78, 
was buried at Sprcwston in Norfolk. (Sir II. 
Nicolas' Earldom of Strathern, &c., p. 119.) Mr 
Ogilvy of Tannadice was the son of a physician in 
Forfar (v. pp. 11, 33). 

So far as I have seen the following is tlie oldest 
dated inscription at Pert : — 

16G2 Heir lyes Iannet Gorme, somtym spovs 
to lames Strahavchn, vho depairtcd in the year of 
God the 28 of Decembr. 

An adjoining tombstone possibly belongs to 
the same race. It bears : — 

Here lyes Robert Willack, who departed this 
life in the year 1705, of his age 67, Agust 10 
.... Margret Smith and Isabel Stkachan his 

Upon a table-shaped stone, dated 1G64 ;— 

Beneath this stone coverd is the body of Ihone 
Robertson, bvt that pairt vhich better is, avay to 



Haven is gone. The patlie of Death is to be trodn 
by al and every one, vho in the earth doe dvol ; bvt 
faith it overcomes. .... 

Alex. Rennv's wife (1696) :— 

Mors certa est, incerta dies, hora agnita nuUi ; 
Extremam quare quamlibet esse puta. 
— Eccl. xii. 7, here follows cut in Hebrew cha- 
racters, then this translation of the preceding : — 
FraU man, uncertain is thy death, 

Uncertain is thy day ; 
Non knovs the hor of his last breath, 
Then look for it alvay. 
Here lyes Iames Hodgston, who departed this 
lyfe in the year 1720, of his age SO, Octob. 12 day, 
and of WiLiAM Hodgston, his son, and Ianet 
FvLERTON his spovse. 

A headstone, within an enclosure, belongs to a 
family named Buchanan, farmers, North Water 
Bridge. The first recorded died in 1751, aged 
70 ; the last in 1845, aged 80. Upon one side is a 
circle, with four grotesquely shaped male figures : 
their feet are turned towards the circle, and over 
their respective heads are the words : — 



— Angels blowing trumpets are also represented ; 
and this couplet carved upon a ribbon : — 
The trumpet shall sound, the dead shall rise, 
To meet Christ Jesus in the skies. 
John, son of Robert Grey, d. 1755, a. 20 :— 
Ingenious youth, he's gone. 
Oh, thou resistless fate: 
Hei-e virtues in him shone 
Not feigned, but innate. 
Great happiness we trust 
Rewards his pietie ; 
And raisd will be his Dust 
Years endless bhst to be. 
John Durward on his "relations." (1804) :— 
Here rests together on the lap of earth 
The Sire, the Father, and the Infant Child, 
To teach survivmg friends in this their day 
To shun the things of time, and look to Heav'n. 
Alex. Kirkland, st. of divinity, d. 1822, a. 19 :— 
Whose turn is next ? this monitory stone, 
rroclaims, oh ! Reader, 'tis perhaps thine own ; 

No beauty, strength — can stay the fatal doom. 
No virtue, worth — prevent the op'ning tomb ; 
Then trust in him whose arm is strong to save 
Who gives thee hope beyond the closing grave. 
Within an enclosure at east end of ruins : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Lvall, Esq. of 
Gallery, who died 20 March 1851, aged 87. 
— Mr Lyall, whose paternal name was Gibson, in- 
herited the estate of Gallery through an uncle 
(v. p. 90). Sometime before 1576, the barony 
of Galraw, in Angus, belonged to the Lords 
Oliphant ; but in less than a century afterwards 
Lord Halkerton was proprietor. The house, 
which is pleasantly situated near the North Esk, 
is said to have been erected by Fullerton, a cadet 
of the Kinaber family. Near the west wall of 
the burial ground at Pert : — 

Erected by the United Presbyterian Congi-egation 
of Muirton, to the memory of the Rev. James 
Renwick, who was 23 years and 7 mouths pastor 
of that congregation. Died 22 Oct. 1845, in the 
60th year of his age. 

"A workman that needeth not be ashamed." 
— At Muirton (now Luthermuir, in the parish of 
Mary kirk), there has been a Seceder church from 
an early period. 

Near the last-meutioued tombstone another is 
inscribed : — 

This monument was erected by Ann Lunau, in 
memory of her Brother, the Revd. Master Alex- 
ander LuNAN, here interred, who was Presbyter 
of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, fii-st at Blair- 
daff, and last at RosehiU, where he departed this 
life on the 29tli Sept. 1769, aged 66 years. [Job 
xix. 26.] 

— Mr Lunan was ordained at Aberdeen by Bishop 
Gdderar, 28th October 1729, preached his first 
sermon from John xii. 35, in the meeting house at 
Wartle, on the Sabbath thereafter ; and, on 9th 
Nov. following, he entered upon his duties in a 
heath -covered place of worship at Blairdaff, in the 
parish of Chapel of Garioch. On 28th October 
1730, he received orders as a Presbyter ; and his 
congregation appears to have been not only highly 
respectable as regards the status of its members, 
but also in point of numbers, for, according to IMr 



Lunan's MS. Diary (now before us), he was in 
the habit of dispensing the Sacrament to from 
270 to 300 persons annually. But though his 
labours were thus successful, since his successor 
(even after a remonstrance on his own part 
and on that of the Bishop), only succeeded in 
getting forty members of the congregation at 
Blairdaff to bind themselves to give him a dwell- 
ing house and a money stipend of 234 merks yearly, 
or about £13 sterling, it is not hkely that Mr 
Lunan's salary had been much better. 

It was in April 1744, that Mr Lunan received 
a call from the congregation at North Water 
Bridge. It was subscribed by Lord Halkerton, 
the lairds of Balmakewan, Gallery, and Stra- 
cathro ; and Mr Lunan made his " first appear- 
ance amongst them" on the 23d of that month, 
having read prayers, and preached at Gallery, 
from Job xxii. 21. There being no church at the 
time of Mr Lunan's induction, the congregation 
of North Water Bridge assembled " in Dalidies, 
a house belonging to Stricathrow," where they 
continued to meet until the 26th of August there- 
after, when their own place of worship was 
opened, upon which occasion Mr Lunan " spoke 
to the people" in brief, but suitable terms. There 
Mr Lunan continued to discharge the duties of 
his sacred office with faithfulness and acceptance 
down to the time of his death. Of the 2G3 males 
and 244 females whom Mr Lunan baptised in his 
time, he performed the last of these ceremonies in 
his own house at Rosehill on the 3d of August 
preceding his demise. Mr Lunan's father was 
Episcopal minister at Daviot in Aberdeenshire, 
and wrote a 4to volume on the Mystery of Man's 
Redemption (Edin. 1712), which he dedicated to 
Sir James Elphinstone of Logie, bart. 

Next to the old kirk, the chief object of general 
interest in Pert, is the bridge which crosses the 
North Esk. It consists of three arches, and is 
supposed to have been originally built by Super- 
intendent Erskine of Dun, who died in 1591. 
Near the south-west end, a tablet bears the Royal 
arms of Scotland, with the motto, 


— Upon the north-west are the Erskine arms, 
below which, 


Wodrow says that this bridge was used as a 
sort of prison for the Covenanters, when on their 
way from the west of Scotland to Dunottar 
Castle in 1685, and that soldiers were posted at 
both ends of the bridge to prevent escape. Some 
writers aver that there were no parapets upon 
the bridge at that time ; but this appears to be a 
mistake, since, in 1669, David Erskine, then laird 
of Dun, appHed to Parharaent to be allowed to 
levy custom or toll for the bridge, with the view 
of placing " ston rails and ledges" upon it, and 
putting it into a generally good state of repair. 
For this he was permitted to exact certain pay- 
ments for the space of twenty years, from " each 
foot persone carying burden," and for all "bes- 
tiall, loads, and others, . . . that shall happen to 
croce the said North water Bridge." (Acta Pari, 
vii. 654.) The necessary repairs and improve- 
ments had been made before Mr Ochterlony 
wrote (c. 1682), for he says that the bridge, 
" built by one of the Lairds of Dun, but not 
altogether finished, [had] raills put upon the same 
of very good hevven stone, amounting to a great 
expence, by the present Laird of Dun." 

Before the Marykirk Bi-idge was built (v. p. 
138), there was a ferry boat at Craigo. 

A great fair or market was held at the North 
Water Bridge in old times upon Sundays as well 
as week days. The Brechin Presbytery Re- 
cords (Oct. 12, 1643), state that " the Sabbath 
was profaned by ane market holden at the North 
Water Brig ;" at which the Presbytery were so 
alarmed that they ordained Mr Montgomerie, 
then minister of Pert, " to take notice off those 
that frequents that market, and acquaint ther 
ministers therewith, that they may be punished 
as Sabbath breakers." 

It was in this locality, in a clay-built cottage, 
removed not many years ago, that James Mill, 
father of John Stuart Mill, the celebrated political 
economist, was born. Mr Mill, who died at Lon- 
don, was buried in the vault underneath the 
parish church of St Mary Abbots, Kensington, 



Middlesex. A marble tablet, iu the south aisle of 
the church, is thus inscribed : — 

To the memory of James Mill, Esquire, author 
of "History of British India," "Analysis of the 
Human Mind," aud other works. Born April G, 
1773, died June 23, 1836, and buried near this place. 

(IU t « t It 1 1, 

ISpilE kirk of Creythyn, or Crclhi/, belonged to 
M> the Abbey of Cambuskenueth. In 1606, 
the kirk and kirk lands were given to the Earl of 
Mar, as part of the temporal lordship of that 

The time of the union of the parishes of Crathie 
and Kindrochet (now Braemar), is not quite clear. 
In 1574 both churches were vacant ; and the 
readers were respectively named John Wilson and 
James Play. 

The ruins of the old kirk stand v/ithin the 
burial-ground of Crathie, on the north bank of 
the Dee. A new place of worship was erected 
upon a rising ground on the north side of the 
turnpike road. It is a plain square building, 
with pavilion roof; and, when resident at Bal- 
moral, IIkr Majesty and suite attend Divine 
service in it. There is a neat Free Church, near 
Lochnagar, on the south side of the Dee. 

A monument set up against the east wall of the 
Farquharson burial aisle, in old kirkyard, bears 
the date of 1702, and the initials R. H : E. 2E. 
The Farquliarson aisle (at the east end of the old 
kirk), contains three tablets, inscribed as under- 
noted : — 

1699 : Within these walls lie the remains of 
Alexander Farquharson of Monaltrie ; John and 
Francis, both of Monaltrie, his sons ; Robert, his 
youngest son, and several other children, who died 
in their infancy. Here also are interred Anne Far- 
quharson, the wife of Alexander ; Anne Ogilvie, 
the wife of John ; and Isobel Keith and Helen 
Baird, the wives of Robert. As also, Amelia, 

Francis, and James, the children of Robert and 
Helen Baird. For their memory this stone is 
erected with the warmest filial and fraternal affec- 
tion by WiUiam Farquarson of Monaltrie. 1808. 

— The first Farquharson of Monaltrie was Do- 
nald, Cson of Donald Farchar, eldest son of Fiiila 
Mo}-), forest ranger to Jas. VI., and bailie of 
Strathdee to the 4th Earl of Huntly. Donald 
exchanged his patrimony of Castleton of Brae- 
mar, for that of Monaltrie, with the Earl of 
Mar about 1600. His son, also Donald, having 
been appointed bailie of Strathdee in his father's 
lifetime, was surnamed Donald Oig, or Donald, 
junior. Donald Oig was the most famous of his 
race in the traditions of Deeside, not only from 
the part he took in the Civil Wars as chief of his 
clan, but as bailie to the Marquis of Huntly ; and 
Spalding relates, in speaking of his slaughter at 
Aberdeen (15 March 1G45), that he was " a brave 
gentilman, and aue of the noblest capitans amongis 
all the hielanderis of Scotland." His eldest son 
entered the French service and died abroad ; the 
second succeeded to the property, and, when an 
old man, about the year 1700, pecuniary straits 
compelled him to sell Monaltrie to Alexander, 
younger son of Farquharson of Invercauld. It is 
this Alexander (the first of the second race of 
the Farqubarsous of Monaltrie), who is the first 
named in the above inscription. This branch, of 
which there were four lairds, held Monaltrie for 
three generations. The most famous of these was 
Francis (2d son of Alexander), who commanded 
his clan at Culloden, where he was taken prisoner. 
He was conveyed to London, tried, and con- 
demned to death ; but, on the evening preceding 
the day appoiuted for his execution, he received a 
reprieve, aud ultimately a pardon, without know- 
ing to whose kind intercession he was indebted. 
His hair, from the light colour of which he was 
known as Baron Ban, hung over his shoulders iu 
long flaxen curls ; and by the grace thus added to 
his handsome person, it is said that a lady of in- 
fluence at Court was captivated, and procured the 
timely respite which saved his life. He was suc- 
ceeded in Monaltrie by his nephew William, who 
purchased Ballatcr and Tullich from the last of 



the Inverey Farqulaarsons. lu 1827 he sold 
Monaltrie to Invercauld, to which family, as next 
of kin, William Farquharson's whole estate de- 
volved, on the death of his widow, (v. p. 107). 

Erected A. D. 1824 by James Farquharson Esq. 
Balnabodach, Sacred to the memory of James 
Farquharson of Tullochcoy, who died in 1760 ; 
and his spouse May Farquharson, who died 1729, 
Peter Farquharson of Tullochcoy, born 1733, 
died 1801 ; Isabella Forbes, his spouse, Ijorn 1733, 
died 1780. George, Francis, and Donald, their 
sons, the former died 1787, the two latter in their 
infancy. James and Katherine, son and daughter 
of James Farquharson, Balnabodach and Tullochcoy, 
The son died in 1805, the daughter in 1807, Ann, 
daughter of James Farquharson of Balnabodach, 
and wife of Dr Robertson, who died at Indego, 
31 August 1842, aged 34. 

— James F. of Inverey, a younger brother of 
Donald, first of Monaltrie, was ancestor of the 
Tullochcoy branch of the clan. He took an active 
part in Montrose's Wars, and after the slaughter 
of his nephew, Donald Oi(j, at Aberdeen, he com- 
manded the Deeside Highlanders, and was at the 
battle of Alford, to the success of which he ma- 
terially contributed. His wife was Agnes Fer- 
guson, daughter of the minister of Crathie, by 
whom he had a large family. To his son Lewis 
he gave the property of Auchendryne, and to James 
that of Tullochcoy, in Aberarder. The latter 
married Agnes Ochterlony, daughter of the minis- 
ter of Fordoun, in the Mearns, and built a new 
mansion house at Tullochcoy, upon a lintel of 
which, still extant, are carved in relief : — 

I, F. : A. O. 1693, 

— Their son, James (who died in 1760), married 
a daughter of Monaltrie ; and it is a tradition 
that Tullochcoy having joined the Farquharsons 
at CuUoden with seven sons, he and they all fell in 
battle, and the succession devolved upon the 
above Peter, when a boy, in 1746. Peter's wife 
was a daughter of John Forbes of Newe ; and 
about 1770 Peter sold Tullochcoy to Farquharson 
of Invercauld. Late in life he removed to Belna- 
bodach, in Strathdon, a farm which some of his 

descendants still occupy. The first mentioned in 
the following tablet was Peter's eldest son : — 

In memory of James Farquharson of Balna- 
bodach, who died at BaUater, 10th October 1843, 
aged 85 years ; and Isabella McHardy, his wife, 
who died at Balnabodach, 9th September 1827, 
aged 64 years. This tablet is erected as a mark of 
filial respect and afi'ection by their three sons, 
Peter, John, and Alexander Farquharson, 1844, 
Also of their younger brother, George Farquhar- 
son, who died at Balnabodach, 26th December, 
1841, aged 38 years, 

— Peter and John (above-named) obtained com- 
missions in the H.E.I.C.S. The first died at 
Ballater in 1849, aged — , where a marble tablet 
is erected to his memory in the church ; and the 
latter is Lieut.-Col, Farquharson of Corrachree, 
Logie-Coldstone. He is the oldest surviving 
grandson of the last laird of Tullochcoy, also repre- 
sentative of the Inverey family, the direct line, 
with its branches of Balmoral and Auchendryne, 
having become extinct. 

I have to thank the Rev, Mr Michie, school- 
house, Logie-Coldstone, for these interesting 
notices of the Farquharsons, by whom the facts 
have been kindly culled from family papers. 

Upon a flat stone near N.AV. corner of church- 
yard of Crathie : — 

Here is interred the body of the Revd. Mr Mur- 
doch Maclenan, late minister of the Gospel at 
Crathie, who, after a life of piety and benevolence, 
died 22 July 1783, in the 82d year of his age, and 
50th of his ministry, 

— According to the poet Burns, Mr M. was author 
of the celebrated Jacobite ballad of Shirra' Muir. 
Mr M., when a preacher within the bounds of the 
presbytery of Kincardine O'Neil, was ordained 
" itinerant missionary" in the united parishes of 
Crathie and Kindrochet, 19 Oct. 1748 ; and ou 
11 May thereafter he was inducted minister in 
room of Mr Mclnnes, who was translated to Logie- 
Coldstone. The heritors described Mr McLenan 
to the Presbytery as a " person of prudence, 
literatur and piety." He married Margaret 
Forbes, by whom, who survived him, he left no 
children. A granite tablet bears : — 



Sacred to the memory of Rev. Archibald 
Anderson, M. A., minister of this parish, who died 
8 Nov., 1866, aged 77 years, having faithfully dis- 
charged the office of the ministry in the Mission of 
Braemar for 9 years, and in the parish of C'ratbie 
for 26 years. [Rev. 14-13.] Erected by the resi- 
dent parishoners of Crathie and Braemar. 

Although Braemar and Crathie were thinly 
peopled at one time, there were four chapels iu the 
latter, and seven iu the former district, apart 
from an hospital at the Cairnwell, and the two 
parish churches. Manor houses were also abun- 
dant, all of which, with three exceptions, were 
occupied, in 1732, by Farquharsons. Invercauld 
has all along been the more important residence 
of that clan ; and at the present time, but for the 
absence of " old ancestral trees," it is possibly 
one of the finest Highland seats in the country. 

Balmoral, or, as the name is anciently written, 
"Balmoran" (? Bal-mohr-a'en'), was also Far- 
quharson property, until purchased from that 
family by the Earl of Fife. From Lord Fife's 
Trustees the estate was bought by the late Prince 
Consort, when, for the better accommodation of 
royalty, the old house was taken down, and the 
present spacious building of granite erected, in 
and around which the various accessories corres- 
pond in elegant simplicity and good taste. 

The plateau, upon the left of the principal 
entrance to the grounds, is ornamented by a 
bronze statue of the late Prince Consort, by 
Theed, which was erected by the Queen. It pre- 
sents this inscription : — 

ALBERT, 15 October 1867. 
Near the above, a handsome granite obelisk, 
about 30 feet in height, bears upon the west side 
of the plinth : — 








MASTER, 1862. 

Several memorial cairns are upon the summits 
of adjoining mountains, the most considerable and 
important of which is the " Albert Cairn" upon 
Craiglourachan. It has four sides, is pyramidical 
in form, and constructed of native granite. Upon 
the east side are the initials of the Queen and 
Royal children, and the date of "21st August 
1862." Upon the north side : — 






21ST AUGUST 1862. 

Upon another dressed slab, a few inches below 
the above, is this quotation : — 

He being made perfect in a short time, 
FulHlled a long time : 
For his soul pleased the Lord, 
Therefore hasted He to take 
Him away from among the wicked. 
Wisdom of Solomon, chap, iv., verses 16 and 14. 

— In connection with the death of the Prince 
Consort, it may be added that a magnificent 
mausoleum was erected at Frogmore, where his 
remains were deposited ; and that, over the door, 
within a portico, is the following inscription in 
bronze : — 








[The mortal remains of Prince Albert were 
deposited in this tomb by his sorrowing widow, 
Queen Victoria, a.d. 1862. Farewell, most deeply 
regretted ! Here at last shall I rest with thee ; with 
thee in Christ shall I rise. ] 

— The " Leaves from a Journal," lately published 
by Her Majesty, contains, as all readers know, 
many interesting notices of the happy time which 
the Queen and the late Prince spent on Deeside ; 
and it is gratifying to know that Her Majesty has 
shown a tangible interest in these parts of the 



country by granting £2500 of the profits of that 
work, for the general education of young men 
belonging to, or resident in, the district. This 
gift, which is to form bursaries in connection with 
the parish school of Crathie, the school of Girnock, 
and the University of Aberdeen respectively, is to 
bear the name of The Balmoral Bursaries ; and 
the patronage is vested in Her Majesty, and her 
successors in the Balmoral estate. 


THE kirk of Braemar, anciently Kpidrochet, 
so named from its having stood near the 
old bridge of Cluny, was given by Duncan, Earl 
of Mar, to the priory and canons of S. Maky of 
Llonymusk, about 12.30, together with an acre of 
laud, &c., in Aucatendregen, or Auchendryne. 

There is a mission church at Castletown of 
Braemar, which is, or was, supported by Royal 
Bounty ; also a Free Church, together with a 
Roman Catholic Chapel and a resident priest. 
The parochial burial place, which is well kept, is 
a short way below the village, on the south side 
of the Dee, surrounded by trees. An aisle, &c., 
belonging to the Farquharsons of Invercauld, 
occupies the site of the old church, being the 
highest point in the churchyard. The burial 
place is behind, and three marble tablets within 
the aisle, are respectively inscribed as follows : — 

Sacred to the memory of John Farquhahson, of 
Invercauld, who died in 1750. Sacred also to 
the memory of James Farquharson, of Invercauld, 
his son, who died 24 June 1805, aged 83 ; and 
Amelia, Lady Sinclair, his spouse (daughter of 
Lord George Murray), who died in 1779. They 
had eleven children, all of whom, with the excep- 
tion of the youngest, Catherine, died before them. 
Mary, Matilda, Jane, John, and George, lie in- 
terred with their parents in the ground adjoining ; 
Charlotte, at Aruhall ; Fanny at Lisbon ; and 
Amelia, Margaret, and A>,n, in the burying 
ground, North Leith. 

— John Farquharson, the first named in above in- 
scription, entertained the Earl of Mar, when en- 
gaged in organising the rising of '15. He received 
the command of Mar's own regiment ; and, along 
with " Old Borlam," conducted the division of 
the army which invaded England. He was left 
in charge of the bridge of the Ribble by Forster : 
being defeated, he was taken prisoner, but soon 
afterwards set at liberty, from which time he 
betook himself to the more useful and peaceful 
occupation of improving his estate, which he 
gradually added to, first by the purchase of Glen- 
muick, next by that of Castletown of Braemar, &c. 
Convinced of the hopelessness of tlie cause of the 
Stuarts, he not only declined to join in the re- 
bellion of 1745, but sent his son with a company 
of Braemar men, which were joined to the brave 
43d, to aid the reigning Sovereign. But his 
daughter (facetiously styled Colonel Anne), wife 
of the chief of the Clan Chattan, joined the cause 
of the Stuarts with so much ardour that she went to 
the field in person, on which occasion she took her 
own husband prisoner ! At a subsequent stage of 
the proceedings, she saved the Prince from being 

James Farquharson, who died in 1805, added 
greatly to the extent of his estates, and planted 
most of the timber, for which the property of 
Invercauld has been so long famous. His wife. 
Lady Amelia Sinclair, was the widow of the 8th 
Lord Sinclair, and daughter of Lord George 
Murray, Lieut. -Gen. of Prince Charles' army in 
1745. Her good deeds deserve to be recorded and 
imitated ; — When married to Mr Farquharson, 
she found great idleness and misery throughout 
Deeside ; and the primitive plan was in use of 
spinning lint on the distaff, and winding wool on 
the big wheel. The little spinning wheel, though 
common in most parts, was then unknown in the 
district ; and about 1755 she applied to the Board 
of Trustees to aid her in procuring small wheels, 
and a mistress to teach spinning. After much 
labour and opposition to her scheme, by those who 
were to be benefited by it, and the awarding of 
premiums to the more expert scholars, she ulti- 
mately succeeded so well that there were no fewer 

E E 



than 129 unmarried women and little girls who 
received premiums on 1st January 1763 ; and the 
quantity of linen yarn then brought to Tnvercauld 
for inspection by Lady Sinclair was supposed to 
be worth at least £300 sterling. Lady S. also gave 
a great impetus to cattle rearing, and to the cul- 
tivation of dairy produce, which are now of such 
such importance to the district. (Old Stat. 
Acct. xiv., 342.^ Upon the second tablet : — 

To the memory of Catherine, youngest daughter 
and heiress of James Farquharson of Invercaiikl, 
born 4 May 1774, died 27 Feb. 1845. To the 
memory of James PtOSS-FAKQUiiAESON, her hus- 
band, Capt. Pv,.N., (2d son of Sir John Lockhart- 
Ross, of Balnagowan, baronet), who died at Edin- 
burgh, 5 Feb. 1809, aged 38 years. This tablet 
was ei-ected after his mother's death by her affec- 
tionate son, Aug. 1845. 

— According to Nisbet, the clan Farquharson de- 
rive their descent from the Shaws of Rothie- 
murchus, who were descended from a son of Mac- 
duff, Thane of Fife. Faequhar, who lived in 
the times of Roberts IT. and III., was a son of 
Shaw, and having settled in the Braes of Mar, 
his sons were called Far quliar- sons : The great- 
great-grandson of Farquhar, known as Finlaij- 
More, fell at the battle of Pinkie, while carrying 
the royal standard. The Farquharsons of luver- 
cauld continued to be represented in the male line 
until 1805, when the above-named James was 
succeeded by his only surviving daughter, who 
married, as recorded in the last-quoted inscrip- 
tion, the second son of Sir John Lockhart-Ross. 
Mrs Ross -Farquharson continued the same 
course of improvement which had been so suc- 
cessfully followed by her father. She purchased 
the lands of Rhiueaton and Micras from Captain 
Macdonald (ancestor of Col. Macdonald of Rossie 
and St Martins), and those of Monaltrie from her 
cousin, William Farquharson. To her son, the 
third tablet bears the following inscription : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Farquharson, 
Esq. of Invercauld. Born April 25, 1808 ; died Nov. 
20, 1SG2. This tablet is erected in affectionate re- 
membrance by his eldest son, Lieut. -Col. Farquhar- 
son, of the Scots Fusilier Guards. 

— Mr F. married a daughter of Gen. Dundas of 
Sanson, by whom he had a large family. She 
died in Aug. 1869. Their eldest son (erector of 
the tablet above referred to), succeeded to the 
estates. He married Miss Oswald of Aachen- 
cruive, Ayrshire, by whom, who died 8th August 
1870, he has two sons and one daughter. The 
late Mr F. was much esteemed by all who knew him ; 
and a granite obelisk, upon a knoll on the north 
bank of the Dee, opposite to the Castle of Brae- 
mar, bears the following inscription, which shows 
how much he was respected by those who had the 
best opportunity of judging of his true character: — 
In memory of James Farquharson, Esq. of In- 
vercauli], by his Tenantry and Servants, to whom 
he was greatly 'attached. Born 25th April 1808; 
died 20th Nov. 18G2. The righteous shall be in 
evcrlasthig remembrance. — Psalm cxii. C. 

James CtRuar, Tominrau, d. 1807, a. 72 :— 
Four hundred years have now wheeled round, 

With half a century more ; 
Since tliis has been the burying ground, 

Belonging to the Gruers. 

A flat stone upon a timber frame bears : — 


— Quotations from Job xix. 23-7, follow the 
above ; but no names of deceased persons or dates 
are given. Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

►J« Sacred to memory of the Roman Catholic 

Clergymen who are interred here. The Rev. 

Forsyth, who died Nov. 8, 1708. The Rev. John 
Farquharson spent the evening of his days as 
Chaplain to his nephew Alexander Farquharson, 
Esq. of Inveray, and died at Balmoral, Aug. 22, 
1782. The Rev. Charles Farquharson, served 
the Catholic Mission in Braemar for many years, 
and died at Oirdesrg, Nov. 30, 1799, the two former 
were sous of Lewis Farquharson, Esq. of Auchen- 
dryne. The Revd. William M'Leod, died June 
3, 1809, much and justly regretted : — 

They died to live, that living worth regard, 
And with like virtue, seek the same reward. 

— Possibly Mr Forsyth was in some way 

related to Hendric Forsyth (the son of a lawyer 
in Edinburgh), who died in 1690, and is charac- 
terised as "a man of great merit." Of the two 



above-mentioned Farquharsons (whose mother 
was a daughter of Farquharson of Allanquiech), 
Dr Ohver, in his valuable Collections illustrating 
the Biography of the Jesuits gives some interest- 
ing particulars, of which the following is an 
abridgement : He tells us that, on returning from 
abroad, in 1729, Mr John Farquharson was 
placed at Seaforth, afterwards at Strathglass, in 
Inverness-shire, where he acquired a competent 
knowledge of the Gaelic, and, by degrees, formed 
an immense collection of Gaelic poetry. The 
origiualfolio IMSS., in his own handwriting, which, 
unfortunately, have been lost, he deposited, in 
1772, in the Scotch College at Douay, among 
which were Ossian's poems and many other works. 
He was taken prisoner about 1745 whilst saying 
mass, and conveyed to Edinburgh in his sacer- 
dotal vestments. After many sufferings he was 
liberated, went abroad, and afterwards returned 
to Scotland, where he lived with his nephew of 
Inverey, and left £200 towards the Mission. His 
brother, Mr Charles, who was buried in the 
same grave, was first settled at Glengairn ; but 
having been taken prisoner along with his brother, 
he went to Douay after his release, then to Dasant, 
where he was Prefect of Studies. He returned to 
his native district in 1782 ; and, by request of 
Bishop Geddes, wrote an account of the religious 
changes which had taken place on Deeside. Dr 
Oliver has preserved the name of " William 
Macleod," possibly the priest named in the above 
inscription ; and Mr Griffin (whose copy of Dr 
O.'s work is now before us, covered with valuable 
MS. notes), adds, " Born 7 April 1720 ; came to 
Mission 28 Feb. 1752." In 1732, the Farquhar- 
sons of Inverey and Balmoral were brothers. In 
1715, Inverey was forfeited when his estate was 
reckoned worth £281 sterling a year. Auchen- 
dryne is that part of the Castletown of Braemar 
which lies on the north side of the Cluny. 

In front of the Invercauld aisle, a fiat stone is 
thus inscribed : — 

►f< Erected to the memory of Peter Grant, some 
time farmer in Dubrach, who died at Aucheudryne 
the 11th of Feb. 1824, aged 110 years. His wife 
Mary Cumming, died at Westsidc, parish of Leth- 

not, in Forfar Shire, on the 4th Feby. 1811, aged 
65 years, and lies interred in the churchyard of 

— Dubrach (as Grant was commonly called), join- 
ed the rebel army under the Mackintoshes, and 
became a sergeant-major. It is told that, like 
most of the rebels, he felt much annoyed at not 
being allowed to come at once into close quarters 
with the enemy, and that, in the heat of his ar- 
dour, he cried out to his superior officer—" O, 
lat's throw awa' thae f ushionless things o' guns, . 
'er we get doon upo' the smatchets wi' oor swords !" 
Grant was taken prisoner, and carried to Carlisle, 
but contrived to escape by scaling the walls, and 
fled to his native hills. In course of time he and 
his family went to Lethnot, in Angus, where they 
rented a small farm. While there. Grant's ad- 
ventures were made known to George IV., who 
settled a pension upon him, which, after his death, 
was continued to his daughter, Annie. The late 
Lord Panmure (then the Hon. Wm. R. Maule), 
had a portrait of Dubrach, painted by Colviu 
Smith, which is now at Brechin Castle (Laud 
of the Lindsays). The Scots Magazine says that 
more than 300 people attended Dubrach's funeral, 
that upwards of an anker of whisky was consumed 
by the company before lifting the body, and 
that three pipers were stationed at the head of 
the coffin, who played, " Wha widna fecht for 
Charlie's richt !" 
Upon a loose slab in churchyard : — 

Alexr. McDonald, soldier, .... 

Leys Regt. 1751. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Inmemoryof Charles Watson, innkeeper, Castle- 
town Braemar, who died Aug. 2, 1828, aged 46. 
He bequeathed the bulk of his fortune for the 
Education of Youth of a certain class, in the parish 
of Braemar. He was son of John Watson and 
Catherine Craig, who formerly kept the same inn. 

Here is the burial place belonging to Finlay and 
Lauchlan M'Intosh, May 24, 1770. 

To the memory of Peter PiOy, for 51 years a 
faithful and attached servant in the Invercauld 
Family, by whom this stone is erected. Died Aug, 
4, 1851, aged 68. 



In remote times the lordships of Braemar and 
Strathdee belonged to the Earls of Mar, whose 
male line became extinct in 1377 {v. Kildrummy.) 
Mar fell into the female line, and after a long 
lapse of years, and much litigation, the estates 
and titles were awarded to the fifth Lord Erskine. 
It was his lineal descendant, the 11th Earl of Mar, 
who proclaimed James VII. King of Great Bri- 
tain, and planted his standard at Braemar, on 6th 
September 1715, upon the spot now occupied by 
the buildings of the Invercauld Arms Hotel. 

There was a castle or royal residence at Kin- 
dochet, from which Robert II. dated several 
charters ; but tradition avers that, long before his 
time, Malcolm III. had a hunting seat there, 
which stood upon a rock overhanging the water 
of Cluny. 

The present Castle of Braemar, which has been 
frequently used as a garrison for soldiers, built 
soon after the '15, occupies an eminence upon the 
south bank of the Dee, below the village of Castle- 
town. The previous Castle of Braemar, inhabited 
by the English under Cromwell, was burnt by 
the Revolutionary army. 

Corrimulzie, now a favourite and charming 
Highland residence of the Earl of Fife, about 
three miles above Castletown, though mentioned 
in old charters, does not appear to have been 
occupied as a dwelling place until a comparatively 
late period. A magnificent view of hill and valley 
scenery is obtained from this locality ; but these, 
as well as Balmoral and other interesting por- 
tions of the Dee, will be found illustrated and 
described in Black's " Tourist." An account of 
the tenure of Balmoral from 1451 is printed as an 
appendix to the illustrated edition of the Queen's 
"Leaves," from notes of the Early History of 
Strathdee and Braemar, M.S, in the possession of 
Her ]\Iajesty, by John Stuart, LL.D. 

It ought to be added that the peaks and snow- 
covered corries of Lochnagar ("3789 feet above sea 
level), form the extreme background to Balmoral 
Palace. This hill is also a fine object in the land- 
scape when viewed from various points of Dee- 
side, particularly as seen from near the old kirk 
of Tullich. Along with the mountains of Cul- 

bleen and Morven, that of Lochnagar early in- 
spired the muse of Lord Byron, who spent some 
of his early days upon the banks of the Dee, 
where,' as in every part of the country — notwith- 
standing the late attacks which have been made 
upon his character, by, apparently, one of the 
most unwomanly-hearted of women — Byron's 
name is held dear, and his memory venerated. 
Where, in this age of monument-raising, or to 
whom more worthily, could a more fitting spot be 
found in Scotland to erect a cairn to that truly 
great genius, than upon some part of " dark Loch- 
nagar," where the natural grandeur of the moun- 
tain, or its outline, would remain unskaithed ? 

Two ancient cists, or graves, about 33 inches 
long, by about 20 wide, constructed of rude flag- 
stones, and covered with a quantity of land stones, 
were found in 18G3, near the top of an eminence 
called the Tom of the Boltchach, upon the farm 
of Lochnagar Distillery. The bones appeared to 
have been calcined. 

The principal bridges in the united parishes are 
over the Cluny at Castletown, and the Dee at In- 
vercauld and Balmoral. 


THE church of Dan belonged to the cathedral 
of Brechin, and became attached to Sir David 
Lindsay of Gleuesk's foundation of the Nunnery 
of Elcho, Perthshire. 

In 1583, on the representation of John Erskine, 
the "vicarage of Dwu, and personage of Eglis- 
johne," with the teinds of both, were united into 
one parish. The parsonage of Eglisjohn, which 
was " of auld ane chappell erectit for pilgramage," 
consisted only of about one plough of land ; and 
at the time of the annexation it is stated that it 
had been " wanting ane kirk" for " mony zeiris 
bygane." The site of the chapel of Eglisjohn is 
still pointed out near Langley Park house. 

lu 1834, a new place of worship was erected in 



a field to the west of the old churchyard. Upon 
the bell :— 


It is said that Kuox preached at Dun when on 
a visit to his friend John Erskine, the Superin- 
tendent of Angus and Mearns ; and the pulpit 
now in use is popularly believed to be that from 
which Knox held forth. This appears to be a mis- 
take, since the date of 1615 is upon a shield on the 
back of the pulpit. The shield bears the Erskine 
and Wishart arms, quarterly, also the initials I. 
E. ; above is the injunction — preach the vord. 
The pulpit is ornamented with floral carvings, 
but of a later style than the time of Knox. 

The old kirk is used as the burial aisle of the 
Erskines of Dun. A pavement slab within it is 
initialed I.E ; M.G., and dated 1703. It also 
presents the well-known quotation from Horace, 
" Mors aequo pede pulsat regumque," &c., and a 
reference to 1 Cor. ch. 15, 17. There are several 
coffins here. Two are covered with crimson velvet, 
ornamented with coronets, and inscribed plates. 
One of the plates bears : — 


Died Sept. 8, 1846, aged 76. 
Upon the plate of an adjoining coffin : — 


Died 1848, aged 76. 
— Archibald Kennedy, who succeeded his father 
as 12th Earl of Cassilis, was created Marquis of 
Ailsa. His wife was the youngest daughter of 
John, the last male descendant of the Erskines 
of Dun. John Erskine died in 1812, and was 
succeeded in Dun by his eldest daughter Alice. 
At her death in 1824, Dun came to Marchioness 
Margaret's second son, the Hon. John Kennedy- 
Erskine. He married Lady Augusta Fitzclareuce 
(afterwards Lady Hallyburton), by whom he had 
W. H. Kennedy-Erskiue, now laird of Dun, and 
two surviving daughters. One daughter became 
the wife of the late James Hay Erskine Wemyss, 
M.P. for Fifeshire, the other that of the Earl of 
Munster. The lineage of Kennedy of Cassilis is 
well known. In regard to that of Erskine of 
Dun, it may only be said that Robert of Erskine 

obtained the lands of Dun about 1360-1 ; and 
that John, grandson of Sir Robert of Erskine, 
and second son by a second marriage of Sir Thomas 
Erskine of that ilk, " is reckoned the first of the 
family of Dun, as separated from that of Erskyne." 
He had a charter of Dun from his father, dated 
25 Oct. 1393, and was alive in 1419. 

John Erskine, the friend of Knox, who did 
so much to promote the cause of the Reformation, 
is the chief historical personage of his house and 
family. He was born about 1508, and both his 
father and grandfather (Sir John), having fallen 
at Floddeu, young Erskine had a long minority. 
None of the biographers of the heroes of the Re- 
formation have noticed these points regarding 
Erskine's early history, nor the fact of his having 
been in some way concerned in the murder of a 
young priest in the bell-tower at Montrose. 

These particulars are proved by the family 
writs at Dun, to the use of which (as the writer of 
these notes was informed by a late eminent local 
antiquary), the Earl of Cassilis acceeded at Dr 
M'Crie's request, upon the express condition that 
whatever was found for or against the per- 
sons concerned in, or the cause of, the Reforma- 
tion, should be published without abridgment. 
The charter chest, however, was never examined 
by Dr M'Crie ; and it was not until the late 
Patrick Chalmers of Aldbar procured the use of 
the " Dun Papers" for the Spalding Club, that 
these interesting points in the history of Erskine 
were known According to the custom of the 
age, the laws of the country demanded heavy 
sums as assythment, or blood-money, to be paid 
to the parent of the murdered priest ; on the 
other hand, the Church inflicted a severe penance. 
It was while on a pilgrimage in the performance 
of this penance that Erskine happened to make 
the acquaintance of some of the leading Conti- 
nental Reformers ; and, feeling the restraint under 
which the church had i^laced him, he joined the 
Reformers, and thus became one of the chief in- 
struments in bringing about a salutary change 
in the religious government of his country. He 
" depairtit fra this lyff [at Dun] the 22 of Mcrche, 
the yeir of God 1589." 



Erskine's uncle, Sir Thomas, designed of Bre- 
chin, secretary to James IV., and founder of the 
family of Pitoddrie, in Aberdeenshire, was also a 
person of note ; as was a later descendant, David, 
43 years a senator of the College of Justice. He 
was the first Erskine of Balhall, wrote a volume 
of Moral and Political Advices, and died in 1755. 
In his time the present mansion-house of Dun 
was built, after i^lans by the elder Adams. 

Besides the cotfius of the Marquis and Mar- 
chioness of Ailsa in the burial vault at Dun, 
another, covered with black cloth, contains the 
remains of their grandson. Upon the top of it, 
a plate bears : — 

Adolphus Kennedy (son of the late Lord Ken- 
nedy), who died at Montrose. 
— This was the youngest child of Lord Kennedy, 
by his wife, Eleanor, daughter and heiress of John 
Allardyce of Duuottar. Lord Kennedy having 
died in his father's lifetime, his eldest son became, 
on the death of his grandfather in 18i6, second 
Marquis of Ailsa. Owing to the effects of an 
accident in the hunting field, the second Marquis 
died at Culzean Castle, 20 March 1870, aged 54. 

The garden of Dun adjoins the churchyard on 
the north, and there, in a retired corner, separated 
from the burial ground by a railing, and within 
a vaulted grave, lie the ashes of the before men- 
tioned Lady Hallyburton. A coffin-slab of Aber- 
deen granite (polished), with cross in alto-relievo 
on top, bears this inscription round the sides : — 

Erected to the blessed memory of Lady Augusta 
Gordon-Hallyburton. Born 3 Nov. 1S03 ; died 
8 Dec. 1865. Her faith and hope were in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

The old churchyard of Dun has a secluded and 
romantic site at the top of a den, upon a kind 
of peninsula, which is washed on the south and 
east by burns which flow from 30 to 40 feet below 
the level of the cemetery. The older tombstones 
are of a more costly class than is commonly found 
in rural churchyards ; and, as will be seen from 
what follows, some of the inscriptions exhibit con- 
siderable literary talent : — 

Hoc tegitvr lapide Alex.\ndr . . COBVS .... 
is, fratres germani, qvi in . . terris vitam dvxervnt 

piam et honestam, et seterna nvnc in ccelis fi vvntvr. 
A. . . . obiit anno Dom. 1613, Aprilis 12. . . . Me- 
mento peccati vt doleas ; moi'tis vt insignias ; ivdicis 
vt timeas]; misericordia^ vt spei'es. 

[This stone covers the dust of Alexander and 
James, full brothers, who led a pious and honour- 
able life on earth, and now enjoy eternal life in 
heaven. A. [F. or E.] died 12 April 1613. ... 
Pvemember sin that you may sorrow over it ; death 
that your end may be a noble one ; the judge that 
you may fear ; mercy that you may have hope. ] 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Infra sepultaj jacent exuvias Joannis Erskini, 
quondam in Dunsmill, viri pij, probi, et honesti, 
ex honestis et generosis orti, omnibus grati, vitai 
exemplo, morum integritate, pietate in Deum in- 
signi, in amicos observantia et constantia, in con- 
jugem amore, in omnes humanitate, in pauperes 
misericordia memorabilis. 

Who ever him bethought 

Seriouslie and oft, 

What it uare to flit 

Fi-om his death bed to the pit ; 

Ther to suffer i^ain. 

Never to cease again ; 

Wold not commit on sin. 

The vhol vorld to vin. 

[Beneath lie interred the remains of John 
Erskine, sometime in DunsmiU, a man of i)iety, 
worth, and honour, of high and honourable extrac- 
tion, of universal poijularity, and distinguished for 
his exemplary life, his moral rectitude, his eminent 
piety towards God, the warmth and con.stancy of 
his friendship, his conjugal affection, his courtesy 
to all, and his kindness to the poor.] 
— A perpendicular fine is drawn upon the face of 
this stone from top to bottom : the above inscrip- 
tion is upon the left side of the line, the following 
upon the right: — 

Conjvgis etiam charissimai, AgneTjE Burn, 
fteminas vere proba3, infra hoc monvmentvm con- 
dvntvr cineres ; tvrtvribvs similes vixervnt, et 
simvl mortem ol;iervnt, hrec ;etatis 25, ille aitatis 
28, hc-ec qvid. Maij [Cal.] ille 17 Cal. Maij an. 
a^raj Christi. 1696 : 

Conjvgivm Christi ac animffl mors solvere uescit, 

Sed caruale potest conjvgis atq' viri. 



[Beneatli this monument ai-e also laid the ashes 
of his beloved wife, Agnes Burn. They lived like 
turtles and died together, she 1st May, aged 25, 
and he 15th April 1696, aged 28. Death can dis- 
solve the carnal union of husband and wife ; but 
not the spiritual union of Christ and the soul.] 

Also upon a table-shaped monument : — 
Wnder this ston doe sueetly rest 
A woman piovs, wertous, and chast ; 
Who in hir lyfe performed tuo dueties great, 
A carefull Mother, and a Loving Mate. 
Infra tvmvlvm hunc sepulchralem sepultre sunt 
reliquia3 sanctte in Domino defunct;^ Katharin.i: 
FuLLARTONi, Davidis Erskin in Ballachie spouste 
dilectissimte, qu£e, dum in terris degeret, vitam erga 
Deum pia, erga maritum casta, quoad amicos et pro- 
pinquos humana, pauperesq, liberalis se illustrem 
fecit, circiter annos 44 vitam banc caducam degens ; 
28 die Januarii, anno 1697, anima in patriam celes- 
tem placide migravit. Cumqea, tanquam matre ten- 
errima, conduntur cineres puerorum et puellarum 
quinq, in aetate iufantili morientium, beatam resur- 
rectionem die judicij expectantium. 

Disce mori, quicunqlegis mea scripta, viator: : 

Omnes requa manent funera : Disce mori : 
Disce mori : Frater discat cum prsesule, clerus 
Cum Juniore senex, cum sapiente rudis, 

[Beneath this sepulchral mound are interred the 
remains of the pious and dearly beloved wife of 
David Erskine in Ballachie, Katherine Fullar- 
TON, who died in the Lord. During her life on 
earth she was distinguished for piety towards God, 
fidelity to her husband, kindness to her friends and 
neighbours, and liberality to the poor. After she 
had passed nearly 44 years in this transitory state 
of existence, her soul calmly winged its flight to its 
heavenly home, on 28 Jan. 1697. And with her, 
as a most tender mother, are laid the ashes of five 
boys and girls, who died in infancy, and here await 
a happy resurrection on the day of judgment. 
Whoe'er thou art that read'st these lines, 

W'hich, Traveller, I have pen'd ; 
0, learn to die ! and know that all 

^re equal in the end. 
The monk may from the abbot learn, 

The young clerk from the old ; 
The unletter'd from the learn'd know, 
Our days must soon be told.] 

The next three inscriptions are from plain bead- 

Here lyes Katren Stevenson, spous to Alexr 
Coulie, vlio died ye 18 of Decembr anno 1672, of 
age 42. Here lyes Susanna Coulie, spous to John 
Jap, vho died ye 24 of December anno 1692, of 
age 35 : — 

W^hose corps interd below, 

Lyes hid from eyes ; 

Whos souls advancd, 

Uith Chryst above ye skies. — {i\ p. 135.) 
Here lyes ane honest virgin Margret Simson, 
who died y** 16 of March anno 1699, of age 21 j'^ears. 

Here lyis Agnas Bertie, spous to William 
CouUie, miller, who died y^ 10 of March anno 1697, 
of age 55 yearS. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 
Belou lieth the ashes of Margaret Gray, spouse 
to John Erskine in Cottrau, uho in her day uas a 
pattern of Christian verteus, and having groun up 
to a full ear, being 70 years of age, uas on the 5th 
of March, cut doun by Death's fatal blou, and nou 
is resting from her labours, and her works follouing 
her, 1702. 

Alex. Couley, and Margt, Lyall, Leys of Dun, 
on six children (1720) : — 

When silver bands of nature burst, 

And let the building fall, 
The blest goes doun to mix with dust. 

Its first original. 
The tyrant death he triumphs here, 

His trophies spread around ; 
And heaps of dust & bones appear, 
Thro all the hoUow ground. 
John Paterson, who d. 1724, a. 81, "left the 
substance of the following lines to be engraven on 
his gravestone :" — 

Within this grave I do both ly and rest. 
Because the Lord perfumed ye grave at first ; 
May when I rise unto me Christ grant this, 
To be with him in his eternal bliss. 
Jean Edeson, his wife, died 1704, aged 59 : — 
This woman here in hope doth rest, 
Again to rise and be for ever blest ; 
After this lif, ue purpos here to ly, 
And ris and reing with her eternally. 

Erected bj' ]\Iargaret Paterson, in memory of 



her brother James Paterson of Redfield, who died 
"15 Oct. 1791, in the 69th year of his age. 

A Latin inscription, scarcely legible, comme- 
morates the good life and actions of James Burn, 
who died in 1706. The portion relating to his 
wife is in better preservation, and runs thus : — 

Heir lyes Janet Edison, his spouse, who, after 
living with her husband for the space of 37 years, 
in a godly and wertuous married state, departed 
this life the 18 day of March 1707, of her age 00. 

Here lyes Isobel Lindsay, spous to Robert 
Strauchen in Beuillo, uho departed this lif the 29 
Nouember 1703, and her age 74 years : — 
This woman caled in evening of her ago, 
Who left her children to suplie her gtage ; 
Some long, some short, as lif and death doeth cast, 
For she is in earth, uber al must com at last. 

Here lyes David Cob, husband to Margret 
Jamson, who died y^ 2 of March, anno 1698, of 
age 75 year. 

The following is upon a table-shaped stone ; 
and, as will be seen, the inscription contains a 
curious allusion to the vocation of the person com- 
memorated, as one versed in the " declension" and 
" inflexion" of nouns : — 

S. D. G. Hoc cippo tegitur quicquid mortale 
fuit Alexandrt Cromar, Dunuensis per octennium 
ludimagistri, in juventute erudienda seduli, fausti, 
et felicis, qui, grammaticaj doctus, mortem nee 
declinare voluit, nee fatum flectere potuit. ^tatis 
suae anno vigesimo octavo, ecvce Christianse 1733, 
obiit. Metam properamus ad unam. 

[By this stone is covered all that was mortal of 
Alexander Cromar, schoolmaster of Bun for eight 
years, a diligent and successful instructor of youth, 
who, although a learned grammarian, neither wished 
to decline death, nor was able to inflect fate. He 
died in 1733, in the 28th year of his age. We 
hasten to one goal. ] 

1757. Tegitur hoc cippo quicquid mortale fuit 
Georgii Walker. Metam properamus ad unam. 

[This stone covers all that was mortal of George 
Walker. We hasten to one goal. ] 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

Thomas Crooks, sometime gardener at Eccles- 
John, afterwards farmer at Roadside of Tayock, 

born in the parish of Newbattle, 29 March 1716, 
died 3 Jan. 1798. Jean Cormack, his spouse, died 
27 Feb. 1802. A son William Crooks, M.D., died 
on his passage from Tobago to America, in 1802, 
aged 38. Thos. Cross, of the Island of Tobago, 
planter, erected this monument 12 Dec. 1803. 

James Mwrey erected this stone in memory of 
his wife Agnes Lyel, who departed this life, Feb. 
the 8, 1732, and of age 48 years. Here lyes James 
Murray, sometyme tenant in Litelmil of Borou- 
field, who departed this life the 20 of June 1733, 
and of age . . . 

Believers, comfort lies in this, &c. 
A tombstone (table-shaped), ornamented with 
carvings of the Erskine and Stuart arms, and a 
rudely incised figure of death, with a dart in one 
hand, and a Lochaber axe in the other, bears : — 
Heir lyes ane faithfvU, good, and honest man, 
Georg Stuart, who died in the Lord the 8 day of 
Febrvar, anno 1687, of age 95. Heir lyes ane 
honest, vertovs and godly woman Mary Erskin, 
his spovs, and who died in the Lord 13 of lanvar, 
anno 1690, and of her age 81 : — 

Wnder this ston thir mortals doth remain, 
Whil Christ shal come and reas them up again ; 
Altho' by death they be in Prison cast, 
The Prince of Lyfe will reas them up at last, 
And give them lyfe, which no more will decay, 
And habitation, which wasteth not away. 

Two stone cists were got to the west of the 
manse, and one to the north, each of which con- 
tained urns with ashes and pieces of bones. Flint 
arrow-heads have also been found in the parish. 

According to tradition, there was a chapel at 
Balneillie, on the west side of the parish, where 
human bones and graves have been found. 

Dun appears to have been a place of early im- 
portance, owing, possibly, to its proximity to the 
King's residence at Montrose, and to natural 
advantages. Its earliest recorded lay proprietor 
was John of Hastings, who had a grant of the 
manor of Dun from King William. He was 
sheriff and forester of the Mearns ; and when the 
monastery of Arbroath was founded, he endowed 
it with a salt-work at Dun, and an acre of land. 



The Hastings appear to have held lands in Angus 
down to about the beginning of the 14:th century. 
At one time the lordship of Dun stretched, on 
the north and west of the Southesk, from the very 
ports of the town of Montrose to the commonty 
of the city of Brechin, and included a great part 
of the parishes of Dun, Logie-Pert, and Stracathro ; 
also a good portion of Craig on the south side of 
the river. This extent of territory was broken in 
upon by the Superintendent, whose circumstances, 
owing chiefly, it is said, to the demands which 
were made upon him by the less opulent of the 
Eeforming leaders, became considerably embar- 

But another, and very different affair, had a 
much more damaging effect upon the Erskines. 
It appears that the laird of Dun, who married the 
eldest sister of the first Earl of Panmure, died 
young, leaving two sons, whose existence naturally 
precluded the succession of their uncle Robert to 
the estates. With the view of removing these 
obstacles, Robert and his three sisters, who lived 
together at Logie, determined to poison the 
" two zoung boyis." For this purpose, two of 
the sisters crossed the Cairn o' Mount, and met 
with " ane notorious Witche and abuser of the 
people," called Janet Irwing, from whom they re- 
ceived a quantity of herbs, with injunctions how 
to use them. It appears that they " steipit thame 
amangis aill ane lang space ;" and, after much 
deliberation, as to whether the dose should be 
administered, they resolved in the affirmative ; 
and, accordingly, " about mydsomer" in 1610, 
the murderers " past al togidder furth of Logy," 
along with the eldest of their intended victims, 
to the house of his mother in Montrose, where she 
and the other son were living for a time, and there 
the " poysoneable drink wes miuistrat," and given 
to their " brother soues." The eldest son died ; 
but the younger recovered. By some means or 
other, the Erskines contrived to evade the law 
until towards the end of the year 1613, when the 
brother was tried and found guilty. He was exe- 
cuted at Edinburgh 1st December 1613. By his 
own admission, the brother appears to have been 
a mere tool in the hands of his three sisters, and 

that they " wer the first movearis of him to that 
wicked deide, that therby he might atteane to the 
right of the leviug of Dynne." Upon this con- 
fession, the sisters were apprehended, and tried in 
June 1614, when they were found to have been 
" airt and pairt" in the poisoning ; and were 
all sentenced to have " thair heiadis strukin frome 
thair bodeyis" at the IMarket Cross of Edinburgh. 
The sisters, Isabell and Annas, sulfered accord- 
ingly ; but Helen, who was confined in prison 
until 22d March 1615, had her sentence commuted 
to banishment " out of this kingdome, during hir 

The old house, or castle of Dun, where possibly 
these infatuated criminals as well as their victims 
were born, and in which it is believed Knox visited 
the Superintendent, stood within the present 
garden of Dun, near the kirkyard, where an old 
arched gateway, constructed of stone, and with 
thick Avails, prettily covered with ivy, still marks 
the site of the old baronial residence. 

In 1669, David Erskine of Dun and his suc- 
cessors (Acta Pari., vol. vii. 655), were empowered 
to hold a fair " vpon the mure of Dun the second 
Wednesday after Whitsouday yeerly, for buying 
and selling of horse, nolt, sheip, meill, malt, and 
all sort of grane, cloath, lining, and woollen, and 
all sort of merchant commodities," with power to 
levy and upUft the tolls and customs, &c., in all 
time coming. 

The Bridge of Dun, which consists of three 
arches, crosses the South Esk near the railway 
station. It was erected by the grandfather of 
the Marchioness of Ailsa, and was completed only 
a few months before his death. It bears this in- 
scription : — 

This Bridge was founded on the 7 th June 1785, 
and finished on the 27th January 1787, by Alex- 
ander Stevens. 

The Rev. Wm. Burns, who originated the 
Revivals at Kilsyth in 1838, and became the first 
missionary of the English Presbyterian Church in 
China, was born at Dun, where his father was 
parish minister. During his residence in Chiiia, 
Mr Burns translated, and published, in the native 

F F 



language, an edition of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Pro- 
gress, &c. A tomb in the foreign churchyard of 
Kiau-Chwang marks his grave {v. Life by Islay 
Burns), with this inscription : — 

To the memory of the Eev. William C. Burns, 
A. M. , missionary to the Chinese, from the Presby- 
terian Church in England. Born in Dun, Scotland, 
April 1, 1812 ; arrived in China, November 1847 ; 
died at Port of Nian-Chwaug, April 4, 1868, 2d 
Cor. c. V. 

Dr J. P. NiCHOL, author of the Architecture 
of the Heavens, &c., afterwards Professor of 
Astronomy in the University of Glasgow, began 
life as parochial teacher at Dun. He was born at 
Brechin, where his father was a merchant. 


y^ OTHING certain is known of the early his- 
J^ tory of the kirk of Skene, except that it was 
a chaplainry ; and its patronage vested in the Prin- 
cipal of St Leouai-d's College, St Andrews. Alan 
Hurward, justiciary of Scotland, is the earliest re- 
corded lay proprietor of the district ; and it 
appears that in 1247-67, he granted Peter, Bisliop 
of Aberdeen, an annual of 22s, from his lands 
of Scliene, in exchange for the second tithes of 

The burial enclosures of the lairds of Skene and 
Concraig are upon the site of the old kirk ; 
but Hcither contain monumental stones. Mr 
Smith of Concraig was of a farmer family in 
Kintore. The property now belongs to the 
University of Aberdeen, having been bought by 
King's College. The present kirk, built in 1801, 
has the belfry upon the south side. The bell 

JOnir . MOWAT . ME . FE . OLD . ABD . 1735. 

A marble tablet, within the church, bears: — 

Near the southern wall of this church are interred 
the mortal remaias of George Skene of Skene, 

descended from a long line of that name, who wag 
born on the IX. day of May MDCCXLIX., and 
died on the XXIX. day of April MDCCCXXV. 

— The above-named Mr Skene was succeeded by 
a deaf and dumb brother, who only survived two 
years. The property then came to trustees for 
behoof of the Earl of Fife, the heir of entail, 
by whom the family of Skene, through a female, 
is now represented. Robert Skene had a charter 
from The Bruce of the lands and loch of Skene, 
dated at Scone, 1 June 1317, from which period, 
until 1827-8, the family held the property in the 
male line. It was in consequence of the marriage 
of the third Earl of Fife, in 1775, with Mary, 
eldest daughter of George Skene of Skene, that 
the Duff family succeeded to the estates of Skene 
and Careston, &c. : it is of this lady's father 
and his servant, Harry Walker, that so many 
curious anecdotes are told by Dean Ramsay and 
other writers. As given in heraldic books, the 
origin of the family of Skene is fanciful, and said 
to have arisen from their ancestor having saved 
the king's life by killing a wild boar with a dirk, 
or skeen^ for which deed he received the lands, 
it is added, from INIalcolm II., also his surname. 
" Skene" is also the name of a place in the parish 
of Arbuthnott. 

A flat stone in the churchyard bears this in- 
scription — 

Hie humantur sub spe beatie resurrectionis ossa 
M'i LuD : DuNLOP, hiijus ecclesite Skeenensis, et 
alterius, sciz. Tarlanensis, annis 43 quondam pas- 
toris fidelissimi. Multa in ejus laudes dicere 
inanem gloriam forsan redoleret ; attamen celandum 
non est campanile hujus templi, inter alia laude 
digna, ejus sumptu magna ex parte extructum fuisse. 
Potiorem ejus partem tenet ccelum ubi vivit cum 
Xto. Obiit Feb. 6, 1691, aitatis 71. 

[Here are interred, in the hope of a happy resur- 
rection, the bones of Mr LuD. Dunlop, for 43 years 
a most faithful minister of this church of Skeen, 
and of another, viz. that of Tarland. To say much 
in his praise would perhaps savour of vain glory ; 
but, amongst other laudable actions, it is deserving 
of record that the bell-tower of this church was 
erected in great measure at his expense. His better 



part now dwells in heaven with Christ. He died 
6 Feb. 1691, aged 71.] 

A table-shaped tombstone erected over that of 
Mr Dunlop bears . — 

In memory of the Rev. James Hogg, D.D., 
minister of Skene, who died much respected and 
regretted 28 Nov. 1823, in the 72d year of his age, 
and 47th of his ministry, 37 of which he was 
minister of the parish of Skene. His sister, Jean 
Hogg, died 30 June 1835, aged 82. 
— Mr H. was of the old family of Blairydryne in 

A granite slab, within an enclosure in north- 
east corner of kirkyard, bears : — 

Within this enclosure are interred the remains of 
Katherine-Ann-Buchan Forbes, the wife of 
William McCombie of Easter Skene and Lynturk, 
and daughter of Major Alexander Forbes of Inver- 
ernan, who died on the IGth day of April 1835, in 
the 2Gth year of her age. And of their son, Thomas, 
who died on the 15th day of September 18-11, in the 
10th year of his age. 

— Mrs McCombie's mother was a daughter of 
Duncan Forbes-INIitchell of Thainston, second 
son of Sir Arthur Forbes of Craigievar, («. p. 157.) 
Mr McC.'s ancestors held the estate of Finnygauud 
in Glenshee, also those of Forter and Crandart 
in Glenisla, of the first, mentioned of which "John 
McComy-Moir" [i.e., the big or great McComie] 
had a charter in 1571. The Clan M'Thomas, of 
which this individual was the chief, appears in 
the roll of the clans and broken men, and John's 
descendants, from a dispute about marches, seem 
to have borne a deadly grudge to their neighbours, 
the FarquharsoDs of Brochdarg, so much so that 
in 1673, when members of the two families hap- 
pened to meet at Forfar, a fight took place, in 
which Brochdarg and a brotlier were killed, also 
two McComies. After this the Farquharsous and 
McComies were outlawed. One McComie fled to 
the south,another, Donald, took refugeiu the High- 
lands of Aberdeenshire, and became ancestor of the 
McCombies of Easter Skene and Lynturk, also of 
those of Tillyfour. — (Mem. of Angus and Mearns.) 
It was the father of the present laird of Easter 
Skene, a merchant in Aberdeen, who bought the 
property of Easter Skene, since which time Lyn- 

turk has fallen to Mr M'Combie by heirship. 
Mr McCombie built the present mansion house 
of Easter Skene, the lands of which property, as 
well as those of Lynturk, he has vastly improved 
by draining, reclaiming of waste laud, planting, 
and building, &c. Like his cousin, Mr McCombie, 
Tillyfour, the laird of Easter Skene has acquired 
fame as a rearer of polled cattle, &c. 

AVithin an enclosure on east of churchyard : — 

Sacred to the memory of Elizabeth Forbes, 
daughter of Geo. Forbes of Boyndlie, who died 20 
Feb. 1853, aged 80. 

— Miss Forbes was aunt to Mrs Shepherd of Kirk- 
ville. A daughter of the latter became the wife of 
Mr Ireland, sometime F. C. minister of Skene ; 
and the following, upon a granite monument, 
near the above, relates to Mrs Ireland's mother : — 
In memory of Catherine Henderson, relict of 
the late Walter F, Ireland, D. D., minister of North- 
Leith, who departed this life on the 22d of January 
1853, aged G3. [Rev. i. 17, 18 ; John xiv. 19.] 

Near the above, a granite monument bears : — 

Erected by the parishioners of Skene to the 
memory of the Rev. George Mackenzie, A.M., 
for 35 years the faithful and beloved minister of 
the parish. He died 20 Dec. 1859, aged 72. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

To the memory of William Chalmers, late of 
the SPt Regt. of Foot, who departed this life 17 
Dec. 1809, aged 76. Margaret Millar, his first 
wife, died in Florida ; Elizabeth Giffert, his 
second wife, died 1 Feb. 1801. Margaret Chalmers, 
his daughter by Margaret Millar, spouse of Alex. 
Norie, Carlogie, died 26 Dec. 1796, aged 42 :— 

Of manners mild, to all who knew her dear ; 

The tender mother, best of friends, lies here ; 

Whose darling wit was comfort to impart, 

Candour and meekness shone in all she said, 
Peace bless'd her life, and sooth'd her dying bed. 
Dearest of mothers, best of friends, farewell ; 
May this plain stone, children's affection tell ; 
Through life thy virtue was their joy and pride, 
In death their best example and their guide. 
Our social cares and fears, alas ! are o'er. 
Thy love maternal cheers the heart no more. 



—Alex. Norie died at Aberdeen, 1822, aged 67. 
Jean Falconer, third wife of Win. Chalmers, died 
at Aberdeen 1830, aged 76, a woman very much 
beloved and respected by all who knew her ; and 
whose trustees have caused this stone to be erected 
to perpetuate her memory : — 

When the trumpet sound shall call, 
And we must leave this earthly vale ; 
Then the cold tomb in brightest skies 
To joy immortal they shall rise. 
The following inscription, from one of three 
stones which relate to the same Wilsons, presents 
the name of one of the last descendants of the 
Tyries of Dunnideer, a Roman Catholic family in 
the Garioch {v. Insch) : — 

In memory of Alexander Wilson, fanner of 
Auchenclech, who died 1 June 1799, aged 82. Also 
of Elizabeth Tyrie, his spouse, who died 10 March 
1814, aged 84. Also of John Wilson of Auchen- 
clech, who died 8 April 1820, aged 66. Also his 
spouse, Mrs Jean Malcolm, who died 17 April 
1836, aged 84. ►J- Died at AUathan, parish of 
Monquhitter, 8 Sep. 1845, in the 49th year of her 
age, Elizabeth Wilson, eldest daughter of John 
Wilson, Esq. of Auchenclech, and spouse of Alex. 
Mitchell, Esq. of AUathan. R. I. P. Requiescat 
in pace. May she rest in peace. 

Here lyes Alexander Glen, who departed this 

life in the year 1725, aged 64 Robson, 

their relick, who departed this life in the year 

James Burnet, died 2d March 1807, aged 98 ; 
Margaret Raeeurn, his spouse, died 10th Feb. 
1803, aged 88. &c. 

Upon a granite obelisk : — 

1865. George Mellis, leader of the church 
choir of Skene, died 13 Feb., aged 32. This tribute 
of regard to his memory is erected by the choir, 
and a few friends. 

Marjory Milne, b. 1777, d. 1856, "was upwards 
of 50 years an attached and valued servant in the 
family of Mr Thomas Burnett of Kepplestone, by 
whose widow this tablet is erected as a token of 

A plain headstone bears : — 

Erected by Alex. Carny, in memory of his father, 

James Carny, late farmer in Kirktoun of Skene, 
who died 13 Jan. 179S, aged 49. His son James, 
died 25 Nov. 1810, aged 21. His spouse, Jean 
Brounie, departed this life June 6, 1832, aged 74. 
— These were the parents and brother of the late 
Provost Carny of Macduff {v. p. 89.) 

The next inscription, from a granite slab in 
east wall of burial ground, bears the name of one 
who made money in India as a coach builder : — 

The burial place of William Gibson of Kin- 
mundy, Skene. 

The next two inscriptions, (the first from a 
marble head stone, the other abridged from a 
table-shaped stone,) relate to farmer families who 
acquired money and property : — 

Sacred to the memory of James Davidson, Esq. 
of Kinmundy, who died 3 Nov. 1 827, aged 72 years. 

Erected by David Low of Fiddie, in memory of 
Elizabeth Smith, his spouse, who died 1833, aged 

57 the said David Low died 1841, aged 

77 Helen Reith, spouse of Robert Low 

of Fiddie, died 1862, aged 58 the said 

Robert Low, for 25 years an elder of this parish, 
died 1869, aged 68. 

Also abridged : — 
Joseph, son of Joseph Allan, schoolmr. at Skene, 

died 1779, aged ISj'ears Elizabeth Allan, 

spouse to And. Fowler at Broadiach, died 1799, 
aged 34. The said Joseph Allan, schoolmaster at 
Skene for 62 years, died 1819, aged 87. His first 
wife Agnes Collie, died 1784. The above Andrew 
Fowler, died 1827, aged 72 . . . Elizabeth 
Malcolm, his spouse, died 1854, aged 87 : George 
their son, died 1864, aged 73. 

Cinerary urns, stone circles, and other traces 
of antiquity, have been found in various parts of 
Skene. The hill of Keir, the summit of which 
presents trenches, ditches, &c., resembling those 
upon the Barmakin of Echt {v. p. 66), is well 
worthy of being visited by the antiquary. 

A rude boulder upon a rising ground on Easter 
Skene, near the boundary between the parishes of 
Skene and Kinellar, bears : — 

Drum Stone. 1411. Harlaw. 



— According to tradition, Sir Alex. Irvine of 
Drum rested upon this stone when on his way to 
the battle of Harlaw, and beheld for the last time 
the ancient tower of his ancestors, he having, like 
the greater part of the flower of those barons and 
their retainers who fought at llarlaw (as related 
in the well-known ballad which celebrates that 
sad event), there — 

" Left to the world their last gude-nicht." 
As shown above, the family of Skene first 
acquired a grant of the lands and barony of Skene 
from Robert the Bruce. According to Douglas 
(Bar., p. 555), the house of Skene was looked upon 
as " the first built stone houso in Marr." It is 
described as having consisted of three storeys, 
built with lime quite run together, or vitrified, 
with walls above ten feet thick, and to have been 
entered by a ladder on the second storey, while 
the third storey was " covered with a mount of 
earth upon the top." Skene House remained in 
this state until 1680, when the arches were taken 
out, and the house roofed and floored. The old 
part still forms a portion of the present house of 
Skene, which has been added to, and altered, at 
different periods. 

The Loch of Skene is a singularly beautiful 
object, particularly when seen from the north, 
■with the picturesque mountains of Clochnabane, 
Mount Battock, &c., in the background. 

(?S. .) 

KILBATTOCH, Kynbethot, and Kinbat- 
TOcn,are old forms of thename of this parish. 
Another authority calls it " Kilbartha, or 
Bartha's Cell or church." It was also known as 
Tovvie-Brux, from having belonged at one time 
to Forbes of Brux. The church was anciently a 
vicarage of Old Machar. 

The present kirk, which has a prominent posi- 
tion upon the south side of the Don, is dated 
1808. It is a plain building, near the site of the 

previous kirk, in which was found a coffin-slab, 
with a cross upon it, terminating in a good ex- 
ample of the fleur-de-lis. The church bell bears 
the name of Mr Lumsden of CoRRACHRiiB. 
His burial aisle is upon the site of the old kirk : 
within it is this inscription : — 

Here lies Mr James Lumsden of Corrachree, late 
minister of the Gospel at Towie, who died Feb. 15, 
1777, aged 73. And Mary Grant, his spouse, 
who died Jan. 13, 1778, aged 77. Here lies John 

Lumsden son to John Lumsden and 

Katharine Kearin, Aberdeen, who died April 13, 
1741, aged 5 years. 

[Upon a slab in outside of wall] : — 


— Mr L., who was admitted minister of Towie 9 
June 17-40, had at least four daughters and one 
son. Three of the daughters were married, 
Mary to Bailie Dingwall of Aberdeen ; Margaret, 
to Mr James Gordon, Belly ; and Elizabeth, to 
Capt. John Grant of Duthil. The son Robert 
(born IG INIarch 1745), wrote some clever satires, 
such as the See in the Forest, and Jean of Bog- 
more, (v. p. 188.) Mr L. was succeeded Ib 
Towie by Mr Mearns, v?ho was translated to 
Cluny (q.v.) in 1795. 

Near Lumsden 's aisle, a granite obelisk, within 
a railed enclosjure, is thus inscribed : — 

Sacred to the memory of Gen. Sir Alexander 
Leith, K.C.B., of Freefield and Glenkindie, who 
died 19 Feb. 1859, aged 84. Also of Maria Thorp, 
his first wife, who died 2 Aug. 1834. Erected by 
his surviving widow, Mary Mackenzie Leith. 

— Sir Alex. Leith, who was a brave soldier, served 
in the French and Peninsular wars, and was 
knighted in 1815. He rose to the rank of Lieut. - 
Colonel ; and from an expression which he used 
to his soldiers when they were coming to close 
quarters with the enemy on one occasion, he was 
known in the army by the soubroquet of Cauld 
Steel. By his first wife he had his successor in 
the estate, and another son, Col. Disney Leith, 
C.B., who distinguished himself at Moultan. 
Since then he has married the only child of Sir 
H. Gordon of Knockespock. Sir A.'s "surviv- 



ing widow" is a Mackenzie of Glack. The 
Leiths of Freefield and Gleukindie, like those of 
Leith-hall, &c., are descended from Wm. Leith 
of Barns in Premnay, provost of Aberdeen, 
1352-55. One of the Leiths married a daughter 
of Strachan of Glenkindie ; and Patrick, the last 
of the male line of the Strachans, sold the estate 
in 1738 to his cousin, Alex. Leith (grandfather of 
Sir Alex.), who died about 1754. 

Mary Duncan, first wf. of Js. Strachan, d. 1771, 
a. 27 :— 

Here lyes interred below this clod. 
The body of a saint of God, 
Who liv'd in hope and expectation 
Of Jesus Christ for her salvation. 
She liv'd a good and pious life, 
A loving, chaste, and faithful wife ; 
She died in peace with God above. 
And rests in his Eternal love. 
Erected by public subscription, in memory of 
John Procter, Esq., surgeon. Born 26 July 1810: 
died 14 April 1854. 

Alexander Lyon, A.M., graduate of King's 
College, Aberdeen, afterwards of Sydney Sussex 
CoUege, Cambridge, " at both of which Universities 
he obtained many honourable testimonials of un- 
common abilities and attainments, withdrawn by 
untimely death on 5th day of June 1850, in the 2.3d 
year of his age." Erected by his parents, Alexan- 
ander Lyon and Helen Tough. 

To the memory of the Rev. Robert Lindsay, 
LL.D., born 19 March 1799; ordained minister of 
this parish 20 Aug. 1840 ; died 31 Oct. 1851. 

It is said that there were three chapels in dif- 
ferent parts of the parish in old times. In the 
neighbourhood of Kinbattoch, is the site of a rath, 
or fort ; but this, as well as the Peel of Fechley 
(upon which are the slender remains of an ancient 
fort), and the other antiquities in the parish, are 
noticed in the Statistical Accounts, &c. 

Of Towie Castle, which adjoins the kirk, some 
of the vaulted cellars, and a portion of the square 
tower, only remain, round the latter of which a 
protecting wall has been recently built. It is 
generally believed that this was the place which. 

in 1571, Captain Ker, deputed by Sir Adam Gor- 
don of Auchendown, demanded " to be raudrit 
to him in the Queynis name ;" and the request 
being refused by the lady (her lord being from 
home), " fyre was put to the hous, wharin she, 
and the nomber of 27 persons, war cruelie brynt 
to the death." This barbarous proceeding, which 
was done to revenge certain insults which the 
Forbeses had given to the Gordons, is celebrated 
in the touching ballad of Edom o' Gordon. The 
unfortunate Lady Forbes, who, according to some 
accounts, was pregnant at the time of her sad 
death, was a daughter of Sir John Campbell of 
Calder ; and her charred remains are said to have 
been buried in the now obliterated kirkyard of 
Nether Towie. 

The Forbeses, designed of Tollies, or Towie, in 
1494, are said to have sprung from Alexan- 
der of Brux, 4th son of Sir John of Forbes, who 
died in 1305. The estate of Towie was Forbes 
property down to about the middle of the 17th 

In 1357, Thomas Earl of Mar gave a charter 
to Adam of Strathauen and his wife Margaret, 
the Earl's cousin, of part of the lands of Glen- 
kindie, and Glenboul, called Rummor. FromaseW, 
1488, of the lands of Murthlich (now Morlich), 
which belonged to the Abbey of Cupar, it appears 
that Margaret Charteris was the name of the lady 
of Glenkindie at the latter date ; and that she 
had " tua sonnis callit Jhonne and Alexander of 
Strahaquhyn." There Avas a knighthood in the 
Glenkindie family at one time ; and it is probable 
that they were a branch of the Strachans of the 
]\Iearns (v. p. 134.) The well-known tragical 
ballad of Glenkindy is intended to illustrate a 
tradition in the courtship of Strachan and the 
Earl of Mar's daughter, in which " Gib his 
man," or page, is represented as having played 
" the loon," for which he forfeited his life. 

The house of Glenkindie (locally situated in 
the parish of Strathdon), is a snug chateau, amidst 
ancestral trees, and partly clad with ivy. An 
older castle, surrounded by a foss, stood farther 
up the glen. But it appears that a house had been 
built near the site of the present one, in 1595. 



Two carved stones are still there — one, below a 
shield with the Strachan arms, and the initials 
V. S., bears : — 

. . . ins . straf)iil)iri ■ ic . gUnkenliic 
Ijoc . op . fecit . annfl . tiui . 15— 
The other slab is inscribed : — 




Two door lintels, in the present house, bear the 
Leith cross-crosslet, the motto, trusty to the 
END ; also these dates and initials : — 

A. L : c. D., 1741. A. L : c. s., 1787. 

James Wilkie, a divinity student, and native 
of Towie, wrote The Holy Sabbath and other 
poems (Abd. 1841.) The poems are of a pensive 
melancholy turn, to which, unfortunately, the 
author fell a victim. 


tXiriE kirk of Ahirkerdour, now Marnocii, a 
^ vicarage of the cathedral of Moray, was given 
by King William the Lion to the Abbey of Ar- 
broath. Between 1 203-14, Gilchrist, Earl of Mar, 
gave the same convent the patronage of the church 
of Aberchirder, the right to which he had success- 
fully contested with the King and the Bishop of 

According to tradition, S. Marnan, who 
flourished about the middle of the 7th century, 
" dyed very old, and was buried at Aberchirdir." 
A ford on the Deveron, and a well near the 
church, still bear his name. Possibly there was 
an altar to Our Lady in the church in old times, 
as an adjoining spring is named Lady Well. 

The present church, which was removed from 
the kirkyard about the beginning of the present 
century, occupies the site of a stone circle, upon a 
rising ground to the north-east. Like many 
parish churches of the period, that of Marnoch 
presents little worthy of notice, save two material 

wants— elegance in design, and beauty of situa- 
tion—to the latter of which, the old site, on the 
banks of the Deveron, forms quite a contrast. 

Little of the old kirk of Marnoch remains ; and 
a vault, or place where bodies were deposited, 
prior to interment, during the resurrection mania, 
" built by subscription in the year 1832," is now 
an object of little interest. Some of the tombs, 
however, are of a superior class. One, in the 
north-east corner of the enclosure, was, according 
to local story, executed by a common mason at 
Crombie. It is of Elgin freestone, dated 1694, 
and presents, impaled, the arms of Meldrum of 
Laithers and Duff of Braco, surrounded by an 
elegant scroll ornament. Within an oval, the 
half-length life-sized eifigy of a bearded ecclesias- 
tic, with cap, frill, and gown, is carved in bold 
relief : a scroll is in the right hand, and a 
book in the left. Below Cupon an oblong oval, 
and convex piece of polished Portsoy marble), is 
the following inscription : — 

Hie jacet reverendus et pius defunctus D. Geor- 
Gius Meldrum de Crombie, quondam de Glass, 
prseco fidelissimus, qui officio pastorali, dum ferebant 
tempera, diligenter functus erat. Dives enim fuit 
nou avarus, lucri gratia conscieutiam violare noluit, 
pacifice et sobrie vixit, et hinc migravit anno Dom. 
1692, aitatis sua3 76. 

[Here lies the late reverend and pious Mr George 
Meldrum of Crombie, sometime of (ilass, a faithful 
preacher, who, while the times permitted, diligently 
discharged the duties of his pastoral office. Not 
being avaricious, he was rich, and would not do 
violence to his conscience for the sake of gain ; he 
lived peaceably and soberly, and departed hence 
A.D. 1692, in the 76th year of his age.] 

— Mr M., who previously " exercised" at Aber- 
deen, was admitted minister of Glass in 1644 ; 
and there, in 1650, one of his elders, in the pre- 
sence of the session (alluding to some reported 
favia), declared he had heai'd a parishioner say 
that " he sould cause that lowne the minister 
haue a fowll face !" Mr M.'s father was laird of 
Laithers, and his mother was a sister of Adam 
Duff of Clunybeg. Mr George Meldrum is said 
to have had three daughters (Doug. Bar., 138.) 



Besides Crombie, in Marnoch, Mr Meldrum held 
large possessions in the parishes of Turriff and 
Inverkeithny, &c., iu all which he was succeeded 
by John Ramsay of Melross, in Gamrie, as heir 
of entail. Crombie (the old house of which still 
stands), was previously possessed by Walter Ur- 
quhart, who, along with a number of accomplices, 
was charged with the murder of a brother of Lord 
Frendraught in 1642. 

A flagstone, which forms the entrance to a 
vault, within the same enclosure as the last-men- 
tioned monument, bears : — 

This is now the burial place of the family of 
Ardmealie, being a gift from William Dufl of Crom- 
bie to James Gordon of Ardmealie, his nephew, 
who died 31 July 1791. 

— The Ardmealie Gordons were a branch of those 
of Craig (i'. Auciiendoik). From Gordons 
the property of Ardmealie was bought by Morri- 
son of Auchentoul, father of the present laird of 
Bognie. It afterwards belonged to Edward EUice, 
Esq., M.P., from whom it and Mayen were 
bought by the trustees of the undermentioned Mr 
Gordon of Avochie, who sold Drumlithie, in 
the Mearns, to Mr Miller : — 

In memory of John Gordon, Esq. of Avochie 
and Mayen, who died the 27 of Nov. 1857, aged 
60 years. 

—The above-named Mr Gordon succeeded his 
father, a W.S. in Edinburgh, in the lands of 
Avochie. Upon his death in 1857, Avochie and 
Mayen came, by entail, to the present laird, 
Adam Hay. Mr Hay is also a W.S., and the 
son of a sister of the last-named Mr Gordon's 
father. Mr Hay assumes the name of Hay- 
Gordon (v. Kinoke). 

An adjoining enclosure contains marble tablets, 
respectively inscribed as follow : — 

Within this vault are deposited the remains of 
John Innes of Muiryfold, Esq. Distinguished for 
judgment, candour, and integrity, he employed- 
those qualities with cheerful and unremitting appli- 
cation in the service of his friends and his neigh- 
bours. In domestick life, an affectionate husband 
and generous master ; in society a most agreeable 
companion. Born 11 March 1729, he died lamented 

3 Oct. 1780. This vault and monument were 
erected at the request of his disconsolate widow, 
Helen, daughter of Peter Gordon of Ardmealie, 

— Mr Innes, who was a W.S. in Edinburgh, was 
descended from the Edingight family, and 
inherited Muiryfold from his father {v. p. 
101). Leaving no issue, he was succeeded by the 
daughter of his younger brother, Thomas Innp:s 
of Monellie. The latter, also a W.S., died at 
Edinburgh, 6th Sept. 1779, and was buried in 
the Greyfriars' churchyard. Mr T. Innes' daugh- 
ter married James, a eon of Rose of Gask, near 
Turriff, who was descended from John of Ballivat, 
2d son of the Hugh Rose of Kilravock, who died 
in 1517. Mr Rose assumed the name of Rose' 
Innes. His death is thus recorded at Maruoch 
upon a marble slab : — 

To the memory of James Rose- Innes, spouse to 
Elizabeth-Mary Innes of Netherdale : died 4 Aug. 
1814, aged 40. [Their eldes't and second sons 
Thomas and William died in infancy respectively 
in 1799 and 1800.] 

— The following, from another tablet, shows that 
Mrs Rose-lnnes survived her husband for about 
37 years : — 

To the memory of Mrs Elizabeth-Maky Rose- 
Innes of Netherdale, who died at Netherdale, 17 
Jan. 1851, aged 73. 

— The property and mansion-house of Netherdale 
are beautifully situated upon the north bank of 
the Deveron. Netherdale, originally called 
Pittendriech, and Mains of Fyvie, was acquired 
by Mr Innes from the Earl of Fife in excambiou 
for Muiryfold. The present name was given the 
property, and the house built, bylMiss Innes about 
1795, when she married Mr Hose. 

To the memory of Georgina Gilzean, spouse of 
James Rose-lnnes, third son of Jas. Rose-lnnes, 
and Elizabeth-Mary, his spouse : died 10 Oct, 1836, 
aged 28. Elizabeth-Mary, only daughter of Jas. 
Rose-lnnes and Georgina Gilzean, died aged 14 
years and 9 months. James Rose-Innes, spouse 
of Georgina Gilzean, died 10 June 1845, aged 44. 
— James Rose-lnnes, W.S., who died in 1845, 
was 3d son of the heiress of Netherdale. His 



wife (who predeceased him ia 1836), was a 
daughter of Mr Gilzean of Bunachtou, luverness- 
shire. Their son, T. Gilzean Rose-Innes, now 
laird of Netherdale, married Grace, daughter of 
Mr Fraser, W.S., Edinburgh. Besides the family 
already named, the heiress of Xetherdale had a 
daughter (who lives at Netherdale Cottage), and 
three sons : John, a merchant in London, who 
died in 1867 ; Capt. Patrick, of Blachrie House, 
Fyvie (to whose kindness I am obliged for notes 
regarding his family) ; and George, of Ardfour, 
a solicitor in Loudon. 

A monument, with the Chalmers and Innes 
coats impaled, initialed M. H. C : E. I., and dated 
1709, contains this inscription : — 

Sub hoc monumento reconduntur exuviae Mr' 
HuGONis Chalmers, qui ecclesice hujus Marnoch- 
ensis A.D. 36 circiter anuos pastoris officio fidelis- 
sime functus est. Doctus absque vanitate, pius 
citra ostentationem, gravis sed non morosus, veri- 
tatem pacemque constantissime coluit, et tandem, 
exacto 59 amiorum curriculo, ex hac aerumnosa 
lachrymarum valle iu patriam ccelestem commigra- 
vit quiuto die Junii 1707. 

[Under this monument are laid the remains of 
Mr Hugh Chalmers, who, for about 36 years, 
discharged with the greatest fidelity, the office of 
pastor of this church of Marnoch. Learned without 
vanity, pious without ostentation, grave but not 
morose, he constantly studied truth and peace, and 
at length, after a career of 59 years, departed from 
this sorrowful valley of tears to the heavenly land, 
5th June 1707.] 

Upon a flat stone in area of burial ground : — 

John Taylor, Mill of Crombie, d. 1721, a. 44 ; 

Margt. Johnston, his vd. , d. 1748, a. 61 : — 
Here lyes the man aud wife, whose actions just. 
Still blooms afresh, tho' now they're turn'd to dust; 
Unlearned were both, yet from God's laws ne'er 

Believ'd in Christ, and him they daily serv'd. 
Be thankful then, since ye're like labourers sent — 
The more's requir'd of them where much is lent ; 
In memory of their honest lives and deaths 
William, their son, this stone Bequeaths. 

Near the above : — 

Here lyes the body of William Thain, lauful 
son to Patrick Thain in Euchrie, who died the 22 

of March 1755 

—Though now a somewhat uncommon surname, 
Thain is one of some antiquity in the district ; 
and it is interesting to notice that in connection 
with the very place named in this inscription, 
" Patryk Thane the aid wycar of Inuerkethuy," 
was, in 1493, one of several persons who per- 
ambulated the lands of " Yocbry et Achbrady," 
as part of the kirk lands of Aberchirder. Yochry, 
Eochry, or Echry, is a sort of peninsula or head- 
land of the Deveron, and may have its name 
from having abounded at one time in yew trees. 

Upon a table-shaped stone: — 

Sacred to the memory of James Simpson, who 
departed this life January 30, 1777, aged 62 years j 
and IsoBEL Mackie, his wife, who died 26 May 
1787, aged 68 years. This stone is erected by their 
son, John Simpson, merchant iu Quebec. 

When we devote our youth to God, &c. 
John Simpson died Oct 30, 1858, aged S3. Wil- 
liam Simpson died 3 Nov. 1867, aged 55. 

— A stone slab in a pillar of the kirkyard gate 
preserves this record of John Simpson's birth, and 
of his liberality to the heritors of the parish of 
Marnoch : — 

John Simpson, mercht. in Quebec, was born in 
the parish of Marnoch, A.D. 1747, and at his sole 
expense erected these churchyard walls, A.D. 1793. 

Jas. Watson, gardener, Ardmeallie, d. 1780, a. 

A humourous sympathising friend, 
Whose bones lies in this dark abode ; 
Companion was for high or mean, 
Kegarding man and fearing God. 

The next two inscriptions are chiefly remark- 
able for their orthographical peculiarities : — 

Memento moeriy. AReCTed By RObeRT GRaY 
shoemaker in CrANNA to the memory of his 
son Robert and daughter Jean who departed this 
life Octr. 30 Nov. 12 1817. In memory of his 
Mother Isabel lay en who departed this life 1822 
aged 73. 

G G 



Memento mori. His Fader R. G. MaSSaN IN 
FOggLON Who DEParted This Life The 22 OF 
Api-iL 1782 Egged 30. 

Upon a headstone : — 

To the memory of the late George Christie, 
tinsmith and engraver, Fergustown, who died 10 
Feb. 18G0, aged 58. Erected by his friends and 
acquaintances as a token of their admiration of his 
honest industry, moral worth, intelligence, and 
self -acquired mechanical genius. Here rests a pri 
soner now released. 

Upon a marble slab . — 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. John Edwards, 
who died on the 1st day of October 1S4S, in the 
57th year of his age, and the 9th of his ministry. 
Post nubila ccelum. 

— Mr Edwards was the son of a small farmer in 
the parish of Grange. He was schoolmaster first 
of Boharm, next of his native parish. The Earl 
of Fife presented him to the living of Marnoch in 
1837. Being vetoed by the people, application 
was then made by the Presbytery of Stratbbogie 
to the superior ecclesiastical courts for advice how 
to act in the matter. The church courts advised 
the rejection of the presentee — on the other hand, 
the Court of Session ordered his admission to the 
charge " if found competent." Four members of 
the Presbytery voted for the former, and seven 
for the latter course, upon which the General As- 
sembly deposed the majority, and also deprived the 
presentee of his license. After Mr Edwards was 
vetoed, the patron issued a new presentation in 
favour of the Kev. David Henry, assistant to 
the previous minister. Mr Henry was " the 
choice of the people," and inducted by a minority 
of the Presbytery. Being set aside, under the 
above circumstances, Mr Henry continued to 
labour at Aberchirder to a large congregation in 
the Free Church, and died there in 1870. He was 
joined (McCosh's Wheat and the Chaff), by tioo 
of the original protesting ministers of Strathbogie ! 
It need scarcely be added that "the Marnoch case" 
caused the passing of Lord Aberdeen's Church 
Act, also that it hastened the Disruption of 1843, 
and that the seven^ as well as Mr Edwards, were 
reponed to the office of the ministry. 

The district of Aberchirder was a thanedora, 
from which, as was the fashion of the period, the 
thane, or king's steward, assumed his surname. 
The family De Aberchirder appears to have 
been of considerable note ; and, according to the 
Junes genealogy, "Dame Jauettee of Aberchirder, 
daughter to Sir David the Thayne of these lands," 
married Sir llobt. Junes, by whom he acquired 
" a considerable estate," and bore her arms (three 
boars' heads erased), along with his own. 

But it is of Symon, thane of Aberchirder, that 
the best record exists. About 128G-9, he founded 
a chapel on the banks of the " Duff hern," dedi- 
cated to S. Menimis or Monanus, which he en- 
dowed with four silver merks out of the mill of 
" Carnoussexth" (Carnousie),and other privileges, 
to which charter his brother William de Aber- 
kerdouer is a witness. It appears that Symon 
was also thane of Cunwath (Inverkeithny), six 
davachs of which he granted to the Earl of Buchau 
with the view of being reponed in the thanage of 
Aberchirder, of which, for some cause or other 
(possibly by King Edward in 1296), he appears 
to have been dispossessed. Symon was dead 
before 12 March 1328, as of that date his daughter 
Sibilla was recognised as his heiress in part of the 
lands of Westircaringusy, which she conveyed to 
William of Melgdrum. Of this lady no further 
trace is found. Sometime after the death of 
Symon of Aberchirder, the thanedom was given 
to Walter Lesly, by whose descendant, Alexander, 
Lord of the Isles, it was granted in 1439, under 
the name of " the l>aro)iy of Aberchirder," to Sir 
Walter Junes, son of the before-named Sir Robert 
Junes and Janet Aberchirder. 

Probably the chapel of S. Menimis stood at a 
place still called Chapelton, about two miles below 
the bridge of Marnoch. S. John's "W^ell and S. 
John's Ford are near the Chapelton ; and " Sanct 
Huchomy's Well" is in another part of the parish. 
AU these names possibly indicate sites of old 
places of worship. 

The bridge of Marnoch bears the date of 1806. 
A short distance below the bridge, situated (as 
the name implies) upon a promontory, stands the 
house of liiuairdy. It is said to have belonged at 



one time to the Crightons of Frendraught, more 
anciently it formed a part of the barony of Aber- 
chirder. Prior to 1650, Kinairdy belonged to 
Mr John Gregory, minister of Drumoak, an- 
cestor of the celebrated mathematicians of that 
name. The jDroperty of Kinairdy, also the pa- 
tronage of the kirk of Marnoch, were acquired 
by Lord Fife from a family named Donaldson, 
the first of whom was a merchant in Elgin (q. v.) 
A stone slab upon the front of the house of Kin- 
airdy gives this account of the erection of the 
oldest existing part of it : — 


The mansion house of Auchintoul is near the 
middle of the parish. Built partly by, it was long 
the residence of Gen. Alex. Gordon, who ob- 
tained distinction under Peter the Great of Russia, 
of whose history the General wrote an account in 
2 vols. (Aberd. 1765). Gen, Gordon died at 
Auchintoul, aged 82, and was buried at Marnoch : 
no stone marks his grave. 

Within a mile of Auchintoul stands the Vilkuje 
of Aherchirder, or New Marnoch, sometimes called 
" Foggieloan." It occupies a rising ground, from 
which a good view of the surrounding district is 
obtained, and consists of a square, with diverging 
streets. There are some good shops and dwelling 
houses in Aberchirder, a branch bank, also Free, 
Episcopal, U.P., aud Baptist Churches, together 
with a Roman Catholic Chapel. In 1861, it had 
a population of about 1263 persons, the females 
being 221 in excess of the males I 

fX^'HE kirk of Marintoyi was' a vicarage of the 
sit cathedral of Brechin. The patronage and 
tithes of S. Mary of Old Munros, with its lands, 
called in the Scotch speech AhtJien, were given to 
the Abbey of Arbroath by William the Lion 
The same king granted the Abbey lands of Mun- 

ros, in liferent, to Hugh of Roxburgh, chancellor, 
to be held of the Abbots of Arbroath, on the pay- 
ment of three stones of wax yearly. (Reg. Vetus 
de Aberbrothoc.) 

S. Mary's Well is in the immediate vicinity of 
the present church. The church was built in 1791. 
A hand bell at the manse bears " Makytoun, 
1730 ;" and the bell upon the kirk is thus in- 
scribed : — 


Within, and upon the north wall of the kirk, a 
handsome marble monument (adorned with the 
Lindsay arms, and motto, firm us maneo), bears 
this inscription : — 

Sub hoc marmore reconditus jacet Reverendus 
vir, David Lyndesius, (ex prisca Lyndesiorum 
farailia de DowhiU oriundus), ecclesife de Mary- 
town per 33 annos pastor vigilantissimus, vir sin- 
gular! literarum cognitioue, et summa rerum peritia 
ornatus ; pietate in Deum, tide in Regem, reverentia 
in Episcopos, et humanitate erga omnes insignia, 
obiit 16 8eptembris 1706, ajtatis suas 62. Hie etiam 
siti sunt duo filii impuberes Gulielmus et Alex- 
ander, et Katharina filia, cixjus eximiam formpe 
venustatem omues virgine dignaj virtutcs facile 

[Beneath this marble lies interred the Rev. 
David Lyndsay (a descendant of the old family of 
Lyndsay of Dowhill), for 33 years the most vigilant 
pastor of the church of Marytown. He was a man 
of profound erudition, and of the greatest aptitude 
for business, distinguished for piety towards God, 
fidelity to the King, respect for the Bishops, and 
kindness to all. (He died as above. ) Here also 
are laid two of his sons who died in childhood, 
William and Alexander ; and his daughter 
Katharine, in whom rare personal beauty, and 
every maidenly virtue shone with equal lustre. ] 

— Mr Lyndsay was the last Episcopal minister of 
Maryton. According to the Brechin Presbytery 
Records, 3IS. (May 1, 1673), he was " younger 
son of Mr David Lindsay, minister of Rescobie 
(and) was presented to the kirk of Marieton by 
the Archbishop of St Andrews." The Lindsays 
of Dowhill claim descent from Sir William Liudsay 
of Rossy, in Fife, sou cf Sir Alex, of Gleuesk, by 



his second wife, a niece of Robt. TI. This branch 
is represented by David Baird Lindsay, Esq. Mr 
Lindsay succeeded Mr Lamy, on his translation 
from Maryton to Faruell. Mr Lamy (who was 
maternal grandfather of the celebrated Dr John 
Arbuthnott), was possibly a cadet of the old 
Lamies of Duukenny {v. p. G8-.) 

The churchyard, which is kept in good order, 
contains a number of tombstones, from which the 
following inscriptions are selected : — 

Wm. son of Wm. Lawrance, vintner, Usan, was 
drowned in a draw-well, Oct. 1787, a. 3 years : — 
Doth Infant's pain and death proclaim, 

That A.dam did Rebel ? 
His destiny declares the same. 

Being drowned in a Well. 
Let all who mourn his early death, 

Hate sin the fatal cause, 
And flee to Jesus Christ by faith 

Who saves from Satan's jaws. 

Charles Mtlne, d. 1786, a 56 :— 

what an awful scene is here. The adorable 
Creator around me and the Bones of my fellow 
creatures under my Feet, The fatal shafts fly so 
promiscuously, that none can guess the next victim. 
Passing over the couch of decrepit age, Death has 
nipped Infancy in its Bud, & blasted Youth in its 
Bloom, therefore be ye always ready, for in such 
an hour as yo thinlc not, the final summons will 

James Petrie, d. 1739, a. So :— 

I, when the Trumpet Sounds with joy. 

Shall quit my earthly bed ; 
The voice that calls me wont annoy — 
Arise, come forth ye Dead. 

Heir lyis Alexander Litch, svmtym indvelar 
in Old Montrois, hvsband to Beatsy Ramsy, vho 
depairtid 11 March 1639. The Lord gives and 
takes, blesed be his holy name. Memento mori 
noli parco. 

The following, in beautifully interlaced letters, 
is round the margin of a table-shaped stone : — 

Heir lieth Alexander Leatch, somtyme in 
Bonitoun, who depairted this lif December 15, 
1779. Janet Glen, his spovs, died January 8, 
17-2, aged 61. [v. Lethnot.J 

James Orr, husband to Ann Hampton, who lived 
sometime in the Bearmeans of Old Montrose, de- 
parted this life 11 Nov. 1745, aged 57. 

Upon a table-shaped stone : — 

James Forrest, collector of toll duties leviable 
at the Montrose Bridge for the space of 10 years, 
which ofiice he fuLfilled to the satisfaction of all 
concerned ........ 

— A marble slab inserted into the top of the 
above stone bears that Capt. Jamks Dukie of 
the Libra of Montrose, and his brother John, 
carpenter of said vessel, were both drowned at 
sea, 18 Oct. 1843. Mrs Mary Forukst (wife 
of J. F.), died in 1848, aged 82-, &c. 

Alex. Greig, farmer (1755) : — 

Primo Deus ferro mortales vertere terram instituit. 

Agricola iucuruo terram dimouit aratro ; 

Hinc anni labor, hinc patriam paruosq' nepotes 
[Mortals were at first divinely taught to turn up 

the soil with a ploughshare. The husbandman 

breaks up the ground with the plough ; hence the 

labour of the year — hence he supports his country, 

and his little gi-and-chiklren.] 

By honest industry and guiltless toil, 
He liv'd on earth manuring still the soil ; 
Yet not to earth were all his thouglits confiu'd, 
For bread of life his labours were design'd. 

An adjoining stone bears : — 

Here lyes David Dennies, sometime wiver in 
Goukhill, who departed this life the 5th day of 
May anno Dommino 1742, and of his age G2 j'ears. 

Upon a brass plate (v. p. 91^, sunk into the 
top of a table-shaped stone : — 

The Piev. Andrew Fergusson, born March 1769 ; 
ordained assistant to his father, the Rev. David 
Fergusson, minister of Faruell, Oct. 16, 1793 ; ad- 
mitted minister of this parish March 1795 ; demitted 
May 18, 1843 ; died minister of the Free Church in 
this parish, Oct. 24, 1843. 

— An inscription upon the same stone shows that 
Elizabeth Bkuce, wife of Mr A. F., died 4 
Feb. 1827 ; also that their son Andrew-Forbes 
Fergusson, M.D., born 2 Feb. 1811, died 24 
April 1853, &c. Mr F.'s surviving son (ordained 



minister of Strachan in 1836), seceded at the 
Disruption, and has ever since been Free Church 
minister of that parish. A granite obelisk at 
Maryton marks the grave of " Helen Driver, 
■widow of A. F. Fergusson, M.D., Montrose, who 
died in 1868." Upon a headstone : — 

James Petrie, who was for many years servant 
to the late Robert Scott, Esq. of Duniuald, per- 
formed the duties of his station with unremitting 
diligence and fidelity, and gave, by his conduct to 
all around him of his own rank, an example worthy 
of imitation, and died in the year 1789, aged So. 
This stone, as a mark of respect and approbation, 
was erected by the Family of Duninald. 

D Y S A R T 


"If N an ecclesiastical sense the name Disert, or 
fMa Dysarfi signifies a hermitage, or the residence 
of a recluse or priest. — CJoyce's Irish Names of 
Places.) In this view the name may be appli- 
cable in the present case ; for, although th